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I • 



O F T H E 



Begun in the Year 1(^4.1. 

Volume II. Part i. 

^ . < ■ ■ 1 1 ■ I ....— ii.iiii>i II — ^M-i— — — ^^^ti^i^i 

• • 

■c • 

^ . 

« - 

aiidChancifLvof rh/lluhvrfihj cfOxJar^AiO'ni.iuSj , 






O F T H E 

1- • 

" y 

Rebellion and Civil \V'ars 

? .... * . . . * . I . * 

I Begun in the Year 16^1. 

*» V 


pjDCoedeiit jNfiages, and Adions, that contri- 
buted thereanto, and the happy End, and Conclofiod 
thereof by the Kings blefled Restor^tiq^) Mud 
RETURN) upon the 29'^ of May ^ in the Year 1660^ 

Written by the Right Honourable 

■Edward Earl of Clarendon^ 

' , Late Lord High Chancellor ofEuglanJ, Privy Cbunfellor iri 
.' the Reigns of King Ch a rles the Firft and the Second. 

m , 

¥^ii(iob IS AH* Thucyd. 

lie quid FaJfi dtcere audeau ne quid Vert nm audeat Cicero'* 

■ I ■ , .1 ■ ■ ■ 

Volume II. Part i. 

X F 21 D, 

Printed at the Th e a t e r, ^n. Dom. MDCCXVII. 

r , 




^ .V. 

.- . 1 





\ -• 


Vice-Can. GxbK. 

ji^ If. 1703* 




I • , 

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r I ^ 

Tout Maje/fy is tnofi bumkly DtAciuU 
this SecmdTart of the Hiftory of the Rebel- 
lion and Civil ^zn^written U Edward Earl 

8^ Clarendon. For to whom jo naturally cm$ 

the Works gT ^bis Author^ treating of the Times ofTmt 
Royal Grandfather J he addrefs'dy as to Tour Self; now 
^Miearing^ wit A Lufire and Glory ^ that Crown^ wiici^ 
in tbofe unhappy dajts^ was treated with fo much con^ 
tempt and barbarity^ and laid low even to the %)uft ? 

This Second Tart comes with the greater coftfidfuci 
into Tour Trefenccy by the advantage ojthe favourabkre* 
eeption the Fkji bath met with in the World ; Jkce it 
is not to be doubtedf but the fame truths fairnefs^ and 
impartiality^ that will be found throughout the whok 
thread of the Wfiuy^ will meet with the fame Candour 
from all equal "Judges, 

Vol. II. Part I. . A 1 'tis 


^77i true^ fomcfew Terfms^ vohoji Anceftors are here 
found not to have had that part during their lives which 
would have been more agreeable to the wifhes of their 
Jurviving Toflerity^ have been offended atfome particu^ 
larsy mention d in this Hiftory^ concerning fo near Reh- 
tions^ and would have them pafs for miftakgn Informa-^ 
tions. But it is to be hoped, thatjuch a concern (f IQn^ 
dredfcT their Families^ thoug^ not bkmeable in them, 
will rather appear partial on Their ^fide ; Jince it cannot 
be doubted^ mt this Author muji have had his materials 
from undeniable J and unexceptionable hands ^ and could 
have no temptation to infer t any thing, but the truth in a 
work of this nature^ which was dejigtid to remain to 
Toflerity, as a faithful record of Things y and Terfws in 
thofe Times ^ and ^ his own unquefiionable Jincerity in 
the reprefentation of them. 

In this affurance it is humbfy hoped, it will not be un* 
profitable to Tour Majejly to be bsre informed of the fa* 
tal and undeferv'd misfortunes of one rf'Tour Anceflcrs, 
with the particular and fad occafions of them ; the better 
to direff Tour Royal Perfon through the continual uncer^ 
tainties of the Qreatnejs of this World. And as Tour 
Majejly cannot have a better Guide, throughout the 
whole Courfe of Tour Reign, for the good Admtntjlration 
^ Tmr Government y than Hijlory in general^ fo the¥^ 
cannot he a mere ufeful one t9 Tour Majefiy than this of 
Tour own Kingdoms) and it is prefum'd^ without lying 
Wider the Imputation of mi/leading Tour Majejly^ k way 
^ ^ffcrtedtbat no Author cMld Sim been better inflruff'* 
edj and have known more of the Times and Matters of 
^hfch he writes J than this who is here prtfgutedto Took 

Tom x3iajefty may depend upon his Rehaions to be 
true in Fad ; md Tou wiU find his Objervations jufl ; 
iis R^eSlions made with judgement ^d voeight^ and 
his Mviees ^iven upon VMJi and bonep Vrinctples ; no$ 
eap&bk of being no¥> interpreted as fiilffrvient to any 
Ambition or Inter eft tf hrs o^uun; aad having no<vo mt^ 
Md the Tre^^ce^dnd Tartimies'^the Times in 
which they vo^re Written. And Tom^M^fiy thus BJe^ 
vated^ as by God*s hleffings Tou are^ firo^ vobom a great 
■^ '■ ' • I many 


many Truths nuy he induftrtimjly ctmcenTJj an J on whom 
agreaimany wrwig Noihns tmdvrfaifc Cohws may mtb 
ef Mai care be eitrnJed^ wli have the greater Aivantaga 
jr$m this fait If ul Remembrancer. 

This Authmr^ Mce a Privy Counfel/er anJMnifler t^ 
ivsc Great Kings y anJ^ in a good degree^ Favourite tik <me 
^fTheWf bath fome pretence to be admitted into Tour 
Majeftys Council toOy and may become capable c/* doit^ 
Tou Service alfo\ vobUJl the jicounts he gives of Time ^ 
pafty come feafonabfy to guide Tou through the Times 
prejeutj and thofe to come. . . 

This Hi/lmy may He upon Tour Table unenviedi and 
Tour Majefty m^ pap hours and days in the perufal 
of it^ when poffibly ^ They who fbaU be the mojl ufe- 
Jul in Tour Service j may, be refleSted on for aiming too 
Wkuxhat injiugnctng Tour Anions ^ and engr offing Tour 

From this Hiftory Tour \fMajejfy may come to know 
mora of the uaiurcj aud temper of Tour own Vtople^ 
than bath yet been obfe¥v'd by any other hand. Net- 
tber can any Living CoHverfation Jay before Tour iSMa* 
jefty in one vieWf^Jo many Tranja&ions necejfary for 
Tour obfervatkn. jind feeing ho f^rince can be endutd 
in a moment with aperfeS EuperieKive. in the ConduSl 
of Affairs^ whatever iitruoledge tnoy^he ufeful to Tmr 
Majefty's Government j if it may have- been concealed 
from Tou-in the CircMmfiances of your Private Lfe^ in 
this Hifiory it may be the moji ejfeliuaUy fupplied\ 
where Tour Majefty will find the true Qmftitution \f 
Tour Government J both in Church and State^ plainly laid 
before Tou^ as . weU -as tl^ Mftahes^ thar were^, com? 
mitted in ike management tf bitb. 

Here Tour Majejly wiU fee hovb both thi^e Interns 
are infeparaik^ and ought to he prefenid fo^ and how 
fatal it hath prov'd to bothj wheuHier^ by the Artifice 
and Malice of wichd and [elf defigniftg Men^ they have 
happen d to be divided. And though Tour tSUaje/ly will 
fee, here , hgw a Great /Gng lojl bis Kingdoms ^ and at 
hji his JUfe^ in the "Defence of this Churchy Tou wiU 
difeern too^ that it anas by Men who^^wert no better 

A J FVicndi 


Frtenis to Mmmrcby than to true Reli^ion^ tb4t bis Ot 
hmitics viere brought upon Him ; anJ as it was the 
method oftbofe Men to take exceptions ibrjl to the Ce- 
remonies and outward Order of the Ctmrch^ that tbej 
might attack her the more furely in her very Being and 
Foundation y fo they coitld not de/iroy the State ^ which 
they chiefly deftgndj tiU they had fir ft overturn d 
the Church. And a truth it is which cannot he contro^ 
verted^ That the iSMmarchy of England is not now ca- 
pable of being Supported^ but upon the Principles of the 
Church ^England ; from whence it will be very natural 
to cmchtde^ that the pre f crying them both firfnly United 
together^ is the likeueft way for ToUr Majefty to Reign 
happily over Tour Stujeffs. 

TbeRchsionl^ UwEftabMid is fuchaFitalpaart 
tfthe Government^ fo conftant^ woven and mixed into 
every branch ofit^ that generally Men look upon it as a 
good fart rf their Property too\ Jince th»t^ and the Co- 
ver nmeut of the Churchy is fecured to them by the fame 
Provifion. So that it feems that^ next to Treafon a- 
gain/i Tour Sacred P^Jon, an fnvajion upon the Church 
ought to be watched and prevented by thofe who have 
tSe Honour to be trufted in the Publici A^bninifirationy 
with the ftr iff eft Care and Diligence^ as the bc/i IV ay 
to jpreferve Tour V erf on arid Government in their juft 
Dignity and Authority. 

AmxmgH all the Obfervatiows^ that may he made out 
of this Hiftoryj there feems none more' MehmchcUch^ 
than that^ ufter Jo much mifery and dejolation brought 
upon tbefe JQngaoms by that umMturaljQvilfVar^ which 
hath yet left. Jo many deep and lamentable marks ofifs 
Rage and Furyy there hofoe hitherto appeared fo few Jigns 
of Repentance and Reformation. 

Some Terfons wiU Jee^ they are dejigyid to be ex* 
cepted out of this Remark, whofe Coruiuff hath happily 
made amends for the Mftakes of their AnceftorSy and 
'whofe TkaBice in the Stations they are now in, doesjuf 
fiiently difUnguifti them. Hapfy were it for the No- 
tiouj had all the reft thought ^t tofoMow Jo good Ex^ 
umpks^ aud fiat either j£ls rflneummty OMuObtvmf 

' •'•. ' or 


df A^s y* OttKc and Favour^ w EmthymcnU tfAn^ 
thwiiy^ Bchesy and Homowr^ had hitherto been Me io 
recover man/ of them to the temper rf good S$ihje£ts. 
Thejmth tjtms oifervation is fet forth hy this Author 
in Jo Uvely a manner i that one hath frequent occajkns 
to k^ on him as a Prophet as well as an Hijiorian^ in 
fever al Tarticfdars mefUion'd in this Book. 
« That. this Remark m^ not look froward or angry ^ voitb 
ff:eat\Jnhmiffion to Tour Majejfy^ it may he eonfiderd^ 
what. can he the leaning (ftoe fever al Seminaries^ and 
as it "were Ufdverjities ^ Jet up in divers parts of the 
Jlpngdo^t by mare than ordinary Indu/lrjtj contrary to 
lAfuo^ fupported hy large Contributions \ where the Touth 
is hredupin Trincipks direSlly contrary to Monarchical 
and Epif copal Government l fVhat tan be the meaning 
of. the conftant Solemnizing by fome Jkftn^ the Anmver* 
fnry tfJhat difinal Thirtieth 0/* January, infcandabms 
Ofsd Mprobrious Fea/Hug andjeftir^y which. the Law of 
the Land hath Commanded to beperpetuaify obJerv*din 
FafUng^ and Hmmliatiin I If no fiber Man can f^ 
ary thing in the. defence ofjuch ASiimSy Jo deJbruStive 
to the very Effenife ^stbe Government^ and yet impof' 
fibk to be conduBed without much Coufultation and Ad- 
viccy it is hoped thisJlefleBion will not be thot^ht to 
have proceeded fiom an uncharitable and iS-natur d Sfi^' 
rity iut from a dutiful and tender Regard to the good of 
the Nation^ and the profperity of Tour JUaJeJly's Seipo. 

In the mean timti whether this does not look HJ^am 
induflrious Trop^ation ^ the Rebellious Trindphs of 
the laB j^e^ and on. tlM fcore render it necejfary that 
Tour Majejlj Jbotdd have an Eye toward Juch unaCf 
countable Proceedings^ is humhh fubmittedto Tour Ma^ 
Jejiyy who will nu^e a better Jui^ment upon the wboh 
than anyothers canft^eB to Ton: Ton have a greater 
Inter eh to do it \ Ton have much mere to preferve^ and 
much more to lofe ; Tou have the happinefs ofTourKir^ 
doms^ Tour Crown^ and Tour Government to /ecure, m 
a time of as great diffculties^ as ever were yet knowm^ 
under a very Expenfive fFar atprefent^ and fome Gr- 
cwfi/iances atteniSng it in relation to tbefe Nations ^ 

A 4. tVa 


fbMt maycmiimte even after M.Tb€ce\ kefiJes ti^dgw^ 
^erjf a future Separaiim cf l6e4W9 JOngdi»»s^ very 
fmcomfprji^k torefieSoH \ nx^trnhfetyin^pirehAihtf^ 
will bwe LfifiueMe'iipn thefreftnt t^tx tw^ ti^nmeeM. 
pme to be ibougkit that it is tnnkakle. • • 

Qulgiixe Xbur ^ajefiy a fafe 4mJ profpereus p^ffiige 
fhrough fo many 4ppewrattces^IiuzarJ\ Tm tan. never 
want Under takers cf iUvers /erts^ wio^ acce^Jiui^y to 
ibeir JeveralTi&ticisy will warrant 2iu S^fccefs- {r^^ 
will truft *em\ . Bi^ Tour reaf, Jki^ffinefs wHl verymmk 
depend upon Tour Jelf^ and Tour v^fo^ing;) to jFiomtur. 
with Tour Service Juci Perfons ^ are iAneB^ -Stoml^ 
UndWife. . , ' ^v. 

^^Jf Jnfermationief Times puft nu^it ufefedyfifis.Ait^ 
tior^wiM defsrve ^Ji^^r^ t^ Ct'editwitb JoH^ wAofcLMo^ 
pntMtim Mut^ExpffrJence were Jo great in Ms Ufe tme^ 
tiatsiey wiX beJBeconded in times^ to verm fur the reei 
S^nvices he-dU^JntfidestAe Hmmr^wid great firtttuet 
pnvfurd to m.^SuhfcSti of biriiugheess&md' father io 
tpeo great ^ftsensj tour key at ^Sifter wodliur Se/fi hoiik 
fo^iWeUS9^(^^^^md4fieem'>d^ify SUf^ J^^ ; both fo 
«^i^, anda^alous So do Good:, ffer i^awer indeed wot 
fkar^ Jmited a$td^dependent ; but Her Hu^ Death madk 
room for Tour Majeffy'f mxrr^ unr^rain'd andSgve>^ 
f^njiuthorkyymd rtftgn'd to Tour Self alone the rmre 
bf/httg nbfpenfatkpi ^xf thofe £leffings that captefrm 
Heaven to Tou bithi - ' 

\^Jf the benefit Ihur JUajefiyiwajt reap by the pere^al 
if this Hi/bry:,fi)dH prove jervkeairk to after timesj 
it wdH be remembir^d to the pr>mfe and honour ^ his 
Name ;.andTaur Majefty Tourfp^wHl not be dijjpieafed 
to\^llow his Memory a Jbare of^hat jfdvantage'^ nor 
be \ffended with being put in mind f that liur £nglifli 
Heart, jo happ^ ownd by Ti>ur feif^ and Aior*dby 
Tour Sub/effs,^adnot beenJoEaxkchf Eoglifii, without 
acammumcatmwith His Heart toOj than which there 
wever was one more ^devoted to the gpod of its Country^ 
food the firm \Eflabl^ment (fthe^Crown. 

^It^being'deJi^d^^ihtisD^icatimi^ to Introduoe 
fhie NiUe ^dathor molSmr1Pnefe$cet^4twouU^beeour 


.'• s ' /l 


irary to the Intentim of it to take up more of Tom Mfi 
jeft/s Time here ; // is befl therefore to leave this faith* 
ful Cotmfelhr alone with Tou. For Gods faks^ Madam^ 
4md Tour own* he pleafed to read Him with Attention^ 
andferious and frequent Refleffions ; and from t hence y 
in ConjunSlion with Tbur own Hearty prefcribe to Tour 
Self the methods of true and lafti^ Oreatnefsy and the 
folid Maxims of a Soveraign truly Englifli : That during 
this Life^ Tou may exceed in Felicities and Fame^ and 
after this life, in Reputation and Efteem^ that Gbrious 
■Predecejfor of Tour Majejiys, the Renown' d Ftrji Sem- 
per Eadem, whofe Motto Tou have chofen^ and whofe 
T^attern Toufeem to have taken for Tour great Exam' 
f>ky to Tour own Immortal Glfury^ and the Defence^ Se^ 
purity y andTrofperity^ of the Kingdoms Tou Govern. 

And Godgrmt Tou may dofo long. 



; i t f t 

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• * i. 



Hiftory of the Rebellion, g^c. 

B ^ VI. 


Gff, yefwifi Meffengersy to a Nation fcatterid and 
peeledy to a FeopU terrible from their begitmi^ 
hitherto : a Nation meted out and traden dowrtf 

. vphofe Land the I^jvert have foiled. 

Ifa. XIX. 13, 14- 
The Princej of 2ioan are become fools : 
The Lord hath mingled a perverfe Spirit in the mdfi 
thereof, \ 

4 EN cheKiagfct up his Standard ati***J»i'' 
Natthitbttii^ which was on the ayl" of JJJ^'" ** 
Aupifi, as is before rem^mber'd, beimn."*' 
' found the piace much empder than he 
J thought Che Fame of nis Standard 
' would have fuficr'd it to bej and re- 
' ceiv'd IntcHigence the next day, that 
[ the Rebel! Army, for fuch now he had' 
\ dKlared them, was Horfe, Foot, and 
Canon, U Nert/)ampte» ^ bcTidesthat 
Party which, in the end of the Fifth Book, we left at awMtty; 
whereas Hii fcw Canon and Ammunition were ftill at r#r*, 
being neither yet in an Equipage to march, though Sr Jolm 
Heydm^ his Majefty's ^ithfUl Lieutenant of the Ordnance, ufed 
all polGblc diligence to form and prepare itj neither were diere 
Foot enough levy'd to guard it ; and at iittimtlnam, bdides 
fome fcw df die Traitfd-banda, which SfjMfDigiT, the 
active SherifFof that County, drew into the ofd ruinous Callle 
there, there were not of Foot levy'd ftjr the Service yet three 
hundred Men. So thu they who were not over mucb girea 
Vol U. Part I. - wv 

i The Hiftory Book VI. 

to fear, finding very many places in that great River, which 
was look'd upon as the only ftrength and fecurity of the 
Town, to be eafily fordable, and nothing towards an Army 
for defence, but the Standard fet up, begun fadly to apprehend 
the danger of the King's own Perion. Infomuch that S^ JacoB 
JifbUj^ his Serjeant-Major-General of his intended Army, told 
him, ^ That he could not give any afluraoce agaioft his Ma« 
^'jetty's being taken out of his Bed, if the Rebels (hould make 
^'a brisk attempt to that purpofe. And it was evident, all 
the Strength he had to depend upon was his Horfe, which 
were under the Command of Prince Rupert at Jjskifitry and 
were not at that time in Number above eight hundfrcd, few 
better arm^d than with Swdrds ; whilft the Enemy had, within 
lels than twenty Miles of that place, double the Number of 
Horfe eatceilently arm'd and appointed, and a Body of five 
thoiiftDd fpoit well traifi'd and chiciplin'd ; fo that, no doubt, 
if they had advanced, they might at leaft have difperfed thofe 
few TiPoopj of the Ring's, and driven hjs Majelty to a greater 
diilance, and cxpofed him to notable hazards and inconve- 
Portrmouth W H E N Men werc alraoft confounded with this profpedt, 
hepeg'dbj his Majefty rcceiv'd Intelligence, that F^rtfmouth was fo 
the Partial ftreightly befieg'd by Sea and Land, that it would be reduced 
^g,^ m v^€ry few days, .except it were rehev'd. I* or the truth is. 

Colonel Goringy though he had fufficient warning, and Effi- 
cient fupplies of Money to put that place into a poilure, had 
rely'd too much upon probable and cafual aflidance, and neg- 
le^^ tp do that Hirolelf which a vigilant X)£ficer would hav^ 
done : and jglbeit his chief dependence was both for Mouthy 
and ProviGoos from the Ifle ofWigbty yet he W^s careleft to 
feciire thofe fmall Caftles and Block-houic^, diat guarded the 
pa(&ge.^ . which revolting to the Parliament. affixm as he de^ 
dared for the King, cut off all thofe Dependencies ; Co that he 
hadfijeither Men enough to do ordinary Duty, nor PrOvilions 
enough fo^r thofe few, for any coniiderable time. And at the 
fame tiine with this news of Pcrt/m^utb^ arriv'd certain Ad- 
vertiiements, that the Marquis of Hertford^ and all his Forced 
in the W<tft, from whom only the King hoped that Fortfnumth 
(iKXild be reliev'd, was driven out q& S^mtrfit-jbire^ where his 
Power and Interelt was believ'd unqueftionable, into J)0rfit^ 
jhfrei and th^re befieged in Shirtorm CaQle. 
The Uarquu Tff g Marquls, after, be left the King at Beverley^ by ordi- 
#f Here- nary Jouroies, and without making any long (^ay by the way, 
a^'^l came tx> Bath^ upon the very edge of Soinerfet^irty at the 
merfec- ^ ^'"* whcn the General Affixes were there held \ wber^ meet- 
(hire, &c. ing gll the coniiderable Qentlemen of that great County, and 
fixKlif^ them well afiot^.io the King's Service^ except very 


Of the Rebellion^ &c. } 

few who were fiifficiencly known, he entered into oonrulcttkm 
with theiD from wbom he was to ezpedl sdSftance, in whac 
place he Ihould moit conveniently 6x himfelf for the beccer 
difpofing the Afiedtions of the people, and to raife a fti^ngrh 
for the refiftance of any attempt which the Parliament might 
make, either againft them, or to difturb the Peace of the 
Country by their Ordinance of the Militia, which was the hrlt 
Power they were like to hear of. Some were of opinion, 
^* That Briji9l would be the fitted place, being a great, rich, 
''and populous City; of which being once po(tefled, they 
'f fhould be eafily able to give the Law to Scmerfit and Glo^ 
<' cefier-Jbin^ and could not receive any Affi-ont by a fuddain 
<' or tumultiuuj InfurreAion of the People. And if this Ad- 
vice had been tollow'd, it would, probably, have proved 'rery 
profperous. But on the contrarv, it was objeAed, ^ That it 
^' was not evident, that his Lordihip's recepaon into the Qty 
'< would be fuch as was expofted; Mr HMs being Lieutenant 
'* thereof, and having exercifed the MiUtia there; atid there 
'' being vifibly many difafiedled People in it, and fome of £mi* 
'^ nent Quality ; and if he (hould attempt to go thither and be 
'' di&ppoinced, it would break the whole Defign : Then that 
''it was out of the County oiSomerfity and therefore that they 
^ could not Legally draw that People thither i befides, that k 
*^ would look like tear and fufbicion of their own Power, tOf 
'' put themfeives into a walled Town, as if they fear'd (he 
'' power of the other Party would be able to omrefs diem^ 
'^ Whereas, except Popbam and Homery all the Gentlemen of 
'^ Eminent Quality and Fortune of S^mer/et-Jhirey were either 
'^ prefent with the Marquis, or prefum'd not to be indin'd to 
'< the Parliament. And therefore they propos'd, ^ That ff^ffs^ 
*' being a pleafant City, in the heart and near the center of 
'< that County, might be chofen for his Lordfliip's refidence. 
Which was accordingly agreed on, and thither the Marquis 
and his Train went, fending for the neareft Train*d4)ands to 
appear before him ; and prefuming that in little time, bv the 
induftry of the Gentlemen prefenr, and his Lordfhip's Repu- 
tation, which was very great, the affedions of the People 
would be fo much wrought upon, and their underftanding^ 
fo well informed, that it would not be in the Power of the Par- 
liament to pervert thera, of to make ill impreflions on them 
towards his Majeity's Service. 

Whilst his Lordfliip in this gentle way endcavour'd to 
compofe the fears and appreheniions of the People, and by 
doing all things in a peaceable way, and according to the 
Rules ot the known Laws, to convince all Men of th4 Juftice 
and Integrity of his Majefty's proceedings and Royal inten- 
tions ; the other Party, according to their ufual confidence and 


4. TheHi/iory Book VI. 

$Ox9iXfy wroug^it uoder-band co perfwade the People that the 
Marquis was come down to put the Commiffion of Array m 
Execution^ by which CommiSion a great part of the £&ite of 
every Farmer or fubftantial Yeoman Ihould be taken from 
them ; aUedging that fome Lords had fiud, ^ That twenty 
^ pounds by the year was enough for every Peaiant to live on ^ 
aiKlfo, talong advantage of the Commidion's bein^in Laci% 
tranflated it into what Englifb they pleafed ^ perfwading the 
fubftantial Yeomen and Freeholders, that at leaft, two parts 
of their Eftates would, by that Commiifion, be taken from 
them; and the meaner ami poorer fort of People, that they 
' were to pay a Tax for one days labour in the week to the 
King ; and that all (hould be, upon the matter, no better 
than Slaves to the Lords, and that there was no way to free 
and imierve therofelves from this infupportable Tyranny^ buc 
by adhering to the Parliament, and ruomitting to the Qidt- 
nance for the Militia; which was purpoiely prepar'd to en- 
able them to refift thefe horrid Invauons of their Liberties. 

It cannot eafily be believ'd, how thefe grois Infiifions ge- 
nerally prevail'd. For though the Gentlemen oi Ancient Fa- 
milies and Eftates in that County were, for the moft part, well 
afifeded to the King, and eafily difcem'd by what Faction the 
Parliament was govem'd; yet there were a People of an infe- 
rior degree, who, by good Husbandry, Clothing, and other 
thriving Arts, had gotten very great Fortunes; and, by de- 
grees, getting themfelves into the Gentlemen's Eftates, were 
angry mat they found not themfelves in the (ame Efteem^and 
Reputation with thofe whofe Eftates they had ; and therefore, 
with more induftry than the other, ftudied aU, ways to cuake 
diemfelves confiderable. Thefe, from the beginning, wer« 
faft Friends to the Parliament; and many of them were now 
entrufted by them as Deputy Lieutenants in their new Ordi- 
nance of the Militia, and having found when the People were 
ripe, gathered them together, with a purpofe on a fuddain, 
before there Qiould be any fufpicion, to furround and furprize 
die Marquis at H^Us. For they had always this advantage ot 
the King's Party and his Counlds, that thtvc Refolutions were 
no fooner pubiiDi'd, than diey were ready to be executed, 
there being an abfidute implicite Obedience in the inferior fore 
to thofe who were to Command them ; and their private 
Agents, with admirable induftry and fecrecy, prepanng all 
Perfons and Things ready againfta Call : Whereas all the Kuig's 
Counfels were, with great formality deliberated, before con- 
cluded : and tben with equal formality, and precife cautioa 
of the Law, executed; there being no other way to weigfi 
down the prejudice, that was contraded againft the Court, Init 
by the nxHt bare&K;ed publiQung all conclufions, and fitting 


of the ReheUion^ &c. 

tfaem to tint iqpparent jiiftice and reafiui) that migbt prevtil 
over the moft ordtntry underftancfiogi. 

When the Marquis was dius' in the xnidft of an Enemr 
that almoft cover'd the whole Kin^m, his whole ftrengtn 
^vasaTfoop of Horfe, railed bv Mr yvini D^il^, Sontooie 
Earl cf BM^l^ and anodier by &r Fr^ror Hm^kj (both which 
wcfe levied in choTe parts to attend the Kine in the North) 
afldaTroop of Horie and a final! Troop of Dragoons, raifed 
and armed mr & Halfh ifyftm at his own char^; and about 
looc hundred Foot ggther'd up by Lieutenant Colonel Hnnj 
JUmsfnd towards a R^mem^ which were Ukewife to have 
nardi'd to the liUng. Thefe,. with the Lord Pawletj and the 
Gendemeh of the Country , which were about eight and 
twenty dF: die prime Quahty there, with their Servants and 
Retinue made up . the Marquis's force. Then their proceed- 
ings were with that exceeding caution, that upon advertife- 
inent that .the active Minifters of the contrary party had ap- 
pointed a ' general meeting at a Town within few Miles of 
U^lby Sr Fbi^Jb^ HM&m being advifed with his fmall Troop and 
fome Voluttticr Gentlemen to repair thither, and to di(ap- 
jxiint that Convention, and to take care that it might produce 
the leaft prejudice to the King's Service; before he reach'd 
die place^ thole Gentlemen who (tay'd behind (and by whofe 
advice.the.Marqpils dioudit it.necdG&ry abfolutely to govern 
himfelf, chat tliey might lee all poffible warinefs was us'd in 
Che eintrsEQce into a War, which being once entered into, he 
well knew tDfi& Jbt carried on anotho- way) fent him word, 
^f That he IhdUld foibear any hoftile Ad, omerwife they would 
<f diiclaim iwlatfoever he ihould do. Whereas the Courage 
and Refidutioa of thofe few were (iich, and the Cowardize of 
theundifciplin'd.feditious Rabble and their Leaders was fo 
eminent, was very probable, if thofe few Troops had 
been as a&ively employ'd as their Commanders defir^d, they 
mi^t ht^^ ;able to have driven the Bi^;ots out of the 
Country , before they had My poflefled the reft with their 
owur rancour: which may be raifonablv prefum'd by what 
fbUow'd ifhottly after, when M' Digi^y 5' J^tm StMJili and 
his Sons, with fome VoluntierGendemen, being in the whole 
not above fburftorc Hoife, and;fourteen Dragoons, charged a 
mater Body of Horfe, and ahove.fix hundred Foot of die 
Kebels^.led by aMember of the.Houfe of Commons; and 
without the lofrof one Man, killed feven in the places, hurt 
very many, took their Chief Officers, and as many more Pri- 
fbners as they wOukl; and fo routed the whole Body, tbit fix 
Men kept wt togedier, they having all thrown down their 
Arnjs.. , , 

But diis good Fortune abated only the Courage of thofe 


Wbaiyd arUiia(My»tte:oditafif.fT^ ufeof ,t}ii5iiMsrtfaroit j» 
an argument of tne Aijffm^iiA'hioQdjr ftiipotej andtbne' 

ifa^itbr psindpal M^n.oBjQualiqf of that Mtftjrm^tbac Gountjr^ 

ibe.Ciirir m JBi^^> dM#v togoAor a Body cf lilQiotite mUvt 

tboii&tid.Mtfn,^ HdrfeiatldiRoot^ "widi jfodw piecei of Canofi^ 

^Mich.wirioblb^ ffjffocfdoiLdt&xjaooi. eke HiUoret iFMfcj 

where (the Mafqub^inroomfcniptof uiei%'Aqr'it Cfral dus^ bsv»- 

log iVlljE'fistrricadDed ih&rTowii;; .bat tb^ fiodiiig; (Mt the 

liowTraoifcMancbixriiidiitteiid^ huawa^ 

citlw. tqdieir owa Hoofei^ or tp their fisUows, dm the top or 

tin) Ui^^ aihi hearing that more Forcei,'JOC, at kafiybrael' 

.Ofiiccari wete coming^om the Paiiilcbent'agjunft: Um, heio- 

Ctf'»d.<ifi thd'jooon day, aiul in ebe ipice bftfaatiRebdUoiis HeHt 

Hr f^iV^i f«iroi9>lirts/& to Samkrtmi^ and finto^^Aiir^^iini^ widioat any loft 

Sherborne. ^ uoublei. Thither, nHchm twiaidays, iOaiDe toihiaLotriOnp 

Sr J^bkBerkliyiy Colonel \4fi;>hwrnb0mi andibfde. other goodt 

jQmjcrs, enca^ to have iomid acoiAierai^ ilitf|y9 if Sbleit 

had. jMen :iia other want; . Boc chey had ndt beeft^long tbepcf 

(aadie wai^nac cafy to reTcrite whithet die to go^ they hanii| 

DO icaicm tbtbeiieve tisey-fhoiilldibe any where maec wk^ome 

ttma mJStoimrfet-fbirey from whence they had been now driven) 

The Earl »f jwFJben the Ezri o£ BedfittjL General of the M^orfe' to. the Paas- 

Be<ife'd li^mtotr with Mr Hb/&y Sr t9blfir J&Mi !(»ili other Bpt^Pii^ 

7^ni him ^^ ^ cbitopleat Body of fetfei; dhoufiwd Fo^at iestf^ orderid 

^ ^ ' by OftiSfirr: J^x, their Serjeaxitr^Major-^jenki^ 

good canierience and repuxiiaon itittM.ix^lSiailoxAeB^ and 
€1^ fuiLTroops of Hone^ dnder the Omatiaidro^ GsM^ 
Frc^^ .wiciDfbur pieces of Canon^ in a^erji^dttiididieoitf^ 
page came toU^elk^ and from dadice toXfor/viwi, 'iKheiMaar'- 
qw^ f?^ this time having enoreafedbisFocK to four J^^ 
widi ,%hich; diat great i\hny was keptr.lronii ectoering' ttet 
Tovrfl,and pei:fwadedta:encaii»in the Field ibodtoteeequar- 
tera of a M2e North &om t^ieUitflie ^ where, ibrlthepre&n^ 
lye mM leare the MafcfuiaWd His great«^%gMted imla^Armj^ » 
lAlt'eaaiAncfftr be uodedtobfly wliy ttasHri^rmy did hot then 
inarth dijea^y toNMitgHimf which if It had ddbe^ hia Ma^ 
jeily'afew.FoFcesnaiftitnmetiiacely hati 'bteA4cM(tt'6i and 
himiei£fied,.or pot hinlfelf^ itttoicheir hand^ xoihicbtbere wcte 
{mou^neadytohaveadi^dhhiitodoj iM if be had ^elcw'dly 
he m^tlipve been purfued by otie Reginlei^«f Nbrietffilw 
had ^nedtthe Kifl^dom. 'Buc it f UMi^'6()d<^that thtv 
madfirhGa:/tfadileaft<advanc&t»(wardaMi«iM*ir^^^ aboot 

tbeKi8g(i»gan now n>wil)v:fhsi(:terhad ftay'd'4C r^n^i, and 
propofed his return thither: but that was not hearken'd to; 
iMl'tfa)^ whoadvifed bis {4y thcr^ijlfid iig«iaft the advance 


OftheRehelRon^ecc. i 

to limth^hsm^ Were more againft hi$ rofum tfaicher, as art 
abfoluie flighty but ar^ the advance of the Levies, and a Hr- 
lie patience, till k might be difcern'd what the Enemjf did 
intend M do. In this great anxiety, fome 6f the Lords deliredy 
^TlMt his Majeity would fend a Md&ge to the ParlisunentyT^r King 
^ with foiM overture to incline them to a Trdaty: which jj'M' **' 
propofition Was no fooner made, but moft eoiiciurrd in it^ j^n o"^ 
and no one had the confidence to oppofe it. 1 he King hitn-kyinim^ « 
felf Wtis fo ofended at it, that he declared, << He would never Mejp^tfir 
^ yield to it, and broke up the Coundl, that it nffightbe no''««^* 
kilger urttfd. But the next day^ when they met againj^ they 
renewed the faWe advice with more earndtms . The Earl m 
Uutkstitpf^^ a Perfon of great Prudence, and of a reputation 
ftt leaft equal to any Man's, preOed it, << As a thing that might 
^ do good, and could do no harm : and the King's reafons, 
with referance to the infolence it would nrife m the Rebels^' 
ind the diflxmMr thm would thereby refled upom Himfelf; 
were anfwer'd^ by fiyine « Their infolence vrould be for ttief 
« King's idvfltntage ; and when diey Ihoiikl rdeS the offlfef of 

* Fcade. wUch they believ'd they would do, they would mdttf 
«tfaem(elv«5 the more odious to the People, whd Would bef 
« thereby die more incliif d to ierve the Kinf. So that the/ 
todE it as grinre^ that the propofition would be reje&ed ; aArf 
tfadrefoftf It ou^ lobe made. It was finthev fnid, ^That his 
^Mtjefty was not $Sb\c to make refiftance; that the Forced 
^'bdOre' Shtlf&mej F^rtfrnomt^ mid 0t N^rtbMmpf^My vrcte 
^ Iteee fcveral ArrnieS) die leaft Of which would drive bia 
^Majefty ontofbisDo^tifnionSj that it was onty in tri9 pbwef 
^ to choofe^ whether, by making ft ftir ofier hitf«fdf> he would 
^feem to imke Peace, which could not but render hitn ^ety 
^gracious to the People, or fyffir hiriifelf to be takeii Ph- 
^lonerjf which he would not lone be able to avoid) whichf 
^ woukfgive his Etfefnies Power, Kepti&don^ and Author!^ 
^ u> proceed dg»nft his Majefty, and, it mig|ht be, his Pofte- 

* rttf ^ according to eheir own engiiged MaHce^ 

JEit this motive made nd iityprSlioii in htm. ^ Foi", M 
*faid, no misfemme^ of & focccjfe that might attend his en- 
^dbavMr of defending Mmfel^ could estpofe him to mortf 
« inCMVeniavcied thdn a Treaty at this time dcfired by hirny 
^, where he m^ be uAderflfood to be billing to yield to what^ 
**(bever they would require of him j aAd how modeft thtey 
** were like to be, might be judged by their Nineteen Propofi- 
^ itefl^ ^ich were tendei^dy wten their poWef could not be 
^reafenably dilderflobd to be fike fo' much to ^xce^ his Ma- 
« jeftysi as at this tirne it was^ evident it did; aftd that having 
•now tfothing fo lofe tnit his hoftour, he could be only ex- 
« cuftfble jto t!h6 world, by tifing,his induftry to the laft to op- 

VqI. H. Fart I. B "pole 

8 The Hifttny Book V. 

^pofe the Torrent^ which if it prevail'd^ wcxild ovei^belm 
^ nim. This compofed Courage and Magnanimity of his Ma- 
^ jefty (eem'd too Phiiofophical, and ab{ti:a<3ed irom the Policy 
oi fdf Prefervation, to which moft others were paffionately ad* 
diAed : and that which was the King's greatelt: di&dvantage, 
haw many foever were of his mind (as fome few, and mic 
fiew there were^) no Man durft publickly avow that he was 
lb ; a Treaty for Peace bein^ fo popular a thing, that whofo- 
ever oppofed it would be fore to be, by general conient, a 
declared Enemy to his Country. : 

That which prevail'd with his Majefty very reafonably 
then to yield (and indeed it proved equally advantageous to 
him afterwards) was, ^ That it was molt probable ( and his 
^ whole fortune was to be fubmitt^ at belt to probabilities) 
^ that, out of their pride, and contempt of the King's weak- 
^nefi and want of power, the Parliament would refiife to 
^ereat; which would be (o unpopular a thing, that, as his 
^ Majefty would hiobly oblige his People by mudng the of* 
^fer, foThey would lofe die hearu dF them by re^Aingit; 
^ wluch alone would raiie im Army for his Majefty. . Tlutt if 
^dieyjhould embrace it, the King could not but be t gainer; 
<* for by the IVopofitions which ttey ihould make to him, he 
^ would be able to ftace the Quarrel fo clearly, that it ihould 
^< be more demonftrable to theKingdom, than yet it was, that 
^ the War was, on his Majefty's part, purely defenfive; fince 
^ he never had, and now would not deny any thing, which 
^ diey could in reafoiu or juftice ask; That this very over- 
<^ture would neoef&riry produce fome paufe, and delay in 
^ their preparations , or motions of their Armies; for fome 
^ Debate it muft needs have ; and during that time, men's 
^ minds would be in fufpence; whereas his Majefty ihould be 
^ fo ikr from (lackning ms Preparations, that he might be more 
^vigorous in them, by haftning thofe Levies, for which his 
^ Gommiffions were out. For thefe reafons, and almoft the 
concurrent defire, and importunity of his Council, the King 
was prevailed with to fend the Earls oi Saiabamptowy and Dar^ 
fity Sr J%hn Colepeffety Chancellor of his Exchequer^ and 
Sr Wittiam Udail ( whom his Majeftv g^ve leave under that 
pretence to intend the buGnefs of his own fortune ) to the 
two Houfes with this MeO&ge, which was fent the third day 
after his Standard was fet up. 

fcndttoiht . «We have, with unfpeakable grief of heart, long beheld 
[jy*;^;/ « the diftraOions rfthis our Kii^dom. Our very Soul is fiiU 
FScfly7bt^^^^^ until We may find fome remedy to prevent the 
IS4W «/ ^ Miferies, which are ready to overwhelm this whole Nation 
soat^mp- ((by a Qvil War. And thougfi all our Endeavours, tending 

^to thecompoGng ofdiofe unhappy diflkreooei betwixt Ut 
<< and our.two Houfet of P^litmenc (tbou^i»ufued bj Ui 
'< witb'att zeal and finccrity ) have beahi^erto without that 
^fiiocds Wehopedfbr; yecfuchss ourcof^hmt flod carncft 
^< care CO prefcrve the publick Pteace^ that We IbUl not he 
^difixNiraged finom ufing any expedient, ^whicb, by the bleOiDg 
^ of the God of Mercy, may lay a finn fbundation of Peace 
^aad Happiaefi to all our good Sufaje&s. To i;bia aoid, ob« 
" fendng that imny milfadcef have arifen by (^ Meflages^ Pe» 
'^ titions, and Anlwers, betwixt Us and our two Houies c£ 
'^Parliament) which happily may be prevented by ibme other 
^ way of Treaty, wherein the matters in diflfenence may bq 
^ more dearly underftood, and more freely traoiadled ; We 
^baye thought fit to prbpound to you, that fome fit Perfons 
'^ may be by You enabled to treat with the like number to be 
^ Authoriled by Us, in fucb a manner, and with fuch five* 
'Mom qf Ddbate^ as may beft tend to that happy oonclufioa 
'^wbich all gcxxl Men defire, the Peace of the Kingdom* 
^ Wherein, as We promife^in the word of a Kin^ all (afety 
^ and encouragement to fudi as (hall be fenc unto Us, if You 
^ fhall cbooie the place where We are, fiov die Treaty, wfaicii 
'< We wbolely leave to You, prefimiine the like care of the 
'< ftfery of dx)re We (ball Employ, ifrouOiallnameaiiotber 
'^ place ^ fo We affiire you, and all our good SubjeOs, rhac^ 
'^ to the beft of our underfianding, nothing Oiall be therein 
^wanting on our part, which mav advance the true Proteftant 
^ Kelson, oppole Popery and Superftition, iecure the Law 
^of the Land (upon whidi is built as well our juft Preroga* 
^ tive^ as Ae Propriety and Libertv of the SubjeA ) confirm 
^' all juft Power and Pnvileges of Parliament, and render Ui 
^anaour People truly happy by a good underftanding betwixa 
^ Us and our two Houfes of Parliament. Bring with you as 
**fiim Refidutions to do your Duty; and let all our good 
^* People k)yn with us in our Prayers to Alm^ty God, foe 
^ his Bleffing upon this work. If <his Propofition mall be re* 
^ jeAed by you. We have done our duty 10 amply, that God 
^ will abfolve Us fitxn the Guilt dFany of that Blood which. 
^' moft be fpilt ; aiui m^ opinion ibever other Men may have 
^' of our Power, We afiiire you nothing but our Chriftian and . 
^ l^ious care to prevent the effiifion of blood, hath begot thii 
^^ motion; Our Provifion of Men, Arms, and Money, being 
^^ fiich as may fecure Us from farther Violence, till ic pleafes 
^ God' to open the Eyes of Our People. 

' T HI sMeffige had the fiune reception liiiMigeftybeUev^d^^^ 
it woqld have; and was indeed recdv^d with unheard of i^T^r^Mi^ 
feknce and Contempt. Forthe Ejulot S$9i$kimi$9n^ andS' 

B % y^hM 

1t> > The Hi/kry. Book VI. 

f^fmCriif9ff^iMmn^^ to appetrdiQinfdTesbeforeiByno^ 
ti^ihouldWvcoftk^ir conuag^tntdc fiichhifte^ that cbey 
^were at mftmM k r ia Hie Mormog fliorcly after the Houfes 
iBbttc. The £avl of l#«#iiM^piM weot into the Houfe 
ii^ere he WAS fctroa flit down ilk his places when, with great 
MEkm, he wu called upon to withdraw^ albeit he told them 
fl^had a Mefflnge to them from the King^aod ttere could be 
no exception to his Lontfhip'a fitttns in die Houfe upon their 
pwn gfoundi) he hftving had leave from the Houfe to attend 
his Majeify. However be waa conipell'd to withdraw ;. and 
Aen ttey ftnr the Oentlemeii Uflierctf the Houfe to bim^ to 
fe^Viire his MeOlge} which Us Lordfhip ftid. he waa bf the 
Khk's Gominand'ito deliver himfel^ and remied therefiore to 
fend it, except thi Lords made an Qcder that he Ibould ooe 
deliver it hinSftlf ) which thejr did} and thereupon he icnt it 
to them; ^nAaxk they no iboner leceivV!, than they ibnt him 
#oM, ^ That be fliould^at his Peril, immediately d^rc the 
^ Town, and that they would jEake care that their.Anfwer to 
^the Meffigfr (hould be fent oohim^ And (b the fiarlof 
AMf^hrniipfMr depuied the Towh^ rcpoCing Unifelf at the 
Hpufii of a NbMe Feribo feveo or eiehc miles off Whilft the 
Bttrl had tM^ skirmiOi with the Loids, S' Johm Cfbftfffr at^ 
tended the Commont , forbearix^ to go into the Houfe ndth^ 
out leave, becauft there had been an Order (which if men*' 
tion'd'beKNrtf) thii ail the Members^ who were not prefeot at 
fiicHadfty, (hould not prefiime to fit there, till thoy hid piitt 
a hundred P^di^ and g^en tihe Houfe latisfii^oo mthc 
caufe of their aM^iico^ But he (ent word to the Speaker^ ^ That 
^he had a Meflft^e from the Kihg to tfaeok and titm be. do- 
^4red (oddtvep ic hi his place in the Houie. After fi)0|iQ de- 
hate f for there reaiitt'd yet fome, wba thou^t ic as unrea- 
imable as itie|iilAr-to deny a Member of the Houfe^ agunft 
wtiom there had not boeo tbe ieajd auUick obje^cin, MUl a 
Aivy CeunfeUor who had bcenin ait times ufed ihofe with 
gri^ refped^ teaVe to delivera Meflisge from the Kis^ in his 
$vm pHce a$ a Member V it was sbfohitely refglv'fi, ^ Thai he 
<^fliQuId norfirin the Houfe, butxhac.lm (hould. deliver his 
^Meflage a.t ^he fittr, and imme^eiy^A/rithdrsw j wbioh he * 
oidaccordii^fw ' " 

'^ Then the.twb Houfes met at a Conference, and re^d tho 
King's Me(&g& with great, fuperoiioulheft; and wilhia ^wo 
days, with lela difficulty and ^raifinon than caa b« b^Uev^d, 
agreed upon their AnAi<9r. The King's Mcflengfn^ ifk the 

«^^eaa tirn^ though of that Quality, did not receive ordinary 
dviiities fi^dmimy Members Neither Hioufe ; th(^ who iwcre 

: ^ery willing to have done it, not daring for their owo ffil^ 
to covne near ihem^ and the^ oehcr% looking upon tbeo^^ 
** .». I Servants 

Of the RehelRM^ &c. \\ 

SbrtamsfotMafleriPbonthav^fatd^flindipe^ roop«> 

{Mreft. Private Conferences ther had wkh fotne of tbe prio^ 
dpil Go^emoim ; from whom ttiey rebcit'd no oclier advioe^* 
hue chaL If Che King h|d any care of HinMI'or bit Pofterttrir 
be (tmAA imnediatehr come to Z#»/n^. throw himfelf into 
the Arms of hit Parliament, and Gompiy wiib whatfoever: 
di^ pfopofed. The Anfiiper which ddey remnl'd to tbeKinfT 

Thi AiffiHt #f tht lAtJi 09d Cmnmns. to hit M^jefif/lt 

Mijpfgt tftho i^cb J^AugMft 164.1. ... ,. :i 


" May it pleafe your Majefty ; 
^THg Lorda and Commona, in Parlitaiettt adembltfd, TTi^wi*^ 
<^ having received your Majeft/a Mefiage of the %^^ ai .^n^fi"'' 
^*/^, do with much grief refent the dangerous and diitraaid^ 
<^ Stare of this Kingdom;, which we. have by •)! mean4 en-^ 
^ deavour^d to prevent, both by our fcveral Advices and Pe^ 
^titiptu to your Maj^^ which hath beeanOt only wfth^- 
^ out fuccefs, but there- bath foUow'd diet which no ill CoM«' 
^f M in former Times faoife pcodnred, or^iy ^e hath (oety 
^ liamely cbofe feveral PratlmatioDs and: DedaFations a^usn ' 
^bbtb the Houfes of PariiaiBeflft, wherebf their/Adtiodaare' 
'^decbr'd TreaTcnaMe,; and dieir Perifatt Ti»|rtora. AUd 
^ thereupon your Mkjmy Uaifa fet np^.jnllt Standard agaikt 
^ them, whereby you mwmmt die c^y Houlcaof Parliamenr,' 
^ and. in Them, this wholGAJngdomy out of jrditr ProteOion}' 
^foOM until your MtjAj fhaU reQaUtfaOfc'lProdamacfona' 
^andf Declarations, wh^tieby the EaiLof.l^^ atxiboth- 
^ Houfea of Parliatnent, and dieir Adfaemma, and ABiRaaa^^ 
^' and fiieh as have oNeyd and executed theic Conmiands and 
'< DireStoM, according^ to their Dmiesy am declar'd Tr^-* 
'^torsor otherwife Dehnraents: andootilthe Standard, fct= 
^ up in purfuance of ch^ find Proclamation^; be taken domu' 
^ your Majefty hatb put us into focb a Cobdicton^ that wbUir 
<^ we ft) remain, we cannot, by the iundamental Privilegn of 
*• Parliemant, the Publidt Truft repdfadnaus,. or.witb tSse^ge^ • 
<^ neral good and fafety of this Kingdom,, give your MajSy* 
« ^y other Anfwer to this Meflage. 

When the King's M^fiengers returned. widi this Anfwer 
to Nettmgham^ all Men faw to what they mult truft ; and the 
King believed, he fiiouid be no farther moved to make Ad«* 
drefles to them. And yet 1^ hopes of an Army, or any ability . 
to refift that violence, leem'd fo deiperat e^ that he was privately 
advifed by fome, whom he truiled as much as any, and tho& 
whofe aftedtions were as entire to him as any Mens, to give all 

B ) Q^ki^T 

ii V TbeHiflory Book VI. 

oAer though wer^ and inOancb to make all imagiiiable.hafle 
to Lmubmy' and to j^ipear in tne F^liament HoufQ before 
tfaejr had any expeAation of him. And the^ conceiv'd tberc 
would be more'likdyhobd for him to prevail that way, than 
by any Army he was like to raife. : And it mufi: ix folely 
imputed to his Majefty's own Refolution, that he took not 
that courfe. However he was contented to make lb much 
farther ufe of their Pride and Paffion, as to give them ecca* 
Con, by another MeflSige, to publifh more of it to the People j 
and therefore, within three oays after the return of his Me(- 
lengerSy l^e fent the Lord Falkland^ his Principal Secretary of 

Scate^ widi a Reply to their Anfwer in thefe words. 

.■ ■ ■ I 

ht Ki»g ^ We will not repeat, what means we have ufed to pre- 
^uHr ^ ^®°^ ^ dangerous and diftraded Eiiate of the Kingdom, 
^ ii£^' ^ "^^ ^^^ *^ means have been interpreted ; becaufe, being 
'iV«f • '^ "deOrous to avoid die effiifion of Blood, We are willing to de- 
^ dine all memory of former bittemefi, that might render our 
^ ofier of a Treaty lefs readily accepted. We never did de- 
^ dare, nor ever intended to dedtfe^ both our Houfes of Par- 
^< liunent TraytQrS) <»* fet up our Snmdard againft them j and 
^^much left to put them and this Kingdom out of our Pro* 
^ teOion. We utterly profeft againft it before God, and the- 
^< World ; and farther to remove all poflSble Scruples, which' 
^ may hinder ;tbe Treaty fo much d&r'd by us. We hereby, 
^'proiniie, lo diat a' day be appointed by you for the revok- 
^f'tok of ]f our Declarations i^ainft all Perions as Traytors, or- 
^otherwife, for affifting va^ We ihall with all chearfiilnc^ 
^ upon the fiune day, recall Our Proclamations and Declare 
^ dons, and take down Our Standard. In which Treaty, We 
^ (hall be ready tp grant any tfaii^ that (hall be reaUy for 
^ the good of our Subjedb : Conjuring you to cooiider the 
^ bleeding Gondition ixlnlamdj and the dangerous Condition 
^ of BffgimJy in as high a d^ree, as by thefe Our oSers 
^* We have dedar'd our Self to do. Andf aOiiring you, that 
^ our chief de(ire in this World, is to beget a good imder- 
^Handing, and mutual Confidence bcfwixt Us im Our two 
'^ lioufes of Parlij^ment, 

This Me(&ge had no better effeOu or reception than the 
former^ dieir Prindpal Officers being (etit down fince thehdt 
MeflSige tp Norttamptou to put the Army into a readineis tO: 
inarch. And now they requir'd the Earl of Ej[ix hiipfelf to 
make hafte thither, that no more time might be \o% (ending 
bjrdiel^prd 90fkkmd^ vn^m cwodays, this Anfwer tpthQ 

Of the Rehellion, &c. ig 


To cbe King's moft Eicellcnt MajeOy ; 

Tte htmik Amfwt mrni Vitttivn •ftbf Lmds Mtd Commvm 
Mjjimtkiin PMrtismewty unto tie Km£s Ufi Mtjjkgf* 

^ May it pleafe your Majefty : 

^I F Wc, the Lords and Commons in Parliament aflembled, nm m«i- 
^'Oiould repeat ail the ways We have taken, the endeavours Aptr. 
^ We have ufed » and the expreffions We have made unto 
<^your Majefty, to prevent thofe diftrafiions, and dangers, 
^ your M^ty (peaks of. We fhould too much enlarge this 
^ reply. Therefore , as We humbly, fo DuOl We Only let 
^ your Majefty know, that We cannot recede from our for- 
^ mer Anwer , for the reafbns therein exprefs'd. For that 
^your Majefty hadi not taken down your Standard, recalled 
^ your Proclamations and Declarations, whereby you have de- 
^ dar'd the Adions of both Houfes of Parliament to be Tresr 
^ fbnable, and their Perfons Tray tors; and you have publilh* 
^ed the &me Gnce your MeC&ge of the lych of Auguftj by 
^ your late Inftrudbons fent to your Commiffioners of Ar- 
<<ray ; which Standard bein£ taken down, and the Dedara- 
^ tion&^ Proclamations^ and Inftrudions recalled, if your Ma- 
^ jefty fliall then, upon this our humble Petition^ leaving vour 
^Forces, return unto your Parliament^ and receive their niidi- 
^ ful Advice, your Majefty will find fucb expre(fions of our Fi- 
^ delities, and Dutie^ as inall fliliire you, that your Safety, Ho- 
^ nour, and Greatneis, can only be rcund in the AffcOtons of 
^your People, and thefincere GounTels of your Parliament; 
'< whole conftant and undifoxir^ed Endeavours and Confulta- 
^ tions- have pitied througli difficulties unheard of, only to 
^ fecure your Kingdoms from the violent mifchiefe and dan* 
^ gers now ready to fall upon them, and every part of them ; 
^ who deferve better of your Majefty, and can never allow 
^ themfelves ( reprefenting likewife your whole Kingdom ) 
^ to be ballancea with thofe Perfons, whofe defperate Uifbo- 
^ Qtions and Counfels prevail ftilt to interrupt all our Emfcih 
^ vours for the relieving of bleeding InUma^ as we may fear 
^ our Labours and vaft Expences will be firuitlefs to ttett di« 
^ ftreffed Kingdom. As your Preience is thus humbly de- 
^^fir'd by Us, fo it is in our hopes your Majefty will in your 
^< reafon beUeve, there is no other ^ay than this, tQ make 
^ your Majefty 's felf happy, and your Kingdom fafe. 

And left this Overture of a Treaty migjht be a means to 
allay and coropofe the diftempers of the People, and that the 
hope and expedition of Peace might not diOiearten their 

B 4 Party 

14 The mfl&ry Book VI. 

Party, in their preparations and contributions to the War, the 
fame day c}icy ^isnc their kA Anfwer to the King, they pub- 
iiOi'd this Declaration to the Kingdom. 

sratitn to 

<' Wh b r e a s his Majedy, jo a Meflage receiv'd the fifth 
tufts De- <i of se/>femikr ^ requires that the Parliament would revoke 
T^h/' " ^^^^^ Declarations againft fiich Perfons, as have jafliftcd his 
m- '^Majeily in thi^ unnatural Wur agfunft his Kingdom; it is 
. . ?fhis day order'd and declared by the Lord^ and Cbnipoos, 
^ that the Arms, which they hs^ve be^A fqrged to (akc up> 
^ and iliaU tie forced to take up, for the prefervatioQ of the 
¥ Parliament, Religioi^ the lUws and Liberties of th^ King- 
^fiomj Ihall not be laid down, uutil his Msjefty (hall wim* 
<i draw hii Pcoc«Clion from fiich Pcribn^ as bfive been Voted 
^by both Hoi^es (o be Delinquents, or that QiaU |>y both 
f Houfes be Voted «e bq Delinquents, and (hti\ leave them to 
^ the Jultice pf' the Parliament to be proceeded with accovd- 
^>ing to their demerit; to the. end that both this and fuccecd- 
*^ing GeneratioAB may take warning, ^»th what danger they 
^ incur the like heifious Crimes : and alfo to the end dutt 
<^.Cho(i3 great Ctorgfis and Damages, wherewith all the Coip- 
<iliu>n^wealth hath been burdenVl in the preoufes , iince hi» 
^ Majefty's departure from the Parliament, may be bom by 
^.tbe Delinquent^,: mvl other Maligoant and Di&fieded Per- 
^i^9 ; and chat f U his MajeQy s good and well afieded Sub- 
<< je<3;s, who I^ Loayi of Monies, or other wife at their Charge, 
<<bave ai&ilM the Common-wealth, or Uiail in like manner 
^.beveafter a0ift the CoipiivHVweAlch in Hipe of extreme 
^danger, may be repay 'd all -Surps of Money lent by them 
^ for thofe puf poles, and be fatisfied their Charges fo fimain'd, 
<f out of the Eltatea of the faid Delinquents, and of the Mar 
^f lignant and diftfiedled Party in this Kingdom. 

'.This Dedaratjon $d the King no harm; for befides that 
it was evident to all Men, that the King had done whatfoever 
was in his power, of eoiAd be expe^ed from him, for the 
pievemion of a Civil War, all Perfi^s of Honour and Qua- 
lil^ plainly difcern'd ihat they had no fafety but in the pre- 
iervation of the Regal Powet, Qfice their t^tutea were already 
dtfpofed of by them who coqld declareivhom they would De- 
linquenis, and would infallibly declare' all fuch whoMd not 
QQivwr'd with them. And tbe^dvaatage the King r-eceiv'd 
by thofe Overtures, and *e pride,, frowardneft, and petverf- 
ncfs of the Rebels , is not imaginable ; his Levies of Meii, 
and all Qilwt pre{>^tioaa fpr the Wary bemg Inciredibly ad- 
vanced Iroro. the t^me of his firft Mefl^e^ Prince Bufitrt lay 
ftMi wiiJi ^. 'Hpisfe. a( f^ejlgri ;u^ though. He^ wd fome 

. . of 

Ofthe IRehelhon, &c. i|r 

of the Principt) Officers wi;h him, were difcohteneed^to tbat 
deffree, upon the King'i firft Meffige and 'defireof aTretty^ 
as likely not only todeftroy all hopes of raifing an Army, but 
to Sacrifice thofe who wereraifed,- that they were not wiriiouc 
fome th(Ni^ts^ at leaft difcourfes, of ofienng violence lo th6 
Principal Advuers of it, he now found his Numbm increafed| 
and better refblVd by it ; and from T^k^fhm^ Umc^hhjhire^ 
and Staff^rirflMM^ came very good recruits of Foot ; fo that 
his Cannon wd Munidon being likewife come up frotn T^rk^ 
within .^enty days his NunS)eTS began to look towards 
an Armv; and there was another Air in all Mens Faces; yet 
M^fngAM feem'd not a good Poft for his Majdty to itay 
longer at ; and therefore^ about the middle of Seftemher^ the 
Earl of Ej/i* boing thcna with his whole Army at Nfrthamftsm^ 
his Majeity marcn'd from Nottbtgham to DirJ^; being not 
then rdblvYI' whither to bend his cour& , to SknwsSBij or "^ 

Cbiferj not well knowing the temper of thoTe Towns, in • 

botn whidi the Parliament Party had been very a&ive ; but 
reiblving to fit down near the borders of -l^^iSr/, where the 
Pbwer of the Parliament had been leaft prevalent, and where 
Ibme Regifucncsof Foot were Levyiog fot his Service. Be- 
fore his leaving Vknkigbim^ as a nurewel to bis hopes of a 
Treaty, and tp make the deeper leBfe'and..tmpfsaffiori, in the 
Hearts of the Pieople, of thoie whd had fo peninacioufly re- 
jected it, his MajcOy fent this Maifig^ to the Hoi^f^. 

*^ Who have taken moft ways, ufedrooft endeavours, and •^^w^^ 
^made mdl real expreflions to prevent the ptefent diftra-^^'^j^^ 
** ^ons and dangers ; lee all the World jucke, as well by for- j(^ ^/^n,^ 
^ mer pa0a^s > as by Our twp laft N4emge6, which ' have tw Houfis, 
^ been fo miidefi, that, though We have descended to ^tRre '^ y^j '• 
^ and prcfe it, not fo much as a Treaty can be obtatn'd j un- '^ ^^' 
*< left We would denude Our fclf of all force to defend Us ' 
^ from a viGbte (l-Fengch marching againft us ^ and admip thofe 
^PerfoBS as Tray tors to us, who, according to thenr-Duty, 
^ their Oaths of Allegiance, and the Law, have aippear'd m 
'< defenceof Us, their King and Liege Lord ( whom We are 
" bound in Confcience and Honour to pr eferve ) though We 
<< difclaim'd all Our Proclamations, and Declarations, and the 
^ ereding of our Standard^ as againft our Parliament. All We 
" have now left in our Power, is to exprefe the deep fenfe 
" We have of the Publick Mifery of this Kingdom, in which 
"is involved that of Our diftrefled Proteftants of Irtland^ 
" and to apply our felf to our neceflary defence, wherein We 
**wholeJy rely upon the Providence of God, the Jtiftice of 
" our Cau(e^ and the Aflfedlion of our good People ; fb far 
J' We are from putting them out of our Prowilidn. When' 

%6 Tk^Hiflory Book VI. 

^▼ouOiill defire aTretty of usjp We (hall pioufly remem« 
^ oer, wiioTe Blood is to be fpilc in this Quarrel, and cbear- 
^ fully embrace it. And u no other realon induced us to 
^leave our Qty of Lmuhn^ but that, with Honourand Safety 
^ We could not ftay there; ncNrto raife any Force, but for 
^ the neceflBury defience of our fieribn and the Law^ againft 
^Levies in oppoficion to both; fo We (hall (iiddainlv and 
^ moft willingly return to the One, and disband the Other^ 
^ aSE)on as thole Caufes {hall be remov'd. The God of Heaven 
*^ dire£t you, and in mercy divert thofe Judgement^ which 
^ handover this Nation; and fodeal with us, and our Po- 
^ flenty, as We deGre the preforvation, and advancement of 
^ the true Proteftant Religion ; the Law, and. the Liberty of 
^the Subjefi; the jufl: Rights of Parliament, andthePeace 
** of the JiQMdom. 
n« Kr»; When the King came to Qtrty^ he receiv'd clear infbr-* 
^TJ^' " mation frpm the well afifeacd Party in SbrevfsSmyy that the 
^' Town was at His devotion ; and tteit the very Rumour of hi» 
Majefty's purpofe of coming thither , bad driven away all 
thofe who were rooft inclined to Sedition. • And therefore^ as 
well in regard of the ftiong and pkaiant Situation of it (one 
fide being defended by the j^fwnn,. the other having a fecure 
paflage into iFabs^ die Confines of Jkbrntgrnmery^/birg extend- 
mg very near the Town ) as for the Conemondence with 
Uwcejhr.^ of wfaidi City he hoped well, and mat by his be- 
ing at Sm^&msturyy he (bould be as well able to fecure chefier^ as 
by carrying his whole Train b &r North ; befides tmit the 
other might give fome apprehet^n of his goii^ into IreUmd^ 
which h^ teen formerly mentioned, hisMajefiy reiblv'd for 
Chat Town, and, after one days ftay at IHriy^ by eafy marches 
he went thither, drawing his whcde fmall Forces to a Ren* 
dttvous at Wettingf^my a days march ihort of Sbr^wsSury ; and 
that being the firft time thit they were toother, his Majefty 
dien cauled his Military Orders for the Difcipline and Go- 
vernment of the Army, ro be read at the Head of each Regi- 
ment ; and then, which is not fit ever to be forgotten, putting 
bimfeU* in the middle, where he might be beft heard, not 
much unlike the Emperor TraJMUj who when he made Sutm 
Great Mar^ of the Empire, gave him a Sword, (aying, ^Re- 
^ ceive this Sword of me, and if I command as I ought, em- 
The King^t ^ ploy it in my defence; if I do otherwife, draw it againft 
Speech and « me, and take my Life firom me, his Majeihr made this Speech 

at the Head 

after the '^ G B N TL E M BN, you have heard thofe Orders read : it 

readu^ hit ^1$ your part, ^n your feveral places, to obferve them ex- 

ord^f ef €( gaiy ; the time cannot be long before We come to. Adtjon, 

**"• , « therefore 

of the Rehelihn^ &ic. 17 

^^tberefore you have the more reaibn to be careful; mid I 
^mu(t tell you, I (hall be very fevere in the puniming of 
^ thofe, of what Condition foever, who tran^efs thefe In- 
^< ftru&ions. I cannot fufpeft your Coun^ and Refolution ; 
^' your Confdence and your Loyalty hath brought you hither^ 
<' to Fight for your Religioo, your King, and the Laws of 
^ the uaid. You (hall meet with no Enemies but Traytors^ 
^ moft oi them Brawmffsj AmsisftsHsj^nd Atkeifis i fuch who 
^ defire to deftroy both Church and State, and who have al* 
^ ready ccHidcmn'd You to ruin for being Loyal to Us. That 
^ you may. fee what ufe I mean to make ot your Valour if 
'^it pleafe God to blefs it with fiiccefi, I have thought f!t 
^ to publiQi my Refolution to you in a Proteftation ; which 
^ when you have heard me make, you will believe you can- 
^ not Fieht in a better Quarrel j in which I promife to live and 
^ die with yog; 


T H E. ProteOation his Majefty was then plea(ed to make, 
was in thefe words. 

^* I do promife in the prefence of Almighty God, and as I 
^ hope for his Bleffing and Protefiaon, that 1 will, to the ut* 
^ voolBt (rf* my power, defend and maintain the true Reform'd 
<<Pix>teflant Reh'gion. eftabliOi'd in the Church ^EngUmdi 
^«nd, by the grace ot God, in the iame wiU live and cue. 

^1 detare to govern by all the known Liws of the Land, 
^and that the Liberty and Property of the SubjeSi, may be 
^ by them preferv'd with the fame care, as my own juft Rights. 
^ And if it pleafe God, by his Blef&ng upon this Army, raifed 
^ for my neceflary defence, to preferve me from this Rebel- 
^lion« I do folemnly and &ithfully promife, in the fi^t of 
^ Gooy to maintain the juft Privileges and Freedom of Par- 
^liament, and to govern by the known Laws of the Land to 
^ my nxmoSk Power ; and particularly, to obferve inviolably 
^ the Laws confeoted to by me this Kirliament. In the mean 
^ while, if this time of War, and the great neceflity, and 
^ ftiaits I am now ^riven to, De£et any violation of tnofe, I 
^ hope it Ihall be imputed by. God and Men to the Authors oi 
^ this War, and not to Me : who have fo eameftly labour'd 
^ for the prefervation of the Peace of this Kingdom. 

^ When 1 willingly £ail in thefe particulars, IwillexpeA 
^ no aid or relief from any Man, or Protedtion from Heaven.' 
^* But in this Refolution, I hope for the chearful afliftan^e of 
<^ all good Men, and am confident of God's Bleffing. 

This Proteftation, and the manner and folemnity of 
inaking it, gave not more life and encouragement to the little 
Army, tjm U did comfort aodlatisfaftion to the Gentry and 


18 Tht nyioty Book VL 

Inhabitants of thofe ^arts; into whom the Parliament had ih- 

ftifed, that, if his Mafcfty prevailed by Force, he wouId> with 

the fame Power, tbolifh all thofe good Laws, which had been 

made this Parliament; id that they look'd upon this Procefta- 

rion. as.a inore atnpic .ieturity for their enjoying the benefit 

of thofe A6ls, tiiah , the Royil ASent he had before given. 

And a more general, and paSidnate expredion of afieoions 

cannot be imagined, than he receiv'd bj the People of thoftr 

^^t^ Counties of Deriy, StafftfrJ^ arid Shf0f-fi>irey as he pafftd ; or 

^g^^* a better reception, than he found at Shreihtuffi mto wnich 

bur/. Town be entered gn TuepUy rte ±<y^ of SepteMfr. 

I T will be, and was ihitti, wondered at, that fince the Ru> 
liament had a full and well ibrm'd Artriy, before the King had 
one full kegiment, and the Ea^l of Effex was Him'felf come 
to Ndrthampton^ fbme chys before his Majefty #ent from N^f- 
tingham^ his Lordlhip neither difquieted the King whilft hrf 
flay'd there, .fior gjive him any difturbance in his March to 
Shre'wsiury^ yFr)^\c\i if he had done, he tnJghr eiAicr have 
taken him Prjfpner, or (b dilberfed his frridll PbW^, that \t 
would never* have been poffibfc for him to have gotteb an 
Army together. But as the fiarl had not yet received his In- 
firudtions, fo they, upoti whom he depended^ avoided thac^ 
expedition dut of mfeer Pride, and Contempt hS the King^sr 
Force? J and upon a prefumprion, that it would noi be pofliWef 
for him to raife fuch a f dwer, as.would be able to look their^ 
Army in the fece j but that, when he had in Vain tried alf 
other Ways, and thofe, i^o hot only fblloVd him upon their 
own Charges, but fupported tiibfe who were not abre td beaf 
their own (for his Army was maintained afnd paid by rheNo- 
bifiQf and G^try, who ferv'd likewife in their own PerfonsJ 
were grown weary and unable longer to bekr that burden, 
his Adajefty would be forced to put himfelf into Their Armi 
for Proteaiori and SubGftence: and fuchaViSory without 
blood h^d crown'd all their ctefigns. And if their Artny, 
\iWjicJj they pretended to raife only for theirdefence, ^nd fof 
the ikfety or the King]s Peiifon^ had been- able to prevent the 
KiWs raifing any, or if the King, in that Mdancholick con- 
jQnctQre at Kotthgham^ bad returned to msHte-Hail^ he bad 
juflificd all their Proceediiigs, and could never after have re- 
fhftd to yield to whatfoever they propofed. 

And it. is rooft certain, that the Common Srfdiers of their 
Aritiy were generally' p^rfwadcc^ that they fhould never, be 
brought to Fight; but tHai^'the King was in truth little better 
than toprifpn'd by evil Counfellors^Malignants, Delinquents, 
and Cavaliers (the terms applied to his whole PartyJ and 
would gladly cqtoe tb his Parliament if he codld break from 
that Company; which lie woaht undoubtedly doj if their Ar- 

of the Rebellion^ &c. 19 

xny came once to fiich a diftaoce^ that his Majefty might make 
aQ efcape to them. In this kind of difcoune they were lb 
fottitli, that they were jperiwaded, that thofe Perfons of whoie 
' Piety, Honour, and Integrity, they had received heretoA>re 
the greateft Teitimony^ were Now tum'd Papids \ and thac 
the (mall Army, and Forces the King had, conGiW of no 
other than Papiits. Infomuch as truly thdfe of the Kind's 
Part)^ who promiTed themfelves any fupport, but frpm tne 
comiprt of tneir own conldences, or rehed upon any other 
means than from God Almighty , could hardly have made 
their expedations appear reaKwaole; for his Enemies were in 
a manner pofleOed of the whole Kingdom. 

Portsmouth, the ftrongeft and bed fortified .Townr«/fii«/6o: 
then in the Kingdom,was furrcnder^d to them \ Colonel darimg^ ]^8 f^* 
about the beonning of Stftentiir^ thougji he had feem'd to ^^^ 
be fo long refoly^d, and prepared to exped a Siege, and had 
been fupplied with Moniea according to hjs owQ propofid^ 
was broumt (b low, that he gave it up, only ib'r liberty to 
pwnlportHin^elf beyond Seas, and for his C^Ecers to repair 
to Che King. And it were to be wifh'd that there might be no 
pore ocg£on to mention him hereafter, after (his repeate4 ' 
treachery ^ and that his incomparable dexterity and iag^city 
had not prevailed fg far over thof^ who had oecn fo ofipa 
Reived by him, as to mak^ it abfolutely neceC&ry to ijpeak 
at laige d tdm, jcnore than oocc, before this diicourie comesi 
to an end. 

Xhg, Marquis of Unif$fd^ though he had fo much diCbre- the M^r- 
dited the ^%rl of Beifori% Soldiery, and difbearten'd his great V^ '/ 
Armyii th^t the Earl f after lying in the FieW four or fivc^^°^^ 
^fi8!hts within le& than Canon (not of the Cdtle^ and Town, i]| th* \^& 
and after having refufed to 6g^ a duel with the Marquis, to 
which he provoked him by a Challenge) fent 9 John Nonot^ 
under pretence of a Treaty, and the Godly care to avokl the 
fffi^n cf Chriftian blood, inplain Efjt^b to xldire ^ That 
^ he might fairly and peaceably draw onhia Forces, and paarck 
*^ away ; the which, now realooable a rcouieft foever it was, 
thft Maquis refufed ; fendi^ them word> ^ That, as they came 
'^ thither upon their own CounTels, fo they (hould get ofifas 
^^they coukl: and at Ult chev did draw ofL and march above 
a doiea miles for repoie y leaving the Marquis , for fome 
week^ u»tifturb'd at Sierli§nf9 : yet when he heard of the 
)o6 of Pm^tjmuthy the relief whereof was his principal bufi- 
nieft, and fo tt>at thofe Forces would probably b^ added to the 
Earl c^ BfJffrJ^ wi by their fucceis give much courage to 
bis baOiflll Army> and that a good Regiment, of Horfe, which 
he exposed (for Sr jM^m Byrcm had fent him word from Ox* 
ftrd^ thafi he would march towards him) was retired to the 

Kmg J 

10 The Hiftory Book VI. 

Kine; tnd that the Committees were now fo bufy in the fe- 
Verai Counties, that the People, in all places, declared for the 
Parliament; and more particularly fome ftrong and populous 
Towns in Somerfet-Jhin ; as Tamrt^my Wellinffon^ and Dtmfisr* 
Caftle: by reafon whereof it would nor be poflible for hiro to 
increw his ftrengch, he refolv'd to leave Sherhrmej where his 
flay could ho way advance the King's Service ; and to try all 
wws to get to his Majefty . But when he came to JUmtemd^ 
t fx>rt Town, from whence he made no doubt he (hould be 
able to tranfport Himfdf, and his company into ¥Falesy he 
found the People both of the Town and County fo difafieaed^ 
that all the boats, of which there u(ed always to be great ftore^ 
by realbn of the trade for Cattle and Com with l^^^f were 
induflrioufly fent away, fave only two^ fo that the Earl of 
BeMrJ havit^ taken new hearty and being within four miles 
with his Armv, his Lordfiiip, with his finali Cannon and few 
Foot, with tne Loird Pawlety Lord Sejmour^ and foiioe Gen-^ 
iMiMf demen of Sofmrfet-Jbirt^ tranfported himfelr into Ghm^rpm^ 
t^^*-^'i leaving Sr ^Ifb BffPtm^ Srjolm Berklej^ Mr Digiy^ 
L^^f^'and fome other Officers wim their Horfe (confifttng of abouc 
{an-flurc one himdred and twenty) to march into Corwmaly in hopes to 
find that County better prepared for their reception: 

On the other hand, the Earl 6i Bedford^ thinking thbfe few 
funtives not worth ms farther care, and that they would be 
^aGly apprehended by the Committee of the Militia, which 
. was vety powerful in Divon^ and C^rmwaly contented himfelf 
with havmg driven away the Marquis , and fo expelled all 
hope of raiung an Army for the King in the Weft j and re^ 
tired with his Forces to the Earl ofEffixy as ^ miliam WMer 
had done &om Port/moutb ^ fo that it was not expeded, 
diat the Forces about his Majefty could be able to defend him 
againft fo puiflant an Army, fo it was not imaginable that he 
c^d receive any addition of ftrength from any other parts. 
For wherever they found any Perfon of Quality inclined to 
the King, or but difindined to Them, thev immediately feifed 
upon his Perfon, and fent him in great Triumph to the Paiv' 
mment ; who committed him to Prifon, with all circumfiances 
of cruelty and inhumanity. 

Thus they took Prifoner the Lord Mount ague o£Bougl^mfj 
at iiis Houfe in Nartbamptothjhirey a Perfon of great reverence^ 
being above fourfcore years of age, and of unblemilfa'd Repu- 
tattion, for declaring himfelf un&tisfied with their difobedient 
and undutifiil proceedings agamft the King, and more expreft- 
ly againft tfaeii: Ordinance for the Militia }\nd notwithftand- 
ing that he had a Brother of the Houfe of Peers, the Lord 
Pnvy Seal, and a Nephew t^e Lord Kmhhen^ who had as 
fill! a power in that Council as aiqr Man, and a Son in the. 


Of the Rebellion^ &c. xi 

Houfe ef Commoni very unlike his Father j hii LordQiip waf 
committed to the Tower a dofe Prifoner ; and thougfi he 
was afterwards remitted to more Air, he continued a Pri* 
fbner to his death. 

Thus they took Prifoner in QidM-fiire the Earl of Berk* 
Jbtrty nd three or four principal Ganlemen of that County ; 
and committed them to the Tower, for no other reafon but 
wifliing well to the King j for they never appeared in the leaft 
AOdaa in his Service. And thus they took Prifoner the Earl 
of Bsib in jDnws^tof , who neither had, or ever meant to 
do the King the leait fervice ; but only out of the morofity of 
his own Nature^ had before, in the Houfe, expre&'d himfelf 
not of dieir minds j and carried him, widi many other Gen- 
tlemen of DivoM and Somer/ky with a ftrong Guard of Horie^ 
to lAMdmi'j where, after they had been expofed to the rude- 
nels and reproach of the Common Peopl^ who called diem 
Trtytors and Rebels to the Parliamenr, and purfued them 
with fuch ufage as they ufe to the moft imamous Malefadors, 
they were, without ever being examin'd, or charged with any 
particular crime, committed to feveral Prifons ^ fo that not 
only all the Prifons about Lmul&m were quickly fiU'd with 
Perfons of Honour, and great Reputation for fobriety and in- 
tegri^ to their Counties, but new Prifons were made for their 
reception y and, which was a new and barbarous invention, 
very many Perfons of very good Quality, both of the Qergy 
and Laity, were committed to Prubn on board the Ships in 
the River of Thames ; where they were kept under Deck^ 
and no friend fufier'd to come to them, by which many loft 
their lives. And that the fofs of their Liberty might not be 
all their puniftiment, it was the ufual courfe, and very few 
eicaped it, after any Man was comroined as a notorious Ma- 
lignant (which was the brand) that his Eftate and Goods were 
fofed, or piunder'd by an Order from the Houfe of Commons, 
or foroe Committee, or the Soldiers, who in their march took 
the Goods of all Papifts and eminent Malignants, as lawftil 
prize ^ or by the Fury and Licence of the Q}mmon Peopl^ 
who were in all places grown to that barbarity suod rajge ageunft 
the Nobility and Gentry (under the Style of Cavaliers) that 
it was not lafe for any to live at their Houfes, who were taken 
notice of as no Votaries to the Parliament. 

S o the Common People (no doubt by the advice of their 
Superiors) in Ejfex on a fuddain befet the Houfe of S'TMw 
Lkcmj one of the beft Gendemen of that County, and of the 
moft eminent afieddon to the King, being a Gentleman of the 
Privy Chamber to the Prince of Wales y and upon pretence 
diat ne was going to the King, poflefs'd themfelves of all his 
Hbrfes and Arms, feifed upon ms Perfon, and ufcd him with 


%% The Hifiory Book VI. 

til ppffible ipdignitteS'i n06 witbouc fome thrctU to nnirdet 
iurn; tad when che'Miyor of cokbeftir^ whither he was 
laaa^t^ Wildx more hunoArmy than the rett^ o&er'd to keep 
him Prilbner in his own Houfe, till the pleafiire of the Par- 
Uanient fbo(4d be farther kncwd, they dbn^peU'd him^ or he 
was willing .to be4X>nipqtt'xi) to fend him to the Comrooit . 
Goal^ where he remain'd^ glad of that fecurity^ till the Houiie 
tt Cotoznons renxiv'd him to another Prifbn ( without ever 
chamiilg him with any crikne) havii^ fent all hia Horfes to 
the Earl oiMfex^ to be ufed in the fervice of th&t Army. 

At the &me time the lame Rabble entered the Houfe of 
die Ckxintefs of Rivers near c^khefier^ foit no other ground^ 
than that (he waa a^Papift ^ and in few hours disfarmfb'd it of 
all the Goodly which bad been many years with great curiofity 
providing, and were not of left value than forty thoufand 
pounds ftcrliipg 3 the Counteft her felf hardly eijamidg, after 
great infblenee had been uied to her Perfbn : Ana fhe could 
never recdve any reparation ftom the Parliament. Thefe and 
many other inftances of the &me kind in Lomdon and the parts 
adjacent^ gave fiifiident evidence to all Men how little ei(e 
Thev were to keep, ^riio meant to preferve their Allegiance 
and Integrity in the full Vigour. 

I MUST not forget, though it cannot be ren^emberfd with- 
out much horror, that this ftrange Wild-fire among the peopl^ 
was not b much and fb furioufly kindled by the breath cftho 
Parliament, as of their Clergy, who both adminifter'd fiid,- 
9fid btow'd the Coales in the Houfes too. Thefe Men tutting 
creeped into^and at laft dflven aU Learned and Orthodox Men- 
frckn the Pul^tcs, had^ as is before remembered, from die be- 
ginning of this Parliament, under the Notion of Reformation 
and extirpadng of Popery^ infiifed feditious incUnacion» inta 
the heans of Men i^tdlt the prefent Government of the 
Qoirchy witb many l^kxia inVe&ives againft the State too. 
But filice the raifing an Army^ and rejedting. the King's laib 
overture of a^ Treaty^ tbqr contain'd themfaves withiti no 
boundt; and aft freely and witbooc controul, inveighed againlt 
file Perfbn of the King^ as thev had before againft the wortt 
Miiigpanil;, prxxphanely, aiid bia^hemonfly ^piyrng. whatfb- 
csvftf had beefi ipoken and declared by God Hxmfelf, or the 
Prophets, againlt the rao& wicked anxt impious Kdn^ to in-^ 
ceme and itir up the People againft their moR Gracious So* 

. Tbire: are Monuments enough in the feditious Sernaond 
at that time printed, and in the ^temories of Men, of others 
WA pruuied^ of fudi wrefting and pelrverting of Scripcur^. to* 
the odious puspofes of the Preacher, that pious Men witt not 
look over widsouc trembling. One takes )&s Test out of M^ 

Of the BehelUm^ ^z. %% 

fif% wcyrds in the ^lA Chap, of tix^iut and the ij^ Verfe. 
CmficNr$^j^mtfihirt0day U tb9 Lbrdy i^em iviry Mm nfm 
his Smfy smd uf9m kit Br^ftery tbM hi mMf Af/f#ip upen jQwm 
bkffk^lkk dsf : And ixom cbeace indccahis Auditory to the 
utioaaft bmlecacion of tbofe, under what relation foe^cr olS 
Bloody Nei^bbourhoocL Dependence, who concurred not in . 
theftobrfliation propofed by the Parliament. Another inakor 
as bold with Dmvkrs words, in the i Ckr0tk Chap. %%. 
Verf. lAtAn/i tbtnfhn m$He i$mg : And from dience afliires 
diem, it was not enough to wiOi weU to the Parliament; if 
they brought not their purfe, aa well as their prayers, and 
theur bandi^ as wdl as tfc^r hearts to the afliftance of it, thd 
duty in the Text was not performed. Thertf were dkxe than 
Mr MMffismly who fh>m the i3[<i Verfe of the i^th Qiap. of 
jMgtSy Oirfiye Mer&Zy find th ^^^^^ rf '^ JLdf^, cwrfij9 
'ikUrfy tie MaUtdt^s thenufy btcmtjethj osm9 m$ $0 the help 
rftU Lnrdy totht Inlf eftht Lfirdagsmfi the mighty^ prefumed 
to inveigh againlt, and in plain tcmn to pronounce God's 
iffr^ cune againft all thofe, who came not, with their utmoftr 
power and ftrei^, to deftroy and root out ail the Malignancs^ 
who in any degree oppofed tne Parliament. 

There was one, who from the i^%^ Chap, of the Prophet 
Jgreff^h and the loch Verfe. Curfid te he thsrheefmh iach Us 
Pmrdfrem hhodi reproved thole who gave any quarter to the 
icing's Soldiers. And another jout of the ^ch Verfe of the x;th 
Chap, of Vf everts, Takesvupf the wkkedfrem hefrre fheKimgj 
4tmd bis ThratufbaU he efiahufbed im righteouptefs ; made it no* 
left a cafe of Con(cience by force to remove the evil Coun- 
iellors from the King ( witn bold intimation what might be 
done to the King Himielf, if he would not fufier them to be 
risnoved ) than to perform any Chrifkian duty that is enjdyn'd. 
It would fill a Volume to infert all the impious madnefs of 
this kind, fo that the complaint of the Prophet Efcekie/^ might 
moft truly, and feafonably have been applied, liefe is a cen- Eaek. ztu* 
fiiracyafher Fr of bets in the midfi thereuf^ like d rodrmg Uom ver. ajr. 
TdFoetsmg the Frey^ they have devoured Seuls^ they have fmkem 
the lyeafire^ and precious tbings^tbey have made her maty Iff- 
do9s in the midfi thereof. 

I T was the complaint of Erafinus of die Qergy in his time, » 

that when Princes were inclinable to Wars, alms i facro fug-^ 
gjefio fromittit omnium admijjorum condonationemy alius promittH ^ 

cert am 'vifforiamy Fropbetarum voces ad rem impiam detorjuens • 
Tarn hellaces c&nciones audivimusy (ays he. And indeed no 
good Chriftian can, without horror think of ±ofe Minifters 
of the Church, who by their Funftion being Meflengers of 
Peace, were the only Trumpets of War, and Inccndaries to- 
wards Rebellion. How much more Chriftian was that Athe». 

Vol. 11. Part I. C »w» 

24 TbeHi/iory . Book VI. 

murNuQ in Plutarch^ and how Khali She rife up iti judgment 
agaioii chofe Mea^ who, when Alcituides was condemned bv 
Che publick Juftice of the Scate^ and a Decree rc»de that aU 
the Religious Priefis and Women ihould ban and curfe him, 
ftoutly retufed to perform chat ofiBce^ anfwering, ^Thatihe 
<' was profefled Religious, to frty and to hkfs^ not to cmje 
*^ and to San. And if the Perton, and the Place can improve 
and aggravate the offence (as without doubt it doth, both be- 
fore God and Man) methinks the Preaching Treafan and Re* 
bellion out of the Pulpits (bould be worfe than the advancing 
it in the Market, as much as poyibning a Man at the* Com- 
munion would be worfe than murdering him at a Tavern. 
And it may be,' in that Catalogue of Sins, which the Zeal of 
fome Men hath thought to be the Sin aeainft the Holy Ghoft, 
there may not any one be more reafbnsoly thought to be fuch, 
than a Minifter of Chrift's turning Rebel againft his Prince 
( which is a moft notorious Apoftacy againft his Order ) and 
his Preaching Rd^ellion, to the People, as the Oo&rine c^ 
Chrill : which adding blafphemy and pertinacy to his Apo- 
ftacy, hath all the marks by which good men are taught to 
avoid that Sin agaioft the Holy Ghofr. 
The Edtitf Within three or four days after the King's remove from 
^f^*?*^' Kotta^ham^ the Earl oi Effexy with his whole Army, removed 
Zlfr^f!^''' from Narthamftan^ and march'd towards Wdrcefteri of which 
North- his Majefty had no fooner Intelligence, than be fent Prince 
ampcon. Rupert j With the greateit part of the Horie, on the other Ode 
of the Severn^ towards that City ; as well to obferve the mo* 
tion of the Enemy, as to give all afliftance to that place, which 
had declared good afiedtions to him ^ at leaft to countenance 
and fecure the retreat of thofe Gentlemen, who were there 
raiting Forces for the Kin^^ but efpecially to joyn with S' 
John ByroMy whom his Majefty had lent, in the end of Augufi^ 
to Oxford to convey fome Nloney, wbuch had been fecretly 
brought from Lonaom thither to his Majelty. And he, after 
fome (mall difafters in his March, by the infurredion of the 
Country People, who were encouraged by the Agents for the 
Parliament, and feconded by the OftKers of the Militia, came 
fafe with his charge to Ifbreefier; where he had been very 
^ few hours, when a ftrong Party of Horfe and Dragoous, be- 

^ ing fent by the Earl of £^x, under the Command of Natha* 

mel FmtniSy Son to the Lord S^^ came to furprize the Town ; 
which was open enough to have been enter'd in many places, 
though in ibme it had an old decayed Wall^ and, at the moft 
ufual and frequented entrances into the City, weak, and rot- 
ten Gates to be (hut, but without either Lock or Bolt. 

Yet this Commander, coming early in the Morning, 
when the fmall Guard which had watched, conceiving all co 
': be 

Of the RehellioH, &c. ly 

be fecure, were gone to reft> and bein^ within Mufquet (hot 
of the Gate before be was diibover'd, bnding that weak Gate 
(hut, or rather dofed againft him, anid not that quick appear*^ 
ance of a Party within the Town, as he promifed hirofelf, 
without doing any harm, retired in great dubrder, and with 
fo much Ittfte, that the wearied Hone^ fent out prefently to 
attend him^ could not overtake any of tus Train ^ lo that whea 
Prince Bufmrt came thither, they did not conceive any confri 
denible. Party of the Enemy to oe near. However his High* 
neft refolv'd to retire from dience, as foon as he ihould rcs 
ceive perfedl Intelligence of tbe motion of the Enemy, when 
on the liiddain repoCing himfelf on the ground witn Prince 
Mdurke his Brother, the Lord 2>/gf^> and the principal Offi-i 
cers, in the field before the Town, fome of his wearied Troops 
(for they had had a long March ) being by, but the reft andi 
moft of the Officers in the Town, he efpied a fair Body o£ 
Horfe, confifting of near five hundred, marching in very good 
Order up a Lane within Mufquet (liot of him. In this confii-^ 
fion, they had fcarce time to get upon their Horfes, and nonet 
to confult of what was to be done, or to put themfelves into 
their feveral places of Command. And, it may be, it Was wel^ 
they had not; for if all tbofe Officers had been in the beads 
of their feveral Troops, it is not impoflible it nught have btex^ 
worfe. But the Prince tnftantly declaring, << That he would 
^ darge ; his Brother, the Lord Digfyy Commiflary Gene- 
ral Himoty Sr John Byron^ Sr Lewis Dhesy and ail thofe Offi- 
cers and Gentlemen, whofe Troops were not prefent or rear 
dy, put themfelves next the Prince j the other wearied Troops 
coming in order after them. 

I N ms manner the Prince Charged them, as foon as they ^ Rtnedt^t^ 
came out of the Lane; and being (econded by his handful oittr between 
good Men, though the Rebels being gallandy led by Colopd '^' ^^^^ 
Smuhs (a Gentleman of Kent^ and the Son of a worthy Fa-^^J^^ 
therj and compleatly arm'd both for Ofience, and Detencet^ivr»c« Ra- 
ftoodwcU^ yet in ^fliorttime, many ofthwbeftMenbe-pert/m 
ing kill'd, and Colonel Sandys Himfelf falling with his hurts^^ ^^^^ 
the whole Body was routed, fled, and was purfued by the Con- 
querors for the ^ace of above a mile. The number of the 
flain were not tnany, not above forty or fifty, and thofe moft 
Officers; for their Arms were fo good, that in the charge 
they were not to be eafily kill'd, and in the chafe the goodnefii 
of their Horfe made it impoQible. Colonel Sandys who died 
ihortly after of his wounds , Captain Wingate who was tbe 
more known, by being a Member of the Houfe of Commons, 
and taken notice of for having in that charge behaved himfelf 
Itoutly, and two or three Scot^ Officers, w^re taken Prifoners. 
Of the King's Party none of Name was lolt : CommilTary Qe« 

C % neral 

X6 The mflorj Book VI. 

nerd J9ilm$t hurt wkh a Swor4 ia the fide^ *nd Sr Lemit Dmt^ 
ia the QuDulder^ and two or three other Officers of Inferior 
"Note } none mifcarrying' of their wounds, which was the 
nore ftraage for that^ by reafon they expected not ai¥ encoun* 
tttr, there was not, on the Prince'is fide, a pece of Armour 
wom that day, and but few Piftols ; fo that moft of tibe hurt 
Amu; was done was by the Sword. Six or (even Comets of 
the Enemies were taken, and many goodHorfes, and ibmo 
Anns ; for they who run away made cfaerofelves as light as 
they could. 

This Rencounter proved of great advimtage, and benefit 
fSo the King. For it being the firiv Adionr his Morfe had been 
brought to , and that party of the Enemy being the moft 
pick'd and choice Men^ it gave his Troops ^eat courage, and 
ittnder'd the name of Prince Rttferf very t>ernble, and' exceed- 
' ' ingly appalled the adverfary j infomuch as they had not, in a 
Ibng time after, any confidence in their Horfe, and their ver j^ 
Numbers were much leflen'd by it. Fop that whole party be-^ 
tag rouced^ and the Chief Omcers of Name and Reputation 
either' kill'd, or taken, though the number loft upon the p&ce 
was not confiderable, there were very many more who nevei^ 
fetum'd to the fervice^ and, which was worfe, for their own 
txcuf^ in all places^ talked aloud of the incredible, and an« 
fdSftible courage of Prince Rupert^ and the King's Horfe. So 
that, from this time, the Parliament, begun to be apprehen- 
five, that the buiinels would not be as eaiily ended, as it was 
begun ; and that the King would not be brought back to^them 
with dieir bare Votes. Yet how faintly foever the private 
pulfes beat ( for no queftion many who had made greateft 
Doife, wifh'd they were again to choofe their fide j the two 
Houfes were fo for from any vifiUe abatei^ent of their met* 
de, that to weigh down any poQible fuppoiition that thejjE 
nughc be inclined, or drawn to treat witn the King^ or thsk 
&ev had any apprehenfion that the people would be le(s firm, 
ana conftant to them, they proceededto bolder ASts to evince 
both, than they had yet done. 
Fo R to the firft, to (hew how fecurethey were againft re- 
' fentment firom his Allies, as well as againft his Majefty's own 
fK>wer, they caufed the Capuchin Fryars, who, by the Ar- 
mies of Marriage, were to have a &ic reception and enter- 
tainment in the Queen's Family, and had, by her Majefty's 
care^ and at her charge, a finall, but a convenient habitation<, 
by her own Chappel, in her own Houfe, in the Stnmiy and 
bid continued there, without difturbance, from the time of 
the Marriage, after many infolencies and indignities ofler^d to 
them by the rude Multitude, even within thofe Gates of her 
own Houfe, to be taken from thence^ and to be font over 


Of the Rehel&on^ &c. 17 

into 'Brandy wiA Proteftatioa ^ Thgt if chey vtexc found again 
^^ in Ef^hmdy they fliould be proceeded againft as Traytors : 
and this in the face of the Bremb Etnbaflador^who notwitkman4* 
iqgwichdrew pot from them his Courdhip, and Applicatioii. 
T H £N^ that the Kiog xxifjax, know how little they dreaded 
lais ^arccB^ they fent down their lnftru£bons to the Earl of 
l^x their Genera), who had long expeded them ; whereby 
among other things of form for the better difcipline of tlie 
Army, ^ l^cy requir'd him to march with fuch Forces tBThitw 
*'he though fit, towards the Army raifed, in his Maje^s j*j^'f '»- 
** Name againft the Parliament, and the Kingdom j and with \l^*^^ 
^^ them, or any part of them, to Fig^, at fuch time and plaoe rat. 
^^ as he (hould judge mod to conduce to the Peace and Sifiety 
'* of the Kingdom : and that he ihouki ufe his utmoft endea* 
" vour by battle, or otherwife, to refoae his Nkjefty's Per- 
^'ibn, and the Perfons of the Prince, and Duke o£Tork^ out 
^ of the hands of thofe defperate Perfons, who were then 
<< about them. They dired:ed him to t^e an opportunity, in 
'^ fome £ife and honourable way, to caufe the Petition of 
*^ both Houfes of Parliament, tilien fent to hin^ to be pre* 
^* fented to his Majefty ; and if his Majefty fhould thereufjon 
^' pieafe to withdraw mnielf Aom the Forctas then about him, 
^^and to refbrt to the Parliament, his Lordlhip (hould caufe 
^^ his Majefty's Forces to disband, and Qiould ferve and defend 
^' his Majefty with a fufficient itrength in his return. They 
^ required his Lordflbk) to publiOi and declare, that if any 
^^ who had been fo feduced, by the faUe afperfions caft upoa 
*^ the proceedings of the Parliamoit, as to aflffl the King in 
^^ adling of thofe dangerous Counfels, Ihould willingly, widi* 
^' in ten days after fiich publication in the Army, return to 
^* their Duty, not doiqg any Hoftile Ad; within the time li- 
^^ mited^ and joyn themielves widi the Parliament in defence 
^^ of Relis;ion, his Majefty's Perfon, the Liberties, and Law 
^^ of the Kingdom, and Privileges of Parliament, with their 
'^ PerXbos, and Elbites, as the Members of bodi Houfes, and 
*^ the reft of the Kingdom have done, that die Lords and 
^' Commons would be ready ,upon their fiibmiffion, to receive 
^' fuch Perfons in fuch a manner, as they Qiould have caufe to 
^^ acknowledge they bad been ufed with Qemency and Favour; 
^' provided diat Tnat favour ftiould not extend to admit any | 

^^ Man into either Houfe of Parlianjient, who ftood fiifpend* ^ 

^^ ed, without givii^g fatisfadion to the Houfe whereof he * 
^' fhould be a Member ^ and except all Perfons who ftood im- 
^^ peach'd, or particularly Voted againft in either Houfe of 
^^Pailiament tor any Delinquency whatfoever; excepting 
^^likewife fuch adherents of thofe, who ftood impeach'd in 
^* Parliament of Treafbn* as had been eminent Perfons, and 

C 3 ^dcMd 

48 The mftory Book VI. 

•* chief Aftors in thofe Treafons. And left thofe claufes of 
'■ exception (which no doubt comprehended all the King's Par- 
ty, and if not, They were ftill to be judges of their own Qe- 
mency and Favour, which was all was promifed to the hum- 
^bleft penitent) might invite thofe, whom they had no mind 
to receive on any terms, they vouchfafed a ^ Particular exce- 
^ prion of the Earl of Br sftol^ the Earl di Cumberland^ the Earl 
^ of New-Caftk^ the Earl of Rivers^ the Duke of lOcbmond^ 
** the Earl of Carnarvanj the Lord Newark j and the Lord 
*' Viftx)unc Falkland Principal Secretary of State to his Ma- 
^^ jefty, Mr Secretary Nicholas^ Ms Endymion Varter^ M' Ed- 
^ijard Hyde-^ againft: not one of whom was there a Charge 
depending of any crime, and againft very few of them fo much 
- as a Vote, which was no great matter or Delinquency. 

It will be here nece(&ry to infert the Petition, direded to 
be prefented in fome lafe and honourable way to his Majefty^ 
. the rather for that the £ime was, upon the reafons hereafter 
mentioned, never prefented ^ which was s^erwards objefied to 
his Majefty as a rejeftion ot Peace on His part, when They 
defir'd it. The Pedtition was in thefe words. 

Tht PHiti$i$ ^ We your Majefty's Loyal Subjeds, the Lords and Com- 

H r"^ ^^ mons in Parliament, cannot, without great grief, and ten- 

K^x*%^^^ dernefs of compaflion, behold the prcfling Mferies, the im- 

uthioent^^tamtnt Dangers, and the devouring Calamities, which ex- 

r«/ to he « tremely threaten, and have partly feifed upon both your 

ha^Mv* ^^ Kingdoms of Englandy and Ireland^ by the praftices of a 

^iverel, *^ Party prevailing With your Majefty ; who, by many wicked 

** Plots and Confpiracies have attempted the alteration of the 

•'•^true Religion, and the ancient Government of thisKin^- 

-^*dom, and the introducing of Popith Idolatry and Superfti- 

■ " tion in the Church, and Tyranny and ConfUuon in the State ^ 

" and, for the compaffing thereof, have long corrupted your 

** Majefty.'s Counfels, abSfed your Power, and by fuddain and 

• ** untimely diflblvmg of former Parliaments, have often hin- 

• ^^ der'd the Reformation, and Prevention of thofe Mifchiefs : 
'« and being now difabled to avoid rhe endeavours of this Par- 

^ liamentj by any fuch means, have Tray teroufly attempted to 

** overawe the feme by Force^ and, in profecution oi their 

A ^* wicked defigns,- have excited, encouraged, and fofter'd an 

^ « unnatural Rebellion in Ireland \ by which, ina moft cruel 

• *« and outrageous manner, many thoufands erf your Majefty's 
. '^Subjedts there, have been deftroy'd j and, by falfe flandcrs 

"up6n your Parliament, and malicious arid unjuft Accufa- 

f^tibns. have endeavoured to begin the like Maflacrc Here j 

«and peiiig, through God's bleffing, therein difappointed, 

. ^«haye,as ^ moft muchievous and bloody defign of all, drawn 

: ; ' <<your 

OftheReheliion^&cc. ip 

.^ your Majefty to make War againft your Parliameiit^ and 
^good Subjeds of diis Kingdom^ Leading in your Pcrfon an 
^ Army againft chem, as if you incendra, by Conqueft^ to 
^ eftabiifh an abfolute and unlimited Power over them ^ and 
^' by your Power, and the countenance of your prerence, have 
^ranfick'dy fpoird, imprifon'd, and murcler'd divers of your 
^ People ; and^ for their better afliftance in their wicked de^ 
^%QS, do feek to bring over the Rebels of IreUnd^^xxd other 
^ Forces, beyond the Seas, to joyn with them. 

* A N D We, Ending our felves utterly deprived of your 
^Majefty's Protedlion, and the Authors, Counfellors, and 
**^Abettors of thefe mifchiefe in greateft Power and Favour with 
^ your Majefty. and defended by You a£ainft the Juftice, and 
^ Authority ot your High Court of Parliament ; whereby 
^ they are grown to that heidit and infolence, as to manifeft 
^ their rage and malice againft thofe of the Nobility,and others, 
^ who are any whit inclinable to Peace, not without great 
^ appearance of danger to your own Royal Perfon , it you 
^mall not in all things concur with their wicked and Tray- 
- ^ terous courfes : have, for the juft and neceflRu7 defence of 
^ the Proteftanc Religion, of your Majcfty's Perfon, Crown, 
<< and Dignity, 6E the litws and Liberties of the Kingdom, 
<< and the Privileges and Power of Parliament , taken up 
<< Arms, and appointed and authoriz'd Raiert Earl of EMx 
^ to be Captain General of all the Forces by us railed, and to 
^ lead and condudt the fame minft thefe Rebels and Traytors^ 
^ and them to fubdue, and oring to condign punUhment^ 
^ and do moft humbly befeech your Majefty to withdraw your 
.^ Royal Prefence and Countenance from thofe wicked Per- 
^ fons ; and, if they ftiall ftand out in defence of their Re- 
^ bellious and unlawful attempts, that your Majefty will leave 
^< them to be fuppreft by that Power, which We have fent 
^againft them; and that your Majefty will not mix your own 
<< dangers with theirs, but in Peace and Safety, without youir 
<^ Forces, forthwith return to your Parliament ; and by their 
<< fiuthfiil Counfel and Advice, compofe the prefent difteocr- 
<< pets and confufions abounding in both your Kinedoms ; and 
<< provide for the Security and Honour of your feu, and your 
** Royal Pofterity, and the profpcrous Eftate of all your Sub- 
^jefls; wherein if your Majefty pleafe to yield to our moft 
<* humble, and earneft deGres, We do, in the prefence of Al- 
^ mighty God, profeft, that We will receive your Majefty 
^ with all honour, yield you all due obedience, and fubjedion, 
*^ and faithfully endeavour to (ecure your Perfon and Eftate \ 
*< from all dangers ; and, to the uttermoft of our Power, to 
^* procure and eftablifh to your felf, and to your People, all 
^ the blef£ngs of a Gk>Qous and Happy Reign. 

C 4. Besides 

3Q 7^ Hiftorj Book VI. 

Besides tfais, that it ini^ appear, Aey wer^ aotbiflg 
jealous or apprehenGve of the People's defediioa and levolc 
£rom them, whereas before thejf had ipade the geaend it&pc 
of the KiDgdom the ground, and arsument for whatibever 
Chey had done, aod had only invited Men to cootdbute freely 
what they thought fit, to the cfaaige in hand, without com- 
pelling any who were unwilling ; they now took notice not 
i)Qly of thofe who oppofed their proceeding^ or privately 
diflwaded other Men from concurriiig with them, but of thofe, 
who either out of fear, or covetou0ie(8, or both, had need- 
ed really to contribute^ and there6>re they b(^ly piiUUh'd 
their Votes ( which were Laws to the People, or of much 
79Ui 9fh9th more Authority ) ^ That all fiich Perfbns, as fhould not oon- 
*»f" /•»• *^ tribute to the Charge of the Common-wealth, in that time 
Z\^f^ « of eminent necdBty, fliould bedi&rm'd and fecur'd; and 
)/UHtj7 -that this Vote might be the more terrible, they order'd, the 
fiune day, the Mayor and Siaesi&QiLfimdam ^ Toiearch the 
<< Houfes, and ietie the Arms beloo^ng to fome Aldermen, 
^ and other principal iiibOancial Qdzens of Uni$Hj whom 
they named in their Order ^ <<Foc that it appeared by theie- 
^ port from their Committee, that they had not contributed, 
5^ as they ought, to the Charge of the Common-rwealth. 

Q Y this means the poorei^ and loweft of the PfX)ple be- 
came Informers againll the richeffl^ and moft {ubftantial; and 
the refult of feardiiog the Hoofes and feifing the Arms was. 
the taking away Plate, and thii^ of the greateft Value, and 
very frequently pluoderiog wbatfoever was worth the keeping. 
They farther Appointed, ^ That the Fines, Rents, and Profits, 
^of Arch-Bifhops,BiiI]iops,Dean% Deans and Chapters, and 
M of all Delinquents , who had taken up Arms againft the 
<^ Parliament: or had been active in the Commiffion of Array, 
<< fhould be Sequefter'd for the ufe and benefit of the Com- 
f^ mon-wealdi. And that the King miglbt not fiure better than 
tts Adherents, they direfted ^ All his Revenue, arifing out 
^ of Rents, Fines in Couits of Ju&ice, Compofition for Wards, 
^and the like, and all other his Revenue fhould be brought 
^< into the feveral Courts, and other places, where they ou£ht 
.^tobepaid in, and not ifiRied forth, or paid forth, uxitil&> 
•^ ther Order fiiould be taken by both Houfes of Parliament^ 
without fo much as aligning him any part of his Own, to- 
wards die fupport of his own mfon. 

Tnrs flout invafion of the People's property, and com- 
pelling them to part with what was moft precious to them^, 
anv [)art of their £ftates, was thought by many an unpopular 
Aokj in the morning of their Soveraignty, and that it would 
wonderfully, have irreoonciled their new Subje&s to them. 
6ut tbeConduOors wcU underftood, that their Empire al- 

Of the ReheliioH^ Sec. 51 

;feady 'de{>eiided moicon the Fear, than Love of the People; 
«nd that 9$ xbsf could cany on the War only by having Mo- 
fiey enoi^h to pay the Sokheer^, fb, that whilit they had That^ 
probably diey Qiould not warn Men to recruit chdr Armies 
upon any mifidventure. 

I T cannot be iraaginV], bow g^t advantage$ the King re- 
ceiv'd by the Parliament's rqe^ng cbe King'« Meflggea for 
Peace, and their manner in doing it. AU Men's mouths weve 
opened ag^inft them, the Meflages and Anfwers being read in 
all Churches^ they who could not ferve him in their Peribns, 
xxmeriv'd ways, to fupply him iwith Money. Some eminoK 
Goi^emoun m die Univerfities gave him notice that all the 
CoUc^ were very plentifully fupplied with Plate, which 
wioiildAnount to t good Value, and hy uiele6 in their Trea-> 
fiicies, diere being enoiueh be&des for their Common Ufe; 
4uid there was not the kaft doubt, but that whenfoever his Mft- 
jefty Aoiild think fit to require that Treafure, it would all be 
&nc to him. Of this the King had lone thought, and, when 
be was at Nottingham^ in that.Melanchc3ick feafon, two Gen^ 
tkmen were dii^atch'd away to Oxford^ and to cam^riJgt 
(Two to each) with Letters to the leveral Vice-Cbuuicellors, 
chat they (houU move the Heads, and Principals of the fe- 
veral Colleges and Halk, that they would fend their Plate to 
the King; private advertifiaoieots being firft fent to fome 
Trufty nrfons to prepare, and doTpofe thofe, without whoTe 
confimt the Service could not beperform'tl. 

This whole Afiair was tranfaaed with fo great fecrecy, 
and d^3vtiooL ^ that the Meflfengers returned from the twQ 
Univerfities, in as Ihort a time as fiich a Journey could well be ^J^. ^' 
made ; and brought with them all, or very near all their Plate, ^^^'^ 
and aconfiderable Sum of Money, which was fent as a Prefent ^",> ^^^ 
CO his Majelty. from feveral of the Heads of Colleges, out dland Pistt r« 
theirown particular Stores; fome Scholars coming widi it, and '^« Ki'^s- 
Jielping to procure Horfes andGarts for the Service; all which 
came fafe to Nouh^tamj at the time when there appeared no 
motre expeftation c^ a Treaty, and contributed oauch to rai£> 
ingtbedejefled Spirits of the place. The PUte was pre&nrly 
weighed out, and delivered to the feveral QSBcera, who were 
entrufted to make Levies of Horfe and Foot, and who received 
it as Money, the reft was carefiiUy preferv'd to be carried 
with the King, when he (hould remove from thence ; fecret 
Orders being fent to the Officers of the Mint, to be ready to 
come to his Majefly aflbon as he fiiould recpire them, which 
he meant to do,, aubon as he (boidd find himfelf in a place 
convenient. There was now no more complaining or murmur* 
ing. Some Gentlemen undertook to make Levies upon dieir 
Credit, and Intereft, and others £» Money to the King upon 
their own Inclinations. T h & a & 

1% 7%e Hifiory BookVL 

There was a pleafant Story, then much ipoken of in 
the Court, which adminifter'd fome Mirth. There were two 

freat Men who liv'd nesLt Notthfghamy both Men of great 
ortunes and of great Parfimony, and known to have much 
Money lying by them. To the former the Lord Cafel was 
fent, to the latter, Jobm j0biumham of the Bed Chamber, and 
of entire Confidence with his Mafter; each of them with a 
Letter, all written with the King's hand, to borrow of each 
ten or five thoufand pounds. Capei was very civilly receiv'd 
by One, and entertain'd as well as the ill Accomodations in 
his Houfe, and his manner of living would adroit. He ex- 
prefs'd with wonderful civil profdEons of Duty, " The great 
^' trouble he fuftain'd, in not being able to comply with his 
"Majefty's Commands: Hefaid, "All Men knew that he 
^ neither had, nor could have Money, becaufe he had every 
^^ year, of ten or a dozen which were paft, purchafed a thou- 
^^fand pounds Land a year^ and therefore he could not be 
"imagined to have any Money lying by him, which he never 
^ lov'd to have. But, he fatd, he h^ a Neighbour, who liv'd 
^< within few Miles of him, who was fiood for nothing, and 
^ iiv*d like a Hog. not allowing himfelt Neceflaries, and who 
^^ could not have fo little as twenty thoufand pounds in the 
"Scurvy Houfe in which he liv*d^ andadvifed, "He might 
" be fent to, who could not deny the having of Moneys and 
concluded with great duty to the King, and deteftation of the 
Parliament, and as if he meant to confider &rther of the 
thing, and to endeavour to get fome Money for him, which 
though he did not remember to fend, his aflfeoions were good, 
and he was afterwards icill'd in the King's Service. 

AsHBURNHAM got no more Money, nor half fo many 
good words. That Lord had fo little Correfpondence with 
die Court, that he had never heard his Name, and when he 
had read the King's Letter, he ask'd fi-om whom it was ; and 
when he told him, " He faw it was from the King, he replied, 
<^ That he was not fuch a fool as to believe it. That he had re* 
^^ceiv'd Letters both from the King and his Father^ and 
haftily running out of the Room, return'd with half a doxen 
Letters in his hand; faying, "That thofe .were all the King's 
" Letters, and that they always b^n with Right Trufiyand 
" WeU heloved^ and the Kin^s Name was ever at the Top ; 
" but this Letter begun with his own Name, and ended with 
" your loving Friend C R. which he faid, he was fure could 
"not be the King's hand. His other treatment was according 
to this, and after an ill Supper he was fhew'd an indifierent 
Bed; the Lord telling him, " That he would confer more of 
" the matter in the morning; he having fent a Servant with a 
Letter to the Lord P^UianJ^ who was bis Wifes Nephew, 


Of the RehelTton^ dec. 35 

and who hid icarce ever feen his Uncle. The Man came to 
Nottsnghsm about Midnight, and found my Lord Falkland vol 
his Bed. The Letter was to tell him, ^^ That one Ajhhtmham 
*' was with him, who brought him a Letter, which he faid was 
^ horn the King; but he Imew that could not be ; and there- 
*^ fore he deOr'd to know, who this Man was, whom he kept 
^^ in his Houfe till the Meflenger (hould return. In fpighc of 
the Laughter, which could not be forborne, the Lord Falkland 
made tedte to inform him of die Condition and Quality of the 
Perfon, and that the Letter was writ with the Kingrs own 
hand, which he feldom vouchfafed to do. And the MeOen- 

fer returning early the next morning, his Lordlhip treated 
1' j^yinrnham with fo diSerent a re^edt, that he, who knew 
nothing of thecaufe, believ'd, that he fliould return with ail 
the Money that was defir'd. But it was not long before he 
was undeceiv'd. The Lord with as chearfal a Countenance 
as His could be,for he had a very unufual and unpleafant Fac^ 
told him, ^' That though he had no Money Himfelf, but was 
** in extreme want of it, he would tell him where he might 
•' have Money enough 5 that he had a Neighbour, who liv'd 
*' within four or five Miles, that never did good to any body, 
^< and lov'd no body but himfelf, who had a world of Money, 
*^ and could furniih the King with as much as he had need of, 
^and if he (hould deny that he had Money when the King 
^^fent to him, he knew where he had one Trunk ftill, and 
*< would difcover it; and that he was ib ill belov'd and had fo 
^ few Friends, that no body would care how the King ufed 
'^^him. This good Counfel was all M** Ajhbmmham could 
make of him : and vet this wretched Man was fo far from 
wiQiing well to the Parliament, that when they had prevail'd, 
and were poQefled of the whole Kingdom, as well as of Not^ 
tinghamjfosrfy he would hot give them one penny ; nor com- 
pound for his Delinquency, as they made the having liv'd in 
the King^s Quarters to be ^ out fiifier'd his whole Efrate to be 
Sequeiter'd and liv'd in a very miferable fafliion, only by 
what \^ could ravilh from his Tenants ^ who, though they 
paid their Rents to the Parliament, were forced by his rage 
and threats to part with fo much as kept him, till he died, in 
chat Condition he chofe to live in : His Confeience being 
powerful enough to deny Himfelf, though it could not difpofe 
•nim to grant to the King. And thus the two MeDfengers re- 
'tum'd to the King, fo near the fame time, that he who came 
firft^ had not given his account to the King, before the other 
enter'd into his Prefence. 

The fame day, a Gentleman in thofe parts, known to be 
very rich, being prdled to lend the King five hundred jpounds, 
fcnt him a prefont of one hundred pieces in Cold y which, he 

54. TheBftory Book VI. 

laid ^ He had procured with great difEcuIt^ ; and protefted, 
^ with fnany exoaable imprecations, that he had never in his 
<^life feen nve hundred pounds of his own togedier \ when, 
within one Month a^r the King's departure, the Parliament 
Troops, whidi borrow'd in another ityle, took five thoufand 
pounds from him, which was lodg'd with him, in the Cham- 
ber in which he la^. Which is therefore mentioned in this 
place, that upon this occaGon it may be feen, that the unr- 
thrifty retention of their Money, which pofle(fed die Spirits 
cf thol^ who did really wiOi the King all the fiicceis he wifh'd 
for himlelf, was one unhappy caufe of all his misfortunes : 
ftnd if they had« in the b^inning, but lent the Kiru^ the fifth 
{Kut of what, after infinite lofles, they found neceflary to fa- 
crifice to his £nemies,in the Conclufion,to preferve thet&felves 
fiom total ruin, bis M^efty had been able, with God's ble&- 
ing, to have preferv^d Them, and to have deftro/d all his 

The News of the important advantage before Wfrcefier 
found the King at chefler^ whither his Majeifty thoi^ht ne- 
ceOary to make ajoumey himfeUj^iflbon as he came to Sbrtmf* 
ktrjj both to aflure that City to his Service, which was the 
Key to Ireland^ and to countenance the Lord Straff (who, 
by the death of his Father, became Earl of Derty) againft 
fome opposition he met with, on thebebalf of the Parliament. 
Here cram^ fent by Prince Ruperty gave his Majefty an Ac- 
count of that Adion ; and presented him with the EnGgns, 
which had been taken ; and mform'd him of the Earl of E/^ 
fix^s being in VPbretfier^ which made the King return fooner 
CO Shrewskury than he intended, and before the Earl of Derly 
was poffeOed of that Power, which a little longer ftay would 
have given him. 

Prince Rufnt the (ame Nij^t, after his Vidiory, finding 

the i^rols of the Rebels Army to be within five or tix Miles, 

Aflainft which that City was in no degree Tenable, though 

«n the King's Foot had been there, retir'cl firom Worcefier on 

the IVeyb fide of the River, iftdthout any difturbance, into his 

Quarters near Shrewsbury ^ and with all nis Prifoncrs, Colonel 

Sandys only excepted, whom he left to dye of his wounds 

there ^ the Earl of Effix being fo much flartied with this late 

Defeat, that he advanced not in two days after ; and then 

being uirely inform'd, that he fhould find no rdiftance, he 

' enter'd with his Army into^ri^^^; ufinggreat feverity to 

tliofe Citixeas, who had been Eminently indin'd to the King's 

Service, and fending the principal of ihem Prifoners to Lmdcu. 

JV Ki»^ U FON the King's coming to Shrtwsiury^ there was a very 

»m«i ?• great comfiuxof the Gentry there, and the Neighbouring 

^^^^ CouQties^ which were generally well ifieded , and made 

^ ^' great 

Of the Rehellion ^ &c. jj 

great profeflkms of Duly to his Majefty : fome of them inidcr* 
took to make Levies of Horfe and Foot, and performed it ac 
their own Oaur^. The Town was very Commodioiw in alt 
re(pe&^ tooog in it's Situation ; and in refped of it's Ne^^ 
bourhooid to North Wakf. and* the ufe of the Severn^ yieldNctf 
excellent Provifions of all kinds ; fo that both Court and Ai^ 
my were very well Accommodsted, only the incuraUe difeafe 
of want of Monev could not be affwaged in either. Yet 
whilft they fiit ftill, it was not very feiliible, much left im- 
fkmunate. The Soldiers behaved tbemfeives orderly, and 
die People were not inclined, or provoted to compltto oi^ 
their new GueCts ^ and the remainder of the Plate, which was 
brou^ from the Univerfities, together with the finall pre* 
fisits in Money, which were made to the King by many 
particular Peribns , fupplied the prefi^t neceffiry Expences 
very conveniently. But it was eafil^ difcem'd, that^when the' 
Army (hould move, which die luqg refolv'd it ihould do 
with all poffible Expedition^ the neceffity of Money would be 
very great, and the Train of Artillery, which is commonly 
Ik Spunge that can hardly be filled, was defticute of all things 
aeceflary for motion. Nor .was there any hope that it could 
Inarch, till a rood Sum of Money wereafli^'dtoit; fome 
Carriage-Horns, and Waggons, which were prepared for the 
Service of Irelandy and lay ready at chefier^ to be tranfported 
with the Earl of Idneefter^ Lieutenant of that Kingdom, were 
brou^t to Sbrewslmry^ by his Majeftv's Order, tor his own 
Train : And the Earl's paflionate labouring to prevent, or 
remedy that Apfrfication, widi fome other reafons, hinder'd 
^ Earl himfelf from purfuing that Jotirney ; and ia the end, 
deprived him of that Province. But this reafonable addition 
to the Train encreafed the neceffity of Money, there being 
more ufe of it thereby. 

Two Expedients were found to make fuch a competent 
movifion for all wants, that they were at laft broken through. 
Some Perfon of that inclination had infinuated to die King^ 
that, ^ If the Roman Catholicks, which that, and the adja- 
^ cent Counties were well inhabited by, were fecredy treated 
^ with, a confiderable Sum of Money might be raifed among 
^ them ^ but it muft be qarried with great privacy, that no 
^ notice might be taken of it, the Parliament having declared 
^ fo great Animofities againft them ^ nor did it in that con- 
junflure concern the King lefs that it fhould be very fecret^ 
to avoid the fcandal of a clofe conjundliou with the Papifts, 
which was every day imputed to Him. Upon many Conful- 
tations how, and in what method to carry on this Defkn, 
the King was inform'd, ^ That if he would depute a Perfon, 
*< much trufted by Him. to that Service, the Roman Catho- 

« licks 

i6 The Hilary Book VL 

^Itcks would truft hiiD^ and af^gn one or two of their Body 
^' to confer with him, and by Cms means the wotk mig^t be 
^ carried on. Hereupcxi the King fent for that Perfon, and 
told him this whole matter, as is here fet down^ andre- 
auired him to coniiilt with fuch a Perfon^ whom he would 
tend to him the next Morning. The next Morning a Peribn 
of Quality very much trufted oy all that Party, came to him 
to confer upon that Subjed ^ and (hewed a lift of the Names 
of all the Gentlemen of Quality and Fortune of that Reli- 
gion, who were all Convid: Recu&nts, and liv'd within thofe 
Counties ,of Shrof^Jbire uid Stt^ord. They appeared to be a 
good Number of very valuable Men, on whoie behalf he had 
only Authority to conclude, though he beUev'd that the me- 
thod, they agreed on there, would be fubmitted to, and con- 
firm'd by that Party in all other places. He faid ''They 
^ would by no means hearken to any moticm of the Loan of 
^ Money, for which they had paid (b dear, upon their ferving 
'' the King in that manner, in his firft Expedition againft the 
^ Scots, It was in the end agreed upon,that the King Ihould writp 
to every one of them to pay him an advance of two, or three 
Years of fuch Rent, as they were every Year obliged to pay him, 
upon the compofition they had made with him for their Eftates^ 
which would amount to a coniiderable Sum of Money. And. 
thcfe Letters were accordingly writ, and widiin ten or twelve 
days, between four and five thou&nd pounds were remrn'd to 
his Majefty J which was a feafonable fupply for his Affiiirs. 

At his return to Shrrwsburyy the King found as much done 
cbwa^ds his March, as he expefied. And then the other Ex- 
pedient (which was hinted before) for Money ofier'd it felf. 
There was a Gentleman of a very good Extraaion, and of the 
beft Eftate of any Gentleman of that Country, who liv'd 
within four or five miles oi Shrewsbury^ and was look'd upon as 
a very prudent Man, and had a very powerfiil Influence upon 
that People, and w^ of undoubted Afl&Aions and Loyalty to 
the King, and to the Qovemment both in Churchy and State : 
his Eldeft Son was a youi^ Gentleman of great I^edbition, 
and of excellent Parts, a Member of the Houfe of Commons^ 
who had behaved himfelf there very Well. This Gentleman 
mtimated to a friend of his, << That, if his Father might be 
'^ made a Baron, he did believe he might be prevail'd with, to 
**prefent his Majefty with a good Sum of Money. It was pro- 

Eofed to the King, who had no mind to embrace the propo* 
tion , his Majelty taking occafion often to fpeak aeainft 
^< making Merchandize of Honour ^ how much the Crown 
"fuffer'd at prefent by the Licence of that kind, which had 
^been ufed during the Favour of the Duke oi Buckingham^ 
^^ and that he had not taken a firmer Refolution againft many 


Of the ReheUion, &c. 37 

*' things, than againft this particular Expedient for railing 
^^ Money, However, after ne returned from chefiit , and 
found by the increafe of his Levies^ and the ^ood difpoGcion 
all things were in, that he might m a (hort time be ;ible to 
4Miarcb, and in fo good a Condition, that he ihould rather 
feek the Rebels, than decline meeting wich them, if the in* 
difbenfaUe want of Money did not make his motion im- ' 
poflible^ the Merit and Ability of the Perfon, and the &ir 
expedation from his Pofterity, he having two Sons, both very 
hopeful, prevail'd with his Majefty to refiime the fame over- 
ture^ and in few days it was perfeded, and the Gentleman 
was made a Baron; who prefented the Sum of Six thoufand 
pounds to his Majefty ; whereunon all preparations for the 
Army were proTecured wich efiea. 

AssooN as the King came to Shrewshnjy he had dif- 
patched his Letters and Agents into Wales^ chefhirey and Ijh$* 
cafbirty to quicken the Levies of Men which were making 
there, and return'd from chefier through the North part of 
Wales (where he found the People Cordial to him, and 
Arming themfelves for him ) to Shrewslmry. The King's cu- 
flom was in all Counties , dirough which he palled, to caufe 
the High Sheriff to draw all the Gentlemei^ and the moft 
iiibfhuitial Inhabitants of thofe parts together, to whom ( be- 
fides his careding the principal Gentlemen feveraliy, fami- 
liarly, and very obligii^y) he always fpoke fomething pub- 
lickiy ( which was afterwards Printed ) telling them, 

•* T H A T it was a benefit to him from the Infoiencies and ^^?^ 
** Misfortunes, which had driven him about, that they had spn^h^^ ' 
^'brot^t him to fb good a part of his Kingdom, and to tothtGmrj 
** faithful a part of his People. He hoped, neither They, nor *«< Cmm*^ 
** He (hould repent their coibing together. He would cio His ^J^jj^^^ 
** part, that they might not ; and of Them he was confident q^Um 
** before he came. He told them," The Refidence of an Army thrmgh 
^' was not ufiially plea(ant to any place; and His might carry ^iA b§ 
< more fear with it, fince it might be thought ( being robbed f*S«^ 
*^ and fpoiled of all his own, and fuch Terror ufed to fright 
<< and keep all Men from fupplying him ) he muft only live 
<< upon the Aid and Relief of his People. But he bid them 
f^ not be afraid ; and laid, " He wiflied to God, his poor Sub- 
<^ jedls fuflfer'd no more by the Infolence, and Violence of that 
^' Army raifed againil him, though they had made themfelves 
•^wanton with Plenty, than they ihould do by His; and yet^ 
"he feared he Ihould not be able to prevent all Diforders; 
<^ he would do hisbeft; andpromifed them, no Man flxould 
" be a lofer by him if he could help it. He faid " He had 
*^fent for a. Mint, and would melt down all his own Plate, 
f ^ and expoTe all his Land to fale, or mortgage, that he mighc 


gg The Hiftory Book VI. 

^briag the leaft preflufe upon tbcin. However, he invited 
tbem ^To do tbat for Mob, and themrdves, for themainte- 
*' nance of dieir Retigioo, and the Law of the'Lcnkl (by 
^ which they enjoyed all tiiat they had ) which other Men 
^did againltthein; he defined them, ^not to fiifier fo good 
' ^ft CauTe to be loft, for want of Applying htm with that, 
^ which would be taken frooir them, by thofe who parfiied 
^ his Majefty with tbat Violeqce. And whilft thofe ill Men 
^ ficrificed their Money, Phte^ and utmcrfl Induftry, to de* 
•^ftroy the Cosunon-weddi^ They woulcf be no lew Kberal 
^topreferve it. He bid them afliire themfdves, ifitpleafed 
^ God to blefi him with Succe&, be wOdd remember the 
^ Affiftance every particular Mim give him to his advantage. 
** However it wcndd hereafter (how furioufly foever the minds 
^ of fome Men were now joflefied ) be Honour and Com* 
^ fort to them, that with fome charge and trouble to them" 
^* felves, they had done Their part to Support their King and 
^ Preferve the Kingdom. 

His MajeQy always took notice of any particular reports, 
which, either with reference to the puUick, or their private 
concerns, might make imforeffion upon that People, am gavb 
clear Aniwers to them, with this gracious and Princely de- 
meanour, it is hardly credibte how much he won upon the 
People; fo that not only his Army daily increafed by Vo* 
hmtiers (for there was not a Man pi-efled) but fuch proporti- 
ons of Plate, and M(niey, were voluntarily brou|;ht in, that 
the Army was folly and cooftandy paid : the King having 
eredled a Mint at Sbrewshirj^ more for reputation than ufe. 
(For, for want of Work men, and Inftruments, they could 
not Coyn a thou&nd pounds a week ) and caufing aU his own 
Plate, for the Service of his Houfhold, to be delivered there, 
made other Men think, theirs was the le(s worth the preferving. 
Shortly after the Earlof JB^x came to Worcejhry he 
fent a Gentleman ( Fketmood^ the lame who had afterwards fo 
great power in the Army, but then a Trooper in his Guards } 
to Shrewsbury^ without a Trumpet, or any other ceremony 
than a Letter to the Earl of Dorfit^ in which he fidd, " He 
^ was appointed by the Parliament, to caufe a Petition, then 
^ in his nands to be prefented tx> his Majefty ; and therdbre 
** defired his Lordfliip to know his Majelty's pjeafure, when 
** he would be pleafed to recdve it from luch Perfons, as he 
**{hould fend over with it. The Earl of jyttrfet (by his Ma- 
jefty's command, after it had been debated in Cound) what 
Anfwer to return) fent him word in writing, ^ That the King 
**• had always been, and would beftiU ready to receive any 
^Petition from his two Houfes of Parliament} and if the 
^ Earl bad any fuch to be prefented, if he fent it by any Per- 

5* fons, 

of tie ReheUioH, &c. ^ 

**ibns. *ho ftpod not Ferlbnally accufcd by his Mfljefty of ' ■ 
"Higp Treafon, and excepted fpecially in all'offers of Par- 
" don madcby him, the Ferfbns who brought it Ihould be 
"wclcomcj and the King would return fuch an AnfWer to 
** it, as Oioiild l}c ^rceable to Honour, and Juftice. Whether 
this litmtacion as to Meflengers difpleafed them (as it was if- 
jtermrds &id, that the Meflengers appointed to have delivertd 
it were ttte Lord Mmndtvilj and M' UamMen^ who, thoy 
thought, would have skfll to make infiifions into many I'er- 
JoDS then about his Majelty j and the hopes of that accefs be^ 
ing bancd h:g that limitation, and exception, they would 
not fend any other ) or wliat other reafon foever there wis, 
.the King heard no more of this Petition, nor any addrcfs bf 
tfc(t Nature, till he Ibund, by fome new Printed Votes, and 
Dectattttions, '* That be was guilty of another breach en the 
*' Privilege of Parliament, for having refided to receive their 
•' Petition, except it vere prefentetfin fuch a manner ae ifltf 
** prefer jbed : Whereas They alone were Judges in whatfflin- 
** per, and by what Perroiis their own Petitions Ihonid be de« 
".** liyCr'dj and he ought (fa to receive thcrp. So that Petitioa 
which is before fee down in the very tb^ms it pafs'd both 
Houfes, was never dcliver'd to his Majefty. ■ 

i* H E R E cannot be too often mention of the wondcrtiil Pro- iw fimpb 
■Videiice of Cjod, that from that low defpif^ conditioft tfie 'Z'** Kjw' 

f|ing was in at WWttgAtfw, after the fetting up his Standard, |^J^," 
e mould be able to get Men, Moriey, pr Arms, fo thit, i„™. 
within twenty days after his coming to si^stury^ he rcfotv'd 
to march, ki defplght of the Enetny, even towards Losdoit; 
jhis Foot by this time, confilfiiig or ^btiiit fix thoufand; ahd 
Jnis Horfc of two thoulandjdis Train in very good Order, 
commanded by S'JFoA* ii^<&»- Anid thoiigh- this ftrength 
^as tniich inferior to the tinemy, yet as itA^as greater ct^ 
|u]y Min thought podible to be railed. To all thought it f\Mi- 
'tienc'tb encounter the Rebels. BeCdestSat it was' confident- 
H.beliey'd ( and not without fooie'^oynds, upon correfoob- 
.q^nce yith fpme Officers in the other_A?nTy}'yijit, ai Iboi'as 
the Armies came within aiiiy reaTonable diftanijc ofeach othiir, 
very many Soldiers Woiild leave tlitir Colob'rSj^andcoiilfrto 
.BbftKing^ wKich expeftatjori V^s Confirt(i'a by divers Sydi- 
itrs; who every day d'fopped in'from thofe Forces; and, lo 
,n]ai(e themfelves welcome, told many Siories of their fcl- 
low'a refolutions, whqm they had left behind. 

,Amd contefs'd, that either by the care and di- 
.JJgcnce of the Officers , or by ihe good inclinations, and terti- 
'jjtr of the Soldiers tiiemfelves, the Army w.isin fo good t>r- 
'.'.'der and difcipline, that, during the Icing's ft'iy at Sisre-jjsbvry, 
■,,there was not any' remarkable disorder; the CotiiitVy beihg 

Vol. n. Pin J.- ' - -: D ' vfty 

40 The Hi/iory Book VL 

very kind to the Soldiers, and tHe Soldiers juft, and regardful 
CO the Country. And b^ the free Logins and Contributions 
of the Gentlemen, and Subftantial Inhabitants, but efpecially 
by the afliftance of the Nobility, who attended, the Anny 
was lb well paid, that there was not the leafl mutiny or diir 
content for want of pay ^ nor was there any caufe ; for they fel- 
dom failed every week, never went above a fortnight unpaid. 

The greateix difSculty was to provide Arms^ of whidi 
indeed there was a wonderfiil fcarcity, the King being ex- 
ceedingly diiaopointed in his expedtation of Arms isom Hoi- 
Umd'y a Veflel or two havii^ been taken by ,his own Ships, 
under the Comonand of the ^1 of H^arwkk y fo that, except 
eig^t hundred Mufquets, five hundred pair of Piftols, and 
two himdred Swords, which came with the Powder, landed 
in r9rk-Jhir9y as is before mentioned, the King had none in his 
Magazine^ (b that he was compell'd to begin at Nottingham^ 
and fb in all places as be pafled, to borrow the Arms from 
. file Train'd-bands ; which was done with fb much warinefs 
and caution ( albeit it was known that thote Arms would, 
being left in thofe hands, be imployed againft him, or at leaft 
be of no uie to htm) that it was done rather with their con« 
lent, dian by any conflraint, and always with the fiill appro- 
bation of their Commanders. And therefore in Twk-fhire^ and 
Shrop-Jhirey where the Gentlemen very unskilfiilly, though 
with good meaning, defired that the Arms might fcillbe lot 
in the Country Men's hands, there was none of that kind of 
borrowing. But, in all places, the Noblemen^ and Gentle- 
men of Quality, fent the King fuch fupplies of Arms^ out of 
their own Armories (which were verv mean ) fo that bv all 
thofe Means together^ the Foot, all out three or four hun- 
dred, who marcned without any Weapon but a Cudgel, were 
Arm'd with Mulquets. and Bags for their Powder, and Pikes ; 
but, in the whole BQd}^ there was not a Pikeman, had a Cor- 
ilet, and very few Miuqueteers who had Swords. Among the 
Horfe, the Officers had their fiill defire, if they were able to 
procure old Backs, and Breafts, and Pots with Piftols, or Ca- 
rabinj^, for their two or three firft Raxiks, and Swords for 
the reft; themfelves (and fome SoMiers by their examples) 
having gotten, befides their Piftols and Swords, a (hort Pole- 

Ths Foot w^e divided into three Brigades; the firft 
commanded by S' Nkbolas Byrmjthe fecond by Colonel Har- 
Tj Wknt'mrthy the third by Colonel Jtktmrd FhUlmgy Sr Jatot 
Jfftbfy being Major General, and commanding the Foot im- 
inediately under the General. For, tbougjh Genem RtfttenyWho 
came to the King fbiiie few days before he left Sinwsivru 
was made FzddMarfhal, yet be kept wbdtty with the Horie 

Of the l^leUion^ &c. 4.1 

'^4^ift TivaiO^tbfmvixA^^ Arthur Afiom^ of wbofe Sol- 
diery there was a very great efteem, was made Colonel Gene- 
ral of the Dragoons^ whidi at that time, though conGfting 
of two xir tiuee Regiments, were not above eight hundrec^ 
or a dxxAnd at the mbft. Moft of the Perfons of Qualicy, 
etcept tbofe wbofe attendance was near the Kin^s own Per- 
fon, put tbemfelves into the King's Troq> of uuards, com* 
manoed by the Lord Bemsrd Sfewsrt; and made indeed fo 
gallant a Body, that^ uppn very modeft computation, the 
£fiate^ and Revenue! or tbdt' (ingle Troop, it was thouglit^ 
mi^t jufily be Valudl at leaft eaual to all theirs, who then 
Voted urboth Hou(es,under the Name- of theLords and Com- 
monk of Parliament, which made and maintained that War. 
Thmt Servants^ under the command of S' WiBimn KJl^grem^ 
made another full Troop, and always marched with their Lords 
and Matters. 
In this equipage the King marched from stmpsiury on the T»e KIni 

Army not one Officer of the Field who was a Papiit, except /rM> 
S^ Arthur Aficmj if he were one ^ and very few common ^'^^ 
Soldiers of that Religion. However the Parliament, in ^^J/^l^^ 
their Declarations, and their Clergy much more in their Ser^ dotu 
mons, affiired the People, ^ That the King's Army coniiftcd 
^ onl^ of Papifts , wnilft themfeives entertained all of that 
Religion, that they could get; and very many, both 0£Ek:er8 
and Soldiers, of toat Religion ^ngag^ with them ; whether 
it was that they really believed, that That Army did defire Li:* 
berty of Conicience ibr all Religions, as fome of the chief of 
them pretended, or that they dcured to divide themfeives for 
oonununication of Intelligence, and Intereft. And here it is 
not fit to forget one particular, that when the Committee of 
Parliament appointed to advance the fervice upon the Pro* 
poOtion for Plate, and Horfes, in the County <A Suffolk ^ teat 
word to the Houft of Commons, ^ That fome Papifts oSsa^d 
^ to lend Money upon thofe Propofitions, and deured advice 
^< whether they ihould accept of it ; it was Anfwer'd, ^ That if 
^ they ofier'd any confiderable Sum, whereby it might be con^- 
^ ceiv'd to proceed from a real ztkOaon to the Parliament^ 
^and not out of Policy to bring themfeives within their Pro- 
<' tedlion, and fo to'excufe d^eir Delinquency, it Ihould be 
*^ accepted of. 

When the King was ready for his march, there was fome 
diflference of opinion which way he Ihould take j many were 
of opinion that he (hould march towards Worceftery where 
the Earl of £^x ftill renuun'd ; thc^ Countries were thoMg^t 

D* wcU 

4^ ;: 'mMmv . . Book vi. 

4rjeU jaffeaed> t^^. Kujgj .^hfl^^hi^ Amy Sj^Qu^d b^ f^p- 
•plied letcb prpvj&ii^ .^^ f^^p^ i^ Nutnbpr^^ ^ l^c 
^Q time U]tQiiU;b9.J^ftid;5:§.9Vfig IP ^K^cdej b^i;^ (the 
longer ic.was deim^d^ tt}^ jftrooger ,the iEiaijl iwcml^jpoW) 
A^jTithe iupplies arhij* V^fjb fWry.fJ^ fc^t .to him ftftm X^n. 
-i^»;jafidiic todiftDi* ,<if .Arngs to* l^m po fupply :^ ^e- 
-fcflfcs pf fihait;fcipd. However it i¥^ ;«;tiQMghc mpi;e ^nfeH- 

lahle to mw:\i idiceSJ}r t<^W9^^l^Vl¥U^rM tteipg. mqr^aurc, 
-jthat ;jbe fail of £^ wpiUd,f ufihk^felf in t|;ieir mgy* The 
King had j»udi fm&i^OG^ .to i^g [I%1§ j(4ms Nppjjipw Prinqe 
JBii^«ff beiogiQ cbcibcad $>CiJ(&pip jsij^P -wiere :^i^'d ^7 
4heir fucccft at:»%rfi^i ,^:lf.iiipJb^fl^ tjyit 

.way, he Mrould haycibfiopi mifmV^if^ y».ix^^<^W^ M«e 
4u8 Honfe -WQuM have b^m.If^ u^^> Wt^ereas 4;l)prc were 
cinany opea grounds Jftwr tbwKbfir w;jiy,, miicti .fitter for an 
Engagement. And ib, about the middle of OBob$r^ jch9 King 
/ '* marchy jftom ^rfwstisry^ iW^iqwr^rVl i^hat iiight ;ap firi^ge- 
Mrtby .tcfi .Mtto iftoOQ tbs Qt)v;r.plaqej» where -there W4s a 
^R^ndezyoiieioOibP J^tote Arpiy^ v^ 
M^/aQdth€i^:ct9l^/i^4»i!)i;f^ S'fVK^^' Vj fWi jl^^ 
.mjt&, ^ Jt^fe^iOf. the JI^Qg^s^ ^t^ viejy i^pbile S<^ .where 
i^.King teiiied loae.d^ ^ wherie 5^ LprdChief Jultipe £(fii/it, 
who ;masmadeOuQr Jufti(ze^r.^t purpofe (fr^n^o^r^ a 
Manof gceat Learnkig aod Intpgrity^ being, without ^py pur- 

n's .of di&&YOur, rjcmoy^d ff Qmitbat Oi^ce. beoi^ie he ftood 
nd by Kjcco^^nqe to .#9^^ the ParUameiit, ^uppn ain 
<it£cuiation .de;pending th^re agfijQ[t b^) beguntofit upon a 

iCommiflioaifiOyer and T<?rminer, tpftt^ntthe J^of £/^ 



-fixy and many otter J^^fdw /wjbo weje in .R.ebellipn, .of Hlg( 
;Treafon. „ . . .: . 
. SauE idapjbid pafled wi^hoMl^ iinypo^ce of t)i^t .i)jripy > 
.iome jreportingttbat:it ((maio'il ftili at.fTiNr^^^j Qt^^, |^t 
tCfaey were .ilQardi'd:ihe dir€!£t(VKay£rpm^he;nce tpW(^4$ i>M 
•^;v. ButriotoUigeiice (»iipei6K>r^>l^/^ ^Tb^t v^ m^ny 
jffX3ffice^.o^>j;M|ic, dndiCowwRd in tfee Parliaijiciit ^rffy, 
tWiad undpi^Qne;thk forvice :W«h laj&il.l .re/plucipi;i SOrp<W€ .^ 
^fhe.King^jWbifeqflias ttepy>Wrc?wilhinc^py dWfgijqCo aftd it 
"ifSam ^'mA^iiJastt the J(^«QHW)fej;i-^ Prpqbi^wqninto 
-« Jhe Arioipii: jfoj^^and /tpiQ^C8ftri4fi»:ft9 i^l wljSo ^PWjl jX«- 
cffteum£o'uioifoo6edieacff. i^Mr^clms^^WJ^fi^W^^,^' 
-ooi!dihgly,.md«lL«fcura(biii»fti^ jhac-^,yS5akl 

attiouldibeieQrio^Mpofil^ iftiip(jt^.j|JjWpf clj^.jpa^ A^^y* 
when it (houfd be drawn up in Battle. But, ^t.^^ P^^y 
''JOilo^tspi,rii€xik^^mpM^ we^,f9jgot- 

--n^ pr.omicftaUJacabct^lnev^p«^¥ft(J^iWi^ W«&.«yrfri- 
\t any ef.tboftiifebtnaUdes. 


*•**•* <L ' « 

M jjf^ifidt^OffiasM^ l»fa£^ grew qtaddvtetb a perfed Fa».;»» m ri»« 
dioft' ^€^^ tbe Pbbc tod (he Horfe^ Tte &ii of tM^J^H^' -^ 

yi^ ^m G6fidia cf tM Whbte Army by Hit CcnUniffioo, shid)'"^* 
tfaoM^t tcj^y eaod tfo 1i^. But when- PntictRuf^t came tb^ 
tte Kdi^ which Was aftieif the Scafldard iros fe& tip^ and w/ 
o^d a' Cbmfhiflion to bd General of tbff Hdrfe^ which^ all 
Hferi ftiie#. Was deT^'d for faim, thefd^ wai a daMe inflrted- 
imi^-it, dc^pdng hito from r^feiving Oi^rtB ftoih any Bbd^ 
bttt miW flief Kinje Umfelf :- Whichy uikM <^e matter, fepiraredi 
aff flie Horfe' ftSat any dep^ttdencd ubcd the Generate indi 
Ktd 60^ ill tonfeqtiences inf it : for whM ifh^ King at Mid^> 

i^:^ btitig m biaB^ tod^ttceivii^ IntMMgMcd of the Em^ 
ad36^ ihotioD, comiinahd^d tM LdrdFtfAAMMT; hw prindpd* 
Secret^ of State , io dii^^ Prince JRfif^W^ WbM he IhouU. 
do^ Hid Hf^nefs t6ok itf Very ill^ aAd eSHfollBlMd with the 
' '^1 fJ^aiamt^ for 2|)t Jrfg' Mfih OrdeVs. • Mff CdQld not faiva^ 
t&i^ his ^kbm d^iffi slt^Ma»^.wh^' w^M feel or ii^ 

firld it left. Fte tdkfftimy « That i€ wai ttfer Office to fig»ifjr= 
^hat tBe Kihg bid hith j WRith he fiiouid ahvteys do ^ and; 
^ th^ i6s HTghrneffr, id ifegHi€»fiig if^ neg^nSiaA the King ^ wteon 
cfid; x^ithef ifie Prifa^tf ^ «bif )^ 6mf SknffHe ioy godd , t^ 
c6i!nptj[tbg ii^fheii^il^MM^ hi^ r66gh >f«t09e. But tbd' 
"^^ Wair fa indulge 't«h«fl> ffiat ttd (dc» hib idviciaria dt- 

ciixx^^s' i>elatlj)^ tb the Aftn/* a'M il{)M «hl( ^«liberation oP 
theiF iii^ch, ^d eKe Mir66f (he Kl^^(he;r t<efolv'd to li^' 
in *ilH the EheftiV, m totmir'd tntimy W§tll Prince Jr#*f 
t^i'tiMc^y rejtaing iW dfnfli^ti of AdOtttefttly WhapWH> 
ftfPd tS[6 Order he h^d l^^ed W^i^'Frnd^ if4urici^ attP 
lftV[ictmtfy^ With wfiidriS Re had fefirtf:*:'^ tof fame tinte^' 
^hferifl^efEafl ofE^y ftoid h^,- bdthbf f<IAn$'lalt R^pnim^ 
iTbe rifcrVediidff of the Priii^e's Nitlifif; and tlr«litel« Eddii*' 
tlof^ ik ih\iti had in Cotiik^st' iftidc? hirti 'mm'i&^^ xguain' ' 
aiild6 with aii/of the Lbrai, wh6 ^tt^'tmtSf^Vk€9f& di^' 
cotihlgid frorh applyiiig *efcfelvd§ fe Hiia j wfeife' feiue.Of^* 
&tin of the Horfe were w6U pl6i»»i t^ *KfVd that ifraMft* 
i^efi; and foibented it'; b61ie^iti± ^dl* Cftfdif' W&crid bd tbar 
greater with die Prince , and im^ thit fio Other Perflm' 
ihbufd hive any Credit with the King. 8(V ^' War was fcarce 
Wgtiii when there appeared foch FadHbn «<d DefigA* in th^ 
Amty, which Wife Meh look'd upon is a vety evil Prcfage ; 
and the inconveniencies, which flow'd from thcflce, gave the 
King great trouble in a (hort time afcer. 

W 1 1 H I N two days after th6 King iftardh'd frotnf Shre^fi'she EaH 
iurvy the Earl of Effkx mdVed frbtf) WWeeJl^ to'ifttend Yam^^f EflTex 
with an Afmy far Sirperibf ifi Niimbdi? to the King's; die**^^*"^- 
Horfe and tdoc fattng cotepfeatly Arfe^dj iftd the Mtn ve7'"" '^'^''^• 

D 3 well 

44 TheHiftory Book VI. 

well Exercifed) and the whole Equipage (being fupplied cut, 
of the King's Magazines) fuitable to an Army fee forth at the 
charge of a Kingdom. The Earl of l^dfotd had the Niune 
of General of the Horfe, thoq^ that Command principally 
depended upon S*" WOiiam Balfour. Of the Nobility he had 
with him the Lords Ksmtohat^y Samt-Jein, U^artouj Rp* 
tertsy and the Lords Roctfordy and Fie/amg ( whofe Fathers, 
the Earls of Dovevy and Dentighy charg'd as Voluntiers ip 
the King's Guard of Horfe ) and many Gentlemen of Qua« 
lity ; but his Train was fo very great^ that be could move but ' 
in fllow marches. So that the two Armies, though they were 
but twenty Miles aftinder, whei\ they firft ifet forth^ wd both 
march'd the fame way, gave not the leaft difquiet in ten davs 
inarch to each other; and in truth, as it appeared afterwards, 
neither Army knew where the other was. 

The King by. quick mar.ches, having feldom refted a day 
in any place, came,' on S^turd^ the %%d SiOSi^Uty to Edgctit a 
Village in lHwibmnf^m-Jhprfy withinfbur.Milesof BMMrrjjr, 
in which the Rd^els had a Garrifon. Aflbon as he came thi- 
tlier he call'd a Council of War, and having no Intdligence. 
tibac the fiarl of Efftx was within any di(Um.ce, it was rdolv'd > 
^,the King and the Army fhould reft. in thofe Quarters the 
^ next day, only that Sr Nicholas Byrom (hould march with his 
^Brigade, and attempt the taking in ciBanhury. With this 
RefoTution the Counpl broke up, and all Men went to their 
Quarters, which were at a great diffcance, without any appre- 
henfion of an Enemy. Bqt that night, about twelve ot the 
Clock, Prince Rupert fent the King word, ^ That the Body of 
^the Rebel's Army was within Teven or eight Miles, and 
^that the head Quarter was at a Village caTl'd Keinton on 
^the Edge of W^rtmk-Jhire'y and that it would be in his 
^ Majefty^s power, if he thought fit, to fight a Battle the next 
*^day; whicn his Majefty liked welL and therefore immediate- 
ly difpatch'd Orders to crofs the defign for Baniuryy <<And 
^ that the whole Army (hould draw to a Rendezvous on the 
^ top of E4ge-HtB^ which was aiii^ Hill about two Miles from 
Kehftcny where the h^d (garter of the Earl was, which had 
a clear profpedt of all that v alleyl 
Thf Bfttle I N the morning being Sunday the%y^oi OSohevy when the 
pf^^^^^ Rebels were beginning their ftiarch (for they fufpedled not 
y^ ^*' the King's Forces to be ijearj they per^reiv'd a fair Body of 
Horfe on the top gf that Hill, and eafily concluded their 
March was not then to be far. (t is certain they were ex- 
iceedingly fiirprifed, having never had any other Confidence 
pf their Men, than by the difparity they concluded would be 
ftiU between their Numbers, and the King's, the which they 
j^und th^felves qow deceiv'd in. For two of their ftrongeft 


Of the Rehellion^ &c. ^y 

iuid betl R^iioents, erf* Foot^ and one Regiment of Horfe^ 
was a days, mardi bdiind with dieir Ammunition. So that^ 
tfaou^ they were ftill fuperior in Number, yet that difference 
was not fo great as they promifed themfelves. However it 
cannot be denied that the Earl, with great dexterity, perform'a 
whatfoever could be expeded from a Wife ueneral. He 
chofe that ground which oeft liked him. There was between 
the Hill and the Town a fiadr Camj^oi, (ave that near die' 
Town it was narrower, and on the rig|ht hand Tome Hedg^ 
and Inclofiires : fo that there he placed MuTqueteers, andnoc 
above two Regiments of Horfe, where the ground was nar* 
roweft; but on his left Wing he placed a Body of a thoufiuid 
Horfe, Commanded by one Rsmfiy a Sc§tS'mm ^ the Referve 
of Horfe, which was a good one, was Commanded by the 
Ear^ of Bidford^ General of their Horfe. and Sr imUm BMt- 
four with him. The General Himfelt was with the Footy 
which were order'd as much to advantage as mi^t be. And 
in this pofture they ftood from eight of the Clock in the 

On tne other fide, though Prince Ibtpert was early in the 
morning with the sreateft part of the Horfe on the top of ite 
Hill, which gave tne £nemy the firft Alarm of the neceffity 
of fighting, yet the Foot were quartered at fo great a diftance^' 
that many Rc^ments march'd feven or eig^t Miles to the. 
Rendezvous. S> that it was paft one of die Qock, beford 
the King's Forces march'd down the Hill ; the General him*' 
felf alighted at the head of his own Regiment of Foot, his 
Son the Lord wJlougbijf being next to him, with the King's 
Kedment of Guards, m which was the Kin^s Standard car-p 
* lied by Sr Edmund Vemey Knight Marihal. The King's rigfit 
Wing of Horfe was Commanded by Prince Rupert^ the left 
Wing by Mr Wilmot Commiffiiry Goieral of die Horfe, who 
was iaflilted by Sr Arthur Aftan with mod of the Dragoons^ 
becaufe that left Wing was oppofed to the Enemies rig^ 
which had the Ihelter of fome Hedges lin'd with Mufqueteers : 
and the Referve was committed to Sr Jobm Bframy and con- 
GRpcf indeed only of his own Regiment. At die entrance 
into the Field, the King's Troop ^Guards, either provoked 
by (bme uhfeaibnable Scofis among the Soldiery, or out of de- 
fire of Glory, or both, befou^t the King, ^That he would 
^ give them leave to be abfent that day from his Perfon, and 
^ to Charge in the Front among the Horfe, the which his Ma^ 
*^ jefty confented to. They defir*d Prince Ibfpert " to give 
^ them that Honour which belonged to them ; who accord* 
ingly affign'd them the firft place ^ whidi, though they pcr- 
form'd their parts with admirable Courage, may well be 
reckoned among the overfi^ts of that day. 

D 4 It 

^^ TbeHifioTf Book VI. 

. It was Qear three of the Qock in the afternoon, before 
the Battle be^n ^ which, at that time of the year, was fo late, 
that fpme were of opinion, << That the bdfinefs (hould be de- 
'^ferr'd till the next dav. But againft that there were many 
pbjc<aions, " The Kirigfs Numbers could not increafe, the E- 
^^nemies might ^ for they had n9C only their Garrifons* Wat' 
jpsfky Coventry, and Baniury, within diftapce, bu|: all that 
jCjlIouatry fo devoted to them, that they had all Provifions 
brought to them, without the leaft trouble; whereas, on the 
ijther fidey the People were fo diMeifted to the King^s Party, 
t^at they had carried away, or hid all their Provffiohs^ info- 
inuch as t^ere was neither Meat for Man, or Horfe j and the 
v^ry Smiths jjiid themfelves, that they might not be compdl'd 
to mde Hprfes, of which in thofe ftony ways there was great 
need. This proceeded not from any radical Malice, or diif- 
2^tQxoTi to the King's Caufe, or his Perfon, though it is true^ 
that circuit in which this Battle was. fought, being very much 
^n the Intereftcif the Lord Say, and tlie Lord BrookL was tte* 
moft eminently corrupted of any County in England-, but by 
t^Cireports, andinfiiuons which the other very dilig<ent Party. 
lSd;.yr6ughc ii)to the People's belief^ "That the Cavaliers 
^^wereofaFierce, Bloody,aiid Licentious difpofition, and that 
^Aey coniimittedall manner of Cruelty upon the Inhabitants 
f?bf thofe piajces where thev .came, of whicn. Robbery was the 
^*leali: fo that die. poor People thpught there was no other 
way to prejfprve their Goods, dian by hiding them out of the 
wayi which was confel^d. by them, when thby fovmd how 
much that information had wronged them, by, making therdi 
fo injurious tp their Friends, And therefore where the Army 
reffedaday they found much better Entertainment at parting,* 
t^n when; ^faiey camej for it will not be denied^ that there 
was no ^rfon pf Honour or Quality, who paid not pun- 
dually and exadly fpr what they had ^ and there was not the 
feaft violence or diforder amofag the Common Soldiers in their 
n^arch, whi(;h foaped exemplary punishment, fo tba^ a^ ^T^, 
it^h^^,.i.TxyiSfti{ogQntr2A\y wicked, that it j^ad rifdn upon 
feali Parties.of.the King^^ and kill'd, or taken them Pri-* 
l^ers, .afid'fent tt^m to C?a;e»/r^,' declaring a moreper^ni- 
|»tpry;MfiUce tohis Majdly than any other olace, two Sol- 
ders were ^ecuted, for having taken, feihe fmall trifle of no 
value put of a Hpufe, whbfe owner was at that titpe in the 
^SelsArmyi^ Sp.ftrid; was the difcipline in this ^rmy; 
wh^n the G^her, vii:khout concrpul, pradtif^d all the di(folute* 
ti^ iroagifiiabl^^^ But thema^rch was fo faflb, that .the leaving 
a^qod Kfptltation behind them,: was no Harbinger to pro^ 
vide for tneir bfetbec R^pt^n in the next QBarters;^ So that 
tbfir wants were fo creat, at th^ time wh£n tfi'ey came to 

Cfthi Seh^UitH, Sec. %'i 

E^t-inUj that ihai were very maii^Cptiipinicis of thtf ^^"^^i 
inon Soldiers, wtb had icarce eacca Bread in ct^t ^dioiij* 
hours before. The only way to cure tliif was a Victory jl 
and dieieft)K die King ^ve' toe Word, though it was la^Cy 
die Enemy iceeping their groutid to receive bim vitbout Ad^ 
vancing at all. , '. 

In this'hurryj tliere was aooibaliori of foiiiewhar, whtci[ 
ibe King intended to have executed hefdre' thi beginhiajg oE 
the Battle. He had caufed many Proctamations to be Prtntet^ 
of Pardon to all thofe Soldiers who would lay dowii ihcti 
^xaa. which he relblv'd, as' is faid before, to have feat by i 
Herald to the Earl of E^ix^ and to have found way's to ^ave 
fcacter'd, and difperfed them in ijiat Anny, aObonas he ua* 
^eiitood they were within aiiy diiiance of him. But all Mea 
were now io much otherwifc bufied, riwt it was not fooft 
oioUgh remeinb^Pd; and when ic was, the Proclamatioai' 
^tje not at hand; which, by ihat which follows, might jpri*; 
bably have pfocTuced a good effed. For sis the ri^c wiiw 
of the Kn_g;s Horfe advanced to Charge the left Win^ whic£ 
^as the grols pf Jlie Enemy's Horfe, ^ ^Faitf^itl Forttfem 
fvihOi biting, his jp ortunc and Inr^rcft in Irtl^na, was come ^ 
QUE of &ii Kingdom to halVen'iiippiies ihither,, ^'d had li 
Troop of Honfe raiftd for him for, chat Servwe, _6ut as maaj 
^ther (if thpfi: Forces were, fo his Troop waa luceWile d^ftofea 
tmo maf Ai-myj and he was now Major ro Sr ffilUam'it^&r^ 
He) wit£ hiS^w^9lc Troop advanced from iHe gcoTs'of their, 
H<^4;(uid dHchWing all meir Pjltoli on the^ound, wichia 

S" "de more than' Garabine llior of his own- Body, fftfentiea 
imiyf,^ and his Troop to Prince, Rupert i and immSdiatcI]^ 
i[ich 11% HighneJs, charged tbe £nemy. Whether tW lucf 
win Acdd^t, dr it mighcyery- well, and tifie'not kndwinfj 
bow niuiy more were of thclaiTie mind, each Man looking 
upon his-Cbmranjon with the fame apprehenfioh as upon tli^ 
Eaerny, or whether the terror of Prince Ri^f,j and tbe 
King's Horfe, or all together, with theii own Cvil Qotf^ 

faxes, wrought u^n mem, 1 ki^ow aoi, but that miole 
ing, having unskilfully cltfcfaarg'd (heir Carabines' uid P>* 
lis into the Air, wheel d about,- the King's Horfe chargiiiy 
in the Sziik and rear, and having thus abfolutely routed them^ 
purlned them ^ing; and had uic execution of them above 
two Miles. 

The left Wing, Commanded by M^ Wlbuot, had as good 
(uccefs, though they were io chargerin M^orfe ground, amtnig 
tKdgef,' and throiigh gaps and dicches, which were lin'd wtttf 
Muf^uec^erf. But Sr Artleur ^fiom, with gr^t Courage and 
Dexter^* beat ,off thofe. jyluftjuetters wicli his Dragoons j 
ind then toe rigEt Wingbf their HoHc was as eafily routed 

48 TbeHifiory ?ookVL 

and difperied as their left^ and diofe follow'd the Chafe as fu« 
lioufiy as the other. The Referve feeing none of the Ene- 
my's Horfe left, thought there was nothing more to be done, 
but to purfue thofe that fled^ and could not be contatn'd by 
tiieir Commanders 9 but with Spurs and ioofe Reins follow'd 
the Chafe, which their left Wmg had led them. And by 
this means, whillt moft Men thought the Vi3ory unqueftion- 
able, the King was in danger of the £ime Fate which his Pre- 
decdibr Hufry the Third had at the Battle of Lewes againft 
Ins Barons; when his Son the Prince, having routed their 
Horf^ follow'd the Chafe (b far, that, before his remm co 
die Fiefd, his Fadier w^ taken Prifoner ; and fo his Vidory 
ftnr'd only to make die misfortunes of that day the more in- 
tolerable. For all the King's Horfe having thus left the Field, 
many of diem only following thd Execution, others intend- 
ing the Spoil in the Town of Kehaon^ where all the Bagsage 
iVas, ancl the Earl of Effex^s own Coach, which was axen, 
fllnd brought away ; their Referve, Commanded by Sr WiUiam 
Baffrufy moved up and down the Field in good Order, and 
marching towards the King's Foot pretendra to be Friends, 
till pbferving no Horfe to be in readine& to chai^ them, 
they brake in upon the Foot, and did great Execution. Then 
tvas the General the Earl of Undfey^ in the head of his Re- 

g'ment, being on Foot, fliot in the Thigh ; with which he 
lly and was prefendy encompaft'd with me Enemy; and his 
Son, the Lord Wtlhugbkj^ P^o^Jf endeavouring the Refcue 
of his Father, taken Prifoner with him. Then was the Standard 
taken (Sr Edmmd Vemeyj who bof e it, being kill'd) but Re- 
ftued again by Captain Jofm SmHbj an Officer of the Lord 
GrandmfiS Regiment of Horfe^ and by him broudit off. 
Aiid if^ thofe tforfe had beffirr'd themfelves, they mipt with 
little difficulty have deffaroy'd, or taken Prifoner the King 
Himfelf, and his two Sons, the Prince i^ Wales and the Duke 
ofTorky being willi fewer fhan one hundred Horfe, and thofe 
without Officer pr Command, within half Mufquet (hot of that 
Body, before he fbfpedled them to be Enemies. 

Wh e n Priilce Jbtfert retiim'd fix>m the Chafe, he found 
this great alter^t^on in the Field , and his Majefty hitnfelf 
with few Noblemen, and a fmall Retinue about him, and the 
hope of fo Glorious a Day qUite vanifh'd. For though moft 
of the Officers of Horfe were returii'dj and that part of the 
Field cover'd again with the Ioofe Troops,, yet they could 
not be perfwaded, or dra^^n to charge either the Enemiei^ 
Referve of Horfe, which alone kept the Field, or the Body 
of their Foot, which only kept their ground. The Officers 
pretending, ^ That their Soldiers were fo difperfed; that there 
^ were not ten of any Troop together ; tod the Soldiers, 
\- - • '■■■- ■ ' -' ^-^--"that 

OftheReheUion^ &c. 49 

^ that their Horfes were fo tired, that they could not dttree.'. 
But the truth is, where many Soldiers of one Troop or Ke- 
gim^t were railed together, there the Officers were waoN 
ing ^ and where the 0£Bcers were ready, there the Soldiers 
were not together j and neither Qfficen, nor Soldiers de» 
fired to move without thofe who properly belong^ to them. 
Things had n6w fo ill an aiped^ that many were of an opi- 
nion, that the Kiiig fhould leave the Field, though it was not 
eaiy to advife whither he (hould have gone; which if he lad 
done, he had left an abfolute Vidory to thofe, who even tt 
i;his time thought themfelves overcome. But the King was 
poGtive againff this advice, well knowing, that as that Ariny 
was raifed by his Perfon and Prefence only, fo it could by 
BO otl^er means be kept together ; and he thoueht it Un^. 

Srincely, to for&ke Them who bad forfaken all they had td 
;rve him : befides, he obferv'd the other fide looked not-tf 
if they thougjit themfelves Conquerers ; for that Refervc^ 
which did fo much mifchief before. Once the return of bit'' 
Horfe, betodk themfelves to a fixt ftation between their Foo^* 
which at beft could but be thouj^to ftand dieir^ground, 
which two Brigades bf the King's did with equal Geairage^ 
4nd gxve equal VolUes; and therefore he try^d all poffible 
w:ays to get the Horfe to charge agtiiif;' eiafily difcerning^ by 
iibme little attempts which were' made^ what a nEotablc iffih' 
preffion a brisk one would have made upon the Ehettiy^ Atid- 
When he faW it was not to be done, he wa» ebhteftc witK their 
only ftanding-ftill. Without doubt, if either^I^r^ had Imown 
the Conltitution of the other, they* had not parted fo fiurly;* 
and, very probably, which foever hid OQiade a bold ofier. had; 
^ompafs'd his end upon his Eneiny. This made many beUevc^' 
ijtioij^ the Horfe vaunted themfelves aloud to have dome* 
their part, that the good Forfuiie.of thelfirft part of the daffy 
which well liian^cd would have fecured the ^reft, wai to &5» 
imputed rather to the Enemy's want of Courage, than- to 
Ch^ir own Virtue (which after fo great a ViSory, could hot 
fo foon have forfaken them) and to meftiddain and une^peded 
reVQlt of ^r Faithful ForUfcue with i whole Troop, no doubt' 
Dduch to the conftemation of thofe he left ; though they had^ 
not fo good Fortune as they defcrv'd ; tot by the negligence 
of not throwing away their Orange Tawny Scarfs, wmch they 
all wore as thelEarl ofEffix's Colours, and being" immediately 
engaged in the charge, many of them, not fewer than feven«> 
teen or eighteen, were fuddainly kill'd by thofe to whom thef> 
jOJrn'd themfelves. 

I N this doubt of ail fides, the Nl^t, the Common Friend 
to weafy'd and diftnay'd Armies,' parted them; and then the 
l^ing caufed his Canpon, which were neardt tte Enemies, to 

. DC; 

^ ,:V^ff^dKy Book VI. 

&QJdf^i$rft 0^9 anid with fus whole Forces' jiin^RIf ^ixt the 
Isf^t' m .^e Fjbeldv by fuch a fire as coul4 Be^ fifii'de ot chef^ 
Ucric wood, and bufbes which grew tHereabib'uts, . uiirefolv'd 
wtoc to dathe ne!ct Morning j roanvreporiSiigV <<Thac At' 
^Enemjr w;as gone; but when the jD^y append, the con. 
trary w^.dii^over^d : tail th^n they' were feeh (landing ill th^ 
ftoac^oflare and. place in ^Hich they fouj|ht^ from whencd 
t|jr Ekrt of Sffexf wifely^ never fofier'd fhem to ftir allrtot 
Nighe J^ pr earning reafonably,- that ifthey were dra\i^n off^ fi> littlp from thA pla/ce, their Nuinbers wbiitd leflen, 
mi t&t c^aQy wpuld run away ^ and therefore he caufed all Provifipas, ijrith. ^rhich the CountiFy fiipplied him' 
pto9ti&l]^^- to fid. brpu^t thither to them for their refrefh- 
iQCCft^.Sind fepofed himfel^ with them iii the place; befides]^ 
f^e Night he reqdy'd a great addition of ftrength^ hot oril^. 
Iff Raying tho^. Morle, and Foot: which ifiad run out of 
we Fiefd'in: the Battle^ but by the arrival of Colonel tiami-, 
4fr«>: fupfd Colonel Qntuffb^^- ;^th two tnouiand fredi Foot 
fjfi^were i:(eckon'd, luaoohg the beft of the Army) arid five 
QUfldiced Hor^^ which osatched a Day behind the Army for 
tJirjEJuiird' of their Ammunition, and a great part of thei^ 
Tmim not fuppofiog ihere would have been any Adtion tha£ 
woaid have . requir'd their prdence. All the advantage tfai^ 
ihiibnahle Recruit brought them,- was to give their otdf 
M^ R>! much G^urage as tq keep the Fiel!^: which it wasf 
othcrwife. beUef t<^ t^y wpd^ hardly have been perfwadeci 

Shave done... In thppt&r Army, after a vprV cold Night 
bKt,iti thfc Field,j. without any refrethtiieht 6t Vidlual, of 
Krovifioti for the Solcfers (for the Country was fo difafieded, 
tbftt jt.aoc only not (eni; id.Provifions,, but Soldiers, who 
^f«^ed: into the Villages for r^li^ were kaockedjn the head 
Bjf the Gammon Peo^.) , The King iFoiind his Troops verjf 
tfiin;^ for rfiough by Conference with the Officers, he might 
mifonable conclude , that there were not many uain in the 
Battle^ yet a third pa^ of hi^. Foot were hot upon the plade, 
and: ot the Horfe ai9W/ miflk^^ and they/that were m the; 
Firid were fo tiredi ^ithf Duty, and weakened with want of 
Meae^; and.fhrunk i^p with the cruel Cold of the Night (for it 
was' a tcrribie Frpftj. and there Was no Ihelter of either Tree 
c^ Hedge ) diat. tk^Ugh they had reafon tp believe, by tlic 
iWMK&g' ftill of tbe^emy, whilft a fmall Party of the King's 
Hotfe^ in. the morning,' took away four Pieces of their Can- 
non very near them, mat any o£^r towards a charge, or but 
duffdhfiig towafds.them^ would have made a notable impref- 
fiobinth^^ yee ther^ was fo vifible an averije^e&'.froni it in 
VOIC& QSfs&ts as well j^ $o£^iers, diat the l^\m thought not 
&itamake the attempt j but contentied himTeiTto keep hi^ 


Of the itehPioffScc. 

Men in Order, the QoAj of Hprfe ^ong thp Enemy upon tbe 
Vield where aev had fought. " ' . " 

Tow^Rps Noon the King 'RefoWdto try that czpcd^ 
ent, whidi was prepared for the dav before^ inAfaxStU^- 
ilt'iMi/tFNK'f Ctarencieux King at Anns, to the Enemy, wiih 
his ProdaiQaCion of Pardon td liich as would \ay down AnM; 
belicviog chough he expeded then Utile benefit by the Prs- 
damacion, that he Ifaould, tty that meam, receive fome id- 
vertilcRie^tofthe condition of the Ariny, and what PtiToBtft 
tbey had cakoi (for many Fcrfons of Command And Qualitv 
were wanting) '^ving him order likewifc to defire to^^e*: 
with -Che Earl of Undfiy^ who was known <o be in ^eir 
hands. Before S' WMiam ame to the Army, tie wu receiv^ 
by the out Guards, and Condu^led> with itrii^nDfa (iluu 4ie 
mi^t Ciy, or publifh nothing amoi^ the Soldiers^ ^ ibe 
.£arl of Eftx ; Who, when he dSer'd to read t^e ProcHBtadi^ 
aloud, and to deliver the cSedt of it,' thfu he' might be bcud 
by thofe who were prefent, rebuked him, widiTotne fou|^ 
inefi, and charged him, " As he lov'd his life, not to prefutne 
*^ to &eak a word to the Sqldiers ; uid after fome ftw quoAj- 
ons, tent turn prefently-btclc well guarded through the Army, 
without any aafwer at all. At bis return he had fb great taa 
.feelinga feqle of the danger he hadpafled, thatbelmde lit- 
tle .Obfervjitipn of the Po^m;e or Numbers of tbe'^eaif . 
Pfliy he fceirf d to have lien, or apprehended (o mudi trouHe 
anil diforder in the ^ces of the £arl of £^x, and the -ptia- 
CJpai Officers about bim, and ^o much dejection in the Cmd- 
inon Soldiers, that they loojced like NJen whoi bad nofitrcher 
AfnbiliQn, than to keep what tl^i^ had left. He ^o:^ 
word of the deaib of the Earl of LJ^diiy j who, befng osrnixj 
OVC of the Pield a Prifoner, into a B^ of .the next Vilkgc^ 
for want of a .Surgeon, -ami fvch.Accommodatioi^ as -wue 
jC^ecel&ry, within few Hours died with the lofs of blood, bis 
:vp;ind not being otherwife Mqri^ or dangerous. -Thitwu ' 
jmpured to the Inhumanity of thex^rl of E^tx, as if'hc Aiad 
purpofely neglefted, or inhibited tlw performing ai^ .nccfiC- 
fary Offices to him, out of the Ihfolfnce of his NatUrej aod 
in Revenge of fome fbimer unkin^n^s, wbidi had IpafirVl 
between them. Bur, 1 prefuqe, it may be wicn^morejuftite 
attributed to the hurry, and diftradion of thatfcafba, wbeo, 
being fo unfecure of their Friends, -they had noihou^ts^- 
caot for their Enemies. For it'is not tO be dcpy^d at-the tikie 
yhen the Earl of I^indfy w^ tajcen Prifoner, the K«i4 of 
Effix thought himfelf in more danger; aod atnqng his&ula, 
yant pf Civility and Courtefy was none. ■ ' ' 

The Number of che fliin, by tfie Teftiqiony of the Mi- 

nilicrs, and others ot che next 'Parlfb, who tpot care of tUe 

: ■ " - -BiHyii/g 

S% TheHiflory Book VI. 

Burying of the Dead, and which was the only Compdtadoa 
that cwld be made , amounted to above five thou&nd ; 
whereof two . parts were cqnceiv'd to be of thofe of the Par. 
liamenc Par^, and not sdx>ve a third part of the King's. In- 
deied the 1q& of both fides wair fo greaL and (b little of Tri- 
umph aiqpear'd in either,: that the Vioory could fcarce be 
imputed to the One or the Other. Yet the King^s keeping 
die Field, and having the Sp(oil of it, by which dplany Per- 
fons of Quality, who had lain wounded in' tbeOfiela were 
prefirv'd^Tlus purfuing afterwards the fame defign he had 
when he was diverted to the Battle^ and fucceeding in it 
(which (hall be touchVl anon) were greater Enfigns of Vi- 
Aory on that fide, than taking the General Prifoner, and the 
taking the Standard, which w^ likewife recover'd, were on 
. the Other. Of the King^s the principal Peribns, who were 
lofl, were the Earl of Undfejy General of the Army, the Lord 
. Stiwartj Lord jiuhifnej Son to the Duke of Lewox^ and Bro- 
dier to dae then Diuce of Bickmand and Lenoxy S^ Edmund 
• yemeyj Knight Marfhal of* the King's Horfe, and Standard 
Bearer, and feme others of lefs Name, though of great Virtue^ 
andgood Quality. 
^ chsra^er Xh e Earl of Lindfey was a Man of very noble Extradlion, 
•f Lin^e' and inherited a great Fortune from his Anceftors; which 
fL Ktn^t though he di$ not manage with fo great care, as if he defired 
QmtrtA. ■ mucb to improve, yet he left it in a very 6ir Condition to 
. bis Family, which more intended the encreafe of it. He was 
a Man of great Honour^ and fpent his Youth and Vigour of 
his Age in Military Adions and Commands abroad : and al- 
beit he indulged to himfelf great liberties of Life, yet he fiill 
prderv'd a very good Reputation with all Men, and a very 
great Intereft in his Country, as appear'd by the Supplies he, 
and his Son^ brou^t to the Kin^s Army; the feveral Com- 
panies of his own Regiment of root, being Commanded by 
the principal Knights and Gentlemen of Uneolnjhirey who 
engaged themfelves in the Service principally out of their Per- 
Ibnal Affidion to Him. He was of a very generous Nature, 
and pundiud in what he undertook, and in exadling what 
was due to him ; which made him bear that reftri£tion fo 
heavily, whidiwas put upon him by the Commiffion granted 
to PHnce SuPerty and by the King's preferring the Prince's 
Opinion, in all matters relating to the War, before His. Nor 
did he conc^ his Refentment : the day before the Battle, 
he £ud to fome Friends, with whom he had ufed freedom, 
^ That he did not look upon himfdf as Gefieral^ and there- 
^£are he was refolv'd* when the day of Battle (hould come, 
*<that he wouM be in the head of his Regiment as a private 
-?Colonelj where he would dye. He wascarried outof the 


Cf th( Rebellion^ &c. y^g 

Field to the next Village and if he could then have procured 
Surgeons, it was thought his wound would not have proved 
mortal. And as foon as the other Army was conopofed bjr the 
coming on of die Night, the Earl of Effix^^ about midni^t, 
fent Sr Wilimm BmVout^ and fome other Officers to fee huo^ 
and to tJSa him all offices, and meant himfeif to have vilited 
him. They found him upon a litde ftraw in a poor Houfe^ 
where they had laid him in his Blood, which had run from 
him in great abundance, no Surjgeon having been yet widi 
him, only he had ereat vivacity m his looks ^ and told them, 
^ He was forry to (ee fo many Gendemen, fome whereof were 
^ his old Friends, engaged in fo foul a Rebellion ^ and prin« 
cipaUy diredled his difcourfe to Sr WHImm Baifoury whom he 
put in mind of ^The great obligations he had to the King; 
^how much his Majefty had diibbliged the whole Etrg^ Nir 
^^ tion by putting him into the Command of the Tower ; and 
^ that it was the molt odious ingratitude in Him to make him 
^ that return. He wifli'd them to tell my Lord Efix^ ^* That 
^ he ought to caft himfeif at the King's teet to beg his pardon, 
'^ which if he did not fpeedily do, his Memory would be odi- 
^ous to the Nation^ and continued this kind of difcourfe 
with Co much vehemence, that the Officers by degrees with- 
drew themfelves, and prevented the Viiit the Earl ofj^ffex in- 
tended him, who only fent the bed Surgeons to- him ^ut in 
the very opening of his wounds he dyed before the mornings 
only upon the lols of Blood. He had very many Friends, and 
veiy few Enemies ; and died generally lamented 

The Lord AMgnej was a Gentleman of great hopes, of 
a gende and winning difpo&tion, and of very clear Couragp : 
he was kill'd in the orft charge with the Hone ; where^ tt^re 
being fo little reGftance, gave occafion to fufped that it was 
done by his own Lieutenant,who was a D«/f^man,andhadnot 
been fb pun^al In his duty, but that he receiv'd fome repre- 
Henfion from his Captain,which he murmur'd at. His Body was 
brought off^ and buried at cbrift'Churcb in Oxford ^ his two 
younger Brothers, the Lord John and the Lord Bermsrd Sie^ 
warty were in the fame Battle, and were afterwards both kill'd 
in the War, and his only Son is now Duke of Bicbmamd. Sr 
Edmund Vemey hath been mention'd before ; he was a Perfon 
of great Honour and Courage, and loft his Life in that charge 
when BdlfouTy with that Relerve of Horfe, which had hScsx 
fo long undifcern'd, broke into thofe Raiments y but his body 
was not found. 

On the Parliament Party that peri(hed> the Lord Samh 
y^hn of Bletnezoy and Char Us Effsxy were of the belt Quali- 
ty. The lafl: had been bred up a Page under the Earl of Bf^ 
fix^ who afterwards, ac his charge, preferred him to a Com- 

Aj,' The Hi/lory PookVI. 

^ nwod io JSfcfiww/; where IjeJiy'd widi very good repui^oo, 
and preirCTv'd the credit of h^ decay*d Family : and as foon as 
'Ax cflrl ui^rtuiiately accepted this -Command, he thought 
his jgcatimde obliged nii^itonin the fortune of bis Patron, and 
outof pdrekindnefi to the Ferfonof (heKari, as many other 
'.-QentlemeD did, engaged himfelf agiinft the King without any 
Malice or Rebellion in his heart towards the Crown. He had 
the CQmmanti ot a Re^raent of Foot, and was cdeem'd the 
|beft and tpoft expert Officer of the Army, and was kill'd by 
'a Mufqiiet Ihot in the beginning of the Battle. The Lord Saint 
Jth» Vas etcjeft Sqh to the Earl of ButlinriroBke^ and got hlm- 
iclf 16 Well belov'd by the reputation of his Coiirtely and Ci- 
"viliEy, which he exprcfs*d towards all Men, that though his 
parrs.ofunderftanding were very ordinary at beft,and his courfe 
"of life licentious and very much depraved, he got credit 
.enough, byengagfr^ the principal Gentlemen of Btilford- 
Jhire'iAd Hertfo^jRre to be bound for him, to contra^ a 
;debt pf fifty or thrccfcorc thouland pounds j for the payment 
whereof the fortune of the Family was not en^ged, nor in 
'<fais power to engage. So that the clamour of his debts grow- 
^ importunate, fonje years before the Rebellion, he left the 
Kingdom and fled into Praxt-^ leaving his vaCt debt to .^ 
paiopy his Sureties, to the utter ruin of many Faniilics, apd 
"riie notable impairing of others. In the beginning of the Par- 
,l[aineni, the King was prevailed with to dill' him to the Houfe 
of Peers, his Father being then alive, upon an afTurance, "That 
•* by his prefence and liberty, which could by no other way 
**bc fccured, means would be found out to pay his dfbts, 
"and free lb many worthy Pcribos from their engagements ; 
** Belidcs that the times being like to be trout>lefanie,' the King 
** mig^t be fure of a faithliu Servant, yiha would always ad- 
**vancehis(ervicein that Hqufe. But the King had very ill 
f(Htune in cvnferringthqfe graces, nor wa; hij fer vice m^re paf- 
fioi^dy, and infolently oppofed by any Men' in that H^ufe, 
than by thofe, who upon tfiofe profeflloos were. advanced by 
him ftom the condition of Commoners. And this Gentle- 
iDtO,.from the firft hour of his fitting in that Houfe by die 
King's fo extraordinary grace, was never known tp concur in 
any'qne Vote for the King's Service, that recei/d any oppo- 
'ficjrai : aod, as foon as it was in his power, he receiv'd a Com- 
miuioQ with the firft to Command a Troop of Morfe againfl 
.jpiiil, in which he behaved himfelf fo ill, that he receiy'd 
ibniewoundsin running away; and being taken Prifoner died 
Jt>cfqre the next mornipg, .without any qthcr ,figns of rcpen- 
't4fice, than the canting Words, "TW.hedidrlfJtintendto-be 
"*M^ntt the King, l»i: wilh'd him all !happine(s : fo .6i:eat an 
.iiWuef^e thefirA feeds pf his birth had upon his -I^atiue, that 


Cff the Rehellion^ &c. ff 

hoyfr loag tacftt theji: were conceal'd, and feem'd even hur 
ried inn very difierenc breeding and conver&tioiu they fpEunf; 
up) and bqre the (ame fhiic upon the firft occafion. And tc 
W8^ zs^iiiBcxfmoA of that time, chat tbe Men of moft Ueen- 
tiona ii^f^ wlx> appear'fi Co be wlchouc any fenfe of ReligioB, 
or reverepoe to virtue, aiid the moft unrdtrain'd by any obli- 
gtcioi9fioiFconicienqe^ betook themlclves to that Farty, and 
fiMcodedaniiDpulie:Of ReikicM&outoffearofPopery^ and 
on cbe other fide,, very many rerfons of Quality, both of tbe 
Cteigy ^ Laity, who had liifir'd under die impucatioii jof 
PuritaniKni, aod did very much diflike theprodBediiig$ of the 
Coiirt^and oppofed them gpon all occaflons, were yet iii nmdi 
icandalized at the yerv approaches to Rebelliori, that thc^ ro- 
nounoed all their pld Friends, and applied themfelves with 
great Hefolutipn^ Courgg^: and Cooftanc^ to the King's;Se»> 
vice^ and codcinuod in ic .^ ihe end, with all the di(advantagei 
it was liable to. . : c. 

Prisokers taken by the Enemy wer^ the Lord WU* 
imigUjy haftily and, piouQy endeavouring .tbe iefcue oC:Uk 
flayer; & thm^ tmtffmri^ and S^ BJhaatA Strmiimg^ bOlh 
Colonels; and & V(Vum. f^SriM/S^r^ jwho.ioommanded Ihe 
King's R^unent of Giiardtf under the Locd Hf^Uw^h ; • a«l 
Ibme other inferior. Commaoders^ There were hurt^,Sr?#»ii^ 
^fihjy and Sv Heb^bu Bf^m^ and moreiiaQeeroaay Coiciid 
ao4Krkt Qtrrsrdy wlxi, ;))ctog (hot in {he.lbigb, was brot^riit 
off the field withoiit.any. hopes of lifey tmt jecover'd to 9&.% 
great part afterwards in tlw War} Sr Geot§tSnmde^ and fome 
other Gentlemen who ienr'd arQpo|.thei.Foot; for of the . 
Horfe there was not an Officer otiIShm^:who receiv'itji 
Wound, tbe Lord AMffutf. oAly expradca^ fo little refiftance 
did diat pait of the Enemy eoake. Of tfat; Rebds there, were 
flain, bcSdes the Lord Siimi^JohM^ GoiOMlcbstles Effhc^ the 
Scddier of whom tbejr had the bm opinion^ and who hsdat* 
ways, till this laft Aoion, prdferved a good, .reputation in tbe 
world, which was now the. Woffe, jovertand above the GuilC 
ci RebdUoPy by bis ha«if^ fworn tX^ lUi Queen of JBotenM^ 
by whofe interddlion he: procured faafeeiiro^ Pkrince'itt 
OrifiM it(> go into JSii^Zm^? That he wiNiU 
*^ the Aing : And many other of pbfoure Kames, though Offi^ 
cers ofigc^ Comfipaod./ There were a IgDod Number of thcit 
Offic^f^ efpeciimy of iHdrfe^ taken Pnfoners,. but (fiivetlnt 
fome of them weraJParliaQtient Men) jof meaiQ.Quality/in ;ihe 
world^ except only; Sr ffiffMomE^xthb Father of the Cq1(> 
neL whofe wants, froteluVtiig wafied a.yery great Fortone, 
and bis Son's invitation^ led |pim into thatCompanyj where he 

was a private G^tim i» hvlRc;gimem.: /. V 'i '-* ■-' 

W n B N th0, Arntiesdiadifaos only ilooldd erne upon abbchec. 
Yak It Part I. E the 

f^ The /?^f/V Book VI. 

the whole day, and k being <li(cefh'd-tbae the Enbtny had 
drawn off hisCaitiages, the KU^gdiretied all his Airiy to re- 
tire into their old CJuarters^ prisfiimkig (a»it provVl) that 
maii^ of thoTe who were wanting would be found there^ Aaad 
£o himfelf with bk two Sons went to Bdm^y where he ky the 
iught before the Battle^ refolvingitK^mt the next day, both 
lor the refirdhing hiuweairied, and dvcin^ tired Men, aivd to be 
inform'd of the noocictti and conditim^ the Enemy, * upon 
which ibme Troopjs'c^the Kif^'tr MdfOf Attended. The Earl 
of Ejfex retired with His to mru^i^-Gaftle, whither lie had 
:leAC all his Priib^ers^. fb that, on thelQiw/ZIWf morning, tlie 
King was inforna'd, that the Enemy waS' gone, and that kit^ 
•of his Horfe chad attended the rear iof\t^ Enemy sdmdft to 
ifyraneky and that they had left many of "their Carri^es, and 
-very many of theur-wbundM Soldierfr at the Village* next to 
^ Fields by which k jappearVI that ^MXt remove was in hafto, 
and not without apprehenfion. 

^ After the. Hone had march'^'aliftoflf toWdmmck^ and 
^nd the Coafi dear from the Sllbtti^,^ they return'd to the 
Field to view .the dead Bodies, j^iiy ;|^ng to enquire after 
their Friends who Hiiere tniffing,' where'they found many niot 
yet dead of theit Hxroiinds, but tyis^itripp^d among the desfd^ 
among whom, with^others, young- (Vl'^^i#«p brought off his 
father^ S^Kkrvas Scfoep'^ im)^ begi^-an oM Gentleman of 
great fortune, m Um^in-i/hin^ had-^raifed^ Foot Company 
amonff his Tenam^ltod brou^iibea>in to the EaxiofUnd- 
fifz Regiment, out of devotion and vefpedl to his Lordfliip, 
. as well as duty toche'King; and had, abdUt the time that the 
jGeneral was takccL. &l'n with fixteenrw^unds in his body and 
head ; and had lain ftripp'd ^moog tbd dead, fibm that time, 
which was about* three m the afternoon on ^^mmAi)^, ail that 
cold night, 2A Mmiaj^ and il/m^ night, and till Tuefday 
evening, for it was'fo late before his^S^linind him 5 whom 
'With great piejpy he canied to a warm Lddging, and afterwards 
to Qxfvrd^ where' he wonderfully reCdvcfr^d. The nett morn- 
ing after, being HMnifiUjy there was mother Gentleman one 
BeBwgbamy of an andenit extradion, • and the only Son of bis 
Father, found atnona;. the dead, and brougbt off by bit Friends, 
with twentv wouhos^ who, after ted days, died at Oxford^ 
by- the n^ugence of .his Surgeonis, who left a wound in his 
Imigh, of It ielf not dangerous, undiiberff'd, and fo by fefler- 
ing deifaroyed a boc^ very hoMfiilly recovered of thofe which 
^ere only thought Mortal.; The Surgebiu; were of opinion, 
that both thefe Qemlenien owed dieir lives to the inhuma- 
nity of thofe ^ho' ftripp'd them, and to the coldneis of the 
' 'itS| which fiop^'d. their Uood, better than all their skill, 

obiild have doo^ and that if tfaey bad been 


OftheReheUidn.SLC. f^ 

brou^t off within any reafbnkble diftance of dme after tbei^ 
wounds^ Aey had undoubtedly perilhed. 

On H^dmfdiff Morning, the King drew hif Army to t 

Rendezvous, where he found his Numbers greater than bo 

expe&ed'^ for, in the ni^ after the Battle, very many of the 

Common Soldiers out of cold, and hun|(er. had ftxind theiE 

old Quarters. So diat it was really belieird upon this view, 

when mis little reft had recovered a ftrange chearfiilnefi into 

all Men,' that there were not in that Battle loft above three 

hundred Men at moft. There the Kin^dodarVi General R»* 

thm General of his Army in dve place ofthe Earl of Umiihy 

and then marched to Ajwti^ a little Village two Miles diuakt 

from Bmrnkmyy of which his Majefty twi day took a View^ 

and meant to attempt it the next day follQwiog. There was 

at that time in Ba^tmy Caftle a Rqgiment of eight hundred 

Foot^ and a Troop of Horfe, whion, with Spirits propor-» 

tionable, had been enough to have kept fo. ftrong a place from 

an Army better prepar'd to have allaulted it, than the Kinj^s 

then was, and at a leafon of the year more commodious ft>ra 

Siege. And therefore many were of opinion^ that the King 

fliould have march'd by it, widx>ut taking notice of it, and 

that the engiginjg before i^ might prove very prejudice to 

him. . That which prevailed with hhn to ftay there, be&ies 

the Courage of his Soldiers, who had again recover'd their 

appetite to Adion, was, that he could not well refolvc whither 

to go j for till he was inform'd what the E^Axif^ffex did, he 

knew not how to direA his march; and:if.die.£nemy ad* 

iranced upon him, he could not Fight in a placeiof more ad^ 

vant^. And therefore, having lent a Trumpet to fimimon 

the Uaftle, and having firft taken the Lord ^^s Houfe at 

Broi^btwiy where there was Tome fiiew of refimuice, and in 

it a Troop of Horfe, and fome good Arms, the Canon were 

pUnted againft the Caftle, and the Army drawn out before it; 

tNit, upon the firft (hot made, the Caftle fent to treat, and 

upon leave to go away without their Araos, they fiurly and 

kindly deUver'd the place; and halfthe Common Soldiers ^^^^^ 

the leaft readily took Conditions, and put them&lves into diie ^i!i^f 

King's 'Army, the reft of the Arms came verv feafonably tOth9K^g. 

fopply many Soldiers of every Regiment, who either never 

had any before, or had loft them in the Battle. 

T m 8 laft fuccefi declared where the Vidtory was before at 
Edke-UU'j for though the routing of their Horfe, the having 
kilPd more upon the place, and taken more Prifoners, the 
number of the Colours won from the Enemy (which were 
near forty in number ) without the lofs of above three or four, • 
and laftly the taking four pieces of their Cannon the next 
nxmung after the Battle> were fo many Arguments that the 

jf8 TheHiftwy Book VI. 

feothe King : On the other fide, ctie k>& of 
the General himrelf, and fo mmy Men of Name either kill'd 
or taken Prifoner^ who were seAeiaUy known over the King- 
dom (whereati hefides the Lord Ssmf^J^lmj and Colonel 
W^»9 the n^es of the reft of that Party were fo ob&ure, 
ttat neither the one &de Teem'd to be gainers by having taken 
9r kiU'd thero^ nor the other fide to be loTers by being witlb 
octt diem) the having k€{>t die Field laft, were (ufficient tefti- 
monies at the leaft mat they were not c^ercome. But now 
the taking oSBMtAmj^ whin was the more ^pal^ by the cir* 
cuinftances of dutf part of die Armies bein& before the &a(tle, 
defign^ for that Service, dien recalled toibe Fiel4 and after 
(hat Field fought, and the Retreat of the £nemy, the re* 
advancing upon if, and taking it, was fo undeniably mAigu* 
ment that the Earl of J^» was more broken and fcatter'd 
tbanatfirftheappear'd to be, that the King's AriDy waslook'd 
npoa u ViOonous. A Garrifon was put into B^nhwy^ and 
the Command thereof committed to the Earl of Nttrtb^mffam^ 
and then tfa&King march'd to bisownHoufe at Wnidfitk*^ 
and the next day with the whole Army to 0Kfkr4% whiSd waa 
tihe only City of B^gimd that he could iay was entirely ac 
his devotion ^ where he was recdv'd by the Univerfity, to 
whom tbc Integrity and Fidelity of that i4ace is to be imputed^ 
with all joy and acclamation^ 
rhe etnditi' 1* H E Karl of Ejpx continued ftill at Hinpkk^ repairing bis 
'» of the bioken Regiments and Troops, which every day leOen'd and 
^«r/«/Er* in^r'd^ for. die number of his flain Men was greater than it 
^trtb^^ was reported to be, there being very many kill'd in the Cjiafe^ 
^^^f^ ' and many who died of their wounds after they w^re carried 
ofl^ and, of thofe, who run away in the bcginmng, more ftaid 
away than retum'd ; and which was more, tl^y who Tun 
fiutheft and fiiiteft told fiich lamentable Stories of the defeat^ 
and many of them fhew'd fuch hurts, that the terror thereof 
toas even ready to make die People revolt to their AUegiance 
iaall pbces. Maay of thofe who had (lood their ground, and 
."bebav^d themfelveswell in the Batde^ either with remorfe of 
Conlcience,honror of what tbcyhad done, and feeii,Qr wean- 
nefi of the Duty and Danger^ withdrew themfelve^ froni (heir 
Coburs, andfome from their Commands. And it is certain 
many engaged themfelves firft in that Service, out of an opi- 
.nion, that an Army would procure a Peace wirbcH^t Fighting; 
. odiers out pf a deure to ferve the King, and rdblvjng to jgo 
away themfelves, and to carry others with them, aiK>qn as 
they ihouki find themfelves witnm a fecure diftance to do it ; 
bom thefe being, contrary to their expe<^tion, brought tp 
Fi^t, the latter not knowing how to get to the King's Ar- 
^ my in the Batde^ difctauged diemfelves Qf the Service adbpn 


flttheycametoHtmiiiifA^ ioiM with leave^ and (baid Wltfaout 
But that whicb no doui^ moA erouUed mt filcdkncy^ wii 
the Temper and Gonftitutions of his neur Matters^ who^.he 
knew, expedcd no left froni him than a .Vifiorj compidaf, 
by hif brii^ing the Perfon of the King aliVe or dead to tML; 
and wodiT confider what was now &Uea out^ as it was. Id 
much left Aan they loolc'd for, not as it was more than wa\f 
body elfe ooold have done far them. However, be ^ve theft 
a glorious account of what had paffisd, and made as if his ftif 
at HFSn^ubii were rather to receive new Orders and Commands 
ircvn them, than out of annf weaknefi or inability to purfae 
the old, and that he attended the King's motion as well uif 
he had been within (even Miks of him. 

I T is certain the conftemation was very greit at Lmulm^ 
and in the two Houfes, from the time that they beard, that 
the King march'd fix>m 5^ftfviuf^ai7 with a fbrm'd Ari!Dy, add 
thathe was reTolv'd to Fight, afloon as he could meet wltb 
Theirs. However, they endcavour'd to k^ ixgi confidently 
die ridiculous opinion amotig the Common Peo^e, that the 
King did not Command, but was carried about ui tbat Army 
of the Cavaliers, and was deflrous to efcape from thetf; 
whkh dKv hoped the Earl ofBjffhQ would give Him opptM»* 
tunity to dOi . The firft news they beard of the Aimiea bcM% 
engaged, was by thofe who fled upon die firft Charge^ who 
msde miirvdlous hafte horn tbe pbce of dsiiger, and ihoiidit 
not themielves £ife, till they were gotten o^ of .any poffible 
diftance of being puritied. It is certain, thongfiit wasjbaff 
two of the ClocS: bdbre tbe.fiattle begnn^ many of tht SUt 
diers, and fome Commandets of na mean Nam!^ were at S^ 
JtiUmty Which was near thirty Miles from tfaeFioU, 
was-daHc Thefe Men, as all Runaways (to for their .own 
exciHe, reported all for lofl^ aad the Kiiigfa Army to be fi> 
tenlBle, that it cohUnot beenoountefci^ Some of rhtm^ 
that thejT mig^t not' be dioaght to come away before dxStie 
was^cauie, or whilft therci was any bope, iC|pi>rted (the jpror 
greft of die Battle, and prefented all diofe bmanuble dvmg^ 
and tbe drcumftances by which every iiart;Qf ihe Army wil 
defeated, which their teivified fancies had fuggeited to then 
whilft tfiey run away ; fome had feon the Earl of Bfftx flai% 
and heard his dying wordi \ ^ That every ond Oiou^ (hift fo 
<< htinfidl^ for all refilbnce was to no purpofe : So that tbt 
whole Qty was, the JOondajy full of the defeat j and though 
there was an lixprcft, from the Earl oiEfex himfclf, of the 
contrary, there was not Courage enough left to believe ir^d 
every hour produced fomew&t to contradiA the reports of 
the laft. Monday m the afrernoon, the Earl of HoUamd pm* 
doced a Letter in the fioufe of Peers, which was written the 

E 3 flight 

^(p. The Hiftdry Book VI. 

wii^t before by the Earl of Effixy in which all particular^ xi 
the day were fet do^ and ^ The iinpreffion which had in the 
^ banning been made upon his Hone, but that the condu'- 
^ fion was XMrofeerous. Whilft this was reading, and every 
Mm greedily digefted the. good news, the Lord Hafiings^ 
who hdA a Command of Horfe in the Service, enterd me 
Houfe with frighted and ghaltly looks, and pofitively declar'd 
^ all to be loft^ againft whatfoever they beltev'd or flatter'd 
^ themfelves wich^ . And thou^ it was evident enough that 
he had run away frofn the beginning,, and only lolt his way 
thither, moftMen look'duponhimas thelaftMeilenger, and 
even (hut their Ears againft any poffible comfort ; fo that with- 
out doubt very many, in the horror and confternadon of eight 
and forty hours, paid and underwent a foil penance and oior- 
tification .for the hopes, and infolence of three Months before. 
At Che laft, on Wednefdi^ morning, the Lord Wbarttm^ and 
M^ U^llimn strddey the one a Member of the Houfe of Lords, 
the other of theCommons, arriv'd from the Army, and made 
fo full a rehtioniof the Battle, ^ Of the great Numbers flain on 
f^ the Kin^s part, without any confidenible lofi on their fide, 
5<of the mifeable and weak condition the King's Army was 
^in, and of the Earl of Bffhx*g Refolution to purfie him. That 
ijbey were not now content to be Savers^ mit Voted, << That 
^ their Army had the Vidory ; and «)pointed a day for a So- 
lemn ThansKgiving to God for tte &me; and that fo great a 
}6^ miidicnot be enioy'd only within thoTe Walls, th^ ap^ 
pointed chofe two tnmy MdOengers to communicate the whole 
felation with ail circumftanceS;to the Qty; which was con* 
ven'd together at the GuiU^Hail to receive the famei But by 
this time, fo many Perfons, who were prefent at the Adion, 
came to the Town of bodi fides (for there was yet a fi:ee in- 
tercourfe with all Quarters) and fome difcourfes werepublUh'd 
bow little either of thefe two MeOlengers had feen themfehres 
of that days bufinefs, tlmt the City feem'd not fo much exalted 
tt their Relations, as the Hbufes had been; the King's takmg 
BMmhnjj and marching afterwards to Oxford^ and the reports 
from thde parts of his Power^ widi the Earl of J^»'s lying 
ftiU at IVarunckj gave great Argument of difcourfe ; which 
grew the greater by the commitment of feveral Perfons, for 
leporting ^ That the King had the better of the Field ; which 
Nfen thought would not have been^ if the fuccels h^ been 
contrary ; and therefore there was nothing fo generally fpoken 
pf, or wifh'd for, as Peace. 

' The t who were really well afie&ed to the King, $nd from 
tlie be^nning oppofed all the extravagances, for di fuch there 
w«re many in both Houfes, wto could not yet find xtk their 
Hearts to leaye the Company, fpake now. aloud ^ That an 

« humble 

<< Iiumble Acktrefr to the King foF the reroovsJ of all oii(iia« 
5<deriHn4ing^ was both ia Duty neceflary, and in Policy 
^^ convenient. The half-hearted , and half witced People, 
which made iDUcb the Major part of both Houfcs, plainly ^i- 
Tcera'd there muft be a War, and that the IjLing at leaft would 
be able to ipal^e refiftaoce, which they had beenpromifed.he 
cduidnpt do, and fo i/txt equally paiT^Qpate to make anj 
Ovemires for Accompiod^uon. They only who bad contriv'd 
the mt&hijcf, and already had digeijbed a full change and alte- 
ratioQ Qf Govfern^ent, fuod knew well, that all their Arts 
wbiild be. difcoyer'dV and their Perfons odiou^ though thev 
Knight \ic fecured, viok^tly oppofed all. motions of this kuuL 
Thcfe* iVicn prefs'd earneltly "To fend aq Exprcfs to their 
^< Brethren diScotlamd^ to invite, and conjure them to come to 
^^ their AiSftance, and to leave no way unthought o^ for fuDr 
f^ preiCng, and totally dpftioying all thofe who had prefiim d 
'^ to p4e with the King. This overture of calling the Setts in 
SLgain was as Unpopular a thing, as could be mention'd; be* 
udes that it implied, a great and abfolute difEdence in their 
own ftrength, and an. admowledgment that the People of 
JB^Iamd itood not fjo generally afiedted to their deiires, which - 
thty had hitherto pubuQi'd,. and urgec^ as the beft Argymenc 
CO juftify thofe depres. ; Therefore the wife Managers of that 
Party, by wbofe condu^. they had been princijpally governed, 
feem d fully to concur with thofe who defir'd f^eace, ^ And 
^^ to. iead an humble Addrefs to the King, wbicli they con- 
'^fefied to be due from them as Subje^ a^d the only wayt 
^^ to procure happinels for the Kingdom. Andhavi^ig hqre* 
by render'd themfelves gracious,^ and gaineci credit, they ad- 
vifqd'tfaem <<So to endeavour Peace, that they mi^t not pc 
^^ difappointed of it, and wifh'd them ^Tp^cpnfider that die 
'^ Kihg^s Party were hi£h upon the fiicce& of having an Army 
'i( of which they had redbnably beforfc defpair'd) though 
5^not ui)on any thing that Army had yet done. That it 
<< was apparent, the Ring had Nunifters Itirring for him in 
^ the,lHQfth, and in the Vfc&y thoug}! hitherto with little ef» 
^^fbft}; and therefore if they fliould make fuch an Applijn- 
'^ tion for Peace, as might imply the giving over the th^^ughtt 
*' of War, they mull expeft fuch a Peace, as the mercy of 
" thofe whom they had provoked would confent to. But if 
they would fteddiljr- purfue thofe Counfels as would make 
their ftrength formidable, they might then exnedt iucb i^^o- v 
*^ derate Condition^, as they might, with their Own, and the ' 
^'Kingdom's Safety, fecurely fubmit to. That therefore the 
'* Propo&tion of fending into Scdtlamd was very leafonable ; 
^^ not that it could be hoped, or was defir'd, that they (hopld 
^' bring an Army into Mttgland of which there was not like 

£ 4 ** to 


Si The Hif^f Book VI. 

<< to be any need; but that That Kingdom might inake fiidi a 
** declaration of their AScAlons, and readineft to afEft the 
<< Parliament^ that the King m^ht look Upon them wi^ Ae 
^'.inore confideration, as a Body not eafiljr to be oppreflMi if 
^'he fhould in&fttjpon too hi^ Goh<fitions. 
' ^Bt tltis Aitifi(S^ whilft they who preOed a Treaty thought, 
that That being'onoe confented to, a Peace would inevitably 
be concluded, the fame day that a Cbnimittee was appointed 
^To prepare beads of an humble Addrefs unto his Majefty, 
^fpf compofing th&prefent Difierences^-and Diftradtions^and 
? fettling the Peace of die Kingdom (which was a great con- 
def^enOon) they made no (cniple to declare ^ That the pre- 
^ parations of Forces, and all other n^ceflary means for de* 
^ fence, Ihould be profecuted with aU Vi^r; and there- 
tqpon requhr'd '^ AU thofe Officers and Soldiers, who had left 
*• their General,, of which the Town was then full, upon 
**pain of Death, to return to him ; and for his better recruit, 
iblemnly declarxi,'<^That in fuch times 6f Common danger 
^ and neceflity, the Intereft of Private Perfons, ought to give 
^^'Way to the Publick^and therefwe they ordain'd, that !uch 
^ffrentices «r^jArentices, as would be Liftal to fci-ve as Soldiers for the 
TeptiZ "'defence of the Kingdom , the Parliament, and Qty jfwidi 
j»e;irr«r4i^'' their other ufual expreflions of Religion, and the King's 
s4rms, ^<^ Perfon) their' Sureties, and fuch as ftood engaged for them, 
^ (hoiild be fectiired againft their Mafters; and that their Ma- 
<^fi:era (hoiiki rik:eive them again at the end of their Service, 
^without in^iiting ^y lofs of time to them, but the fame 
^^ fhould be reckbn'd as well fpent, accbrding to their Inden- 
^'tiires, as if they had been (till in their Shops. And by this 
m^ans many Children were engag'd in that Service, not only 
■ againft the Cbnfent^ but againft the Perfons of dieir Fathers, 
and the Earl receiv'd a notable fupply thereby. 

Th e n, in return for their Conient that a formal and per- 
fiindory Mefl^te ihould be fent to his Majefty, thereby 
rtiey thought a Treaty would be enter'd tipon, they procur'd 
at me fime time^ and as an Expedient for Peace, this mate- 
rUi and full Declaration of both Hpufet to the Subjedh of 
BMlmtdj which they caus'd \rith all expedition to be fent into 

Thtvif « W E the Lords and Common^ alTembled in the Parlia- 

fkufkiXh- <(|nent of EntlanJ^ ccmGdering widi What Wifdom and Pub- 

Ihltu^s ^^^ AflSbaiSn, Our Brethren of the Kingdom of Scotland 

i/scocland/* did concur with theehdeavoiiraof this Parliament, and the 

^^defires of the whole Kingdom ry procuring, and eftablifh- 

<< iDg a firm Peace and Amity between the two Nations, and 

^how kmngly they hav^ 'fince invited Us to a nearer, and 

" higher 

<< higher degree of Union in matters concerning Rdi^poi^ 
«cand Ghiirch Goverlunenr, which We have moft willingly 
c^andafiedionateiytmbnured, aiid intend to purfiie, canngt 
^ doubt but they wilL wid);a8 tnuth forwardifets and ^ife* 
*^ ftion^ coiicor with Us in fettling Peafce in j!his Kinj^onv 
*< and prefoving it in their Own ; that fo We roay auitually 
<' reap the benefit of that Anity and Alliance, ib happily 
<< made, and ilh>ngly coiArmM betwixt the two Natiooi. 
<< WhereforcL as We (fid about a jrear (ince, in the firft »• 
^ pearanoe ot Trouble then b^inning among them, afiuauy 
<< declare, that in our fenfe and apprehenfion of the National 
<< Alliance betwixt \J^^ We were thereby bound to apply the 
<' Authority dl Pivliament, and Power of this Kingdom to tfac 
^^ prefervation, and maintenance of their Peace :,A^(I> fi^ 
*' ing now that the Troables of tbi^ Kingdom are grolK^ to t 
*< greater height, and the fubtle pradices &the Cothfixm Eoe- 
<<mies of the Religion, and Libe/ty of both Nation^, do ap* 
*<pear with more evident Itrengtb, and danger than they 
<^ did at tfaflft time, We hold it neceOary to declare, that, ia 
^^Our Judgment, the fame obligdcibn lies upon OurBrethreiv 
*' by the sdForerdcrition'd k&y With 't^le power and force of 
<' that Kin^d0m^ to affift Us in'^eprUIinig thot^ amon^ U«| 
<< who kre iidw'in Arms, and ifaiike Waf, not' omy "ivihthpiK 
<^ confent of Parliament, bur eveA' %iunft the ParliaimdiQt, and 
« for the deftrufii^ thereof: /,; 

^ Whcr fiTon E We hatn^.tnougte good to tmfke kndwa 
^^ unto Our Brethren, that bis. Male{|7 nath given ComnUiEcm 
^ to divers txpinent and known "l^pilh, to raifd Forcea, and 
^ to compoftr an Army in the North, and other parts of diit 
*^ Kingdom, which is to joyn with divers Forrelgiil Foi'beSy 
*' intraded to be Tranfported frpm beyond the Sc^ for the 
<^delbii6Uoixof this Parliament, .and iof the ft elijgipf^ an^ Li- 
*^berty of the Kii^dom: anid that the principal part bt the 
<^ Qei^ add their Adherents, have iikcwife inviced his Ma- 
^jefty to raife another Army, which in his own Perfod, ho 
^ doth conduct againft the Pariiacnent, and the City o^ Xf^ 
^ ikm. Plundering and Robbing fiindry well afiefied ToWht 
« within their power j and in profecution of their Malice, they 
^ were fo prdfumptuous, and predominant of his Majefly^ 
^ Refolutions, that they forbear not thofe Outrages in placet 
*• to which his Majcfty hath given his Royal Word and Pro- 
^ teddon : a great caufe and mcentive of which Malice, pro- 
<^ cmis from the defien they have to hinder the Reforma- 
<< tion of EccIeGaftical Government in this Kingdom , fo 
<^ much longed for by all the true Lovers of the Proteftanc 
** Religion. 
'*And hereupon We fotherdefire Our Brethren 6fthe 

<^ Nation 

j^ . Th? Hifiory-r ^ooi.Vt 

^ « tiaxioa of StttlMi^ to nife ruch Forces as t^ef Oiall think - 
" fifficieiu for feairing the Peace of their owq Bordere, agaiolt 
*'^ijrjn afieded Perfbos there, and likewife to af&ft Us id flip* 
wpreffiilg the Anny of Papifts, and Forreigpers; which, aa 
" We eXpeO, will mortiy be on foot here, and if they be not 
■*ltimdy prevented, may prove as mifchievous, and deflrudtive 
."to^tMt Kingdom, 'asfooUrTelves. Ai^d diough We feek 
"pMJilag f^om his Majcity that' may duninilb his jufl Aucho- 
**;rity, or Honour, and have by many humEile Petitions, en- 
**<cnoeavour'd Co put aa-etul to this unnatural ,War and Com* 
**bu(Uoa'ii> the Kingdoicif and to procufe,h|'B Amity's Fro* 
** Epftion, and Secuncy for our Religion, Liberty, and Per* 
*'ibns (according to that great Tiult which; this Majefly is 
^Ixxind to by the Laws of the Land ) and [hall Sill continue 
■• to renew our Petitiwu in that kind^ yet,' to our great gric^ 
*' We fee the Papifttcal and Malignant Council fp prevalent 
** wlrh his Mjjefty, and his'Feifoa To engaged to their power^ 
** that We have little hope of better liicce^ of ^Jur Petitiooi 
*'ihaA;We formerly had; and are. therdjy oeceOitated to 
** ftaad upon our juu Defence, and to &^ 'this. fpeedy and 
*'ppweTml Afliftaoce pf our Brethren of ^Umd, accord- 
**iOg to that Afi agreed uptm in the Parliament erf' bod) Kin{^ 
*'dpmE,die Common l^ity of Chriltiantv, ami the particu* 
^ax fiitereOs of their own Kinedom : To which We hope 
*<GodwillgiTefucha Ueflihg, that it may produce tbepre- 
**ferruion aFReltsoi],the Honour, Safety, and Peace gf his 
** Majelt^ and all his Subje&, and a more fldfit'cot^ndlion 
** of me Ciwnfeli, DetigDS. and Endeavours of both Nations, 
** for: the comfort and tW^ "f the Rcform'4 Churches be- 

Tbi eniit!' ^T wiQ not bs here uofeafooable to take fome Oiort Sur- 
M, «ii M- vey of the. ASeOioni' and Inclinations of Settled; the or- 
•*|^j^i«"/dering and well difpoGng whereof, either fide Cifficiencly uii* 
\n^^' derilood, would beofmomeni:, and extraordinary importance 
BcodiodMin tUe growing Contention. From the time of the King's 
thMtimt. bnpg la(t there, when he had fo fiilly comply'd with all thcjr 
had driir'd, hoiti for the publick Government, and their vit- 
Tlte Advancements, that Kingdom within it felf enjoyed as 
moch Q[uieC and Tranqiulity as they could deGrCj having tbe 
convenience of disburdening themfelves of chcxrlatc Army in- 
to Ire/and, whither their old General I.^?jr, then made Earl of 
LevfK, was imploy'd in his fiill Command by the King and the 
twoHoufes, ac the charge of £w£iff^. So that many believ'd 
thc^ had been fo abundantly utisBed with what they had 
lU'eady gotten from EngloMJ^ diat they had ho &rther pro- 
je^upoD this Kingdom, but meant to make.their Fortunes 


T - 

Of the Rehtl&on^ &c. ^| 

by anew Gon^ieft^ in Jr^ 2i»^ iwhere they had a very ip^iat 
pare of the Province of Ulftw planted by their own Nation. 
So that^ accondiag to, their rules of good Husbandry, they( 
might exped wliatifbever they got from the Rebels to keep; 
for themielves. And the King himfelf was fix confident thi£c; 
the Afiedions of that People could not be fo conupted to% 
wards hiiDy as to make a rarther attempt upon him, diat he 
believ'd them, to a degree, fenfible of their former breach ot 
Dury^ and willing to repair it by any Service. UjUf himfelF 
, had m^e great acknowledgments, and great profeffions td 
him, and tuid told him, ^That it was nothing to promife^ 
'< him, that' he would never more bear. Arms againft him, 
<^ but lie promifed he would ferve his Majefty upon any Sum- 
<^ mons without asking the caufe. The £arl of Liwden , and 
all the reft, who had miOed the People, were poflefs^d .of 
whatfoever they could dcfirc, and the mmre Fortune of That 
Nation feem'd to depend wholly upon the keeping up the 
KiMTs fiiU Power in This, 

IT 1 s Majefty had, from time to time, given his Council of 
that Kiogdqm iu|l relations of all his dimrences with his Par- 
liameht, ahd had carefiilly fent them the Declarations, and 
publick Paflages of both fides, and they had always return'^, 
very ample expreffions of their Afiedions and Duty, and ez-^ 
preft'd a great ienie of the Parliaments proceedings towards 
him. And fince the time of his being at lori, the Lord Chan-^ 
cellor of ScotUmdy in whofe Integrity and Loyalty he was leafl 
fecure, had been with him ^ and feem'd fo well &tisfied with 
the Juftice and Honour of his Majefty's carriage towards the 
Parliament, that he writ to the Scctifh Commimoners at !>»-. 
^, in the name, and as by the diredion of the Lords of the. 
Secret Council of that Kingdom, << That they ftiould prefent 
^^tothe twoHoufes the deep^fenfe they had of, the injuries 
^ and Indignities, which w^e ofier'd to the King, whofe jufl . 
^Rights they were bound to defend; and that they fhbuld^ 
^conjure them, to bind up thofe wounds which were made, 
^^and not to widen them by iharpnefs of Language; and to. 
^give his Majefly fuch real fecurity for his Safety amoi^^ 
^them, by aneftedtual declaring againft Tumults, and fuch 
^^ other A&ons as were juftly oflfepQve to bis Majefty, that he 
^ might be induced to refide nearer to them, and comply. 
^^ with them in^uch Propofitions as ihould bereafonably made; 
with many fuch expreflK>ns, as together with his return into. 
Scotland without coming to London j where he%as expeded, • 
gave them fo much ofience and jealoufy, that they never com-! 
municated that Letter to the Houfes, and took all poffible care 
to conceal it from the People. 

The Marquis Hanu/tom had been likewife witbhisMa- 

i^ TheHiftoff BookVL 

HStyikJciriy Md finding the Ejes of all Men direfttd towards 
him^wlcb more than ordinary jealoury, he ofifer'd the King to 
go into ^^tUudj With tnany Afliuances and andertaku^^ 
confident ^That he would at leaft keep that People from do* 
^ ing ^y tiiingl, that might feem to countenance the carriage 
^ of the l^u'liament. Up6n which promires, and to be nd 
of him at tdtk^ where he was by all Men looked upon with 
fiaarvetlous pi^qudice, the King fuSer'd him to go, with full 
AQurance thiat he would, and he was (ure he could, do him 
^ery good Sdrvice there j as, on the other fide, in his own 
Court he Was (b great an oJB^c^ that the whole Gentry of 
T^rk-Jl^e^ who no doubt had inniGons to that purpofe from 
others, had a defign to have Petitioned the Kmg, that the 
' Marquis might be fequefter^d from all Councils, and prefence 
at Court, as a Man too mticb tirufted by them who woukl not 
cnifi: his Majefty. 

Lastly, the King had many of the Nobility of Scviland 
then attending, and among thofe. the Earl of CMltmier^ who 
bad been Lieutenant General of the Scvt^ Army, when it 
Invaded fiiigilM^and had freely cohfeii'd to his Majelty, upon 
what eri'orS and mifbdces he hid been corrupted* ana by whom, 
and pretended fa deep a fehle of wliat he had done amifs. that 
it was believed; he would have taken Command in the King's 
Army ^ which he declinM, as if it might have been penal to 
bim in ScotUnd by fome daufe in the A£fc of the Pacification, 
but ei^edally upon pretence it would di&ble him from doing 
him grieater Service m that Kingdom : whither, fhdrtly after 
the ^andard was fet up, he repair'd, with all folemn Vows 
of aflerting, and improving his Majefty's Intereft in thofe 
parts. . 

T H c Parliament on the other hand aflur'd themfelves, that 
That t^ation was entirely Theirs, having their CommifGbners 
refiding with them at Lrndbu'^ and the chief Managers and 
Govemburs in the firft War, by their late intarcourfe, and 
communication of Guilt, having a firm Cbrrefpbndence with 
die Marquis of Argjle^ the Earl of Lowden^ and that Party, 
who being not able to excufe themfelves. thought the King 
C90uld never in his heart foi^ive them, when It mould be in 
bis Power to brin2 them to Juftfce. And they undertook that 
when there fhould be need of that Nation ^which the other 
though there would never be) they (hould oe as forward to 
iecond them V^tbey had been ; in thef mean time return'd as 
fiiirp and refpeoive Anfwers to all their Medages, and upon 
their Dec^ations, which were conflantly fent to them, as 
diey did 'to the King; adrfttng them in their defign ajgainft 
the Churchy which was not yet grown Popular even m the 
two 'Houfes, by declaring * That the People of Aat Nation 

. . "pould 

Of the RehtiUion^ &c. ^7 

^ coidd never be eog^gfedon any other ground, thtn.tbe Re« 
f formacion of Kdigtoa. And therefore, about the bttdn* 
fung of Ji^^ the Aaembly of the Kirk of Scot land puhuStd 
a DecUratioai ''How exceedingly griev'd they were axid 
^ made heavy, that in To toog a time, ag^dnft the proAdlSona 
^ both of King and Parliament, and contrary to tbe.joync de» 
<< fire$ and prayers of the Qodly ia both Kingdoms, to whom 
^ it wa9 nxve dear and precipus, than what wa^ deareft to 
^thtm in the world, the Kefi^rmation of Religion had moved 
^(b dowly, and (iifier'd lb great interruption. 
The ground (^ which reproach was this ; in the late Tresis 

3f of ]?e»ce, the CommiiSoners for ScotUmJ had e^prefi'd t 
efire or wiui warily couched in words, rather than ^ Propor 
Cti/on, ^ That there were fiich ao V^ity of Relig^qn, and ifni- 
^formityof Church Goverppaent agreed on,, asmigbt be t 
^foectalmeanstprcpnierving of Peace betwiiKXbertwx). King* 
?<{oms : Xo. which there hadbeen a general in^nat^pn to re» 
turn a rough Anfwer. and reproof for their intennedling in 
Wjr thing that related to the taws of Eftg^iand^ Bur* by tbe 
dttnord&aiy induOry, and fiibtlety of thoTe, who law (hac 
bu6nefi was ntot yet ripe, and who alledg^d, that it was bnljr ' 
wiOi'd, not prcpofed, and therefore that a (hai^ leply waa 
not merited^ this gentle Aofwerg agaipft the ounds pit very 
manj^ was retum'd, 

^That bM M^jefty^ with the adviceof both Houiea of 
^ParlMuoQ^n^ did approve pf the, AffeOion of his Subj^ oC 
^Sc^flmufy in their de&e.of haviog Conformity, of .Chur<Ai 
<<GoverAmfint b^ween the t^q Naaqns^ and, as' the "^falis^ 
^ment had. already t^en into cQO(idfrationi the ^offx^itiok 
^of Church Government, fo they would proceed diercin 
^in due time, v (hould belt cpfHluce to the ^ory of Qod^ the 
^ Peace of the ChurqL and of bothKingdoms. 

fWQicn was cownted to by moft, as a civil, Anlwer,' 
a^oiffwg, or cppcludiqg apthing^ by others, becaii^it ad* 
ximBi an interpretation of redMcii^ the Goveromem. of the 
-Church in Smfmi to this of B^^ljimi^ as mu^ as.tbc con« 
traiy. But it might b^vebe^nweU'diicern^c^ that t/i6le..Men 
KSkedoodiing widiout a ftrthe^ de^ than the ^ordl natu- 
tunlty icnpcffted, nor evcf re(ted (ati&Bed wi^h a^en^for^ 
mal Anfvvcr, eKf^pt they fp^adi that they {houlci hereafter 
inake ufe, Mvd .receive b«ne6t by : fiich Anfwer. So they now 
urged the mattet. of this Anfwer, as afufficienc Title, to de* 
mind thees^tirpation oJF Prelacy in ^i^umi^ and dempliChing 
the whole FaNclt of that glorious Churchy urging hi^rMiyey^ 
fty's 'UKe.pra^ice, while he wa$ in Peru>n in smtmUy^ix re^ 
■fortingfJD^uendy to their exercifes of publick WorQup; and 
bisKoyiil A^OP'i in efta^&Qung the Worfhip and Grovern^ 


^^ The Hiftor/ Book VL 

inenc of diat Kirk in ParliameDt. And therefore they deiired . j 
the Parliament ^ To begin their work of Reformation at the M 
** Uniformity of KSrk uovernmcntj for that there could bt^^% 
** no hope rfUnity in Religion, of one Conieflionof Faith,\- ; 
*' oqiC Form of Worfhip, and onfc Catechifm, till there werc/^;^ 
^^firft one Form of Churdi Govemmei^t ^ and that the King* > ; 
^dom, and Kirk of Scotlaftdj could have no hope of a firm ;;^ 
^and durable Feace^ till Prelacy, which had been the nfaia d 
^ caufe of their rmferies and troubles , firit and la(b, were : ^ 
<< phick'd up root and branch, as a plant which Gdd had not V| 
^^ planted, and from which no better fruits could be expefted^ ' \ 
'< than fiidi four Grapes, as at that day fet on edge the Kin^ 
^ dom of JBvrbsMf. '''..* 

* WHicH'UeckradohfteLordsof the fecret Council jfindr ;V 
Inft as drey faid, " The reafow therein exprefs'd tbbe vtff r"; 
^pregnant,'2hd the particulars delired, much to conduce ^to 
**the glory of .God, the advancement of the true Ghrifllian/; . 
•'^Faithj ia$ IVftjefty^s Hoiiour, and the Peace, and Union of ' . ^ 
*^ his Dominions^ well iapproT'd of^ and concurred in'tlitiir 
eameft'ddlres to the two Houfes of Parliament, f^ To take td 
^ thtir &ious confiderations thofe particulars, and to give fa- 
^ vburable bearing to fucb defires and overtures, as (hould be 
^ found moftxonducibleto tiie promoting fo great, and fo 
«« good a work., 

- Thi s bemg fent to the Parliament at the time they were 
forming their Army, and when the King was preparing for 
his defmce, they wno^ from the- banning, had principally 
intended this confiifion in the Church, infinuated ^^ How ne- 
*' ceflary it was, ipeedily to return a very afieftionate, and 
<^ iatisfkdorv reply to the Kingdoih of ScctMdy not only to 
^ preferve tbe reputation of umty, and confent between them, 
^' which at that time, was very ufefiil to them, but to hinder 
^* the operations of the difaneded in that Kingdom; who, 
^^ upon iniiifions that the Parliament only aim'd at taking his 
^ Majefty's Regal rights from him, to the prejudice of Mo- 
^narchique Government, without any thought of reforrhing 
^ Religion, endeavour'd to pervert the Afiedbdns^df thatPeo- 
^ pie towards the Parliament. Whereas if they were ohce 
^ afiiired there was a purpofe to reform Religion, tbcy^fiuMild 
^^be fure to have their Hearts: and, if occafion fedutred, 
'^ their Hands too ; whidi poffibly might be reduced wr the 
*' King, if that purpofe were not fnanifefted. - ThevdJj^, for 
'**the prefent, th«r ihoukl do well to return " "*"^ 
^-dianlcs for, and meir Brodierly acc^tance and 
*^ of the deQres, and advice of that Chriftian / 
""^bf the Lords of the Council; and that thougl 
If* fent, by reafon t>f the King's diftance from thk- 

OftheReheOioh^ikc. 6§ 

^they could not fettle any condulion in that matt6f, yet £br 
•* Their parts they were refolv'd to endeavour it. 
. ' By this Artifice and Invention, they procured a Dedara* 
>^tion from the two Houfes of Parliiunent, of wonderftil kind- 
er Aefs, and confeffion of many inconVenipncics, and milchieb 
H ds^ kingdom bad fuftain'd by Bifhops j and therefore they do? 
// iAufed^ ^ That That Hierarcnical Government wasevil, and 
I-' 'l^.^y oflfenGve, and burdenfome to the Kingdom; a greac 
^ ; .^^n^)edimedt to -Reformation and growdi otRel^oti; ve-; 
U^ i^ ry prdudicial to the State and Government of tbt Kingdom'^ 
i ■• iPttia tnaf they were refolv'd that the fame fliould bef bdccii 
',: *«Way; and tnit their purpofe was to confuk with Godly, 
,'^ <<and Learned Divines, that they might not only remove 
^i' ft.That, but fetde fuch a Government, as might be rooft agreed 
V- ''able to God's holy word ; rooft ape to procure, and conlerve 
' »the Peace of the Church at home, and happy Union with 
. ;Y? the Qiurch of' Scotland ^ and other Keform'd" Churched 
. /'^abroad ; and to eilltt)li(h the &me by a Law^ which they in- 
" Ktcnded to frame for that purpofe, to be prefented to hi^ Mar 
^ iefty for his Royal Aflcnt ; and in die mean time to befeedi 
^him, that a Bill for the Affembly might be pafled in time 
V convenient for th^ meeting ; 'the two Houfes having extra* 
^idicially and extravacantly nominated their oWii Divmes to 
that purpofe, as is bdore rememjber'd. ' 

It was then believ'd by maily, and the King was'per- 
fwaded to believe the fame^ that all thofe Importunities from 
StHlsmd concerning the Government of the Church, were 
ufed only to preferve themfelves from being prcffed by the 
Pttrliaroent, to joyn with them againft the Kang j imagming 
that d^s Kingdom would never have confented to fuch an al* 
teration ^ and they again pretending, that no other obligation 
could unite that People in their Service. But it is molt cer- 
tain, this laft Declaration was procured by perfwading Men, 
^^Inat it was for the prefent nece(&ry, and that it was only 
^ an Engagement to do their beft to perfwade his Majefty, 
^ who- they concluded would be inexorable in the point 
(which they feem'd not to be forry for) ^^ And that a recediojg; 
^from fuch a conclufion would be a means to gratify his 
« Majefty in a Treaty, At worft, they all knew, that there 
would be room enough, when aiiy Bill Qiould be brought in,^ 
to oppofe what they had, for this reafon of State, feenrd pe-* 
nerally to confent to. And fo by thefe Stratagems, thinking 
to be too hard for each other, they grew all fo entangled, that 
they frill wound themfelves deeper into thofe Labyrinths, in 
which the Major part meant not to be involved. And what 
effisA that Declaration of the two Houfes, after the Battle of 
Edg9^hilly which is mentioned before, wrought, will very (hort- 
ly appear. The 

70 Jk^B^ory Book VI. 

rh$tH^ "^BK ICng found himfelf in good eafe at OxfirJ^ where 

Oxford rv- carc Wiff taken for providing for the (ick, and wounded Sol^ 

^jjj*'*" diers, and for the Accbinodation of the Army* wtiich was, 

*'^^' in a ibort time recruited there in a good meauure; and dae 

leveral Colleges pref^ted his Maiefty with all the Money 

ibti liajd. Jn their Treafuries^ which %tnpuneed to a good 

Sunn^ and ws^ a very (eafoipable fiipply^ af ti)ej had JR>rmerly 

feint him all their . Pbte. Jt , bad been ve^iy happy, if the King 

bad continued his refoluticuji ofjfltting im. dunng the Winter 

"(Bnthodt imkjng farther attempts; for his reputsjtion was now 

{rear, and jbiit Army belieVd to be much gc^er than it was, 
y the ViStoxy they had obtained, and the Pi^rliament grew 
more divided into rations, and dillike of what tbj?y had (kme^ 
and the Gty appeared fuller of difcontent, and leb inclined to 
be impos'd upon than tliey had been : fo that (xi all hands no- 
thing was {iireiifd, but that fbmeaddreis mig^t; be made to the 
King.f(»r an accommodanon ; which temper and difpofition 
ink))t have been cukivated, as many N^ drought, to great 
eG£<9S5, ff no fiuther approaches had been made to Lmmmt, 
to (hew them how little caufe they had for their great fear. 
But the Weather growmg! &ir a(»dn, as it often is^ about aU^ 
MUmiide^ and a good narty of rlorfe having been fent out 
from Ahfffdmy where tne bead Quarter ofthe Hprfe was, they 
advanced nrther than they had order to do, and upon their 
rh€ Gsmfim approach to RtsJwgj where Hany Msrtim was Governour for 
^thtPar- tne Parliament, there was a great terror (eifed upon them, in* 
^^^^ (bmuch as Governour and Garrifon fled to LofubMyj^jod left 
^l^S^it^ ^^ P^^^^ (^ ^^^ ^^^ of Horfe ; which gaveadvertifement to 
Sirjb^ ' the King. <<That all fled before them; t^ the£arl of j^^ 
fMrdwf << remain d (till at Warvikkj having no Army to March ; and 
'**^*^* **^that there was fo great divifions in the Parliament, that, 
^upon his Majefiy's approach, they would all fly; and that 
^ nothing could interrupt him from goingto0^|/«^liriiif. How** 
^cVtt EiMJtitu it (elf was fo good a Pofli, that if the King 
^ fhould find it necelEtry to make his own Relidence in Qx- 
^r/, it would be mudi the better by having a Garrifon at 

Upon thefe and other motives, beiides the natural credu- 
lity in Men, in believing all they with'd to be true, the King 
was prevailed with to march wim hiis Army, to Reading. This 
Atartn quickly came to LMd^ and was received with the 
deepeil horror : they now unbeliev'd all which had been told 
thecKi frodQ their own Army; (bat Army which, they were 
told, waa well beaten, and fcatter'd, was now .advanced with- 
in thirty Miles of Lmib*; and the Earl oiEffix^ who pre- 
tended to the Vi&ory« and who they fuppofed was watching 
tkc King^.that be mi^ not eicape Irom him,, could not be 

* heard 


Of the Rehellion^ &c. 71 

heard of, and condniMid ftill at Warwick. Whilft the Kinjg 
was at NMmfAsmj and Shrrtushuryj they gave orders Magi* 
fterioUy for the War, but now ic was come to their own door^ 
thev took not that delight in it. 

o&FORE they were reiblv'd what to fay, they difpatch'd 
a Me^ngcr, who found the King at Readmgy only to defire 
^ A iafe conduA from his Majefty for a Committee of Lords 
^and Commons, to attend his Maiefty with an humble Peti- 
^ tion fifom his Parliament The king prefently returned his 
Anfwcr, ^' That he had always been, and was ftill ready to 
^ receive any Petition from them : that their Committe ftiould 
^ be Wdcome, provided it conhfted of Perfons, whohad noc 
^ been by name declared Traytors by his Majedy, and ex- 
^cepted as fuch in his Declarations, or Proclamations. The 
caule of this limitation was as well the former Rule hisMi- 
jeOy had fet down at Shrewsbury ( from whence he thought 
not fit now to recede, after a Battle) as that he might prevent 
the Lord Safs being fent to him, nom whom' he could ex- 
ped.tio entu'e, and upright dealing. 

. ; , T H S next day another Letter came from the Speaker of the 
JEioufe of Peers to the Lord Falklandy one of his Nbjcfty'a 
Fi:incipal Secretaries, to deiire ^< A fife conduA for the Earls 
^ of NeribumierUmdy and Femiroh^ and four Members of 
5^ the Houfe of Commons, to attend his Majefty with their 
^ Petitipa y which fife conduft was immediately fign'd by his 
Majiefty ) excepting onl^ for Sr Jehn Bvelyn^ who was by 
na99ie excepted in his Majefty's Proclamation of Pardon to the 
County offPibs ^ which Proclamation was then fent to them 
with a fignification, ^ That if they would fend any other Per- 
l^fon in his place^ not fiibjed: to the fime exception, helhould 
^ be received as ifhisname were in the fife condud:.. Thoc^ 
this was no more than they had caufe to lode for, yet it gave 
them opportunity for a time to lay afide the thou^t of Peti- 
tioning, as if his Majefty had rqeaed all overtures of Peace : 
<^ For he might every day proclaim as many of their Members 
!^ Traytors, and except them from Pardon, as he plea&d, and 
5^. therefore it was to no puipole to prepare Petitions, and. ap« 
^< point Meflengers to pfe&nt them, when it was poffible 
f < thofe Mergers might , the hour before , be proclaim'd 
<< Traytors : that to fubmit to fuch a limitation of the Kind's 
/< was, upon the naatter, to confent tg^ and approve the hi^- 
« eft breach of Privilege, that had been yet oflfer'd to them. 

So that for fome days, all difcouffe of Peace was waved, 
and all poffible preparations for defence and refiftance made y 
for which they hii a ftronger Argument than either of the 
other, theadvancingof their General, the Earl of l^x, who 
.was now on his march, towards Lowdon: and a great fime 

Vol. It Partx. ' F came 

7* TbeHift(ny\ Book VI. 

Qune before bim of thefbength andcouiage offai&Armyj 
though in truth it wafnoc anfweraUe tothe rq)ort : However^ 
it fervid to encourage^ and inflame: tbofe whoiefear qnly in* 
clin'd them to Peace, and to awe the rdL The King, who 
bad cveiv night an account of what wai tranfadted in the 
Moufes all day ( what the clofe Committed di<L who g^ided all 
private defigna, was not fofoon known) refolv'd to quicken 
4u King them ^ and advonc'd with bis whole Army>ta C0kAropL lliis 
^^'' ff indeed cxaked tbeir appetite to Peace 9 for 4dle clamour of the 
eoicbrook. p^jg ^^g iaiAortunatc, and fomewhat bunobled their Style j 
for at c»iitro§ky the xidv of Ntvimiery hi^ Maiefjty was met 
by the two Earls of Nortimmhirlamdj aa^ Femlroh^ widi 
time three of the Houfe of Commoos whofe names w^e in 
Ae &fe condud j they iatisfying themfelves^ that the leaving 
S^^lm Evefyn behind them, without bringing another in bis 
foom, was no Submiffion to the King's exception : and this. 
Petition was by them prefeatedto him. 

\A Petition cc y/ g your Msjefty's moft Loyal Subjeds^ the Lords and 
ZfT^"" ^ Commoos in Parliament afiembksd, being aSeded with a 
frojnbwfh ^ deep and piercing fenfe of tbe miferies of this Kingctom, and 
Haufes. ^ of the d^seTs to your Majefty's Perfon, as the preifent 1^ 
^' fairs now ftaUd : and much quickcn'd therein with the (ad 
^'confideration or the great efiiifion of Biood at the late Bat* 
^tle^ and of die loft of fo many eminent Perfons ) and far* 
^ ch^ weiring thfr^addition of Lofe, Mifery^ and Danger 
^ to your Maje^*^ flttdyour Kingdom, which muftenfuej if 
* both Armies fiibuld again joyn in imother Battle, as \krithouc 
^ God's eQ>ecial Bleiling, indyour Majefty's concurrence with 
^YourHoufes of Parliament will not probably be avoided: 
^^ We cannot but believe that a fuitaUe imprei&on of tender- 
*•< ncfs, and'Corapaffion, is wrought in your Majeffy's Roy^ 
^ heart, being your felf an £y^ Witneis of the bloody and 
^ forrowftd derati^on offb many of your Subjefb; and that 
^ your Majefty doth apprehend what diminution of your own 
^ power ttKtgreamefs will follow, and that all your King- 
^doms will thereby be fo weaken'das to become (iibjea to 
^ the Attempts of any iU affefted to this State. 

^ I N all which reipefts We aQure our felves, that your Ma- 
^' jefty will be inclined gracioufly to accept this our humbU 
^Petition; that the mifery, and defolation q^ this Kingdom 
** may be 4>eedily removed, and prevented. For the eficding 
^ whereof. We humbly befeech your Majefty to appoint fome 
^ convenient place, not far from the City of Lotum^ where 
^ your Majefty will bepleafed tbrefide^ until Cbmmittees 
*' of both Houfes of Parliament may attend your Majefty with 
^fome Psopofidons for the removal'of cbde bloody dmem- 

*« pers 

Of the Re^eOioH, 8cc. 75 

<^ pers aad diftraOionB, tnd fettling the State of the Kingdom 
<< m fiich ft manner as may conduce to the preTervation of 
<c God's true Religion, your Majefty's Honour. Safety, and 
^< Prorpdriqr: } and tO the Fe^ce^ Comfiirr^ and Security of aU 
<* your People. 


Ths King, within two .or three hours after the receipt of 
this PcdtiGMn^ delivered to the lame Meflengjcrs, this eniuing 
Anfwer^ With which they retum'd the fiune Kig^t to LmuUm 

« We take God to Witnefi, how deeply We are afieded t^p^* 
« with the toifcries of this Kingdom, which heretofore Wc *^J"^^ 
^ hav£fftix>ven, as much as in Us lay to prerent j it being fufi- 
*' fidently known to all the World that, as We were noc the 
^^firft chat took up Arms, fo, We have (hewed Our readK 
^ nefs cf compofing all things in a £iir wify, bv our feveral 
^< ofiers of Treaty, and (liall be^ad now at length to find any 
^^fiich inclinations in others. The fame tendernefi to avoid 
^^ the deftrudtion of our Siibjedls (whom We know to be our 
^^greateft ftrength) which woiild always make our greateft 
<< Vi^ries bitter to us, thall make us willingly hearken to 
<^ fiich Propofitions , wherebjr thefe bloody diftempers may 
<< be ftopp'd, and the great difbadions of this Kingdom fet« 
<<tled. to God's glory. Our Honour, and the Weukre^ and 
<( FlouriOii^ of Our People : And to that end Ihall refide al 
^ our own Caftle at Windfir ( if the Forces there Ihall be tt^ 
<^ mov^d ) till Committees may have time to attend us with 
<^ the fame (whidxj to prevent die Inconveniences that will 
^intervene, We wifli be hailen'd ) and ihall be ready ther^ 
^ or, if that be refus'd us^ at any place where We (hall b^ 
^^ to receive fuch Proportions as aforefiud, from bodi out 
^^Houfes of Parliament. Do you Your Duty, We will not 
^^be wanting in ours.. God of nis mercy give a bleffing. 

It was then bdiev'd by many, that if the King had, as (boo 
as the Mefiengers retum'd to JUmdowj retired with his Army 
to Riodrng^ and there expeOed the Parliament's Anfwer, th^ 
would immec&tely bive withdrawn their GanKbn fix>m Whtd^ 
Jar J and delivered that OdSle to his Majefty for his accom« 
modation to have treated in : And without doubt thofe Lordf 
who had been widi the Petition, and fome others who 
thought themfelves as much over-^ihadow'd by the greatneft 
of the £arl of Efix^ and the Chief Officers of the Army, aa 
they could be by the dory of any Favourite, or power of any 
Couniellors, were refolv^ to merit as much as they could (H 
the King, by advancing an honourable Peace; and had it in 
their purpoie to endeavour the gving up of ffMfir to the 

f % Kingi 

74i The Hiflory BookVL 

King J but whether they would have been able to baye pe- 
' Tail'd that fo confiderable a ftrei^« in fo confiderabte a 

place, fliould have been quieted, whiUt diere was only bope 
of a Peace, I nmcb doubt. But certainly the Kine^s Army 
carried great terror with it^ and all thofe reports, which pub^ 
lifh'd the weaknefi of it, srew to be peremptorily disbelieved. 
Fbr, befides that every (kys experience difprov^d ibmewhat 
which was (b confidently report and it was evident great 
induilry was us'd to apply fudi Intelligence to the Peo[ue as 
was moft like to make impreOioa upon the paffions, and af- 
> feftions of the Vulggr-lbirited, it could not be believ'd that a 

handful of Men could have given Battle to their formidable 
Army, and after taking two or, three of dieir Garrifbns, pre- 
fume to march within fifteen Miles of JCmm/ms; ib that, if 
jrom thence the King had drawn back again to ResJwgy re- 
lying upon a Treaty for the rel^ it is probable his power 
"Would nave been more valued, and confeauently his grace 
the more magnified. And fore the King rdblv'd to have done 
fo, or at lealt io'have flayed at Coktr^gk till he heard again 
from the Parliament. But Prince Itufert^ exalted with the 
terror he heard his Name gave to the Enemy, trufting too 
much to the Vulgar Intelligence every Man receiv'd from his 
Friends at Lmulon^ who according to their own Paflions and 
the Affedtions of thofe with whom they correfponded, con- 
cluded that the King had fo great a Party in Londattj that, if 
his Army drew near, no refiionce would be made^ without 
any direction from the King, the very next morning after the 
Committee retum'd to LoMmu advanced with the Horfe and 
Dragoons to HmaHflomy and tnen fent to the King to deiire 
him that the Army might march after; which was, in that 
cafe, of abfolute neceflity ^ for the Earl of Effex had a part of 
his Arm^ at Brentfordj and the reft at jiBon^ and KingBM, 
So that if the King had not advanced with his Body, thofe 
who were before might very eaiily have been compafs'd in, 
and their Retreat made very difficult. 
The King So the Klngroarch'd with his whole Army towards Brent- 
narches fiyj^ whcTe WcrtJ Two Regimcnts erf rheir beft Foot (for fo 
=i'^"^ford *®y ^^^ accounted, being thofe who had eminently bc- 
hav'd themfelvcs at E^e^Ul) having Barricadoed the nar- 
ix)w Avenues tothe lown, and calt up feme little Breait 
Works at the moft convenient places. Here a Welfh Regi- 
ment of the King's, which had been faulty at Edge-hiO^ reco- 
vered it's Honour, and aflauTtifed the Works, and forced the 
Barricadoes well defended by the Enemy. Then the Kin^'5: 
Forces entcr'd the Town after a' very warm Service, the chief 
Officers, and- many Soldiers of the other fide being kill'd; 
and they took there above five hundred Prifoners, eleven 


Cf the Relel&oti, &c. 7 j 

GolouTS) «33d fifteen Pieces' of Cannon, and good ftore of 
Ammunition. But tb» Vi&ory ( for confidering the place 
ic mi^t well be call'd (b ) prov'd not at all fortunate to his 

Ths tvo Houfes were to well fatisficd with the Anfwer 
their Committe had brought from the King, and With the 
report they made of his Majeftjr's Qemency, and gradoua 
Reception of them, Aat they had fent Order to their Forces, 
^ Hiat they (hould not exercife any Aft of Holtilitv towards 
^ the Kings Forces ; and, at the bsnt time, difpatch d a MeC* 
fenger, to acquaint his Majefty therewith, and to defire *^ That 
^ ctere might be the like K)rbearanoe on His part. The 
Mefifenger found both Parties engaged at Brentfordj and fo 
retum'd without attending his Miyelty, who had no appre* 
henlion that they intended any Cewujon; fuice thofe Forces 
were advanced to Brentford^ A^on^ and KingSon^ after their 
Committee were fent to cokhrook. However they look'd up- 
on this entring of Brentford as a furprife contrary to Faith^ 
and the betraying their Forces to a Maf&cre, under the fpe-i 
clous pretence of a Treaty for Peace. The Alarm came to 
lAndon^ with the £une Terror as if the Army were enter'd 
their Gates, and the King accufed ^ Of Treachery, Perfidy, 
<^and Bloody and that he had given the Spoil and WeUth of 
^< the Gty as Pillage to his Army, which advanced with no 
"other purpofe. 

They who believ'd nothing of diofe Calumnies, yftttneEMpf 
not yet willing the King (hould enter the Gty with an Army, ^ffex*/ .Ar- 
which, they knew, would not beGovmi'din^yRichQuar^^f'^^^^^ 
ters^ and therefore, with liniiieakable Expedition, the.Armv^^^/'^,^'! 
under the£arlof4^x was not only drawn together, butauf»/tf<i4^«f>jf 
the Train'd-bands of London led out in their brighceflEqui^'^^- 
page.upon the Heath next Brintfordy where they had indeed 
a foil Army of Horfe and Foot, fit to have decided the Title 
of a Crown with an equal Adverfiiry. The View and Pro4 
fped of this ftrength, which nothing but that fuddain iud* 
gent could have brought together, extremely pufiSbd them up ; 
not only as it was an ample Security againft the prefent Dan^ 
ger, but as it look'd like a Safe Power to encounter any other; 
They had now before their Eyes the King's little handful of 
Men, and then begun to wonder and blufli at their own Fears; 
and all this might be without excefs of Courage; for without 
doubt their numbers then, without the advantage of Equipage 
( which to Soldiers is a great addition of Mettle ) were five 
times greater than the King's Harrafled, Weather-beaten, and 
Half-itarv'd Troops. ..... ' -^ 

I HAVE heard many knowing Men, and fome who were 
then in the City R^giuo^nts, lay, « That if the Kmg had 

F 3 -^ (^V. 

7^ : The. Hi/kiy Book VI. 

<* Advanced, dnd avu|;ed tbit Maffive Body, it had pre&ntly 
^^ven sroundj and that the ^King-had (b great a Party in 
^ every KqKimenc^ that they woi}ld nave made no refi^tuice. 
But it had been madne(s, which no fuccers could have vin* 
dicattd, to have made that, ateempt : and die King eafily 
difirem'd that He had brou^ ' himfelf into (treights and 
difficultie% which would be Jiardly nH^r'd j and expofed 
loM Vidlorious Army to view,, at too' oear a diftance off 
bis two Enemies, die Parliament and the. Qty. Yet. he ftdod 
all that day in Battalia taireceive. theip, who only play'd 
upon him with their Cannottij to the lo& on)y oi four or 
fiveHorfea, and not one Mul. The conftitution of their 
Forces, where thm were very mariy' not at aUaft&edto 
the Company they wei^e in, being « good argumCTtto Them 
not to Charge the King, wUdi )it£dbeen an m one to Him to 
Charge Them. . 
•n^King^s When .the Evening drew on, and it appeared that great 
urmy Body ftood (Xily for the defence of the Qty, the King ap* 
itnei^n^ potntcd his Army to draw off to Rmfifm^ which the Rebels 
^ *"® • had kindly jjuittedj which they dirf without the lofs of a 
Man; and hinofelfwent to his own Htsufe at Ham^op-C9urt^ 
where he refted the next day, as well to refreih his Army, 
even tir'd with \^tching and Fafting, as to exped fome 
PropoQtions from &e Holies. For, upon his advance to 
Brentfordy he had fent a Servant of his own, one Mr Whiter 
with a MdO^e to the Parliament^ containing the reafons of 
that motion, (tl^erd being no Cci&tiQn ofier'd on Their part ) 
and defiring ^ The Propoiitions might be difpatch'd to him 
^ with all jpeedw But his M^flenger being carried to the 
Earl of Bgex^vi%% by him ufed very rou^ly, and by the 
Houfes committed to the Gate-houfe^ not without the mo- 
tion of fome Men, ^ That he might be executed as a Spy. 

After a days ftay at Utmftm^<^rt^ the King remov'd 
bimfelf to his Houfe at Oatlands^ leaving the grofs of his 
Army ftill at KsMgfiimy and thereabouts; but being then in* 
form'd of die h^h imputations they had laid upon him ; 
^ Of breach of Faith, by his march to Brentford \ and that 
^ die Qty was res^y inftimed with an opinion, that he meant 
^< to have iurprifed them, and to have fack'd the Tpwn ; 
^^ that they were fo poflefi'd with that fear,, and apprehenfion, 
"that their care and preparation for their Safety would at 
" leaft keep off' all Propofitions for Peace, whilft the Army 
"lay fo near 'Lendmv He gave direction for all his Forces to 
J;f^* retire to ReadsMgi firftdifchai^ng all the Common Soldiers, 
^^' who had been taken Prifoners at Brentford (except fuch who 
voluntarily ofier'd to ferve Him ) upon their Oaths that they 
wouldino more bear Arms agaioft his Majefly . 


The Ku\g Acn^e^t^,^ M^Oage to the. Houfes. ia whichrb* Ksf^s 
c^Me took nocicc,of th^e. unjuft aaii ;UoireafonaUe impub^/MifuNW- 
^^tions xvSo^onYamixniA chem again of the jfesifons^/^«'«^^« 
'^.OirpifnlianoesoiFhiy motion towards J9rv»i/M 9 (xftbe Etrl''"^^''' 
^' QfEffik's dttiwini out his Forces towards him, sjod poQeflipg 
<<thafc-Q^iarters aoout him , and almoft hemming him in, 
^' after the time that the CommiflionerA were fent to him 
<< with the Petition ; that he had never heard of the leaft 
^< Overture of the forbearing all AGts of Hoftility, but fiuv 
<< the contrary praOiced by them by that Advance; diat he 
^^ had not the kaft thought or intention of maftering the City 
<< by Force, or carrying his Army thither : That he wonder'd 
f^xq hear his Soldiers charged with tfairfting after Blood, 
<< when they took above five hundred Prifoners in the very 
<fheacofdieFig^t. He told than fuch were moit apt, and 
5f likely to mainrain their Power by Blood and Rapine, who 
.ttJM onjy got it by C^prdfion and Inioftice ; that his was 
^ veiled, in him by.^eliaw, and by doat only ( if the de- 
<f ftrudiive Counfeis of others did not hinder fuch a Peace, in 
4c whjic)i that might cmce again be the univerial rule, and in 
^< which only KeUgion and Juftice could fiouriih) he defir'd 
^ to ipaintain it ; I'faac he mtended to march to iiich a dir 
5^ ftam% jfrom his Cky oiljimdmy lU mig^t take awjuf all pre* 
,^'tQOCe of apprebenfion fifom his Army, that migpc biader 
.<rthem>from preparing (heir Proportions, inallfecurity,tt>.be 
f< prefoited to him ^ im there he wpu^ be ready to receive 
5f. them,, or, if that expedient pleaTed them not, to end the 
^< PreiSfores and Miieries^ which bis Siibjed^ to lus great grief, 
<< fiiSerVl through this War, hj a prefent totle. 

I But ^ che Army's being (o near lAndQn iyas an Argprnenc 
again^ a prefent Treaty , fb itsf remove fo Reading was % 
greater with very many not to defire. any* The danger 
Whi^^tbey had brought themfelyes for (bme days together 
to look upon at their (jates, was now to foe contemn^ at the 
tliftance of, thirty Miles ; and this Retreat icuputed only to the ^ ■ 
fear of the Power, not jDo the inclinajdons to Peace. And 
therefore diey, who during (he time -^at the Major part did 
really defire a good Peace, and whiUI: Overtures were prepa- 
ring to that purpofe, h%d the skill to intermingle Ads more 
derarudtive to it, than «ny Propofitions ^x)uld beconUTbutary 
( as the inviting the Scots to their Alliftance by that Deda^ 
ration, which is before me^ion'd; and the publilhing a De^ 
claration at the fame time, which had lain long by thein, m 
reply to one fet forth by the King long before in f^WNCt to 
theirs of the 26^ of May^ in which they ofedbpth bis Perfon 
and his Power with more irreverence than they had ever 
done before ) now only infifted on the furprUe, as they cali'd 

F* it, 

78 The Hiflory Book VI. 

iL of BriMtfardi and publiOi'd, by die Authority .of both 
Houfes, a rdation of tne carriage of the King's Soldiers in 
thac Town after dieir ViAory ( whidi they fram'd \ipon the 
difirourfes of the Country People, who poffibly, as it cotild 
not be otherwife, had receiv'd damage by their Licence then) 
to make the King and his Army odious to the Kii^dom ; 
<* As afieOing nothing but Blood and Rapine ; and conduding, 
^<rhat there could not be reafonably ezpe&ed any Good Con- 
editions of a tolerable Peace from the King, whilft be was 
^in (iich Company; and therefore that all particular Propo- 
*' fitions were to be refolv'd into that one, of inviting his Ma- 
*Mefty to come to them ; and got a Vote from the Ntojor part 
of both Houfes, ^^ That no other meafure for AccommOda- 
^* tion or Treaty (hould be thought on. 

Their Trudy Lord Mayor of London , Ifaac Penninitan^ 
who was again chofen to ferve another year, fo befldrfdliim- 
felf, having to affift him two Sherifis, Jjmfutm and Andrews^ 
as they could wifii, that there was not onhr no more imix)r- 
ttmity or incemo&tion from the City for Peace ; but, inltead 
'thereof, an Overture and Declaration from divers , under 
the Ayle of well afreSied Perfons, ^< That they would advaiice 
'^'^ confider^le number of Soldiers, for the fupply andrecruit 
^ of the Parliament Forces; and would Arm, Maintain, and 
'<< I^iy them for feveral Months, or during the times of danger, 
e and diftrafiUons ; provided that they might have the pub- 
^' lick Faith of the Kingdom for repayment of all fuch Sums 
^* of Money, which they (hould fo advance by way of Loan. 
This wonderful kind of Propofition was prefently declared 
** To be an acceptable Service to the King, Parliament, and 
'^ Kingdom^ ana neceflarily tending to the prefervation of 
*^ them ; and therefore ah Ordinance, as they call i^ was 
framed and' pafled b<>th Houfes \ 
'^nordi" " "That all (uch as (hould fumi(h Men, Money, Horle, 
nance for cc^f Arms for that Service, (hould have the lame folly repaid 
r*'S»» ** again, y/friih Intereft for the forbearance thereof, from the 
JIS^ pXici^-*^ times disburfcd. And for the tme payment thereof, they 
Faith. "did thereby engage to all, and every fuch Perfon, and Per- 
*" fens, the Publick Faith of the Kingdom. And order'd the 
Lord Mayor, ^dMSherifis of London^ by themfelves, or fudi 
Sub-Committees as they (hould appoint, to take Subfcriptions, 
and to intend tbe advancement of that Service. Upon this 
voluntary, general Proportion, made by a few obicure Men, 
^ probably foch who were not able to uipply much Money, 

Was this Ordinance made; and from thiis Ordinance the adive 
Mayor, and Sheriffi, appointed a Committee of fiich Perfofis 
\f hdfe iiK:linatioi)is they well knew, to prefs all kind of Peo- 
ple ,erpecially' thofe who were not forward, to new Sub- 
' ■ ■ fcriptionsj 

Of the Rebellion^ &c. 79 

fcripcions^ and, by degrees, from this unconfidcr'd paQagey 
grew the Monthly Tax of fix thoufand pounds to be (ec upon 
the Citv for the payment of the Army. 

A s tocy pioTided , with this notable circumfpedion, to 
raife Men and Money ; fo they took not leis care, nor ufed 
left Art, and Induftiy, to raife their General ; and left he 
mi^t fii^pdle bimfelf &llen in their good grace^d confidence^ 
by bringmg an Army back Ihatter'd, poor, andditcomfbrted, 
which he rad carried out in fiiU Numbers, and glorious £Qui- 
page, they ofed him with greater reverence suid fubmiluoa 
than ever. They had before appointed another diftindi Ar^ 
my to be raifed under the Command of the Earl of Warwkk^ 
and not fubjed to the Power of the Earl of J^x, and of this, 
feveral Regiments and Troops were raifed ^ thefe they fent to 
the old Army, and the Earl of Warwick save up his Com- 
ixuflioii, upon rdblution ^ That there (hoiud be only one Ge- 
^neral, and He, the Earl of Effix. Then the two Houfet 
pafled and prefented, with great folemnity, thi^ Declaration 
Co his Excellency, the fiune day that their Committee went to 
the King with their Petition : 

** Th a t, as they had, upon mature deliberation, and at ^ ^f^ 
^« fur'd confidence in his NVifflom, Courage, and Fidelity, 2^; ^ 
^< cfaoien, and appointed Him their Captain General ; fo they ^^g thm 
^'ilidfind, that me faid Earl had managed that Service, of (o c«MnWs 
^^ high importance, with fo much care, valour, and dexterity, *f^^/*^ 
«< as well by the cxtrcmeft hazard of his Life, in a bloody Bat- ^*^'*- 
^^ tie near Knms^m in ifkrwckfiftrey as by all the AOions of 
^' a Moit excellent and expert Commander, in the whole 
'< courfe of that Imploymenr, as did deferve their beft ac- 
<^ knowledgment : And they did therefore declare, and pub- 
«< liOi, to the lading Honour of the faid Earl, the great and 
^^ acceptable Service, which he bad therein done to the Corn- 
^^mon- wealth; and fliould be willing and ready, upon alloc- 
^^cafions, to exprefi the due. fenfe they hi^othi^ Merits^ Iqr 
^ alluring and proteding Him, and all others imploy'd under 
<< his Coinmand in that Service, with their Lives and For- 
<^ tunes, to the uttermoft of their Power: that Teftimony and 
^' Declaration to remain ujpon record, in both HoufesotPar- 
^< liament, for a mark of Honour to his Perfon, Name, and 
^< Family, and for a Monument of his fingular Virtue to Po- 
" fterity. 

When they had thus compofed their Army and their 
General, they fent this Petition to. the King to Rendmgj who 
fta/d ftiU there in expeAation of their Propofitions. 

jT «May 

8o The. Hifior/\ BookVL. 

ccfiiay It pleale yoiir M^jefty : .V. . 

Theibufei «It is humbl/ deOry /ty both Houfes of Rurliament, 

f^iCi*i' ^that your Majefty wiU be pltfafcd to return £0 vour Parlia- 

Nov?2^' *inenc, with your Roytl , not your Maitial, . Atcendaace , 

^to the end that Reli^a, Laws, and Ubertiei >. amy be 

^letded and (ecured by dieir Advice; finding bjf ft (ad, and 

^ late accident, that your Majefty is envicoA^ by, iboie fuch 

^ Councils, as do ratner perTwade a defperace divifion, than a 

^ joyning and a good agreement with your. Parliament and 

^ People : And We Ihall be ready to give your Miyefty Afr 

f^fiuance of fuch fecurity, ta may be tor your Honour, and 

^^ the Safety of your Royal Ferlbn. 

7%f ^M^- AgsooN as the King receiY'd this ftnmge Addreis, he 
fiance of the retum'd them by the fame Meflenger a ibarp Aofwer to this 
^f ^'^eflfed;; He told them, « He hoped tdl his good Sub^eiOs would 
^look upon that Medage wim Indignatinn, as igoended, by 
^ the Contrivers thereoi^ as a (corn to him i and. thereby dcs 
^ fign'd by that Malignant Party { of whom he had fo often 
^^complain'd, whofe Safety and Ambition was built upon the 
^Divifidns and Ruins dF the Kingdom, and who .had too 
<< great an influence updn their A<3ions) for a Wall of fepa* 
^ration betwixt his M^efly: and his People. He faid, he 
^ had oken told them the reafbns , why ho departed from 
^^L0mhm; how he was chafed thence,, and. by whom; and 
^ as often complain'd, that the greateft part of his Peers, and 
^ of the Members of the Houfe of Commons, cou(d not, with 
^ fafety to their Honours and Perfons, continue, and Vote 
^freely among them ; but by vicdence, and cunning pra&ices, 
^were debarred of thofe Privileges, which ^eir JBirth-rights, 
^and the traft renewed in them by their Countries, gave them : 
^ That the i;^le Kingdom knew that an Army was ratfed, 
^ under pretence of Orders of both Houfes (an ufiirpation ne- 
^ver before 4ieaTd of in any Age) which Army bad purfued 
^ his Majeffy in his own Kingdom ; given him battle at Km- 
^tom; and now, thofe Rebels, being recruited, and pbflefled 
. ^ of die City of Lanthn^ he was courteouQy invited to remm 
^ to^ his Parliament there, that is, to the power of that Army. 

^ That, he faid, could %iot« nothing but that, fuice the 
" Trayterous endeavours of Siofc deiperate Men, could not 
** iiiatch the Crown from his Head, it being defended by the 
" Providence of God, and the AfFedtions and Loyalty of his 
*^ good Subjedts, he mould now tamely come up; and give it 
^'them; and put Himfelf, his Life, and the Lives,. Liberties, 
^'and Fortunies of all hia good Subje^ into theit Merciful 
« H^ds. He (kid, he thought not fie to give any other An- 


Of the ReheUion, Sec. 2t 

'< Twer to that {MUt of their Petition : But as he imputed not . 
^ that affront to both his Houfes of Ftrliament, nor to the 
^ Major part of thbfe who were then preTent there, but to that 
<< dangerous Party his Majeily and tlie Kindom muft ftiil cry 
<^ out upon; fb he would not (for his good Subjefifs iake^ 
^and out orhis moft tender fenfe of thor Miferies, and the 
^genml Calamities of the Kingdom, which muft, if the 
tt War continued 9 fpeedily overwhelm the whole Nation j 
<< take advantage of it : But if they would really purfue the 
^courfetbey feem'd, by their Petition at coUkrook^ to be in- 
^< ciin'd to, he fhould make gpod all he dien promifed ^ wher6- 
^ by the hearts of his diftreS^ Subjeds might be raifed with 
<< Che hopes of Peace; without which. Religion, the Laws, 
^ and Liberties, could by no ways be fettled and fecured. 

^ For die late, and fad Accident they mentioned, if they 
^ intended that of Brewsfwd^ he defirVi tnem once again to 
^ deal ingenuouily with the People, and to let diem fee his 
^lait Meflase to them, and his Declaration, concerning the 
^ fame ( both which his Majefty had fenc to his Prefs at Loih 
dowj but were taken away from his MefTenger, and not fuficr'd 
to be publilh'd ) ^ And dien he doubted not, but they would 
^ be foon undecdv'd, and ca&ly find out thofe Councils, which 
<^ did rather perfwade a defperate divifion, than a good agree- 
^ mem betwixt his Majefty,- his two Houfes, and People. 

This Aiifwer beii4; ddiver^d, without any farther confi- 
tleration* whether the fame were reafonable, or notreafonable, 
they declared ^ The King had no mind to Peace ; and there- 
upon laid afkle all fmber Debates to that purpofe^ and or- 
<Ier'd their General to march to iPhtdfir widh the Army, to 
be (b miich nearer the King'sForces; for the better recruiting 
wheredF, two of their molt Eminent Chaplains, Dr D^vmtMg 
«nd Mr MarJbMlj publickly avow'd, ^ That the Soldiers lately 
<< taken Prifooers at Bremtfitdy axid difcharged, and releafed 
^ t^ the King u^xm their Oaths that they would never again 
^bear Arms agaipft him, were not obliged hj that Oath ; 
-but, by Their Power, abfob'd them thereof, and fo engaged 
again thofe miferaUe Wretches in the fecond Rebellion. 

WliftKP the King difcem'd clearly that the Enemies to 
Peace bad the better of him, and that there was now no far- 
ther thought of preparing Prc^iitions to be fenc to him ; after 
he bad feen a Line drawn about Re^dhgy whidi he refolv'd 
to keep as a Garrifon, and the works in a reafonable forward- 
nefs, be left S*^ Arthmr Aft^ whom he had lately made Com- 
miflary General of the Horfe ( Mr Wilmvt being at the feme 
time conftimted Lieutenant Genml) Govemour thereof, 
with a Garifon of above two thoufand Foot, and a good Re- 
gtmenc of Horfe : and Himlctf with the reft of his Army 


Si; Tke Utftory Book VI. 

the King nmUjtd to OxfifJj where herefolv'd to reft that Winterj 
hsvingGar-fexxlmg at die fame time a good Garrifon at Wal&w^ardy a 
RwdiM P^*^® of great importance within eldit Miles of Oxford -^ an- 
sndwt' <^^^'^ ^ ^^ Br ill upon the Edge of Buckingham^/hire; a third 
lingford, being before fettled at Bat^ry^ jHUmgdau being the head 
MifinM Quarters for his Horfe ; and by rtiis means he had all Oxford^ 
^^ehetlT^^^^ entire, all Berk-jtire^ but that barren divifion about 1^^ 
oxforX ^ fi^ 9 ^^^ ^o°^ ^^ Bril/y and Bsnhuryy a good influence upon 
Buektrngham-Jhire^ and Nertbamftoftfinn. 
The King was hardly fettled in his Quarters, when he 
2^^ heard that the Parliament was fixing a Garrubn at Malhorougb 
rough Gat- ^^ Wik^fl^ire^^ Town the moft notorioufly diMeded of all that 
rifin*dhy County; odietwife, faving the obftinacy and malice of the 
th0 Parii^ Inhabitants, in the Situation of it very unfit for a Garrifon. 
"•^* Thither the Earl of Ejpx had fent one Ram fey ( a 51»/x-man, 
as very many of dieir Officers were of that Nation ) to be 
Govemoor^ who, with the help of the Fadious People there, 
had quickly drawn t(^ther five or fix hundred Men. This 
places the King (aw, would foon prove an ill Neighbour to 
nim; not only as it was in the heart of a Rich County, and fo 
would ftreighten, and even infi^ his Quarters (for it was 
within twenty Miles of Oxford) but as it did cut o£f his Line 
of Communication with the Weft : And therefore, though it 
was Deeemher^ a feafon when his tired, and aimoft nak^ sol- 
diers might expedt reft, he fent a ftrong Party of Horfe, Foot, 
and Dragoons, ander the Command of M*^ Wibn^t the Lieu- 
tenant General of his Horfe, to viGt that Town j who com- 
ing thither on a Saturday ^ found the place ftrongly mann'd : 
for, befides the Garrifon, it being Market day , very manv 
Country People came thither to buy and fell, and were aU 
compell'd to ftay and take Arms for the defence of.the place; 
which for the moft part,, they were willing to do, and the 
People peremptory to defend it. Though there was no Unc 
about it, yet there were fome [^ces of great advantage, upon 
which they hadraifed Batteries, and planted Cannon, and fo 
. Barricadoed all the Avenues, which were through deep nar- 
row Lanes, that the Horfe could do little Service. 

When the Lieutenant General was, with his Party, near 
the Town, he apprehended a Fellow, who confefled upon Ex- 
amination, " That he was a Spy, and fent by the Governour 
" to bring intelligence of their ftrength and motion. When 
all Men thought, and the poor Fellow himfelf fear'd, he Ihould 
be executed ; the Lieutenant General caufed his whole Party 
to be ranged in order in the next convenient place, and bid 
the Fellow look well upon them, and obferve them, and then 
bid him return to the Town, and tell thofe that fent him, 
what he bad feen, and withal that be ihould acquaint the 


Of the Rebellion^ &CC. 83 

Magiftrates of the Town, <<That they (hould doiirell to treat 
^ with the Garrifon, to give rhein leave to fubmit to- the King; 

^ ^ that if they did fo, the Town (hould not receive the leaft 
^ prejudice^but if they compelled him to make> his wav, and 
^< enter the Town by force, it would liot be in his power to 
^ keep his Soldiers from taking that which they (hould win 
^^with their Blood : and fo dirmi(s'd him. Ihis generous 
ABt proVd of fome advantage ; for the Fellow, transported 
with having his Life given him 3 and the Numbers of the 
Men be had feen, beudes his no Experience in fuch (iehts^ 
being multiplied by his fear, made notable relations of the 
Streii^th, Gallantry, and Refolution of the Enemy, and of the 
impoffibility of reufting themj which, though it prevailed 
not with thofe in Authority to yield, yet it flrangely abated 
die ho^, and courage of the People. So that wnen the 
fungi's Soldiers fell on, after a Volley or two, in which much 
Execution was done, they threw down their Arms, and run 
into the Town ; fo that the Foot had time to make room for 
the Horie, who were now enter'd at both ends of the Town, 
yet were not fo near an end as they expefied ; for the Streets 
were in many places Barricadoed, which were obftinately de- 
fended by (ome Soldiers and Towns-men, who kiird many 
Men out of the Windows of the Houles ^ fo that, it may be, 
if they had trufted only to their ownftrength, without com- 
pelling the Country Men to encreafe their Number, smd who 
being firft fritted, and weary, di(hearten'd their Companions, 
that place might have coft more Blood. Ramfiy the Gover- 
nour was himfelf retir'd into the Church with (ome Ofiicers, 
and from thence did (bme hurt ^ upon this, there being fo 
many kill'd out of Windows, fire was put to die next Hou(es, 

^ fo that a good part of the Town was burned, and then the 
Soldiers enter'd, doing lefs Execution than could rea(bnablv 
be expefied 3 but, what they fpared in Blood , they tooK 
in Pillage, the Soldiers enquiring litde who were Friends 
or Foes. 

This was the firft Garri(bn taken on either (ide , for Fam-^ Marlbo- 
t^m Caftle in Surrey y whither fome Gendemen who were rough t^k^m 
willing to appear for the King had repair'd, and were taken ^/^ ^ 
with lefs re(atonce than was fit, by S' mBiam Waller, fome ^'l^^ 
few days before, deferv'd not the name of a Garrifon. In Utufaumt 
this of MarlBoreufh were taken, befides the Govcrnour, and GMerd 
other Officers, who yielded upon Qiarter, above one thou-^*^"^*' 
iand Prifoners ; great ftores oi Arms, four pieces of Cannon, 
and a good quantity of Ammunition , with all which the 
Lieutenant General return'd fafe to Oxford: Though this 
Succefs . was a little (hadow'd, by the unfortunate lofs of a 
ve^ good Regiment of Horfe within a few days after ^ for 


94 The Hiftory Book VI. 

tbe Loitl QNmtUfim^bj the mircarriage of Orders^ was eir 
pofed^ tc coo ereic a diftaoce from the Axm% with his (ingle 
RegimoQt of Horfc axloBaxig of three hundred, and a Regi- 
fnenc of. two hundred. Dragooniy to the unequal eliQounter 
of a Party of the Enemy of five thoufand Horfe ind Dra* 
goons; and fo was Himfelf^ after a Retreat made to^i»« 
tMety there taken with aU his Party j which Was the firit 
lofs of that kind the King fiiitain'd ; but Without the kaft 
fault of the Commander ; . and the misfortune Waa much 
lefienM by hia making an efcape hamfelf with tWo. or three 
of his principal Officers, who were very welcome to Ox«- 

The ficS: diing the King appl/d himfelf to conlult upon, 
after he waa fettled in his Winter Quarters, add defpair*d of 
any haosSt Overmres for a Peace, was, how to apply fome 
Antidote to ±at Poyion, which was fent into SiaiMJy in 
that Declaration We mention'd before; the urtiich he had 
not only feen^ as an A& communicated abroad and in many 
hands. Me die Scotijb Eul of I^fl^, who waathea a Corn^^ 
miffioner Leiger at L^mhm for Scotland ^ had prefemed it to 
Um. And there was every day fome moticHi in: tbe Houfe 
of Commons to prefs the ScotSy to invade the Kingdom for 
their affiitance, upon the growth of the Earl of Nevh<:afil^% 
power in the North. And therefore^ after foil thoughts, th6 
King writ to his Privy Council of Scdtlamd {\9hOy by the 
Laws enadied when be was lali there, had the Abfoluce, in* 
deed Regal, Power of that Kingdom) and took notice of that 
Declaration, which had been fent to them, eameftly inviting, 
and in a manner challenging an Affiftance from that his Na- 
tive Kingdom of Men and Arms, for making a War againft 
him, and making chum to that Afliftance by virtue of die late 
AEt of Pacification. 
fheSu^ He toldtbem, <<Th^ ashewas at his Soul a£Bi<3ed, that 

jr ^** M^^r ^ ^^ '^ ^^^^^^ "* ^^^ power of any faaious , ambitious , 

fi^tlVhg^^^ malicious Perfons, (6 far to poflefe the hearts of many 

frivj r«Mi- ^ of his Subjeds of t!9^iandj as to raife diis miferable diftem- 

tit •fscot'^ per, and diftraOion in this Kingdom againll all his real en* 

land, uf9n a deavouTS and adtions to the contrary ; fo he was glad that 

ijTM^n^/ ccThat rage and fary had fo far tranfported thern, that they 

H^sDe- ^applied themfelves, in fo grofe a manner, to his Subje&s of 

€tarati9Hu ^^Ssotlomly whofe experience of his Religion, Juftice^ and 

tbM KSng* « Love of his People, would not fiiffcr them to believe thofe 

••*• « horrid Scandals, laid upon his Migefty : and their Affeaioa, 

^ Loyaln^, and Jealoufy of his Honour, would difdain to be 

«* made Inftruments to opprefi their native Soveraign, by af^ 

^ fifting an odious Rebellion. He remember'd them, ^ That 

^be bad ftom time to c&ine acquainted bis Sobjeds of that 



Of the Rehellimy ^z. %^ 

^ Kingdom with the Accidents, and Ciipcumftances which had 
^ difquieted This ^ bow, after all the Ads of Jullice, Grace, 
^ and Favour, penbrm'd on His part, which were or could be 
<< defi/d to sttve a.People compleatly happy, he was driven, 
<< by the force and violence of rude and tumultuous Aflem* 
^blies, from Us Gaty of lAmdm^ and his Houfes of Varlia- 
^ ment ^ how attempts had been made to impofe Laws upon 
^< his Subje^ without His confcnL and contrary to the foui>> 
^datiott and .€onItitu(k>n of the Kingdom^ how hisForts^ 
<^ Goods, and Navy, had been feiied, and taken from him hy 
^forc^ and imj^y^d agtinft him \ his Revenue, and ordi-> 
^* nary Subfiibeace,' wrelfed from him : How he had been pur* 
<^ filed with fcandalous and reproachfiil LangMage ^ bold, falfe^ 
^ and iSsditious Fafquils, and Libels, publikly allow'd againlt 
<' him : and had been told that he might, without want of 
<* Nfodefty and Duty', be depos'd : That after all this, before 
*^ SEny force xaifed by Him, an Army was rais'd, and a Gene* 
s< ral squinted Co lead that Army i^nft his Maieftv, with a 
?^ Comm^on to kill^ iky, and deftroy all fuch who mould be 
^ fidthftil to him i That when he had been, by thefe means^ 
^ compdlfd, with the Afliftance of his good Subjedls, to raife 
^an Army for his neceflary defence, he had fent divers gr»- 
<^ cious MefEiges^ eamefrly defiri^ that the calamities, and 
^ miferies (p/l a Qvil War might be prevented by a Treaty; 
c^fliid fo he might know the grounds of that miiunderitwd* 
<^ ing : That be was abfolutely Tefiis'd to be treated with, and 
<^ the Army (raifec^ as was pretended, for the defence of Isa 
<< Perfon) brought into the I'ield againft hiro^ gave him &£* 
<^ tie \ and, though it pleas'd God to give his Adajefly the Vt*- 
<^ Aory, deftroyed manv of his good Su^e^s, with as eminent 
^ dsuiger to his own Perfon, and his (Jhildren, as the skiH 
^ ftod malice of deiperate Rebels could contrive. 

<^ O p all which, and the other Indignities,, which had been 
<^ oflfer'd to him, he doubted not the Duty and A^dtioa of 
^^his Sc9^ Subje^ would have fo juft arefentment, that 
^ they would esprefi to the world the fenfe they had of h» 
^< fufierings : And, he hoped, his good Subjedls of Sc9$Umi 
^ were not fo great (hangers to the affiurs of this Kingdom. 
<< to believe that this misfortune and diftradlion was begot and 
^' brought upon him by his two Houfes of Parliament; 
^< though, in truth, no unwarrantable Adion againft the 
^^ Law could be juitified even by That Authority ^ but that 
^ they well knew how the Members of both Houles had 
^* been driven thence, infomuch that, of above five hundred 
^' Members of the Houfe of Commons, there were not then 
'^ there above fourfcore ^ and, of above one hundred of the 
*< Houfe of Peers, not above fifteen or focteen ; all which were 

^6 The mftory Book VI. 

^ (b awed by a multitude df Anataftifis. B^mwifisy aiid other 
^ Perfbns, deiperate^ and decayed in their fortune^ in and 
^ about the Citv of Jjmdm^ that, in truth, their conuiltations," 
^ had not the freedom and PrivUeg^ whidi belong to Farlia^ 

^< CoK ce R NiNG any Coromiflions granted bf his Maje-^ 
** fty to Papi(ts to raife Forces, he referred them to a Decla-' 
^^ lotion, lately fet forth by him upon the ocbaiiofi of that fcan<^ 
'< dal, which ne likewife then fent to them. And for his own 
^^ true, and zealous affe&ion to the Protetfauit Religion, he 
^^ would give no other loftance than his own conftant Fra-^ 
^'fiice, on which Malice it feif could lajf^no blemifh; and 
^' thofe many Proteftations he had made in the fi^ of Al- 
^ mighty God, to whom be knew he (hould be dearly account-' 
*' able it he failed in the obfervation. 

'< F o R that fcandalous imputation of his intention of brings 
<'ing in Forreign Forces, as the (ame was raifed without die 
^Meaft (hadow or colour of reafon, and fotetnnly diiavow'd 
^ by his Maiefty, in many of his Declarations; fo there could 
^ not be a clearer Argument to his Subjedis of SmtUmi that 
'^ he had no fuch thought, than that he had hitherto forbom 
^ to require the Affiftanceof that his Native Kingdom; from 
^whofe Obedience, Duty, and Afiedion, he fhould confi* 
^dently expedt: it, if he thought his ownlbength here too 
^ weak to preferve him; and of whofe Courage, and Loy- 
^<^ty, he mould look to makeufe, before he (bouid think 
^ qt any Forreign Aid to fuccour him. And he knew iao rea^^ 
^ fbnable or underftanding Man could fuppofe that they were 
^ oblig'd, or enabled, by the late A A of Parliiunent in both 
^* Kingdoms, to obey the invitation that was made to them 
^'by that pretended Declaration, when it was fo evidently 
** provided for by that Aft, that as the Kingdom of B»g^ 
^ iand (hould not War againft the Kingdom of StotUnd^ 
^ without Confent of the Parliament of England^ fo the King* 
^ dom of Scotland (hould not make War againft the King-" 
^^dom of England^ without the Confent of the Parliament of 

* H £ told them, *' if the grave Counfel and Advice, which 
■**lhcy had given, and derived to the Houfes of Parliament 
« here, by Sieir Aft of the 2i«i of April laft, had been fol- 
•* low'd m a tender care of his Royal Perfon, and of his 
•* Princely Greatnefs and Authority, there would not that 
•^fiice of Confiifion have appeared, which now, threatened 
** this Kingdom : and therefore he required them to Commu- 
^nicate what he then writ to all his Subjefts of that Kitig- 
•^'dom, and to ufe their utmoft endeavours to inform them ot 
^ tte crutb of bis Conditions ; and that they fuSer'd not the 

«* fcandah 

Of the Rehellion, &c. §7 

« ^omdals and Imputations laid on his Majeity by the Malice 
^^and Treafon of ibme Men. to make any impreilion ih the 
^' minds of his People, to the leflening or corrupting their 
'^ Afiedlions and Loyalty to him ^ but that they afliired them 
^^ ^1, that the bardnefs he then underwent , and the Arms 
^* he had been compell'd to take up, were for the defence o£ 
^* his Porfon and fiifety of his Life^ for the maintenance of thri 
<^ true Proceftanc Religion, for the prefervation of the Laws^ 
'* Liberties, and Conititution of this Kingdoin, and for the 
'^juft Privil^s of Parliament; and that he looked ho longer 
'^ for a Bleflmg from Heaven, than he endeavoured the De- 
^^ fence and Advancement of all thefe : And, He could not 
« doubt, a dutiful concurrence in his Subjects of Scotland^ id 
'^ Che care of his Honour, add juft Rights, would draw down 
'* a bleffing upon that Nation too. 

Tho u G H his Majedy well knew all the Perfbns, to whoni 
he direded this Letter, to be thofe Who were only able and 
Willing to do him all poflible diflervice, yet he was fure by 
other Inftruments, if they negledted, which, for that reafon, 
they were not like to do, to publiih it to the People there i 
Which he believ'd might fo far operate upon them, as the others 
Would not be able to procure them to invade England '^ and 
other fruit of their Allegiance he ezpeded not, than that they 
Oiould not Rebel. 

His Majdty's next care Was the procuring Money for thi what me^ns 
payment of his Army; that the narrow circuit which coil-|** ^.'J^^ 
cain'd his Quarters, might not be fo intollcrably oppreiled^^^,^^,. 
with that w&ole txirden. Tliis was a very difficult mattery 
for th6 Soldiery already grew very hi^, and would obey no 
Orders or Rules but oftheir own makmg ; and Prince Ruferi 
confider'd only the fubfiftence, and advance of the Horfe, ai 
His Province, and indeed as liF it had been a Province anart 
from the Army ; and therefore would by no means enaure 
that the great contributions, which the Counties within com- 
mand wulingly fubmitted to, Ihould be aflignM to afiy other 
uie than the uipport of the Horfe, and to be immediately 
colledled, and receiv'd by the Oflkers. So that the feveral 
Carrifons, and all the Body of Foot, were to be conftandv 
paid, and his Majefty's weekly Expence for his Hou& 
bom out of fiich Momes as could be borrow'd. For , of 
all his own Revenue, he had not yet the receiving a Penny 
within his power; neither did he think fit to compel any 
one, even iiich who were known to have contributed fredy 
to the Parliament, to fupply him : Only by Letter^, atid au 
other gentle ways, he invited thofe who were able, to con* 
fider how much their own Secturity and Profp€rit]jr was colt* 
cern*d, and depended upon the prefervation of his Ri^ts ; 

Vol. IL Part i. G atM 

d8 TbeHiflory Book VI. 

itsd dSst^ to TeU any of his Undd^ or to give any Peribnal 
ftcuhty for whacToever Mbney would be lent to him at In- 
tereft : for he had dircded a Grant to be prepared of feveral 
tnxk^ and Forells, and otbet Qown Lands, to many Per- 
ibns of Honoar and great Fomme about him, whofe £ftatet 
^d Reputation were well known ^ who were ready to be 
Perfonally bound for wbatfoever Sutnt could be borrowed 

Tde Afiedion of the Univerfity of Oscfifrd was moft 
<f(ninenc : For, as thfi^ had before, when (he Troubles firft 
hioVt out. Ibnt the King above ten thoafioul ^nds out ot 
the feveral Stocks of die Colleges, and the Furies of parcicu* 
hx Perfons, many whereof lent him all diey had \ fo they now 
Igain made him a new Prefent. By thefe means, and die 
Loan of particular Perfons, e(|>eciali7 tom Lambm (for from 
thence, notwichilanding all the flridt watch to the contrary, 
Cx>n£deriable Sums were drawn ) The King, even above his 
litipes, was abte to pay his Foot, albeit it amounted to above 
ditee thouTand pounds weekly, in fuch manner, that, during 
the whole Winter, there was not die leaft diforder for wane 
of pay. And then he usM all poOible care to encourage an4 
Muntenance new Levies of Hor fe a&d Foot, for the recruitii^ 
his Army agamft the next Spring. 

Th £ Parliament's Army being now about Zj^kdrnty the Of- 
ficers of it who were Members of Parliament, attended that 
Cduncil diligendy, upon whidi that Army alone depended : 
and, though they ftill feem'd very defirous of Peace, they 
Verv folemnl^ and l^verely proTecuted all thofe who really 
tadeavour'd it. Their partiality and injuftice was fo noto* 
nous, that there was no rule or meafure of Right in any mat- 
ter depending before them, but confideratiofi only of the Af- 
fefbons and Opinions of the Perfons contending : neither 
could any thing be more properly faid dl them^ than what 
Tacitus once fpoke of the 7^9 ^4^ Jpfhs fdes ohfthatay ml* 
firkbrdis in fromftity adverfii^mtei alios t$/lite odium. Vo- 
lumes would not Contain the isAances. But they found the 
old Arguments of Popery, the Militia; and Delinquents, for 
the jumfieation of the War, jgrew every day of lefi reve- 
rence with the People; and that as the Kong's own Religion 
was above any Sc^al they could lay upon it, fo the Regal 
PoWer feemM fo aflerted b^ Law, and the King upon all oc- 
eaGons , dted particular Stamtes for die Vindication of his 
Rteht, that Whuft they cohfefs'd the Soveraign Power to be 
veSed in him, all Legal Minifters hod diat dependence on 
him, that Their Authority would by degrees gn»w into Con* 
^« Ki^i And df this difidvantage the feafon of the year put diem 
"^ffi^r ia mind \ for the King now, accixdlng to coitff^ pHck'd 

Of the RehelTton, Sec. 89 

Sheriffs, and made (bch choice in all Counties, dut chey fbre^ 

fiw the People were not like to be fo implicitel^ at their 

dilpofal. Therefore, as the? had before craftily mfinuated 

the fameinfomeparticalars, tney now barefaced avow, **Thac 

^* the Sbveraign roweir was wholely and entirely in Them j 

^^ and that the King himfelf, fevered from Them, had no Re* 

^[gal Power in him. Their Qergy had hitherto been their 

CHampions, and wrefted the Scripture to their fenfe; Their 

LsL'wytn were now to vindicate their Tide, and they were 

not more modeft in applying Their ProfefBon to their Service. 

As all places of Scripture^ or in the Fathers, which were 

fpoken of the Church of Chrift, are by the rapifts apply 'd 

to the Church of Rami ^ fo, whacfoever is written in any of 

the Books of the Law, or menuon'd in the Records, of the 

Audiority and EScSts of the Soveraign Power, ana of the 

Dignity and Jurifdiftion of Parliament, was by thefe Meo^ 

alledged and urged for the Power of the two Houfes, and 

"feimetimes for the fmgle Authority of the Houfc of Commoos. 

Being fupplied with the Learning of thefe Gentlemen, they 

declard, *' That the Sherifl&, then conftituted by the King^ 

^ were not Legal Sheriffi, nor ought to execute, or be fub- 

** mitted to in that Office ^ and order'd, " Whomfoevcr the 

^ King made Sheriff in any County, to be fent for as Delin- 

" quent ^ and becaufe it feem'd unrealbnable, that the Coun* 

ties (hould be without that Legal IVlinifter, to whom the 

Law had intrufted it's Cuftody, it was propofed, " That they 

^ might make a new Great Seal, and by that Authority make 

*^ SberiiSS, and fuch other OfEcers as they fhould find necef 

^ firy ; but for the prefent that Modon was laid afide. 

The King had appointed fome of thofe Prifoners who 
were taken in the Battle at Kehttan Field, and others appre- 
hended in the Ad of Rebellon, to be Indited of High 
Treafon, upon the Samte of the %yh year of King EdwsrJ 
the third, before the Lord Chief Judlice, and other Learned 
Judges of the Law, by Virme of his Majefty's Commiilion of 
Oyer and Terminer : The Padiament declared ^ All iiich lo- 
^ didlments and all Proceedings thereupon, to be unjuil and 
^^ illegal; and inhibited the Judges to proceed &ther there- 
in; declanng (which was a ftronger Argument) ^That if 
^ any Man were executed, or fufier'd hurt, for any thing he 
^ had done by Their Order, the like punuliment (hould be 
^ inflicted, by deadi or otherwife, imon fuch Prifoners as 
^ were, or Ihould be, taken by Their Forces : And, in none 
of their cafes, ever asked the Judges what the Law was. By 
the determination of the Statute, and the King's refufal, whicn 
hath been mention'd before, to pais any new Law to that 
purpofe, there was no farther duty cf Tonnage and Poundage 

G % due 

po The Hiftor^ Book VI. 

due upon Merchandize^ and^the Statute made this very Parlia- 
menc iavolv'd ail Men in the jeuilt and penalty of a Praemu- 
nire, who offer'd to receive it. The Kingj)ubiiih'd a Proclama- 
tion upon that Statute, and required all Men to forbear paying 
^ That duty, and forbid all to receive it. They again declared, 
'* That no Perfon,- who received dibfc duties by Virtue of 
^ Their Orders, was within the danger of a Praemunire^ or any 
^ other penalty whatfoever'; becaufe the intent, and meaning 
^ of that Penal claufe, was only to refirain the QroWn from 
<< impofing any duty or Payment upon the Subjedb, without 
<^ their confent in Parliament j and was not intended to ex- 
*Vtend to any cafe whereunto the Lords and Commons give 
•* their aflent in Parliament. 

And that this Soveraignty might be farther taken notice 

of than within the Limits oi this Kingdom, they fent, with 

ail formality. Letters of Credence, and inflruc^ons, and their 

A^nts, into Forreign States and Kingdoms. 

ThtfiibfidHet' By their Agent to the united Provinces, where the Queen 

•fthc Dr- ^^ ^gQ refiding, they had the Courage, in plain terms, to 

1h!uMs *ccufe the Prince of Orange « For fupplying the King with 

and Com- ^ Arms and Ammunition; for LicenGng divers Commanders, 

m^nttothe ,<< Officers, and Soldiers, to refort into this Kingclom to his 

States Gen^u gj^, -pijey remembered them " of the great help that they 

wired Pro- ^' ^^^ rcccivM from this Kingdom, when heretofore they lay 

viw/. ' Sunder the heavy oppreflbn of their Princes; and how con- 

^ ducible the friendinip of this Nation had been to their pre- 

^fent greatnefe and Power; and therefore they could not 

^* think, that they would be forward to help to make Them 

^' Slaves, who bad been fo ufeful, and AfTifhnt in making 

*'Them Free-men; or that they would forget, that their 

^< troubles and dangers ifliied from the fame Fountain with 

"their own; and that thofe who were fet a work to under- 

" mine Religion^ and Liberty in the Kingdom, were the fame 

** who by open force did feek to beres^ve Them of both. They 

told them, *^ It could not be unknown to~that wife State, that 

*^ it was the Jefuitical Fadion in this Kingdom, that had cor- 

** rupted the Counfels of the King, the Confciences of a great 

^ part of the Clergy ; which fought to deftrov the Parliament, 

^* and had raifed the Rebellion in Ireland. Tney deGr'd them 

therefore, ^* Not to fufier any more Ordnance, Armour, or 

'^ any other Warlike ProviGon, to be brought over to ftrengthcn 

"thpfe, who as foon as they (hould prevail againfl the Par- 

« liament, would uTe that ftrength to the ruin of Aofe from 

«< whom they had it. 

They defir'd them, « They would not fend over any of 
their Country-men to farther Their deftrudlion, who were 
^ koi to chem for their prdervation ; that they would not an- 


Of the ReheUion^ &c. 91 

^ ticipate the fpilliag of Eu0b Blood, in an unnatural Civil 
** War, which had boen fo chearfiilly and plentifully hazarded^ 
^^ and {pent, in that juit and honourable war by which they 
*^ had bKsen (b long preferv'd,- and to which the Blood of thole 
^< Perfbns, atad many other Subjedls of this Kingdom was ftiU 
*^ in a manner dedicated ; but rather that they would CaQiire^ 
^ and Difcard from their Imployment, thofe that would pre« 
^ fume to come over for that purpofe. They told them, "The 
^' queftion between his Majelty and the Parliament, was not 
^^ whether he Qiould enjoy the fame Prerq^tive, and Power, 
^^ which had belonged to their former Kings, his Majefty'g 
** Royal Predeceflors ; but whether that Prerogative, and 
^ Power, (hould be imploy'd to their defence, or to their ruin : 
^That it could not be denied by thofe, who look indifferently 
*^ on their Proceedings and Aflfairs, that it would be more ho- 
^' nour, and wealth, bkxv and greatnefs to his Majedy, in 
" concurring with this Parliament, than in the courfe in which 
^ be now is : But fo unhappy had his Nkjelty, and the Kin^- 
^dom been, in thofe who nad the greateft influence upon his 
^* Counfels, that they look'd more upon the prevailing of their 
^' own Party , than upon any thofe great advantages both to 
^^ his Cro^ and Royal Perfon^ wnich he might obtain by 
^ joyning with his People : and fo cunning were thofe Fadlors 
^^ for Popery, in proiecution of their own aims, that they 
<< could put on a counterfeit Vi&ge of Honour, Peace, and 
*^ Greatnefs, upon thofe courfes and counfels, which had no 
*^ truth, and reality, but of Weaknefi, Difhonour, and Mife- 
^^ms to his Maje^^ and the whde Kinedom. 

The Y faid, '^ Thejr had lately expreird their earned indi-' 
*' nations to that National Love and Amity with the United 
^ Provinces, which had been nourifh'd and confirmed by fo 
^' manv civil refpedls, and mutual intereds, as made it fo na« 
^^ tural to them, that they had, this Parliament, in their hum- 
^^ble Petition to his Majedy, defired, that they might bd 
** joyn'd with that State in a more near and ftrei^t League, 
" and Union : And thev could not but expedl fome returns 
*' from Them, of the like expredions : imd that they would 
^ be fo far from blowing the fire, which begun to kindle 
^' among them, that thev would rather endeavour to quench 
*' it, by drengdming ana encouraging them who had no other 
•* defign but not to be dedroy'd, and to preferve their Reli- 
^' gion, fave themfelves, and the other Reform'd Churches of 
^*' Chrtflendom ^ fi-om the Maflacres and Extirpations, with 
^' which the Principles of the Roman Religion did threaten 
"them all ^ which were begun to be afted in Ireland^ and in 
*^ the Hopes, and Endeavours, and Intentions of that Party, 
^^ had long bnce been executed upon them, )i the Mercy, 

G J 4* Pa- 

9» The Hi/lory Book VI. 

^Favour, and Bleffing of AlmiaJinr God, had not fuper- 
^ abounded, and prevented the Suodety and Maligniry of 
^ cruel, wicked, and Uood-durfty Men. 

With this fpecious di^uch, in which were many other 
particuhrs to render the Kingfa caufe ungracious, and their 
own very phuifiUe, their Agent, one Strickland, an obfciu-e 
Gendeman, was received by the Scates; and notwichftanding 
die Qieen was then there, and the Prince of OrMme viCibly 
indin^ to affift the King with all his Intercfts, and the In- 
terpofidon of the King's Refident, did not onlv hinder the 
iStates from giving the loft countenance to the King's Caufe, 
but really fo corrupted the BMgtipi in the Army, and in diat 
Court, that diere was nodsing de%i'd to advance it by the 
prince of Ormfji himfelf f who with great generolity fupplied 
the King with Arms and Amrounidon to a very conOderable 
▼alue) or by the private Adivity and dexterity of particular 
Perfons, out of their own Fortune, or by the fale or pawning 
of Jewels, but intelligence was given Iboa enough to the Par« 
Jiaroent. either to get ftc^ and feizures upon it, by Order 
of the State, or to intercept the iiipply by their Navy at Sea. 
^ that much more was in that manner, and by that means, 
taken and intercepted at Sea, thui ever arriv'd at any Port 
within his Majefty's obedience : of which at that dme be had 
only one, the Harbmir of Sem-^fiii. With the fame fuccefs, 
they fent another Afi|ent to BrMjjils^ who prevailed with Don 
¥rMmeifi9 de Mebsj men Govemour of Flanders^ to difiroun- 
tenance always, ahd fometitnes to prevent the preparations 
which were there making by the King's Miniitas. And in 
Frmue they had another Agent, one Aulpir^ a Man long be- 
fore in the conftant pay <3'the Crown; who thou^ he was 
liot receiv'd, and avow'd (to put the better vamifh upon their 
Profeflions to the King) by that Crown, did them more Ser* 
vice than either of the other ; by how much more that People 
}aA an influence upon the diftempers of die Three Kingdoms. 
TV ineiinA- A N D as the Parliament made all thde Addrefles to Forreign 
tuns •fUf States, and Princes, which no Parliament had ever done be* 
reignKingf, fore, fo it wlll be fit here to take notice how other Princes ap^ 
Tthu caufe, P^^^ concerned on the King's behalf. The ^Mord was 
hetwenthe* UifSclendy incenfcd by the Kjng^s reception of the £mba{Ia- 
Kjng and dors of F^rtugal^ and, which was tnore, entering into terms 
Pdriiament. ^f Amity and League with that Crown, and had therefore 
contributed notable affiftaoce to the Rebellion in Ire/and; aiid 
fent both Arms and Money thither. And, iiQCe the eisfiti- 
yagances of this Parliament , the £mba£bdor of Sfdim had 
piade great application to them. 

Th G FrMtij according to their Nature, were much more 

i^ve^ aqd tap^ intpnt tipqo Uowiog die fire. Jhe former 

' ^ cpmr 

Of the RehUian, &c. 9 3 

conunotions in SatiimiJ had been raifoci t>^ the fpecial encoii- 
lageipenty if not: cQntrivaace of the C^4uial RuMUu ^ vhp 
bad c^efiilly kept up, and enlarged the old Franqhires of thp 
ScQis unider that Crown j wluch (oadc a v^ Q)cciou« ibew 
of wonderful grace and t>encfit» at a diftanc^, to thu Nacioo, 
and wa$ of lime burden to the French ^ aoql in truth, c^ lit- 
tle advantage to thofe who were in AiU ppfl[^on of aU thole 
Friviiege$. YeL by thi$ means, the Frn^clt have always had 
a very great influence upon the ASedions of that Peopkf 
and op^rtunities to work great prejudice to that Qown : 
Aa nptmng was nK)re viiible than that, by the Cardinal's A£ti* 
viry, all ttofe late diftemper^ in Scotland were carried on till 
his death, and by his Rules and t^rinciples, afterwards : The 
Vnmcb Minifters always n^aking their correlpondence, witl^y 
and relation to thofe who were takQP notice to be erf* the Pc- 
9itMm Party ^ which was underftood to be in order only to this 
Qppqfition of thofe Counfcls, which fliQuld at any time he 
ol^d on the behalf of Sfam. 

Since the beginning of this Parliairient, the Frmtcb Em- 
taOador , MonOcnr U Ferta^ diOembled not to have notar 
ble ^miliariry with (hofe who govem'4 naoft in the two 
Houfes ; difcover'd to them whatfoever he knew, or could 
rca(pnably devife to the prejudice of the King's Counfels and 
Refiblqtions ; and took aQ opportunities to l^n^ and under- 
value the King's Regeil Power, by applying hin^l^f on publidt 
oqcafions of State, and in his Mafter s Name, and to improve 
his Intereft, tq the two Houfe^ pf Parliament (which had ui 
no Age before been ever known ) as in the buQnefi of Tranj^ 

Sortation of Men out oilrelandy before remember\i j in whidi 
e caufed, by the importunity of the two Houfes, his Ma- 
lefty's promiie and engagem^t to the Sfm^ EmbaWLdpr^ to 
be renaer'd of no eSe(^. And, after that, h^ fi;>rmally o^bv* 
bited, in writing, a Complaint to the two Houfes, againQ: 
S' 'n§m4^ Rawfy nis Majefty's extraordinary Embaflador to the 
Emperor, and Princes of (r^ riv^jijf, upon thfi Tr^aQf of an aq* 
commodation on the behalf of the Prince Ele^r att) Keftitii- 
tion of the Paistmate^ confidently avowing ^ That S' 7Um4f 
<< Rowe had ofier'd, on the Kit^s part» to enter into a Leagoe 
<' Oflfenfive and Defenfive with the Houfe of jiufim^ and tp 
<^ wed all their Interefts ; and, in plain terms, ask'd thein, 
^ Whether they had gtvea S^ TUmm inftruQions to Usat pw:- 
^< pofe? expr^iEn|g a greait value his Mafter had of the AlRh 
Oion of the Parliament of E^kn4'j which drow them to t 

** inem; ana cnaciney wouiqexammc tne trycn ot k; ana 
« would be carefid that noUung Ibould be done, and perfeOed 

G 4. in 

9+ 7)&<? Hiftory Book VI. 

^ ip that Treaty which mi^ refleft upon the ^op^ pf the 
^ Frimeb King, ^^hereas in truth there was not the leaft 
eround, or pretence for that fuggeftion^ Sr Ticmasjta^ 
Having never made iny fuch oflfer, or any thing like it. And 
' when, after his^ return out of GermMwjy nq expoilulated with 
l^e French Embaffiidor, for fuch an injurious, cauQefs informa- 
tion^ he an^wer'd, ^ That his Mafter had receiv'd fuch adver- 
^ tifement, and had given him order to do what he did. So 
diat it eafily appeared it was only a fidtion of State, whereby 
pey took occmon to publilh, that they would take any op« 
porcunicy to refbrt to the two Houfes, and thereby to flatter 
them in their ufurpation of smy Soverai^ Authority. 

There is not a fadder ConGderation than this Paflion, 
and Injuftice, in Chriftian Princes (and I pray God the Al^ 
pightyjufiice be not angry, on this account, with the Govern- 
nient of Kings, Princes, and States) that they are feldom fo 
fellicitous that the Laws be executed, Juftice adminiftred, and 

grder performed within th^ir own Kingdoms , as they are 
at all three may be difturbed, and confounded amongft their 
Neighbours. And thjsre is t\o fooner a iMrk of Diflention, a 
clifeompoliire in AfleAions, a jealoufy in Underftandings, di- 
fcern'd to be in a Neighbour Province, or Kingdom, to the 
hazarding the Peace thereof, but they, though in League and 
Amity, with their utmoft Art aqd Induftry, make it their 
bu&nefi to kindle that ^ark into a fljime, and to contra<3 and 
ripen all unfettled hiiinpurs, and jealous apprehenfions, into 
t peremptory difcpntent^ and all difcontent to Sedition, and 
all Sediaon to open and profiled Rebellion. And they have 
rareFy io apople (atisfadiion in their own greamefs, or fo great 
a fenfe and Value of God's bfeffing upon them, as when they 
have been Inftruments of drawing lome notorious Calamity 
upon their Nei^bours. As if tlie Religion of f^rinces were 
nothing but Policy, and that they conf&er'd nothing more, 
than to make all other Kingdoms but their oyrn miserable : 
and becaufe God hath referv'd them to be try'd only within his 
own JuriCiii£tio% and befor^ bis own Tribunal, that he means 
to try them too by other Laws^ and Rules, than he hath pub- 
|i(h'd to the World for \i% Servants to walk by. Whereas 
they ought to confider, that God hath placed them oyer his 
|Pepple as Examples^ and to give countenance to his Laws by 
their own firid: obfervation of them : and that as their Sub- 
je^s are to be defended and protefterf by their Princes, fo 
"They th^mfelves are to be aflifted and fupported by one ano- 
^er ; the Fuf^dion of Kings being an Order by it felf : and as 
j^ contempt and breach of every Law is, in the Policy of State, 
an 'Offence againft the Perfon of the King, becaufe ther^ \s a 
kind of vioUtticni oSer'd to bif Fer(bn in the tranlgreflion of 

• - that 

OftheRehelRort.^c. py 

that Rule without which he cannot govern^ fo the Rebel- 
lion of Subjefts againft their Prince ou^t to be look'd upon, 
by all other King^ as an A(&ult of their own Soveraignty, and, 
in feme degree, a de^^ againft Monarchy ic felf ; aund confe- 

auendy to be uipprefled, and extirpated, in what other Kinp* 
om foever it is, with the like concernment as if it were in 
their own Bowels. 

Besides thefe indiredt Artifices, and A&ivitv before 
fnention'd in the French Embaf&dor, very many of tne Hns^ 
mots in WroMCf (with whom this Crown heretofore, it may be, 
kept too much correfpondence) were declared Enemies to the 
King; and, in publick, and in fecret, gave all polfible Af- 
fiflance to thofe whofe bufineis was to deftroy the Church. 
And as this Animofity prov'd of un(peakable inconvenience 
and dam^e to the King, throughout all thefe Troubles, and 
of equal benefit to his Enemies ; fo the occafion, from whence 
thofe di&fiedtions grew, was very unskilfully and imprudently 
adminifter'd by the State here. Not to fpeak of the bufinefi 
of R0cbely which, though it ftuck deep in all, yet moft im« 
puted the Counfels of that time to Men that were dead^ and 
not to a fix'd defign of the Court j they had a greater Quar- 
te\y which made tnem believe, that their very Religion was 
perfecuted by the Church of EitgUmd, 

Wh e n the Reformation of Religion firft begun in Effg/atut^ 
in the time of King Edward tbe Sixth, very many, out of G#r- 
numf and France y left their Countries^ where the Reforma- 
tion was feverely perfecuted, and tranfplanted themfelves^ 
their Families, and Eltates, into Enflandy where they were 
receiv'd very hofbitably 9 and that King, with great Piety and 
Policy, by feveral AGs of State, granted them many Indemni- 
ties, and the free ufe of Churches in London for the exerdfe 
of their Religion: whereby the number of them encreafed; 
and the benefit to the Kingdom, by fuch an accefs of Trade^ 
and improvement of Manufadhires, was very confiderable. 
Which Oueen Etizaietb finding, and well knowing that odier 
notable uies of them might be made, enlarged their Privileges 
by new Conceffions j drawing, by all means, great Numbers 
over, and (iifiering them to ered Churches, and to enjoy the 
exercife of their Religion after their own manner, and accord- 
ing to thdr own Ceremonies, in all places, where^ for the con- 
veniency of their Trade, they chofe to refide. And fo they 
had Churches in Norwich^ Canterhury^ and other places of the 
Kingdom, as well as in London,, whereby the WoUth of thofe 
places marvelloufly increafed. And beudes the benefit from 
thence, the Queen made ufe of them in her great Transitions 
of State in Franco^ and the Low Countries, and by the me- 
diation and interpofition of thofe People, kept an ufefiil In- 


9$ TkeHtftory Book VI. 

tcreft in that Party, in all the Fprreiga E^ominiooi wbcw 
tbey were tolerated. The (ame Charters of Liberty were con- 
tinued and granted to them, during the peaceable Reign of 
TSxag^ames^ and in the beginning of this King's Reign« ^ 
Aoufp, it may be, the Poliack Confiderations in thofe Con^ 
ceffions , and Connivances, were neither n^ade ufe of, nor 

Sq M i& few years before thcfe TrouUei, when the power 
of Church-Men grew more tranicendent, and indeed the Fa- 
culties and Underftanding of the Lay Counfellors more dull, 
laty, and una^ve ( for without the laft, the firft could have 
4one no hurt) the Bifhops grew jealous thac the countenanc- 
iog another Difdpline of the Church here, by Order of the 
State (for thofe Forreign Consregations weregovcrn'd by a 
Presbytery according to. the Cuitom , and Conftitution of 
thgfe parts of which they had been Natives : the FreMcb^ 
IMcb^ and JFoBomrSj Iwd the free ufe of feveral Churches ac<r 
Ccnrdi^g to their own Difcii^ne ] would at leaQ; diminiih the 
Reputation and Dignity ot the Epifcopal CJovemment, and 
^ve feme countenance to the Fadhous, and Schifmatic^ Party 
m E^lmtd to hope for fuch a Toleration. 

Then there wanted not feme fiery, turbulent, and con- 
tentious Perfons of the fiime Congregitions, who upon pri- 
vate difierences and contefts, were ready to inform agamft 
their Brethren , and to difeover, what, they thought , might 
prove of moft prejudice to them ; fo tbut, t^ii pretence that 
they fer exceeded the Liberties which were granted to them, 
ana that, under the Notion of Forreigners, many Engi^i fe- 
paraced themfelves from the Church, and joyn'd themfelves 
to thofe Congregations (which poffibly was in part true) the 
Council- Board conniv'd at, or mterpofed not, whilft the Bi- 
ibops did fome Ads of Rdbaint, with which thofe Congre- 
gations grew generally difcontented, and thou^t the Liberty 
of their Confeiences to be taken fit>in them : which caufed 
in Limdm much complainiiu; of this kind, out much more 
in the Dioce(s of N^rwieb ; where D' !#>», the Bifhop there, 
paflBonatdy. and warmly pro^eded againft them : fo that 
many left the Kingdom, to the leflening the Wealthy Mann- 
iadhire there of Kierfeys. and narrow Cloaths , and, which 
was worfe. tranfporting tnat myftery into Forreign Parts. 

And that this might be fure to look like more than what 
was neccfTary to the Civil Policy of the Kingdom, whereas, 
in all former times, the Embafl^ors, and all Forreign Mini- 
fters of State, imploy'd from EugUmd into any Pamf where 
^ Reformed Religion was exercifed, frequented their 
Churches, gave all poffible Countenance to their profefSon, 
an4 held Corre^ndence with the moft aOivf, and powerful 


Of the ReheUiotty &c. ^7 

Perlbns of that relation, and particularly, the Embaffidor 
Leiger at Vans h^ diligently, and conftantly frequented tho 
Church at Cb^rem^^ and held a fair intercourfe with thofe of 
that Religion throughout the Kingdom, by which they had 
ftiU receiv'd advantage, that People bong induftrious and 
adiive to get into the fecrets of the State, and fo deriving all 
necedary Intelligence to thoie whom they defir'd to gratify ; 
The contrary to this was now with ereat induftry praOiced, 
and (bme advertifemenrs, if not inftruftions, given to the 
Embailadors there, ^ To forbear any extraordinary Commerce 
^ with the Men of that profeflion. And the Lord Scudamorei 
who was the laft Ordinary Embaflador there, before the be- 

f inning of thi$ Parliament, whether by the Inclinations of 
is own Nature, or by Advice from others, not only declined 
Sjoing to Cbarenton^ but fumilb'd his own CbappeL in his 
Houfe, with fijch Ornaments (as Candles upon die Commu- 
nion Table, and the like) as gave great ofience, and umbrage 
to thofe of the Reformation there, who had not feen the like ; 
befides that he was careful to publillL^ upon sdl occa&ons, by 
kimfeliL and thofe who had the neareft relation to him,<<That 
<< the (Jhurch of Emglatul look'd not on the HugoMots as a part 
^^of their Communion; which was likewife too much, and 
Coo induftriouQy diftourted at home. 

T H £ Y of the Church of EngLmd who committed the great- 
eft errors this way, had, undoubtedly, not the leaft thoufiitta 
of makine alterations in it towards the countenancing of Po- 
pery, as Eatb t|een uncharitably oonceiv'd : But (having too 
juft cauie given them to diflike the Paflion, and Ucence, tbac 
was taken by fome Perfons in the Rdbrm'd Churches, under 
the Notion of Confcience, and Religion, to the difturbance 
of the Peace of Kingdoms) unskilfully believ'd, that the To- 
tal declining the intereft of that Party, where it exceeded the 
necefl&ry bounds of Reformation, would make this Church of 
EMgidna loo]^(i upon with more reverence; and that thereby 
the Common Advcrfary, xhp PapiiL would abate fomewhab 
of his arrogance, and lijpercilioulhe£; and that both Parties, 
pioufly conGderin^ the Charity which Religion Diould beget, 
mig^, if not umce, yet refrain from the bittemefi, and un- 
charitablenefi of Contention in matters of Opinion, and agree 
in the praSical duties of Chriflians and SubjeOs. Hius, con- 
trading their confiderations in too narrow a compafs, thefe 
Men contented tberofelves with their Pious Intention^ with* 
out duly weighing objedlions, or the circumftances of Policy. 
And fome otour own Communion, v^o di£fer'd with them 
in opinion in this point, chough they were in the right, not 
giving, and, it may be, not kmwing the right reafons, rather 
confirmed than retbrm d them in their Incfijoatioos : Neither 


98 TheHiftory Book VI. 

of them difcerning the mie^ and iubftantial grounds of that 
Policy, upon which chat good Correfpondence had been found- 
ed, which they were now about to change : And fo the Church 
oiEn^land^ not giving the fiune Countenance to thofe of the 
Religion in Forreign Parts, which it had formerly done, no 
fooner was difcernM to be under a Qoud at home^ but tnoie 
of the Religion abroad, were glad of the occafion to publifh 
their malice againft Her, and to enter into the fame Conspiracy 
tgainft the Crown, without which they could have done little 
hurt to the Church. 

Now, to return to the Courfe of our Hiftory ^ after all 
dilcourfes and motions for Peace were, for a time, laid afide ; 
and new thoughts of Vidory, and utterly fiibduing the King's 
Party, ^^unentertain'd; they found one trouble Ming upon 
them wmch they had lead mfpefled, want of Money ^ all 
their vaft Sums coUedled, upon any former BiUs^ paffed by 
the King for the relief oiltBUmi^ and payment of the debt to 
the Scots^ and all their Money upon Stibfcriptions of Plate, 
und Loans upon thePublick Faith, which amounted to incre- 
dible proportions, were even quite wafted ; ;uid tibeir conllant 
eipence was fo great, that no Ordinary fupply would ferve 
their turn; and they eafily difcem'd, that their Money only, 
and not their Caufe, procured them Soldiers of all kincls ; and 
that they could never (upport their Power, if their Power 
was not able to fiipply them. All voluntary Loans were at 
an end, and the Puhkck Faith thought a iecurity not to be 
rely'd on, and by how much greater the difficulty was, by fo 
much the more fiital would the finking under it prove ; and 
dierefore it was with the more Vigour to be reOfted. In the 
end^ they refolv'd upcm the thorough execution of their full 
Soveraign Power, and to let the People fee what they might 
traft CO ^ in which it is neceflary to obferve die Arts, and De- 
grees of their motion. 
^Xmma^ff T H E Y firft Order'd, *« That Committees Ihould be named 
TAifni M«-«inall Counties, to take care for Provifions of Viftuals for 
"^ ^ /** ^ the Army, and alfo for the taking up of Horfes for Service 
f»t i*«/*/. if jjj jjjg Field, Dragooncrs and draught Horfes, and for bor- 
^' rowing of Money and Plate to fupply the Army : and upon 
^'Cerd&ate from thofe Committees (who had {power to fet 
what Value or Rates they pleafed upon thefe Provifions of 
any kind) <*The fame ihould be cncer'd with their Treafurer, 
^* who (nould herestfcer repay the lame. It was then alledg'd, 
*^ that this would only draw (iipplies from their Friends, and 
** the well AScdted j and ' that others, who eidier liked not 
•* thqr proceedings, or lov'd their Money better than the Lf- 
^< berty of their Country, would not Contribute. Ujpoti this 
it was Ordered, ^ That in cafe the Owners rcMed to bring in 

*« Money, 

Of the RehelUon^ &c. 99 

<^ Money, Frovifions, Plate, and Horfe, upon the publick 
^< Faith, for the uie of the Arnw ; tor the better preventing 
<< the fpoil, and imbezelling of fiich Provifions of Money, 
^< Plate, and Horliss, by the dilbrder of the Soldiers, and thac 
^ they may not come into the hands of the Enemies, that the 
<< Committees, or any two of them, ihould be authorifed, 
f < and eiubled to fend for fuch Provilions, Monev, Plate, and 
^< Horfes^ and to take the fame into their Cuflxxly, and to fee 
<< indifierent value and rate upon them ^ which value they 
<< ihould certifie to the Treafurers, for the proportions to be 
^* repaid at fuch time, and in fuch manner as fliould be order'd 
^ by both Houfes of Parliament. 

This was done only to Qiew what they meant to do over 
all Eftglimdy and as a ftock of credit to them. For at prefenc 
it womd neither fupply their wants: neither was it feaibnable 
for them, or indeed poffible to endeavour the execution of it 
in many Counties. London was the place from whence only 
their prefent help muft come. To tnem therefore they de- 
clared, ** That the King's Army had made divers Afleflhientg 
^^ upon feveral Counties, and the SubieOs were compell'd, by 
^^ the Soldiers, to pay the fame^ which Army, if it continuecf, 
^^ would foon ruin, and wafte the whole Kingdom ; and over- 
*^ throw Religion, Law, and Liberty ; That there was no 
^< probable way, under God, for the iiipprefling that Army, 
'* and other ill afieded Perfons, but by the Army raifed by 
*^ the Authority of the I^arliament; which Army could not be 
'^ maintain'd, without great Sums of Moneys and for raifing 
^' fuch Sums, there coukl be no kQ. of Parliament pafied with 
^< his Majefty's Aflent, albeit there was great Juftice that fi^ 
^' Money fliould be raifed : That • hitherto, the Army had 
'^ been, for the moft part, maintain d by the voluntary contri- 
^* butions of well afieded People, who had freely contributed 
'^ according to their Abilities : That there were divers otbetf 
^* within the Cities of London^ and Woftminfier^ and the Su- 
*'burbs, that had not contributed at all towards the main- 
** tenance of that Army, or if they had, yet not anfwerable to 
** their Eltatesj whp notwithftanding receiv'd benefit, and 
^* Protedion by the fame Army, as well as any others ; And 
** therefore it was moft juft, that they Ihould, as well as 
^^ others, be charged to contribute to the maintenance thereof. 

Upon thefe grounds, and reafons, it was ordain'd ^<By 
^^ the Authority of Parliament, that Ifaac Vonnington^ the then 
^' Lord Mayor of London^ and fome other Aldermen, and 
** Citizens, or any four of them, Ihould have Power and Au- 
'* thority to Nominate, and Appoint, in every Ward, within 
" the City of London^ fix fuch rerfons as they ihould think 
" fit, who fliould have power to enquire of all who had not 



too The Hiftory Book VI. 

^ contributed upon the Propofitioos concerning the railing of 
^ Money, Plate, ^r. and of fiich able Men, who had contri- 
^buted, yet not according to their Mates, and Abilities^ 
•'and thofe Perfons fo fubttitured, or any four of chem, within 
^ their feveral Wards and Limits, (hould have power to AfTe^ 
^ All Perfons of Abilict who had not contf ibuted, and alfo 
^ diofe who had contributed, yet not according to their Abi- 
•«lity, to pay fuch SuttW of Money, according to their Mates, 
^ as the A&flbrs, Or any four of ±em ihduid think reafon- 
^able, fo as the fame exceeded not the twentieth part of their 
** Eftates : and to nominate fit Perfons for the receipt thereof. 
^ And ir any Perfon fo Aflefs'd fhould refbfe to pay the Mo- 
^ney fo A^'d upon him, it (hould be lawful for the Af- 
^fcfifors, and Cbllettors, to levy diat Sum by way of diltrefS, 
<^and ule of the goods of Perfons fo refiifing. And if any 
^ Perfon diftrain'd fhould make refiftance,' it (hould be Lawful 
^ for the Afleflbrs. and Colledors. to call to their Afliftance 
^ aziT of Che Train d-bands of L^nJUn^ or any other of his Ma- 
^ jefqf's Subje£te: who were reauir'd to be aiding and aflift- 
* ii^ to diem. The Burgeflfes oiWfftminpeT^ and Southvuirky 
^ aiia a Committee appomted to that purpofe, were to do the 
^fime within diofe Liouts, as the other in Loudon. 

And that there might be no ftratagem to avoid this Tax 
(fo ftrange and unloouk'd for) byafecond Ordinance in ex- 
danadon of the former. They ordainVi, ^ That, if no fufficient 
^diftrefi could be found for the payment of what fhould be 
^ Aflefi'd, the Colledors (hould have power to enquire of any 
«* Siim of Money due to thofe Perfons fo AlTefs'd from what 
« Pbrfons foever, for Rents , Goods, or Debts, or for any 
^ dther thing, or caufe whatfoever. And the ColIeAors had 
^ DOwer to receive all fiich Debts, until the full Value of the 
*^»ims fo ABefs'd, and the Qiarges in levying or recovering 
^ Che fiime Ihould be (atisfied : and left the diurovery of thofe 
^ Debts mig^ be difficult, the lame Colledors had power to 
^ compound for any Rents, Goods, or Debts, due to fuch 
<< Perfons fo Afleis'df, with any Perfon by whom the fame was 
^due, and to give full difcharges for the Money fo com- 
^ (RMinded for, wUch (hould be good and efieOual to all pur- 
^ poles. And if the Monev Afle&'d could not be levied by 
<^ any of chefe ways, then rne Perfons A^cfs'd (hould be im- 
^ prifon'd in fiich places of the Kingdom, and for fo long time, 
^ as the Committee of the Houfe of Commons for examina- 
^< tions (hould appoint, and order ^ and the Families of all 
^ fiich Perfons foimprifon'd Ihould no longer remain within 
^ the Cities of LomJom, or Wefimmfterj the Suburbs, or the 
^ Counties adjacent. And all Afleffors, and CoUe&ors^ (hould 
*<IttYe die protedion of both Houft of Parliament, for their 

« Indemnity 

Of the Rehellion^ &c- loi 

^Indemnity in diat Service, and receive allowance for tfaeir 
^ pains, and charfies. Several additional, and explanatory Or- 
der! they made tor the better execution of this grand on<^ 
by every of wfaid) fome claufe of feverity, and monftrout 
irregularity was adcied, and for the complement of all, they 
Crder'd tb&t themfelves. the Members ot either Houfe, Qiould 
not be Aflefs'd by any but themfelves. 

Th t truth is, the King was not forry to fee this Ordi- 
nance, which he Aoueht ib prodigious, that he ihould have 
been a greater Oainer by it than they that made it ^ feeing it 
was fo palpable, and clear a demonltration of the Tyranny 
the People were to live under, that they would eaftly have 
difcem'd the change of their condition : yet he took (b much 
pains to awaken his Subjects to a due apprehenfion of it, and 
to apply the thorough conlideration ot it to them, that he 
DubfitnU a Declaration upon that Ordinance^ the which, pre- 
Ibiting many things to them, which have fince fallen out, 
may be, in this place, fit to be inferted in the King's own 
Words, which were thefe : 

^ I T would not be believ'd ( at leafl; great pains have been m lUjijifg 
^ taken that it might not) that the pretended Ordinance of^^''^ 
«the Militia (the firft attempt that ever was, to make aJ"V^ 
^^Law by Ordinance, without Our confent) or the keeping rj^/^mi^ 
^ Us out of Htdly and taking Our Arms and Ammumtion Ordmsact. 
^from Us, could any way concern the Intereft, PropeVtv, or 
^ Liberty of the Subjcd : And it was confeis'd, by that aApc* 
^ rate Dedaration it felf of the atfch of Afoy, that if they were 
^' found guilty of that charge of deftroying the Title and In- 
^ terdt of Our SubjeOs to their Lan(£, smd Goods, it were 
^ indeed a very great crime. But it was a iirang^ fatal Le« 
^ thargy which had feifed Our |ood People, and kept tfaen^ 
^ from difceming that the Nobility, Gentry, and Cknnmon- 
'^ alty of EngUnJy were not only fhipp'd of their Pteemi- 
<^ nences, and Privileges, but of their Liberties, and Eftatts, 
^ when Our juft Rights were denied Us 5 and that no Sub- 
^< jefi: could from thencefonh expe£t to dwell at home, when 
** We were driven from our Houfes, and Our Towns. Ic 
<<was not poCEble, that a Cothmiffion could be granted to 
<^ the Earl of Effix^ to raife an Army againft Us, and, for 
^ the fafety of Our Perfon, and prefervation of the Peace of 
^ the Kingdom, to purfue, kill, and (lay Us , and all who 
** wilh well to Us, but that, in a (hort time, inferior Cran- 
^ manders, by the fame Authority, would require Our nod 
^SubjeA^ for the maintenance of the propertyof the Sub- 
^ jeft, to fupply them with fuch Sums cA Money as they 
^ think fit, upon the penalty of being plundered with all ex- 

^' trcmity 

JO* TheHiftory BookVI. 

^<tremicy of War (as the Title of S' Edmard Bamttm'sWir- 
'^rant runs againft Our poor Subjects in tfUt-Jhire) and by. 
^fiich Rules of unlimited Arbitrary Power as are incobfiftenc 
^ with the leaft pretence or ihadow of that property^ it Would 
** fcem to defend. 

^^1f there could be yet any Underftanding fo unskilfiil 
''and fupine to believe, that thefe Difturbers of thepublick 
^< Peace do intend any thing but a general Confii&on, they 
^have brou^t them a iad argument to their own doors to 
^' convince them. After this Orduiance and Declaration, it 
*^is not in anv fober Man^s power to believe himfelf to be 
*< worth any thing, or that there is fuch a thing as Law, Li- 
'^ berty, or Property, left in England^ under the juriidioion 
^ of thefe Men. And the fame power that robs them now of 
^ the twenpech part of their Eftates, hath, by that, but made 
^a claim, and entituled it felf to the other nineteen, when it 
^^ihall be thought fit to halten the general Ruin. Sure, if the 
'< minds of all Men be not ftubbomly prepar'd for Servimde, 
'^ they will look on this Ordinance, as the greateft Prodigy 
•* of Arbitrary Power and Tyranny, that any ^e hath brou^t 
^ forth in any Kingdom. Other Grievances (and the great- 
^ eft) have been conceived intolerable, rather by the iJogick 
**and Confcquence, than by the pr^re it felf: Thi^ at 
^once fweeps away all that the Wifdom, and Juftice of Par«^ 
**liaraents have provided for them. Is their Property in their 
" Eftates ( fo carefully look'd to by their Anccotors, and fo 
'^ amply eftabliOi'd by Us, againft any poflibility of Invafion 
f^from the Crown) which makes the meaneft Subjedl as 
5' much a Lord of his own as the greateft Peer, to be valued, 
f*or confider'd? Here is a twentieth part of every Man's 
'^EftatjC, or fo much as four Men will pleafe to call tne twen- 
'^'tieth part, taken away at once, and yet a power left to 
^ take a twentieth ftill of that which remains : and this to be 
"levied by fuch circumftances of Severity, as no Adl of Par- 
<>< liament ever confented to. 

•* I s their Liberty, which diftinguiQies Subiedls from Slaves, 
<^and in which this Freeborn Nation hath the advantage 
** of all Chrijiendom^ dear to them ? They (hall not only be 
Vimprifon'd in fuch places of this Kingdom (a latitude of 
^< Juqgment no Court can challenge to it felf in any Cafes ) 
*^ but for fo long time, as the Committee of the Houfe ot 
'^ Commons for examination ihall appoint and order : The 
5* Houfe of Commons it felf having never afiTum'd, or in the 
•'leaft degree pretended to, a power of Judicature ^ having 
** no more Authority to adminilter an Oath, the only way to 
*' difcover and find out the truth of Fadls, than to cut off the 
\< Heads of any of Our Subjc^ : And this Committee beii^ 


Of the Rehellion^ &C- lo J 

^^Ib &r firombeing apart of the Parliament, that it is de- 
^ Ibiidtive to the Whole, by ufurping to it feif all Ad power , 
<< of King) Lordly a^d 'Commons. All who know any thing * 
<< of Parwiments, know that a Committee of either Mouie! 
^^odght not, b^ the Law, to publifh their own refuitii| 
^' neither are their anidufions of any Force, without the coo-* 
<<firmatiDn of the Houfe , Which hath the lame power c^ 
^coiitrolliilg them, as if the matter had never been debated. 
^ But that any Committed fhould be fo contraAed (as diis 
<< of EziUMination, aftyle no Cotnmittee ever bore before this 
<< Farliameht) as to exclude the Members of the Hoi^e, who 
^ are equally tnifted by their Country, from being prefent 
<< at their Counfels, is fo monftrpus to the Privileges of Par- 
^liainent, that it is no morie in the power of aiiy Mm td 
^ give up that Freedom4 than of himfeli to order , that, from 
^that time, the place for whidi he&rvfs ihall never more 
<^ fend a Knight Or Burgefi td the Parliament } and in truth is 
^^no le(s than to alter the whole frame of Gdvernment^ to 
^ pull up Parliaments by the Roots ; arid to cdmibit the 
<< Lives, Liberties, and Mates, of all the People oiEngUmd 
^ to the Arbitrary power of a few unqualified Perfons, who 
** (hall difpofe thereof according to their difcretion, without 
<< account to any Rule or Authority whatfoever. 

<' A R E their Friends , thdr wives , arid Childreri , die 
^greatdft bleffings of Peace, tndComfi^rts of Life, precious 
^ to them ? Would their peftury, and imprifbnment be lefi 
<^ grievous by thofe Cordials ? They IhaU be divorced frotri 
^^them, baniihed, and fhall no longer remain widiin the Q- 
^*ties,dE LanJony^dH^Jlfi^Serj the Sclb^ Cotmh 

^^ ties adjacent, and how far tnofe adjacent Counties Ihali ek^ 
<< tend no Mhn knows. Is there now any thing left to etnoy 
^^but the Liberty to Rebd, and'deftroy one another? Are 
^^ the outward bleffings only of Peace, Property, and Ubcrtf^ 
^^ taken and forced from our Subjeds ? Are their Confcierices 
^< free and unafTaulted by the Violence of tbefe l^irebrands? 
^^ Sure the Liberty and Freedori) of Confcience cannot fufier 
<' by thefe Men. Alas ! all thefe punifhments are impcriGbd 
*^ upon them, becaufe they will not fubmit to anions con- 
^' trary to their natural Loyalty, to their Oaths of Allegiance, 
<^and Supremacy , and to dieir late voluntary ProteftatiboL 
<^ which obliges them to the care of Our Perfbn, and Our jult 
« Rights. 

** H o w many Perfons of Honour, Quality, and Reptita- 
'^tion, of the feveral Counties of England y arenowimpri- 
<' fon'd, without anvobje&ions againft them, but fu^icion of 
" their Loyalty? How many of the gravefty and moft fub- 
^^fhmtial Citizens of JJni$Wy by whom the government and 

Vol.11- Pars I. H '^Difci- 

lo^, , TheHifito' Book VI. 

" Difdpline of chat City was prefcrv'd, we di^racqd, rob- 

*5 bed, and i^nprUbu'd, withour . aay Prou^ of Law, or Co- 
*-Jour of Acculkion, but of obedieace to rhe Law,,aDd Go- 
" vcrnment ofihe Kingdom? Whilft >*M*<p»^*,'and BJirw*- 
M j9i, with the Afliltmce of vicioiM ^ad debauch'd Perfons 
"ofdefperare^Forcunes, lakeupoQibMn to break up and hfle 
** Houlcs, as publick and avo«nd MipiJleM of a new-invented 

" Authoriiy. How many Godly^piooe, and Painful Divines, 
'^wtiofe Lives ^ndLearntng have made them of Reverend 
*' £{timacian, are now Uandcr'd .with incUnatioD to 'Popery, 
('diicounteaao^i'd, and imprifcn'^, f^r difchargiogdieit' Con- 
" &ieac«, initruaing the People in tfao Ciirittian duty of Re- 
*' iigioo and Obedience ? WhilA Schifmattc^, Ulittrate^ and 
'^Scandalous Preachers , fill the Pulpits and Churches with 
",Blarphcmy, Irr^yerence,aDd TreaTon j and incice their Au> 
'^ditory to Aoching but Murder and Kebellioc. 

" *'We pals over the Vu)gar Ch^rm, by which they have 
'' i;apcivated fuch who have been cootented to dirpcme with 
*' their Consciences for the Preiervation of their ^ftatcG, and 
f by which they perfwade Men chearftilly to part .with thi« 
'^twentieth ,paTt of t^ieir Eflaf^s to the good work' in hapd. 
*^For whor6evcr will give what be hath, may elcapeRpb^ 
" bing. They Hiali be repaid upon the Publick Faith, as all 
•; other MonicE lent upon the Propofitions of both Houfes. 
*' It may be fo. But Men muil be condemn'd to a ftrange 
" unthnfcihels, who will lend upon (tich Sticuricy. ThePub- 
"]ick Faithindeed iiat greataneamellas theState caagive, - 
**aad engagcs.theHonour, Reputation, and Honeliy c^the 
" Nation, and is the Ail of the Kingdom. 'Tis the security 
'.'cfthe King, the Lords, opd Commons, which can never 
'-'need ai) Executor, can never die, never be bankrupt ; and 
*.' therefore We willingly confcnted to it for the Indemnity 
" of Our good Subjedts of Scetiin4.[ who^ We hope, will not 
"think the worfe of it for being fo oltcn, and fo cheaply 
*' mention'd lincc. ) But that a Vote of One, orBothPJoufes, 
f'thould be an iingagcraeqt upou the Publick Faith, is as 
'* impollihle as that the Committee of the Houfc of Com- 
'.'niQns for Examination ll)ould be the High Court of Par- 
'- liament. 

"And wbatip, or can be faid, with theleaft (liadow of 
"Reafoo, tojuiti^the^Mxtravagancies? We have not heard 
"lately ofthcfiandaraental Laws, whichuftd to Warrant the 
V Innovfitjons : tbefc need a re^ige even below thofe foun- 
*' datioas. Xhey.will fgy, they cannot manage their great 
" UndcrtakjngS!Wt(hour fuch extraordinary ways. - We think 
" (o too. Bi^t chat proves only, they have undertakoi fome- 
" what they .ought not lo undertal^, not that it is lawful tor 

AcaiyiKh^'J^fiap%l3Mi^.c^^ for tbolc ends. We 

y. wJB r i Cipb ftl^A.ihcitL toog *go^ and W« cannot do it coo often, 
!tiof7£hatclcceUfyii>'Speeobof Mr Pfm-$.: The Law istbac 
f(iWhi^:!pu8i'gi0ffirmce.faetwixt:VjcK)^ Evil, Juft and 
9.Unp&iiUYti9rtAitluinj:ibe Law,' all things Will beina 
HiCmUBonf .eHer^lMan JiriU become a Law iinto himfelfft 
tt.v^eh^' in thQdepsav'd'CoddiaQQ'of human Nacurej mufl 
¥ Jie«dr prpducefilitliqc .goeac £^ Luii will becoma 

*^.ttE«!#^. and - EuTf wSl become a 'Law, Cpvetoufnefa and 
sfj'Amiridont wiiU! beoame'Lawa'^ and: what diiUcea^ what de^ 
ffiCifioir ibch. 'Lawa.HiU produce, may eiAly be diicern'd* It &dJb9muice8<)Yei the whole Kingdom. 
yi^Jofj± wiU PofleiSty .believe, thir,.in theiame Parliameotj 
HtUa'lDo^ne was:aYow*d with that -Acclamation, and thefe 
fjUbftanees. after: 'produced? That,, in the faipe ParliameoCji 
^ifiicfa Qre .waa taken that no Man ibould be committed :in 
i^jwbsiitib. ibevtfr^, ^witfeiout the caufe of his imprifonment 
^aopre&ld f.and tbaii sIL'Men ihould be immediately Bail'd 
%in all cafes Bailable^ and, during the fame Parliament, that 
^iSfUdcrmaa PAwiavfaii, • or indeed any body elfe, but the 
^•hibxn MiniftcnLi)f Juftice, fhbiild imprifon whom they 
^.^.-wbiik^ and ^ .what they wDuld^.>lind lor:^ long tirpe aa 
f'tbey?-.wniikl? That* the king ihbiiki : be ^leproached with 
!^ breackof IVivilegc^ fot acctiQng Sfi.Jpim ffyttmn of- U^k 
?Treaibn^ :when with force of Am&s he^ kept him out of 
^ HM^'Z3ad dfi(^fed.him t6 his fiurej bepattfe in no .(4ft A 
<^ Member of either ijouitrmight be CQoiitiitted, or ^^w^fisA 
ff iwitboiit leave of that Houfe of which kcia^ Member ;, and 
^yet^diat during /the:;&me Pvltam^K, the JSuoc. Ald^flliaa 
^-'ihaUoommit.'thcrfiarl'of lAddltfix^^ a Peer.of the R^fdn^ 
^ and the Lord ^Buckhkrft^: a Member, cf the J^Joufe of £p«H 
'^ monsy tt> the GcxmteFy withcnit reprehenfion? a 
<^ Traytor . (whidi it defin'd^ and turn. Man tiodeill^uujl^ ) 
*f ihaoid be no ibrime^and to be caU'd Maligpaint, which >nd 
<< body knows the: meaning o^.flxxild be ground enoii^:|br 
^ cloteimprilbQineot? That a LaW (bouldl^ made, that who^ 
<^ (beverihould prtfume tatake. Tonnage and Poundage with- 
''out iM.A& o^>'FarliaDQent, ihould mcur the neniucy^x»f a 
<< Pncinuniic, andimijae fame Parliament, that the fame im- 
<^ pofition ihould be laid dpon Our SubfeOs, and taken W 
<< Order of bddi Hdlifes, without, and againft Our confent? 
M Laftly, thkt, in tke.&me Parliament, a &w ihould be made 
t'xa declare the Proceedings, and Judgment upon. Ship^ 
^hiony to be;illeeal^ and void; and during that Parlo^ 
*< inent, that aniOrdeii d£both Houfes ihall, upon pretence of 
f^ neceffity, enable/ four Men to take away the twentieth pa^ 
<< of thdr filiates ftoin>aill their Neidibours. according to their 
•*diBa«tion. H* «BuT 

te5 Them/hry Book VI. 

^But Our good Sobjc^bwUloaloB^ tbefii 

^ and the like refulcs^ 88 upon the CSounfeb and ConduBonf 
^<oif bodi our HouTes of Pafliamcioc (dKia^ ail die worid 
"^knbws, even That Authority can never joftifie things on^ 
<< warrantable by the Law) They well know how few of AnS 
<< PerTons tnifted by them^are tnified ac Their confidtadoo^ 
^' of above five hundred ofdie Coairoooi^ not fourlSx>re ; and 
^ 4>f the Houlb of Peer& not a fifth part : That ttey who are 
^< prefent enjoy not the Privilege and Freedom of Farlianient^ 
<<Dut arebefieged by an Army, and awed bv the fiuneTu* 
y^mults which drove U^ and dieir idlow Memben fiom 
^< thence, to confent to what ibme few feditious^ fidiifinatical 
^Perfons amon^ them do propofe. Thefe are die Men, 
<^ who joyning with the AmaUftifts^ and BremnMs d Z4m^ 
*^dony firft changed the Government and DiidpDne of chat 
<< City 3 and now, by the pride and power <£ that Oty^ would 
''undo the Kingdom : wiiilft their Lozd Mayor, a Fenbnac^ 
^cujfbd and known to be g^ilty of Hig^ Treafen, by t new 
x'Legiflative Power of his own. fii{qpreOka and reviles . die 
^•Book of Common Prayer, loba and imprUbof whool to 
^< thinks fit; and, widi the Rabble of his Faoion, givctLawi 
^^ to both Houfes of Parliament, and tells ^t^aa^TheywUlkmfi 
^ «# ^^«wi»«iAi#ii» : whUft the Mem^ 
<<fa|y dieir Countries, ait expelPd the Hpufe, or committed, 
^ for refii&ig . to take the Oath of AQbdadon ta live and die 
^.wididie Earlof ^^x^ aa very ktelv Sr Sjimj MwwtMgye. 
^ Thefe are die Men who have preiumed to tend EmlmEL- 
'Xidor^ and to enter into Treaties with Forreign States in 
^ their own behalf, having at this time an Agent oif their own 
^wi^ die States oiH^U^md^ to negotiate for them upon pri- 
^^'HXit Inftrufli^ns; Thefe are the Men who not thinking 
*< tbey =havc yet brou^ Mifchief enough untd this Kingdom, 
^^ ac this tine invite, and follicite our Subjeds of Stttlaudy 
^ td-^ter diis l^and with an Army againft Us : In a word, 
<f thefe are the Men who have made this laft devounng Or- 
*< dinance to take away all Law, Liberty, and Property from 
^^(kir People, and have by it really aded that upon our Peo- 
^ pie, which with infinite Malice, and no Colour, or Ground, 
<< Was laboured to be infiifed into them, to have been Our in- 
^* temioa by the Commiffions of Arrsiy. 

^^ We have done: What Power and Authority thefe Men 
^liave, or will have. We know not : For Our felf. We chal« 
*Menge fione fuch. We look upon the Preffiires «id kicon-* 
^Vetiiencies our good Subjeds bear, even by U^< and Our 
^ Army ( which the Army fiiit ratfed by them enforced Us 
^io raife ill our defence, and their rerafil of all c£krs> and 
<c defires of Treaty enforceth Us to keeft) with very mnch 

^ '^fiuinefs 

A .■ Of the RehelRott^ Sec. toy 

^ftdneft of heart Wenrcfo &r fix)m requirin|; a twentieth 
*f pan of :dieir Eflatcsy-tboudi for their, own vifible prefervfrr 
^ tioll^ that| tf We have already fold or pawn'd our owa 
^Jcwel% afld ooinVl our own Plate, fo We arc willing to fell 
^«U ourowo Lands and Houfes for their relief: Yet We dp 
^noc doubc but Our good Subjeds will reriouUy confider Our 
^ Condition^ and their own Duties^ and think our readinefi to 
^ prateft' them with the utmoft hmrd of our Li^ deferves 
^oieir.readmefi to affift Us with fome part of Their For* 
^nmei ji and, whilft other Men give a twentieth part of Th^ 
^JEflaces to bnabie them to forfeit the other nmeteen, that 
^ thqf will cxtoid themfdves to Us in a liberaL and free pro^ 
^ pordon, for the preservation of the r^ft, and for the maince-j 

^nanceof God's tnieRdigion* ^^^^^^^^ ^^ ^^^> ^^^ M* 
Hi)erqf of the Subject andtheSaiety,andveij Being of Far* 
^^liaments^ mid dus Kingdom : For if all thefe ever were, or 
^ can be^ in manifiBft danger, 'tis now in this prefent Rebel* 
^lioni^piinft Us« 

^ La s T L T, Wje wiU and require all Our Loving Subje£t%' 
^ of what degree or quality foever, as they will Anfwer iccQ 
^God^ to Utf tod to Fofterity, by their Oaths of Alle- 
^giaae^ and Supccmaqp ; as they would not be look'd upon 
f'now^ and remonber'd hereafter, as Betrayers of thelJiws 
^tndLfiwrties they were bom toj that they in no degree; 
^ iiitaiitjco this wUd pretended Ordinance, and that they pre- 
^.fiumK'noc to give any Encouragemenr, or .Affiftance to tbs 
^ Amqr now in RebeUijim againft Us ; which if notwidilfaind-e 
^^3og Abgf QmU d(^ they mud ezpea from Us the fever^ 
^puniinimentthe Iaw can infli^anda popetual Infamy with 
f^tHgood Men. 


■ ■ • ■ I ■ ■ ■ 

■ ' * ■ ■ • 

' Whatsobvbr every Nkn could lay to another againft 
that Ordiaance. aod whatfoever the King £ud to thero all 
igaioftie.'it did bring in a. great fupply of Money, and gave 
mm t Oock of Credit to oorrow more; fo that the Army 
was agam drawn ou^ thou^ but to Winter Quarters, twenty 
Miles fitm ZlMtlMk and the£arl,of J^jc JBx'd his head Quar* 
ters at tfMfify to ftrsi^ten dse King'^ new Garrifon at ReaJ^ 
kgy and fent .ftrong Parties ftill abrqac^ which got as much 
ground a^ at that tmie of the year, coi^d reafonably be ex« 
peOed; mat U, brought thofe adjacent Counties entirely un- 
der the obedience ^f the Parliament, which would at leaft 
have kept themfdves Neuoal : And ftill perfwaded the Peo- 
ple^ ^ That their work w^ even ^t an end^and that the Kingi's 
^ Forces woMld be fwi^w'd |ip in a very ihort time : fo that 
there wmm no day, in whidi they did not publifh therofelves 
to have obtaia'd tome notidde Vidory, or taken ibme Town, 

H 3 'V^'cok 

j08 ■yyW^Hift^jt^\ \^ook VI. 

tsAtii'iiY-tmtbettcb Party Wiaifiabf^ from-diflnrfimgiae 
otter: Yet chebuUeof tfcehr fubplf ieanieonly fioo^ 
(rf Lomlm. For; choiighi their Ordkiaiice-exceiided.bvfflrriAe' 
irbole Kiqgdoni) they bad power toi-'e^deoute ironWItbor^; 
for it was ndt yet time to try the A Jeft Jo na of /dt: plades 
trithin their oWft Verge, with'tii^fevttre: takkafo of ddtc<Ai^ 

fhortty. ■ ■ :.:...'■:! .;.;^ ■;:..:• :, ^.-.....;i.,v.':i :» 

/^NO therefore divers 6f the WeahMeft tiKl mdfESiifaAqii^ 
tiol Citizens of £Mib»^ bbrerviotf UbeRycobe.'taksnfnr'alP 
B^en' to Petition tho Hoafesj and^che^ifnifaiftiide xif ^ t|^eti-' 
lioners to carry great Authority widitheai,- and iftaaoAi^U 
Mukitudes and t-ha!!' A«tlibrity< thei'btand} to ium boqp bid 
upon the Gty, <«Of bei{% an EneraycbpPface, cnqccog^e^ 
tod prepared li'Vlfryiftddeft tad te^ente PeAtioo .ODtfae 
Hdnfi^sj; in Which they ^efir^ «Sui!h Vk^pofitionsi'^odhAd^ 
^^dreSes might bel niad^ by diem t6.)rit'M4^(iy^tiS^be:aii(^ 
^with his Honour cdtii^y with; ^aod thcfebv^bappf mcii 
^enfue; whidi. beins lign'd by many thouuuid haitfa^f wfai^ 
leady to be ^refentM)' biic WOb iem vecdM by the Hodib of 
Commons, for na other teafi3ift}pl^eUy>'3B;iveq^>but^<Th^ 
^it was prepare by & Maltitude^ sQdidbjMnosrf.irerc 6mtS 
^doft the principiu Ptortioters of it^ ^ifon^^chei pe(encefy)f 
GMinquencyv ib that they wef^icbhipbn*^! to foriake itid 
ToMft^y and that i\u:fy Wore, fot<e&d>prerel|«4'di(bouHtedahced: 
-"At the Am^^tin(^ef t66 Infaabftttfttd 6tiiA]hMfiit:^:^%'MkH 
iai#,'and OrvevhQkrM^ ^hto alwayis iinderwcnr dieilmputa^ 
tioo, of being Wgll ttK^rid tl^ die Ktngv ppefparedthe likefief-* 
dtibn, and met witH ihe fime reprCRlth^rbeihg fb^fily Vihi- 
bibed to approacK^tbefflbuCes with '%);»% than fix uiieovi- 
pany. This unequal kind of proceeding added nothiiig.Co;t2ieir 
Reputation, and they eafily diTcern'd thofe humors, thusob- 
ftrufted, would brealc <Mt the mdtiTVtoleiff ly : therefotfeffiey 
again refumed all prdFeQions pf a ddire cf -Peacej afid ia{^aN 
^ iCommittbe to prepa%6 Propofitions Cd'be- feilt tOrthe-King 
to that purpofe ; and becaufe they found- thM^ would be a worH 
cf time ( for the reafoni^ whieh Will f^ andn remem^r'd^ 
and that many Aits were to be apiply*^ to the feveral afl(r« 
^ions, and to wip&^oar the imagkiacion^hat the City defir'd 
IVsaee upon any odior Terms than thJ^'4id, and the diiad^ 
Tiifltage that accreVci to them by fuclvutiiL^nationy iii^ allq 
t^ flay the appetite '^diofe who Wertf itnpoftunatis C6 havQ 
msf advance' "made towards Peace, 1)avfij^g'-j^i!ddured,'43^ the 
/£&vity of their Agents and Minifters) to bav« filthy Cbm« 
irnm Cbunferchbieti for the Ci7,'*aii would utidoubtedly 
dflfbply wid) -thdr ^dir^s and defigns^diey'underhand'direKt- 
pd thte' bwA^ l^yof tk> engage that B6dy id fuch a'Ktttioii 
Vyl^^&jeffy^as/carqtilig thefenrr jttid-repataciOA>^thtt 
'' ■ ^ ■ whole 

Ofthel^eheUion, Sec. . 109 

wbole City, xe&^t yet figni^inoching to tte prejtidice of the 
two Houfes; ami fdi'Eetitibni was framecl in thefe wordi; * 

■*■■•••■■■■ •■■ I 

> • 

' To the Klng's'moft ExccHenr Mftjeftjr J 

The hwmth Petition \ffihi Major AUermeny and Conmoiis 
oftbo City of London. 


«tH AT die Petitioners, your Majefty's moft humble ^i^fJI^'I'^'y 
^hojsUL SiibjeAs, being iriii^h pierced With the long and great f tbeKdiji 
^divifioDS between your Majefty and both your Houfes of 
** PirHament, and with the fad and bloody ^fkSts thereof, 
^ both here, and in Jrelandy are yet more deeply wounded by 
*^ ihc raifapprdienfion, which your Majeffy feemeth to enter- 
** tain of the Love and Loydty of thiff jour City,' at if theit 
" were fotne caufe of fear j or fulpicion of danger to your RoVil 
^ Perfon if your Majefty (hould retdrn hitherj arid that tnis 
^* is made the unhappy bar to that bteOed R!econciliatioti with 
"your Great and moft Faithful Council fbr preventing that 
"defbUtion, and deAru^dn,' which is hoi^ moft apparently 
•* jmttttient to vour Majeftyi and all your Kingdofes ; 

* Po R fatisfaftion therctofe of your Majefty, and dearta^ 
*^of the Petitioners. Ibnoccnq^thq^ moft humb^p' declare." is 
<* formerly they have done. That they are ho Way corifcidiis 
^ of any difloyalty, biit abhor all thoughts^^ thereof ^ and that 
^^'they arc rcfolv'd to make good their late folcfmh Protefta^ 
^ tionj and facred Vow, made to Almigjhty God'; and, with 
^ the laft drop of. th^ir deareft bloods, tp 'defend,- and main- 
*^ tain the frue Refdnri'd Proteftant Religioit ^nd,.accordiilt 
^ to die Duty of their Allegiance, your M^5ft/s Royal Pc?- 
**fon^ Honour, arid Eftate (whatfoever is ynalicioufly and 
^^ filfcr/ fii^fted to your Majefty to the contrary) as well as 
"the Pbwqr. and Privileges of Parliament, and the Lawful 
" Rights and Liberty of the Subjea : And do hereby engage 
" themfelyes, their Eftates, arid all they have, to their titmoft 
^Po^er, to defend, and prefe;ve your Majefty, ancjl both 
^ Houfes of Parliament, froih all Tumults, Affronts, and Vio- 
*Mence, with as much Loyalty, Love, arid Duty, as ever Ci- 
*^ tizens exprefsM towards your Majefty, or ady cf your' KafA 
«* Progenitors in their greareft Glory. -':;'= - '•? 

« T H E Petitioners therefore , upop ' theit bended Kneei, 
"do moft humbly befeech your Majefty, to retforn to your 
"Parliament { accompanied "with your Rdyil^ not -Martial 
"Attendance) totheeqd thatjleligion, Law^J did Liberties, 
"may be fettled, and fecuiW, ahd whacfoevef - is amift in 
« Church, aiid 'Gonihioh-wcahli, RefAiitfd -by their Ad^^, 

H 4. "according 

no TheHiftwy Book VI. 

^ ftccording to the fundamental Conftitutions of this Kingdom: 
f< Aod tl)ac fuch a Peace may thereby be obtain'd, as (mil be 
^fbr the Glory of God, the Honour, and Happinefs of yoiir 
^ Majefty,. and Pofterity, and Wel&re of all your Loyal Sub- 
^jedts; who (the Petitioners are fidly aflur'd) whatloeveris 
^mven out to the contrary, do unaqunouUy deGure the Peaee 
f« herein e^pre&'d. 

Though this Petition was in eflfed no other than Co de- 
fire the King to disband his Army, and to put himfelf into 
0ie ablblute difpoiid of the Parliament, and therefore all Wife 
jMen concluded that no great Progrefs would be made by ic 
towards Peace; yet fo (btted and iniatiiated were the People, 
' tha^ upon this very Petition, * diey were prevailed with to 
fiibmit to another Sut^cription for ]Vioney, and Plate, for the 
lieceffiuy ProviGoii of Arms, Ammunition, and Pay of their 
Army, until their disb^diog ^^ return home to their fe- 
veral Counties ; that fo (hey might not be occafipn'd, t)irpug)i 
want of Pay, to Pjui^der, Rpb^ pr Pillage by ttie way home- 
wards, after meirdifcluu-ge and dijp3^ So that M^ were 
pqiiyaded that, this was now die laft Tax they flKxild be in- 
vited to, tliough every one of thofe Ordinances and DoJarar 
tioQs loaded tne King widi ibme new Calumnies, and Re- 
proaches, that it was plain the Authors of them meant not fo 
loon to put themfelves under his Subjedion. 

This Petition was about the ten^ of Jmmmrj \6^i^ pre^ 
Jented to the King at Oxford^ t^ fojaoie Aldermen, and others 
pf the Common Council, who were for the moft part of mo- 
^rate Inclinations. The King conQder'd 6dly wnat Anfwer 
to return ; for, albeit it appeard that the Petition had beeq 
pfaftily fiamed by thofe who had no thoughts of Peace, and 
that there was no Argument in it to hope any good from that 
people; yet there were to vulgar Undcrft^^KBng, very foer 
ciou$ and popular Profellions otgreat Piety, and Zeal to nis 
Service, a^d care of his Security \ and he wa$ to be very ten^^ 
der Lgi feeming to doubt the Inclinations, ^ AfieAions of 
that City, by whofe ftrength chiefly the War was fupported^ 
luid that (trength procured hj corrupting thofe Affedtions: 
And therefore the King was not forrjr to have this opportu^^ 
nity of (aying fpmewhat, and communicating himfelf freely to 
the City, being perfwaded, that die ill they did, proceeded 
rather from mifimormatipn than any general, or habitual M^r 
lice in them. A|I hiji Proclamation^ Me(&ges, and Dedarar 
dons, had beeq with.^ m^dl^iI^Iuftry fiippre&'d there, that 
they were not in truth generally inform'd of the matter of 
Fact, and the Juftice ofthe King's Caufe ; and therefore he 
«48perfwa4e4 t|^.^)iqenlafi^ in I^i Anfwer to 

of the Rehellion^ &c. ill 

Pedtion, and expofed tfaqfe few Men who were mod nor 
txmoufly Malignant againft the Government of the Church 
and State^ and who were generally known to be f^ to the 
knowledge of the People, that it would at lead: leflen their 
Power and Ability to ao hurt j and fo he refolv'd to return an 
'Anfwer to them in thefe words : 


^ That hia Majedy doth not entertain any niifapprehen^ 
<<fionpf the Lov^and Loyalty of his Qty ol.LamJoM^ as he 
^ hath always exprefs'd a fingylar regard and efteem of the A& 
^ fedions of that Qty, and is fiill ddirous to make it his chief 
^ place of Refidence, and to continue, and renew, many Marks 
^ of his Favour to it; fo he believes, much the better and 
^greater fuurt of that his Qcv is M of Love, Duty, and Loy- 
^alty to his Majefty ; and tnat tbe-Tumults which heretofore 
^ forcedbis Majefty, for his fiiftty, to leave that pkce^ thou^ 
^ they were concriv'd and encouraged by fome principal Men>> 
^bers thereof (who are fince weU Imown, tnoufih they are 
^ above the reach ofjuftice j confifted more <tf de^erate Per- 
^ Tons (^the Suburbs, and the neighbourii^Towns. (who were 
^tniHedi too by the cunning and malice of their Seducers) 
^ than of the Inhabitants of that .City. He looks on his good 
^ Subje& there as Peripns^oaning under the faine burden 
<< whKJi doth opprefr his Mjiijefty, and aw'd by the ftme Peiw 
^fons who bqfbc thqfe Tumults, and die £une Army which 
^ ^ve Batde to his Majelty : And therefore, as no good Sub* 
'^jeft can more defire from his.Soul, a compofure of the ge» 
<^ neral DiftraAions ; . fo no good Citizen can more defire the 
^ eftabliQvpept.of the particular Peace, and Prosperity of that 
^^place,^ by )ii$ M9je(t/s ^Qq^ thither, than hi$ Majefty him* 

^ B u T his Maiefty defires his.good Subjeds of Lmuhmy fe» 
<^ rioufly to cpnfider, what conEdence his Majefty can have of 
^^fecurity there, whiift the I^ws of the Land are fo notorioufly 
^ ddpifed, and trampled under foot, and the wholefome G^ 
.<< vemment cf that City, heretofore fo fiunous over all the 
^< World, is Dpw fubmitted to the Arbitraiy Power of a few 
^ defperate Perfons, of qo reputation, but tor malice and difr 
^loyaltv to Hup: whiift Arms are t^en up, not only with* 
<< out, out againft His Confent, and expreu Command, and 
^ Co{leAions pubUckly made, and Contributions avow'd, for 
^< the majntenafice of the A^ i^y which hath given him Batde, 
^ and therpin uled all poffible means, Treafpn and Malice could 
^ fugged tp tfiem^ to have taken his Life from him, and to 
<< have deftrqy'd his Royal Iflue; whiift fucb of. his Majeftv's 
^Subjei^^^ho out or I>ity and Afledion ta.bis Maiefty, 
^ and Cdmpaflton of their bteediqg Country, ha^e labbu/d for 
"^ • «Pcac^ 

Iiitt ^ Thelii/lorr BookVL 

^ Peace, so^e reviled, injured^ abd murdePc^ even by the 
^ MagKtmed of chat City, or by their Diredlicms^ Laftiy 
^ what hopes his Majefiy can haye of fafecy there, whilft Al- 
^dermahPAM/iv^ftf;^' their pretended Lord Mayor, the prin- 
^ cipal Author of chofe CaUmities which To nearly threaten 
^^ Che ruin of that famous City, Vin^ F9ulk»^ and Mantaairing^ 

Loving Subjedsy whom they are pleafed to fofpedl for, but 
« wilhing well to his Majeflfy. 

^ A Iff ^ his Majefty wouul^kiio Wy whether thef - Petitioners 
^ belidvey that the reviling. ^»d fiibprefling f he .Book of Com- 
^ mohi'Prayer^ >eftabli(h'd* i» this GMrcH ever fince the Refor-' 
v^ination^ the difcoufitenibidiig and ijaaprifoning godly, learn- 
^ed,'Md^'|>aiiiful Preacbers^^ and the cherifhing and- eountev 
^ nancing of Bfvmfis^ AMSlHif^ifisy and ail mahnir of Sedla- 
c^riesyibetheway to defedd'tnd obointain the Cnie Reformed 
«< Proteftuk Religion? Thar t<) comply withj and affiftPer- 
c^lbns'^obifve a&nUy atcenipted to kill hit Majefty^ and to 
<<aikarw^ 'and favour Libels,^ Pafquils, and S^lti^s Sernibhs 
v^againu: ^his Majefty, be to defend his Royal Peffdn, and Ho- 
««nour, according to the dtlty of their AllegMuntc^? Whether 
<sto imprifon Mens Perfoni, abd to plunder Khetr Houfes. 
«cbecaufe they will not Robd aeiatiiift his Majeftjr, nor affift 
« thofe that do; whether • to defti^oV their property by caking 
«away Che twentieth part of* their Eftaces from them, and by 
« the fame Arbitrary Power^ to refer to four Standers-by, of 
^ their own Fadiidn, to juagief what that twentieth part is, be 
« to defend the Lawful Rights, •and Liberties of the Subjedl? 
<<And if they think thefe Adlipns to be inftanccs of either ; 
^ whether they do. not kntf^ the Perfons before -named to be 
^guilty of them ad? Or #hetlitei'\they think it poflible that 
«< Almighty God can Blefi that Ci€Jr% and preferve it from de- 
^ftru(9ion^ whilii Perfons of fuchichQwn gtiilt/and wicked- 
*<i!ie(8j are defended, aiid juftified among thero,.againft the 
^ povfQt <rf diat Law, by which they can onl* (ilbfiflr. 
• ^ H 1 s Majefty is fo far from fuflferring hlmlclf to be in- 
<«cenfed agaihft the whole City, by the Afiffidn^ of thefe ill 
** Meni though they have hitherto been fo prevalent, as to 
« make the Afeftions ofthe reft of little ufe to him ; and is 
^ fo willing to be- with thetn, ahd to protedt theni. that the 
^ Trade, Wealth, and Glory thereof^ fo decayed arid eclipfed 
•* by thefe publickdifti^aionsjrfriay again be the'Eitvyof all 
**Fprreigft Nations, that he do* once more gradoufly oflfer 
« Bitfffee dnd^geberal P^bHto a^; tbe Inhabitants of that his 
•^QtvtiF jCdMMs^ Uie SiltlxtidU ^tid City fAmfimmJhir ^exScept 
'*"^ "the 

^ -- ¥ 

:i AVfthe. MeJUfift, Sec iig 

^ tb^ Petronp fomerlytxccpted typhis Majefty) if they (hall 

<5^}ri9:;req<im:rojbM^DHCv^ Loytky, and Obedience., Ahd 

VHUs goodSvbjeaf of ihathu Cicyof Lmk^ fhaU &rfti(>> 

¥)ea)nly ^dedace, that tfaey -will. defend the known -La wf. of 

^^ ihe.i jumdyaiul will (ubmic to^ arid be governVl by, no ptber 

^rHuie'j ^jf^dM^ '(ball firft nantfeft, bv defending themfelreff, 

'Aaod maiDtaiiaiog dieir own Kigh^. .Liberties, and Interefts; 

S^ and fupprflffinjgoinjr Forqe and Violence unlawfully, raifed 

^S'iigaiB& diofe aQdms.N^ktfly, their power to. defend, . and 

Yprderi^ Mro^froiQ aU.lWnults, rAttfonts, and Violence; 

^X^fi Jif theythaU apprehend, /aodcommit to (afe cultody, 

<< the Perfons liMf <iK>ft fow Atoi : who enrich themfelves by the 

^Ipoil^.Mtf Opbreffion of his LcyringiSubjedb, and die ruin 

^ 6t thJB City^- tmcdtts-Maje^t may proceed againlLthem by^ 

<f. j^n^iCqfirfe oC^UHTj^as guiltyi <lf Hi^ Treafon ; his Majeftjf 

<< will fpeiedily return to them with his Royal, zjni ^wii&alit 

^ hi^iMattial /Attendance, acti wilLufehis utmoft endeav6iits. 

^^Cfaat they may teretfcer enjoy all thebleffing? of l^eaceaiid 

^ Plenty 4 «Qd will no Umge^ expeA Obedience from them^ 

<< thanne lhldK,,^7^9ch.aU the.^aoiiltiee'of bis Soul, Ubour in 

<■< the prefendng^ alndadvaodinj^diemie Refbrm'd Broteflmc 

^sRqtig;io%jAe>taOTof.theLaiii^rt^ and Prc^ertf 

^of.|heSiiOJ9<3^iaqdche.juft.Ptivileges.of Parlianient: ' y^ " 

i: ^^ I P> iKX^^cltfUiodihg aU iMs^ ib^^and Ihteccft of didfe 

^tMeacaorpmidl fb rary diat they invblve more Meniin- 

^.theirgttflt,iaiid draitrtthat hi6']Giqr>fb facrifice its prefcnc 

^ happino&t aodiucidne iiopes; to: their Pride^ Fury^ andjM** 

^liOc^.hifM^uii^.lballonly n^^ warning; That 

<^w^(QeMr/MU:.hoqoe&r«nrdttiQ0^p Aons^ without Hi9 

<^ cohfentjcon tribute any Money^'Plata^upon wiiacpoetscocd 

<* of Authority foever, for maintenance of the Army under the 

^^ CopmoandlcJf cfac:E4ul of Effka; qr.aiiy other Army in Re- 

^iMelUoaag^ft/him,;a( ihUl- pay Tonnage and Pbupdagv, 

Ytill die£m)e;(haU be fettled, by Aid of Parliament ^eviery 

^^foch P^rfoil;lDnft'expe(ft dale fevereft punifhment chQ:.Lair 

<$ can infiijiil ;La>Hl^ in the meanutime, his Majefty (hall .feife 

^ upon any . part !0fhi^£Aate^wtthin his power, for the Relief 

? and SupportvOf .Him and his Army^ raifed atfd maii^inec) 

ff.fbr the defimce: of his.Per(bii, the Uiws, and this bia King- 

^ dom r-And fincehe denies tohis Majefty the duty and hi* 

^ nefit of his Subje^tion^iby giving Aflilihance to Rebels^whicfa^ 

^ by the knowa Laws of the Lana, is High Trealbn ; his Mat* 

*f\fitty (hall litewife deny Him the benefit of his Protc£tioiiy 

^andiliall Aot Mly fignuytoallhis Forreign Minifters, that 

<^ fuch Perfon^Tlttlk receive no advantage by being his Subjed^ 

^< but (hall^ by all other ways and means, proceed againfthim 

fribsapubUd(£neQj(to'ihisMkjefty,ismdtliis^ ^' »=• 

I ■ ■: • <* Y E T 

114; TbeHifiory 5 Book VI. 

^YsTiiis Majefty h6pi& «id doubts not^tfisthis good 
^Aibjeas of Lmtdm will call to mind the AOs of theirTfc* 
<* deceOois, the Dutv^ Afiedion, Loyalty, and Merit towaidf 
^ their Princes, tM Renown they have t»d with all Pofterky 
^ for, and the bleffina; of Heaven which always accompaniea^ 
<<tho(e Virtaes; and will ccmfider the^perpetual (bora tsd 
<4n(amy which unavoidably will follow Inem and their ChU* 
^dren^if infinitely the meaner part in Qtialityj ' and hmch 
^ die lefler part in Numbe^ (hall be able to alter the Go* 
^ verament^ fo admirably eftaUi(h'd, d^aroy the Trade fo 
<< excellently fettled, and to wafte the Wealth fo induflriouay 
^gotten, of diat flourifhiiu Qty 3 And they will eafily gather 
^ up the Courage and Re(mitioiito jop with hk Mgefty in 
^ defence of that Religion, Law, and Libertyj which hitherto 
^hlth, and only can, make Thonfidves, Us Mhj^, and his 
^Kingdom, happy. « r • . 

^FoR coocumng nHAthe Advice of tiis two Hbu(es of 
^Btfiiamenr, Which, with reference to die Oxmnon»wealtb« 
^may be as well at this diftance, as by beitur itWUte^Haif^ 
^his Majefty doubts noc^ butfan good 8uqe£b of lAmbm 
^ well know, how far, bqrood the example of his Predecef- 
^ibnL fats Majefty hath concurred with their Advice, in pafling 
^ of iuch Laws, by ^n^di he willingly parted with many ot 
^ bis known Rights, for the benefit of his SubjeAs; which 
^ the fiiiidamenm Gonftitudons of this Kingdom did not 
^ oblige him to confent unto ; and hath uied rail poKIible 
^ means to beget a ri^t underltanding between diem : And 
'^will dierefore apply diemfelves to thofe who by making 
<^ Juft, Peaceable^ and Honourable Ptopofidons to his Majefty 
^can only beget that concurrence. 


This Anfwer the King (ent by a Servant of his own, fup- 
pofing, dim if he (ent by the NfeOengert who brought the 
reddoQ^ it mi^ either be fiipprefi'd, or not communicated 
in diae manner asHedefired. Befides, die Meflengers them«> 
felves, afiier the King had caufed it to be read to them, were 
Very well contented that it (hould be delivered by other hands 
dian theirs. So they promifed his Majefty, that they would 
proaire a Common Hall (which is the moft general Aflem- 
bly of the City, die meaneft Perfon being admitted) to be 
csli'd aflbon as they retum'd ; where his Meflenger might 
deliver it : And having been gracioufly ufed by the JKang and 
die Cour^ after two days fta]L they retum'd from Oxford 
tit^edier with die Gendeman (ent by his Majefty. When 
dijey came to L^mbmy die contents of die Amwer were 
quickly known, diouriinot delivePd ; and the two Houfes 
made tn Qrder^ «That xbc Lord Mayor (bould not call a 


Of the Rehellion^&LC. iry 

^.OxDiixm HaUy ciU he iecd?'d fitfther direOion 
So that, diou^tbe Gcndcmaii, tan by the King, often toV^ 
lidted the Lord Mtyor, <^That lie would call a Commoa 
^Hall, at whichlie was toddiver i Mdfige from the Kin^ 
many dqn f^SBsA bcbce any Otdeit were ifliied co tiw 

Ark^ a.dqr was appoiotedt apd^ atdiefiine time^a 
CoinmitteroftlieUMrds and Commons were fcnt to be pr6" 
fait. to kt^HwiOax not have fiicb a reocpcioo, as nua^ 
lender theirlntereft Sirpeaed. As (boa as the Gentleman £at 
by the King had raid his Nbjefty's AnTwer. the £arl of 
Mnwiig^ cold diem, ^Of die high value the Parliament had 
^of the Ctgr; that they had conGder'd of thole wounding 
^ Aiperfion% which, in that Anfwer, were caft upon Perfbns 
^of liich eminent AflfeAion in tlic^r City, ftod upon others^ 
^ofgreat Fidelity and Truft among them: That they own'd 
^tfaemfelves to oe equally interefted in all things that coo* 
^cem'd them, and would ftand by them with their Lives, 
^and Fortune^ for the Prefenratioa of the City in general, 
^and thofe Penbns in Particular wl)o had been Faitlmil, and 
^deferv'd well both of the Pteliamen^ and Kingdom. And 
f^ they would purfiie all means widi their Lives and Fortunes, 
^diat might be for die prefervation of that City, and for die 
^procuring of Safety, riUppinei% and Peac^ to die whole 
** Kingdom. .... 

^AssooHashisLordOiiphadfinifhM his Oration, which 
was received with marvelloos Acclamations, M' Pyss enbu^ 
ed himielF,^ in a Speech then primed, upon the feveral parts 
of die Kingfs Aniwer (for it was fo lon£ before it was deli* 
verVI, diat thepijnted Co^ fiom Oxfindj which were prin^ 
ed there afi^ the Meflenger was gone fo long that all Mm 
concluded it was deltver'd, were publick and in all handstand 
told them the faifo of the two tioufes of Parliament upon 
every part of it. Among the reft, ^Thatthe demanding the 
'^ Lord Nhyor, and the other three Qtizen^ was agsinft dw 
^Privilege of Parliament (two of them beine Members of 
^ the Hou& of Commons ) and moftdiOiooottrable to ifieCity^ 
^diat the Lord Mayor ofLsmfas fliould be fubjeOed to dis 
f ^ violence crf^ every bafe Fellow ; and diat they Qiould be com* 
^ maoded to deliver up their chief M^^ftratc^ and fiich eak 
^ nent Members of the Qty, to the King's pl^fiire, only be^ 
^ caufe they had done their duor, in adhermg to the P^ulta* 
^ menr, for the defence c^ the Kingdom. 

He told them, ^ That, to the objection that the Govern* 

' ^ment of theCity had been roanag'd by a few defoerate Pdr« 

*^ fons, and that they did exerdfe an Arbitrary rower, the 

^^ two Houies gave tnem this Teftimony , that they had, in 


lid y T^Wj/^of/-^^ S^^ 

<nnofl of tfitf great ocariionfi ebiiceming the Goiir^rtiinhit-^of 
« theCity, foUov/d Tiyel^'dir^aiDn : and that dltc^n which 
' « the niriiatncnt had gtvenj- Tdey had -^eciiteil •* ftn^ ^het 
f<inilft,'artd would roftiotain-t^ be fuc±l/'as'*6^ Wfth- Thieir . 
^hOnc^rii^jgivlAg Viihd-tht ochers-tkift^^'iribd^ fidelity Hi 
** performing; it. i 

:• T'^'thfc'^pbjedteni A'Fhat-'tKc'Propertf of A« Sdbjeaw;is 
«d<iflriMl}'»1f/>t«M ihe twcritiekh^j^ft'By aft' Atbi^ 

^traty PbW^, he tx^ld ^i^,' «'^hftt Thtt Ottl{ei|Qce did i<dt 
^»^fi9>a'itwelitieth't)«rt, Wdid iiHAitYKe-'Aacffrors that 
^tb^ ^Oiobld: tkot g& iKi/iim tf ' tWentietli ^, dnid'that w^i 
^dbfKPbyk Power defiv^difibra- bbth'HbiifeS'Of Parliament; * 
«'thtf-Lolfd«;'who httJf W hereditary Iheereft^fai'^alang qf 
^ Lawsf iii'Ws Kingdoih ^ arid the Cocntndhify wto were eled- 
^ed and cbofen to repreSde ^h^'whoie'fiddy' of the C6m*^ 
•<itt<Jnaky>-aiid tra(B48,l- for the good oFth^ ^^plei whfen 
«ever they ice caufe,'t(^feh»g6*the Kittgdom: He feid fit? 
th^L i< That the fan^e La<# wfikh did eb^ xhe two Honfes 
<<df K|rIIam«n« W MS^ ¥6fd^ tb thkihtain,-'imd defend 
^dio faie^of Rdigi^fi^ ina af'theK^dbm^did likewif^ 
^toabte them -fo-requiH^'eoiitrfbtltions w&ri^by thofe Foites 
^'fiOfj^Rt b6aMinraita^d>^'tlft itw^^ to rait^ 

*'P(j¥€?es, ' if they-had hot -a p6^*w likewife to maintain thfem 
•«'thacServicef6iwhk:h they w^.Klifed. 'He obfeiVdl 
** that it was reported , that the King declar'd he would fend 
^ (btwe Mdletigers ^o' bbfc¥\% iihdf dmria^' itf the Citv^ and 
^.wh^e> was done amObg diem : the ParHameAt had juft caufe 
* to doubt, that thofe wbuld hie 'Meflengerfr of ''feditioh, and 
^ ttouWe, and therefore defir'S'itbern* to ©bferve ahd find rheiri 
**out, that they might know who they Were. He concluded 
with/' Commending unto their confideration,' the great, dan- 
^Sfit that they wetie all in ; and that tlie danger could not be 
•tcpt'bffj in all likelyh0od,'but by the Army that was theii 
« OT.fbot' j%iW aflRir'd thetftjt^T^ the Lords and Commons 
f*Wefi* To fer from beingfeghtcd by any thingj in thit An- 
*fvrer,'-thirt*they had fot Thenlfelves, tfnd the Members of 
€^i©Ai1ffoifSM, dechti-'d 'a further contribution, towards the 
«'nbjfi!Atert$hcJe of that Artiy ; and couM hot bur hope, and 
•^deflrtfj *th«lt the City, which Had fhew'dfo much good afte- 
^Udoiiin the form^ neceHities of the State, would be fenfi- 
«*ble'of their own, and of the condition of the whole Kiiig- 
•*(foni, arid add to that which thev had already done, fomc 
« farther Contribution, wheticby tnat Army might be main- 
•« tairfd for all their (afetks. 

Wi^RTtiER the fotemnitT for the reception of this Met 

fige after irwas known what tne contents were, and the bring- 

ine-fi^ great a Guaid of arm'd Men to the plaoe where it was 

• * to 

Of the RehMon^ &c. iJiijr 

to be delivered, frighted the well afieAed Party of the City 
finom coming thither, or frighted them,., whea they were tfaere:^ 
from expretung; tfaofe Afledions, I know not. fiut it is cer- 
tain, thefe Speediei and Difcourfes were recdv'd, and enter- 
tain'd with all imaginable applaufe ^ and that meeting was 
concluded with % general Acclamation, ^ That they would 
^ live and difs with the Houfes, and other expreffions oi that 
nature. So that all thoughts of £mher Addreft,' or comply- 
ance with his Majefly from, the City, were fo entirelyand ao- 
(blutdy laid afide, tnat the Licence of Seditious and Treafon- 
able dilcourijcs ^my encrcas'd ; infomuch, that complaint be- 
ing, made to the then Lord Mayor, that a certain defperate 
Perfoq, had laid, ^< That he bop'd (hortly to wa(h his hands in 
^ the King's blood, that Minif&r of Jufticereftis'd to fend any 
Warrant, or to.giye any diredion to any Officer, for the appre- 
henfion of hiiq. This was the fuccieis of that Petition, and 

. Th b Hqu&$ now began to fpeak Therofelves, offending 
PropofitiQns to the King for Peace. For, how great foever 
the com jply ance. feem'd with tbem from the City, or the Coun- 
try, they well; enough difcern'ti that complyaiure was gene- 
rally upon ^ehppeand expe£bation that they would procure 
a fpeedy P;eace. And they had now procured That to pais 
botn Ho^ufes, which they only wanted, the Bill for the extir- 
patipn of Epif(;opacy : in the doing whereof, they ufed mar- 
vellous Art,. and Induftry. They who every day did fome- " " 
what, hpw little foever then taken notice of, to make Peace 
imppffible, and rcfolv'd, that no Peace could be fafe for Them, 
but fuch a one as would be unfafe for the King, well enough « '- 
knew that they (Iiould never be able to hold up, and carry on 
the War againft the King in EngUwd^ but by ihe help of an 'y 

Army out of Scotland-^ which they bad no hope to procure ' " * 
but upon the. Stock of the Alteration of the Government of 
xkic Churchy to which that Nation was violently inclined. 
But to cbmpafs That , was very difficult ; very much the 
Major part, even of thofe Members who ftill continued with 
them, being cordially Afieded to the Government eftablifh^dy 
at lea(^ not Afiedted to any Ocher. To thofe therefore, who 
were fo far engaged as to deGre to have it in Their power 
to compel the King to confent to fuch a Peace as they de- 
tired, they reprefented, "The confcquence of getting the f 
*^ Scots to declare for them j which^ould more terrify the 
" King, and keep the Northern parts in Subjedtion more, 
** than any Forces they (hould be able to raife : That it was 
" impollible to draw fuch a Declaration from them, without 
" firft declaring themfelves that they would alter the Go- 
f^ vernment by the Bifliops^ which that People pretended to 

« believe 

tiB The fiifiorjf Book VI. 

<< tkiicte Che only juflifiable ground to take up Amis. To ' 
others , which was indeed their publick , and avov'dy and 
current Argument in Debates^ they alledg'd, ^^Tbat they could 
<^ not e^peft diat any Peace wouid be eSeded by the Kingf s 
*^ free concurrence to any Me(&ge they could iend to him^ 
^* but that it roufl: arife, and refitlt from a Treaty between 
^ them, upcm fiicb Propofitions as either Party would make 
<f upon their own Interm : that it could not be ezpeded that 
'^ fiich Propofitions would be made on either fide, as would 
^ be pertinaciouily infifted on by them who made them ^ it* 
^ ^ bting the courfe, in all A&irs of this Nature, to ask more 
^ than was expedted to be confented to ; that it concerned 
'^Them as much, to make demands of great Moment to the 
^King, fitim which they meant to recede, as others upon 
<^ whiq^ diey muft infifl: : that all Men knew the inclination 
. ^< and afiemon the King had to the Church, and therefore if 
'^ he fawThat in danger, he would rdTcue it at any price, and 
^ very prbbaUy their departing from their Propoution con- 
^cemine the Church, migjhtbe the moft powtrnil Argument 
^^ to the King^ tograoiy them with the Militia* 
' B r thefe Artifices , uid efoecially t^ concluding obfti^ 
mtely, ^ That no Propofitions mould be lent to the King for 
^ Peace, till die Bill for extirpation of Bilhops was [ms'd 
^^ the Lords Houfe ( where it would never otherwife have 
been fubmitted to ) uiey had their defire, and, about the end 
Ctmm^ cf January y they feht the Earls of NMbamierlamd^ Fimhr^ke^ 
mn^t u saiishury j and mUamd^ with eight Members of the Com-' 
^if^f^ mons to Oxfirdy widi their Petition and Propofitions. And 
jM#«f here I cannot omit one Stratagem, which, at that time, oc^ 
Hutskna cafion'd fome Mirth. The Common people of Landm were 
*» •^^ perfwaded, " That there was fo great fcardty of Viftual and 
^■wy. u Provifions at Oxford^ and in all the King's Quarters, that 
^ they were not without danger of ttarving ; and that, if all 
^ other ways &ird, That alone would in a Qiort time bring 
« the King to them. To make good this report , Provifions 
of all kinds , even to Bread, were fent in Wagons, and on 
Horfesfrom Loudon to Os^ordy for the fupply of this Com- 
mittee : when without doubt , they found as great plenty 
of all things where they came, as they had left behind them. 
The Petition prefented to his Majefty with the Propofitions 
were in thefe words, at the prdentation, read by the Earl of 

The humble dejiresy and Propofitions rfthe Lords and Com^ 
mons in Vartiamenty tende/d to his Mayefij. 

"We your MajeCty's moft humble and faithful SubjeSs, 
^ the Lords and Commons in Parliament Aflembled, having 

*< in 


Of the Rfihettion, &c. M9 

*<iQ our thoughts die glory of God, your Majefly's honour, 
*< and thepro^ericy of your Ptople, and beine moft grievoufly 
^ 9M€t€6 with the preOi&g Miferies And Gdamities, whicn 
*< have overwhelm'd your two Kingdoms of EnttiMtd^ anid 
^< IreUwd^ fince your Majefty hath, fc^ the perfwafioo of evjl 
^^ Counfdiors , withdrawn your felf from the Parliament', 
'* raiied itti Army againft ir, and, by force thereof prote&eU 
^Delinquents from the juftice of ir, conftraining Us to take 
^ Arms for the defence of Our Religion, Laws, Liberties, 
'^* Privileges of Parliament, and for the fitting of the Parlia- 
*' ment in (afety ; which fears and dangers are continued, and 
"encreaied, by the raifing, drawing together, and arming of 
^< great Numbers of Papiits, under thecloromand <^the Earl 
^< of Nnt^Ca/fhi likewilc by making the Lord Herhrt ofRag-' 
^UmJj and other known Papifts, Commanders of great 
^Forces, whereby many grievous oppreffions, rapines, and 
^cruelties have been, and are daily exercifed upon the Per- 
'* fons and Eftates of your People, much innocent blood hath 
'* been fpilt, and the Papifts have attained means of attempting, 
^< with hopes of efieditng, their mifchievous defigns of root- 
*< ing out the Reform'd Religion, and deftroying the Profe^ 
*' fors thereof : In the tender fenfe, and compaffion of thefe 
'* Evils, under which your People, and Kingdom lie ^ccord- 
^ ing to the duty, which We owe to God, yoiir Majefty, and 
^* the Kingdom, for which we are trufted) do moft earneftly 
*' defire, tnat an end may be put to thefe ^eat diftempers and 
'* diftradlions. for the preventuig of that defolation which doth 
<< threaten all your Majefty's Dominions. And as We have 
<^ render'd, and ftill are ready to render to your Majefty that 
" Subjeftion, Obedience, and Service, whidi We owe unto 
** you, fo We moft humWy befeech your Majefty, to remove 
^* the caufes of thiis War, and to vouchfiife Us that Peace and 
" Protedion, which We, and Our Anceftors have formerly 
'< enjoyed under your Majefty, and your Royal PredecdOfors, 
<^ and graciouily to accept, and grant thefe Our moft bumble 
^< Deiires and Propofitions : 

I. ^'Th AT your Majefty will be pleafed to disband your 
^< Armies, as We likewife mall be ready to disband all thofe 
<' Forces, which We have raifed ^ and tluit you will be pleas'd 
** to return to your Parliament. 

.2. ''That you will leave Delinquents to a Legal Tryal, 
anid Judgment of Parliament. 

3. '^That the Papifts may not only be disbanded, but 
" di&rm'd according to Law. 

i. «<That your Majefty will be pleafed to give your 
oyal Aflent unto the Bill for taking away the fuperftitious 
Vol. II. Part I. I «Inno» 

no The Hiftory BookVI. 

/' Ionov«tions ^ to the Bill for the utter abolifliiu;, and 
>^ takiog away of all Arch-Bilhops, Biihops, their Cbflbellors, 
*'and Commiflaries, Deans, Sub-Deans, Cieans and Chapters, 
^^ Arch-Deacops,.Canons, and Prebendaries, and all Chaunters, 
^ Chancellors, Trcarurers,Sub-Trearurers,2Juccentors, and Sa- 
'^ chritts, and all Vicart-Choral,ChQriftei^ old Vicars, and new 
^ Vicars of anv Cathedral or Collegiate dhurch, asp ^1 other 
*^ their under-Officers, out of the Church of Engisnd : to the 
^< Bill againft fcandalous Minilters ; to the Bill againft Flu- 
^^ ralities ^ and to the Bill for confiiltation to be had with 
^^ Godly, Religious, and Learned Divines. That your Majeily 
*' will be plcafed to promife to paft (iich other good Bills for 
*^ fettling of Church (&<»^ernment, as upon Confultation with 
" the Aifembly of the ftid Divines, ihall be refolv'd on by both 
^^ Houfes of Parliament,and by them prefented to your Majeily. 

y. "That your Mtjcfty haying expreft, in your Anfwer 
^' (o the Nineteen Propofitions of both Houfes of Parliament, 
^ an hearty Afiedlion and Intention for the rooting out of 
^^ Popery out of this Kingdom^ and that, if both the Houfes 
^^ of rarliament can yet hnd a more efifedhial courfe to difable 
.VJefatts, Priefts, and Popifli Recufants, from difturbing the 
•y State, or eluding, the Laws, that you would willinglv give 
^your conient unco it^ that you would be graciouQy pleas'd, 
*^for the better .Difcovcry, and fpeedier Conviction of Re- 
" cu&nts, that ^n Qatjh may be eliabliih'd by Aft of Parlia- 
" ment, to be adminider'd in fuch manper as by both Houfes 
^ (hall be agreed <^^ wherein they ihall abjure and renounce 
"the Pope's Sppreraacy, the Doftrine of Tranfubftantiation, 
jp« Purgatory, Worfhippiing of the Confecrated Hoft, Cruci- 
" fixe^, and Iniages : and the refii{ipg the faid Oath, being 
^^ tendered in fucfa manner as fhall be appointed by Ad: of 
f^ Parliamcnr, fliall be a fufficienc Conviftion in Law of Re- 
^'cufancy. And that your Majefty will be gracioufly pleas'd 
^ to give your Royal Afient unto a Bill,, for the Education of 
?* the Children of Papifts by Proteftants in the Proceftant Re- 
^Migion. That for the more effeftual execution of the Laws 
** againft Popifh Recufants , your Majefty will be plcafed to 
^^cpnfent to a Bill, for the true Levying of the Penalties a- 
^^gakitt them j and that the fiime Penalties may be levied, 
<^ and dilboled of in fuch manner as both Houfes of Parlia- 
^ ment ihall agree on, (b as your Majefty be at no lofs^ and 
^«:.lilfcwife to a Bill,, whereby the praidlice of Papifts againft 
<^ the State may be preventeci, apd the Law againft them duly 

6, "That the Earl of Brifiol may be removed from your 
*« Mijefty's Councils j and that both He, and the Lord Her- 
^^ hrt^ eldeft Son to the Earl erf WVf^#r, may likewife be 


of the Rehellidn^ &c. ili 

** reftrakiM from coming within the Verge of the Court ^ and 
**that fney may not bear any Office, or have any Employ* 
^ ments conceming^ State or Common- wealth. % 

7. " T H 4T your Maicfty will be gracioufly pleafed, by AQt 
^ of Parliamenr, to fettle the Militia both by Sea and Land^ 
^' and forthe Forts and Pores of the Kingdom^ in fuch a man« 
^ntt as 41^1 be agreed on by both Houfes. 

8. **That your Mwfty will be pleafed, by your Letters 
^ Patents^ to make S^ John Br^mffi^n^ Chief Juftice of the 
^ Court pf King's Bench^ WtUiam Lenthall £fquire, the now 
^Speaker of the Common's Houfe^ Mailer of the Rolls ; and 
^to continue the Lord Chief Juitice Bank^^ Chief Juftic^. of 
^ the Court of Common Pleas ^ and likewife to make Mr Ser- 
^^'yusxtWiid^ Chief Baron of your Court of Exchequer^ and 
^ that Mr Juitice Bscm may be cominqed ^ and Mr Ser^ 
^jeant' RoUs^ and Mr Serieant Atkimsy ipade JuIUces of the 
" King's Bench 1 That Mr Juftice Rtgvfs^ and Mr Jufticc F^ 
^/hr, may be continued; and Mr Serjeant FheaJanPy mad# 
^ one of tne Juftices of your Court of Common Pleas ^ Tb^ 
** Mr Serjeant Cnj/i«i/, Mr Samuel Browtfy and Mr John P** 
^/efiot$y may be Barons of the Exchequer; and that all thefe^ 
^and all the Judges of the fame Couns, for the time to 
^ come, may hold their places by Letters Patents under the 
^ Great Seal, Qu/imdim fi kew gi^eriftt: And that the feverat^ 
^ Perfons not before named, that do hold any of diefe places- 
** before mention'd, rnay be removM. 

9. *^ T H A T all luch rerfons, as have been put out of the 
^ Commiflions of Peace, or Oyer and Term'mer^ or from being. 
^Cufiodes Rotutorum^ fince the firft day of April 16^1 (other 
^^ than fuch as were put out by defire of both or either of the 
<^ Houfes of Parliament ) may again be put into thofe Con^* 
^ miffions, and Offices ) and tnat fuch Perfons may be put out 
^ of diofe Commiflions, and Offices, as ihall be excepted 
^< againil by both Houfes of Parliament. 

10* ** T H AT your Majefty will be pleaied to pafs the Bill 
** now ptefented to your Majefty, to vindicate and fecure the 
<< Privileges of Parliament , from the ill confequence of the 
f< late Precedent in the Charge and proceeding agaii^ the 
'^ Lord Kimhohan^ now Earl o^Msmchefitr^ and the five Meitt- 
*' bers of the Houfe of Commons. 

II. ^Th AT your Royal AfTent may be given unto fuch 
^ Ads as fhall be adviied by both Houfes of Parliament, for* 
^.^the fatisfying and paying the Debts, and Damages, wherein 
** the two Houfes of Parliament have engaged the Publick 
<^ Faith of the Kingdom. 

II. *'That your Majefty will be plcaled,. according to a 
^ ^acious Anfwer kcr^tofere received from you, to enter into 

1 1 ^^amort? 

Ill TheHtftory BookVI. 

^ ft more ftrid Alliance with the States of the ututed Pro* 
^ ymctSy and other Neighbour Princes, and States oftne Pro- 
^^teftant Religion, for the defence and maintenance thereof 
^ againft all deQgns and attempts of the Popifh, and Jefuidcal 
^ VkddOAy to fubvert and fiipprefs it} whereby your Subje£ts 
^ may hoft to be free from me mifchiefii which this King^m 
<^ hatn endured, through the Power which feme of tbat Party 
' <^have had in your Counfels; and will be much encouraged, 
<^ in a Parliamentary way^ for vour Aid and AOiftance in re- 
« ftorii^ your R6yal Sifter, and the Prince filedor, to thofe 
^Dignities and Dominions which belong unto them ; ttid re* 
^lieving the other Proteftant Prince^ who-have fufier'd in the 

t^k ^^That in Ae general Pardon which your Majefty 
^hath been pleafed to oSer to your SubjeOs, all OSences and 
^ Miidemeanours committed before the locb ofjanumj 1641, 
^whidi hach been or fliall be (xueftioa'd, or proceeded a- 
Againft in Parliiment,^ upon Compkint in the Houfe of 
^ commons, before the lod^ oijimiuiry. t<$43> Ihall be ex- 
^ ceptbd} whid^Oflfefices, and Mifdemeanours (hall neverthe- 
^leis be taken, and adjudged to be fully difcharged againft 
*all other inlerior Courts. That likewUe there (hall be an 
*■ exception of all Offences committed by any Perfon or Per- 
^fons, which had), or have had, any hand or praAice in the 
^Rebellion of Ireldfid^ whidi hath, or have given, any 
^^ Counfel, Afliftance, or Encouragement to the Rebels there, 
^for the maintenance of that Rebellion j as likewiie an ex- 
^ception of IVitiiam Earl of New^afile^tind Georgehord Dkhy. 

14. *' That your Majcfty will be pleafed to reftore mch 
^ Members of either Houfe of Parliament to their feveral 
^ places of Services, and Employment , out of which they 
^mve been put fince the beginning of this Parhament ; that 
*"^ they may receive fatisfaftion, and reparation for thofe places, 
*^ ancl for the profits which they have loft by fuch removals, 
** upon the Petition of both Houfes of Parliament : And that 
*an others may be reftored to their Offices, and Employ- 
^ ments, who have been put out of the fame upon any dif- 
^pleafiire conceived a^nft thera, for any AfiBftance given to 
^ TOth Houfes of Parliament, or Obeying their Commands, 
**.or forbearing to leave their Attendance upon the Parliament 
"without Licence; or for any other occafion, arifing from 
*'rtiefe unhappy difierences betwixt your Majefty and both 
** Houfes of Parliament, upon the like Pdition of both Houfes. 

** These things being granted, and performed, as it hath 
** always been our hearty Prayer, fo (hall We be enabled to 
^'make it our hopeful Endeavour, chat your' Majefty, and 
^* your People, may enjoy the bleflings rf Peace, Truth, ^nd 



Of the Rehelhon^ &c. ng 

<<Juftice; the Rojralcf ftod Greatoefi of yoar Throne nuy 
^< be fupporced ot c)ie LoyaJ, and Bouncifiil AfieOkxis of 
<^ your Feopk; Tbeir Liberties, and Privileges, maiocaio'd by 
*< your Majefty's Ptote&ion^aad Jufiice^ and this publick Ho* 
^nour^and Happfnefs of your Majefly, and all your Domi* 
^ ntons, oommuAicated co ocber Churches, and States of your 
^ Ailianoe^ and deriv'd co your Royal Poiterity, and the fii* 
^* ture Generations of this ^ngdom lor ever. 

They who brou^ this Petition and Propofitions, (pake 
to their Friends at oxford with all freedono of the Penbns 
ifrom whom they came ; inveighed againft ** Their '^ 
^ and Unreafonabtenefs, and efpeciaUy i^inft the 
tions themfelves had brought^ but pq^Rively declared, ^ 
<< if the King would vouchfafe fo eracidiis an Anfwer (whicb 
^ They confefs'd the^ had no realon td expedl) as mi|^ eo» 
^gage the two Houies in a Treaty, it would not be men ii| 
^ the power of the Violent Party to deny wfaatToever his Ma- 
^* jellv could reafonably dcfire. However (thou^ the King 
expected little from thofe private undertakings, well know- 
ing, that they who wilh'd beft, were of le2b power, and 
that the greateft among them, aflbon as they were but fii(l 
pedted to incline to Peace, immediatdv loft their Reputatioxi) 
his Majefty, within two d^ys^ graciouu^ (fifinifled thofe Mef 
fengers with this Anfwer. 

<< I p his Nbje&y had not given up all the faculties of hii 
^< Soul to an eamdl endeavour of Peace, and Keconciliatioa 
<<with his People^ orifhewoddiiiSer bimfid^ by any Pro- 
^^ vocation, to be drawn to a Ibarpnefi of Laaguag^ at a tivit 
^ when there feems fixnewhat like an Overture of Accom«^ 
<^ modadon, he could not but refent the heavy Charges upon 
<^ him in the Preamble of thefe PropoGtioas; would not fii& 
** fcr himfdf to be reproached, with proteffing of Delin- 
^qaents, by force, fixxn Juftice (his JMujeftyls defire having 
^always been, that aU Iden Ihoukl be try'd by the knowa 
<< Law , and having been reftifed it) with raifing an Anny 
<< againft his Paiiiament, and to be told diat Arms have been 
^ taken up againft Him for dbie defimoe of Aeligion, Lawa^ 
<< Liberties, and Privileges of Parliament, and for die Gttti^ 
^< of the Parliametu: in ufety, with many other particufaua in 
<< that Preamble fo often and fo fully aniwer'd by his Ma<» 
^^'yd^j without idmembring die World, of the Time, and 
^< Circumftances of rai&ng tboie Arms againft Him; when 
(chis Majefty was fo far ^m being in % Condition to inv«de 
^ other Men*s Right^ that he was not able to matntun^ and 
<* defend his own from Violence } and widiout Celling his 
<< good Sobjedts, xbit their Rdtt;k)n (the true froceftant Re« 

I 3 <<ligioci 

1%^ " The Hijkfy BookVL 

^ ligion, in which his Majefty was born, hath faithfully Uv'd, 
<< and to which He will dA!^ a willing Sacrifice) their Laws, 
*f Liberties, Privileges, and Safety of Parliament, were fo 
«* imply fettled, and eftablifli'd,^ or oflfer'd to be fo by his 
^'Majeily, before any Army was raifedagainft Him, apdlong 
i^^ before any raifed by Him for his Vlefenice, that if nothing 
•'had been defir'd but that Peace and Proteftion whicthis 
*' Subjedfcs, and their Anceftors, had in the beft times enjoy'd, 
f*«under his Majefty, or his Royal PredeceCTors, this mif- 
f^.uiiderftanding and (iiftance between his Majefty and hi$ 
•^Jk^cople, and this general Mifery. anddiftradion upon the 
•Vface of the whole Kingdom, had not been now the dif^ 
f^cdurfe of ^^J:hrifitniwn. 

r "But his Majefty will forbear any expreflions of bitter- 
?* neis, or of a lehfq of his own Suffering?, that, if it be pof^ 
5' fible, the Memory , thereof may be loft co the World. And 
f'therefore> thou^ many of the Propofitions, prefented to 
?*his Majefty by DOth Houfes, appear to him very deroga- 
•^iory froip, and deftruflive to, nis juft Power and Prero- 
^y gacive, a!nd no way beneficial to his Subjedts, few of them 
••Being already due to them by the Laws eftablifh'dCand 
!•* how Unparliameatary it is by Arrns to require new Laws, 
f^ all the World may judge) yet (becaufe thefe may be Tyaved,or 
f* mollified, arid inany things, that are now dai-k and doubtful 
•• in them, cleared and explained upon debate) his Majefty 
^* is pleated, fuch is-his fenfe of the Miferies, this Kingdom 
*• fuflers by this unqatural War, andTiis earneft defire to re- 
^'rnove them by an happy Peace, that a fpeedy Time and 
^ Place be agreed upon, for the meeting of fucn Perfons as 
•• his Majefty and both Houfes (hail appoint to difcufs thefe 
^' Propofitions,. and fuch others here following as his Majefty 
^^ doth prbpofe to them. 

I . '• T H A T his Majefly's own Revenue, Magazine, Towns, 
^ Forts, and Ships, which have been taken or kept from him 
•5 by force, be forthwith reftor'd unto him. 
' a. •' Th A T whatfoever hath been done, or publifh'd, con- 
^•trary to the known Laws of the L^nd, or derogatory to his 
'f Majefty's Legal^and known Power and Rights,be renounced, 
^^ and recalled, that no feed may femain for the like to fpring 
**^ out of for the future. 

3. "That whatfoever illegal Power hath been claimed, 
^* ahd exercifcd by, or over his Subjedls, as imprifbning their 
<^ Perfons without Law, flopping their Haheas corpus's, and 
f* iinpofing upon their Eftates without ASt of Parliament, ^c. 
^Eidier by both, or either Houfe, or any Committee of 
5^6btby Of either, or t^ any Perfons appoimed by any of them, 
• ^ \' • " ' ■ ••be 

Of the Rehellion^ Sec. tiy 

^^be difclaimed^ and all fucb Perfons fo committed, forthwith 
^ difcharged. ' 

4. "That as his Majefty will readily confent (having 
"done fo heretofore) to the execution of all Laws already 
^* ipade, and to any good Adts to be made for the fupprefling 
** of Popery, and ror the firm fettling of the Proteltant Reli- 
^^ gion now e(tabli(h*d by Law ^ fo he defires, that a good Bill 
**may be framed, for the better preferving the Book of Com- 
" mon Prayer from the fcom and violence o^Brotimifisy Anm- 
^^ haptifisy and other SeOaries, with fuch Claufes for the eafe- 
" of tender Coniciences, as his Majelty hath formerly ofler'd. 

y. •* That all fudi Perfons, as, upon the Treaty, fliall be- 
^^ excepted out of the general Pardon, (hall be try'd per pares^ 
" according to the ulual Coujfe , and known Law of the 
^'Land; and that it be left to that, either to acquit, or con«< 
" demn them. 

<J " And to the intent this Treaty may not fuflfer inter- 
** ruption, by any intervening Accidents,^ that a Ceflation of 
" Arms, and free Trade for all his Majefty's SubjeAs, may 
*^ be firlt agreed upon. 

"This offer and defire of his Majefty, he hopes, will be 
^^ fo cheerfully entertained, that a fpeedy* and blefled Peace 
" may be accomplilh'd. If it Ihall be rejected, otyby inlirting 
*f uponunreafbnable circum{tances,ben^e impoUible (which, 
"he hopes, God in his Mercy to this Nation will not fuffer) 
"the guilt of the Blood which will be Ihed, aiid the defola* 
"tion which mud follow, will lie upon the Heads of the Re- 
"fiifers. However, his Majefty is refolv'd through what Ac-. 
^ cidents foever he ihall be compelled to recover his Rights,; 
** and with what prbfperous fuccefe foever it ftiall pleafe God " 
" to blefs him, that by his earneft, conihu^t Endeavours to 
'^ propagate and promote the true Proteltant Religion, and bv 
** his governing according to the known Laws of the Land,' . 
" and upholding the juft Privileges of Parliament, according 
'^to his frequent proteftations made before Almighty God 
" (which He will always inviolably obferve ) the World fliaU 
^'lee, that he hath undergone all chefe difficulties, and ha^ 
'^ 7.ards, for the defence and maintenance of thofe, the Tieal^^ 
" ous prefervation of which, his Majefty well knows, is the 
" only foundation and means for the true happinefs of Him, 
** and hia People. 

Wh rLST thefe Overtures and Difcourfcs were made of 
Peace, the Kingdom, in all parts, felt the fad eftedb of War j 
neither the King, nor the Parliament, being flack in purfuing 
the bufmefs by the Sword; and the Perfons- of Honour and- 
Quality in moft Counties more vigoroufly declaring them** 

1 4. fclvcs 

1*6 The Hiftwy Book VI. 

felves than they had done. Among the reft, upon the King's 
retreat from Brentford^ whilfthe yet (laid about Reddtt^^tome 
of the well aSG&ed Gentry of Suffexj upon the confidence of 
their. Intcrefts in thofe parts, oSer d the King to raife Forces 
there ^ and prefumed they (hould be able to feife fome place 
of Security and Importance for their retreat, if the Enemy 
(hould attempt upon them ^ which ac that time of the year 
was not conceived could be with any notable fucceft. And 
being arm'd with fuch Authority, and Commiflions, as they 
defired, and feconded with • good Number of confiderable 
Officers, their firft fuccefs was anfwerable to their own hopes, 
and they pioflefs'd jthemfelves, partly by Force^ and partly by 
Chichd^tT Stratagem, of the City of chctefterj which, being encom- 

^£'Kin£'s ^^^ ^** * ^^ 8*^ ^^ ^9l\j was very eafy to be fo for- 

f^rw: tified, that, with the Winter, they might. well think them- 

felves fecure againft any forcible Attempt could be made upon 

them. And no doubt they had been fo, if the Common Peo- 

ee of the County (out of which the Soldiers were to rifis ) 
4 been to well amded as Was bdiev'd. . 

But before they could draw in Men or Proviiions into the 
Qty, the Earl of £^x fent S^^ mitiamJVmlhr with Horfe,Foot, 
and Cannon, to.iiiup^ them ; who, with the Adiftance of the 
Country, quickly (hut them up within their Walls. They 
within the Town were eafily reduced to ftreights they could 
not contend wi£b^ for, be&les the Enemy without, againft 
which the Walls and the Weather feem'd dF equal power, and 
the fmall ftock of ProviGons, which, in fo ihort time, they 
were able to draw thidier, they had caufe to apprehend their 
Friends would be weary before their Enemies ^ and that the 
Qtizens would not prove a trufiy part of the Garifon; and 
their Number of Common Men was (o imall, that the con- 
flant duty was perform'd by the Officers and Gentlemen of 
dl^dtlsh Q9*^ty> w'^o were abfolutely tiry out. So that after a week 
yif. Waller. ^ ^^^ ^^Y^ Siege, they were compelled, upon no better Arti- 
* des than Quarter, to deliver that City, which could hardly 
have been talcen from them : by which (with the lo&.of Fifty 
or Threelcore Gentlemen of Quality, and Officers of Name, 
wtaofe very good Reputation made the lofs appear a matter of 
abfelute, ard unavoidable neceffity ) the King found that he 
was not to venture to plant Garrifons fo far from his own 
Quarters, where he could not, in reafonable time, adminifter 
fuccour or fupply. 

This Triumph of the Enemy was (liortly after abated, and 
the lofs on the King's part repair'd, by the winning of Orrfxr- 
^Jfety a good Town in GUcifiir^/birej which the Rebels were 
fortifymg, and had in it a very ftrong Garrifon y and, being 
Upoa chp edge of WUh-Jhire^ Beri-flbire^ and Os^i-Jbire^ 


Of the Rehellion^ &c. 117 

fhrewdly ftreighten'd the King's (garters. The Marquis of 
HfrZ/vri^briDgiiig with him, ouc of tFakSj near two thoufiind 
Foot, and one Regimenc of Horfe, intended, with the Af- 
filtance of Prince Eupnt j who appointed to joyn with him 
with fome Raiments from Oxfwdj to take in that Town : 
But by the extreme fbulnefi of the ways, the great fail of Rain 
at that time ( being about Cbrifimas ) and ibme miftake in 
Orders between the two Generals, that defign was difiip- 

ginted : And the Alarm gave the Enemy fo much the more 
>urage, and diligence to provide for an Afl&ult. 
In the beginning ofFehuary^ Prince Rufert went upon cireneBto 
the fame defign with better fucccfs ; and at one and the fame »«»^ i^ 
time, ftonning the Town in feveral places, their Works be- ^"^j\„^ 
ingnotyet finilh'd, though perdnacioufly enough defended, p^Vi^I^q, 
enter'd their Line with fome lofs of Men , and many hurt, pert. 
but with a far greater of the Enemy ^ for there were not (b 
few as two hundred kill'd upon the place, and above one thou- 
fand taken Prifbners, whereof ^f^mv^/^r^ and FetMlace ( two 
Gentlemen of good Quality and Fortune near that Town, and 
very adive in the Service) Mr George^ a Member of Parlia- 
ment who ferv'd for that Burrough, and two or three Scotijb 
Officers of the Field, whereof Carr the Governour was one, 
were the cUef*. The Town yielded much Plunder: from 
which the undiftinguifhing Soldier could not be kept, but was 
equally injurious to Friend and Foe j io that many honefl Men, 
who were imprifbn'd by the Rebels for not concurring with 
them, found themfelves at Liberty and Undone together: 
amongft whom J^hn Flot^ a Lawyer of very good Reputation, 
was one ; who being freed from the bard, and barbarous im- 

Erifonment in which he had been kept, when he retum'd to 
is own Houfc, found it fiill of Soldiers, and twelve hundred 
pounds in Money taken from thence, which could never be 
recover'd. The Prince left a fbong Garrifon there, that 
brought almoftall that whole County into Contribution, and 
was a great enlargement to the King's Quarters, which now, 
without interruption, extended from Oxford to Worcefitr'y 
that important City, with the other of Hef^ttrd^ and thofe 
Counties, having, lome time before, been quitted by the Re^ 
bels ^ the Earl of StMmfrrd^ who was left in thofe parts by the 
Karl o^EffeXy being calPd from thence, by the growth of the 
King's Party in Cdngwsl^ to the fecuring the Weft. 

W E remembered before , when the Marquis of Hirtftnd 
tranfported himfelf and his tew Foot into Wsits from Afo* 
head^ that Sr Ralph HdptM, and the other Gentlemen, men- 
tioned before, with their fmall Force, ccxofifting of about one 
hundred Horfe , and fifty Dragoons , retired into Cornwall 
negle^ed by the Earl oi Bidftrd^ as ficandeafy tobefup-. 


Ii8 The Hifiory Book VL 

prefii'd by the Committees. And in truth, the Committees 
were entirely paOefs'd kA Dtvon-fhire^ and thought thecnfelves 
equally fure ot Cemwall^ fave that the Caftle of Pendemnh was 
in the Cuftody of one they had no hope of. They were wel- 
w **^P^ . com'd into Cornwai by S^ Bevil Greeuvily who march'd with 
S^l ^^^ towards the Weft of the County, as being belt affcaed, 
GxewriVs Where they might have leifuir to refrefh their wearied and al- 
fngf^s in moft tired Hone and Men, and to call the well difpofed Gen- 
Corpwal, ffy together ^ for which they chofe Truro as the fitteft place, 
mftbJtber *^ ^^^ P^^^ ^^ ^^^ County being poflefs'd by S' Alexander 
Centitmen Corewy and S^ Richard Bullet^ two Members of the Houfe of 
thtrt. Commons, and aftive Men for the fettling of the Militia. 
There was in this County, as throughout the whole Kingdom, 
a wonderful and fuperftitious reverence towards the Name of 
a Parliament, and a prejudice to the pDwer of the Court ; 
yet a fall fubmiflion, and love of theeftablilh'd Government 
of Church and State, efpecially to that part of the Church as 
concem'd the Liturgy or Book of Common Prayer, which 
was a moff general objeift of Veneration with tne People. 
And the jealoufy, and apprehenfion that the other Party in- 
tended to alter it, was a principal advancement of the King's 
Service, though the Major, and moft confiderable part of 
the Gentry, and Men of £itates, were heartily for the King, 
many of them being of the Houfe of Commons, and fo having 
ieen and obferv'd by what fpirit the diftemper was begot, 
and carried on ^ yet there were others of Name, Fortune, and 
Reputation with the People, very foUicitous for the Parlia- 
ment, and more adive than the other. There was a Third 
fort ( for a Party they cannot be call'd) greater than either 
€>fthc other, both of Fortune, and Number, who, though 
they were fatisfied in their Confciences of the juftice of the 
King's Caufe, had yet fo great a dread of the Power of the 
Parliament, that they fat ftUl as Neuters, aflifting neither. So 
that they who did boldly appear, and declare for the King, 
were corapell'd to proceed with all warineis, and circum- 
fpedion ; by the known an^ well underftood Rules of the 
Law, and Juftic^j and durft not oppofe the moft extravagant 
A<a of the other fide, but with all the formality that was ufed 
in fall Peace : Whidi muft be an Anfwer to all thofe over- 
lights, and omifTions, which Pofterity will be apt to impute 
to the Kiiig, in the morning of thefe DiftraSions. 

The Committee of the Parliament, who were entirely 
poffefs'd of Devon-jhirey and Believ'd themfelves Matters of 
Ofrmvai, drew their Forces of the Country to Launeejiony to 
be fure that S' Ralfh Hoptom^ and his Adherents ( whofe power 
they thought contemptible) might not efcape, out of their 
hands. This was betore the Battle of Edge-hill, when the 


Of the RehelUon^ &c. 119 

King was at loweft, and when the Authority of Parliament 
found little oppofition in any place. The Quarter Sediont 
came, where they caufed a Preientment to be drawn, in form 
of Law, <^ Againft divers Men unktiown, who were lately come 
^^ Arm'd into that County tomtra p4cemy &c. Though none 
were named, allunderltood who were meant ^. and there- 
fore Sr Rsifh HpptMfy who very well underftood thofe pro* 
ceedings, voluntarily appear^; took notice of the Prelenc* 
•menr, and produced the Commiflion granted bytche King^ 
under the Great Seal of EngimrJ, to the Marquis of Hntfordj 
by which he was conftituted General of the Weft ; and a 
Commiffioo, firom his Lordfliip, to S' Ralph H^ptom, of Lieu* 
tenant General of the Horfe 3 and told them, <^ He was fenc 
^'to affift them, in the defence of their Liberties, ag^inliaU 
'^ illegal Taxes, and Impofitioos. Hereupon, after a full and 
folemn Debate, the Jury, which con(ifted of Gendemien cf 
good Quality, and Fortunes in the County ^ not only acquit- 
ted Sr Ra/ph Hoptony and all the ,other Gentlemen his Com- 
panions, of any dUturbance of the Peaces but declared, 
^^That it was a great favour, and juftice of his Majefty, tc^ 
^^fend down aid to. them who were already marked out to 
^^ deftrudlion ; and that they thought it the duty of every 
^^ good Subjed^ as well in Loyalty to the Kingy as in grati* 
^< tude to thofe Gentlemen, to joynwith them with any ha- 
^ zard of Life and Fortune. 

'. As this full vindication was tbus gotten on the King's 
part, (b an Indidment was preferr'd againft S^ Alexander 
CSfyvv, Sr Richard BuIUr J and the reft dF the Coipmittee, 
^fbr a Rout and unlawful AOembly at Launcejhn f and for 
f' Riots and Mifdemeanours committed againft.many of the 
f' King's good Subjeds, in taking their Liberties, from them 
(for they &d intercepted,, and apprehended divers Mcffim- 
gers, and others of the King's Party, and employ'd ibythem.) • 
This IndiOment and Information was found by the Grind 
Jury, and thereupon, according to a Statute in that cafe 
provided, an Order of Seifions was granted to the High 
SheriflF, a Perfbp well afle<aed to the King's Service,. " I'o 
^ raife the p*^ Comitatusy for the difperfing that unlawiul 
'^AOembly at Laimcefi^ny and for the apprehenfion of the 
^Rioters. This was the Rife and Foundation of all the 
great Service that was after performed in Cornwall by which 
the whole Weft was reduced to the King. For, by this 
means, there were immediately drawn together, a Body of 
three thoufand Foot, well Arm'd^ which by no other means 
could have been done : with which Sr Ralph Hoptany whom 
they all willingly obeyed, advanced towards Launcefiowy 
which the Committee had fortified, and from thence had fent 


f go The Hiftory vBook VI. 

Mel&ges of great contempt upon the proeeedingi of the SeC- 
fion^ ; for behdet their comdence in their ownGtrmgiKftreagdi, 
they had a good Body of Horfe to fecond them upon all oc- 
cafions^ in the Confiaeff of Dtvom. 

Sir GepT^ chtdliijHb^ GSentleman of good Fortune:^ and 
Reputation in that O^unty, and very adtive for the Militia, 
bemg then at nvijhciy with five or m fidi Troops of Horie^ 
raifed in that County to go to their Amy, but detained till 
C^rmuai coidd be fettled ^ upon the News of S' Ralph Hof^ 
t9tfs advancing, thefe drew to Litton^ k Village in Devon- 
flnn^ but within three Miles of LaimcefivnyS^ Ralfi Hcptom 
inaroh'd within two Miles of the Town, where he refrdh'd 
his Men, intending, the next morning early, to fall on the 
Town : But S^ Bktmrd BuUer^ and his Confederates, not 
Airing to abide tbt Storm, in grefit <filbrder quitted the 
Town that Night, and drew into Beim-fi^^y and fo towards 
FfymoMtb ; (b that in the Mornins Sr lukh HofSou foimd the 
Gates of Lamajhm open , and enter'd without refiftanceu 
As the fubmiffion to, and reverence of, the fcnowo pra£tice4 
Laws had, by the Shenffi Authority, nuied(hi9 Army within 
very few davs, fo the extpeme fupemicion to it, aflbon di(> 
fblv'd it. For when all the Perfons of Honour, and Quaility 
who wdl knew the defperate formVt defigns of the odier 
Plarty, eameftly prels'd the purfuing the diOiearten'd and dif* 
mayM Rebels into Devon^ by whidi they fiiould quickly en- 
creafe their Numbers, by Joyning wid) the weU afieffced in 
that Large and Populous Coonty, who were yet aw'd intQ 
Slence : It was powerfully objedted, « That the Sieriff, by 
*< whofe Legal Authority otdy that Force was drawn toge- 
<^ther, mig^t not lawiiiily roardi out of his own County, 
^^ and that it was the princi^ Privilege of the Tnun'd-bands, 
^ that they m^ht not be compell'd to march farther than the 
« limits of their Sheriff. 

How grievous and inconvenient foever this dodlrine was 
diicem'd to be, yet no Man durft prefume fo far upon the 
temper of that People, as to objeA Policy, or Neceffity to the 
notions of Law. And therefore, concealing, as much as was 
poffiUe, the true reafons, they pretended their not following 
the Enemy proceeded from apprehenfion of their fbencth, 
by their joyning with S** George dudHegbj and of want of Am- 
munition (either of which were not unreafonable) and fo 
march'd to Salt-ajhy a Town in Cemiaai upon an Arm of 
the Sea^ which only divided it from Fiimesah, and JOeveny 
where was a Garrifon of two hundred Scots :^ who, upon the 
am)roach of Sr Ralph Hoptom as kindfy quit Salt-ajb^ as the 
Others had Launcojlen before. So that being now entirely 
Mailers of armoal^ they &irly difinifs'd tfaofe who could 


of the Rehettion^ &c. 131 

fiot be kcfC long together, and retired with their own 
handful of Horfe sod Dragoons, till a new provocation ftom 
die Enemy (bould put fireln Vigour into that County. 

1 N the mean time, confidering the cafiialcy of thole Trained* 
bands, and that ftrength, which on a iuddain could be 
ndfed by the F^ C^tmistmy which, though it made a Gal- 
lant fiiewin Cermvuil^ they eafily fiiw would be of no ufe 
towards the quenching the General Rebellion over EftgUnJ, . 
they entered upon thoughts of raiGng volumuy Regiments 
of Foot ; which could be only done by the Gentlemen of 
that Gountiy among their Neighbours , and Tenants, who 
depended on them. & Btvii Gnenvil (the generally moft be* 
kv'd Man of that Country) Sr Nfci0laf Slmmhtg^ the Gallant 
Goremour of Fewdnmk Caltle, J^hn ArunJkl^ and J9lm 
Tnvammon, two young Men of Excellent hopes, and Heirs 
to great Fortunes in that Country fall four of mem Members 
of the Houfe of Commons, and (b better inform'd, and ac- 
quainted with the defperate humours of the adverfe Party) 
undertook the raifing Regiments of VoUintiers : many young 
Gentlemen, c^ the mod confiderable Families of the County, 
idfifting them as inferior Officers. So that, within a ihorter 
time than could be expcded, firom one (ingle County, there 
was a Body df Foot, of near fifteen hundred, railed, arm'c^ 
and well difciplin'd for Adion. But there was then an Acci- 
dent, that might have difcompofed a People which had not 
been very wdl prcpar'd to perform their duties. 

The Lord Mo»un ( who had departed from Tark from die 
King with all profeflions of Zeal, and AAivity in his Service) 
had, from the time of the firft motion in cormwalj forbom 
to joyn himfelf to the King's Party; ftaying at home at his 
own Houfe, and imparting himfelr equally to all Men of fe- 
veral Conftitutions, as if he had not been yet fufficiently in* 
form'd which Party to adhere to. But aner all the adverfa 
Party was driven out of c^mnadl^ and the &me of the Kingfs 
marching in the Head of an Army, and having Fought the 
Battle at Edge-kiU ( the efiedt whereof was varioiSly reported) 
Without acquainting any Body with his bitention, he took a 
Journey towards London^ at the time when the King march'd 
that way, and prefented himfelf to his Majelly at Brentfard^ 
as fent from Sr Ralph Hoftany and the reft of thoTe Gentle- 
men engaged in Cormuai-^ though many Men believed that his 
purpofe was, in truth, for London^ if he had not then found 
the King'^ condition better than it was generally believ'd. 
Upon his Lordfhip's information of the State of thole Weftera 
parts, and upon a fuppoGtion that he fpake Ae fenfe, and 
defires of thofe ft'om whom he pretended to come, the King 
granted a Commiflion joyndy to his LordQiip, S^ lU^h H^ 


1 31 The Hillory Book VI. 

/Mr, Sr J9hn Berkley^ and Colonel Afhbttmham^ to govern 
tfaofe Forces, in tbe abfence of the Lord. Marquis of £Epr^-i 
ford., with which he recurn'd into Cormaaly and inunediace-> 
ly raifed a Regimenc of Fooc^ behaving himfelf as adivqly, 
and being every way as forward in tbe. advancing the groic 
bufinefs, as any Man; fo that Men imputed his former re^ 
iervedneis, only to his not being iacisfied in a condition of 

O N the other fide^ they who were concerned in that altera- 
tion j. were not at all well contented. For before, thefe Gen- 
tlemen of Cor^snp^f /, upon wbofe intereit'and aAivity the work 
depended, had, with great readinefs, complied wkh the other,, 
both 9ut of great vsdue of their Perfons, with whom they had 
good ^miliarity, and friendQiip, and in refped of their Au- 
thority, and Commillions, with which they came qualified 
in that County: ;for, as was remember'd b^ore, Sr Ralph 
Hofton had a CommiQion from tbe Marquis of Hertford^ to 
be Lieutenant General of the Hotk^ S^Johm Berkieyy to be 
Commifi&ry General, and Colonel Jfjbktrmham to be Mbjor 
General- of the Foot ; fo that there was no difpute of Com- 
mands. But now, .the Lord Mohvu^s coming into an equal 
Command with any, and fuperior to thofe who thought Their 
reputation and interefl to be fuperior to His ( for he had not 
the good fortune to be very gracious in his own Country) 
and this by his own follicitation, and interpolition, gave them 
fome indignation. However their publick-heartednefs, and 
joynt concernment in the good Caufe, fo totally fupprefs'd ail 
Animofities, and indeed IndifpoOtions, that a greater concur- 
rence could not be defir'd, in whatfoever could contribute to 
'the work in hand j fo that they not only preferv'd Conrwal 
entire, but made bold incurfions into Devon^ even to the 
Walls of Pfyvfcutfoj and Exeter ; though the Seafon of the year, 
t>eing the deep Winter, and the want of Ammunition, foon 
forced them to retire into Corwa>aL 

• The reputation of their being Matters of that one County, 
and the apprehenfion of what they might be ihortly able to 
do, made the Parliament think it time to take more care for 
their fuppreffion. And therefore they fent their whole Forces 
QiatO^Dpr/et and Somerfety to joyn with thofe of Devonj to 
make an entire conquelt oicornwal. With thefe. Rut hen fa 
^cfl/j-man, the Governour of Plymouth) advanced into Com" 
tffaly by a. Bridge over the Tamar^ f^x miles above Sa/t-afb 
(where he had before endeavour'd to force his paflage by Wa- 
ter, but bad been beaten c^' with lofs ) having mafter^d the 
Guard there; the Earl of Stamford following him, two or 
three days march. behind, with a new fupply of Horfe, and 
iqoty : albeit , thofe ihp^Scotsrm^n bad with him, were much 
, A . fuperior 

OftheRehellion^&cc. 133 

fuperior to thofe of the King's^ which, upon this fiiddaia 
Iava(ion, were forced to retire with their whole Itrengch to 
Bodmin ^ whither, forefeeing this itorm fome few.days before 
it came, they had again fummon'd the Fojfe Comitatus^ which 
appeared in con&ierable Numbers. 

They had icarce refreih'd themfelves there, and ^t their 
Men in order, when Rutben^ with his Horfe, Foot, and Can* 
non, was advanced to Liskardy within feven miles of Bodmin-^ 
from whence they moved towards the Enemy with all ala- 
crity, knowing how neceilary it was for them to Fig^t before 
the £arl oiStamfordy who was at that time come to Lauucejiom 
with a ftrong Party of Horfe and Foot, (hould be able to joyn 
with the Rebels. And as this conGderation was of importance * 
to haften the one, fo it prevail'd with the other Party too; 
for Biuthewy apprehending that his Vi(3x)ry, of which he made 
no queftion, would be clouded by the prefence of the £arl oi 
Stanford^ who had the chief Command, refolv'd to difpatch 
the bufinefs before He came. And fo Sr Ralph Hoptom ( to 
whom the other Commiflioners, who had a joynt Authority 
with him, willingly devolvM the fole Command for that day, 
led confuGon of Orders might beget didra&ion) was no fooner 
known to be drawing towards him (to whom a prefent Bat- 
tle was fo necellary, that it was refolv'd, upon all diiadvan- 
tages, to have fallen on the Enemy in the Town rather than ^ 
not Fight) but Ruthen likewife drew out his Forces, and 
choofing his ground upon the Eaft fide of Bradock-Dovin near 
Uskard^ flood in Battalia to exped): the Enemy ^ Sf Raipb 
Hoptotgy having likewife put His Men in order^ cau&d pub- 
liCK Prayers to be faid, in the head of every Squadron (wnict^ 
the Rebels obferving, told their fellows, " They were at Mais, 
to ftir up their Courages in the caufe of Religion) and having 
winged his Foot with his Horfe and Dragoons, he advanced 
within Mufquet-fliot of the Enemy, who Aood without any 
motion. Then perceiving that their Cannon were not yec 
come up from the Town, he caufed two fmall iron Minion 
Drakes (all the Artillery they had) to be drawn, under the 
cover of little Parties of Horfe, to a convenient diflance from 
the Body of their Enemies ; and after two fhots of thoie Drakes 
(which being not difcern'd, and doing fome execution, firook 
a greater terror into them) advanced with his Body upon 
them ; and, with very eafy contention, beat them off their Sr Rilph 
ground ; they having lined the Hedges behind them with their Hopton 
Referve, by- which they thought fecurely to make their retreat p'*?. '*• 
into the Town. But the cam fjh fo briskly beftirr'd themfelves, J^'esUf^' 
and prefs'd them fo hard on every fide, being indeed excellent c« At Bra- . 
at Hedge-work, and that kind of Fight, that they quickly <^«>ck. 
won That ground too, and put their whole Army in a rowfj ^^JhiT^ 


1 g4 1"^^. tliftory Book VI. 

and had die (iill execution of them as far as they would pur- 
iiie. But after that advantage, they were always more fparing 
than is ufually known in Civil Wars , flicdding very little 
Blood after reiiftance was given over, and having a very noble 
and Cjtfiftian fenfe of the lives of their Brethren : infomuch 
as the Common Men, when they have been prds'd by fome 
fiercer OflScer, to ft)llow the execution, have anfwer'd, ^ TTiey 
^ could not find in their hearts to hurt Men who had nothing 
«in their hands. 

In this Battle, without the lofi of an Officer of Name, and 
very few Common Men, they took twelve hundred and fifty 
Pritoners, moft of their Colours, all their Cannon, being fout 
Brafi Guns (whereof two were twelve Pounders ) and one 
iron Saker, all their Ammunition, and moft of their Arms. 
Bifthin himfell^ and thofe who could keep pace with him, fied 
to Salp-ajb; which he thought to fortify, and by the Neigh- 
bourhood of Pfymeuthj *ana affiftance of the dipping, to de- 
fend ^ and thercfby ftill to have an Influence upon a good part 
€£C9nrwaL The Earl of SiamfrrtL receiving quick Adver- 
lifement of this Defeat, in great diforder retired to Tavifiocty 
to preferve the utmolljparts of Devpn from incurfions. Here- 
upon, after a fblemn Thanklgiving to God for this great Vi- 
^ry (which was about the middle oi January) and a little 
refi'efliing their Men at Uskard^ the King's Forces divided 
riiemfelves ^ Sr John Berkley j and Colonel j^JHumhamy with 
S' BevH Greeitvily Sr Nkholas Sla»»mg% and Colonel Tre^ 
^dnnion's voluntary Regiments, ind fuch a Party of Horfe and 
Dragoons as could be 5>ared, advanced to Tavifiock to vific 
the Earl of Stamford -^ the Lord Mehun^ and Sr Ralph Hop- 
r^r, with the Lord Mohun\ and Colonel Godolphnts Volun- 
tary Regiments, and fome of the Train'd-bands, marctfd to- 
wards Salt'^y to diflodge Rutheni who within three days 
(fiDr there was no more between his defeat at Bradock-Dovfri^ 
and his vifitation at Sah^ajb), had caft up fuch works , and 
planted fuch ftore of Canon upon the narrow Avenues, that 
ne thought Mmfelf able, with the help of a goodly Ship of four 
hundred Tuns, in which were fixteen pieces of Canon, which 
he had brought up the River to the very fide of the Town, 
to defend that place againft any ftrength was like to be brought 
againft him. But he quickly fi^und that the fame fpirit pof- 
fefs'd his Enemies that drove him from Liskard^ and the feme 
that poflefs'd his own Men when they fled from thence ; for 
as foon as the com^ came up, they fell upon his works, and 
SaXe^afli m a ftiort time beat him out of them ; and then out of the 
^^/^'^•Town with a gobd execution upon them; many being kiird 
^^' in the Fight, and more drown'd : Buthen himfelf hardOfy get- 
ting into a Boa^ by which he got into Pfymi^hy leaving all 


Of the Rehellion^Scc. igy 

his Ordinance behind him, which together with the Ship, and ' 
fevenfcore Prifoners, and all their Colours, which had been 
fkved at Liskard^ were taken by the Conquerors, who were 
now again entire Mafters oiConrwaL 

The Earl of Stamford had not the iaroe patience to abide ' 
the other Party at Tavifiock^ but, before their approach, quit- 
ted the Town^ fome ot his Forces making haite into Flymouth^ 
and the reft retiring into Exeter, And fo, though the old fu^ 
perftition, of not going out of the County, again disbanded 
the Train'd-bands, the comifh^ with all their Voluntary For- 
ces, drew into Devou^ and fixed Quarters within lefs than a 
mile of Plymouth J and kept Guards even within Mufquet-lhot 
of Their Line. S"* John Berkley in the mean time with a good 
Party Volant, ofHorfe and Dragoons, with great diligence, 
and gallantry, vifiting all places in Devouy where their Peo- 

fle were gathered together, and diflolving them, took many 
Wfoners of name j and fo kept chudleighy the Major Gene- 
ral of the Parliament Forces^ from railing a Body there j which 
he induitrioully intended. 

In thofe necefTary and brisk expeditions in failing upon 
Chagford ( a little Town in the South of Devon ) before day, . 
the Ring loft Sidney Godolphwy a young Gentleman of incom- MrSicfney 
parable parts^ who, being of a conftitution and education more ^olp^"» 
delicate, and unacquainted with contentions, upon his ob-;^*"' 
iervation of the wickednefs of thofe Men in the Houfe of 
Commons, of which he was a Member, out of the pure In- 
dignation of his Soul againft them,and Confcience to his Coun- 
try, had, with the firft, engaged himfelf with' that Party in 
the Weft : and though he thought not fit to take Command 
in a Profeflion he had not willingly chofen, yet as his advice 
was of great Authority with all the Commanders, being 
always one in the Council of War, and whofe notable abili- 
ties they had ftill ufe of in their Civil Tranfadlions, fo he ex- 
pofed his Perfon to all A<3:ion, Travel, and Hazard^ and by 
too forward engaging himfelf in this laft, receiv'd a mortal 
fliot by a Mufquet, a little above the knee, of which he died 
in the inftant ^ leaving the misfortune of his death upon a 
place, which could never otherwife have had a mention to 
the world. 

After this, which bappen'd about the end oi January ^ 
in refpedt of the feafon of the year, and the want of Ammu- 
nition, finding that they could make no impreilion upon the' 
flrong-holds of the Enemy, they retired, with their whole 
Forces, to Tavifiock^ where they rcfreflied, and refted them-n*^>?V 
fclvcs many days, being willing to eafc their faft Friends of cor^^Jfl^ 
Cornwal aa much as was poflible from the trouble, and charge /Jy[y]^* 
of their little Army. The difficulties they were entangled ftocfc.; 
Vol. IL Part I. K with 

1^6 TheHi/ior/ Book VI. 

with, were verv prodigious ^ of which one was, chat die other 
parts of the Welt were fo entirely poflefi'd by the Eneo^y, 
that they could have no correfpondence, or receive any intel- 
ligence from the King, not one Meflenger in ten arriving at 
bis Journey's end. Then though the Juitice, and Piety of the 
caule, added much power to particular Perfons in raifmg an 
Army; yet the money that was raiied for the maintenance^ and 
payment of that Army, was entirely upon the Reputation, 
Credit, and Intereft, of particular Men: and how long that 
fining would fupply thole ftreann, the moit iajnguine among 
tn^m could not preuime ; but the want of Ammunition trou- 
bled them moft of all : they had yet had none but what had 
been taken out of the low itore of P§nJenBii CaiUe, and what 
they had won from the JEnemy; the firft wanted a fupply 
for it's own proviiion, but which way ta procure that fupply 
thev could not imagine^ and the fear, atui apprehenfion of 
fiicn ftreights, againtt which no probable hopes occur, is more 
grievous and imuf^Kxtable, thaoi any prefent want. 
OftaU I N this inftant, as if fent by Providence, they met with an 

Otf teree opportunity they had fcarce Courage to hope for : Captain 
^SSmLiih •^''^^'^^j "^ Controler of the King's Navy, having in the 
^^immwh' beginnii^ of the Troubles, after he had refufed to have Comi^ 
thm I mand in their Fleets, without noife withdrawn Himfelf and 
bis Family out of England to Jer/y^ and being there impa- 
tient of being quiet, whilit his Matter was in the Field, trans- 
ported himfelf into Cormual with a purpofe to raife a Troop 
of Horfe, and to engage in that Service : when he came thi- 
dier, he was unanimomly importun'd by the Commanders, 
after they bad acquainted him with their hopelefs, and defpe- 
rate want of Powder, to aflift them in that manner, that the 
many good Ports in their power, might be made of fome ufe 
to them in the fijpply of Powder : whereupon he fliortly re- 
tum'd into France -y and faSt upon his own Credit, and then 
upon return of fuch Commodities out of Ofrnwal^ they could 
well (pare, he (iipplied them with fuch great proportions of all 
kinds of Ammunitions, that they never found want after. 

In the mean tim^ when they were clouded with that want, 
^ Taviftocky fbme Gentlemen of C^mwal who adhered to the 
Rebels, and were thereby difpoflefs'd of their County, made 
fome Overtures, <* That a Treaty might be enter'd into, where- 
^ by the Peace of the two Counties of Camwalj and Devon j 
^ might be fettled, and the War be remov'd into other parts. 
They who had moft experience of the humours and dupofi- 
tions of the Fadious Party, ealtly concluded the little hope of 
Peace by (ucfa a Treaty j yet the PropoGtion was fo fpecious 
and popuUr, that there was no rejecting it: and therefore 
cbey ttreed to a mectim between Perfons dbofen (^ either 

Of the RehelftoH, Sec. 137 

fide J and the Earl of St^anford himfelf fcetn'd fo ingenuous^ ji r^ttay 
char, ac the very firft tneecing, to fhew their clear intentions, ^'"'MvMt 
it was routuaBy agreed, tbit every Pcrfoh employed and ^^^'•^ ' 
trufted in the Treaty, (hould firft make a Proteftanon in thefc^^JTom'^ 
words, ^^ 1 do fidemnly vow, and proteft, in the prefence wai. 
^* of Atanjghfy God, tnat I do not only come a CommifRo- t^'V Fntt' 
•* ner to tms Treaty, with an hearty and fervent defire of ^'{'•^^'^ 
*^ conchidingan honourable, and firm Peace between the two^^JJ-** 
*• Coanties of CmTrwal ^nd Devm y but alfo will, to the ut- 
'^nioftof my power, profecute, and really endeavour to ac- 
** cofAplifh and efied the fame, by all hwftrl wavs and means 
^^ I pombly can ; firft by mamtaming the Protdtanc Religion 
^^^taMifh'd by Law m the Church (S Eitglandy thejuft Ri^ts 
•*and iVerogative of our Soveraign Lord the King, the juft 
*• PHvileges, and Freedom of Parliaments j together with the 
•* juft Rights and Liberty of the Subjedls ; and that I am with- 
**out any intention (by fomenting this unnatural War) to 
** gain, or hope to advantage my fdf with the real, or perfo- 
** nal Eftate of any Perfon whatfoever, or obtaining any Of- 
**fice. Command, Title of Honour, Benefit, or Reward, ei- 
*^ ther from the King's Majefty, or ddicr, or both Houfcs of 
^ Parliament , now aflembled. And this 1 take, in tiie pre- 
** fence of Almighty God, and as I fhall anfwer the fame at 
^ his Tribunal, according to the literal fenfe and meaning of 
^the foregoing Words, without any Equivocation, men- 
** tal Refervation, or other Evafion whatfoever : So help me 

The taking this Protcflation with that folemnity, and the 
ble(fod Sacrament thereupon, made even thofe who before 
cxpefted little fi-uit from the Treaty, believe^ that Men, be- 
ing fo engaged, would not be liable to thofe Paffions, aiid 
Amsdtions, which ufually tranfported that Party ^ and fo to 
hope that feme Good might proceed fi-om it : and therefor^ 
die King's Party were eafily induced to retire with their 
Forces into CarTtwal^ and thereupon, a Truce, andCeffiitipn,^^ Tma 
was agreed upon, that a Treaty might proceed without In- ^w^crfWl* 
terruption. In which Treaty, the wme continuing beyond •• '^'^ 
the expiration of the prefent year i6^z. We (hall for the pre**^*** 
fent leave them j that We may take a (hort furvey of the Nor* 
thern Parts, and remember by what degrees. They came to 
feel the Calamities, and to bear Their Burthen in the Civil 

When the King Ick Tori-Jbgrey he appointed S^THfomasf^MMecmn 
Glemhawy at the drfire of the Gentlemen of that County, as^/^** '^"'^ 
was before remembePdj to ftay in Xorky to order and com- ^c^ 
mand thofe Forces, whidi they ihould find necel&ry to rz\[t^J^^ 
to defend tbemfelves firom the excurfions of HuO^ whence^^* 

K % young 

ijS The Biliary BookVL 

'^ joyxc^lMhttm iofefted the Country more than his Father^ 
who was willing enough to Gt dill in his Garrifon, where he 
believ'd he could m^e advantage upon the fiiccds of either 
Party ; and they who were moft inclined to the Parliament 
(whereof the Lord FairfdXj and his Son were the chieQ from 
^whom the King was io hr from expeding any notable mif- 
chief, that he left them all at their own Houfes, when he 
went from them; and might, if he had thought it requifite^ 
havecarriedthemawayPrifbners with him, were rather de« 
firous to look on, tha^ engage themfelves in the War; pre- 
fuming that one Battle would determine all diiputes, and the 
Fartv which prevail'd in that, would find a general fubmifli- 
on thoughouc the Kingdom. And truly, 1 believe, there was 
(carce one Conclufion, that hath contributed more to the 
continuance and length of the War, than that generally re« 
ceiv^d opinion in the beginnii^ that it would be quickly at 
an end. Hereupon, there being but one viiible diflference like 
to beget diltradtions in the Country, which was about the Mi- 
litia, the King appointing it to be govern'd, and difpofed by 
the Commiflion of Array, and the Parliament by Their Ordi- 
nance; for the compofing whereof, the Gentlemen of thefe- 
veral opinions, propofed, between themfelves, " That neither 
^ the One, nor the Other Oiould be medled with ; but that all 
'^ fhould be contented to fit (till, without engagement to ei- 
**ther Party: this feem'd very reafonable to the Parliament 
Party there, who were rather carried away with an implicite 
reverence to the very name of a Parliament (the fatal difeafe 
of the whole Kii^dom at that* tiifte) than really tranfported 
with the paflion and defign of the furious part of it ; and who 
plainly difcern'd, that, by much the greateil part of the Per- 
ibns of Honour, Quality, and intcreit in the County, would 
cordially oppofe their Proceedings : For, belides the Lord 
Fairfaxy there were in truth few of good Reputation,and For- 
tune, who run that way. On the other-hand, the King's Party 
thought Their work done by it ; for they having already fent 
two good Regiments of Foot,the one under Colonel y^Aw Bel- 
IsJiSy younger Son to the Lord Vifcount Fakonhridgej and the 
other under S' William Vennyman^ and two Regiments of 
Dr^oons, the one under Colonel Duncomh^ the odier, Colo- 
nel Gowrey befides three or four good Troops of Horfe; and 
the Kine being at that diftance, that they could not fend Him 
ferther (upply; they thought they had nothing to do, but to 
keep the Country in fuch a Peacc^, that it might do the King 
no harm by fending Men to the Earl of Effexj or adhering to 
theOarrifon c^Hully and concluding, as the other did, that 
the decifion befween the Kin^and Parliament would be at the 
firft Encounter. Upon thefe deliberations, Articles were fo^ 


Of the ReheUion^ &c. 139 

lemnly drawn up, confented to, and fubicribed by the Lord ^Artida •f 
Fairfax^ and Htny Biilsfisy the Heir Apparent of the Lord KtutrMity 
Falconbridgij who were the two Knight^ who ferv'd in Far- ^''f'^. 
liamcnt for X^rk^irfy nearly ally'd together, and of great ^^^ ^^^ 
kindnefs till their feveral opinions, and afie&ions had divided t>«rrfM: 
them in this Quarrel : the former adhering to the Parliament, 
the latter, with great Courage and Sobriety, to the King. 

With them, the Principal Perfons of either Party fub- 
icribed the Anicles, and gave their mutual Faiths to each 
other, that they would obferve them^ being indeed no other 
than an En^igement of Neutrality, and to aifilt neither Party. 
Of all the Gentry of Tork-Jhire^ there were only two Dif- . 
renters on the Parliament fide, young Hothamj and S<^ J&/- 
nuard RboJes*^ who, though of the better Quality was not 
fb much known, or confider'd , as the other, fiut they 
quickly found Seconds enough ^ for the Parliament no fooner 
was informed of this Tranfedtion, than they exprefs'd their 
deteftation of it, and gently in words ( though fcornfully in 
matter ) reprehending the Lord Fairfax j and his Pftrty, ^For 
•* being coufen'd, and over-reactf d by the other : They de- 
clar'd, ^^That none of the Parties to that Agreement had any 
** Authority to bind that Country to any fiich Neutrality, as 
^^ was mention'd in that Agreement; it being a peculiar and 
"proper Power, and Privilege of Parliament, where the 
"whole Body of the Kingdom is reprefented, to bind all, or 
^*any part thereof: That it was very prejudicial and dan- 
^^ gttx)us to the whole Kingdom, that one County Qiould 
** Withdraw themfelves from the Affiftance of the reft, to 
"which they were bound by Law, and by feveral Orders 
^^ and Declarations of Parliament. That it was very deroga* 
*^ tory to the Power and Authority of Parliament, that any 
^^ private Men ihould take upon them to fufpend the exe- 
** cution of the Ordinance of the Militia, declar'd by both 
" Houfes to be according to Law, and very neceflary, at that 
*' time, for the prefervation of the Peace and Safety of the 
" Kingdom. Atid therefore, they faid, they thought them- 
<^ felvcs bound in Confcience, to hinder all farther proceed- 
^^ ings upon that Agreement ; and Ordered, " That no fuch BuidifnmU 
<* Neutrality (hould be obferv^d in that County. For if they h'*^ '^''- 
"fliould fuffer particular Counties to divide themfelves from ^^^^"^ 
" the reft of the Kingdom, it would be a means of bringing JJ^ ^^,*^ 
"all to Ruin and Deftrudion. And therefore they farther wfao^flfi./ 
declar'd that "Neither the Lord FairfaXy nor the Gentle- h^'A^'O' 
*^ men of Tork-Jbire^ who were Parties to thofe Articles, nor '*"'*• 
*^ any other inhabitants of that County, were bound by any 
" fuch Agreement; but required them to purfiie their former 
V' Refolutions, of Maintaining and AfBftiog the Parliament, 

K 3 <^io 

j^jO The Htftory Book VI. 

^<in defence of tbe Common Caufe, according to the Ge« 
<^ neral Proteftation wherein they were bound with the reft 
, ^^ of tbe Kingdom, and againft the Particular Proteftation by 
^^ themfelves lately made; and according to fuch Orders and 
^Commifltons as they fliould receive from both Houfes of 
*^ Parliament, from the Committee of the Lords and Conv* 
^^ roons appointed for tbe Safety of the Kingdom, or from 
<' the Earl of Effkx Lord General. And left this their Decla- 
ration Qiould not be of Power enough to Diftblve this Agree- 
ment, they publifh'd their Refolutions, and diredled thac 
^' M' Hotham^ ami S' Edward RbodeSy fhould proceed upon 
^^ their former InftruAions; and that they (hould have Power 
*^ to feife and apprehend all Delinquents that were fo Voted 
^ by the Parliament, and all fuch others, as Delinquents, as 
^ had, pf did fliew themfelves oppolite and difobedient to the 
** Orders and Proceedings of Parliament. 

Upon this Declaration, and Vote, not only young Ho* 
tbam fell to the pradice oJF A^is of Hoiiility, with all Li- 
cence, out of the Garrifon at Hmil^ but the Lord Fairfax him- 
lel^ and all the Gentlemen of that Party, who had, with 
thic Proteftation, fign'd the Articles, inftead of refenting the 
feproach to themfdves, tamely fubmitted to thofe unreafon- 
able conclufions : and, contrary to their folemn Promife and 
Engagement, prepared themfelves to bear a part in the War, 
and made all hafte to Levy Men. 

Upon fo great a difadvantage were the King's Party in 
all places; who were fo precife in promifes, and their ^er- 
fonal undertakings, that they believ'd they could not (erve 
the King, and his Caufe, if their Reputation and Integrity 
were once blemifli'd, though fome particular Contraft prov'd 
to his difadvantaee : whUft the Others expofed their Honours 
for any prefent Temporary conveniencies, and thought them- 
felves Abfolv'd by any new Refolution of the Houfes, to 
whofe Cuftody their Honour, and Ingenuity was committed. 
The prefenc difadvantage of this Rupture was greater to the 
King's Party there, than to the other. For ( befides that many 
who concurr'd with them very frankly and lollicitouUy in the 
Neutrality, icparated themfelves from them, now there was a 
necefEty of Aaion ) diey had neither Money to raife Men, nor 
Arms to Arm them ;k) that the ftrength conlifted in tlie 
Gentlemen themfelves, and their Retinue; who, by the good 
AflFedHons of the Inhabitants of Tork^ were ftrong enough to 
fccure one another within the Walls of that Qty. Then the 
Earl of Cumherlandy in ix4iom the chief power of Command 
was to raife Men and Mone^ in a cafe cS neceflity, though he 
was a Peribn of entire devotion to the King, was id his Nature 
imadive, and utterly unexperienced in Affiurs and Exigents of 
that Nature. On 

Of the ReheUion, &c. 141 

. O t^ the other hand, the oppofite Party was firengthenVi 
and enabled by the ftrong Garrifon of HuU^ whence youn^; 
Hotham^ on all oocafions, was ready to fecond them with his 
Troop of Jt^orfe, and to take up any well Afiedied Perfon who 
was (ufp^ded to be Loyal: which drove allrefolv'd Meo 
from their Houfes into Torky where they only could be (aft. 
The Other could have what Men more they defir'd from 
Ltmbmy and both ready Money from thence to Hir//, and Qr« 
dinances to raife what they would ift the County to pay them. 
LeeJsy HmiUfaXy and Brrndford^ three very populous^ and rich 
Towns ( which depending wholely upon Clothiers too much 
malign'd the Gentry) were wholely at their dilpofitioo. 
Their Neighbours in Uncoln-Jhire were in a body to fecond 
fhem, and Sr John Gill was on the fame behalf pofle&'d of 
D^rlyy and all that County, there being none that had the 
bardmeft yet , to declare there for the King. So that, if 
S^yehm Hotham^s warinds had not kept him from being a&ve^ 
and his Pride, and Contempt of the Lord Fairfax^ upoa 
whom the Country chiefly depended, hindered him from fe- 
conding, and af&fting his Lordfhip; or if any Man had had 
the entire Command of thofe Parts , and Forces , to have 
united them, the Parliament had, with very little reGft-ance, 
been abfolute Matters of all rori-Zhir^ ; and, as ea(ily, of the 
City it felf. But their want of Union in particulars, thouf^ 
they agreed too well in the Main, gave the Kill's Pai^ 
time to breathe, and to lode about for their prefervaticni* 
Thereupon, they fent to the Earl of Nno-Cafile for Afliftancei 
offering, <4f he would march into tork-jbirf^ they would 
^^ joyn with him, and be entirely Commanded by him^ the 
£arl of Cumterland willingly offering to wave any Title to \ 


It was before remembered, that when the King left Twk^ 
be had fent the Earl of New-Cafile^ as a Perfon of great Ho- 
nour, and Iiuereff: in thofe parts, to be Govemour of Nnih 
Cafik ; and fo to fecure that Port, that the Parliament mi^ 
neither feife it, nor the Scofs be brib'd by it to come to the 
Affitbnce of their Brethren. Which Commiflion from the 
Kii^g , his LordQiip no fooner executed, without the leaft 
Homlity ( for diat Town receiv'd him with all poifible ac* y^,. 
knowledgments of the King's goodnefs in fending him) but ""^ "^ 
he was impeach'd by the Houfe of Commons of Hi^ Trear 
fon. From his going thither (which was in A»gufi) till to* 
ward the end of November ^ the Earl (pent his time in dii^ 
poGng the People dF i^orthumhrlamdy tmd the BiDioprick of 
Durham^ to the King's Service, and to a right undentanding 
of the matters in di&rence ; in the Fortifying Nnp<^/^^ 
and the River} whereby that Harbour might only be in the 

K 4. Kii^* 

%^% The Rip or y Book VI. 

King's Obedience ; in raiiing a Garrifbn for that place, and 
providing Arms for the farther advance of the King's Service. 
Then he provided for the Affiftance of his Friends in Xork- 
fisrcy whofe Condition grew every day more defperate. For 
Che Parliament, finding the inconveniencies of having no Com- 
mander in Chief in thofe parts, had caufed cheir ,Generalif- 
fimo, the Earl of Effex^ to fend a Commiflion to the Lord 
The uri tairfaxy '^ To Command all the Forces of Torkjhire^ and the 
^*J|J['* ^^^^ ^* adjaceiit Counties, in Chief j by which, in lefs time than 
^/^yyo^kl could be reafonably imagin'd, he was able to draw together 
fhxttfortke an Army of five or (ix thoufand Horfe and Foot ^ fo that York 
parliament, tn\x& prefcntly h^ve been fwallow'd up. 
The Earl of B UT, in the beginning of December ^ the Earl of New»Cafth 
New-Ca- marctfd to their Relief 5 and having left a good Garriibn in 
#lw^'' Ni?w-Caf^/ir,and fix'd fuch fmall Garrifons in his way, as might 
Sftie IZo ^^cure his CommunicaticJn with that Port, to which all his 
york. Ammunition was to be brought ; with a Body of near three 
thoufand Foot, and fix or feven hundred Horfe and Dragoons, 
without any Encounter with the Enemy (though they had 
threatened loud) he cnter'd Tork^^ having leflend the Ene- 
mies ftrength, without Blocki, both in Territories and Men. 
•For, aOR>on as he ehter'd lork-Jhire^ two Regiments raifed in 
JUchmond-Jhire^ and Cleveland^ diflblv^d of themfelves j having 
it yet in their choice to dwell at Home, or to leave their 
Houfes to new Comers. The Earl being now Mafter of the 
North as far as Tork^ thought rather of forming an Army, and 
providing Money to pay it, than of making any farther pro- 
jgrefi in the Winter^ and therefore fufiered the Lord Farrfax 
to enjoy the Southern part of that large rich County, till the 
Spring, and the improvement of his Condition, inould en- 
able him to advance : Yet few days pafs'd without blows, in 
which the Parliament Forces had ufiially the worft. 

Shortly after the Earl's coming to York^ General King 
repaired to him, whom he made Lieutenant General of his 
Army ; who, nptwithftanding the unavoidable prejudice, in 
that Conjundure, of his being a Scots-rmvi^ order'd the 
' Foot with great wifdom and dexterity ; The Charge of the 
Horfe being at the fame time committed to General Gorrtfg ^ 
who, by the Queen's favour, notwithftanding all former fail- 
ings, was recommended to that Province, and quickly ap- 
ply'd himfelf to Adlion : fo that though the Lord Fairfax 
kept Selhy, and Canjjood^ both within a fmall diftance fiom 
Yorky the Earl was abfolute Mafter of the Field. And now 
the North yielded fecure footing for thofe who had been 
unreafonably perfecuted for their Obedience to the King, the 
Queen her felf thought of remmit^ into England. 
HfiR Majefty bad, from her firft going into HoUandy deTC- 


Of the ReheUiofty &c. 145 

teiroufly endeavour'd to advance the King's Intereft, and lent 
very great quantities of Anr.s and Ammunition to Nm-Cafth 
( though, by the vigilance of the Parliament Agents in thofe 
parts, and the Power of their Ships, too much of it was in- 
tercepted) with fome conGderable Sums of Money, and good 
ftorc of Officers ; who, by the connivance of the Prince of 
Orange, came over to fervc their own King. And from this 
extraordinary care of her Majelly's, and her known grace and 
favour to the Perfon of the Earl of New-caftle, who the well 
knew had contra&ed many Enemies by the eminency of his 
devotion to the King, that Army was by the Parhament ftyfd 
the ^ufens Armyy and the Cath§lick Army, thereby to expolb 
her Majefty the more to the rude malice of the People, and 
the Army to their prejudice ^ perfwading them, " That it con- 
^ fitted of none but profefs'd rapifts^ wno intended nothinjl 
^^ but the extirpation of the Proteltants, and eftabiifhing their 
" Own Profeffion. 

About the middle of Ff^ri^^ry, the Queen took Shipping 
from Heliand, in a States-Man of War, aflign'd by the Prince 
of Orange viixh Others for her Convoy, and arrived fafely in 
Burlrngton-Bay, upon the Coaft of Tork-fhire'y where (he had Tfctfta* 
the patience to ftay on Ship-board at Anchor, the fpace of SJJS^ 
two days, till the Earl had noric^ « To draw fiich a part of^gj^jr 
^< his Forces that way, as might fecure her Landing, and waic land. 
<^on her to Tork'^ which he no fooner did (and be did it 
with all imaginable Expedition) but her Majefty came oa 
Shore ^ and, for the preient, was pleafed to reireih her felf ia 
a convenient Houfe upon the very Key, where all accommo* 
dations were made for her reception j there being many 
things of Moment to be unfliipp'd beR^re (he could rea(bnahi7 
enter upon her Journey towards Tork, 

The (econdday after the Queens Landing, Batten^ Vice- 
Admiral to the Earl of Warwick f who had waited to inter* 
cept her pafl&ge) with four of the King's Ships, arriv'd in But'- 
iington Road; and, finding that her Majdty was Landed^ 
and that (he lodged upon the Key, bringing his Ships to the 
neareft diftance, being very early in the morning, difdiarg'd 
above a hundred Cannon ( whereof many were laden with 
Grofs-bar-(hot) for the fpace of two hours upon the Houle 
where her Majefty was lodged ; whereupon Ihe was forced 
out of her Bed, fome of the fiiot making way through her own 
Chamber ; and to (helter her felf under a Bank in the opea 
Fields; which Babarous and Treafonable A£t was fo much 
the more odious, in that the Parliament never fo far took no- 
tice of it, as to difavow it. So that many believ'd it was very 
pleafing to, if not Commanded by Them : and that if the Shipg 
had encountered at Sea, they would have Idfc no hazard unrun 
to have deftroy'd her Majelty. Ths 

144 TheBflory Book VI. 

The (^een (hortly after remov'd to Tork^ and the King's 
Affiiirs proiper'd to that degree, chat, as the Earl of New-tsfth 
netdrhf had before fixed a Garrifon at Newark in N^nimghamjhirey 
£d7'fi^d A ''^^^ch kept the Forces of Lincoln from joyning entirely wi A 
Garrifon M ^hc Lofd Fairfax^ and had with great Courage beaten off a 
Newark, form'd Body of the Rebels who attempted it ^ fo he now fent 
Cbarks Cavendifly^ the younger Brother of the Earl of Dev9n- 
Jbirey with a Party Volant of Horfe and Dragoons, into Lim- 
^ eoh-Jbirey wher^ about the middle of Manhy he afTaulted 
Uranthamy a new Garrifon of the Rebels^ which he took, and 
in it above three hundred Prifoners, with all their Officers, 
Arms, and Ammunition : and, about the fame time, S' Uttgb 
CiMlmondieyy who had done very notable Service to the Par- 
liament, and oftner defeated the Earl of New-Cafilis Troops 
(though he had been in truth hurricxi to that Party, rather by 
the engagement ofSfJeim Hotham^ with whom he had long 
friendinip, than by his own inclination) than any Officer of 
tbofe parts, very frankly revolted to his Allegiance ; and wait- 
^. . log on her Majelf y for her ASiirance of his Pardon, delivered 
^d^Dond- ^ ^^^ CafUe of Scarhorougb ( a place of importance ) to the 
]eyii/mr*iKing^ the Command and Government whereof, was again 
y3m bo« bv the Earl committed to him; which he difcharg'd with 
2^ ^ Courage, and fingular Fidelity. By this means, and thofe 
'^^^^ fiicceOes, the Lord Fairfax quitted Silhy^ Cavjoody and Tad- 
taftiTf and retired to Fomfretj and Haiisfax; whereby the 
iurl was,upon the macter,po(Iels'd of that whole large County, 
'?'^*'*^and fo able to help his Neighbours. This was the State 
/)»#*/ of that part of the North which was under the Earl of JNhp- 
Lancalhire, CaftVs Commiffion : For Lawcafhire^ chejbirey and ShrofJhirCy 
chefliire, were ifl a worfe Condition; of which, and the Neighbour 
^ shrop- Counties, it will be neceffiiry in the next place to fay fomc- 
^^^^* what; and of thofe firft which lie fartheft off. 

W £ have (aid before, that when the King left Shrewsbury^ 
fmd march'd to meet the Earl ofEffixy (which he did at Edge^ 
kill) all his defigns being to come to a Battle; and the opi* 
Aion of moft, that a Battle would detem^ine all ; he was to 
«)ply all the ftrength and force he could poCIibly raife, to 
the encreaiing of his Army ; fo that he left no Garrifon behind 
fiim, but rely'd upon the Inter eft and Authority of the Lord 
ftraxge ( who was, bv the death of his Father, now Earl of 
Derfy ) to fupprefs all Commotions, and Infurred:ions, which 
might happen in the Counties of Lancafhire^ and chfjhire ; 
which his LordQiip was confident he (liould be able to do, 
and was then generally believ'd to have a greater Influence 
ppon thofe two Counties, and a more abfoluce Command over 
tjie People in them, than any SubjeS in England had, in any 
Other Quarter oS the Kingdom. The Town of Shrewsiuryy 


Of the Rebellion y Sec. . 14-jr 

and that good County, where the King had been fo prolt)erool 
( and by which the People were more encaged } he incrufted 
only to that good Spirit that then poflefs^i it, ancf to the Le- 
gal Authority of the SherifB, and luftices of the Peace. And 
it ^red in thofe Counties as in all other parts Of the fCing* 
dom, that the number of thofe who defired to (it ftilL wat 

! greater than of thofe who defir'd to engage in either rarty; 
6 that they were generally inclined to Articles of Neutrality. 
And in cb^in^ the Addve People of both fides came to thcife 
Capitulations, with as much folemnity as had been in Tvrk- 
ftfsrey and by the fame declaration of the Parliament ( fo much 
the fame, that there was no other difference but alterations of 
Names and Places ) were abfolv'd from the obfervation of 
them. And then S^ William Bmerton^ a Gentleman of a coror 
petent Fortune in that County, and Knight for that Shire in 
Parliament, but moft notorious for a known averfion to the 
Government of the Church, bringing with him from Umi^m 
a Tr6op of Horfe, and a Regiment of Dragoons, marcfa'd 
thither to protedt thofe who were of that Party, andj under 
fuch a flielter, to encourage them to appear. 

The City of o&f/?er was firm to the King, by the virtue 
of the Inhabitants, andintereft of theBiOiop, and Cathedral 
Men 'y but efpecially by the reputation, and dexterity of M^ 
O. Brid^many Son to the Bifhop, and a Lawyer of very good 
Eftimation^ who not only informed them of their duty, and 
encouraged them in it, but upon his Credit and Eftate, both 
which were very good, fupplied them with whatfoever Mrai * 
neceflary for their defence; io that they were not put to be 
Honeft and Expenfive together. But as they had no Garrifbd 
of Soldiers, fo they had no Officer of skill and experience to 
manage, an'd diredi that Courage which, at leaft, was willing 
to defend their own Walls, which they were now like to be 
put to. Therefore the King fent thither S' Nicholas Byron^ a 
Soldier of very good Command, with a Commiffion to be 
" Colonel-General of Ctefiire, and Shreffbtrf^ and to be Go^ 
*^ vcrnour of chefteri who being a Perfon of great affability^ 
and dexterity, as well as Martial knowledge, gave great Life 
to the defigns of the well aSe^ed there; and, with the en- 
couragement of fome Gentlemen of Nordi Walesy in a Ihort 
time raifed fuch a power of Horfe and Foot, as made often 
Skirmilhes with the Enemy ; fometimes with notable advan* 
tage, never with any fignal lofs. S^WlUam BruertmtfoxiiffA 
Nantwitch^ as the Kin^s Party did Chefier j firom which Gti^' 
rifons, containing both their Forces, they contended which 
fhould mofi; prevail upon, that is moft fubduc, the Afiedlions 
of the County, to declare for, and joyn with them. But the 
fiur expedacion of d>^n was Clouded by the Storms that 


%^6 TheHi/iory Book VI. 

troTe m Lmte^i/bir^y^whexe Men of no Name, and contemn'd 
Intereft, by. thig mccr credit of the Parliament, andfrenTJy of 
the Peopl^ on a fuddain fnatch'd that large and populous 
County, from their Devotion to die Earl of Der^y. 

The Town of Manchejhr hzA^ from the beginning f out 
o^ that fadlious humour which poflefs'd moft Corporations, 
and the Pride df their Wealth) oppofed the King, and declar'd 
Magiftehally for the Parliament. But as a great part of the 
County confided of Papiits, of whofe Infurredtions they had 
xnade iuch ufe in the beginning of the Parliament, when they 
bad a mind to Alarm the People with dangers ; fo it was 
confidently bcliev'd, thiat there was not one Man of ten 
throughout that County, who meant not to be Dutiful, and 
Loyal to the King: yet the rcftlefs Spirit of the Seditious Party 
was fo fedulous, anci induftrious, and every one of the Party 
io ready to be engaged, and pundtually to obey; and, onxhe 
other hand, the £arl of DerSy fo unadtive, and fo uncom- 
plying with thofe who were fuller of alacrity , and woqld 
iiave proceeded more vigorouQy againft the Enemy; or, 
through want of experience fo irrefolute, that initead of coun- 
tenancing the King's Party in Ch^hirej which was expeded 
from him, the Earl infen&bly, found Lancafhire to be almolt 
poQefs^d againft him : the Rebels, every day, gaining;, and 
fortifying all the ftrong Towns, and furpKzing his Troops, 
without any conGderable Encounter. And yet, fo hard was 
Che King's Condition, that though he knew thofe great miif- 
fbrtunes proceeded from want of Condudt, and of a vigorous 
and expert Commander, he thought it not fafe to maKe any 
alteration, left that Earl might be provoked, out ofdifdainto 
have any Superior in Lancanflnre^ to manifeft how much he 
could do againft him, though it appear'd he could do little 
for him. Yet it was eafily difcem d, that his Ancient Power 
there depended more upon the Fear, than Love of the Peo- 
ple^ there being very many, now in this time of Liberty, en- 
caging themfelves againft the King, that they might not be 
iubjedt to that Lord^s Commands. 

However, the King committing Lancafhire ftill to his 
Lordfhip's care (whofe Fidelity, without doubt, was blame- 
left, whatever his Skill was) he fent the Lord Ojye/ to 5i&rfa^ 
A»nr, with a Commiffion of " Lieutenant General of Shrof- 
^^Joiriy chejbirey and North Wales i who, being a Pcrfon of 
great Fortune, and Honour, quicKly inga^ed thofe parts in 
a chearful Aflbciation^ and raifed a Body of Horfe and Foot, 
that gave Sr Wdiiam Bruerton fo much trouble at Nantwitcb 
riiat the Garrifon at chefier had breath to enlarge it's Quar- 
ters, and to provide for it's own fecurity; though the Ene- 
my omitted no opportunity of infefting them, and gave them 

The Hifiory Book VI. 

into hticifitr. Deriy-ftnrey without any vifible Party in it for 
Uie King, was uod^r the power of S** J^hu Gel/y who had for- 
tified Dtrif. And all thefe Couoties, with Stafford-Jhirey were 
united in an Aflbciation againit the King under the Command 
of Che Lord BroQk ^ who was, by the Earl of E/fex^ made Ge- 
neral of that Aflbciation ^ a Man cordially Dilafieded to the 
Government of the Church, and upon whom that Party had 
a great dependence. This Aflbciation receiv'd no other In- 
Cerruption from, or for the King, than what Colonel HMjhngs 

Eve } who, being a vounger Son to the Larl of HuntingtoMj 
d appeared eniinaoxly for the King from the beginning; 
having raifed a good Troop of Horfe with the firit, and, in 
the b^d thereof charged at Edge^hiU. 

After the King was fettled at Oxford^ Colonel HafthtgSj 
with his own Troop of Horfe only, and fome Oflkers which 
be eifiiv gathered together, went with aCommiflion into JLfi- 
tfj/ffr^/&rf ^ Of Colonel General of that County^and fix'd him- 
lelf at 4fbfy de U Zoucby the Houfe of the Earl of Huntm^ony 
bis Father, who was then living; which he prefently fortihed; 
and, in a very Ihorc time, by his Intereft there, raifed fo good 
a Panv of Horfe iuid Foot, that he maintain'd n^any Skirmifbes 
with tne Lord Grey : the King's Service being the more ad* 
vanced there, by the notable Animofities between the two Fa- 
milies of HMi/Mrg/tf» and SUmferd'y between whom the Coun- 
ty was divided paflionateljr enough, without any other Quar- 
m. And now the Sons fought the Publick Quarrel, with 
dieir Private Spirit and Indignation. But the King had the ad- 
vantage in His Champion, the Lord Grey being a young Man 
dF no eminent parts, and only backed with the Credit and 
Authority of the Parliament: whereas Colonel HaftmgSy 
though a younger Brother, by his perfonal reputation, had 
fupported his nimily ; and, by the intereft of it, and the Af- 
leoion that People bore to him, brought, no doubt, an ad- 
dition of Power to the very Caufe. Infomuch as he not only 
defoQyded himfelf againft the Forces of the Parliament in Lei* 
cefter-flyirejbixt difquieted Sr John Geil'm Derhy-JhtrCy and fixed 
fomc convenient Garrifons in Staffordjhire. 

A BOUT the fame time, fome Gentlemen of that County, 
rather well afic&ed than experienced, before they were well 
enough provided to - go through their work, feifed on the 
Qofe in Uchfieid for the King , a place naturally itrong, and 
defended with a Mote, and a very high and thick Wall ^ 
which in the Infancy of the War was thought a good Forti- 
fication* To fupprefs this growing Force, within the limits 
of his Aflbciation, the Lord Brook advanced with a form'd 
Body of Horfe, Foot, and Cannon ; part drawn from the Earl 
^Bikt% Ansy, and the reft ouc of the Garrifons (rf Ovmm 


Of the RsleUtony &c. 149 

, and Wmriek; and without any reGftance, entered the 

icy of Jjcbjbidi which, being unfortified, was open to all 
Comers. Tiie Number in the Clofe was not great, nor their 
Provifions fiich af fhould have been, and verv well ini^c 
have beoi, niide; (b that he ooade no doubt of being fpeedily 
Mafter of it; S' J^bn GeB having brought up a good addi-^^i^^ 
tion of (trengch to him from Der^, He was fo fir from ap- ?'^^ fi^ 
prehending any danger from tlje befiegcd, that himfelf lodrd %tcSb€^ 
m a Houfe within Mufquet-Qiot of the Clofe ; where, mtdrst 9f 
very day he meant to aOault it, fitting in his Chamber^ and tkh&tdt 
tte Window open, he was, from the wall of the Clofe, hf^^V' 
a Common Soldier , Ihot with a Mufquet in the Eye j of ^J^T*J^ 
which he inltanrly died without fpeaking a word. johnGeU. 

There were many difcourfes and obTervations upon Ms 
death, that it fhould be upon Sc ctad'a day ( being the fe^ 
cond day of March) by whofe Name, he being a Bifhoj^ 
fhortly after the planting of Chriftianity in this ifland, thae 
Church had been anciently call'd. And it was reported, that 
in his Prayer, that very Morning ( for he ufed to pray pub- 
lickly though his Chaplain were in the prefence) he wilh'd, 
«* That if the Caufe he were in, were not right and jult, he 
** might be prefently cut ofK They who were acquainted 
with him, believ'd him to be well natur'd, and juft; and 
rather feduced, and corrupted in his underffainding, than per- 
verfe and malicious. Whether his PaflSons or Confcience 
fwayed him, he was undoubtedly one of thofe who could have 
been with moft difficulty reconciled to the Government of 
Church or State ^ and therefore his death was look'd upon 
as no ill Omen to Peace, and was exceedingly lamented bf 
His Party ^ which had fcarce a more abfolute confidence in 
any Man than in Him. However, it brought not that relief 
to the befifeged in the Clofe as was believ'd it would y for the 
fame Forces, under S' John Gelly proceeded fb vigoroufly io 
the work, and they Within fo faintly, and unskilfully, that 
without any of that diftrefs which Men thought it mi^ 
bear, and which it did, within a fliort time after, bear againffc 
the King, the place was yielded without other conditions than 
of Quarter J by which many Perfons became Prifoners, of too 
good Quality to have their Names remembered. 

B Y this pirixe, the Spirits of that Party were much exalted, 
and the King's Party in thofe parts as much call down. Yet 
fome Gentlemen betook themfelves to the Town of Staffml^ StiUbrd 
and having too much dedar'd for the King, when they thoi^^ Odnifim'd 
Lichfield would have been of ftrength to fecure them, ^o^^^T*^ 
hope to live unhurt at their Houfes, refolv'd to defend tiM/^^^^ 
place ; againfl which S' Jchn Gell drew his late flefh'd Troops. jy»^. 
But the Earl of Nerthamfton ( who intended the relief of 


I JO The Biftory Book VI. 

licbfieUy if they had Had any patience to expert it) with » 
ftrong Party of Horfe, and Dragoons, from his Carrifon of 
Bsmkuty^ came ieafonably to their Succour, and put him&lf 
into the Town ^ and, the fame Night, beat up a Quarter of 
the £nemies, in which he lall'd and toolc above an hundred 
, of their Horie. S"^ John Gell retir'd £o far as to meet with 
Sc Willism Bruerton^ who, from Nantijicby wa3 coming to 
joyn with him for the fubduing of Stafford^ and, having 
<ione that, refolv'd to march in a Body for the clearing the 
Otiier Counties. When they were joyn'd, being near three 
thou(and Foot, and Horfe, with a good Train of Artillery^ 
tbey moved back towards Sfafordy imagining the Earl of 
Northampton would meet them without the Walls : and it 
£> fell out ; for the Earl no fooner heard that the Rebels 
were drawing towards the Town, but he drew out his Partv 
to encounter them ; imagining it could be only Gell, who& 
Numbers he underilood, and whofe Courage he much ui>- 

It was on a Sunday, about the middle of March j when, in 
the afternoon, he march'd out of Stafford-, his Party con- 
fitting of Horfe, and Dragoons , and fome few Foot , the 
whole Number being under one thoufand, and found the 
Enemy, in very good Order, expelling them upon a place 
caird tlopton-Htzthy fome two Miles from Stafford. Though 
Ae Number was more than double to the Karl's, yet the 
Heath feeming very foir, the breadth of it being more than 
Mufquet-fhot from Enclofure on each fide, and the number of 
his Horfe being at leaft equal to the orhcr , be refolv'd to 
charge them^ and accordingly Did, with fo good fuccefs, 
that he totally routed that part of their Horfe j and, rallying 
again his Men , he Charg'd the other part of their Horfe, 
which flood more in fhclter of their Foot j and fo totally rout- 
ed, and difperfed them, that the Enemy had fcarce a Horfe 
kft upon the Field ^ and took likewife from them eight pieces 
of Omnon. 

In this fecond Charge the Earl of Northampton being en- 
. gaged in the execution, very near, or among their Foot, had 
his Horfe killed under him. So that his own Horfe (accord- 
ing to their unhappy pradice) with too much fury purfuing 
the Chafe, he was left encompafs'd by his Enemies. What 
His behaviour was afterwards, and Their Carriage towards 
Him, can be known only by the Teltimony of the Rebels ; 
who confefs'd, that after he was on his feet, he kill'd with his 
own hand the Colonel of Foot 'who made firft hafle to him j 
tnd that after his head-piece was frricken off with the Buc- 
cnd of a Mufquet, they ofier'd him Quarter; which, they 
fityj he refiis'd^ anfwering, <^ That he (corn'd to take Charter 


Of the kehellton^ &c. tft 

^ from fuch baTe Rogue% and Rebels, as They were. A(t^ n* Esri of 
which, he was flain by % blow with a Halberc on the hinder ^o^^^^p- 
rilrt of his Head,^ receiving, at the fame time, another de»"^:?*il . 
wound in his Face, ; tUstb n^t 

All this time the Enemies Foot ftood, which (after their sttfibrd, 
Horfe were difytxkd) Sr Thomas Byr$n^ who Commanded ^'vw^/i:/! 
the Prince of Waki's Regiment, a Gentleman of great Cou-^^^^ . 
rage, and of very good Condud, Charg'd with good execution^ tlfj-^ ^^^ 
But the Night came on apace, and the Field which tbtf o^Jfid himi 
thought fo &ir, was found foil of Coal-pits, and Holes daHf 
serous for their Horfe j fo that they thou^t fit to forbear 
ftrther Adlion, till they might have the Morning's li^t) 
and flood all that Night in the Field. When th^ Momtng 
appear'd, there was no enemy to be feen. For adbon as tha 
Fight ended, and the Night drew on, that they were lam 
perceiv'd, they had left the Field, in hope chat their icatter'd 
Horfe would find them in Quarters more remote from chti 
danger. The Victorious Party Was fo harrafled with duty ^ 
andtir'd with the Fight, focaltdown with thelo6 oftheiff 
General, and fo deftitute of Officers to Dire^ and Command^ 
what was next to be done fFor the Lord Compttmi the Earl'k 
elded Son, had received a (hot in the Leg ^ br Thomas Byrod 
a fhot in the Thig^, whereby they were n<^ able to keep thej 
Fields and many other Officers hurt) thilt they retir'd i^re*^' 
frefh themfelves at Stafford^ after they had men the Spoil 
of the Field and bury'd their Dead. 

In this Fight, which was (harp, and (hort^ there werd 
kiU'cL tod taken Prifoners, of the Pirliament Party, above 
two hundred, and more than that nutnber bounded. Fof| 
the Horfe Charging among their Foot, more were hurt than 
kill'd. Eight pieces of their Gannon, and Hooft of their Attn 
munition was likewife taken. Of the Earl's Party wereflais 
but five and twenty, whereof there were two Captains, 6xtnt 
inferior Officers, and the reft Cotnmon Men : hut tbere^ertf 
as many hurt, and thofe of tht Chief Officers. They who had 
all the Enfigi^ of Vidtory, but their General^ thoi^hC tbeoak 
felves undone; whilft the other fide, Who had eft»ed in thii^ 
Night, and made a hard (hift to carry bis dead wdy WitH 
them, hardly believ'd they Were lofers : 

• . ' 
£/, *uiUa ajuaU bellatumfirtifmjjsii 
cdfofonii cum cls/fe vkum '-^'^'^ - 

The truth is, % greater Vifiiory had beeix. aa unequal re- 
compence for fuch a ]ob. He was a Perfoii; cf great Courage^i^v^iiif^^ . 
Honour, and Fidelity, anct not well known till his Evening ;^<i^* 
having, in the Eafe^ aiKi Plmity^ tod Ltcsury <if tiM t^htpfff 

Vol 11. Part f. L timei 

tSt The Hiftory Book VI. 

timey indulged to bimrelf, with that Licence which was then 
thought ncce(&ry to great Fortunes : but from the begiooio^ 
of thefe DiftraftioQs, as if he had been awaken'd out of the 
Lethargy, he never proceeded with a luke-warm Temper. Be« 
fore the Standard was fet up, he appear'd in Warwkk*fl)irt 
dgainft the Lord Brooky and as much upon his own Reputa- 
^tion as the luftice of the Caufe (which was not fo well then 
underftpod) difcountenanced , and drove him out of that 
. County. Afterwards he took the Ordnance from Banbury * 
CafUe, and brought them to the Kir^. Aflbon as an Army 
was to be raifed, he Levied, with the firft, upon his own 
charge, a Troop of Horfe, and a Regiment of Foot, and 
(not UKe fome other Men, who warily diitributed their Fa- 
mily to both fides, one Son to ferve the King, whilft his Fa- 
ther, or another Son, engag'd as ftr for the Parliament) en- 
tirely dedicated all his Children to the Quarrel ^ having four 
Sons OfGcers under him, whereof three Charged that day 
in Che Field : And from the time he fubmitted himfelf t6 
the profeffion of a Soldier, no Man more pundual upon 
Command^ no Man more diligent and vigilant in Duty. All 
diftrefles he hfxt like a Common Man^ and all wants, and 
hardnefles, as if he had never known plenty, or eafe^ moft 
prodigal of his Perfon to danger; and would often iay, 
^ That if he out-liv*d thefe Wiars, he was certain never to 
^have fo noble a death. So that it is not to be wonder'd, 
if, upon fuch a flroke, the Body that felt it, thought it had 
1^ more than a limb. 

AssooN as it was known where the Enemy reded after 
their Retreat, the Young Earl of Northampton fent a Trum- 
pet to S^ John Geliy to defire the Bodv of his Father, that he 
might give it fuch decent burial as oecame him. Gell and 
Brnerton^ joyi^tly, by Letter, demanded, <^ In exchange for 
^ the dead Body, all their Ammunition, Prifoners, and Can- 
^non, they had lo(t at the Battle; which demands being fo 
unreafonable^ and againft the Law of Arms, the Earl lent 
again to them^ to ddSre, <^ That if they would not return the 
*<Corps, that his Chirurgeon niight have leave to Embalm 
^it, whereby it might be prcferv'd to receive thefe Rites, 
*< when they (hould be willing to gratify him, which he pre- 
^iiim'd, upon more difpaflionate thoughts, they would be. 
Their Aniwer to this was as unreaibnable as the other, 
<^ That they would neither fend the Body, not permit his 
^^Chirurgeons to come to Embalm it; prddiming, it is pro- 
ne Stsie f/bable, that the Piety of the Son would have prevsul'd to have 
fb9 Prhci-^ chdr unheard-of Fropofitions compl/d with. 
l^*fJf •/ And fo Wefliali, for thcpreient, leave thefe parts, and 
^%^. vifitthel^indpaUtyofj^i^xiitfwhicb^bitha 

. * ~ faatb 

Of the, Rehellion, &<i. i^i 

hath been £ud : and .from the Aflfeftion whereof, the King 
had, from the oeginning , a veiy great benefit^ it having 
iupply'd him with three or four good Regiments of Foot, in* 
which many of their Gentry were engaged, before the Battle 
of Edte-til/. 

' I T hadi been before rernember'd, that the Marquis of Bnt^ . 
ford drew with him out of iVmks , and brought to Oxford' 
about ChrifimM hear two thoufand Men^ leaving Walef 
guarded only with the Courage and Fidelity of the Genrry, 
and Inhabitants. After that, North WaUs lying moft con- 
venient to back ChefieTy and Shrewsburyy which places, whilft 
the£nemy was Mailer of the Field, received their chief fup-^ 
plies of Men and ProviQons from thence; the King always' 
put it under the Government of thofe to whom he committed 
thofc parts. South Wales which is much the larger, and^^^ 
richer part of that Dominion, he committed to the charge of 2*^'J*J^'^ 
the Lord Hertert^ eldeft Son to the Marquis of WorceJfer^Earl 9f 
whom he made his Lieutenant General, adding Monmoutb- worce&er 
finre to his Cbmmiffion. w^ ^m^ 

There were, in the opinion of many, great objeaions^Jjj**' 
againft committing that Employment to that Noble Lord, 
whofe Ferfon many Men lov'd, and very few hated. FirlL 
he had no knowledgje, or experience in the Martial Profel^ 
fion ; then his Religion, being of that fort of Catholicks thci 
People rendered odious, by accufing it to be moft Jefuited, 
Men apprehended would not only produce a greater brand 
upon tne King of favouring Papifts and Popery, than he had 
been yet reproached with ( for, though he had fome Papifts ^ 
entertain'd in his Armies, yet all Men trufted by him in Su« ' 

Krior Commands, were Men of unblemifh'd Integrity in the 
oteftant Religion: and in all his Armies, he had but ond 
General Officer, of the contrary Religion, S' Arthur Afi$n^ 
whom the Papifts notwithftancung would not acknowledge 
for a Papift) This gave opportunity and excufe to many 
Perfons of Qu^ity, and great Intereft in thofe Counties (be-> 
tween whom and that Lord's Family, there had been perpe^ 
tuai Feuds and Animofities ) to leflen their Zeal to the King's 
Caufe, out of jealoufy of the others Religion^ and thofe 
Conteftations had been lately iroprov'd with fome (harpnef5|^ 
by the Lord Htrherfs Carriage towards the Lord Marquis or 
Hertford^ during the time of nis Refidence there,* when, out' 
of vanity to magnifie his own Power, he had not fliew'd that 
due regard to that of the other which he (hould have had. 
And no doubt, if he had been of that mind, it Would much 
tnore have advanced the King's Service, if he would have con* 
cributed his foil Affiftance to another. Who more Popularly 
mig^t have bom the Title of fuch a Command* 

L% BtTT 

tf^ TheHiftory BookVT. 

But ontheotIier|fidCythenece(&tyofdiQ)olk^ 
(Svjkled from . t^ie ie(l ot the Kingdom, under the Ccmomand 
of (bme Perfon of Honour and Intereft, was verv vifiblej and 
the expedition in doing it was as neceflary ^ the FarUamenfi 
being poflels'd of Ghcener^ and Briftol^ and fb having fudi 
an imaence upon the Trade and Livelyhood of that Peopl^ 
by cheir abiblute Command of the Severn^ that excepc there 
were extraordinary care of keeping them y they would be 
quickly loft. Behdcs that, at the. ume time, there was diC* 
a:rurfe, ia the Hou£bs, << Of fending the £arl otPemir^ke tU* 
^ ther, whofe Eftate was very great in thofe parts, and his 
Repuution equal. The Parliament haid already fuch footing 
in Pemiroke^ir0y that many 6f the principal Gentlemen had 
declared for Them ^ and the Harbour of Mitfcrd-Hxven gave 
their Fleet opportunity to give them all fiipplies, and raie£ 
This being the State of thofe parts, the Lord H^riert not 
only o£fer'd, but deCr'd to receive that Commmand^ and en^ 
gaged himfelf, <<Not only to fecure it from the OppoQtion, 
^and Malignity of the other Party, bur, before the Springy 
^ to raife iuch a ftrengdi of Horu^ and Foot, and to pro- 
^^ vide fuch an Equipage to march with, that might reduce 
^^Ghiefier^ and be then added to the King's Army, when he 
^ihould be ready to take the Field ^ and all this fo mucti 
at his own charee ( for his Father , wh6 was well able ^ 
would furnifil Money, as was pretended, upon the King's 
(h-omife to repay him, when he Ihould be reftor'd to his own) 
^^ that he would receive no part of the King's Revenue, or 
^^ of fuch Money, a^ his Majeity could be able to draw for 
f^theCuppIy of his own more immediate occasions. 

This was a very great ofier, and fuch as no Man elie 
could fo reafonably make. For the Marquis oflV^rceftir was 
generally reputed the greateft Mony'd Man of the Kingdom ; 
ajid, probably, might not think it an unthrifty thing, rather 
to disburfe it for the King, who might be able to repay it, 
than to have it taken from him by the other PartVj which 
would be liardly queftionable if They prevailed. The Lord 
Heriert himfelf was a Man of more than ordinary Aflfedlioa 
and R(?verence to the Perfon cf the King, and one, who, 
he was {lire, would neither deceive nor betray him. For his 
Religion, it might work upon Himfclf, but could not difquiet 
other Men. For though he were a Fapift, he was never like 
to make others (o ^ and his Reputation and Interefl: was very 
great with: many Qentlemen of thofe Counties, who were 
not at all friends to his Religion, it was not podible to em« 
ploy any Per(ba of Intereft, and Power in thofe parts (and 
there were many objecSions from the Nai^ure, and Manners 
of that People, ^gauift a mecr Stranger) agaioil whom there 

- . would 

Of the Rebellion, &c. "i^*^ 

f«FoiiU notbe IbflM Fa£lx>n, and AmmoGcy; for the EtnvSiL* 
tions, ftod Diflentkm between Families was geaeral and od- 
torious : «nd therefore it would be bed to cfaoofe fuch a on^ 
Hvho WiS like to have a greater Fadion for him. than agatnft 
bim. And it was to be hoped that the old Grudges, and 
Prejudices, which had been rather againft the Houfe ot W^ 
affin\ and the PopHh Religion profefled there ; than againft 
106 Perfon of this Lord, would have been compofed , and 
dedin'd by his fair and gentle Carriage towards all Men ( w^ 
in truth he was of a civil, and obliging Nature ) and by the 
publick-hc^artednefe of thofe, who, for tiie Caufe, and Gofi- 
icienoe (ake, would, it was hoped. Sacrifice all trivial and 

Sivate Contentions to a Union that tnuft vindicate the 
digion, Honour, and Juftice of the Kingdom. 
Upon thefe reafon^^ and tfaefe prefumptions, the Kiqe 

Knted fuch a Commiffion, as is before mention'd to tw 
rd Heriert^ who with more expedition than was expeft* 
ed fey many, or by others belicvM poflible, raifed a Body <*2lJ^f^ . 
above fifteen hundred Foot, and ne^it €rve hundred Horl^ iS^to 
very well and fufficiently Arm'd j which increafed the mcnt JJ/^JJ^/ 
of the Service. 

T H E Horfe he put under the Command of his Brother, thf 
Loid J0in Scmerfity fl maiden Soldier too $ and die Foot un^ 
der Colonel I>ttf/(E>^, whom he made his Major General, i 
bold and « fprightly OflBcer. About ttie middle of Fehuary 
he maich'd towards Glotefhr^ with annU Omen at his fectiim 
out^ for a Rabble of the Country People being got togethef^ 
without Order, or Oflicer of Natne, Barrjcadoed a little Vil- 
lage in the Forreft c>f Dem^y <:aird <»ver ( tihtough which file 
was to pafs) and refiiTed to give him entrance ; and out of ^ 
Window kiird Colonel Lewij^ and two Officers more, with^ 
out httrting a Gommbn Sokiicr ; whercfcy that Body ir/ts dei. 
(Htuteofany Perfon of Experience to <Jtommand them. How* 
ever Ae Lord Htrierty who was bwiifelffeldom with fai$ 
Forces, ftiortly afcw placed Colonel tireft in ftiat CommandJ 

kce, within l^s thaii half a Mile of Qfer^^. Api by that 
means, there being only a tertg Bridge oyer the Severn. W 
which Men could cotoc out or go in to Qhceftety he niHy 
Blocl^d up the Town on that fide, expefling that Prince Mmh 
rke from Cirencefier^ fliould take equal care to diftrefs it onth^ 
other; which he did toa good degree. 

B<fT Sr miliam pFamrj,,mth a liriit Party of Horfe,and 
Djplgoons, near two tho*ufeiid, from the Earf ifBffhs's Army, 
had made Ji mtck mardb Hhiou^ mtt-Jbhe ( aicer his taking 

La <» 

%fS ■' The HiftoTf "Book VI. 

SjSckbefiir ) and taking, with little lofs and» trouble, a linaH 
iGarrifon of the King's, confiding of about fix or fevenTcore 
tkt Malmshuryy before it was fortified, or provided, made a 
face of looking towards tirencefteri where when he found be 
was expe<%ed, by a fuddain Night March, in which he was very 
.dexterous and lucceftful, he polled to the River Seventy fix 
Miles Weft oSGlocefier^ firom whence he had appointed ma.- 
oy flat Boats to meet him; and in them, in the light day, 
the Guard of the River being either Treacheroufiy, or Sot- 
^Qily negleded by the Lord Ibrterfs Forces, Transported his 
whoje Body, which, upon the advantage of that Pafs, might 
have been refifted by a few Men. Hereupon the Confterna- 
tion was fo great among the new Weijh Soldiers, very few of 
their Officers having ever feen an Enemy, that though their 
Works were too gooid to be enter'd by Horfe^ and Drago<His ; 
•though the Avenues were but narrow, in all which they had 
^ .^ , Cannon planted, and their Numbers very near, if not fiiUy. 

f'^jm. equal to the Enemy ; upon the advance of S^ Wi^Um WaUer 
MswiiKt^.upon them, without giving, or receiving blow, they fairly 
}md iuusj^ tent out to Treat 9. and as kindly deliver'd up Themfelves, 
and their Arms, upon the fingle grant of Quarter : A Sub* 
{ntffion fo like a Stratagem, thsx the Enemy could hardly truft 
it. Yet, in the end, they znade a fhift to put near thirteen hun* 
jdred Foot, and three Troops of Horfe, Prifoners into Gio' 
HfiiTy the Lord HerSerf himielf being at that time at Oxford^ 
ind the Lord Je>lm Semtfit with three or four Troops at a fafe 
jdifhnce from the reft. 

This was the end of that Mu(hroom-Army, which grew 
up and periih'd fo foon, that the lois of it was fcarce appre- 
hended at Oxford^ becaufe the Strength, or rather the Num« 
ber, was not underftood. But if the Money, which was laid 
out in Raifing, Armine. and Paying tiuit Bodv of Men, which 
never advanced the King's Service in the leaft degree, had 
))een brought into the King's Recjeipt at Oxford^ to have been 
imploy'd to the moft advantage^ I am perfwaded the War 
tnight have been ended the next Summer. For 1 have heard 
fbe Lord BerSert fay, ^^ That thofe preparations, and the other, 
f ^ Whjch by that Defeit were roider^d ufelefs, coft above three- 
^^Jcorp thoufand pounds; whereof, though much came from 
^e Marquises jCofiers, yet, no doubt^ the general Contribu- 
tions from th^ pa^hplicKS made a good part : and very confi- 
derable §ums were nxeiv'd by him of the King's Revenue 
upon VVardfhifw, and other ways : for it was a common pra- 
ctice in thoie times', for ^en taget into Employments upjoa 
pjTomifes, that they would npt do this or that, without which 
nobody elfe woulcl undert$l(ie thjU Service^ and bein^, up- 
pOi thofe term^ r^ceivU ipto itj they immediately flid the. 


Of the RiBheUiotty &c i^ 

other^becaure no odier Man would do the Service without it. 

The fame of this prodigious Victory fo fubdued all thpfe 
parts, that Sr M^tUiam Waller^ with the fame fpirit of celerity^ 
and attended with the fime Succefs, flew to Hereford ; and 
though a walled Town, and replenilli'd with aQarrifon, had^^'^-Wall- 
That likewife delivered to htm Upon the .feme terms as thcjJJ^^^ 
other was^ and from thence (being with more confidence Tewkef- 
refufed to be admitted into Wercefier^ than he thought rei<^buiy : hth 
fonable to require it ) pafc'd to Tewkeshury j which he like* "^»«* *• 
wife (iirprifed, being newly Garrifon'd ; his motion being ^^^^^ 
quick, that though Prince Maurice attended him with all pOt ' 
fihle diligence , he could never farther engage hipi than ia 
light Skirmifhes; and, having taken this.progrds, returid'd 
fafe to Glocefter-^ and from thence to the Earipf Effes^s Ar« 
my ; having made no other ufe of bis Conquers, th^ the diOuH 
nouring fomany places, which had fo quietly, yielded to him j 
into which ( for he fixed no one Garrifon ) the King's Forces 
imtnediately enter'd again. So that his Majefty's Quarters 
con^inu^d the farne they were, harafled only, and difcounte- 
iianced, nothing flreighten'd by this Incurfion ^ and the hoxd 
Herbert again intended new Levies. 

Having now, with as much cleamefs as I could, reme^w lu State •/ 
ber'd the true State of the King's Affiiirs, and the coiulition of Iceland 4$ 
the Kingdom, at the end of this year 1641, with which I i*-|[^'J5* 
tendto conclude this fixthBook^ Ifliall, before 1 return to||^^^^ 
OxfirJy to conclude the year, briefly call to remembrance the 4<^«r«)iM 
di&onfolate State oiJrelandr^ of which, advantage was alwaya^^«M» tif 
taken againft the King, to render him odious to the Peopley^''<f ^^ 
as tfhe countenanced, at leafi: not fufficiently abhorr'dji ^^^^^ tuu^hm. 
wicked, and unnatural Rebellion. And this Imputation wai 
with fo great Art infinuated,. that it got credit widiniany; 
infomucb as I have heard fome, who could make no otber ' 
Excufe for adhering to the Parliament, fay, ** They were per- 
^fwadedthat the Kingfavour'd thofe Rebels; which, they 
^id, ^^ Could not be without fome defign upon the Religion, 
^^ Liberty^ and Profperity of JS^lavd. Whereas 1 can aver 
truly, upon as good grounds, as ever any Man fpoke the heart ' 

of another, that the King alwa/s look'd upon ic, as the nu>ft 
groundlefs, bloody, and wicked Rebellion, that ever pofleis'd 
the Spirits of that People ; and was not more griey'd at anjf 
one circumfhmce of tne Domeftick diftradtions, than, as it 
hinder'd him from chaftifing, and taking Vengeance upon the 
Other : which from his Soulhe defir'd. 

B u T in this difcourfe of Ireland^ it cannot be. expedled, 
that I (hould, neither do I intend to mention all the memor- 
able Adions (in which were great Infbmces of God's own 
deteftation of thofe inhuman Rebels, by theiignal Vi^ries be 

L 4 gave 

is9 TbeH'tftory Book VI. 

ftyt ag^uEift them) or the other Tnn&Oions within diat 
lun^dcSn; but ihailrem^iDbar no more of that bufinefi^ than 
Imd immediate reference t6, and dependence on, the dimence 
^eween the Kii^ and the two Houfes of Parliament. 

It is bid before, that when the firft vifible rupture was 
declared between them, which was in die bufineis of Hull 
j^hich the King underftood to foe a dired: levying of War 
ilgaioft him) in the Froteltacion made by his Majefty, << That 
' '^he would no farther treat, or concur with them, in any k&,i 
, ••nropofed by them, till he firft received reparation, or (atif- 
^ndhoniii that particular^ he always excepted whatfliould 
fny way concern Ireland: in which he ofier'd to confent to 
vrE^tToever mi^t reafonably ccmduce to the reducing thofe 
Hebels, and di(L after that, concur in fome Propofitions of 
that Nature. Yet it is certain that, from that time, the two 
Houfes were b bu^ in preparing die War for Eugland^ that 
ifiey did very little prepare for the War of Ireland i fave only 
*^7 tome fmall fupphes of Money and Provifions. The King 

' '^ ^ to them, ^ The employing the Monies, raifed, by 
of Parliament, for the prefervation and redu&ion of 
^^ Ireland^ with a ipecial daufe that the fame (hould not be di« 
f^ verted to anv other ufe whatfoever, in the fiipporting the 
^Unnamral War, and Rebellion againft his Majelty ; particn- 
^kfly one hundred thoufand pounds at one time ; mi that 
f^manv Soldiers raifed under pretence of being fent into Jr#- 
^iamf^ were, contrary to their expedation ami engagement, 
^forced to fiure under the Earl of Effex againit the King ; of 
iMiich, ht mmeiyS^ FMtbfnlFerteJcue's Regiment of Horfe, 
Sind thp Lxxd:1Vharton\ and the Lord Kerrf^ Regiment of 

< To this tjhey anfwer'd, " That albeit they had, upon the 
f^urgerft occanons of this Kingdom, ibmetimes made ufe of 
^'Monies raife()^ 4nd colled?ed for Ireland y yet that they had 
^ in due time repaid it, and that the other Affairs had never 
^fiiSer'd by the Loan : And for the Men, that it proceed* 
*^ed from his Majefty's own default; for after they had 
^raifed them, with a ierious intention to fend them into Ire^ 
^ tandy under the Command of the Lord Wharton^ the King 
^ refufed to grant a Commiffion to him to tranfporc them, and 
^ fe they Had been compell'd to ufe them in oieir own Ser- ^ 
** vice here. 

Th^ KjngrepKed, "That it appeared, they had diverted 
*' that Money to other Ufes than mok for which it wisis pro- 
^ vided ; which was manifeftly ualawftil j and that it did not 
•appear diey had ^ain reimburfed it, becaufe very little ftip- 
^' ply waa fent thither, and very much wanted : and for the 
P ^Idters, that They^ nrft levied cbem> widiout bis^ Majefty's 


Of the ReielRon, &c. 1^9 

^ leave; which they had always before askfci, fiv their other 
^ Levies ; and being levied, they defir^d a Commiffioa for 
<<che IsxdWhartam to command them abfolutely, witl^out 
^^any deoindence upon the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland ^ 
<^ which nad been never heard of, and which his M^^efty re<<> 
<<fured; but cflfer'd fuch a Commiffion as Was granted to ' 
<* other Men* 

O N the other hand, they obje<^d to the King, << The feii» 
mg fome Gait-Horfes at Chefi$r^ provided for the Train of 
<< Artillery for IreUndy that bis r orces had taken many 
^< Cloaths, and Provifions, on the Road^ which were going 
^ to Cb^iT to be tranfported thither for the relief of the Sq1-» 
^^diers; and that he entertain'd, and countenanced Men ia 
<^ his Court, which were Favourers or A<^ors inthacRebei* 
lion : naming the Lord Vifcount oMiloey and the Lord Tafff^ 
iriiich gave great umbrage to thoie who were well aflfedfted^ 
and as great encouragement to the Rebels there. ... 

To the firft, the King cooiefs'd, ^ He found about fixfcore 
^Horfes at chefte^y which had long lain there ^ and, at bis 
^remove from Nottingham^ knowing^ the other Hprfe and 
^^ Men, raifed for Ireland^ were then marching with the Earl 
^ of Bffirx againft him, he knew notv, but thefe likewife cbight 
^bt to imploy'd, and therefore in Us own necelfity took 
^ them for his own draug^s. For the Cloaths, which had 
^ been taken by his Soldiers, that it proceeded by the default 
^of the Paiiiament; who, after the War was begun, had 
^< fent thofe Carriages through his Quarters, without fending 
^to his Majefty for a Safe ConduA^ or giving any ndtkx td 
^ him of it till after they were tjdcen : that it was within two 
'^ Miles i^ Coventry (which was then in RebeUion) that thofis 
^ Qoaths were taken : and that, afiben as he knew they were 
^^defign'd for Ireland^ his Majefty had ufed d>e bed: meant 
^ he oould to recover them ; but that the Soldiers, who were 
^^ almoil naked, imd divided ihem for their own Supphes; and 
^his Mijefty omr'd to give^ Safe Condud at all times for 
^ whatfoever fliould be deSgii^d for Ireknd. 

The occafion of the other repiioacb, ^ For countenandag 
<^ Perfons who adber'd to the Rebels, was this. The Ldrds^ 
Billon [Vifcount cofiolee'] and Taffe^ had, four Months be* 
fore, pafi'd oat cf Ireland into England^ having never been 
in confort with the Rebels, but fo much trufted by them, dbat 
they defir'd, by Their Hands, to addrefs a Petition to the 
King; humble enough, deiiring ^Only to be heard, and o& 
*<fering to fijbmit to his Nfajdty's fingle Judgment. With 
this Petition, and all other Inftru^Uons^ as thiey pretended, 
thefe Lords acquainted the Lords jqftices, and Council of Ire* 
fondly who itrere fo w^ll latiisfiedirith the Perfons ^ployfd, 


i6o The Hifiory ^ look VL 

that th6y granted their Safe Ptfi^ and fent Letters by them of 
Teftimony. They were no fooner Landed in Eftglaudj but 
diey were apprehended, and Tent Prifoners to the Parliament, 
tnd by them committai with all ftric^efs, ^ As Agents em- 
^ ployed by the Rebels of Ireland to the King ; and chat Cir« 
cumftance infbrced and fpread among the People, with all 
Ucencious glofles againft the King; who, for that reafon, took 
no notice of their reftraint, though from his Minifters he re- 
Gtiv'd advertifement of die truth of the whole bufmeis. Af- 
ter fome time was fpent in dofe Imprifonment, thefe Lords, 
by Petition, and ail other Addrefles tney could make, prefs'd 
to be brought to any kind of Examination and Tryal \ of 
which they found no other benefit, than that, upon this im- 
. portunity, their Imprifonment was lefs clofe; and^ by de- 
grees, under a formal reftraint (which though more pleafant, 
was not left coftly ) had the Liberty of JLmdon, and from 
thence, after four Months reSraint, without being formally 
charged with any crime, or brou^t to any Tryal, which they 
often defir'd, tney efcaped, aiul came to Xordy whither a 
Meflenger from the Houfe of Commons foUow'd them, and 
demanded them as Prifoners. 

Many were of opinion, that they (hould have been deli- 
ver'd back; forefeeing that the Parliament would preft the 
Icandal of (heltering them much to the King's difadvantage ; 
and any imputations, <^ Of countenancing the Rebels of Ire- 
^ lanJ^favaxd more credit, and made deeper impreffion with the 
Pfeople, than any other difcourfes of ^* Proteaing Malignants, 
^and Delinquents. On the other fide, it was thought unrea- 
fonabie, to remit Men to an Imprifonment, which appeared 
to have been unjult, by their not being proceeded againft in 
folong time; efpecially when their coming to the King would 
be declared fiich a crime, that it would be now in their Ene- 
mies power to caufe them to be punifh'd ; which before they 
could not do; at beft, it were to deliver diem up to the Ser- 
jeant of the Houfe of Commons, from whence no Innocence 
could redeem them, without paying (uch vaft fees, as would 
amount to a greater Sum than they could probably be fup- 
plied with. So that the King, who wKh'd that they had ra- 
ther gone any whither than where He was, refolv'd to take 
no notice of their lefcape. And fo they continued in His 
Qiaifters, and put themielves into the. Troops ; where they 
behaved themfelves with good Courage, and fi:^nkly engaged 
their Perfons in all dangerous Enterprifcs. 
' In thefe JealouQes, and Contefts, the King being vifibly 
and confeSedly unable to fend. Succours of any kind thither, 
and the Parliament having enough elfe to do, and, in truth, 
pot taking fo modi pains to pre(erve i^ as to impute the lofs 
... * of 

of the Relelliohy &c. idi 

of it to the Kingi poor Ir#Ai»/ got very fimll relief. The 
Earl of Licffiery Lord Lieutenanc of that Kingdom^ had re- 
ceived his difpatch from the King, before he went to Sbrewf^ 
hury. But when the King thoui^t he would have gone m* 
realy to defitr^ and fo co IriEmdy his Lordlhip recurn'd to 
Lmtdon ^ which encreafed the King's jealoufy, and prejudice 
to him^ which his former Carriage, and a Letter writ lately 
by him from NottmghMmy to the Earl of Nwthumierkndj and 
by Order of Parliament Printed, had begot to a great degree. 
Shortly after his return to Loui$n^ the Houfe of Commons 
demanded ^< To fee the Infbrudlions he had recdv'd from die 
<< King ; which, as it was unreafbnable in them, fo be had 
receivxl exprefs Command from the King, ^ Not to Commu« 
^ nicate them. However, after he had avoided it as long at 
he could, and They continued perernptorv in the demand, in 
the end, he produced them tp be penifed by the Committee 
of both Houfes. The truth is, the Earl's condition was very 
ilippery, and almoft impoffible to be (afely managed by the 
mpft dexterous Perfon. 

. H £ was defign'd to that Employment by the King, fliortly 
upon the death of the Earl of Sirafford ( or rather before ; 
not without fome advice from That Earl ) with as great circum- 
ftances of Grace and Favour, as could be^ and as a Perfon, of 
whom entirely die King aflured himfelf, being then fo un* 
gracious to the Parliament, that as there were fome fharp 

J glances at him in that time ( which are before remember'd ) 
o nothing preferv'd him from a publick exception, but the 
Intereft of the Earl of NortbumierUmd^ whofe Sifter he had 
Married; whom that Party was not wiUing to irrcconcile* 
Akex the Rebellion was broke out in IreUmd^ and the King 
had committed the carrying on the War to the Houfes, he 
thought it abfolutely nece(&ry for his Province, to render 
himfelf as gracious to that People as was poOible i and laboured 
that with lo good Efied, andlnduftry, that he omitted that 
care which mould have been obferv'd in continuing his In^ 
tereft at Court. For the King and Queen grew every day 
lefs fatisfied with him; which fure he did not with warine6 
enough provide againft, though I believe, he had never un- 
faithful purpofes towards either of them ; but did &dly pro- 
jeA, by his demeanour, and intereft in the Houfes, to provide 
fo well for Irehmd^ and to go thither in fo good a condition, 
that, being once there, he might be able to Serve the King af 
he fliould be requir'd. 

But one Man is rarely able to wBc both thofe parts : For 
his (hewing his Infbrudtions, he gave a reafon, which, if be 
had been i^ee from all other oU^ions, might appear no ill 
excufe : ^ He knew his Inftniftioni were fiicb^ thar, being 


j6% TheHiflory Book VI. 

^ pcmCcd by the Committee^ could by no mUcofiftrudioii^ or 
^ poQible perverfion, be wrefted to tne King's difiulvtiuage ; 
as indeed they never were able, nor ever attempted, to&c 
any reproach from them upon the King. <^ Whereas, after 
« rhey were fo peremptorily requir'd, if he (hould have as 
^ peremptorily refiifed to fubmit, they would have concluded 
^ that cbene had been fomewhat unjuftifiable in them, and upoa 
^ that jeaioufy made no fcruple of publilhing the worft re» 
proaches upon his Majefty. And it may be, he was noc 
without an imagination, that if by this conteft he had dfawn 
the difpleafure of the two Houfes upon him,^as could not be 
avoided, his misforune at Court mi^ have fiifier'd that con* 
teft to hiive deprefs d him. And when he left the King be- 
tween Nattivgham 2Uid ShreijHlury^ his condition was (b low 
at Court, that a Map might have imasin'd his Intereil would 
be beft prefer v'd by being within the Verge of the Parliament's 
Proce(%ion. As his return to ZmUom was befits the King's 
expe^atton, to his ftay there was longer than feem'd to be in* 
tended by his own propo&l ^ for he fta/d there above two 
Months, till after the Battle bf Edge-hilly and both Parties be- 
ing fix'd in their Winter Quarters ; and then, widiout waiting 
again on the King, thouj^ Oxford was very few Miles out <x 
his way, about the end oxN^vemhery he went to chejtery with 
a purpofeof Tran^r ting himfelf for IreUndy but without the 
lead appearance ot addition of Strength, or Provifions from 
the Parliament j neither were there Ships there, ready to Tran^ 
port them. 

A B o u T the end of Nfwiwfcr, four Officers of the Army 
in Irnhndy S^ Jsmes Montg^miry^ S^ iUrdrefs WklUry Colond 
Arthur Hiity and Colonel j^udU Mervhy having been em^ 
ploy'd froth Inlsmd to foUicite tne Parliament for Succours, 
came from I/mdon to Oxf^rdy and deliver'd a Petition to the 
King, in which they told mm, ^ That they had Addrefs'd 
^< themfelves to the Pailiament for Supplies, whofe fenfe of 
^ their Miferles, and inclination to redrels them, appeared 
^ very tender to them ; but the prefent diftempew of the King- 
^ dom of England were grown fo great, that all future pcu- 
« fages, by which comfort and life flK)uld be convey'd to that 
^gj^ping Kingdom, feem'd totally to be obftrUded ; fo that 
••unlefehis Majefty, out of his Angular Wifdom, and Fatherly 
** Care, appKed fome fpeedy remedy, his Loyal, and DiflrrefsTd 
^SuhjeAs of that Kingdom muft inevitably perifh. They tc- 
^knowledged, his Princely &vour and goodnefs fincethis 
••Rcbellioft, fo abundantly exprefs'd in a deep fenle, and 
• fively refentment of their UeediogCondttton : And therefore, 
^they b<^<)Dght him, among his other weighty Cares, fo to 
^ ncSed o]poo the bleeding Conditibn of thatpetiSiing King- 
T <«dom. 

of the Rehellim, &c. 165 

^daokj that timely relief might be afibrded. Otherwifchis 
^ Loyal Subjedls toere muft yield their Fortunes, as a Prey $ 
^ their Liv^ a Sacrifice^ and their Religion a Scorn co the 
^mercilefi Rebels, powerfiilly afliited from abroad. 

And indeed the condition of the Proteitants, in rhat King- 
dom, was very miferable: for, whilft the diftia&ions of £a^« 
Und kopt them from receivinjg Succours from thence , che 
Rebels had Arms, Ammunition, Money, and Commanderi^ 
from Rome^ Sfam^ and Franci; the Pope having fent a for- 
mal avow'd Nunth^ to whofe Jurifdi&ion the Iri^b fubmicted ; 
and the Kings of Frsmcej and Sfain^ having ienc great Sup* 
ppes, and their Agents, to countenance and foment the Re- 
bellion^ who ^ve notable countenance to the Afl'embly and 
form'd Council for the Rebels, fettled at Kilkenny. 

The Kii^ who well knew this Petition was fent by die 
permifEon of thofe at Weftmmfier^ and that the Agents em- 

f>loy'd were Men of notorious difaffedtion to him, who 
ooked for fome fuch Anfwer as might improve the envy of 
the People, ufed the Meflengers with all poffible grace, and 
retum'd them as gracious an Anfwer : ^ That, from the be^ 
^'ginning of that monfrrous Rebellion, he had Had no greater 
^Sorrow, than for the bleeding Condition of that his King« 
<< dom. That he had, by all means, labour'd, that timely re« 
<<lief might be afforded to it, and confented to all Propo* 
^^fitions, how difadvantageous foever to Himfelf, that had 
^ been ofier'd to him to that purpofe ; and, not only at firft re- 
<^ commended their Condition to both his Houfes of Parlift-^ 
<^ ment, and immediately, of his own meer motion, fent over. 
^ feveral Commiflions, and caufed fome proportion of Anns^ 
^^ and Ammunition (which the Petitioners well knew to have 
^ been a great fuppbrt to the Northern parts of that Ydsxg* 
<< dom ) to bQ convey'd to them out of Scotland^ and ofierd 
^ten thoufand Voluntiers to undertake that War; but had 
<^ often prefs'd by many feveral MdD&ges, that fufHdent Siu> 
^ cours might be haften'd thidoter, and other matters of fmaUer 
^< importance laid by, which did divert it ; and ofier'd, and 
<^ mod really intended , in his own Royal Perfon , to have 
** under^ne the dai^er of that War, for the defence of hit 
^ good Subjects, and the chaftifement of thofeperfidious, and 
<< barbarous Rebels ; and in his feveral expremons of his don 
** fires of Treaty and Peace, he had declared , the miferabte 
<^ prefent Condition and certain fumre Lofs of Ireland^ to be 
" one of the principal Motives moft eameftly to defire, that 
^ the prefent DiftraAions of This Kingdom mi^t be Cook 
^ pos'd, and that others would concur with him to the fame 
Hfi told them, << He was well pleas'd, (hat his Offers, Coiu, 

^ currencc^ 

id4» TheHiftwry BookVI. 

^ curreAce, Aftions, tnd ExpreflionSy were fo ri^tly under- 
^ftood bv the Peddoners, and thofe who had employed diem'^ 
^ (nocwitnftanding the ^roundlefs, atid horrid arperfions which' 
^ had been caft upon hun) but.he wifh'd, that, inftead of a' 
^ meer general Complaint, to which hia Majefty could make 
^ no return but of Compaffion, they could have di(gefted,and' 
^ ofier'd to him any fuch defires, by confendng to which, he 
<f might convey, at leaft in fome degree, comfort and life to 
^ That gafping Kingdom ; preferve his Diftrefled, and Loyal 
<<Subjeds of the fame from inevitably periihing, and the true 
^^Proteftant Religion from being fcorn'd, and trampled on, 
<^by thofe mercilefs Rebels. And, if the Pedtioners could 
^'yet think of any Such, and propofe them to his Majefty, he 
^affiired them, that by his readinefi to confimt, and his thanks 
^co them for the propofal, he would make it appear to them, 
^that their moft Preffing, Perfonal Sufierings, could not 
^ make Them more defirous of relief, than His care of the true 
^ Religion, and of his faithful Subjects , and of his Duty, 
^ ^ which obliged him, to his Power, to Protedl both, renderd 
^Him defirous to afibrd it to Them. 

The King being fiilly informed now, as well by this Com- 
mittee, as from his Mimfters of State in That Kingdom, of the 
growing power of the Rebels in Irtlandj and of the weak Re- . 
fiftance his good Subjects were like to make, whofe only hopes 
depended upon thofe Succours which they prefum'd the Lord 
Lieutenant would bring over with him, and that he was now 
dng thither ivithout the leaft addition of ftrength, or pro- 
ble aflurance that any would be fent after him ^ his Majefty 
confider'd likewife, that befides the damp this naked Arrival 
of the Lord Lieutenant There muft caft upon the minds of all, 
it would make likewife a great alteration in the Condud of 
AflBiirs There. For upon his Landing, the Commiffion to the 
Earl oiOrmoTtd^ of Lieutenant General of the Army, would 
be determined^ and there had thofe jealoufies, and diirefpe&s^ 
pafs'd between the Earl oiLeicefter and Him, that the Earl of 
Ormond was refolv'd, no more to continue that Command^ 
but immediately to Tranfport himfelf out of that Kingdom ; 
by which the King (hould ioofe the Service of a Perfon much 
the moft Powerful, moft Able, and moft Popular within that 
Kingdom; and who had, with wonderful Courage and Con- 
dud):, and almoft miraculous Succefs, hitherto reftrain'd the 
ra^e and fury of the Rebels, and indeed a Man (b accom- 
pliDi'd , that he had either no Enemies, or Such who were 
•iham'd to profefs they were fb. 

Upon thefe Confideradons, the King thought fit, for fome 
time, till he mi^t farther weigh the whole bufineis, to fuf- 
pend the Earl ^ Lnafttr's Journey : and diercfore fent to 


OftheRehellioh^Scc. i6s 

him to Chjfer (where he had lain, in Come indifpofition of 
health, above.a.forciiight; and the Ships ^ing not yec come 
for his Tranfportation) <<To attend his Majefty ^x Oxford i. 
which be did Ihortly after Chriftmasy and continued there ^ the 
King directing the £arl of Ormond (whom about this time he 
made a Marquis) ^< To carry on the War as he had done ^ and^ 
^^ during the abience of the Lord Lieutenant, to diipofe of all 
<< Places, and Offices in the Army which became void. His 
Majefty likewife at this time made an alteration in the Civil 
Power J for whereas Sr William Parfans^ and S'Johu Burlaty^ 
had continued Lords Juftices from, and before the death of 
the Earl of Strafford^ the King finding that Sr HfniiiMm Farfms 
(who was- a Man of long experience in that Kingdom, and 
confefs'd abilities, but always of fufpedled reputation) did 
him all iihaginable diflervice,.and combined with the Parlia<« 
ment in EngUtnd^ remov'd him from that Truft; and, in his 
room, deputed Sr Harry Tichborney a Man of fo excellent a 
fame, that though the Parliament was heartily angry at the 
remove of the Other, and knew This would never be brou^t 
to ferve Their turn, they could not faften any reproach upon 
the King for this alteration. 

Another circumftance muft not be forgotten. After the 
War broke out in Ei^land^ the Parliament had fent over two 
of their Members of the Commons (Mr EinnoUsy and 
M' Gopdwjn) as a Committee into IreUmiy to rdjcle at DuUiny 
and had given dirediions to the Lords Juitices, ^'Thatthev 
^^fhould have leave to beprefent at their Confultations^ whica 
tb^ had ; and were no other than Spies upon thofe,who (hould 
preiume to deliver any opinions there not agreeable to the 
fenfe of the Houfes. When the King made t&t alteration in 
the Government, he likewife took notice, that flrangers were 
admitted to be prefent at their Debates, which had never been 
before pra&iced ^ and therefore required them, ^ That it 
^ might be fo no more. Hereupon, the Committee, who had 
** carried themfelves very infolently, and feditioufly there, and 
with notable contempt of the King, and His Authority, were 
by the Lords Juftices, and Council, inhibited from being pre- 
fent at the Council; and thereupon they quickly left the 
Kingdom, and return'd to London ; the Parliament unreafon- 
ably accufing t;he King of a new breach of Privilege, for this 
difrefpe^ to their Members. This was the Stare of IroUmd^ 
the War being that Spring profberoufly carried on by die. 
Marquis of Ormond^ and the £arl of Lekefter ftill ftaymg at 
Oxford with the Title of Lord Lieutenant. And fo We will 
return to Oxfordj^oA London. 

Many cuys being paft fince the return of the Committee 
of Lords and Coiiunons firom Oxford^ widi the Kingi's An-. 


Ti66 The Hfflctty ; Book VI. 

fwer to their. FropoGtiods, .judd n6 Reply beingldi^by the 
Hou&s, or indeed any iblema Debate enter'd thereupon (for 
bis Majelty had ev^ry daf Information of whatpafi'd among 
them, even in their moii fecret Councils) and, on die con« 
trary, preparations more Vigorouily intended for the War, 
than had been before, in fending out ftrong t'arties toinfeft 
the King's Quarters (for beGdes the incurfions, and progrefi 
of Sr WilUdm WAileTj which are before remembei^d,M>' Hami^ 
dm bad made fome Attempts upon the .Brill^ a Garrifon of 
the King's upon the Edge of Bmhwrham-flnrtj but without > 
efifed, and with fome confiderable lofe) in Levying great 
Numbers of Men^ for the recruiting the Earl of Bffex*^ Ar- 
my ; and defigning new extraordinarjr ways for the raifing of 
Money^ and aflbciating feveral Counties of the Kingdom, to* 
wards the raifing new Armies :, The Kin^, as well to have 
the conveniency of fending to I/mdon (otwhich Joumies he 
made good ufe) as to quicken, and neceffitate tliem to fome 
reply, fent another Mefliige to them, putting them in mind of 
1^ K*^ ^ ^^^ Propofition he had madeibf a CeCQuion of Arms^ and 
f MS the tw defired, ^ If they approv'd of a Cei&tion, that the day upon 
^*'*^' f w ^* ^^"^^ *^y thought fit it (hould begin, and fiich particulars, 
PwH?*f« * '* limits, and conditions, of it, as were neceffary^ to be under- 
fwACeffA- **ftood, and agreed on, before thc^Ccflation it fclf could 
tioH •/ <<adually begiu, might be propoied by Them. Since, hif 
^Armi. Majefty laid, ^ He fuppofed,by the prefent great Preparations 
^* of feveral Forces to marth feveral ways, that till all that 
^ (hould be agreed upon. They did not conceive Themfelves 
^obliged to an adual Ceflation; fo neither, till Then, did 
**his Majefty conceive Himfelf obliged to it j however, he 
" wifh'd it might be clearly underftood between them, that 
^ no fuch imputations as had been formerly, might be laid 
coupon Him, uponoccafion of any thing that might inter- 
"venc. ^ 

Th»s Me{&ge put a neceffity uponthem^ of entringa* 
gain upon die Argument, and gave them who defir'd Peace 
and Accommodation, an opportunity to prefs for the Debate, 
which had been crafi:ily laM afide for the difpatch of other 
matters; that Party, which was moft deeply engaged in the 
War, and refolv^d to carry it on^ having a notable dexterity 
in keeping thofe things fi-om being Debated, in which they 
found Their fenfe would not prevail. And at this time, the 
Number -^of thofe in both f^oufes, who really defired the 
fame Peace the King did, was (if they had not been over-^ 
wittcd by them) fuperior to the other. For , befides that 
many Perfons, who rrom the beginning had always diflented 
from them, for their eafe and conveniency hadftayed among 
them, very many were convinced intfaieir underftandings, 



t>ftheReheI&o»,Scc. 1^7 

that they had been mifled ; and diTcerned, in what a bottom- 
le(s Gulph of Mifery the Kingdom would be plung'd. if an 
immediate Compofure were not made; and iome of thofe 
who had been as fierce as any, and given as great counte- 
nance to the kindUng the Fire, either out of Confcience that 
they h»d done amiis, or fear chat the King would prevail 
by Power, or Ai^r that they found other Men valued above 
them ; in their prefent Diftfadioo, or their natural Incon- 
ftancyevenin ill, were moft follicitous for a Treaty. So 
chat within few days after the receipt of this Meflage, both 
Houfes agreed, "Thattherelhouldbea Treaty, in which (oB^th Htura 
** much of the King's Proportions as concerned the Magazines, ^^V?""' 
** Forts, and Ships, and the Propofition of both Houfes for the ^^^ l^J 
''disbanding the Armies, (hould be firil treated on, and con'- thejfmd 
•' eluded, before the proceeding to treat upon any -other of the/"- ^M* 
*VPropofitions; and that the Treaty (hould begin the fourth ^•"'^** 
^' oi Marchy or (boner if it might be ^ and that^ from the be^- 
^^ ginning, the time ihould not exceed twenty days. 

The Perfons they made choice of to Treat, were the Earl 
oi Northuntherlandj the Lord^tf^, Mr Piere feint jS^ William Ar^ 
myny Sr John Holland^ and Mr JVhitlock^ tor whofe Safe Con- 
dud they difpatch'd aMefTenger to his Majefty; this refolu* 
tipn being taken but the lait day of Fehruary. As foon as the 
requeft was prefented,the King return'd a Safe Condudt for the 
Earl of Northumheriandy and the four Commoners, but re- ^* Ki»s 
fiifed to admit the Lord Say to his prefence, upon the fame ^^J^' *' '^ 
exception he had formerly refused S^John Evelyn 2X CoMrook-, namelut 
his UDrdfliip being Perfonally excepted from Pardon by a For- the Lard 
mer Proclamation ^ but (ignified, << That if they would em- Sa/. 
*' ploy any other Perfon not within the fame Rule, he (hould 
^ as freely come as if he were in the Safe Condu£t« 

Whether the Lord Say was nominated by thofe whd 
believed they fhould be able, upon the reflifal of Him (which 
they could not but forefee ) to break off all Overtures of far- 
ther Treaty^ or whether they Ijeliev'd, they had (bfar pre- 
vail'd by underhand N^otiations at Oxfordy that he (hould 
be admitted, and that he would have been able to perfwade 
the King to yield to what th^ propofed, or at leaft to have 
engaged the King to thofe who would have yielded to him, 
I know not ; but as it was not So infilled on at JFefimmfier as 
to break the Treaty, (b, many were of opinion at Oxford^ that 
the King (hould have admitted him. They faid, ^ He wa$ 
^^ a wife Man, and could not but know, that it would not be 
^^ poffible for him to make any impre(fion upon his Majefty's 
'* Judgment in the Propolitions in Debate^ and therefore, 
" that he would never have fufier'd himfelf to be de(ign'd to 
^^that N^otiation (which, without doubt, by his £itere(l 

Vol. U. Parti. M *«in 

1 68 The Hi/lory Book VI. 

^ in both Houfes he might have prevented ) if he did not pur- 
^ pofe to do fome fignal fervice to his Majefty. And indeed 
many believ'd, ^ Ttut if he had come, and found the King's 
^ goodnefi indin'd to pardon, and truft him, that he would 
^ have done the beft hecoulcLto redeem his former breaches. 
Others were ^opinion, ^^ That he; was fb far from being in- 
^ dined to (erve tne King, or advance the Treaty, that they 
'< would have (ent.him as a Spy, left others ihould; and 
thefe were ithe thoughts both ac Oxford, and London. But the 
King, who knew the Lord Ssy as well as any of them, believ'd 
that it was not id his Power to do any good, and if it had, 
that it was not in his WiU j was refelv^d not to break his 
Rule, left fucb a remiflion might give advantage againft him 
in the future : and (b fent the Anfwer above remembered. 
1 ogether with this deiire of a fafe Condu^ they fent his Ma- 
jefty word, << That they bad like wife confented, that there 
<' fhould be a Ceffiition of Arms on either fide, under the Re- 
^ ftridtions, and Limitations, hereafter following. 

2" J*' I. "That all manner of Arms, Ammunition, Vifluals, 
thetrei^s ^' Money, BuUion, and all other Commodities, paffing with- 
for 4 fr/4. ^^ out fuch a (afe Conduft as may Warrant their paOage, may 
riV». ^ be ftay^i and feifed on, as if no Ceflation was agreed on. 

a. "That all manner of Perfons, paQing without fuch t 
" Safe Condudl as is mention'd in the Artide next going be- 
"fbre, ihall be apprehended and detained, as if no fuch Cef> 
^. fation were agreed on at all. 

J. " T H A T his Majefty's Forces in Oxford-Jhiro fliould ad- 
" vance no nearer to Wmdfor than fVboatfyy and in BHcking" 
^bam-Jbire no nearer to Ayleskury than Brill\ and that, in 
" Berk-Jhirey the Forces refpcdlivcly (hall not advance nearer 
^*the one to the other, than Now they are: And, that the 
^* Parliament Forces in Oxford-flfho ihall advance no nearer 
<^ to Oxford than Henlty^ and thofe vciBfukmgbanhfhire no near* 
** er to Oxford than 4yIosbMT^ : and that his Majftey's Forces 
•* (hall take no new Quarters, above twdve miles from Ox- 
^fordy any way; and the Parliament Forces (hall take no new 
"Quarters, above twelve miles firom Wmdfor any way. 

4. " T H A T no Siege (hall be bq^n, or continued againft 
^^Gioce^er'y and that his Majcfty's Forces, now employ'd in 
^ the biege, Riall return to Cirencefitr and HUknsiuryy or to 
^* Qxfordy as ihall be moft for thdr convenience ; and the Par- 
"liament Forces,- which are in GJoctfitrJhirOy Ihall remain in 
^ the Cities of GloceftoTy Brifioly and die Caftle, and Town of 
" Berkley y or retire nearer to Wndfor^ as they Ihall: fee cauie : 
" And that thofe oHWalts^ which are drawn to GloctMer^ (hall 
" return to thdr Quarters where they were before tney drew 
" down to Gloceftorfhiro. 5 . " T H a t 

Of the Reheiiion^ ^c. t6^ 

f * <' T H A T in cafe it be pretended on either Gd^ that the 
^ Ceflation is violated, no Adl of Holtility is ixnxnediarely to 
^'follow, but firft the Partv complaining is to acquaint the 
^^Lord General on the otner fide, and to allow three days, 
<^ after notice, for fittisfadion ^ and in cafe fatisfa&ion be not 
^ given, or accepted, then five days notice to be given, before 
^ Hoftiiity begin, and the like to be obferv'd in the remoter 
^Armies, by the Commanders in chief. 

6. ^^Lastly, that ail other Forces, in the Kingdom of 
^ England^ and Dominion of Walesy not before mentioned, 
^ IhaU remain in the fame Quarters, and Places, as they are at 
^ the time of Publifhing this Cedation, and under the fiimcf 
<c conditions as are mention'd in the Articles before. And that 
^* this Ceflation ihall not extend, to reitrain the fettin£ forth,* 
<< or employing of any Ships, for the Defence of his IV&jefty^ 
" Dominions. 

A L L which they defired << His Majefty would be pleas'd to 
^^ ratify, and confurm : and that this Ceflation might begin 
<^ upon the fourth oi March next, or fooner if it might be^ and 
^^ continue until the five and twentieth of the fame Month ^ 
^ and in the mean time to be publifli'd on either fide ^ and that 
** the Treaty might likewifc commence upon the fame dayj 
^^ and the continuance thereof not to exc^ twenty dajs. 

These Prbpofitions were delivered to his Majefty on the 
firft of MMTch^ which was almoft a Month after the Ceffiitioix 
had been propofed by him (for His Propofitions were made 
on the third of February) which adminifter'd caufe of doubr^ 
that the Overmre was not fincere ; fiuce it was hardly poftible^ 
that the CefGition could begin fo foon as the fourth, by which 
time, though the King (hould confent to the terms propofed^ 
upon fight, his Anfwer could very hardly be .returned to them. 
.But the Articles chemfelves were fuch as' occafion'd mudi 
Debate, and difference of opinion, among thofe who defired 
the fame thing. The King, after the examination of them 
with his Privy Council, aiul at a Council of War, made a 
Comihiitee out of eacl^ to confider the inconvenience, his 
confent to them might produce to his Party, if that Ceffit- 
tion,.and Treaty, did not Produce a Peace ^ and the inequality 
in them, if the Overture pafs'd firom an equal Enemy accord- 
ing to the Rules of War. Some were of opinion, **That the 
<< Ceflations (hould be confented to by the King, upon the Ar- 
^^ tides proposed, though they ihould be thought unequal, not 
<<only becaufe it would be an A& of great grace, and com- 
^pa£ion to the People, to give them fome refpit, and tafte of 
^^ Peace, and the not coiuenting to it ( the reafon not be^ 
^ing fo oify to be undexfiood) would be as impopular, and 

M* ungr». 

a7o TheHiliory BookVI. 

:<< uogracious ; but that, they believ'd, it would at leaft caA: 

f^ the People into fuch a- (lumber, that much of their fury and 

^madnefs would be abated j and that they would not beea« 

.^;fily induced to part with the eafe they felr, and would look 

**' upon That Party as an Jbinemy, that robbed them of it 3 thait 

1^ it would give an opportunity of charitable Intercourfe, and 

^ revive that freedom of Converfation, which, of it felf, upon 

<< fb great advantage of reafon, as they believ'd the King's 

^catxfe gave, would redify the underltanding of many who 

^ were mifled^ but efpecially, that it would not only hinder 

^(be recruit of the Earl oi Ejfix's Army (for that no man 

^ would be (b mad to declare themfelyes againft the King, 

^ when they faw a Ceflation, in order to reitoring the King 

*^ to his Rights) but would leflen the Forces he had already ^ 

* in that the Army confifted molt of Men engag'd by the Pay, 

^not Afie^on to the Caufe^ who upon fuch a remiffion of 

^ duty as Would neceflarily attend a Ceflation, would aban- 

'^don a Party which they fore&w, upon a Peace, muft be 

i^condemn'd,^ though it might be fecure: And whereas all Over- 

•^tures of a Treaty hitherto had advanced their Levies upol!i 

.*? pretence of being in a pofture not to be contemn'd, they be- 

^liev'd,a real Ceflation would render thofe Levies impoflible. 

O T HER s thought ^ Any Ceflation <li(advantageous enough 

^ to the King; and therefore, that the terms, upon which it 

•^was to be nuadc, were to be precifely look'd to : that the 

:^. Articles propofed would only produce a (ufpenfion of pre- 

^fent Ads of Hoftility, and Blood, among the Soldiers ; but 

^' not give the leail tafte of Peace, or admit the leafl benefit 

}^ to the People, for that all Intercourfe, and Converfation was 

A*^ inhibited, in fb much as no Perfon^ of the King's Party, 

,« though no Soldier, had liberty to vifit his Wife, or Fa- 

cc-mily^ out of the King's Quarters, daring this Ceflation; 

.•<f and the hindering Recruits could only prqudice the King, 

'5^ not at all the £arl of Ej/ex^ who had at prefent a greater 

^ Army than ever before; and the City of London was fuch 

^a M^zine of Men, as could fupplyhim upon very fmall 

^warning. Befides, though the State of the King's Army 

^and Quarters, about Ox/2?r</, was fuch as might receive 

^fbme advant^e by a Cef&tion; yet, in th? Weft, it was 

^^ hoped his Amurs were in the bud; and the Earl of Nevj* 

^* Cafile was fb much Matter in the North, that if a Peace 

^ enfiied not (which Wife Men did not believe was ferioufly 

^ intended on the Parliament's part, by reafon the Propofitions 

^to be treated on, were fo unreatonable, and impoflible 

"* to be confented to) fuch a Ceflation would hinder the mo- 

-^ tion and progrefs of the Earl's good Fortune , and give 

^< time to the Lord Fairfax^ who was at prefent very low, to 

« put 

OftheRehellion^ &c. r/r 

« put himfelf into fuch a potturc as might give new trcufite." 
And 'tis certain the Northern Forces had then great dread o& 
this CeOation. 

. To thefe ConGderations was added another of greater mo^: 
ment , and which could be lefs anfwerM by any accefs of 
benefit, and advants^e on the King's Party. Hitherto the 
Parliament had raifed their vaft Sums of Money, for the fup- 
port of their Army ( which could only be fupported by con- 
Itant great Pay ) and for the difcharge of their other immenfe 
£xpences, incident to fuch a Rebellion, from the City of 
LandoHy and principally from their Friends, not daring fo ri- 
gidly to execute their Ordinances generally , but contented 
themfelves with fome fevere judgments upon particular 
Men , whom they had branded with fome extraordinary 
mark of Malignancy, out of London ^ fave only that they 
gleaned among their own Zealots upon voluntary Colledidns^ 
and plundered by their Army, which brought no fupply to 
their Common Stock: And of what they impofed uponQ- 
ties, and Towns, wherein they had uarrilons (in which 
they had been likewife very tender) they had received very 
little j not venturing yet, by any general Tax, and Impou- 
tion upon the People, to inflame them, and inform them now 
they meant to invade their Liberty, and their Property , with 
the jealoufy whereof, they had blown them up to all thofe 
fwellings, and feditious Humours againft the King ; and ap- 
prehending, that if they ihould attempt that, any encourage- 
ment of ftrength from any of the Kii^s Armies, would make 
the whole Kingdom rife againtt them. 

But now, after • they had agreed to a Treaty, and framed V 
even Articles for a Ceflation; they pafe'd an Ordinance fai Th$ Hmfit 
a Weekly Afleflinent throughout the Kingdom, towards the ^^J* ^ 
fiipport of the War; by which, was impofed upon the CitylJJ^JJ^J^'*' 
ot London the Weekly Sum of ten thouiand pounds ^ and^^/ejfjtwur 
upon the whole Kingdom no lefs than a Weekly- Payment of i»/iw«^9/« 
thirty three thoufara five hundred and eighteen pon^nii ^^"l^f^^ 
amounting in the year to one Million feyen hundred forty! 
two thou&nd nine hundred thirty fix pounds ; a prodigious. 
Sum for a People to bear, who,, before thisi War, tboughC 
the payment of two Subfidies in a year, lyhich, in the belt 
times, never amounted to above two hundred thoufiind 
pounds, and nev^r in our Age to above an hundred and fifm 
an infupportable burthen upon the Kingdom : Which indeed , 

had fcarce born the fame , under all ther Kings that ever 

For the fpeedy and exadl CoUeflion whereof j they ap- . ^ 
pointed, by the fame Ordinance, Commiffiooers in each CfOui|-i ^ 

ty , fuch as were fuffidently inclined to , and engaged ii^ 

M 5 ThW 

17* The Hiftory Book VL 

Their defigns. To this they added other Ordinances , for 
fBxadling the twentieth part, and other payments, throughout 
Che Kingdom ^ which had been only undergone ( and that 
..|K>t generally ) in LonJon ^ and, above all, for the Sequefter- 
in£, and fei(ingof the filiates of all whoadher'd to the King. 
^ Now if a Ce&tion were confented to by the King, on the 
^ Articles propofed, and thereby the King's Forces lock'd up 
^within the feveral limits and narrow bounds, in which they 
^ were contained, thefe Ordinances might be executed through- 
** out all their Quarters ^ and thereby vaft fums be railed. 
« I'beir great Affociationof Norfolk, Suffolk, Cambridge^ Hun* 
^thfgton^ Bedford^ zndEffex (in neither of which the King 
^ had any vifible Party, or one fixM Quarter ) upon which, 
^ the apprehenfion of the Earl of Nev^afth^s advance upon 
*< them , kept them from notable prefliires , would by this 
^ means yield them a great fupply of Men and Money. In 
*^ Somerfiujhhe y and Devm-flme y whilft S^ Jtalfh-Hopttm 
^ might hereby be kept from advancing , They might raife 
^ what they would, and might difpofe ofthe Stocks, and per- 
^ fonal Etbtes of thofe, whom they had, and would declare 
^ro be Malignaiit ^ and Co this CeQation, betides the damage, 
^and prejudice to the Loyal Party, would probably fill the 
** Rebels Coficrs, the emptinefs whereof was the moft, if 
^ Slot o^y , probable way and means to determine the 

These G)nfiderations made a deep impreflion upon thofe, 

iffho believed the Treaty was not like to produce a Peace ; 

the Number of which wasencreafed by a new Refolution, at 

VnCttytf this time entered upop, and vigoroufly profecuted, " To For- 

Ijn^ "tjfy the City of Londemy and to draw a Line about it ; which 

f^f^9^ .^was executed with marvellous expedition j which, many 

"jjdicVd, would not have been then done, both for the charge 

a»d jcaloufy of k, if it had not been refolv'd it fliould not 

yet Periirn to 0)e King's Obedience. And many Perfons of 

rioiiour, add Q^ity, about the King, who had given great 

life to his Afiair^, were fo ftartled with the fenfe of it, that 

they addrels'd themfeives tc^ether to his Majefly , and hm^ 

fljughtlrim, ^ That tbey might not lofe that now, by an un- 

^e^al Geflation, which had been preferv'd for them, during 

^ the Licence of Hoftilicy ; and that His, and Their Enemies, 

V^KH'* ^^inight not be that way enabled to deftroy them, which yet 

froftfaU 0f « they durft not Attempt to do by ^y Other. The King here- 

^'fheir^ upoa, ^tcr folemn Dfebates in Council, the chid* Officers of 

%urls T^ ^^* Army being prefent, refolv'd to make fuch Alterations in 

tichs»fcef'the Aitides, a^ Aiikht make the terms t Uttlie mprc equal, at 

Af <•»• |et|ft prcv^t^fp idti^mUe di&dvantages, 

■ I. «To 

Of the Rehellion^ &c, 173 

I. '< T o the firft Article as it was propofed by them, his • 
^^Maje^fully, and abiblute]}f con&nced. 

a. ^'^ To the fecond likewife fiillv, as far as it concerned 
**all Officers and Soldiers of the Army; but He propofed 
<^ That all other his Subjeds, of what Quahry, or Condition 
'^ foever, might, during the Ceflation, pais to and from the 
^^ Cities oSoxfgrdy or Ijmd§nj or any other parts of his Ma- 
'' jefty's Dominions, without anv fearch, ifaiy, or imprifon- 
*< ment of their Perfons, or feiiure, and detention of their 
<< Goods or Eftates : And that all manner of Trade^ and 
^' Commerce, might be open and free between all his Sub- 
^^ jeOs, except between the Officers, and Soldiers of either 
<^Army, or for Arms, Ammunition, Moaey, Bullion, or 
^' ViOuals for the ufe of either Army, without a Pafs, or Safe 
^^ Condud; which, his Majefty told them, ^ Would be a good 
^ beginning to renew the Trade, and Ccnrefpondence of the 
'^ Kingdom, and whereby his Subjedts might be reftor'd to 
^^ that Liberty and Freedom they were born to, and had fo 
'^ happily enjoy'd 'till thefe miferable diihadtions ; and which, 
^^ even during this War, his Majelty had, to his utmoft, la- 
** bour'd to preferve; opening the way, by moft ftridt Pro- 
<^ clamations to the paffige of all Commodities, even to the 
<< City of London it felf. 

3,4 T, ^, To thefe the King likewife confented, with two 
proviuons : Firft, " That fach Ships as were necelfiry to be 
>' fet forth, (hould be Commanded by fuch Perfon^ as his 
<^ Majefty (hould approve of. Secondly, that during the Cef* 
<*fation, none of his Subjeds (hould be impijKon'd otherwife 
<^ than according to the known Laws of the Land, and that 
<^ there (hould be no plundering, or violence oflfer'd to any of 
<< his SubjeOs. The firlt of thefe was inferred (without pur- 
pofe of infifting on it) left by the King's confent to the 
Article, in the Terms it was propofed, he might be thought 
to confent in any degree to their ufurpation of the Naval 
Authority. And the ^cond was, to prevent the execution 
of the Ordinances before mentioned. 

And his Majefty told them, ^ Ht hopcd^ thefe finall Al- 
<^ terations would fufficiently manifeft, how (ollicitous he was 
*' for the Good of his People, for whofe Liberties he (hould 
*' infift, when in matters meerly concerning Himfdf, he might 
^^defcend to eafier Conditions; and how defirous he was, 
^' that, in this unnatural Contention, no more Blood of his 
^^Subjeds^might be fpilt, upon which he look'd with much 
** Grief, Cbmpaffion,.and Tcndemefs of Heart, even on the 
<^ Blood ofthofe,who had lifted up their hands againft him. And 
** therefore he doubted not, but both Houfes would confent 
^^ to them. However, if any fcrupies ihould be made, he was 
' M 4 " willing 

r74^ The Miliary Book VI. 

<* willing that the Commiilioners for the Treaty might nevcr- 
^^thelefs immediately come to him, and fo all matters con- 
^^ cerning the CeC&tion might be there fettled betiveen them. 

After this Anfwer retum'd by the King, many days 
pafs'd without any return to Him : and in the mean time 
imother Addrefi was made to his Maijelty, upon which the 
^reat Managers at Lumdm had fet their Hearts, more than 
upon the Treaty ; and for which indeed they deferr'd their 
Treaty. They had ftill a great depeiidence and confidence 
upon their Brethren of Scotland^ ami yet that People moved 
very (lowly ^ and, Qnoe the Earl di Effix had been fettled in 
bis Winter Quarters, there had been high Quarrels between 
the E^fiifl) and Sc§tcb OfGcerSy inibmuch as, upon fome re- 
proachml words which had been caft our, many Swords were 
one day drawn in Wtfitnmfier-Hallj when the Houfes were 
fitting, between them ^ ancTfome Blood drawn, which (though 
the Houfes induftrioufly laboured to compoie it with Decla- 
rations ^ Of their joynt value and refoed of that Nation with 
f^ their own, and tnat their deferts coiud only diftinguiih them) 
gave fo great umbrage, that many of the Scots^ fome of 
eminent Command, quitted the Service ; and it was hoped 
it would have broke any farther National Combination in 

B u T the general inclination to Rebellion mafter'd thofo 
particular Confideratiops, and Difobligations ; and, about the 
end oi February^ to facilitate the Kin|^ confent to the Grand 
Propofition for the extirpation of Epifcopacy) which the two 
Houfes had been, by the Arts before mentioned, wrought to 
make ; when in truth, there were very few of ihemfelves de- 
fir'd it; as, when it pafe'd the Houfe of Peers, there were 
but five Lords prelent) there arriv'd at Oxford the Earl of 
Z/mdeny Lord Chancellor of Scotland^ and Mi^ Alexander 
Uenderfifty a Man of equal Fame in the diflradions that arofe 
in that Kingdom : the former came as a Commiffioner from 
the Lords of the Secret Council of that Kingdom, or, as they 
then thought fit to call themfelves, ^The Confervators of the 
** Peace between the two Kingdoms; and dcfir'd to pafs as 
a Mediator in the difierences between the King and the two 
Houfes, and that the Kii^ would give them leave upon the 
matter to be Umpires between them. The other, Mr Mender^ 
fifty had a fpecial employment from the Aflembly of the Kirk 
of Scotland^ CO prefent a Petition from that Body to the King ; 
the which, becaufe it was then thought of a very ffa-ange na- 
. ture, and dialedt, and becaufe I (hall always report the Ads of 
fhat Nation (as &r as I am obliged to mention them) in their 
pwn words, I think very convenient to infert in this fdace. 


Of the Rehellion^ &c. J7f 

B u T it will be firft necefi&ry, for the better underfianding 
one angry claufe in ir, to remember, that, when the jEarl (^ 
New'Caft/e march'd into Tfrk^/bfre^ upon occafion of (bme 
Afperfions publifii'd againfthim by the Lord Fififfdxy << That 
*^ his Array confifted only of Papifts, and that his defign was 
*' to extirpate the Proteftant Religion, the £arl fet forth a 
Declaration of the reafons of his marching into that Country, 
which was, << Upon the defire of the principal Gentlemen, to 
^^ refcue, and proted them from the Tyranny of the ParliA- 
^* roent ; and then, taking notice of <^ The Scanddous imputi^ 
'^ tions upon him in point of Religion, after he had vindicated 
himfelf from the leaft fufpicion of inclination to Popery, he 
confefs'd << He had granted Commiflions to many Papift^ 
** which, as He knew, was, in this cafe, agreeable to the Laws 
'^ of the Kingdom, fo he believed it very agreeable to the pre- 
^^ fent Policy ^ and that the quarrel between the King and 
'^ the two Houfes, being not grounded upon any matter of 
^' Religion, the Rebels profeiCng themfelves to be of the iame 
^^ of which his Majefty was clearly known to be, and the Pa- 
'^ pifts generally at this time appearing very Loval to him^ 
*^ which too many Proteflants were not, he thought their Ai- 
*^ fiilance might very fitly be made ufe of, to fupprefs the Re- 
<' bellion of the other. And from thence thele Zealous Scots 
ccxicluded, that he preferred the Papiits, in point of Loyalty, 
before the Proteftants ; which was a Calumny of fo publick a 
concernment, that they could not be filent m. Their Peti- 
tion follows in thefe words. 

To the King's mod Excellent Majefty j 

Tie humble Petition rf the Commiffhners of the General 
Ajfembly of the Kirk ef Scotland ive^ at £denborough 
Jan. 4. i^4|. 

"Our Silence, andceafing to prefent before yourMa-7%«?fff>i«it 
^^ jcfty our humble thoughts and defires, at this time of Com- '{j^^P^ 
«' mon danger to Religion, to your Majefty's Sacred Pcrfon^IJ^'jSicSt 
" your Crown, and Poflerity, and to all your Majefty's Do- if scediod 
minions, were impiety againfl God, unthankfulnefs, mdfrtfmtatm 
diiloyaliy againft your Majefty, and indirefl: approbation Jj* ^5^ 
<^ and hardening of the adverfaries of Truth and Peace in their ^f2^ 
^« wicked ways, and cruelty againft Our Brethren, lying mj^^^^ 
<* fuch depths of Afflidtion, and anguifli of Spirit ^ any one of^ ^ 
<< which crimes were, in us above au others, unexcufable, and 
** would prove us moft unworthy of the trufl committed un- 
'^ to us. The flame of this Common Combuftion hath al- 
*^ moft devour'd. Ireland^ is no^ wafting the Kingdom of 

« EMgland^ 

S16 The Hiftory Book VI. 

^< E^gtmdy mi, We ctnnbt tell how fixm it (hall enter upon 
<' 0^r fehri^, and fet this you^ Majefty's moft Ancient, and 
^^N'itivd Kin^m on fire. If in this woful cafe, and kmen- 
^ table' condition of your Majelty's Dominions, all others 
'^(hould be (ilcnt, it behoveni U3 to fpeak^ and if Our 
<' Tongues and Pens (hoald ceafe, our Confdences within us 
^^would ay tMit, and the (tones in the Streets would An«* 
«* fwer us.. 

*' O u k great grief, and apprehenGon of danger, is not a 
** little encfeafcd, partly by the infolence, and prefiimption of 
**Papift$, and others difaffedlcd to die Refortnation of Re- 
** ligion, who, although for their Number, and Power, they 
^ be not confiderable among us, yet, through the fucceis of 
*^ the Pppffli Party in Ireland^ and the hopes they conceive of 
** the prevailing Power of the Popifh Armies, and the Prela- 
^' tical Fadion m England^ they have of late taken Spirit, and 
*' begun to (beak big words againft the Reformation of Keli* 
^* gion, and the work of God in this Land ; and partly, and 
- ^ more principally* that a chief praife of the Proteftant Rcli- 
** gion ( and thereby our not vain^ but juft gloriation) is, by 
** me publicfc Declaration of the fiarl of t^em-cafiie^ General 
•• of your Majefty's Forces for the Northern parts and neare(t 
** unto us, transferred unto Papifls ^ who, although they be 
"fworti Enemies unto Kings, and be as infamous for their 
^ Treafons, and Confpiracies againft Princes and Rulers, as 
•*for their kno^n Idolatry, and (piritual Tyranny, yet are 
*^ they openly declar'd to be not only good Subjects, or bet- 
^* ter Subjeds, but far better SubjeSs than Proteftants : which 
** is a new, and foul difparagement of the Reform'd Religion, 
•* a notable injury to your Majefty in your Honour, a fenfible 
** Refleftibn upon the whole Body of this Kingdom, which is 
"impatient, that any Subjefts fliould be more Lioyal than 
"They; but abhorreth, and extremely difdaineth, that Pa- 
*^pifts, who refufc to take the Oath of^Allegiance, (hould be 
( " compared with them in Allegiance, and Fidelity; and which 

** (being a fhttnge Do&ine from the Mouthy or Pen of pro- 
** rels'd Proteftants) will fuffer a hard conftruaion from all the 
« Reform'd Kirks. 

"We therefore, your Majefty's moft humble and loving 
*• Subjefts, uponthefc and the hke Con(iderations, do humbly 
** entreat, that your Majefty may be pleafed, in your Princely 
*^ Wifdom, firft to confider, that the intentions of Papifts, di- 
^^ refted by the Prindples of their ProfefBouj are no other 
<^ than they have been from the beginning, even to build their 
*' Babel, and t6 fet up their execrable Idolatry, and Anti- 
« Chfiflian Tyranny, in all your Majefty's Dominions j to 
**diange the lace of your iwb Kingdoms of Sc9ttdmd^ and 

CftheReheUion.dcc. 17^ 

^ Ei^sndj faito ftkh 6niilitttde of tnirerable Ireland-^ which is 
^ fnore bitter to xht People of God, your Majefty's good Sob* 
^< jeAs, to think upon, man death; and Whatfoever their pre* 
<^ feat pretences be, for the defence of your Majefty^ Ferfoa 
^* and Authority, yet, in the end, by their Arms, and Power^ 
^< with a difolay'd Banner, to bring that to pals againft your 
•« Royal Perfon, and Poftcrity, which the Fifth of N9vemier^ 
^^ never to be foi^otten, was not able by their fubtle and un« 
"dermining Treafon to produce; or, which will be their 
^' greateft Mercv, to reduce your Majefty, and your King* 
^^ doms, to the bafe and unnatural Slavery of their Monarch, 
<*the Pope: and next, that your Majefty, upon this unde- 
*' niable evidence, may timoufly and fbeedily apply your Royal 
^'Authority, for did>anding their forces, iupprefling their 
<< Power, and difappointing their Bloody and Mercileft Pro-; 
" jeds. 

^' And for diis end, We are with greater earneftnefi than 
'^ before, conftrain'd to fall down again before yoUr Majeftf , 
^'and, in all Humility, to renew the flipplication of the lace 
^ general Aflefnbly, and our own former Petition in Their 
<< name, for Unity of Religion, and Uniformity of Church 
<' Government in all your Majelly's Kingdoms, and, to this 
'^ efieft, for t meeting of fbme Oivine« to be holden in Emg- 
^< /mm/, unto which, According to the ddire of your Majefly's 
*< Parliament, fome Commiffioners may be fknt trom this Kinci 
*^ that, in all points to be propofed, and debated* there may 
^^ be the greater Confent, and Harmony. We take the bold* 
*< neft to be the more infiant in this our humble deGre, be* 
^^ caufe it concerned! the Lord Tefus Cbrift fo much in His 
^ Glory, your Majefty in your Honour, the Kirk of England 
^< (which we ought to tender as our own Bowels, and whoie 
^ Reformation is more dear unto us than our Lives) in Her 
^ happineis, and the Kirk of Scotland in her purity, and peace j 
^^ former experience, and daily fenfe teaching us, that, with- 
^ out the Reformation of the Kirk of EmJandy there, is no 
** hope or poffibility of the continuance of Reformation Here. 

*'T*HE Lord of Heaven and Earth, whofe Vice-Gerenc 
** your Majefty is, calleth for this^eat work of Rrformatioa 
^ at your hands ^ and the prefent Commotions, and Troubles 
** of your Majeiys Dommions, are either a preparation, in 
" the mercy of God, for this blefled Reformation and Unity 
*' of Religion (whidi is the defire, prayers, and expedatioa 
^^ of all your Majefty's good Subjeds in this Kingdom ) or, 
" which they tremble to think upon, and earneftly deprecate, 
" are (in the juftice of God, for the abufe of the Golpel, the 
^* tolerating of Idolatry, and Superftition, againft fo clear a 
^^)ig|bt, aiM not acknowledging me xlay of Viiitation) rhe be- 

" ginning 

I7a The^ Hiftor/s . ; Book VI. 

tt ginning of fiicb a doleful derplationy as no PpUc^ or Powep 
^ of Man Hull be able to prevent, and asif^ll txu|ke your Ma* 
^jefty's Kingdoms, within a fliorc time, as miserable, as they- 
. ^ may be happy by a Reformation of Religion. „ God forbid 
<f that, whild the Houfes pf Parliament do profefs their de- 
^(ire of the Reformation of Religion in a Peaceable, and 
^ Parliamentary way, and pafs their Bills fi>r that end in the 
<* particulars; that your Majefty, the Nurfe Father of the 
^ Kirk of Chrift, to whofe care the cuiiody and vindication 
^ of Religion doth principally belong, (hould , to the pro- 
evoking of the Anger of God, the flopping of the influence 
*^of fo many bleCTings from Heaven, and the grieving of the 
^ Hearts of all the Godly, fruftrate our expedlation, make our 
^ hopes aiham'd, and hazard the lofs of the Hearfs of ail your 
<<£ood Subjedls; which, next unto the truth, and unity ot 
^Keligion, and the fafety of your Kingdoms, are willing to 
^hazard their Lives, and fpend their Bloody ibr your Ma- 
ejefly's Honour, ana Happinefs. : ' 
! ^ We are not ignorant, that the work is great, the diffi- 
^culties and impediments many; and that both Moun- 
^ tains, and' Lyons in the way; the flrodgeQ? lett, till it be 
^ taken out of the way, is the Mountain of Prelacv : And no 
** wonder, if your Majefly cpnfider, how many Fapifts, and 
^ Popifhly afiedcd, have, foir a long time, found Peace, and 
^Eafe, under the Ihadow thereof; how many of the Prelatical 
•f Faftion have thereby their life and being; how many pro- 
f*phane, and worldly Men, dp fear the Yoke of Chrift, and 
^'are unwilling to fubmit themfelves to the obedience of the 
<<Golpel; how many there be, whofe Eyes are dazled with 
**the external Glory and Pomp of the Kirk; whofe minds are 
<* mi(carried with a conceit of the Governing of the Kirk by 
^ the Rules of human Policy ; and whofe Hearts are affrighted 
^ with the apprehenfions of the dangerous confequences, which 
^may enfue upon alterations. But when your Majefly, in 
•* your Princely and Religious Wifclom, Ihall remember, from 
^ the Records of former times, how againft the Gates of Hell, 
^<Che force and fraud of wicked and worldly Men, ajid all 
'^panick fears of danger, the Chriftian Religion was firfl 
*^ planted; and the Chriftian Kirk thereafter reform'd : And, 
^ from the condition of the prefent times, how many, from the 
** experience of the Tyranny of the Prelates, are affraid to dif- 
" cover themfelvcs, left they be reveng'd upon them hereafter 
*^ (whereas Prelacy being remov'd, they would openly profcfs 
** what they are, and joyn with others in the way of Keforma- 
^tion)allobftacles, and difficulties (hall be but matter of the 
" manifeftation of the Power of God, the principal worker; 
<^and means of the greater Glory to your Majefly, the prime 
^^Inftrument. * *<The 

Of the RehelUon^ Sec. 179 

** T H Eintermixture of the Government of Prclafes with 
«the Civil State, mention'd in your Nkjefty's Anfwer to 
^ Our former Petition, being taken away, and the right Go- 
-^< vernment by Afleinblies, which is to be feen in all the Re- 
'^ formed KirkSj and wherein the Agreement will be eafy, be- 
*^ ing fettled; the Kirk, and Religion, will be more pure, and 
^^ free from mixture, and the Civil Government more found 
**and firm. That Government of the Kirk muft fuit beft 

*' mation beexpedted in the common: and ordinary way, ex- 
^^ prefs'd alfo'in your Majefty's Anfwer. The Wifelt and moft 
'^ Religious Princes have found it impoffible, and implying a 
'' Repugnancy^ fmce the Perfons to be Reformed, and Refor- 
**merS, muft be diverfe j and the way of Reformation muft 
** be different from the corrupt way. by which defedion o^F 
** Workmen, and corruption in Doarine, Worfhip, and Go- 
^' vernment, '.have enter'd into the Kirk. Suficr Us therefore, 
^' Dread Soveraign, to renew our Petitions for this Unity <^ 
** Religion, and Uniformity of Kirk Government, and for a 
*' meeting of fome Divines of both Kingdoms, who may pre- 
" pare matters for your Majefty's View, and for the Exami^- 
*^ nation, and Approbation of more full Aflemblies. The Na- 
*^ tional Aflembly of this Kirk, from which We have Our 
** Commiffion, did promife, in their thankfgiving for the many 
*^ favours exprefs'd in your Majefty's Letter, their beft endea- 
** vour to keep the People under their Charge in Unity, and 
^* Peace, and m Loyaltv, and Obedience to your Majdrjr, and 
*^your Laws, which, We confefs, is a duty well befeeming the 
*' Preachers of the Gofpel. 

<<BuT We cannot conceal how much both Paftors and 
** People are griev'd, and difquietcd with the late reports of 
^* the fiiccefi, boldnefs, and ftrength of Popilh Forces in Ire^ 
*^ landy and England -^ and how much danger, from the power 
.'C of lb malicious, and bloody Enemies, is apprehended to the 
^* Religion, and Peace of this Kirk, and Kingdom, conceived 
<^by them to be the fpring, whence have ifltjed all their Ca- 
'Mamities, and'Miferies. Which We humbly remonftratc 
** to your Majefty as a neceflity requirii^ a General Affembly, 
*'and do eameftly fupplicate for the Prefence, and Affiftancc 
^* of your Majefty's Commiflioner, and the day to be appoint- 
** ed i that by univerfal confent of the whole Kirk, the befl; 
**courfe may be taken for the prefervation of Religion, and 
*' for the averting of the great Wrath, which they conceive 
*' to be imminent to this Kngdom. If it (hall pleafe the Lord, 
'^ in wbofe band is the heart of the King, as the Rivers of 

^ waters. 

^8o The Hi/iory Book VL 

^waters to turn it wbitherfoever he will, to incUoe your 
^ Majdly's heart to this through Reformation ^ no more/ to 
^ tollerace the Mafs, or any part of RomiQi Superftition, or 
<< Tyranny ; and to Command that all good means be uTed 
^for the conversion of your Princely Confort, the Queen's 
^ Majeily (which is alio the humble oeGre of this whole Kirk 
<<and Kingdom) your joynt Comforts (hall be multiplied 
^ above the days of your AfflitSion, to your incredible joy: 
^ your Glory mall ihine in brightnds above all your Rofu 
V Progenitors, to the admiration of the World, and the terror 
''of your Enemies: And your Kingdom fo fiur abound in 
''righteouiiiefs, peace, and profperity, above all that have 
''been in former Generations, that they (hall £iy. It it gppd 
^for Us^ that We hav§ km 4ffli8ed. 

This Petition was not fb^n^er in it felf, than in the Qr- 
cumftances that attended it^ for it was no (ooner pre(ented to 
dbe King (if not betbre) tiian it was fent to L#mCmi, and 
Printed, and communicated with extraordinary indudry to 
'Che People; that they might fee^^ how (ar the Scet^ Nation 
would be engag'd for the deftruoion of the Church; and the 
Meilenger who prefented it, M' Rndnfin^ confefs'd to his 
Maiefly, that he nad three or four Letters to the molt adive 
ana feditious Preachers about LonJomj from Men of the fame 
ipirit in Scotland, Upon this provocation, the King might 
have very reafonably proceeded ag^nft Mr Hntderfinj who 
was neither included in his Safe Condudt (as the Lord Lovklen, 
and the reft of the Commiffioners were) nor had any Autho- 
/ fity from the Lords of the Council of that Kingdom (who 
were qualified with large powers) to countenance his Em- 
ployment ; being fent only from the Commiflioners of the Ge- 
neral Aflembly (who were not authorifed by thpir own con- 
ftitutions, to make any fuch Declaration) and there being 
.then no Adembly (itting ; which it felf, with ail their new 
Privileges, could not, with any colour of Reafon, or Aucho- 
.fity, have tranfaclted fuch an Inftrument. However the King, 
who well knew the Intereft, and Influence the Clergy h^ 
upon the People of that Kingdom ; and that, whilft they pre- 
tended to remove them from all fecular Employment, they 
were the principal Inftruments, and Engines, by which the 
whole Nation was wrought to Sedition; Refolv'd, not only 
to ufe the Perfon of M' Henderfin very gracioufly, and to pro- 
ted him from thofe Afifronts, which he might naturally expedt 
in a Univerfity ( efpecially. He having ufed fome grave and 
learned Dodors with great infolence, who went civilly to him 
to be inform'd, what Arguments had prevail'd with him, to 
be ib profefs'd an Enemy to the Church of Etfgldnd^ and to 

/ give 

Of the Rehellion^ &c. tfi^ 

give him fome information in the Argument : with whom he 
fupercilioullv refused to hold any difcourfe) Sue to jrecum an 
Anfwer witn all po(&ble Candour to the recicion ic felf ^ and 
fo, before he enccr'd upon the other Addrefs, made by the 
Lord Lowden^ and the reit, he retum'd ( after very folemn 
Debates in Council, where the Earl of Lanerick the secretary 
for ScotUndy and other Lords of Scotland^ who were of the 
Privy Council, were prefenr, and fully concurr'd^ wi^h many 
expredions of their deteftation of the manners of their Coun- 
try-men, yet with aQured confidence that they would not be 
corrupted to any Ad): of Holtility ) to Mr Hewkrfonj and, 
with all expedition, by other hands mto Scotland^ thi$ Anfwer; 
which likewife I think fit to infert in the very word;s, that Po- 
ilerity may know how tender and provident the Kipg always 
was, to prevent any mi(underftanding,of Him, and Us; Adti- 
ons with that People: and confequemly any Com^iqdons in 
that Kingdom y wnich was the only, thing, be fear'jl mj^ 
contribute to, and continue the diftra&ions in Th^. 

Ws Majefiy's Anfiaer to the late Petithn frejimted ante him 
iy the Hands of Mr Alexander Henderfon^^xo/ifie Conk- 
ntiffiomirs of the G^ner^ Ajfembly of the dowt^Qb of Scot' 

"We receiv'd lately a Petition firom you, by the hands of »''k^W' 
" Mr AlexoMder Henderjony to the which We intended to *<J"^/f 
<^ have given an Anfwer, as foon as We had tranf^ed the Jj^ jST* 
"bufinefe with the other Commiflioners, addrefi'd to \3ii6^ 
<<from the Confervators of the. Treaty of that our Kingdom. 
" But finding the fame to be publiiVd in Print, and to be 
"difperfed throughout our Kingdorp, to the great danger of 
<^ (candaling of our well a£fedled Sabje<^; who. may inter* 
^ pret the bitterness, and (baqpnefsi of fome expreiQoiis, not 
"to be fo agreeable to that regard, and revereoc^ which is 
<' due to our Perfon, and the matter of the Petition it feif to 
<^ be reproachful to the Honour and Conflicution of tUt 
" Kingdom : We have been .compell'd, the more iixxQdy to 
"examine, as well the Authorty of the Petitionexs, as chc 
"matter of the Petition itfclf, andtopublifh ourOpinfon ci 
"both, that our Subjei5ts of both Kingdoms may fee how 
" equally jufl:, and fenfibie. We areof theli«aws, and Honour 
<^ of both our Kingdoms . 

"And firft, upon peruial of the Petition, We required 
" to fee the Commiflion, by which the Meflenger who brpug^ 
" the Petition, or the Perfons who fcnt him, are Q^lified to 
"intermeddle in Afiws fo Forreign to their Jurifdii^on, and 
" of fo great Concernment to this our Kingdom of England. 


i«i TheHifii>ry Book VI. 

<^ Upon' examination whereof, and in defence of the Laws, 
^ and Government of this our Kingdom, which We are truft- 
** od, and fwom to defend. We muft profefs that the Peciti- 
^ oners, or the General Affembly of Our Church diScotUmdj 
^ have not the leaft Authority, or Power to intermeddle, or 
^'interpofe in the A£fairs or this Kingdom, or Church; 

Laws of 

^ ue fcnfe of 

^ Us, anid This Nation ; much lefs can they prefent any Ad- 
^ vice or Declaration to our Houfes of Parliament againft the 
^&me; or to that purpof<^ fend any Letters, as they have 
**now done, to any Minifrers of Our Church Here; who, 
^ by the.Laws of this Land, cannot correfpond againlt the fame. 

"Therefore, We do believe that the Petitioners, 
^^ when thev ihall confider how unwarranted it is by the Laws 
^ of That Kingdom, and how contrary it is to the Laws of 
^*Thi& to the profeffions they have made to each other, 
^and now unbecoming in it feff, for Them to require, the 
'^ anden^ happy, and eftablifh'd Government of the Qiurch 
^ of Ef^utmd to be alter'd, and conform'd to the Laws, and 
^^ Conftitutions of another Church, will find themfelves mifled 
•*by the information of fome Perfons Here, who would wil- 
^lin^ly engage the Petitioners to foment a difierence, and 
^'divmon between the two Kingdoms, which We have, with 
^fo much Care, and Induftry, endeavour'd to prevent ; not 
*^ having laboured more to quench the combuftion in this 
*^ Kingdom, than We have to hinder the like from either 
<c devouring Inland^ or entring into Scotland'^ which, if all 
^others will equally labour, will undoubtedly be avoided. 
^ But We cannot fo ealily pafi over the mention of Ireland^ 
^< being mov'd to it by the fcandalous Afperfions, that have 
'^ been ofben caft upon Us, upon that Subject, and the ufe 
^^ that hath been made of the wofiil diftraffcions of that King- 
*^dom, as of a Seminary of fears, and jealouiies, to beget the 
^ like diftraflions in Tnis ; which left they may have farther 
^influence. We are the nx>re willing to make our Innocence 
V Appear in that particular. 

**When firft that horrid Rebellion begun. We were in 
''Our Kingdom of Scotland'^ and the fenfe We had then of 
^'it, the expreffions We made concerning it, the Commifli- 
•'ons, together with fome other Afliftance, We fent imme- 
^'diately mto that Kingdom, and the inftant recommendation 
^ We made of it to bodi our Houfes of Parliament in Eng^ 
'< Uni^ are known to all Perfons of Quality there and then 
'^ about Us. After Our return into Ei^lamdy our ready con- 
^'curring to all the de&res of both Houfes, that tnighc moft 

" Ipeedily 


Of tke^^'J^Uhu, &c. 183 

^eedily repre(s chat Reb^lIioiH bjr paffing the Bill of pref^ 
5Miag» and. in ic a Qaufe^ which quitted aiRigbi: challoo^d 
^' by all, and enjoy'd by naiiny of our Predece&ora, by parting 
^< with our Rights in the Laiws. Efcheated to, Us by that Re^ 
>< beUipn, (or the £acpiirageipei|t of Adventurers ; by einpty* 
<<iDg 0qr Magazines of Armsapd Aamauaitipa for tiW Ser* 
.<* vice (which We have ^ceiieeded for our nc9ce(&ry De^- 
A^fence^ and Prefervatioaj-by confeming to all Bills for the 
^-r^Gjogpf Money for theiame, though containing uniifiial 
<< Oftufes, which trufted 4xych Houfes witboub. Us with the 
<< manner of difpofing it : Qur pftea preffing both Houfes, not 
^< to negledt that Kipgdoip, Ibgr being diverted by coitQdera* 
*< tions, aqd difputes, le(s concerning both Kingdoxns : Our 
^^ofier qf ralQng ten thouland Voluntiers to be fent thither; 
.^^and our feveral oflfets (o-es^flke our own Kpy^ Perfbn, in 
*' the fuppreflion of that faprnd Rebellioo, are no Ie(s knowA 
^' to all this Nation, than our perpetual eamefinds, by our 
^^ Forreim Minifters, to keep all manner of Supplies from 
<< being Tranfported for die relief of the Rebels, is known to 
<^ feveral Neighbouring Princes ; which if all good Subjeds 
<^ will coniider, and withal how many of the Men, and now 
^^much of the Money raiied for that ^nd, and how much 
'^time,care^ and induftry^ haye been divqtcd from that em- 
'^ ployment, and employVl in this unnatural War againft Us 
^^(the true caufe of the prefent miferies, and want, which 
^^our BritUb Armies there do now endure) they will fooa 
*' free Us from all thole Imputations^ fo fcandaloufly and 
^^groundlefly laid uponUs^ and impute' the continuance of 
^^ the combuftion of diat miferable lUngdofB, jthe danger k 
■*^ may bring upon our Kipgdoms of Engfia^iJfiA ScviUmij and 
*' the beginning of this doleful Defolation^ to thofe who ar^ 
** truly guilty of it. 

^^FoR Unity in Religion, which is defired, We cannot 

<^ but Anfwer, that We much apprehend, left the Papifts may 

^'roake fome advantage of that expreffion,.by continuing 

^^ that fcandal with more Authority, which they have ever 

^^ heretofore ufed to caft upon the Refornuition, by ioterpreD* 

<^ ing all the differences in Ceremony, Government, or indif- 

>* ferent ppii^ons between feveral Proteftant Cburcnes^ to be 

*^ differences in Religion; and left our eood Subjeds or £iig- 

<^ iandy who have ever cfteem'd them(elves pf the (ame Ro^ 

/Migion with you, (bould fufped themfelves to be efteem'd 

>< by You to be of a contrary; and that the Religion- which 

^^ They^ and their Anceftors have held, ever Gnce the bleJQTed 

. '^ Reformation^ and in, and for which, they are relblv'd to 

/^ die, is uxed, and branded qf falfehood, or itijfufficiency, by 

^^fuchadefire. . , Partr. N' ^ «*For 

fB4> 7^ fiiftof^ Book VI. 

^Fb R VtiUbmisef in Church GbremmenC) We cooceiT'd 
^Che AnfVrar ibrmerlv p^mtff Ui te Bridf^fwm^bj 13 th 
'^OSiAer 16^^) te the fomer- Petition in this Argument, 
^ would have fiittsfied die Petitioners; and is fo fiill, chat We 
^■can add little to it ; We. That the Government Here dta- 
^blifh'd by the Laws, hath fo near a Relation, and mter- 
^ ffljtture with the Gvil State ( which may be unknown t6 
^ die Petitioners ) thM till a tbrapos'd digelted F«rm, be pre- 
<^fi»itQd to \Js^ tt^ JBi free Qcfbace of both Houfes in a rar- 
^liamentary way^ whereby the coirfent and approbation of 
^ this whole Ku^g(iom taay be had, and We, and all our 
^S^bje£ts may diKctn, what is to be left in, or brought in, 
^as wdl as what is to be taken away^ We know not how 
^toconfent to My Alteration^' otherwife than ftch an AGl 
^ for the eafeoPlTender ConTdences in the matter of Cere- 
^monies, as We hi^re often oSer'd; and that This^ kind any 
^ thing eUe that may concern the Peace of the Church, and 
^ the advianceQMipt of God's true Rel^on, may be foberly 
■^diftuft'd, ^nd happHy efiededy We have formerly ofifer'c^ 
^ and are fKO willing, that Debates of that nature may be 
^ enter^ into by a Synod of Godly, and Learned Divines, to 
^ber^Iarhrchofen according to theLawSj^ and Cuftoros of 
^tjhis Kinsdo^r/To whidi Wefliali be willing that fome 
^ Learned Divines of our Church of SMiand may be likewife 
^ient, to be prtfentwtndofier, and debate their Reafons. With 
^^ tiiis Anfwer the Fetitioners had great reafon to acquiefce, 
^without enlar|i4g the matter bf their former Petition only 
« with bitter expiwions againft the cftablifh'd Government, 
«* and Laws of tmir ^Jeighbour Nation (as if it were contrary 
**to the word of God ) with whom they have fa lately en- 
^^tcr'd mto a (Wdt Amityj artdPriendfeip. 

<«BuT .We cannot enough wonder, that the Petitioners 
*'{hould interpofe themfcjves, not onlv as fit Diredlors, and 
<• Judges, between Us, and tor two Houfes of Parliament, 
*in bufin^efs ft ^Wiojely concerning the Peace, and Govern- 
^'ment of this our Kin^tom ^ and in a matter fo abfolutely 
"•^entruftcd to us, as what new Laws to confent, or Not to 
«.confent to ; but fhould aQume, and publifli, that the dcfire 
* of Reformation in this Kingdom is in a Peaceable and Par- 
^liamentary way; irtien all ,the worW may know, that the 
■** proceedings Here have been, and are, not only contrary to 
** all the Roles.atid Precedents of former Parliaments, but de- 
•* ftraflivel to the fireedom. Privilege and Dignity of Pari ia* 
•^ ments t he m fe lves : that Wc were firfk driven by Tumults, 
■« for the fafety bf* Omr life, from our Ctrics of lAmkn^znd 
'^UytmnJhrY^XiA have been finee purdied, fought withal, 
f^and are now kept from thence by an Army, ndfcd and paid, 

Of the JReheBm, 8>oc. tftf 

<< as is pretended, by die two Houfes, which confift not Of 
*^the fourth part of the Number they ought to do$ the reft 
^* bdng either driven iix>m thence by the fame violence^ Or 
^ ezpcji'd, or imprifon'd, for not confenting to the Trealbd^ 
^^ and unheard of infolendes praAiced againft Us. And ifthd 
^^ Petidonerscould believe thefe proceedings to be in a Peace- 
^' able^ and Parliamentary way, they were very unac^taitit&i 
'^' widi the order, and conftitution of this Kingdom, and not 
<^ fo fit Inftniments to promote the Reformation^ and ¥taJSc^ 
^ they feem to defire. 

^^ W E cannot believe the intermixture of the pMent Ec- 
'^ defidiical Government with the Civil State, to be oUl6r 
*^than a very good Reafon j and that the Government of the! 
<< Church (hoiSd be by the Rules of human PoKcy^ to be 
<< other thui a very good Rulcjunlefs fome other Govemmeftt 
^^ were as well Proved, as Pretended, to be better warrintdd 
•« by die Word of God. 

'^Opany Bills ofier'd to Us for Reformation, We Oiall not 
*' now fpeak, they being a part of thofe Articles upon whidb 
'< We have ofier'd, and eicped: to treat i But cafinot but wofi- 
'^<ler, by. what Authority, you prejudjge our Judgpient here- 
. '* in. by denouncing God's Anger upon Us, and our halafd 
.}^ ottix tob of die hearts of all our gobd SuNeds, if We coA- 
: ^fent not unto them. The influence of fo many bleflSngs 
^ from Heaven, upon the Reigns of Queen Efhcatetb^d our 
^ Fadier of bkflbd Memory, and the acknowledgment Of 
^ Them by all Pioteifaint Qiurches, to have been canefU 
** Nurfes of the Church of Chrift, and to have excellently 
^ diidia^ed their dudes, in the Cuftody, And Vindication of 
^ Religion ; and the Afiedion of their SubjeOs to them, cb 
«< fufficientiy afiiire Us, that We (houid neither ftop the IttBa^ 
^^ ence of fiich bleffings, nor grieve the hearts of all the Obd- 
^^ ly, nor hazard the lofs of the hearts of our Good Subjedv, 
*^ although We (till maintain^ in this Kitigdom, the fime efli- 
<' blith'd Ecclefiaflical Government which flourifh'd in Thdr 
^^ times, and under Their Ipecial prote&ion. 

*^ Wc doubt not, bur our Sabi^ets k^ Scotland will rdtl 
<< abundantly fatisfied with fuch Alterations in their oWn 
^ Church, a6 We have aflented unto ; and not be perfwad6d 
** by a meer Aflertion, that there is no hope of contmuanCe 6f 
^' what is There fettled by Law, unlefs that be likewife altet'd 
^ which is fetded here. ' And our SubjeOs of &fglmrd ^fil 
<^ never depart from their dutiful AfFeOion to Us, for n6t 
^ confenting to new Laws^ which, by the Law of the Llnd, 
*• they know We may as juftly rejcdt, if We approve not Of 
*^ them, as either Houfe hath power to prepare !br, or both, 
<^ to propound to U^ Nor are you a little miftaken, if either 

N % "yott 

tU ^e liftoff. Book VI. 

^ you believe the generality 6f dris Natioti,'to defire t Qxange 
:f$tof Church Goyerament, or that moft of diofe, who defire it, 
-H^cikthy it to introduce that which You only efteem aRe- 
i^&ripKion ^ but are as unwilling to fubmit to what You <:all 
, ^:tbe Yoke of Chrift, and obedience to the Gofpel^ as thofe 
-V.WlSiom You call propbane, and worldly Men j and fo e<piaU 
L.^kaverfe both to EpifcoiKicy) and Presbytery^ that,.if they 
: ^MKHild prevail in this particular, the abolition of the One, 
^'^. would be no inlet to the .Other ^ nor would your iieirts be 
' ^lefi grieVd, your expe^tions lefs fruftrateci, your hopes 
.•^left afliam't^ or your Reforknation more fecured. And the 
•.^•Petitioners, upon due confideration, will not find themfelves 
i^Xtb miftaken in the Govoriiment of all the Refbtm'd 
: ^ Churches, which, they fay, is by Aflemblies, dian they are 
^in the beft way of RieformatioQ ; which fuce is. belt to be 
;;^.ifi. a Coinmon, and Ordinary .way> where the Paffion, or 
' ^ Intereift of particular Men may not impofe upon-^ie pub- 
i.^lick; butalteratipn be then only made, when, upoiicalm 
I ^.i^ebates, and evidept, and dear reafon, and coovenienoe, the 
...^jbrne {hall be ^erally confented ta.for the.Peace,:and St* 
f^qirity <rf the People^ and thofe who are trufted by the 
: ^ Law, with fiich Debates, are not devefted of that truft,upon 
, ^ a General charge of Corruptions, pretended to have entered 
; ^.by that way ; and of being the Perfons to be Reformed, and 
. ^ io unfit to be Reformers. And certainlv, the like Logick,widi 
^ the like Charges, and Pretences, mig^ ufed to make the 
>.f^ Parliament it fdf an incapable Judge of any Reformadon, 
•* dther in Church, or State. 

\.. :.^Fo]R. the general expreOions in the Petition againft Pa- 

. ff pifts, in which the Petitioners may be underftood to charge 

. ^ us with Compliance and even Favour to thdr opinioiis; \fVe 

. f^.have taken alt occafions to publilh to the world our pradlice 

^ ^ and refolution in the true Proteftanic Reform'd Religion : 

[ M and We are verily perfwaded, there is no One Subjedt, in 

<* either of our Donunions, who at all knows us, and hath 

c^obferv'd our life, but is, in his Soul, fatisfied of our con- 

^ ftant Zeal and unmoveable Afie^on to that Religion,anci of 

. ^our true diilike of, and hearty Oppofition to Popery. And 

- fc jis v^e willingly confented, at our being in Scotlamd^ to all 
^ Adts propofed to Us, for the difcountenancing, and the re- 

. .^forming the Papiils in that our Kingdom ; fo^ by our Pro- 
^ clamations for the puttins of all Laws feverely in execution 
^againft Recufants; and by not refiifing any one Bill, pre- 
^ fenced to Us to that purpoife, in this Kingdom^ and by our 

- ^perpetual and publicfc profedions. cf readinds^ with the ad- 
ff vice of our two Houfes of ParlianMPAt, prepared fsx Us in 

}^% deliberate and orderly way, to fiodliMM cmdienc to per- 

• "fcft 

. Of the RehelTtott, Sec. 187 

^Mt £0 good a ntfork ; . We conceiv'd,' we bad not left it* 
^< poffible, for any Man- to believe us guilry of coUeratine mf 
^ part of the Romifli Tyranny or Superfticion; or to fulpe^* 
^^ that the. Converfion ot' our deareft Cbnforc was not fo much' 
^' our defire, that the Acceffion of as many Crowns as God 
^^ hath already beffow'd on us, would not be more welcome 
*^ to us than that day : A bleflBng, which it is our daily Prayer 
" to the^ Almighty to beftow upon Us. 

"But. We mig^t well have expedled from the Peri- 
*^ tioners^ who have in their Solemn, National Covenant, Ut* 
^* terally (worn fo much care of the fafety of our Peribn, and' 
^ cannot but know in how npuch danger That hath been, and 
^' ftiU iSy by the power and threats of Rebellious Armies, tbaif 
^>. they would as well have remember'd the %^d of O&0her^ vt 
^the ycb oi N9viwulni.9uA.u well have taken notice of the 
^' Army raifed, and led againlt Us by the Earl of Effixy whidr 
^'hath adually Aflaulted, and endeavour'd to Murder Us; 
*^ which We know" to abound in Browmiftsy Ama^aptsftsy ihd * 
'^ other Sedaries; and in which We have reafon (by .9nf 
^^ (oners We have taken, ind the evidence they have eiveii) ; 
^^ to believe there are many more Papifts (and many of thofe ^ 
'^ Forreigpers ) than in all our Army; as have advifed-Ua^ 
^f to disband oiit .of the Army of the Earl of .NSnuhOjIlr, '- ,-. 
^ which is raifed for Our defence; the Papifts in that Armj-g 
^^ whp are known to be no fuch Number^ as to endaneer.thek '^ 
^^ obtaining any power of building ibeir Babel, and fettiog .. 
^^np Their Idolatry; and. whofe.Loyal(;y. he bath reafon iat^ ' ' 
^'commend (though he was never fufpe^ed for fa^^ouring 
<' their Religion) not before that of Proteftants, but of fiifiii 
^^as Rebel under that Title; and whof^ Affiftaince is aa dki« 
^^to.Us, by the Law of God and Man, to refcue Us from 
*^ Domeftick Rebellion, a^ to defend IJs from Fprreign Invsh 
^' fion; which We think no Man deni^ to he lawfiil fbc 
^^ them to do. But We do folemnly declare, and proteft, thac 
^^ God (hall no fooner free Us from the definite, and Rebel- 
^^ lious Arms .taken up againft Us, but we fball endeavour 
^^ to free Our felves and Kingdom from any fear of danger 
*^from the other, bv diiarming them, according to the Laws 
^^ of this Laiid ; as We fhall not fail to fend Our Commif- 
^^ fioner to the Aflembly, at the time appoint^ for it by the 
<^Lawa of Scot 14ml. 

^< T o conclude, We deGre, and require die Peddoners (as 
^f becomes good, and pious Preachers of the Gofpel) to life 
^* their, utmoft endeavours, to compofe any diftraOion in opi-r 
'^ nions, or mifunderftandings, which may, by die Fadion 
*^ of fome turbulent Perfoos, be raifed in the minds of Our 
^^goo^Subje^ofthat our Kingdom; and to infofe into theiqi 

N 3 "^trup 

im TJfe Hiflory BookVI, 

^M, true fenfe of Charity, Obedience, and Humilicy, ch^ great 
H arinciples of the Chnftian Religion ; that they maf not iiif- 
f* VBt themfeives to be tnmrporced with things that they do 
^ not underftand, or think themfelves coocem'd in the Go- 
^ vernment of another Kingdom, becaufe it is not according 
^ to the Cuiioms of that in which they live ^ but that they 
^ difpofe themfeives, with modefty, and devotion, to the Ser- 
^< vice of Almighty God ; with Duty, and Aflfedhon, to the 
^ obedieiQce oF Us, and our Laws ( remembring the fingu- 
^ lar grace, favour, and benignity, we have always eaprelrd 
^to chat our Native Kingdom) and with Brotherly, aiul Chri- 
^ ftiao Charity one towards another : And We doubt not but 
^ God, in his mercy to Us and Them, will make Us inltru- 
^ indents of hi& Bledings upon each other, and both of Us, in 
^a great meafure, of Happineft, and Pipfperity, to the whole 

■ * • ■ 

I ■■ 

TbiTrMf- T H K Lord JLmm&s and the Other Lay-Conuniflioners, who 

^""^ / - wqte Perjbns entirely guided by him, and of inferior Qw- 

LovMen ^f S^^ tbc pteccduce to this Petition, which Aef oOPd 

and other lOlMitT of Religioo ; and preft'd not their own Commiffion, till 

scociih tht'King had dedaird, and publiih'd his Anfwer to the other ^ 

ommi^H' in^tho^gh they pretended not to have any Authority to lay 

^rcP th^ tny thing in thait engagpnent of the Cotnmtffioners of the 

th^ in^ht ikfleinbly^ yet the Lord Lmpim ufed all importu^ity, and 

s# \kdit^ Hfumentst, to per^irade the King in privite> to confent to the 

*•''» IJJ^/**' alteratioo of the Government oftheChurdi; afliiring him, 

JLwJ'Sr *• '^**' *^ would be a means, not only to hinder his Subjcfts 

jScotland. ^ of ScotUmd from iidherins to the Parliament ; but that it 

^jRPOttld oblige them, to aiiift his Majdty to the utmoft, in 

^the vindication 6f all his Rights. But M auickly found the 

Kki^ coo ftrongly fix'd' to be iway'd in a cafe of Confcience, 

by fr confideratioti of Convenience ; and his LordQiip under^ 

took to give no other Arguments. 

He betook hknftlf then with his Companions to their own 
pvoper, and avowal Errand ^ which coni^ed of two parts : 
The One, to offer «*Tlie Mediation of the Confervators of the 
•^Feacc of that Kingdom^ for the compofure of the differences 
** between the King and the two Houfes -y The Other, " To 
^ dcfire his Majefty, .that he would fend out his Precepts to 
'' Summon a Parliament in Scotland. Thefedefire?, aiidany 
Avguments to inforce them, they always ddfver'd to the King 
likhfelf in writing; dedtnif^ any Addrefs to his Minifters, 
or anr debates with his Council, left it mig^ feem to leOen 
fhe Grandeur and AbMitenefi of the Kingdom of Seothnd. 
But the Kmg always broi^ thofe papers which he received 
iftoBrttem, to his Coancuj and receiv"!!- their Advice^ what 



Of the ReheUim^ Sec. 189 

Anfwers to return. For the firft, of Mediatioa, tfaejr precendcd 
t Tide, and obligation to it ; by a Qaufe in the Aa of Paci* 
ficatioa made at the beginmng.of this Parliameot y wiuch 
Claufe wa« : ^ That thf Peac^ to be tbeoi ^iafM^'d^ mig^ 
^b& inviolably obfery'd, in aU time to c;oKpe) it was agreed^ 
^^ thac fome fiiould be appointed by his ImytStfy and the Ppk 
^liamems of both Kk^oos^ who, ia tlie- interim betinxi 
^ the fitting of the Parliaments^ mi^c be :Car^ , that tlie 
<^ Peace then happily concluded might be continued ^ and who 
^ ihould endeavour by all means to prevent all troubles, ,aiid 
c^divifions) and if any debate and difierence fliould happen- 
^ to arife, to the diilurbance of the Common Peace, tkcf 
<^(hould labour . to remove, or compofe them, according to 
<' their power; it beniig l^ppofed, tW for .all their proceedr 
^ingt of this kind, they Oiould. be anfwetaUe to the Kin^s 
^ Majefty and the Padiament 31 and if any thing: (bould ial) 
^ out that Ihould be abov^ t^eir power, and could not be rcr 
^ medied by them, they Ihould inJForm thpm&lves in the ffj^^ 
^ ticulars, and reprefent the i&n;ie to thp Ring's. Majefly, an^ 
f ' the enfiiing Parliament ; that, by thegr Wi£ioms and Ax^ 
^ cbority, alToccaGon and cauics (^ troubles, wght be remo\^ 
<^ ed, and the Peace of the King4Qm mig^ be perpetual to aU 
^ Pofterity. And it was dedatfd,.that the^pO^er of theCoqi^ 
<< ffliffion ihould be reitnun'd ,to 4^^ Ajrtid^.df- Peace in that 
<^Treaqr.- . ;■■»*...•' ;. 

T H IS. Clauie, and the wboki Statute^ beipg carefully pcr- 
uled,. and examined before bis Msyeliy iipi .^is Council, thf 
King returned an AnTwertpthemin wri(ia|^ • ., . 

^Th AT He could nocfind any q<^r,:Or. pretoice of i^^ ^V 
^ Authority, to be gifaated by that A& -j^f; |*arliament ,, by ^"^r!^. 
^ which AcCommiffioners fqr ^^<^iri;«i^:could conceive theni '*;^,7J;/ 
^ fehroi interested in a facufty of Mediation ; d^ the Qaiiile ^ 
<< menti6d*d by them ( befides that there was no iucb Comr 
^^ miffion granted as was iqentlQn'd in (1^ Oaisfe^ nor any 
^^ Commiffioners namfsd fbrthpfe purpofi^ } rdatcd only to 
^^tbediflSorences that, might, glow between the twp Nations; 
^^ and only upon the Articles of thac Treaty, yAwi^ his Mh 
<< jefty fitidt. bad beeiii an4-fiiouId be inviclably pbferv'di by 
<< Him. I^at the difi^rei^pss betwe^ hisAdEaielfyand his^wo 
<f Houfes of PariiameQt|. bad not the leaft {delation to the 
^ Peace- between the two Kingdoms, but to bii unqueftioiv 
<<able^ and long enjoy'd.Rig^ts, which his Rebellious Subi- 
^je£ts endeavoured, by Force, to wreft from Him ^ and cgib- 
^ cern'd the fundamenod l^^s of this Kingdom y which, aa 
^ they ' could Q06 ^npwa to ttie Confervar 
.^tQr» jof. the Peacch«l xSMAnv^ Tq they could not have ^y 
^poffibk CognifiMe »of .tbe^i. Thi« it mi^ give greac 

iN 4 "umbrage 

igo '^ The Hiftorr Book VL 

« Umbrage tb'fah^tjMlbbri^ if be ihddrd eonfene 

^ to what they now propofed ; and,- inftead of conirmingj 
^ and continuip^ the reace, breM jealoufies between die Na-^ 
^ tions ; ^d therefore he codd not admit of any fuch Me-^ 
<^ diation as They pfopofed ; i>ac that be hoped the Treaty^' 
f^^ich he now ei^eSed, wtxdd beget fogood an underfttood* 
<^ilii*g between Himaiiid hifrtwoHoufisv, that a Feaoe mia^t 
^enfue: towaidli which he woiM expedl nothing- fix>in his 
f<^Sdbfeas of 5f9/AM, but their Pn^ . 

* T HI s pave rhem no (atisiaflion^but they infilled QkW on tbeir 
^^it by tbat-ChHife; which, widxxitiUiy Reafon or Argu- 
ment to perfwade others to b^-(tf their mind, -they faid, ^Thcy 
^ oonceiv'd,. bud that obligation upon th^m of inJcerpoficionj 
Tjbr- which die^kin^ ftili gave ttie uime Anfwer. 
^ - For their olber demand of a^ribuhent in SevflMndj the 
cale ftood tfatia-; The King, ac his lafl being in Setakndy bad, 
accordh^ to the- Precedent: he had made Here,-granced an 
Ji& for Triennial Pniiaments in that Kingdom ; arid, at the 
>dofe of that preient Parliament, hiid ranfied another A A, by 
^lirttich a certain day was appointed^ for the Commencement 
of die next ; whicn day was to be oil die firft TkdfUj of 7**^ 
in the year i<$^* except die^Kiiig fhould call one fooner ; 
which he bad-power to do. So that the queftion was ■ only, 
whether the calling a Parliament fooner in that Kingdom, was 
like to advance His Service, and, to contribute to the Peace of 
This > In the difquifidoh iiriierieof , there needed* no Argu- 
tiients, that fudi a Convention coirld not then produce bene* 
fit to the King; tbeentire Government of that People being 
in thofe Perfpns, who had contrived thofe difmal alterauons. 
On the other hand, all Men thought it very happy for the 
King, that, without His c<mfent, mere could be no Parlia- 
ment in ^'r^fiUi/^ till 7W 1644; which ^^'^ '^^^^ '^^° ^"^" 
teen Months from* this time : till when, how difinclin'd foever 
the whole Nadon fiioald be, there was as much AfTurance as 
ooiild poffiHybc^from that People, that the Parliament would 
npt be aUe to procuro any avow'd fupply from that Kingdom : 
It being the exprefi words in th^ late AA of Pacification, 
"^ That the Ifiingdom of JB^^Antf Ihould hot denounce,or make 
^Waragainft me Kingdom dSftttmi^ without confent of 
^the Parliament of BHghmi'^ as on the other part^ it was 
enad:ed,<frhat the Kingdom of 5'^^AMr^(houId notdenounce, 
^ or make War i^nft the Kingdom X^JSn^amdy widiput the 
^ confent of the Parliament of Sc^tUmd^. And in caie any of 
^ the Subjeds of either of the Kiittdomf (hoUld arUe in Arms, 
^orniake WaragainfttheothierKiiig)16m, or SubjeOs there- 
^dL without confent of tbe*PadiluMnt of that Kingdom, 
f^tiftettof diqr arcSubjeOs, or yponwbich tbey do depend 

Of the Rehellion^ &c. 191 

^ that they ihoold be held, reputed, and demanded, as Tray- 
^ tors CO the Eftates, ixtoreof they are Subjedto. And, tfaAt 
^ both the Kingdoms, in that care^ ihonkl be bound to con- 
<< cur in the repreffing of thofir that (hould happen to arife ia 
^ Arms, or make War, without confenc of tneir own Par* 
*^liamentr'- ■ 

S o that'whoeirer believ'd that diofe People could be ooo- 
tain'd by any obligations, Divine, or Humane, thought ic 
impoflible,* by thefe dear Texts,. .that any Forces coiud be 
railed tbd'e to invade Emglmid^ zoA difturb his Majeily, till 
June 1644; before which time,there was hope the Kmg might 
fo fisu- prevail, that the fpirit of the Rebellion might ht broken, 
and Alenremm again to their Underitanding, and AUegiance^w 
Therefore to that demand, the King return'd Anfwer, ^Thac 
^ againft the time by which they could le^y demand a Par- 
^liament (naming the. day) ^ He would iilUe outihift Writs, 
^ and there/ being no emergent Caufe to do it fooner, he 
^ would forbear to put his Subjedts there to that trouble, 
^ which thofe meetings, bow neceffiuy foever, would na- 
^' turally carry with them. 

Whck they perceived that they (hould not receive fatif- 
fa&ion in either of their Propo£us, and (which it may be 
troubled them more) that the King was fo' wary: in his An- 
fwers, and fo dearly exprefi'd the Reafons, and Juftice of 
them, that they fliould hove no Arguments to apply to the 
pafliod, or intereft, of their Gountry-men; whidi mey ex-: 
peOed at'ieaft (For in diat, in: which he was moS fiedfaftly. 
refolv'd, theprefervation ctf the Government of the Qiurcfa^ 
he exprefs'd 90 more to them, than, ^ That being a matter of 
^ fo great importance, and having fo near Relation to the Ci- 
<^ vil Government, and Laws of EMgUmd^ They could not be 
^ competent Confiderers of it; but that He would dp what 
^< fliould be moft <afe, and neoefi&ry for the p^iace and weifiue 
<^ of his Subjeds, who were inoft concerned in it) ..At laft hif 
ther curforily, and as matter of Ceremony at parting, than of 
moment, they dcfir^d ^TheKiiu^sL^ve, and Pafii. tpgoto 
^ Lmtd&m^ hailngj as they fiid, '^Sorae bufinefi there t)efore 
^< their return into their ownCountry. 

T H I IP was, by many, thou^ a thing of fo fmaQ moment,' 
that the King foould readily grant it; fince it was evident^' 
that it was in their own power to go thither without his leave ^ 
for they ttrere necxflarily to retuia throu^ the Encu^ios Quar-. 
ters : and bdng once there j thejr mi^ choofe whether they^ 
would go diredtly home, or .vifit Lmuhn. And therefore that 
requcft was thought but an inflance of their Mtodefty,- that 
they might not returil without one thing granted to them, at 
their lequeft. But the King look'd upon it as no indiflferent 


lyi The Hiftory Book VI. 

things; and their asking abufinofc Hat tbejr needed not ask^ 
was enough to demonftrate^ thee tiiere was more in it than 
appeared. And he well knew, diere was a greit diflference 
between their going to Lmhn with His Pa£^ and Licence, 
and without ir^ which they roig^ veafily do. They had now 
publickly declar'd their Errand, and claun'd a Title, and Le- 
gal Capacity to undertake the buBheft of Mediatton; which 
WQukI be lb far from beiogrejeOed there, that they would be 
thankfully receiiPd, and admitted to a power of Umpirage. 
If upon, or after this daim, the King Qiould nant them Hia 
Pais, ic wouldj by their Lctt^ck, more seaibnaUy conclude his 
Aflent, than tmny of tbofe inferences which they drew from 
more diftanc Fiopofitions j and having that ground once, his 
Majefty's^not confenting to what thofe grave Mediators would 
propaley««id afterwards, . as Arbitrators, award, ihould be 
cuarrel fofiicient for the whole Nation to Engage. And there- 
fore the King exprefsly denied has l^Sy and Safe Condud; 
and told theln 'plainly the reafbn why be did fi>^ and requir'd 
them, ^^ce fac had denied tacanlent to that, which could 
^ be the only ground of their going to jAndtmj that they 
^ fbould: firfk return to tbofe that lent them, before they at- 
^ tempted that Journey. : if t\xf did otherwife, they muffc 
^ run the hazard of Perfbns, whom his Majefty would not 
^< countenance with his Protedioo. And the truth is, though 
diey roig^ very well baye gone to Luubuy they could not 
have recurn'd thence to ScdtUatd. (except they would have 
ftibmic<»d to the inconvenience .and baxard of a Voyage 
by Sea) without (b much danger from the King's Quar- 
ters in the North ( l&rkj.tnA Ntu><^file being at His de* 
votiotf) that tkey could < not. reafonably promi& themfelves 
toefeapit; -^ ; 
iht Pariia- W BVLB^ttAs was in agitajtion^ the Committee from the 
ment'j Com- ParHamciM foTCfae Treanr, to wit^eEarl ot N»rtJlmpfAerianJf 
miffi.ners to j^^ pi^ffomii Sf Jf^, AmfB^ ^ J^M HsffifW, and M' Whiu 
uoJml biiaaatoOfcfkfdi who Ihottiy took notice of the Seoti/b 
Commiffio&ars defires, and alfo defired on Their behalf, 
^ That ibef'tfiigbt have hie NkidOEy's leave to goto lAndMi 
but being quickly anfwer'd, ^ That That requcfl would not fall 
^'wtthia «icher of the^Pnopofitkms ajp-eed to be treated of, 
^< they modfffily gave over the^iterceOion : and in the end,the 
|<ord Lmudmg and Us Cbuntry«men, returned dict^y to 
St9tlsmd^ Aqring only fii^longin the Garrilbnsof the Enemy, 
(brough wbieb they were seafenably to pafs, as to receive fuch 
A«madverfici0Sy and to« entertain fiich Communication, as 
Ibey tbpughi moft neqeC&ry. .: 

• • tft 

r.--i .'.=1 ■ • .• . AsSoON 


Of the ReheJRon^ &c. 195 

AssooK IS the Committee trriv'd %t Oxfof^^'thffjnrtittriM Treaty 
very gracioufly received by the King;- his Majcfbr Awftf$^^P^ 'f^ 
giving them Audience in Council, and they wicndiwwing^yf^'!^^ 
into t private Chamber prepared for them, whilft their Pro-^ ILa 
po&ls, which they (till deiivei'd in writing, were confidertl,r4j^f jm^- 
and debated before the Kmg. They declar'd, «< That v they /«^* 
<< were firft to Treat of the Ceflation, and till that was eon- 
^< eluded, that they were not to enter upon any of the dtber 
^' Ptopofitions ; with which his Maiefty was well pleded^ 
prefoming that they had brought, or baid power to ghic, con* 
lent to the Articles propofed by him; which he rather he*' 
liev'd, when they read the preamble to the Articles; in which' 
it was declar'd, <<That the Lords and Commons being din 
^< carried on with a vehement deGre of Peace , that fo the 
^^ Kingdom might be freed from -the dofolation, and defhtn^ 
^dion, wherewith it was like to be overwhelmed, hadCionO- 
^* der'd of the Articles of Ceflation with thofe^altenttions, and 
^^ additions, oSer'd by his Majefty; unto which they were 
^' J'eady to agree in fiich manner as was exprefs^d in the enfii-' 
^^ine Articles. After which, were inferted the very Artick^ 
bad been firft fent to the King, without the leaft condefcenfiooi 
to any one alteration, or aidktiiion, mode by him; neither 
hsd the Committee power to recede op confent to any akerk- 
tioo^ but only to publiQi it, if the KHig-confenced in Terms, 
and then, and not till dien, to proceed to Trto ttppo die 
other Pr^)o(irion^ 

This theKinglooIfd upon asati illOraen; bth^r Meniisk 
plain Contempt, and Stnuagem, to make the People believe 
hf their fending their Committee, that they did dme a Treaty 
and a Ceflation, vet, by limittiag dieim fo ftridlly', to fioflntcr 
Both, and to ddt the Eiivy of it mon the King. Hereiipoti|^' 
the next day, the King fent a Meflage ti> them, which be pulH 
liih'd, to undeceive the People; iarther preffing« The ^wei^ 
'* and confequence of his former exceptions, and ah^ntsons- j: 
^ and the inconveiiience that proceeded mm no^ jmittine' 
^ their Committee power to auer (b much as verbal ^£xprcf 
<^ fions {■■ fo that, if die King fhould confent to the Anitfe^ U 
^ they were proposed, he IhooM not onlv Ibbniit X!& ptat diC' 
^ advantages; but fome fuch, as fhemfeives would nor thmH 
^ reafonaMe to oUige him to. As by that Article wfaereitt^iey 
^ referv'd a power to fend out a Fleet, or what SUps Tbcy^ 
^ thought good, to Sea; they were not at all reftrainVl, ftoai 
^ fending what Land Forces they plcas'd, ta any part of the 
^Kingdom; fo that, when the CdStion ended, they nMn 
^ have new, and greater Armies throog^t riie Kfngdom^ than 
^ tiiey had when it begun ; which, he prcfimfd, thev did not 
^* intend; being k thing fo mequal, and contrary to tne nature 
«|)f a Ceflation. !^Thbm 

^4i '^^ Hiftory Book VL 

'>«THKN'in the Artidtt ihcjr laft fettt, they {hrlM their 
^^Fof^s^ the. Army raifed by the Parliament the which if hisr 
'^Mi^efty (hoqld conTeoi; to, he muft acicnowjedge^. either, 
^^^^t He conientpd to the raifing that Army, or tlut He was 
•^.po. part of the Parliamenc^: neithei of which. He conceived, 
^they would oblige him todo« And therefore. He defired, 
V that their Committee might have liberty to Treat, I>ebate, 
<<|U3d agree -upon the Articles ; upon which They, and all 
^'che World Ihould find, that he was le(s foUicitous for his- 
^ own Dignity, and Greatnefs, than for his Subjedls Eafe, and 
^:l4bertv. But if that fo realbnable, equal, and juft defire of 
^His, (nould not be yielded unto, but the fame Articles ftill 
^infiited ppon, though his Majeify, next to Peace, defired a 
^ Ceffition, yet, that the not agreeing upon the One, might 
? not deftroy the hopes of, nor fo much as delay the Other ; 
** He was willing to Treat, even without a Ceflation, upon' 
^ the Propofitions themfelves, in that order that ,was agreed ; * 
^. and defird their Committee might be enabled to. that efied. ■- 
<< In whi<^ Treaty he would give, He faid, ^ All his Subjedls' 
^ that (atisfadbion, that if any fecurity to enjoy all the Rij^Qs,' 
.^Privileges, and Liberties, due to them by the. Law, or that: 
^* fafippineTs in Church and State , which the bed times bsd 
^' (ben, with fuch fiirther AQ& of Grace, as might agree with. 
*< his Honour, Juftice, and Duty to his Crown, and which 
^ might not render him lefi able to Proted his Subjedts, ac- 
^^ cording to his Oath, woiild fatisfy them; his Majefty was 
•* confident , in the Mercy of God , that no more precious 
** 31ood of this Nation would be thus miferably fpent. 

This Meilage produced Liberty to the Committee to eas- 
ier upon the Treaty it felf, upon the Propofitions , though 
the Ce&tion (hould not be agreed to : and Ihortly after they 
&n^ Ireaibns to the King, why thev confcnted not to the Cef- 
ficion in fuch manner,, andwitn thofe limitations, as He. 
hadpropofed i. They all^dg*d, <<That, if they ihould grant 
^ fii^ a free Trade, as the King defir'd, to Oxford^ and other 
•^placej, where his Forces lay, it would be very difficult, if 
^BOtvimppflTible, to keep Arms, Ammunition, Monev, 
^ahd BuUion, fi^om paffing to his Army : However, it would 
^^>be: exceeding advantageous to his Majeiiy, in fupplying his^ 
^'jfam^^ many nece(&rie8, and making their Quarters a 

^^$taplc for fuch Commodities as might be vented in the 
**.acl^cqnt Counties; and fo draw Money thither; whereby. 
^',the Inhabicant;s would be better enabled by Loans, and' 
'f Contributions, to.fupport hi^ Army. As this advantage to> 
^Stiim was .very demonftrable , fo it was very imprpbabley 
^Jfaat it would produce any fiipdy to Them ; and, in ^ Treaty 
^iifH HCeP^tioQ,, Aiolk Demamu CQuld not be thoy^t reafon-^ 

• . /, - * "able 

Of the Rehellion^ &c. i^ 

.^ able diat were not indifierent, that is; equally advanti^Sous 

.^to bodi Parties, a. That to Demand the appromg tin 

^' Commanders of the Ships, was, to defire to add the ftrengoi 

, 'f of the one Partjr to the other, before the difierences were 

. ^Vended \ againft all Rules of Treaty. And to make a Ce(^ 

^' fiition at S^ was to leave the Kingdom rudced toTorreig^ 

*^Forces,.andthe Forts open, for Hisfupplies ofiVnnSyaad 

^^ Ammunition. But for conveying any Forci^s,. by thgfe 

^' means, from one part to the other, they would obfervetbe 

<^ Articles, . by which that wa$ rcftrain'd. 3. For the expre£» 

^' (idn of the Army raifed by the Parliament, they were con- 

^^ tented it ihould be alcer'd, and the name of the two Houfet 

^^ufed. 4. For the Committing none, but according to the 

. "known Laws of the Land, that is, by the ordinary Proceft 

*^ of Law, it would follow, that no Man muft be commiaed 

^' by. Them for fupplying the King with Arms, Money, or. 

'^ Ammunition ; . for, by the Law of the Land, • the Subjeft 

^^ might carry (uch goods from Lmdon to Oxfird: IThe Sol« 

. ^^ diers muft not be committed who do run from their Co- 

• *^ lours, and rdiife any duty in the Army j no Man Qiould be 

. ^' committed, for not neccflary fiippUes of Mo- 

. V ney : fo th^t if it ihould be yielded to, in ms Majefty's fenfe, 

( ^^ they fhouid be difabled to reftrain fupplies from their Ene- 

/* ipi^s, and to govern, and maintain their own Soldiers; and 

^^ fo, under a difgulfe of a CeflSition, (hould admit that which 

^^ would neceflarily produce the diflblving of their Army, and 

"deftruftion of their Caufe. And, they (aid, ^^ It was not 

^^ probable, that his Majefty would fuffer the &me inconve- 

^^.nieocesby thatClaufe; for that they belicv'd he wouldin- 

^' terpret, that what his. General did by Vercue of His Com- 

^^ miuion, was and would be done according to the known 

/^Laws of the Land; whereas he had ' deny 'd,. that thofe 

^^Jcnown Laws ^ve any power to the two Houfes of Pal:- 

^niamentj'toraire Arms; andib,coiirequendy, their Genetal 

^^ could not . ei^ercife any Mardal Laws. So that under:the 

^' ipecious Ihqw of Libeny,' and Law, They (hould bealto- 

<* £ether difabled to defend their Liberties and Laws ; aodlus 

^' Majefty would enjoy an abfolute Vidory, and SubmiCBoo, 

.^^ under presence of a Ce(&tion, and Treaty. They laid, 

<^ being, by a neceffity. inevitable, enforced to aDefen&Ve 

-(< War, and therein warranted both by the Laws of God and 

<< Man, it muft needs follow, that, by the fame Law^ the/ 

f^were enabled to raife means to fupport that War | and 

^^ therefore they could not relinquiQi that power of hying 

. ^' Taxes upop thofe who ought to joyn widi them in, that 

.^' Defence, and the necei&ry way of Levying thole Taxes 

*^ lipon them, in caf^ of r^iifil; for ochcrwife their ^Army 

^^ muft needs de dilTolY'd* Though 

^ TheMtftory Book VI. 

'Ttloc^GH thefe Reafoos werecapableyiiia fid, tndcoin- 

pofeyl 1)^)016, of fiitt Aofweis, and man/ things would iid-* 

mraUy: htfveflow'd from cbetn. to difprovethe Prafticeand 

ABfemoos erf* the framers of them j yet k was veiy^eTident, 

that ihey carded fiich a kind of re«on with them, as would 

weraU >over the uodetfiuMiitigt of the People; and chat the 

ICfaig, by 4i6c coofenting to the Ceflation, as it was proposed 

«ty thecD, would be generally thoa^t to have rejeoed any; 

'^vfaioh cottld not bm^have anill influence upon his Afiurs. : and 

Iterefave his Majeftv fent them, as fooa as be had weighed 

•thif lai^ Meffige, which he well difcem'd was not form'd to 

fttisfr* him, but to fttisfythe People agamft Him, an Anfwer ; 

:in wnich'fae explained the ill confequence of many of their 

. jAfiwftipfieMia, and inforced the importance of his ^mer de- 

'mandson the behalf of the Pec^le; however, he ofier'd ^To 

^ admit the Geffiition upon the matter of their own Articles ; 

^ fo that be might not be underftood to confent to any of 

^ tbtrf&onjuft, and illegal powers, which they exercifed upon 

^ die Subje£to. But from henceforward, the Houfes dedm'd 

«ny fiuther At^menr, and Debate concermng the Ceffiition ; 

tod direded their Committee, << To expedite the Treaty upon 

^Cbe Proportions : the Partioulars whereof being tranbded in 

cbebeginning of the year 1643. I ihall refer the Narrative to 

the next Book; intending in This, only to comprehend the 

Traii&aions to the end of ijS^a. 

'• I A M poriwaded if the King had, upon the receipt of the 

Articles for the Cef&tion, when they were firft fent to him^ 

^firankly confented to it, it would have prov*d very much to 

hisadvanrage^ and that His Army would very much tiave 

enci«afed by it^ and the Other been impaired ^ and that it 

OTMild have been very difficult for the Parliament to have 

diflblv'd it, if once begun^ or to have determin'd the Treaty. 

•Bttt befides the reaTons before mention'd, the confideration of 

tiieJMonfaem Forces, and the reftraining them within their 

add •Quarteis, who feemU to be in a condition of marching 

-CMn to TUmmm it felf, prevaifd very fiir with the King ; or 

aitber (which indeed was the main reafbo^ and rendered every 

4Xher5u^eftk)a of Weight) the jealoufy that they did not 

, jafebnd to confent to, or admit any Peace, but fuch a one as 

Irit Majefty might not admit, made all the preliminary Pebaces 

the JDore infifted on. 

1 CA19HOT botiflfert one Particular, which may here- 
4Aer Jx though of fome fig^ification. it was now the time of 
the year w»en, by the cuftom of the Kingdknn, the King's 
^Joite itkunrnf ufed to go the Circuits throughout BffgUnd^ 
<MdmAx, to admiotfter Jcriftice to the Peofde $ and to enquire 
Mio> 4dl TrcaloQi^ Vtlome^^ Breaches of the Peace, and other 
'. ' „ Miidemeanours ^ 

Of the Rehellion^ &c. 197 

Midemeaiiourf ^ which were «ny where committed contnirv 
to the known Ltws ; and they were fworn to judge tccorch 
ing to thofe known Laws, the ftudy and knowledge whereof 
was their Frofdfion. 

The Lords and Commons now fent to the King a fpe- ^' ^^' ^ 
cialMeOage, "Toadvife, anddefire him, that, in reard of Jj;,^^^^ 
^ the preTent diftra&ions, which might hinder both tlie Juc^s,/^, r^ncem- 
^^ and the People, from reforring to thofe places where iuch in^ o«4/- 
^ meetings might be appointed, the AiTizes and Goal-delivery ^'«^- 
^ might not be holden ; but ttat, it might be deferred, until it 
^ fliould pleafff God to reftore Peace unto his People. 

The King returned thcm^Anfwer^ "ITiac the prefcnt Jif *^*-^'" 
''bkxxiy diftradtions of the .Kingdom, which he had uied aU^*^ 
^ poffible means to prevent, and would Itill to .remove, did 
^< affliA his Majdiy under no confideration more^ ithan of the 
^ great interruption, and ftop it made in the Courfe and Pro- 
^ ceedings of Juftice, and the Execution of the Laws ; where- 
^ by his gpod Subje£l6 were fobb'd of the Peace, and Secu- 
^rity they were bom to. And therefore, aa much as in 
^ Him lay, he ^otild lulvance that only means of their hap- 
^^pineis; acleaft, they ibould fee that their Sufieriogs that 
^< way, proceeded not Irom his Majefty ^ and (ince they mig^c 
^^ now ttptBCy by the Law, Statutes, and Guftoms of the 
^Kingdotb. the Afltzes and General Goalndeiivery in. every 
^^ County, hi$ Majdiy thought not fit to Command the con- 
~^ trary ; but would take fever e, and precife order, that None 
^of his iSubjeds Qiould receive the leaft prejudice, as they ne- 
^ paired thither by any of his Forces, which nrle he fhould be 
^glad to fee oUov^d by others. And then he hoped, bgp.thef 
.^ execution^of 'the Laws, even thofe pubUck Calamities might - - 

<' have fome abatement, and the Kingdom recover its former 
« Peace, and -Prcaj^erity. » 

But this Anrardr was not snore fidsfafiiorir than <Xhtirs 
they had ufiially received £r6m;Him^ and therdbre theyi be- 
took tbeififelves fio their old^ try'd Weapon, and made an 
Ordinance << That all Judges and Juftices of AOize, and l^^ *^ 
^prius. and Juftices of prwv and Iftfwwwr, and Goa Wclivery, ^'^^ 
^ Ihould fiitbear to execoteany of their faid Ccmmiffioos, or „^gt^ 
. ^ to hold or keep any Affiz^a, or Goal-^ielivery, ac any time forbid tht 
'^ during that Ijcnt Vacation^.' as they would Antwer the con^ «^* ^P- 
^ tempt, aBdin^cdt flicreof before the Lords and Com--^^';fJj|^ 
<^mons in Parliament. This was the ficft avowfd.ItatBrrup-^j^/ '^ 
tkm andSu^enfion of ^e publidc Juftice, :thatlii|^pea'^ or 
that was known ever bdTorein diat kind; and .gairethfi: Peo- 
ple occalion to believe, that what the Pariiameoc did (what 
pretence ibever there was ii£ iFundtment^ Laws) was not fo 

' wanani&ble by dnc RulCy. &tec tbcylsbouf d fiat aach Jta liv 


198 TbeBiftory Book VI. 

preft cbtt Inqnifition. It was not in the King's power to help 
chis^ for be£idef that the example oi Judge Ms^n^ who, the 
Circuic before^ had been forcibly taken from the Bench b/ a 
Troop of Horfe, as is before remember'd,. terrified all the 
Judges (and there were very .few Counties in EMgUni^ in 
wU^ mey could have been, fecore from thelil^e Violence) 
die Records, upon which: the Legal Proceedings wei« to be, 
vere at I^mmi: and To the exerdfe of the Law ceafed 
throughout Che Kindoin, lav^ only in fome few Counties, 
whither the King fent fame Judges of Afli2.e, and into others, 
his Commiffion of Ojtr- and Tmrnmer'^ by. virtue whereof 
Ae Ifirl of Effix^ and many. ^others, were as legally at- 
Uinted of High Treafon, as the Wifdom . of our . Anceftors 
.mulddirefi. . , . 

The Treaty, as is (aidj being managed at the Council 
Tables the Pride of the Parliament having refiifed- to Treat 
with any but the King himfelf, and his Majeftv refolving to 
.A» sAc- traniaA all by the Advice and Opinion of ms Privy Council, 
VT^la^ .it will be feafimable in this place Co let down the Names dH 
thfp^ -^ thofe Priv7 CounfeUors, who attended the King : there 
atmfiu^rt bein^ at this time a new one added to the number^ for in 
thenMtttnd- the time between the return of the CommifEoners toXmv^, 
^ ^ . and their coming back to the Treaty, S' Jo/bv cokpepper be- 
SiJ'fdbT tag preferr'd to be Mafter of the Rolls, Mr Hyde was made 
fiityed with Chancellor of the Exchequer^ who, till chat time, though he was 
ti»€ tw Imown to be truited in matters of the greateft importance, was 
ybfU'^e ^*^^ under any Character in the Court : And when We have 
vuM ^chan^ named thofe, who according to their duty did wait upon the 
ceiUffthe Yimgj We fiiall likewife name thofe, who, being under the 
Exchequer, fitme Obligation, ftayed and a^ted with the Parliament againft 

of the herd T H E Lord Littleton was keeper of the Great Seal of Eng-^ 
Liulecon. ' Lmdy of whom fo muchhath been faid before, chat there is 
-no need of Enhrgement upon him in this place. His parts, 
which in the profeffion of the Law were very great, were not 
very applicable to the bufineis now in hand; and though, 
from the time of the King's coming to Oxford, the King had 
•confidence enough in him, to leave the Seal in hiis Cultody, 
tnd he would have been gud to have done any fervice; yet, 
by ill fortune, he had drawn fo great a difdteem upon him 
from rooft Men, that he gave little Reputation to the Coun- 
cil, and had little Authority in it. f 
oftheDuki The Duke of Rkhmomdy as he was of the noUcft extra- 
ff Rich- Oion, being neareft allied to the King's Pecfan of any Man 
moiuL jg^ was not defcended from King Jsmos; to he was very 
' worthy of all the grace and favour the Kmg had.Cbew'd him^ 
-who Md ttkcD great care of hia Ediyationj andfenc him into 
'^ Franco 

Of the Rehelliott^ &c. 199 

Frsnciy. Italj^ and Sfain^ where he was created a Grandee 
of that Kingdom; and as (bon as he recum'd, diough he was 
icarce one and twenty years of Age, made him a ^rivy Coun-^ 
cellor ; and fliortly after, out of his abundant kindnefs to both 
Families, married him to the fole Daughter of his dead Fa^ 
vourite, the Duke of Buckingham'^ with whom he received 
twenty thoufand pound in portion; and his Majefty^s boun- 
ty was like wife very great to him; fo that, as. he was very 
eminent in his Title, he was at great eafe in his Fortune* He 
was a Man of very good parts, and an excellent underftanding} 
yet, which is no common infirmity^ fo diffident of himfeif^ 
that he was fometimes led by Men who judged much worfe. 
He was of a great, and haughty Spirit^ and fo pundual in 
point of Honour, that he. never fwcrv'd a tittle. He had fo 
entire a Refignation of himfelf to the King) that he abhorr'd 
all Artifices to (helter himfelf from the prejudice of thofe, 
who, howFowerfiil foever^ failed in their duty to his Ma-. 
jelty;-aad therefore he was purfued with all imaginable ma- 
lice by them, as one that would have no Quarter, upon io 
infamous Terms, as but looking on whiUt his Mafter was ill 
ufed. As he had received great Bounties from the King, fo 
he Sacrificed all he had to his Service, as foon as his occanons 
flood in need of it; and lent his Majefty, at one time twenty 
thouiand pounds together; and, as foonjas the War b^n, en- 
gaged his three Brothers, all Gallant Gentleipen, in the Ser- 
vice; in which they all lofl their Lives. Himfelf liv'd, with 
unfpotted Fidelity, fome years after the Murder of his Ma- 
fler^ and was fuifer^d to put him into his Grave; and 
Died, without the comfort of feeing the Refurre^on of the 

Th£ Marquis of Hgrtford was a Man of great Honoox^of tbeyuif* 
and Fortune, and Intereft in the Afiedion of the J^^ople;^"*^. 
and had always undergone hard meafure from the Couri^^^^^ 
where he long receiv'd no CountenancCy and had no defiga > 

of making advantage from it. For, though he was a Man of 
very good parts, and converfant in Books, both in the Latia 
and Greek Languages, and of a clear Courage, of which he 
had given frequent Evidence; yet he was fo wholely given 
up to a Country life, where he livM in Splendour, that he 
had an averfion, and even an unaptnels, for Bufinefs : Be&des 
bis particular Friendfhip with the Earl of Eff^x^ whofe Siflor 
he had Married, his greateCt Acquaintance and Converfation 
had been with thofe who had the Reputation of being beft 
afiedled to .the Liberty of the Kingdom, and leafl in love 
with the humour of the Court ; many of whom were the 
chief of thofe who eoj^ed themfelves moil &£liou(ly, and 
furioufly a^inft the King. But a^ foon as he difcem'd their 

Vol. IL Part I. O vioicni 

100 The Hiftory Book VI. 

* Tiolate ^urpofet againft the Government efhtbliafd, before 

be fufpedted their blacker deiignS) be fevered hiinfelf from 
diem 'y and from the be^nning of the Parliament, never con-* 
curr'd with them in any one Vote diOionourable to the King, 
or in the profeoition m the Earl cfstrmfford. He did accept 
the Governtneot of the Prince of Wsbsy as \s mention'd be* 
fote, purely out of obedience to the King^ and, no doubt, 
it was a great fervice j though for the performance of the Of-* 
fice of a GoVemour, lie never thought iiimfelf fit, nor med-^ 
died with ic« H6 left TbrA, as is remember'd, to form an Army 
for the Kln^ in the Wefi, where his Interelt was ; but he 
found thofe parts fo corrupted, and an Army from the Parlia* 
itoent was poured down fo foon upon him, that there was 
Mtbing for the prefent to be done worthy of his ptefence ^ fo 
Aae he (ent- Che finall party, that was with l;iim, farther Weft 
UiCwni^Miy wherc^ by degrees, they grew able to rai& an 
Army, with which they joyn'd with him afterwards a^in^ 
afld himfelf i^turn'd to the King at Oxfirdy about the. time 
when the Treaty begun. 
Of tht Eari The Earl of SiutismptoM was indeed a great Man in all 
•/• South- /efpefts, and brou^ very much Reputation to the King's 
ampton, Gaufc. He Was of ft namre much mciin'd to Melancholy, 
^iid being bom a younger Brother, and his Father, and his 
Ekter Brother dyitlg upon the point together, whilft he was 
but a Boy, he Was at firtt much troubled to be call'd My Lord, 
and With the noife of Attendance -, fo much he Then delight- 
ed to be alone. He had a great Spirit ; he had never had any 
^Ottverfation ift the Court, nor obligation to it. On the con- 
frary, he had undergone fome hardihip from ic ; which made 
it believ'd, that he would have been ready to have taken all 
QHt^riotit of being fevere towards it. And therefore, in the 
b^friniAg of the rarliamenr, no Man was more courted by 
the Managers of thofe Defigns. He had great diOike of the 
High Courfes, Which had been taken in the Government, and 
^ pfe-tlculaf pf-ejUdi^A to the £arl of Sffafi^rd, for fome exor* 
mnt pro^eeditlgs. But, as foon as he (aw the ways of reve- 
rence and duty toWiuxls the King declined, and the profecu- 
fi^n of the Earl of Str^$f^d to exceed the limits of Ju* 
ftite, he oppofcd ihem vigorouily in all their proceedings. He 
W^ ft Man of great lllarpnefs of judgment , a very quick 
Apprehet!i(i6n, and Chat readinefs o^ ExpreiTion upon any fud- 
dain Debate^ that no Man delivered himfelf more advanta- 
geoufly, and wdghtily, and more efficacioully with the hearers ; 
fo that no Man gave them more trouble in his oppofition, or 
drew fo many to a concurrence with him in opinion. He had 
no relation to, or dependence upon the Court, or purpofe to 
have any; but wholeiy porfiied the publick Interelt It was 


Of the Uehellion, &c. aai 

long before he could be prevaird with to be a CounfeUor, 
and longer before he would be admitted to be of the Bed* 
Chamber ; and receiv'd both Honours the rather, beca^fe, a^ 
ter he had refus'd to take a Proteflation, which both Houfei 
had ordered to be taken by all their Members, They had like«> 
vrife Voted, ^^ That no Man (hould be capable or any Pr&^ 
^* ferment in Church or State, who refus'd to take the famo^ 
and he would Qiew how much he contemn'd thofe Votes. He 
went with the King to Xork ^ was moft foUicitous, as hath been 
faid, for the offer of Peace at Nottingham ^ and was with bi^ 
at Ed^e-hil/; and came and ftayed with him at Qs^fatif to tb^ 
end of the War, taking all opportunites to advance all mo- 
tions towards Peace y and as no Man was more pundual 19 
performing his own duty, fo no Man had more Melancholy . 
apprehenhons of the iflue of the War ; which is all fliall b^ 
faid of him in this place, there being frequent occa&ons X9 
mention him, in the countinuance of thi$ difqourfe. 

T H ^ Earl of Uicefter was a Man of great parts, very CQiv of^^* £^ 
veriant in Books, and much addidted to the Mathematicks^'/^^^^' 
and though he had been a Soldier, and Commanded a Regi- ^^^' 
inent, in the Service of the States of the United Province!^ 
and was afterwards employed in feveral Embaffies, as in D^ih 
markj and in France^ was in truth rather a Speculative than a 
Pradical Man; and expaded a greater Certitude in the coiv 
fultation of buhnefs, than the bufinefs of this world is capsk- 
J>le of: which temper proved very inconvenient to him 
through the courfe of his Life. He was, after the death qf 
the Earl oistrafford^ by the concurrent kindnefs and efteeqi 
both of King and Queen, call'd from his Embafly in Framf^ 
to be Lieutenant of the Kingdom of Irfland', and, in a very 
(hoit time after, unhappily lofl that kindnefi and eftees) : 
And being, about the time of the King's coming to Oxfif4^ 
ready to Embark at cheftery for the execution of his Charge, 
he was Vequir'd to attend his Majefty, for farther Inftrudtioo^, 
at Oxford; where h» remain'd ^ and though he was of th^ 
Council, and (bmetimes pref^at, he defired not to bavp ai|y 
part in the bufinefs ; and lay under many reproaches and je^ 
loufies, which he dderv'd not : For he was a Man of Honoi^, 
and Fidelity to the King, and his greateft misfortunes pro- 
ceeded from the itaggering, and irrefolution in his Nature. 

The Earl of Brtftol was a Man of a grave afpedt, of a P^c-^? '^ST^ 
fence th^tdrew refped:, and of long experience in Aflfairs of*' ^^* 
great Iropottance. He had been, by the extraordinary ftvovtf 
of King 7^w»e/ to his Perfon (for he was a very handfome 
Man) and his parts, whi(:h were naturally great, and had 
been improved hj good Education at home and abroad, fetit 
Embafladpur into 9fain^ b^ore he was thirty years of Age ^ 

O 2 and 

idi TheBftory Book VI. 

and afterwards in feveral other EmbafEes j and at laft, agaid 
into Sfdin-y where he Treated, and Concluded the Marriage 
between the Prince of Wales and that Infanta ; which was ^- 
terwards diflbly'd. He was by King James made of the Privy 
Council, Vice-Chamberlain of the Houfehold, an Earl, and 
a Gentleman of the Bcd-Chamber to the Prince, and was then 
cruQi'd by the power of the Duke of Buckingham^ and the 
prejudice the Prince himfelf had contrafiied againft him, du* 
ring his Highnefs's being in Spain '^ upon which he was impri* 
ibn'd upon his return^ and after the Duke's death, the King 
retained fo ftridl a Memory of all that Duke's Friendfhips and 
Diipleafures, that the Earl of Br^^/ could never recover any 
admKEonto Court ^ but liv'd in the Country, in eafe, and 
plenty in his Fortune, and in great Reputation with all who 
md not an implicit Reverence for the Court; and before, and 
in the beginning of the Parliament, appear'd in the Jiead of 
all the difcontented Party; but quickly left them, when they 
entePd upon their unwarrantable Violences, and grew fo 
much into their disfavour, that after the King was gone to 
tarkj upon (bme expredions' he us'd in the Houfe of Peers in 
Debate, they Committed him to the Tower ; from whence 
being releas d, in two or three days, he made hdde to Tork to 
jthe King; who had before reftor'd him to his place in the 
Coutici^ and the Bed-Chamber. He was with him at Edge-- 
biU^ and came with him from thence to Oxford-^ and, at the 
end of the War, went into France -^ where he died; that Party 
having fo great an Animofity againft him, that they would 
not fufter him to live in England^ nor to compound for his 
rEflate, as they fuffer'd others to do, who had done them more 
hurt. Though he was a Man of great parts, and a Wife 
Man, yet he had been for the moft part fingle, and by him- 
•iclf in bufinefs; which he managed with good fufficiency; 
and had liv'd little in confort, fo that in Council he was paf- 
iionate, and fupercilious, and did not bear contradi^ion with- 
out much paflion, and was too vbluminous in difcourfe ; fo 
that he was not confider'd there with much refpedt; to the let- 
fening whereof no Man contributed more than his Son, the 
Lord Dighy ^ who flioftly after came to fit there as Secretary 
of State, and had not that reverence for his Father's Wifdom, 
which his great experience deferv'd, though he fail'd not in 
his Piety towards him. 
ofthiEari The Earl ofNew-CaJlle was a Perfon well bred, and of a 
^ew- ftiU and plentiful Fortune ; and had been chofen by the King 
to be Govcrnour to the Prince of fVa/eSy and made of the 
Council, and refign'd that Office of Governour to the Mar- 
«s of Hertfordy for the reafons which have been mention'd. 
te was not at Oxford^ but remain'd at KewJOafiU^ with the 



Of the Rebellion^ &c. aog 

King's CommiflioQ to be General of tbofe Parts; being n 
Man of great Courage, and fignal Fidelity to the Crown, of * 
whom there will be more occafioa hereafcer to enlarge. 

The £arl of Berk-Jhire was of the Council, but not yetofthtEsH 
at Oxford y having been, about, or before the fetting up of the rf, Berk- 
Standard, taken Prifoner in Oxfordjhirey and committed to ^, 
the Tower, upon an imagination that h^ had fome purpoie ' 
to have executed the CommifBon of Array in that County ^ 
but they afterwards fet him at Liberty, as a Man that coiud 
do them no harm any where ; and then he came to Oxford^ 
with the Title, and pretences of a Man, who had been im- 
Driibn'd for the King, and thereby merited more than hi^ 
Majefty bad to give. His A£fedtion for the Crown was goKxi, • 
but his Intereft little. 

The Lord Dunjmore had been made a Privy Counfellor, 
after fo many, who had deferv^ worfe, had been call'd thi- 
ther ; and was ready to do whatever he was diredled; he was 
a Man of a rough, and tempeftuous Nature, violent in purfu- 
ing what he wiQi'd, without judgment, or' temper to Know 
the way of bringing it to pais ; however, he had fome kind 
of power with froward and difcontented Men ; at leaft he had 
credit to make them more indifpofed. But his sreateft Re- 
putation was, that the Earl of Southampton Married his Daugh- 
ter, a beautiful and a worthy Lady. 

The Lord Seymour^ being Brother to the Marquis dl ^■ 
Hertfordy was a Man of Intereft, and Reputation ^ he had 
been always very Popular in the Country j where he had liv'd 
out of the grace of the Courts and his parts, and judgment, 
were beft in thofe things which concern^ the good husban- 
dry, and the Common Adminilbration ofjuftice to the People. 
In the beginning of the Parliament, he ferv'd as Knight of the 
Shire for Wdtjhirey where he rclided j and behaving himfelf 
with lefs violence in the Houfe of Commons, than manv of 
his old Friends did, and having a great Friendlhip for the Karl 
of Strafford^ he was, by His interpofition, call'd to the Houfe 
of Peers; where he carried himfelf very well in all things re- 
lating to the Crown ; and when the King went to Torky he 
left 8he Parliament, and followed his Majefty, stod remain'd| 
firm in his Fidelity. 

The Lord Savil was like wife of the Council* being firft 
Controller, and then Treafurer of the Houfliold, in recom- 
pence of his difcovery of all the Treafbns, and Confpiracies, 
after they had taken efFed, and could not be punifli d. He 
was a Man of an Ambitious and Reillefs Nature; of Parts and 
Wit enough ; but, in his difpoQtion, and inclination, fo Falfe, 
that he could never be believ'd, or depended upon. His par- 
ucular Malice to the £arl of StrMfford. whjch he had fi|c)c'd 

o } m 

The Hiftory Book VL 

ib witfa his MiHc (there havine; always been an imnaortal Feud 
between the Families; and the £ai:l had Qirewdly overborn 
his Father) bad engaged him with aU Perfons who were will* 
it^ and like to be ablt to do Him mifchief. And fo, having 
ortunity when the Kii^ was at the Berks^ and made the 
imhappy Pacification, to enter intx) Converfttion, and Ac- 
qaamtance, with thofe who were then employ'd as Commi(^ 
fioners from the Stots^ there was a fecret intelligence entered 
fttto between them from that time ; and he was a principal 
jtofttument to engage that Nation, to march into Effgifnd with 
iatt Army ; which they did the next year after. To which 
j^tpofe, he fcnc them a Letter, fign'd with the Names of fe- 
Vmi of the Engltfh Nobility, inviting them to enter the King- 
dom, and making great promifcs of Affiftance; which Names 
iB'ere forged by himfelfj without the privity of thofe who 
were named. And when all this mifchief was brought to paf% 
^en^be found his credit in the Parliament not fo great as othei* 
iAtms^ he infinuatcd himfelf in to credit withfome body, wh^ 
btoafgjit him to the King or Queen, to whom he contefs'd iU 
lie bad done to bring in the ScotSy and who had Confpired 
^ith him, and all tl^ fecrets he knew, with a thoufand Pro- 
feiftations ** To repair all by future Loyalty, and Service j for 
^ch he was promifed a White Statf^ which the King had 
then xefolv'd to take from Sr Henry Vane^ who held it with the 
Sefcfetaries Office j which he had accordingly ; though all his 
Aficovery was of no other ufe, than that the King knew many 
had been Falfe, whom he could not Punifh; and fome, whom 
he could iK)t fufpedt. When the King came to Xork^ where 
this Lord's Formne, and Intereft lay, his Reputation was fo 
^w, that the Gentlemen of Intereft, who wifh'd well to the 
Kings Service, would not communicate with him ; and, after 
the King*8 remove from thence, the Earl of New-Cafiie found 
caufc to have fuch a jeaioufy of him, that he thought it ne- 
CdHary to imprifon him : and afterwards fent him to Oxford^ 
i(9tiere he fo well purged himfelf, that he was again reftor'd 
to his Office. But in the end he behaved himfelf fo ill, that 
iteKing put him again out of his place, and committed him 
t6 Prifon, and never after admitted him to his Prefence ; nor 
li^ould any Man of Quality ever after keep any corre(pondence 
With liim. 

Ov the Lord Falkland^ and S^John C9iep€ppery there hath 
be^n fo much (aid before, that there is no occa&m to add to 
i. it! this place. There will be reafon too foon to lament the 
jaUhappy deadi of the former; and the latter, who never fail'd 
ib Ms Fidelity* will be very ofcctt tncncioB'd throog^xxit the 

S:^ cuET xntY VBibQlm was a very lieiiieft, aad i^diiftrioua 


Of the Rphellion, Soc; loy 

Man, and always vcrfcd in bufincfs ; which few of the other 
were, or had been. After foroc time fpent in the Upiverfity 
of Oxford^ and then in the JVliddle lemple^ he liv'd foroe 
years in France ; and was afterwarda Seaec4ry to the Lord 
Zducby who was a Privy Counfellor, and Warden of the 
Cinque Ports ^ and thereby he underftood all that Jyri&ii^tkmy 
which is very great, and exclufive to the Admiral. And when , 
that Lord, many years after, iUrrender'd d^at O/fice jro the 
King, to the end that it might be conferr'd upon the Duke of 
Buckmghavjy his Secretary was likewifed prefi^r'd with the 0^ 
fice ; and fo, in a fhort time, became secretary of the Ad- 
miralty, as well as of the Cinque Ports; and was entirely 
truded, and efteem'd by that great Favourite. After his death, 
be continued in the fame place, wbilft the OfSce was %n Com- 
mildion, and was then made Clerk of the Council, from 
whence the King caird him to be Secretary of State, after 
Secretary Wmdebank fled the Kingdpm; upon his Majefty's 
own obfervation of his Virtue, and Fidelity, and without any 
other recommendation : and he was in truth, throughout \M 
whole Life, a Perfon of very good Reputation, ana of fingu- 
lar Integrity. 

There remain only two pf the Council then at Oxford^ 
who are not yet named, Sr John Banh^ who had been Attur- 
ney General, and was then Chief Juftice of the Common 
Fleas, a Grave, and a Learned Man in the profeflion of the 
Law ^ and Sr Titer Wych^ who had been Embafladour at Cte- 
fiantinofk'^ from whence he remm'd very little before the 
Troubles, and gratihed Sr 11?9mat Jermyn vcrf liberally for 
his White Staff^ when the Court was very Lmv^ and fo was 
made a Privy Counfeilor, and Controller of the Houfbold. 
He was a very honeft, plain Man ; and dyed very fliortly afc- 
terthe Treaty, and was fiicceeded by S^Ckrtft^^er Hattim, 
a Perfon of. great Reputation at that time, ivhich in few year-s 
he found a way to diminiih. 

O F thofe who were of the King's Council, and who ftay'd ^f ^H^ •/ 
and aded with the Parliament, the £arl of NerthumberUmd 'c^J^mL 
mav well be reckon'd the chief in refpeS of the Antiquity ^fayU 
and Splendour of his Family, his great Fortune, and Eirat^ mth the 
and the general Reputation he had among the greateft Men, PariiamMt. 
and his great Intereft, by being High Admiral of England, ^f'^^j^ 
Though he was of a Family, that had lain under frequent blei- umberland. 
mifhes of want of Fidelity to the Crown, aiKl his Father iiad 
been long a Prifoner in the Tower, under fome fufpicion of 
having fome knowledge of the Gun-powder Treafon ^ and 
after he was fet at Liberty, by the Mediation and Credit of 
the Earl of CarliJU^ who had without, and againft* his con* 
fent Married his Daughter, he condnuod, to his death, uor 

O 4 dcr 

2.65 The Hi/lory BookVI. 

der fuch a reftraint, that he had not liberty to live and refide 
upon his Northern Eftate : Yet this Lord's Father was no 
iboner dead, than the King pour'd out his Favours upon him 
in a wonderful h^eafure : he begun with conferring the Order 
of the Garter upbn him, and (hortly after made him of his 
Privy Council : when a great Fleet of Ships was prepared, 
by which the King meant ithat his Neighbour Princes Ihould 
difcern, that he intended to maintain, and preferve his Sove* 
raignty at Sea, he fent the Earl of Northumberland Admiral of 
chat Fleet, a much grekter than the Crown had put to Sea, 
fince the death of Queen Eiizahethj that he might breed him 
for that Service, before he gave him a more abfoluoe Com- 
mand. And after he /had, in that Capacity, exercifed him- 
fe]f a year or two, the King made him Lord High Admiral 
oi England'^ which was fuch a quick fucceflion of Bounties and 
Favours, as had rarely befallen any Man, who had not been 
attended with the Envy of a Favourite. He was, in all his 
deportment, a very great Man, and that which look'd like 
Formality, was a punduality in preferving his Dignity, from 
thp invauon and mtrufion of bold Men, which no Man of 
that Age fo well preferv'd himfelf from. Though his No- 
tions were not large or deep, yet his temper, and referved- 
nefs in difeourfe, and his reiervednefs in fpeaking, got him 
the Reputation of an Able, and a Wife Man j which he made 
evident in the excellent Governroeut of his Family, where no 
Man was more abfolutely obeyed ^ and no Man had ever 
fewer idle words to Anfwer for j and in debates of importance, 
he always ^suptets'd himfelf very pertinently. If he had thought 
the King imnuch above Him, as he thought Himfelf above 
other confiderable Men, he would have been a good Subjed:; 
but the extreme undervaluing thofe, and not enough valuing 
the King, made him lyable to the impreflions, which they who 
approach^ him by thofe AddreflTes of Reverence, and Elteem, 
that ufually infinuate into fuch Natures, made in him. So 
that after he was firft prevail'd upon, not to do that which in 
honour and gratitude he was oblig'd to (which is a very pefti- 
lent corruption ) he was, with the more Facility, led to concur 
|n what, in Duty and Fidelity, he ought not to have done, 
and which at fiiit he never intended to have done. And fo, he 
^ concurred in all the Counfels which produced the Rebellion, 
and ffay'd with them to fupporc it ^ which is as much as is 
neceflary to fay of him in this place, fince there will be often 
pccaGon hereafter to mention him, with feme enlargement. 
pftht Edrl The Earl of Pembroke hath been enough mentioned in a 
>foke*' better conjuncture of time, when his Virtues were thought 
^ • * greater than they were, and his Vices verj^ little difcern*d. 
^^et by what wa$ t)ien mi^ his Nature and his Parts might be 


Of the ReheUion, &c. 107 

well enough underftood, and as neither the One, nor the Other 
were improveable, fo they were liable to be corrupted by 
any A(!aults^ his Undefftanding being eafy to be impoied 
upon, and his Nature being made up of very ftrong PaUions. 
Whillt there was Tranquillity in the Kingdom, he enjoyed 
his full fliare in Pomp and Greatnefs ; the largenefs and plenti- 
fulnefs of his Fortune being attended with reverence, and de- 
pendence fix)m the People where his Ettate, and Intereft lay, 
and where indeed he was a great Man; getting an afifedion 
and elteem from Perfons who had no dependence upon him, 
by his magnificent Living, and difcourfing highly of Juftice, 
and of the Proteftant Religion ; inveighing bitterly againfc 
Popery, and telling what he ufed to fay to the King; and 
fpeaking frankly orthe overfights of the Court, that he might 
not be thought a Slave to it. He had been bred from his 
Cradle in the Court; and had that perfeSion of a Courtier, 
that as he was not wary enough in offending Men, fo he was 
forward in acknowledging it, even to his Inferiors, and to 
impute it to his Paffion, and ask Pardon for it ; which made 
him be thought a well natur'd Man. Befides, he had an Of- 
fice which, at that time, entitled him to the exercife of fomc 
Rudenefs, and the good Order of the Court had fome depen- 
dence upon his Incivilities. ' 

There were very few great Perfons in Authority, who , 
were not frequently offended by him, by iharp and fcandalous 
difcourfes, and invedives againft them, behind their backs ; 
for which they found it belt to receive fati^&d;ion by Sub- 
miflidns, and Profeffions, and Proteftations, whieh^Bta a Coin 
he was plentifully fupplied with for the payment <$ all thofe 
Debts; whilft the King retained only fome kindnefs for him, 
without any great efteem of hini. Bur", from the beginning 
of the Parliament, when he faw, and heard a People itout 
enough to inveigh againft the King's Authority, and to fall 
upon thofe Perfons, whom he had always more fear'd than 
lov'd ; and found that there were two Armies in the King- 
dom, and that the Kinghad not the entire Command of either 
of them; when the Decrees of the Star-Chamber, and the 
Orders and A£ts of the Council, in all which he had con- 
curr'd, were call'd in queftion, and like to be made penal to 
thofe, who would not redeem their paft Errors by future Ser- 
vice ; his Fear, which was the Pafiion always predominant 
in him, above all Ins Choler and Rage, prevailed fo &r over 
him, that he gave himfelf up into the hands of the Lord Say^ 
to difpofe of him as he thought fit, till the King cook the 
White Staff* from him, and gave it to the Earl ofEfex^ as hath 
been related at large before. 

From tibis time, he took himfelf to be abfolv'd from all 


io8 TheH't/iory BookVI. 

obligttionty tnd dependence upon the Court, which he had 
liv'd too long in to be willing to quit ; and therefore the 
more clofcly adhcr'd to Them by whofe Power he thought 
he might get thither again ; and for fome time, entertain'd 
the hope of obtaining the other Superior White Staff, which 
remain'd then in the King's hand by the departure of the Earl 
oi Arundel into the parts beyond the Seas. But when he faw 
that Staff given co the DuJoe oiBichmond^ who was then made 
Lord Steward of the Houlbold , he give over thofe weak 
imaginations, and concurr'd roundly in all the Lord Say pro- 
pofed; and was fo weak ftHl as to believe They never meant 
to Rebel againft the King; or diat the King could long Tub* 
filt, without putting himfelf into Their hands. When they 
had any thing to do in the Weft, as the exercife of the Mi- 
litia, or executing any other Ordinance, they fent him into 
the Country, and Ihew'd him to the People under the Con- 
dud of two or three Members of the Houfe, in whom they 
could Confide ; and he talk'd " Of the King's evil Counfel- 
^lors, who carried him from his Parliament; and of the Mar 
^lignants; and againft Scandalous Minifters; whilft none of 
his old Friends came near him. And when they were refolv'd 
no longer to truft the IHe erf" Wight in the hands of the Earl 
of Portlandy who had been long the King's Governour there, 
und had an abfolute power over the Aftediions of that People, 
They preferred the poor Earl of Pembroke to it, by an Ordi- 
nance of Parliament ; who kindly accepted it, as a Teftimony 
of their Favour ; and fo got into actual Rebellion, which he 
never intended to do. It is pity to fay more of him, and lefs 
could not be &id to make him known. 

Of the Earl T H E Earl of Ejpx hath been enough mention'd before ; 

#/ Effcx. his Nature, and his Underftandfng have been delcrib'd j his 
former difobligations from the Court,and then his Introdudtion 
into it, and afterwards his being difplaced from the Office he 
held in it^ have been fet forth ; and there will be occafion, 
hereafter, to renew the difcourfe of him j and therefore it 
fliall fuffice in this place, to fay, that a weak Judgment, and 
fome Vanity, and much Pride, will hurry a Man into as un- 
warrantable, and as violent Attempts, as the greateft, and 
moft unlimited, and infatiable Aim>itiorl will do. He had 
no Ambition of Title, or Office, or Preferment,, hut only to 
be kindly look'd upon, and kindly fpoken to, and quietly to 
enjoy his own Fortune : and without doubt, no Man in his 
Nature more abhorr'd Rebellion than he did, nor could he 
have been led into it by any open and tranfparent Tempta- 
tion, but by a thoufand diiguifes and couz.enage$. His Pride 
fupplied his want of Ambition, and be was angry to fee any 

Qtfaer Maa more tiefpofted than Jbimfttf, becaufe Jhe thought 


Of the ReheUion^ &c. 209 

be deferv'd it more and did better requite it. For he was 
in his Friendships juft, and conltant^ and would not have 
pra^iced fouly i^inft tho(e he took to be Enemies. No 
Man had credit enough with him to corrupt him in point of 
Lovalty to the King, wbilft he thought hioueif Wife enough 
to know what Treafon was. But the new Doctrine, and di- 
iiindion of Allegiance, and of the King's Power in and out 
of Parliament, and the new Notions of Ordinancea, were too 
hard for him, and did really intoxicate his Underllanding, 
and made him quit his own, to follow Theirs^ who, he 
thought, wi(h'd as well, and juck'd better than bimielf. His 
Vanity difpofed hira to be Y^ Excellency^ and his Weak- 
nefs, to believe that he Ihould be the General in the Houfes^ 
as well as in the Field ; and be able to govern their Coun- 
ieis, and reib'ain their IHiffions, as well as to Fight their Bat- 
tles^ and that, by this means, he (hould become the Pre« 
ferver, and not the Deltroyer of the King and Kingdom. 
With this ill grounded Confidence, he Launch'd out into that 
Sea, where he met with nothing but Rocks and Shelves, and 
from whence, he could never difcover any iafe Port to Har- 
bour in. 

Th£ Earl of Ulisiwrj had been bom and bred in Qxyoii^ofthiZAri 
and had the advantage of a defeenr from a Father, and a *l^ 
Grand-father^ who bad been ^^y Wife Mm», and great Mi- ^' 
nifters of State in the Eyes of chrtfiemkm'^ wboCe Wi£dom 
and Virtues died with them, «nd meir Oukken only inhe« 
rited their Titles. He had been admitted of the Council to 
King James ; from which time he continued So obfeqoious to 
the Court, that be never fail'd in overacting all that he was 
required to do. No A£t of Power was ever proposed, which * 
he did not advance, tmd execute his part with the utmofl: 
Rigour. No Man fo great a Tyrant in his Couiury, or was 
lefis iway'd by any motives ot juitice or Hoikmit. He was m 
Man ot no words, except in Hunting, and Hawking. la 
matters of State, and Council, He always coiK}urr'4 in what 
was propofed for the King, and cancdfd aad repair'd all 
diofe TranrgreKSons, by concarhiig in all that was propofed .^ 

againft Him, -aflbon as any iidch Propoiitions were made. 
Yet when the King went to Terk^ He likewife attended upon 
his Majedy ; and, at that diihtnce, feem'd to have feco^^er'4 
feme Coorage, and concurred in ail Counfels w«hich wene 
taken to undeceive the People, and to make the proceedings 
of the Parliament odious to all the Worl'd. Bur, on a fuddain, 
he caufed'his Horfes to attend him out of the lown, and 
having placed frefh ones at a diftance, he fled back to Lm^ 
don^ with the expedition fudh Men ufe, when they ase mod 
affriid; and never after denied to do any thtqg that iwas xc* 


%t6 TbeHi/iory BookVT. 

qair'd of him ; Mid when the War was ended, and CromweO 
rad pat down the Houfe of Peers, he got himfelf to be 
chofen a Member of the Houfe of Commons ; and fat with 
them, as of their own Body y and was efheem'd accordingly. 
oftkeBdH The Earl of Warwick was of the King's Council too, but 
wiX"* was not wonder'd at for leaving the Kin^, whom he had ne- 
ver well ferv'd ; nor did he look upon himfelf as obliged by 
that Honour, which, he knew, was conferr'd upon him in the 
croud of thofe whom his Majefty had no efteem of, or ever 
propofed to Truft ; fo his bufinefi was to jovn with thofe to 
whom he bw'd his I^romotion. He was a Man of a pleafanr, 
and Companiable Wit, and Converfation y of an univerfal 
Jollity ; and fuch a licence in his Words, and in his A&ipns, 
chat a Man of lefs Virtue could not be found out ; fo that one 
might reafonably have believ'd, that a Man fo qualified, would 
not have been able to have contributed much to the over- 
throw of a Nation, and Kingdom. But with all thefe faults, 
he had great Authority and Credit with that People, who, in 
, the beginning of the Troubles, did all the mifchief ^ and by 
opening his doors, and making his Houfe the Rendezvous of 
all the Silenced Miniiters, in the time when there was Au- 
thority to Silence them, and (pending a good part of his Eftate, 
of which he was very prodigal, upon them, and by being 
prefent with them at their Devotions, and making himfeff 
merry with them, and at them, which they difpenled with. 
He became the head of That Party ; and got the Style of a 
Godly Man. When the King revoked the Earl of Northum- 
herlaTicTs Commiffion of Admiral, He prefently accepted the 
Office from the Parliament; and never quitted their Service ; 
and when Cromwell disbanded that Parliament, he betook 
himfelf to the pfotedlion of the Protedlor ; Married his Heir 
to his Daughter ; and liv'd in fo entire a Confidence, and 
Friendfhip with him, that when the Protedkor dy'd, he ex- 
ceedingly lamented him. He left his Eftate, which before was 
Subjedl to a vaft Debt, more improved and repaired, than any 
Man who Traffick'd in that defperate Commodity of Rebellion. 
€ftk(tE4rt The Earl of Holland had grown up under the (hadow of 
•/Holland, the Court,and had been too long a Counfellor before, and con- 
tributed too much to the Counfels which had moil prejudiced 
the Crown, to have declined waiting upon it, when it needed 
Attendance. But he chofe to ftay with the Parliament ; and 
there hath been enough faid of him before, and more mult be 
feid hereafter. And therefore it fhall fuffice now, to fay, that 
there was a very froward Fate attended all, or molt of the 
Pofterity of that Bed, from whence he and his Brother of War- 
nokk had their original ; though he, and fome others among 
them^ had many very good Parts, and excellent Endowments. 


of the ReleUton^ &c an 

The Earl of Mamhefiw^ of the whole Cabal, was, in ^oftk^tM 
thou&nd refpedls, moft uo& for the Company faekepc. He «^ Man- 
was of a gentle, and a generous Nature; civilly bred ^ bad cbete. 
Reverence and Afie^on for the Perfon of the King, upoa 
whom he had attended in Sf^ ^ lov'd his Country wixh coo 
unskilful a tendemefs ; and was of fo excellent a Temper, and 
Difpofition, that the barbarous times, and the rough parts he 
was forced to z& in them, did not wipe our, or much deface 
chofe Marks ^ Infbmuch as he was never guilty of any rude-* 
nefs towards thofe he was obliged to opprefs, but performed 
always as good Offices towards his old Friends, and all other 
Perfons, as the iniquity of the Time, and the nature of the 
Employment he was in, would permit him to do; which kind 
of humanity could be imputed to very few. 

H E was at laft difmifs'd, and removed from any Truft, for 
no other reafon, but becaufe he was not Wicked enough. 
He married firft into the Family of the Duke of Buckingham^ 
and, by His Favour, and Interell:, was caird to the Houfe of 
Peers in the life of his Father ; and made Baron oiKmifoltcn^ 
chough he Was commonly treated and known by the Name 
of the Lord MamdevHy and was as much addided to the fer* 
vice of the Court as he ought to be. But the death of his Lady^ 
and the Murder of that great Favorite, his fecond Marri- 
age with the Daughter of the Earl of Warwick^ and the very 
narrow, and reftrain'd maintenance, which he received from 
his Father, and which would in no degree defray the expen- 
ces of the Court, forced him too foon to retire to a Country 
Lifo; and totally to abandon both the Court, and JUmdom^ 
whither he came very feldom in many years. And in this 
retirement, the difcountenance which his r atber underwent ac 
Court, the converfacion of that Family into which he waa 
Married, the bewitching Popularity, which flow'd upon him 
with a wonderful torrent, and the want of thofe Guards which 
a good Education ihould have fiipplied him with, by the clear 
Notion of the Foundation of the £ccle&aftical, as well as die 
Civil Government, made a great impreilion upon his Under- 
ftanding (for his Nature was never corrupted, but remained 
itillin it's Integrity) and made him believe that the Court 
was inclin'd to hurt, and even to deftroy the Country ^ and 
from particular Inftances to make general, and dangerous con- 
cluOons. They wh(5 had been always Enemies to the Church 
prevailed with him to leflen his reverence for it, and having 
not been well infbuded to defend it, he yielded too eafily Co 
chofe who confidently aflaulted it^ and thought it had great 
errors, which were neceflary to be reform'd; and that all 
means are lawful to compafs chat which is neceflary. Where- 
as Che true Logick is, that the thing de&r'd is not neceflarjr, 


:al^ The Hifiory Book VI. 

if the wsys are unlawful which are prc^fed to bring it to 
pafs. * No Man was Gourted with more application, by Per^ 
Ions of all conditions, and qualities ^ and his Perfon was not 
lefs acceptable to thofe of (teddy and tincorrupted Principles, 
than to thofe of deprav'd inclinations. And in the end, even 
his Piety adminifter'd fome excufe to him 5 for his Fatherfs 
infirmities, and tranigreOions, had fo <ar expofed him to the 
inquifition' of Juftice, that the Son found it neceflary to pro- 
cure the AHiltance, and Protection of thofe who were (trong 
enough to violate Juftice it felf ; and fo he adhered to thofe 
who were bcft able to defend his Father's Honour, and there- 
by to fecure his own Fortune } and concurr'd with them in 
their moft violent defigns, and gave reputation to them. And 
the Court as unskilftHly took an occafion too foon to make 
him dcfperate , by accufing him of High Treafon , when 
^ though he might be guilty enough ) he was, without doubt, 
in his Intentions, at lealt, ai innoceht as any of the leading 

It is (bme Evidence, that God Almighty faw his heart 
was not fo malicious as the reft, that he preferv'd Him to the 
eiid of the confufion; when he appear'd as glad of the Kingf« 
Rcftoration, and had heartily wifli'd it long before, and very 
few, who had a hand in the contrivance of the Rebellion, gave 
fo manifeft tokens of Repentance as He did \ and having, for 
many years, undergone the jealoufy, and hatred of cronywill^ 
as one who abominated the Murder of the King, and all the 
Barbarous proceeding sagainft the Lives of Men in cold Blood ; 
the King upon his return received him into grace and favour, 
which he never after forfeited by any undutitul behaviour. 
oftht Urd The ia(t of thofe Counfcllors which were made after the 
^y- feftion prevailed in Parliamenr, who were all made to advance 

an Accomodation, and who aidhered to the Parliament, was 
the Lord Say^ a Man, who had the dcepcll: hand in the ori- 
ginal Contrivance of all the Calamities which befel this un- 
happy Kingdom, though he had not the leaft thought of diC- 
folving the Monarchy, and lefs of levelling the Ranks, and 
DittinOTonsof Men. For no Man valued himfelfmore upon 
bisTitle, or had more Ambition to make it greater, and to 
wife his Fortune, which was but moderate for his Title. He 
was of a proud morofe, and fullen Nature ; converfed much 
with Books, bavins been bred a Scholar,* and (though nobly 
bom) a Fellow of New College in Oxford ^ to which he 
claimed a right, by the Alliance he pretended to have from 
Wifliam of IVtckhamy the Founder j which he made good by 
a for fetched Pedigree, through fo many hundred years, half 
the time whereof extinguilhes all relation of kindred. How- 
ever upon that pretence, that College had been feldom with- 

Of the Rehellion^ &c. li ^ 

out one of that Lord's Family. His parts were not quick, but 
fo much above many of his own Rank, that he had always 
great Credit, and Authority in Parliament^ and the ttore, 
for taking all opportunities to oppofe the Courts and He had, 
with his Milk, fuck'd in an implacable Malice againlb the Go 
verament of the Church. When the Duke of Buckingham 
propofed to himfelf , after his return with the Prince from 
Spain^ to make himfelf Popular, by breaking that match, and 
to be gracious with the Parliament, as for a Ihorc time he 
was, he refolv'd to embrace the Frieildfliip of the Lord Say^ 
who was as foliicitous co climb by that Ladder^ 3ut the 
Duke quickly found him of too Imperious, and pedantical a 
Spirit, and to zStQc, too dangerous mutations; and fo caft 
him oS'^ and from that time he gave over any purfuit in 
Court, and liv'd narrowly in the Country; having converfa- 
tion with very few, but iuch who had great IVbiignity againft 
the Church and State, and fomented their inclinations, and 
gave them inftrudlions how to behave themfelves with cau- 
tion, and to do their Bufinefs with molt fecuricy ; and wa^ 
in truth the Pilot, that Steer'd all thofe Vedets which were 
freighted with Sedition to deftroy the Government. 

H ts found always fome way to make profeffions of duty to 
the King, and made feveral undertakings to do great Setvices^ 
which he could nor, or would not , make good ; ar^ made 
hafte to poflefs himfelf of any Prefierment he could compa^ 
whillt his Friends were content to attend a more proper con- 
jundhire. So he got the Mafterfliip of the Wards ilK>rtly after 
the beginning of the Parliament, and was as foliicitous to 
be Treafurer after the death of the Earl of Bedford y und^ it 
he could huve facisfied his Rancour in any degree againi^ the 
Church, be would have been ready to have carried the Pre« 
r^ative as high as ever it was* When he thbu^t there wa9 
mifchi«^ enough done, he would have ftopped the current^ 
and have diverted farther Fury; but he then iouiKl he had onlf 
Authority and Credit lo do hurt; uKm6 to heal the woiHids he 
had given; and fell into as much Contempt with tfaofe' Whom 
he had 1^ u he was with tbofe whom he had undone. 

The lad of thf^ CoanfeliorS who'ftayed with the Parlta-o/'^rHea^ 
menr, was S' Henry Fane; who bad fo much excufe for it,ry Vane#*# 
that, being thrown out of Court, he had no whither clfe to *^^* 
go; and promis'd himfelf xo be much made of by Them, for 
whofe fakes only he had bwought that infamy upon himfelf. 
He was of very ordinary parts by Nature, and had not culti- 
vated them at all by Art ^ for he was Illiterate. But being of 
a ftirring and boilterous difpofition, very induftrious, and 
very bold, he ftill wrought himfelf into fome employment. 
He had been acquainted with the viciffitudes of Court, and 


%l^ The Hiflory Book VI. 

had Undergone fom^ fev^e Mortification, by the disfavour of 
die Duke of BMckingh^m, in the beginning of the King's Reign. 
But the Duke was no fooner de^ (which made it behev'd 
that he had made his Peace in his hte time, for the King was 
not, in a long time after, reconciled to any Man who was 
eminently in the Duke's dis&vour). but he was again brought 
into the Court, and made a<!)ouafellor and Controller of the 
Houfehold ; which place he became well, and was fit for, and 
if he had never taken other preferment, he might probably 
have continued a good Subj^. For he had not inclination 
to change, and in his judgmejit he, had liked the Govern- 
ment both of Church, and State y and only defired to raife 
his Fortune, which was not great, and which he found many 
ways to improve. And he was wont to lay, " That he never 
*^had defired other preferment; and believ'd, that Marquis 
^ Hamit$» (with whom he had never kept fair quarter) when 
^ he firft propofed to him to be . Seaetary of State, did it to 
f^aSront him; well knowing hi^ want of Ability for the dif* 
^.charge of that Office;- But^- without doubt, as the fatal pre- 
ferring him to that place was of unfpeakable prejudice to the 
King, fo his receiving it was to his own dettrudtion. Hia 
l^oalice to the Earl of Strafford (who had unwifoly provoked 
h^n), wantonly, and out ofcontempt) tranfported him to all 
imaginable thoughts of Revenge ; which is a Gueft, that na^ 
turally difquiets, and tortures thofe.who entertain it, with all 
Che perplexities they contrive for others ; and That difpofed 
him to facrifice his Honour and Faith, and his Mailer's in- 
terefi^ that he might ruin the Earl, and was buried Himfelf 
in the fame ruin ; for which being juftly chaltifed by the King, 
and turn'd out of his Service, he was left to his own defpair ; 
and though he concurred in all the malicious deQgns againit 
the King, and againft die Church, he grew into the hatred, 
and coiuempt, otthofe who bad made moft ufe of him; and 
^ dyed in univerfal reproach, and not qontemn'd more by any 
, <H his Enemies, than by his own Son ; who had been his^ prin- 
cipal Condudor to Deftru&ion. 

W E now pafs to the Tranfaflions in the Treaty it felf, 
whkh was in the beginning of the Year 1643 . 

The End of the Sixth Book. 


Hiftory of the Rebellion> 8"^. 
B i^ vii. 

Miclll. II. 
Th* beatis thereof judae for reward^ and the Pri^t 
thereof teach fur hu-ef and the Prophets thereof di*, 
vine for mmey. yet will they lean upon the lardy 
tmdfay^ Is not the Lord amot^ ut } none evil ANf 
come uponus. 

The befi of them u as a brier i the mofi t^rigbt fit 
Jbarper than a tbotn-bedge : the day of toy watch' 
men, and thy viftation cometh ; mreJbaU be their^ 

|HEN; the Treaty was firft confeotediij* iia. •/ 
( to.bythe two Houfes, they ordcr'd »*• i*«""^ 
I ihatitfliouldbeupontlie firft Prop9-"^T3* 

(itian made by his Maiefty, and the^icj ^„ 
I firliPropoGcioa niadcb^Themfel«e»i<A./rj*.-<r- 
Md-thae thofc ftiouldi be firft aaa-"_i't' •/•>>' 
eluded on, before ihey.pTOcecdodtd^'"^- 
Ireat upon any of the other Viapi^ 
taicxa. SothattbeCommittccj-inthd 
firft place, ap[?lied themftlVes to iW 
Majefty, upon his own firft Proportion, which was," That hS 
"own Revenue, Magazine^.! owns, Forts, and Ships, wbictf 
*' had been takenjorkeptftomhimby Hoi:ce,lhoukl be fordid 
*' with reftored to him. Ta*which the Commictec anfwery,' 
** That the two Houfes had made ufe of his Majetty's own Rc- 
** venue but in a very finall proportion,, which in a good pait 
" had been employ'd in the maintenance of his ,Chimten, ac-f 
■ Vol. H.Pan IK e "cording. 

%i6 The Hiftoiry Book VIL 

^^ cording to the allowance eftablifli'd by himfelf. And the 
<^ Houfes would fatisiy what (hould remain due to his Majefty 
. « of thofe Sums, which they had received ^ and would leave the 
•^fame to him for the time to come. And they defired likewife, 
^ that his Majefty would rdtort wiBat had been taken for his 
** ufe, upon any of the Bills affign'd to other purpofes by feve- 
<^ral Aos ol Pariiameot, or out; of the prpviiion made for the 
^^Wm of Irefaful: That all the Arms, and Ammunitfon 
^< taken out of his Magazines (hould be deliver'd into his 
^< Stores, and whatloevcr (houldvbe' walking they would fup- 
**ply in kind, according to the Proportions they had received : 
•^ out they propofed, the Perfons, to whofe charge thofe pub- 
*< lick Magazines (hould be coiumittcd, being nominated by 
** his Maje(tyj^ might be fuch, ^s the twp Hoyfes of Parlia- 
^ tnent 'might Con&de i% and that bis Msyefty would re(tore 

^' ^ fuch Atw^ aa4 ^"^^^^^9^^ ^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ 
.^^ufc, frona the feveral Countjes^^'Qties, and Towns. 

'-. ** Th A T the two Hou(eS' woutd remove the Garri(bns out 

^of. aU TQwn0| and Forts in their hands, wherein there were 

*^ no Garrifons before thcfe Troubles, and flight all Fortifica- 

^^ tions made iince that time, and thofe Towns, and Forts, 

^^ to continue in the (ame conditioa they were in before^ and 

<f that thQfe Qarrifoas (hould not be renewed, or the Fordfi^ 

^cations repairM widbout cotifentof his Majefty, and both 

<' Houfes of Parliament. That the Towns, and Forts, which 

*^ were within the jurifdi^oo of the Qnque Ports, (hould be 

•* deliver'd into the hands of fuch a NoWe Perfbn, as the King 

•^fhould appoint to be Warden of the Cinque Ports, being 

^ filch a one as they (hould Confide in. ThsLt Port/houth 

^^ (hould be reduced to the number of the Garrifon, as was at 

^Vthat time when the Lords and Commons undertook the cO- 

^ ftody of it ^ and that all other Forts, Caftles, and Towns, 

^ in which Ganrifbns had been kept, and N4 been fince thf 

^^ b^inning of tbefe Txoublea taken into Their care, and cu- 

^^ ftody, (houid he reduced to the fiimeeftabhfhment they had 

<< in the year 16^6^ and (hould be fo cbntUMied^ and that all 

^ thofe Towns, Forts, and Caftles, (Tknild be deliver'd up 

^iato the hands of fuch Perfons of Qualiqr, and Tnift, to be 

^likewi(e nominated by his Majefty,^ as the two Hou(es 

^ flxmld Confide in. Tnat the Warden of the Cinque Forts, 

Randall Governours, and Commanders of Towns, Caftles, 

^ and Forts^ . fhould keep dbe (ame Towns, Caftles, and Forts, 

^' refpeOivdy, for the Service of his Majefty, and the Mety 

<* of the Kingdom ; and that they (hould not admit into them 

^ any Forreign Forces, or any other Forces rais'd Without his 

^ Majefty'a Authority, and Confent of the two Houfes of 

^^Pa^iiaisfiat^ and tney (hould uie. their tttpoft^^ 


OftheRehellton^Sicc. ai7 

^^ fiipprefi all Forces Whatfoever raifed without fuch Autho- 
^ricy^ and Confenc; and they fliouU fdfe ail Arms^ and 
" Ammunition, provided for any fuch Foices^ 

^' T HE r like wife propopos'd to the Kin^ chat he would re» 
^ move theGarrifoQ out 6tNnp-Ca/lk^ and all other Town& 
<< CaftleS) and Fotts, where anv (hxnSoos bad been placed 
^by bim iince tbefe Troubles^ and that the Fortifica** 
^ tiOQs might be likewife fli^t^ and the Towns and Forts 
^ left in fuch ftate as they were in the year 16^6 2 and that all 
^^ other Towns and GafUea in his hands, wherem there bad 
^ been formerly Garrifons, might be committed to fuch Per-^ 
^^ibns nomiriated by hioo. as the Houfes (hould Confide in| 
^and under (iich Inftni&ions as were formerly mention'd) 
<^and that the new Garriiims ihould not be renewed, or the 
<' Fortifications repair'd^ without the confent of the King and 
<^ both Houfes of Parliament. That the Ships (hould be deli<^ 
^ ver'd into the charge of fiich a NoUe Perfon, as the King 
<< (hould nominate to be Lord High Admiral of EftgUmd^ and 
<< the two Houfes Confide in ^ who (hould receive that Offictt 
^ by Letters Patents, fumt diu ft btn9 geffirity and (hould hava 
^ power to nominate, and appoint all oubordinate Comman* 
^ ders and Officers, and have all other powqrs appertaining ta 
^ the Office of High Admiral ; which Snips he mould enaplof 
<^ far the defence of tbs Kingdom, againlt all Forreign Forced 
^ whatfoever, and for die £ueguard of Merchants, fecuringf . 
^ of Trade, anjd the guarding of Irelmtdj and the intercept-^ 
<<ing of allfupplies to be carried to the Rebels^ and (hould 
<^ ufe bis utmo(t endeavours to fupprefs all Forces, which (hould 
^be raifed by any Perfon without his Majedy's Authority^ 
<< and Confent of the Lords and Commons in Parliament, and 
<^ (hould feife all Arms, and Ammunition, provided for {up-" 
*^ ^ of any fiich Forces. 

To diis Anfwer, by which they required at leaft to go 
whole Sharers with him in his SoveQUgnity, the King repli^^ 
^That he knew not what proportion oi his Revenue had 
<< been made ufe of by his two Houfes, but he had reafon to 
<< believe, if much or it had not been ufed, very much re- 
<<main'd their hands; his whole Revenue being fo 
<< ftopp'd, and feifed on, by the orders of one or both Houfes^- 
<< even to the taldng of his Money out of his Exchequer, and' 
*^ Mint, and Bonds (forced firom his Cofferers Clerk) for the* 
<<Provi(ions of 'hisHoii{hold; that very little had come ta 
<< his ufe for his own fiipport, but he would be weU content- 
^^ ed to allow whatfoever teul been employed in the mainte*^ 
^^ nance of his Chikiren, aiid to receive the Arrears due to 
^ faimftlfy and to be fure of his own for the future. He wai 
<< likewife wiUiog to reftore all Monies taken for his ufe^ by 

P J, «any 

ilS The Hiftory Book VII. 

^^any Authority from him, upon any Bills aifign'd to other 
^purpofes, being affiired he had received very little ornotbing 
^< that way : and he expe&ed likewife, that latisBtOion fhould 
^ be made by them for all thofe feveral vaft fums, received, 
5<and diverted to other purpofes, by orders of one or both 
^< Houfes, which ought to have been paid by the Aft of Pa- 
^'cification to his Subjedls of Scotland^ or emplo/d for the 
•^ difcharge of the debts of the IQngdom^ or, by other Adls 
«^ of Parliament, foi" the relief of his poor Proteftant Subjeas 
^^ in Ireland, For what concerned his Magazines, he was con- 
^ tent that all the Arms, and Ammunition, taken out of hi$ 
^^ Magazines, which did remain in the hands of both Houfes, 
^*orof Perfons employed by them, fliouldbe, as foon as the 
**Treaty was" concluded, delivered into the Tower of London ; 
*'and that whatibever fhould be wanting of the Proportions: 
'^ taken by them, fhould be fupplied by them, with all conve- 
^^nient fpeedlKkind^ which, he faid, fhould be committed 
^^ to^ and continued in, the Cuflody of the fworn Officers, to 
^ wnofe places the fame belonged : And if any of thofe Offi- 
^^cers had already forfeited, or hereafter fhould forfeit that 
^* Trufl:, by any mifdemeanours, his Majefty would by no 
M means defend them from the Jufticc of'^the Law. That he- 
*^ always intended to reftore fuch Arms, and Ammunition,' 
** which he had been compelled to take from any Perfons, and* 
• ? Places, when his own had been taken from him ^ and would- 
^ make them recompence as foon as his own Stores were re-^ 
^•ftored to him. 

^ ** T o whatfoever they propofed for the flighting all Forti- 
^*fications, and reducing all Garrifons, which had been made 
^ fince the beginning of the Troubles, and leaving them in 
•*the State they were before, the King fully, and abfolutely 
**confentedi and that the old Caftles, and Garrifons, Ihould 
•* be reduced to their Ancient proportion, and eftablifliment ; 
*^but for the Governours^and Commanders of them, he faid, 
^ that the Cinque Ports were already in the Cuftody of a No- 
** ble Perfon, againlt whom he knew no juft exception, and 
•^ who had fuch a legal intereft therein, that he could not, with 
*^5u^^ice, remove him from it, until fome fufficient caufe 
** were made apjjear to him : But he was very willing, ii' he 
** fhould at any time be found guilty of any tning that might 
** make him unworthy of that Trult, that he might be pro- 
** ceeded againlt according to the Rulea of Jufticp. That the 
*' Government of the Town of Port/mouth^smd all other Forts, 
*' Caftles, and Towns, as were formerly kept, by Garrifons, 
^•fhould be put into the hands of fuch Perfons, againft whom 
*^no juft exceptions could be made; all of them being, be- 
*< tore thefe Troubles, by Lcttto Patents granted to feveral 

** Perfons, 

GftheRehelUou^l^c. tx!^ 

^ Perrot^ agamft any Qf whom lie knew not any excepdbii^,' 
^ who (hould be removVlif juft cauf<? (hould be given for the' 
^ fame. The Warden of the Cinque Ports, and ail other Go- 
*^ vemours, and Commanders of the Towns^ and Caftle%' 
^* {hoald keep their Charges, as by theXaw-they ought to do^^ 
^ and for the King's Service^ and iafety : of the iun^om ; ana 
'^ thpy ihould not aidmit into any of them Forreign Forcei^ 
^ Or other Forces raifed> or brought into t&em contrary, to^ 
^* the Law; but fhould ufe their utmoft endeavours to fupprefr 
*' filch Forces^ and ihould feife all Arms, and AmmunitioiV 
<< which by the Laws, and Statutes of the Kingdom, tfae^ 
"ought to feife. • 

' To that part whicfa concem'd the Ships, die Kin^toUf 
them, " That he eiq^sded his own Ships: (hould be delivered 
<^td him, as hj the Law they ougfit to be; and that whctf 
<* he (hould think fit to nominate a Lord Hi^ Admiral oF 
^^ Emgiand^ it (hould be fuch a Perfon;asatnft .whom no jc^ 
<< exception could be made; and if any (hould be, he wdold 
^ always leave him to his due Tryal, and Examination ; and 
*' he would grant his Qflbre to him by fudiLetters Patents, atf 
" hadf been S(ed.- ks die mean time . he would govern thp 
^'Admiralty by Gomfbiffion* as had beea in all times ic^ 
^^ euftom'd; and whatfoever Ships ihould be fee out by Hiorr 
^<6r his Authority, (bpuld be ^ employed v for die defence cff 
^< the Kingdom i^nft aUForreigaForceswltttfoever, for the^ 
'^ Safeguard 61 Merchants, Securing of Trade, Guarding cS 
^Jrtunkly and the inteiceptihg o£ ail Scalier ito be carried 
^^ to the Rebels ; land diey' (bbold ufe tbeir utmoft endeavouiy 
^ to (iipprefs all Foi;p^.«hich (hould be raifed, Vy any Per^ 
^^ fon witatfoevery araohft the Laws and Statutes bf^the King-^ 
^^dom:? and to feife* sdi Arms and Ammiim^dni^rcyvided mt 
^^the-Qlpply of any' fuch Forces. - r;:; ' ..1 . ; > 

' ItIi evident to aUrMen whene the difirence now lay b^ 
tween them, 4>einffi'Miethdr tbe Kins wbuldi otierve the dtP 
poftl of thofe Officb&and Places of TmQ: to(Himfelf, which 
all Kio^ had enjojf'd, andiras indeeda jpait lofias Regatkyi 
or whemerhe would ^becoiiten&.widifqcb} 
beins to pafi, and depeadrnpon theinappcobiition^ iiaMn 
fhquTdever be admitted to them, whowasnohinatedby Hint} 
The Committee^ upon HaMsjdiy'a Anfwerydefir'd to kno^ 
<< whether he did intend, : that ^th Hooies fliould ezprto 
*^ their Confidence of the Pcffons, to whofe truft thofe PiaoBSi 
*^ w€re to be comniitted ;; for diat they were diri6£M by their. 
^< Inftruaions, thsltj H hia Majefty was nleafed to aSebt there» 
^^ unto,' and to nominatie'>Pmbn8 ot QfositXf Xo receive die ^ 
<^ duirge of thenu that' dii]r fliould certify^ it tsx both Houfea 
*^ pPIUiiament,mctb^m|)ta di^ mig^rexprdkdietr Cott^ 

ji^ a o u co cC| 


n^ixj The Hijiorr Book VII. 

^^fidence in thofe Pcribns, Or hutnblf deGre his Majcftfto 
^ name others, none of .which Perfons to be removM during 
^ three years next enfuing, without juft caufe to be approv'd 
^ by both Houfes ; and if any (houkl be fo remov'd, or die 
^within that Q)ace, the Perfons^ to be. put in their Places^ to 
^ be fuch, as the two Houfes fliould Confide in. The King 
anfwer'd, ^< That he did not intend, that the Houfes fhould 
^cxpreft Their Confidence of the Perfons, to whofe Trufts 
^ thofe Places (bould be committed, but only that they fhould 
^have liberty, upon any juft exception, to proceed agaiaft 
^ any fuch Perfons according to Law : his Majefiy being re* 
•^folv'd not to Protea them againft the Publick Jultice. 
f^ When anyof the Places fhould be void, he weU knew the 
¥ Nomination, and free Ele&ion of thofe, who fhould fuc- 
^oeed, to be a ri^t belonging to, and.ioiierent in his Ma- 
^^jeftyj and having been enjoyed by aU his Royal Progeni- 
^ cors. He could not believe his IveU afifeaed SubjeOs defir'd 
^&o limit him in that Right; and defir'd they would be fa- 
^ tisfied with ^is Anfwer, or give him any reafons to aker 
^fais Refolution, and he would comply with them. 
^ T H E Y told him, ^ There could be no good asd firm Peace 
<* hoped for, if there were not a cure found out for the Fear9 
^and Jealoufies; and they knew none fiire, but this which 
•SThey had propofed. The King repJy'd, ^ That he rather 
^ expedled reafons grounded upon Law, to have tliew'd him, 
^ by the Law, that he had not that Right he pretended, or 
•* that They had a Right Superior to His, in what was now 
^ in queltion ; or that they would have Qicw'd him fome le- 
<*gal reafon, why the Perlbns trufied by him were incapable 
<^ of fuch a Truit ; than that they would only haveinfifted up- 
^on Fears, andjealoufies, of which as te knew no ground, 
<^ fb he muft be ignorant of the Cure. That the Argument 
<^tbey ufed mig^ extend to the depriving him of, or at leaft 
<^ fiuring with him in, all his juft Keeal Power ; fince Power, 
f^as well as Forces, might be the objed of Fears and Jea- 
^* loujGes, and there would be ahvm a Power left to hurt, 
f^ wJulft there was any left to protso: and defend. He told 
them, ^' If he had as much inclination, as he had more right, 
V to Fe^s an4 Je^oufies, he might with more reafon have 
f ^ infifted i^pOQ an additk)n of Pbwer, as a Security to enable 
^ him to keq) H% Forts^ when he had them, (ince it ap- 
i^pear'd it was not (b great, but that tbev had been able to 
^ takp them fcom hrm, than they to make any difficulty to 
^* reffaxe diem to him in the fime uk diey were before. 
-^Bpt, he faid, >s he was himfdf content with, (b^ he took 
*' Pod to Witne6, his greateft defire wis, to obferve always 
^4u;id maiiMuii the Isw of chf M«d;. nd expeOed thefame 


OftheEehellion^Sicc. %%% 

^from his SubjeOs; and believ'd the mutual obiervance of 
^< chat Rule, and neicher of them to fear what the Law fear'^ 
^<^not, to be^ on both pam^ a better Cure for that dangeroiM 
^^ Difeafe ot Fears and JcafoMlies, and a better means to eft»* 
^^ biiOi a happy and perpetual Peace, than for him to diveft 
^^ himfelf of thofe Trufts, which the Law of thp Umd had fe^- 
^' tied in Che Crown alone, to preferve the Power, and Dignity 
^^ of the Prince^ for the better Protection of the Subject, and 
^^ of the Law, and to avoid thofe dangerous diftradlions, whick 
^ the Intereit of any Sharers with him, would have infallibly 
*^ produced. 

The Committee neither offer'd to Anfwer his Ms^eft/s 
Reaibns, nor to oppofe other Reafons to weigh ag^ft themi; 
but only faid, " That they were Commanded by their Inftro* 
^^ (itions, to inlifl: upon the defires of both Houfes formerly 
« exprefs'd . To which the King made no other Anfwer , 
<^ than that he conceived it all the Juftice in the World for him 
'^ to infift^ that what was by Law his own, and had beea 
'* contrary to Law taken from him, fliould be fully reftored 
^^ to him , without conditioning to impofe any new limita- 
^ tidos upon Him, or his Miniiters, which were not formerly 
^^requir'd from them by the Law; and he thought it moft 
^' unreafonaUe, to be prefs'd to diminifli his own juft Rights 
^^ Himfelf, becaufe Others had violated and uforped theroi. 
This was the fum oi what pafs'd in the Treaty upon that 

To the firft Propofition of the two Houfes, "That \M 
"Majefty would be pleafed to disband, his Armies, as thev 
^' lik^wife would be ready to disband aU their Forces, which 
<^ they had raifed, and that he would be pleai^ to return t» 
^his Parliament : The King anfwer'd, " 1 hat he was as ready 
"and willing that all Armies Qiould be disbanded, as any 
" Perfon whatfoever ; and conceiv'd the beft way to it, would 
"be a happv and fpeedy condufioa of. the prefent Treaty; 
" which, it both Houfes would contribute as much as He 
" would do to it, would be fuddainly efieficd. And as He 
" de&r'd nothing more than to be with his two Houfes, fo He 
" WoiiM fepaif thither aflboa as be could poffibly do it with 
" his Honour, and Safety. 

The Committee a^d iimy "If by a^ happy and fpeedy 
<^ conclufion of the prefent Treaty, he intended a condufios 
" upon the two Brit Propoikions, or % conclufion d'the Treaty 
"in all the Propofitipns of both pans. The Kin^ who wa 
knew it would be very ungracious to deny the disbanding of 
the Armies, till all the Propo(]tions were agreed, fome where* 
of woirid require much tkne, anfwer'd^ " That be intended 
^^iiich ft conclufion of, or ii¥ the Tieaty« ftrt^e flight be t 

P4 <«clterf 

tit The Hift&ry Book VII. 

^ dear evidence to Hirofelf , and his Subjedte, of a^ future 
^ Peace, and no ground left for the continuance, or growth 
*^ of thofe bloody Diflenfions; which, he doubted not, might 
^ be obtained, if both Houfes wbulcl confent that the Treaty 
j^fliould proceed without farther intenuption, or limitation 
^of days. They ask'd him, *« What he intended ftould be 
<^<a clear evidence to him, and his good Subjeds, of a future 
** Peace, and no ground left for the continuance, and growth 
**of thofe bloody DiOenfions? His Majefty told them, 
*5 If the conclufion of the prefent Treaty upon his firft Pro* 
** pofition, ant} the firft Propofition of both Houfes, fliould 
^^be fo full, and perfectly made, that the Law of the Land 
^ might have a full, free, and uninterrupted courfe, for the 
*^ defence, and priefervation of the flights of his Majefty, and 
f^of themfelvtes, and the reft of his Subjcdls, there would 
f^bp thence a clear evidence to Him, and all Men, of a fu- 
'^tiire Peace; and it would be fuch a conclufion as he in- 
^ tended, never meaning that bcdi Armies (hould remain 
*< undisbanded until the Propofitions on both (ides were fiiUy 
** concluded.: To the other claufe of their own Propofition 
CoiiccmiHg die King's return to the Parliament, they faid, 
^They had no Inftrudtions to treat upon it; which the Kin^ 
'ihuch wonder'd at; and finding that they had no orfier Au- 
thority to Treat, or Debate what was neceflary to be done 
ifl'brdet to .disbanding, but only to prefshim to appoint a 
' day for the adlual disbanding; and that the Forces in the 
North, where he had a great Army, and they had none, 
might be firlt disbanded, he endeavour'd to draw them to 
fome Propofitions upon his return to the Parliament ; from 
whence expedients would naturally refult , if they purfued 
that heartily, which would conclude a general Peace, And 
it feem'd very ftrange, that, after fo many difcourfes of the 
King's abfence from the Houfes, from whence they had 
taught the People to believe that moft of the prefent Evils 
flowed, and proceeded, when a Treaty was now enter'd upon, 
and that was a part of their own firft Propofition, that 
their Committee fhould have no Inftru€tions, or Authority 
-to Treat upon it. After this, they received new In- 
llrudtions, "To declare to his Majefty the defire of both 
^Houfes, for his coming to his Parliament; which, they faid, 
** they had often exprefs'd with full offers of fecurity to his 
J^ Royal Perfon, agreeable to their Duty and Allegiance, and 
*<hey knew no cauie why he might not repair thither with 
^'Honour, and Safety. When the King found he could not 
engage them in that Argument to make any particulate Over- 
ture, or Invitation to him ; and that the Committee, who ex- 
hrefs'd wiUingneft eticfugh, had not io trach the l«ift power 
• * to 

Of the Rehellion, &c- %t\ 

<o promote, or contribute to an accommodation^. left they 
(houid make the People believe, that he had a defire to conr . 
tinue the War, becaufe he confcnted not to their Propofitioii 
of disbanding the Armies, he fent this Mefl&ge, by an eirpreft 
of his own, to the two Houfes, after he had firlt cdmmunicatcd 
it to their Ctommittee. 

Oxford April ixth i(Jgj. 

«To fhew to the whole World, howearneftly his Majefljaibiiiji^' 
** longs for Peace, and that no fuccefs (hall malce him defirc Mtft^*/* 
** the continuance of his Army to any other end , or for any ^?*^ 
^Monger time, than that, and until, things may be fo fettled, ^JJr'jJf 
^*as that the Law may have a full, free, and uninterrupted i643. 
^ courfe, for the Defence, and Prefervation of the Rights of 
^* his Majefty, both Houfes, and his good SubjeiSs : 

I. "As so ON as his Majefty is fatisfied in his frft Propor 
^'(ition, concerning his own Revenue, Magazines, Ships, and 
*^ Forts, in which he defires nothing, but that the juft, know% 
*' legal Rights of his Majefty (devolved to him from his Pro- 
" geuitors ) and of the Perlons trufted by him,^ which have 
"violently been taken from both, be reftor'd unto him, and 
" unto them; unlefs any juft and leeal' exception asainft any 
**of the Perforis trufted by him (which are yefunlcnown to 
" his Majefty) can be made appear to him : , 

%. " Assfo()N as all the Members of both Houfes (hall be 
"reftor'd to the fame capacity, of Sitting, and Voting in Par-? 
"liament, as they had upon the firft of January 1:641 i the 
^ fame, of right, belonging unto them by their Birth-rij^ts, 
^ and the free Elcdlion of thofe that fent theih ; and haviM; 
«been Voted from them for adhering to his Majefty in thefe 
^^diftraOions; his Majefty hot intending that this ftiould ex- 
<*tend cither to the Biflibps, whofe Votes have been takea 
** away hv 3ill, or to fuch, in whofe places, upon new Writs, 
" new Eleftions have been made : 

?• "AssooN as his Majefty, and both Houfes, inaybe 
"fecur'dfrdm fuch Tumultuous Affemblies, as to thegreai; 
" breach of the Privileges, and the high diftiopour of Parlit- 
^<ments, have formerly Affcmbled about both Houfes, and 
" aw'd the Members or the fame ; and occafion'd two feveraj 
<* Complaints from the Lords Houfe, and two feveral defires 
^ of that Houfe to the Houfe of Commons, to joyn in 1 Der 
^^ claration againft them 5 the complying with which defirc 
^^ might have prevented all thefe miferable diftraftions, which 
** have enfiied ; which fecurity, his Majefty conceives, can be 
^ only fettled by adjourning the Parliament to fome other 
** place, at the leaft twenty Miles from London^ the choice of 
^ which his Majefty leaves to both Houfes : 


^04* TbeHiftory Book VII. 

^.His Majefly will moft cbearfiilly and readily confent, 
^ that both Armies be immediately disbanded, and give a pre- 
'^ient meeting to both his Houfes of Parliament at the time, 
^and phice. at, and to which^ the Parliament (hall be agreed 
^ CO be Aqoum'd : His Msyefty bein^ moll confident, that 
^ the Law will then recover due Credit and £ftimacion ; and 
^ that upon a free Debate, in a full and peaceable Convention 
^^ of Parliament, fuch provifiods will be made againfl Seditious 
'^Preadiing, and Prmting againft his N(byefty, and the efta- 
^bUlh'd Laws, which have l^en one of the chief caufes of 
^ the prelent diftraOions, and fuch care will be taken concern- 
*'ing the legal, and known Ridits of his Majefty , and the 
^^ Property, and Liberty of his SibjeOs, that whatioever hath 
^ been piudifh'd, or done, in or by colour of any illegal De« 
^claratioo. Ordinance, or Order of one or both Houfes, or 
^ any Coinmittee of either of tbeib, and particularly the power 
^ to raiie Arms without his Majefty's confent, will be in fiidi 
^ manner recalled, difclaiooed, and provided againft, that no 
^ feed will remain for the like to fpring out of for the futur^ 
^ to difturb the Peace of the Kingdom, and to endanger tha 
^ very being of it. And in fuch a Convention his Majefly 
^is refolv'd, by his readinefs to confent towhatfoever fhaU 
^ be propoU to him, by Bill, for the real good of his Sub* 
*^ jedts (and particularly ror the better difcovery, and fpeedier 
^^Convidtion of Recuunts^ for the Education of the Children 
^of Papifts by Proteftants in the Proteflant Relipion^ for 
^^ the prevention of pradliccs of Papifts againft the States and 
^ the due Execution of the Laws, and true Levying of the Pe- 
^nalties againfl them) to make known to all the World, how 
^caufelefi thofe Fears, aiKiJealoufies have been, which havo 
^ been raifed againft him ; and by that fo diflraAed this mi* 
^ ferable Kingdom. And if this offer of his Maiefty be not 
^coniented to fin which he asks nothing 
^ not apparent Juflice on his fide , and in which he deferi 
^ many tnings highly conqeming both Himfelf, and People, 
^ tiU a ftill, and peaceable Convention of Parliament, which 
^in JuOicehe mig^tnow require) his Majefly is confidenr, 
^ that it will then appear to all the World, not only who it 
'^ mofli defirous of Peace, and whofe fault it is that both Ar« 
^ mies are not now disbanded ^ but who have been the truo 
** and firft caufe , that this Peace was ever mterrupted, o» 
** thofe Armies raifed, and the beginning, or continuance of 
^ the War ^ and the deftru<3ion, and defolation of this poor 
^ Kingdom ( which, is too likely to enfue ) will i|ot, by the 
^ molt interefted , paffionate, or prejudicate^Perfon, be im- 
^^ puted to his Majoly. 

' ' To 

1 • 

' Of the Reheliion^ &c- %%$ 

T o this Meflagc the two Hou(es returned no Anfwer to 
the i^^) but requir'd the Conuhittee to return to Wefimm^ 
fin (having been in 0;xfrri with his Majefiy juft twenty days) 
with fuch pofitive drcumftances, that the HouTe of Commons 
cnjoyn'd Their Members to begin their Journey the fame 
day ^ which t^ey ot>ey'd j though it was fo late, that they 
were forced to very inconvenient Accommodations j and ac 
their return^ jbme of them ^ere k>ok'd upon with ereat Jea- 
louf^ ; as f er(ons engaged by the King^ and difinclin d to the 
Paruamont } and this J^oufy pevail'd £o far, that M^ M&nim 
open'd a Letter from the £ari of Nbrthtmiirlamdto his own 
Ladyi prefumiiig he (hould therein have difcover'd fome com* 
bination; and this infolence was not difliked. 

Many were of bpinioi^ that the King was too ievere in 
this Treaty, aiidinQlted too much upon what is his own by 
Rights and Caw^ and that if he would have diffaributed Of* 
fices and Places liberally to particular Men, which had been 
a condefceniioa in Policy to be lubmitted to, he mig;ht have 
been repoilcis'd of his own Power. And^ I have heard this 
aliedg'd hy.nuny, who at that time were extremely violent 
againtt all fuch Artifices. The Committee themfelves (who • 
at chat time perfe^y abhorr'd the proceedings of the Parlia- 
ment, or rather the power, and uiperiority oi the £arl oi 
:SffiM) ieemM exceedinoly dwous of dich an accommodation^ 
as all good Men dc&rd j and to believe, that if (he King 
would fa^e rcbndeicaided ^ fiir, as to nominate the Earl ot 
NsrtimmStrUttid to be Lord Hi^ Aditiiral, that it would have 
made fo great a divlGon in the Bcufes. that the Treaty would 
have been corniced, and his MajefW been fatis6ed in all thd 
other Propofitions. And the E^rl oxNwtbumierland^ to pri- 
vate Friends ,. did make as fiill Profeffions of fumre Service to 
his Majeft])^ and as ample Recojgnitions of pafs'd Errors, and 
Miftakes, as could reafimably be expeded from a wary^Na* 
ture, before be could be iiire wbu: reception fiich Profcifions» 
and Vows would find. But the Kii^ thoi^t the Power and 
Intereft of that ICon^mmee would be able to do little, if it 
couki notpif^aitiiMr rite enlarging the time <rf the Treaty, in ' 
which they, ij^sstd heartily to engaze themfelves. And he 
was refolvdat leaft to havea proline AfSiranceof the coa* 
clufi<»i, before he would offibr fuch con(»ffions, as taking no 
efie£k, mi^it prcnre prejudicial to him: As particularly^ the 
nominating the Earl hi NfrtlmmterLmd. to be Admiral (thouglh 
be would wiilindy have done it,, as the price and pledge of 
an Honourable Peace) would faAve difcontented au who had, 
how u n r e afo nably ibever. .promifed themfelves that prefer- 
ment : and many wouU Wc imputed it to an unfea&nable 

ea&ws {bm whi(di impooKkyx k cooo^d the King^ ac 


ii6 TheHiJiory BookVII. 

that time, as much to purge himfelf, as of unmercifulnefs and 
revenge) upon promifes, and hopes, to have readmitted. a 
Man to a charge, and truft, be had (b fatally betrayed, and 
broken, againft as folemn promifes, and obligations, at the 
leaft, as he could now enter inta^ .^nd therefore it. concerned 
the King to be fure of fome advantage, in lieu of diis viGble 

I A M one of thofe who do believe that this obligation, at thi$ 
time, lay'd upon the Earl of Northum^erlandy with fuch other 
Circumltances of kindnefs, as Would have been fit to accom- 

Eany it, would have met real' gratitude, and faithfulnefs in 
im (for as, originally, he had, 1 am perlwaded, noevilpur- 
pofes againft the King; fo he had now fufficient difdain and 
indignation againft thofe who got him to tread their Ways, 
when he had not their £nds) and that it would have made 
fome rent and divifion in the tv^o Houies (which could not 
but have produced fome benefit to the King) and that it might 
* probably have procured fome few days addition for the con- 
tinuance of the Treaty ^ the avow'd ground of denying it, be- 
ing, becaufe the King nad not, in thef leaft degree, confented 
to any one thing propofed by them : but, I confe(s, I cannot 
entertain any imagination , that it would have produced a 
Peace, or given the King any advantage, or benefit in the 
War : what inconvenience it might have produced hath been 
touch'd before. For, befides that theftirring arid Aftive Party, 
who carried on the War, were neither gracious to the Earl 
of Northumberland^ nor He to them, their Favourite at Sea 
being then the Earl of tVarwick, who had the pofleflion of 
the Fleet, and whom alone they believ'd fit to be trufted with 
the Navy; whoever calls to mind what was done in the 
Houfes, during the time of the Treaty, atid by Their di- 
redtions ; that by their own Authority they directed all the 
Lands of Bifhops, Deans and Chapters, to be fequeftcr'd, 
and inhibited their Tenants to pay any Rent to them ; that 
under pretence of fearchihg for Arms, and taking away fu- 
perftitious,Pi6tures,they caufed the Queen's Chapel at Somer- 
Jet Houfe (where fhe was to exercife her devotion, if they 
ever meant (lie ihould return again to London) to be moft li- 
centioufly rifled ; in which Licenfe with impunity, her Lodg- 
ings were plundered, and all her fiimiture, and goods of va- 
lue, taken away and imbe^elPd ; that there was an Order made 
in the Houfe of Commons, when They fent Their Mefifen- 
gers every day to Oxford without any Formality, or Con- 
troul, " That whatfoever Peribn ihould come from Oxford^ or 
*' any part of the King's Army to London^ or the parts adjacent, 
" without the Warrant of both Houfes of Parliament, or of 
" the Lord General the Eari^ EJJix^ he fhould be appre- 

" bended 

Of the Rehelliofty &c. 117 

<^ bended as a Spv and Intelligencer^ and bejproceeded againil: 
"according to tne rules and grounds of War ^ by Virtue 'of 
which Order of the Houfe of Commons only, and without 
any communication that notice might be taken of it, a Servant 
of the Kind's, for difcharging the duty of his place, was exe- 
cuted ; which fliall be anon remember'd j all which except 
the execution of that Man, was tranfadted during the time of 
the Treaty at Oxford. 

Whosoever remembers the other PropoGtion upon 
which the Treat v was founded, and the Bills then prefented 
to the King for nis Royal Afli^nt^ that there was no unrea- \ 
fonable thing demanded in the nineteen Propofitions, which 
was not comprehended in thefe fourteen, and many additions 
made that were not in the former ^ that they demanded the 
total abolition and extirpatipn of Arch-Biihops,Bi(hops,DeanSy 
and Chapters, and the whole frame of the Government of the 
Churchj and another Bill for the calling an AOembly of Di- 
vines, nominated by themfelyes C which was a prefumption^ 
as contrary to the Policy and Government of the Kingdom, 
as the molt extravagant Ad they had done) coniifting of Per- 
fons the moft deeply engaged in the moil unwarrantable Adls 
that had been done^ and yet his Majefty was requir'd to pro- 
xnife to pafs fuch other Bills for fettling of Church Govern- 
ment, as, upon confutation with that Allembly of Divines, 
£houldbe;refolY'd on by both Houfes of Parliament : That all 
th^bth'er BUls then prefented to the King for his Royal Aflent, 
and infilled on, by their fourth Propofition, though they had 
ipecious and popular Titles, contained many Claufes in them 
contrary to common Equity, and the Right of theSubje<^,and 
introduced proceedings very diflerent from the known Juftice 
pf the Kingdom; and therefore, befidesthe time and circum* 
fiances of the paOing thofe Ads (when the Nation was in 
blood ) not like to meet with his Majeft/s Approbation ; I 
iay, whofoiever rexpembers, and confiders all tms ( to fay no- 
thing of the limitations by which their Committee were bound, 
without any power of debating, or other capacity than to deli- 
ver t^e Refolutions of the two Houfes, and to recf ive the 
King's Anfwer, which mi^t as eifeduaily have been done, 
by any one fingle ordinary Meflenger ) Cannot, I conceive, be- 
Ucve, that the King's confenting to make any one Perfbn 
among them High Admiral of England^ would have been H- 
rheans to have reltored the Kingdom to a prefent Peace, and- 
the King to his juft Rights and Authority. And if all thefe 
cpnfiderations be not fufHcient to render that fuppofition ita-- 
probable, that, which follows next in order ot Story, Will 
abundantly confute if. 
On Saturday thCi lytk q^ Afril^ which was the very day 


Ii8 The Hiftor/ Book VII. 

\ on whidi the Treaty expired at <yxfbrdy being the laft of thfe 

twenty days which were firit afflgn'd, and td which no im^ 
porcunity of the Kingfs could procure an Addition^ the £ail 
TkeEdriof o£ JE^x iDaTch'd With hi$ whole Army from WndJoTy and Tat 
Eflex down before JRf4M//a;S ; which preparation would not have beeii 
fiMrebu to fo exaflly made, and the reiolution fo pundlually taken, if 
KinSiiiff ^^ ^^ meant any reafOttable conceffions from the King 
A^T^. fliould have fiuftrated that vaft charge, and determined all fciN 
Mng thi tfaer Contentions. The Earl had never befof^ been in the 
i^dayf head of fo gallant an Army, Which confifted of about fixtceri 
tbfTreaty. thoufand Foot, and above three thou&nd Horfe, in as good 
an Equipage, and fuppUed with all things nece(&ry for a Siege, 
fts could be expeded from an Enemy which knew no wants, 
and had the Command of the Tower of Londofty and all othet 
Stores of the Kingdom, In th< Town were above three 
diouiand Foot, and a Regiment of Morfe conhfring of near 
three hutidred ^ die Forti£ations were very mean to endure 
a form'd Sieg^ bein^ made only to iecure a Winter Quarter, 
and never intended tor a ftaoding Garrifoh. And it is very 
true, that it was reiblved at a Council of War at OxforJy ^ That 
^ before the end of jipriJ ( before which tiitid it was conceived 
the Enemy would not adventure to take the Field ) " Sr Ar^ 
^thur Afieu ihould fligjht thofe Works, and draw off his Gar- 
<^ri(bn to the King; and that which made it lefs able to bear 
a Siege, than the weakneig of their Works, was their wan; of 
Ammunition i for they had not forty Barrels of Powder ^ 
which could have held a brisk and a daring Enemy but a Chore 
time. And as this defedt proceeded not from want of fore- 
fight, fo it wais not capable of being fupplied, at leafl: in that 
proportion as was worthy the name or a Supply. For the 
Kinj^ had no Port to Friend, by which he could bring Am- 
munition to Oxfndy neither toA he been yet able to fet up 
any Manu&Aure for any confiderable fupply. So that what 
he brought up with him after the Battle of Edgi-hilly which 
was the remainder of the four hundred Barrels brought by the 
Ship caird the Pravidentey before the fetting up ofhis Standard^ 
bad fer^d for all hi| expeditions, being diftributed into the 
feveral Garriions; and was ftill to fiirniui all his growing oc- 
caix)ns; and that Magazine now at Reading ( which was no 
greater than is before mentioned ) was yet double to what was 
in any other place, Oxford only excepted ; wherein, at this 
time, there was not above one hundred Barrels of Powder, 
and in no one place Match proportionable to that little Pow- 
dor ; And this defedt is wholelv to be imputed t6 the lownefs, 
and ftreightnefs of the Kingfs condition ^ for there was no 
want of tnduftry. but all imaginable care and pains taken to 
prevent and fiipply iti 


Of the ReheHiofty &c. 119 

Notwithstanding all there difficulties, the Town 

look'd upon the £neroy with Courage and Contempt enough ; 

and to (ay the truth, both Officers and Soldiers were as good, 

as in the infancy of a War could be expedted j and they had 

DO apprehenfion of want of Vi&ial. with which they were . 

abundantly ftored. The Soldiers withour, were for the moft 

part, newly levied, and few of their Officers acquainted with 

Che wav and order of Aflaulting Towns ; and this was the firft 

Si<^e tnat happen'd in Ettg/ana. Upon the firft fitting down 

betore it, after they had taken a fiill View of the ground, their 

General advifed with his Council of War, in what manner 

be (hould proceed, whether by Aflault, or Approach: in 

which there was great diverfity of opinions. "The Works 

^ *^ were weak^ the Number of tne Affiiilants fufficient^ all ma- 

^^ terials in readinefs,* chey believ'd the Soldiers in the Town 

^* full of Apprehenfions. and a very confiderable Party of the 

** Inhabitants dififfeaecl to the Garrifon, who in the time of 

" a Storm would be able to beget a great diftradhon. They 

^ might be able to Storm it in fo many places at once, that the 

^' number c^ the Soldiers within would not be able to defend 

"all; and if they prevailed in any One, their whole Body of 

** Horfe might enter,and be immediately Matters of the Town. 

** If they prevailed this way, their Army would have that Repu< 

" radon, and carry that terror with it, that no power of the 

^^ King's would hereafter be able to abide it ; but they might 

** march over the Kingdom, and fubdue every part of itj 

*^ whereas if they delayed their work, and proceeded by way 

'* of Approach, thefe in the Town would recover heart, and 

*' after they had digefted the prefent Fears and Apprehenfions^ 

** contemn their danger j and then- own Soldiers, who were « 

*^ yet frefh and vigorous, would every day abate in Courage, 

*^ and their Numbers in a few weeks leflen as much by Gck- 

^^ ne(s and duty, as they Ihould probably do by an Aflault. 

On the other hand it was objedled, ^ That the Army confifted 

'' moft of new Levies (and in tmth there were not, of all that 

gallant Ar^ny that was at Edge-hilly among the Foot, three 

thou&nd Men) ^ who would be hardly brought to begin upon 

" fo deiberate Set^ice; that it was the only Army tte Parlia- 

'^ ment had, upon which all their hopes, and welrare depend- 

<' ed ^ and if, in the Spring, it ihould receive an Eminent fbil^ 

'^ they would not recover their Courage again all the Sum* 

** mer. That they were not only to looK upon the taking of 

'^ Tttadingy but, purfuing that in a reafonable way, to keep 

*^ themfelves in a pofture and condition to end the War by a 

^'Battle with all tne King's Forces^ which would nodqubc 

** apply themfelves to their relief j and no phce under Hea- 

** ven could be fo commodious finr them to try their Fortune 


ago The Hi/lory ."^ooYYlt 

*«in, ts That. Whereas if they (hould haftily engage thefn- 
^'felves'upOQ aa Al&ult, and receive a Repulfe^ and (hould 
** be afterwards forced to rife to Fight with the King, they, 
^^fbould never make their Men ftand^ and then their Cau& 
^ was loit. As for the danger of Sicknefs among the Soldiers, 
who were not acquainted with hardfliip, it was urged, ^ That 
^ thpugh it were earlier in th^ year dian the Armies ufually 
^^ march'd into the Field^^yet they had much better accom- 
^'modacion and proviiion than Armies ufe to have^ their 
"Horfe (to whom that time of the year is cotamonly moft 
"hazardous, through the want of Forrage) being plentifiilly 
** provided for with Hay and Oats by the benent of the Riyer^ 
"and ^1 fupplies being fent for the Foot out oiF London. 

A N D in truth 'tis hardly credible what vad quantities ( be- 
fides the Provifions made in a very regular way by the Com-^ 
miflioners) of excellent Visual ready drefs'd, were every day 
fent in Wagons and Carts from London to the Army, upon 
Che voluntary contributions from private Families, according 
' to their AfFedions to the good Work in hand : the Qommoi^ 

People being perfwaded, that the taking ofEead^g would de- 
ftroy all the King's hopes of an Army ^ and that it would be 
taken in very few days. Upon thefe Arguments and Debates 

a which all thefe reafons were confiderd on both fides) the 
jor part of the Council inclined, and with that the Gene* 
ral complied, to purfue the bufinefs by Approach. It was re- 
ported, that the Officers of Horfe in thp Council were all for 
a Scorm, and the Foot Officers for approaching. The chief 
Care and Over fight of the Approaches was committed to P/bi^ 
lip Skippon, a Man often mentioned in the firft part of this Hi- 
ftory, who had been an old Officer, and of good experience 
in the low Countries, and was now made Serjeant-Major-Ge- 
neral of the Army, by the abfolute power of the two Houfes ^ 
and without the chearful concurrence of the Earl of E^*; 
though S' John Merrick^ who had executed that place by his 
Lordmip's choice from the beginning, was preferred to be Ge- 
neral ot the Ordnance. 
The Approaches advanced very faft, the ground being in 
4 all places as fit for that work as could be, and the Town ly- 
ing fo low, that they had eafily raifed many Batteries, from 
whence they fhot their Cannpn into the Town at a near di- 
ftaiice, but without any confiderable execution j there being 
fewer loll by that Service, than will be bqliev'd, and but one 
man of Note, Lieutenant Colonel JD' JEwf a young Man of 
notable Courage, and Vivacity, who had his Leg (hot off by a 
Cannon BuUpt, of which he fpeedily and verycheaifiilly dyed. 
Froni the Town there were frequent Sajlies with good Suc-^ 
cefs J and very many Soldiers, and fome Officers, of the Enemy 



Of the Rehellion^ ^c. • xgi 

were kiil'dj more, hurt; who were fent to Hofpitab near 
L9f9d0ny and cbofe chat were fenc to LondoHy as many Cart- 
Loads were, were brought in the night, and difpofed with 
great fecrecy, that the Citizens might take no notice of it} 
the Stratagems of this kind are too ridiculous to be particu- 
larly fet down, though pUrTued then with great indultry ; in- 
(bmuch as fome were punifh'd for reporting that there were 
many Soldiers kili'd, and hurt before Reading ; and it was a 
mark of Malignity to believe thofe reports : fo unfit the Peo* 
pie were to be tnuted with all truths. 

W I TH I N'a week after the beginning of the Siege, Sr At:* 
thur Afion the Governour being in a Court of Guard near 
the Line which was neareft to the Enemies Approaches, a 
Cannon (hot accidentally lighted upon the top of it, which 
was cover'd with Brick -tyle, a piece whereof, the Diot going 
through, hit the Governour in the head, and made that im<^ 
prelTion upon him, that his fenfes ihortly fail'd him, fo that 
he was not only difabled afterwards from executing in his own 
Ferfon, but incompetent for Counfel or Direction; fo that the' 
chief Command was devolved to Colonel Richard FieUingyVfho 
was the eldeft Colonel of the Garrifon. This accident watf 
{hen thought of great misfortune to the King, for there was 
not in his Army an Officer of greater Reputation, and of 
whom ^he Enemy had a greater dread. The next night after 
this accident, but before it was known at Oxford^ a Party fronr 
thence under the Command of Mr WtUmot the Lieutenant Ge- 
neral of the Horfe, without any fignal oppofition, put in a (up- 
ply of Powder, and a Regiment of five hundred Foot into the 
Town, and receiv'd Advertifment from thence of the Gover- 
nour's hurt, and that they muft exped to be relieved within a 
week, beyond which time they (hould not be able to hold out. 
How ill the King was provided for fuch an expedition, will 
beft appear by remembringhow his Forces were then fcatter'd^ 
and the prefent pofture he was then in at Oxford, 

The nimble and the fuccefsful marches of Sr William Ji^al'^ 
ler^ whom We left triumphing in Waks^ after his ftrange fur-, 
prize of the Lord Herbert'^ Forces near Ghcejhr^ caufed the 
king to fend Prince Maurice with aflrong Party of Horfe and 
Dragoons to attend him, who moved from place to place with 
as great fucceis as fpeed, after his fuccefs at Hynam., and to 
make the ihame of thofe Officers the lefs, with the fpirit of 
Victory doubled upon him, he came before Hereford^ a Towrt^ 
very well afifeded, and reafonably well Fortified, having ft . . 
Strong Stone Wall about it, and fome Cannon, and there be- 
ing in it iome Soldiers of good Reputation, and many Gen- ~ 
tlemen of Honour, and Quality j and three or four hundred 
Soldiery befides the Inhabitants well Armed: yet, without 

Vol.11. Parti. a *o 

igx The Hillary Book VII. 

die lofi of one Man on either Gde^ to the tdniraticm of aU# 
5r William ^q (hen hftard ic^ or ever fince heard of it, he perfwaded 

M^He- *^® ^*y ^^ 8*^* "P ^'^ Town, and yield themielves Pri- 
ictord : fimers upon Quarter ^ which they did, and were prefently by 

him fent for^ir better fecurity to BriftoL 
Ctmiit- Frqui thence he march'd to H^cefter^ where his con* 
>r» worce- quefts met fome flop 5 for though the Town was not fo ftrong^ 
fZki" '*" "^^ *^ Garrifon fo great ( I mem of Soldiers ; for the Inhi- 
' bicants were more ) as Htrefordy nor one Officer in it of more 
experience than he had gotten this unhappy .War, the Inha* 
bicants had the Courage to refolve not to admit any Summons 
or Meflenger from him ; and when his Drum, againft ail fijgns 
made to him from the Walls not to Approach, did notwith^ 
flanding reftife to return without dehvering his Meflage, 
thev ihot at him, and kill'd him^ and when & WUHam Wai^ 
liT nimfel^ to revenge that AfiTront, march'd with his whole 
Body towards them ( there being only an old Gate without 
Bridge, or Work before it, to hinder his entrance into the 
Town ) they entertain'd him fo roughly, that he was forced 
to retire with the lofi of fome Officers, and |Jx>ut twenty 
Common Men ; after which, his Men having not been ac-* 
cuflom'd to fiich ufage, he got over the Sivtm again, and^ 
With quick night marches, fo avoided Prince Maurke (who* 
took no lefs pains to meet with him ) that with fome few 
li^t SkirmiQies, in which he receiv'd fmall lofs, he carried 
his Party fafe, and foil of Reputation, through Glocefier to the 
E^l of Effex's Army before Readif^j himfelf being fent for 
to Ijondony upon a defign that muft be hereafter mentioned. 

The great want at Oxford (if any one particular might 
deferve that Style, where all neceflary things were wanted) 
was Ammunition ^ and the only hope of fupply was from the 
North; yet die pa(&ge from thence fo dangerous, that a Par-> 
ty little Inferiour in ftrength to an Army was neceflary to con- 
vey it; for, though the Earl of New-Caftby at that time, was 
Matter of the Field in Xork-^nrty yet the £nemy was much 
Superior in all the Counties between that County and Oxford \ 
and had planted many Garrifons fo near all the Roads that 
tbenx>ft private MeOengers travell'd with great hazard, three 
being intercepted for one that eicaped. To clear thefe obitru- 
&ions, and not without the defign of guarding and waiting 
on the Queen to Oxford^ if her Majefty were ready for that 
Journey, at leaft to fecure a neceOarv fupply of Powder, Prince 
PfiwtlUi- Jtipfr/ refolv'd in Perfon to march towards the North, and 
V^^ about the beginning of AfTil ( the Treaty being then at Ox^ 
m^th/^f^^^ and there being hopes that it wouM have produced a 
Hntk. good efied, at leaft that the £arl of EBx would not have 

cakMtlie Fidd till »U]) his Hi^efi, with t Eteqr of ;welve 


Of the Rebellion^ ^c. ajj 

hundred Horfe and Dragooni> luad fix or feven hundred FooC^ 
march'd towards LichjUU ^ which if be could reduce, and f^ 
tie there a Garrifon for the King, lay mod coovenienc for 
that Northern Conunuoication ^ and would with it di^lve 
other lictle adjacent holds of the Enemies, whidi contributed 
much to their interrupcioo. In his way thither, he was to 
inarch through Bromchfmy a Town in Wammk^bire beficMrc 
mentioned, and of as great fame for hearty, wilfiil. afie^teid 
Difloyalnr to the King, as any place in BMgimtd. It is before iiV' 
membervj, that the King in his march fron Shrewshuy^ npl- 
withftanding the eminent malignity of that People, hamhew'd 
as eminent compaiBon to them ; not giving way that cbcf 
Ihould fuHer by the undiftinguiihing Ucence of the Soldier, or 
by the feverity of his . own luftice ^ which clemency of his, 
found fo unequal a return, that, the next day after his remove 
thence, the Inhabitants oip that place ieiied on his Carriagei^ 
wherein were his own Plate, and Furniture^ and Conveyed 
them to Warvikk Caftlej and had from that time, with umi- 
fual induftry and vigilance, apprehended all Meflen^rs who 
were emplo]^ed, or fuQ)e<5ted to befo, in the King's Service; 
and though it was never made aGarrilbn by direSion of the 
Parliament, bein^ built in fuch a form, as was indeed hardljr 
capable of being h ortified, yet they had fo great a defire to di^ 
ftinguilh themfelves from die King's good Su^e^ that they 
calt up Uttle (light works at both ends of the Town, uid Bui^ 
. ricadoed the relt, and voluntarily engaged themfelves not C9 
admit any intercourfe with the King's Forces. 

I N this pofhire Prince Itufert now found them, having ift 
the Town with them at that time a Ttoof of Horfe,"" belong- 
ihg to the Garrifon of LichiUld^ which ym grown to HtSt 
ftrength, that it infeited tbofe parts exciedingly ^ and would 
in a thort time have extendcxl it ^f to a powerful Jurifili^ 
Soon. His Highnefs hardly beUevislg it poOible, that wheat 
they Ihould difcover his Power^ tchey would oSer to make Rc» 
(ilhuice, and being unwUlup^^b receive interruption in bii 
more Important defign, fellt his Quarter-Makers thitherto 
take up his Lodging ^ and to affure them, ^ That if they be^ 
<< haved themfelves peaceably, they Ihould not fufier for what 
^< was pail : But they had not Confciences good enough to 
believe him, and ablblutely refiifed to let him Quarter in d)e 
Town ; and from their little Works, with Mettle equal to tfa^ 
Malice, they difcharged their Ihot upon him ; but they were 
quickly over-powefd , and fome parts of the Town beifln 
hred, they were not able to contend with both Enemies; aik^ Takp%to^ 
diftraaed between both, fuffer'd the A(&ilant to enter witi>- ««««»• 
out much lois ; who took not that vengeance upon them they 
deferv'dy but n^e them eipiate their Tran%re£uons with fwy* 

i34^ TUfe iiiflory Book VIL 

ibe a lers Muldt, than mi^t bare been expefied from cheir 
Wealth, if their WickedneTshadbeenlefs. 
i N the Entrance of this Town, and in the too eager pur- 
' fait of that loofe Troop of Horfe that was in it, the £arl of 
'Denhigb (who from die beginning of the War, with unwea* 
ried pains, and exaA fubmiffion to difcipline and order, had 
been a Voluntier in Prince Buferfs Troop, and been engag'd 
with fingular Courage inallenterprizes of danger) was unfor- 
tunately wounded widi many hurts on the Head and Body 
with Swords, and Poll-Axes j of which, within two or three 
days, he died. Had it not been for this ill accident ( and to 
remember the difmal inequality of this contention, in which 
always fome £arl, or Perfons of great Honour or Fortune fell, 
«when after the moJQ: fignal Vidory over the other fide, there 
was feldom loft a Manof any known Family, or of otho* Re- 

Eitati'on, than of Paffion for the Caufe in which he fell ) I 
ould not have mention'd an Adlion of fo little moment, as 
was this of Bromkham j which I (hall yet enlarge with the re- 
■tneinbrance of a Clergy Man, who was here kiird at the en- 
4£ring of the Town, after he had not only refufed quarter, 
but provoked the Soldier by the moft odious revilings, and 
teproaches of the Perfon and Honour of the King, that can 
be imagined, and renouncing all Allegiance to himj inwhofe 
*pockets were found feveral Papers of Memorials of his own 
t>bfcene, and fcurrilous behaviour with feveral Women , in 
I fiich loofe expreHions, as modefl ears cannot endure. This 

Man was the principal Governour, and Incendiary of the rude 
People of that place againft their Soveraign. So full a quali- 
-fication was heightned meafure of malice and difloyalty for 
this Service, that it weighed down the infamy of any other 
ieud and vicious behaviour. 

• From Bramicham^ the Prince, without longer ftay than to 
remove two or three flight Garrifons in the way, which made 
•very little refinance, marched to Uchfield^ and eafily poflefs'd 
himfelf of the Town , which lay open to all Comers ; but 
the Clofc ( containing the Cathedral Church , and all the 
Glergy Men's Houfes ) was ftrongly fortified, and refolv'd a- 
f ainit him. The Wall, about which there was a broad and 
deep Mote, was fo thick, and flrong , that no Battery the 
Prince could raife, would make any impreflion ^ the Gover- 
nour, one Colonel Roufipelly very refolute ; and the Garrifbn 
of fiich Men as were moft tranfported with Superflition to 
the Caufe in which they engaged, and in Number equal to 
r' the ground they were to keep, and their Provifions ample 
for a longer time than it was fat the Prince (hould fhiy before 
it. So that it was believed, when his Highnefs had in vain 
endeavoured to procure it by Treaty, he would not have en- 

Of the Rehellion; &c. %i% 

gaged before it; for ius ftrength conGfted^ upon the matter, 
wholely in Horfe ; his Foot and Dragoons being an inconQr 
derable Force for fuch an Attempt. But whether the Di£&* 
culties were not throughly difcern'd, and weigh'd at firft^ or 
whether the importance of the place was thought fo great, 
that it was worth an equal hazard, and adventurie, he reiolv'd 
not to move 'till he had tried the uttermoft; and to thac 
purpofe, drew what addition of Force he could out of the 
Country, to ftrengthen his handful of Foot ; and perfwaded 
many (^cers, and Voluntiers of the Horfe to alight, and 
bear their parts in the Duty ; with which they chearfully 
and gallantly comply'd ; and in lefs than ten days, he had 
drawn the Mote dry, and prepar'd two Bridges for the graff. 
The Befieged omitted nothing that could be performed by 
vigilant, and bold Men; and kill'd, ^nd wounded many of 
the Beliegers; and difappointed, and fpoiled one Mine they 
had prepared. In the end, early in the Morning, the Prince 
having prepared all things in readinefs for tKe Aflault, ht 
fprung another Mine : which fucceeded according to wifh, 
and made a breach of twenty foot in the Wall, in a place 
leaft fufpedled by thbfe within ; yet they defended it with all 
poffible Courage and R^folution, and kill'd and hurt very 
manv; fome, Officers of prime Quality; whereof the Lord 
D'tglyy Colonel Gerrardj Uolonel W^gftaffe^ and Major Lez^ 
were the chief of the wounded; and when they, had entei^ 
the breach, they continued the difpute fo fiercely within 
(the narrownefs of the breach, and the afcent not fufierins 
many to enter together, and no ^orfe being; iable to get oven 
that after thev had kiird Colotiel Jjjher^ and Tome other good 
Officers, and taken others Prifoners (for both Colonel Wa^^ 
ftifffey and William Leg were in their hands) they compeird tlie 
Prince to cohfent to very honourable Conditions; which hfe 
readily yielded to, as thinking himfelf a gainer by the Bat'- 
gain. And fo the Garrifon march'd but with fair refpeq;, ^^^ Lich- 
and the Prince's teftimony of their haying made a Couragipiis field, Md 
Defence; his Highnefs being very glad of his Conqy^ '^''•^f'* 
though the pqrchafe had (hrewdly (haken his Troops, zi^^^^^i- 
robbd him of many Officers and Soldiers he much value^. 
At this time, either the day before, or the day After this 
Adtion, Prince Rupert received a pofitive Order from tne 
King, « To make ail pofliible hafte, with all the ftrength. lie 
^^ had, and all he could draw together from thofe parts, to the 
" Relief of "Reading-^ which was in the danger We but now 
left it. Upon which his Highnefs, committing the Govern- 
ment cA Lichfield to Colonel Baggoty a Son of a good and 
powerful Family in that County, and appointing his Troops 
to make what hafte was poffible after him^ himifeff with a few 

0,3 Servants 

'%^6 TheHifti>ry Book VII. 

Servtntt came to OxfrrJVb attend the King, whom he found 
^ne towards IRiomng, 

The importunity from that Garrifon for Relief was lb 
peremptory, and the concernment lb great in their PreferVa- 
tion, tnat the King found it would not bear the neceflarv de- 
lay of Prince Buftrft returning with his Forces j and there- 
fore his Majeity m Perfon^ with thofe Horfe and Foot which 
he cguld foeedily draw together, leaving very few behind 
him in Oxtordy or in any other Garribn, advanced towards 
Heading^ hoping, and that was the ucmolt of his hope, that 
he mifmt witn the AflSftance of the Garrifon, be able to force 
one Quarter, and fo draw out his Men; and by the advan- 
tage of ihofe Rivers which divided the Enemy, and by the 
p2les, be able to retire to Oxford j^ for being joy n'd, he could 
iiot have equalled one half of the Enemies Army. When the 
jKiag drew near the Town, the day being pals'd whereon they 
.had been promifed, or had promifed themfelves Relief, he 
^as encountered by a Party of the Enemy, which defended 
their Poft, who being quicUy feconded by Supplies of Horfe 
and Foot from all their Quarters, after a very Iharp Conflidl, 
In which many fell on both fides, the Kings Party, Com- 
inanded by the Earl of Forth himfelf [the General] confift- 
ing of near one thou&nd Mufqueteers, were forcedf to retire 
to their Body: which diey did the fooner, becaufe thofe of 
Jhe Town macle no femblance of endeavouring to joyn with 
;them^ which was what they principally rely'd upon. The 
reafon of that was, the Garrifon not feemg their Relief com- 
'ing, had fent for a Parley to the Enemy, which was agreed 
to, with a Truce for fo many hours, upon which Holtages 
.were delivered y and a Treaty begun, when the King came to 
Relieve it. Upon the view ofthe Enemies ftrength, and in- 
trenchment, all were of opinion that the fmall Forces of the 
King would not be able to raife the Siege, or to joyn with 
.thofe in the Town ; and in this Melancholick cotKlufion his 
Majefty retired for the prefent, refolving to make any other 
'reafonable Attempt the next day. In the mean time, fome 
Soldiers found means to efcapeoutof the Town, and Colo- 
liel Fielding himfelf in the Night came to the King, and told 
. Wm the Sttte they were in ; and " That they were in Treaty, 
.^andbeliev'd he might have very good Conditions, andli- 
** berty to march away with all their Arms and Ba^age ; 
which was fo welcome News, that the King bid him. Prince 
Supert being then prefent, ^ That if he could procure fuch 
I^.Conditions, he mould accept them : for indeed the Men 
.ibd the Arms were all that the King defir'd , the lofs of 
either of which was like to prove fiital to him. The King 
jtipmiPtfed ftill lit mtbiechy a Vill^ feveo or eight Miles 


Of the Rshelltotty &c. 137 

diftatit (rom Rfsdkfgy to attend the fucceft of the Treaty^ re- 
folving, if it fucceeded not, to try the utmoft again Ibr their 
Redemption; but all Men praying heartily for liberty to 
march oflfupcm the Treaty^ the next day thefe Articles were 
agreed on. 

t* '^That the Governour, Commanders, and Soldiers, Reiding 
<* both Horfe and Foot, might march out with Flying Colours, A"''*^'^'f 
** Arms, and four Pieces of Ordnance, Ammunition, Bag and S^Apr^zr 
^^ Baggage, light Match, Bullet in Mouth, Drums beating, and ^ ^ ' ^' 
^Trumpets founding. 

X. " Th a t they might have free pafla^e to his Majefly^a 
"Qty of Oxford^ without interruption otany of the Forces 
« under the Command of his Excellency the Earl of Effixi 
^provided the faid Governour, Commanders, and Soldiery 
<^ ufe no Hoftility until they come to OxfhrJ. 

j^. •* T H A T what Perfons were accidentally come to the 
^ Town, and fhut up by the Siege, might have liberty to prfs . 
^ without interruption j fuch Perfons only excepted, as had 
^ run away from the Army under the Command of the Earl 
^^ of Efex. 

4. *^ T H A T they Ihall have fifty Carriages for Baggage, Gck, 
^ and hurt Men. 

y. ^^ T H A T the Inhabitants of the Town of Readimg Ihould 
^not be prejudiced in their Eftates, or Perfons, either by 
"Plundering or Imprifonment ; ancl that they who would 
" leave the Town, might have free leave, and paflage, (afely 
" to go to what place they would, with their goods, within 
<« the (pace of fix Weeks after the Surrender of the Town. 

6. T H A T the Garrifon fhould quit the Town by twelve . 
« of the Clock the next Morning ; and that the Earl of Effix 
^ fhould provide a Guard for the Security of the Gamibn 
** Soldiers, when they begun to march. 

Upon thefe Articles, figtf d by the Earl of Effix^ the Town 
was delivered on the 17 ch day o^ April (being within a fort- 
night after the Siege begun) and the Garrifon march'd to the 
Kmg, who flay'd for them, and with him to Oxfrrd. But ac 
their coming out of the Town, and pafling through the Ene^ 
mies Guards, Ae Soldiers were not only reviled, and reproach- 
fully ufed, but many of them diftrm'd, and moft of the Wag- 
gons plundered, in the prcfence of the Earl of EJfex himfelt, 
and the Chief Officers ^ who feem'd to be (blended at it, and 
not to be able to prevent it 9 the unrulinefs of the Common 
Men being fo great. As this breach of the Articles was very 
notorious, and inexcufable, fo it was made the rife, founda- 
tion , and excttfe fas baiterous injuftice of the &me kind 

<^4 through- 

igS TheHi/iory BookVII. 

throughout the greateft part of the War; infomuch as the 
Kin^s Soldiers Sterward, when it was their part to be pre- 
• cife in the obfervation of Agreements, mutinoufly remembered 
the violation at Reading'^ and thereupon ezercifed the fame 
Licenfe ; from thence, either fide having fbmewhat to ob- 
jed; to the other, the requifice honefly and juftice of obferving 
Conditions was mutually, as it were oy agreement, for a long 
time after Violated. 

There had been, in the Secret Committee for the carry- 
ing on the War, forming thofe defigns, and adminiftring to the 
expenccs thereof, a long debate with great difference of opi- 
nion, whether they fliould not march diredlly with their Army 
XQ Befiege Oxford^ where the King and the Court was, rather 
than Reading ; and if they had taken that Refolution , as 
M"^ Hamhden^ and all they who defir'd ftill to ftrike at the Root, 
very earneftly infilled upon, without doubt they had put the 
JCing's Afiairs into great conftifion. For, befides that Oxford 
was not tollerably Fortified, nor the Garrifon well provided 
for, the Court, and multitude of Nobility, and Ladies, and 
.Gentry, with which it was inhabited, bore any kind of Alarm 
very ill. But others, who did not yet think their Army well 
enough compofed to refift all temptations, nor enough fubdued 
in their inclinations to Loyalty, and Reverence towards the 
Perfon of the Kin^, had no mind it ihould Befiege the very 
place where the King himfelf was ; and the Earl oiEffex him- 
lelf, who was yet the Soul of the Army, had no mind to that 
Enterprife : and fo the Army march'd, as hath been faid, di- 
rectly to Readings with the fuccefs that is mention'd. 

T HO u G H, at the inftant, the Parliament was highly pleas'd 
•with the getting the Town, and the King as well contented, 
when he faw his entire Garrifon fafely joyn'd to the reft 
.of his Army ( for it cannot be denied the joy was univerfal 
through the King's Quarters , upon the Afliirance that they 
had recovered near four thoufand good Men, whom they had 
given foir loft) yet, according to the Viciffitudes in War, when 
the Accounts are caft up, either Party grew quickly diflatif- 
fied with it's fuccefs. The King was no fooner returned to 
Oxford, but upon conference between the Officers and Sol- 
diers, there grew a Whifper, " That there had not been fair 
**carriage,and th^t Reading had been betray'd,and from thence 
made a noife through Oxford \ and the very next day, and at 
the fame time. Colonel Fielding^ upon wnom the difcourfes 
refle<aed, came to the King to defire, «< That an Account might 
"be taken of the whole bufinefs at a Council of War for his 
" Vindication ; and the Common Soldiers , in a diforderiy 
manner, "To require Juftice againtt Him for betraying, and 
f« delivering up the Town to the Rebels; which they avow'd 


of the RebeUttn^ &a stj^ 

with lb much confidence, with the mention of fome particu- 
lars, ^^ As the having frequent intercourfe with the £arl of 
'^ Effex^ and hindering and forbidding the Soldiers to ifliie out 
^' of the Town to joyn with the King, when he came to rdieve 
*'them, although their Officers had drawn them up to that 
*^purpofe, and were ready to lead them j and the like; with 
fomeraih, and paflionate words difrefpediful to his Majeflyj 
fo that he gave prefenc order for his Commitment, and Tryal c^UnA 
at a Court of War; the King himfelf being marvelloufly in- Fielding 
cenfed againft him, for that Claufe in the third Article, which •'"^'^'•^ 
gave liberty to all who were accidentally come to the Town, *surrlun^ 
and (hut up by a Siege, to pafs without interruption, where- 
in there was an exception of fuch Perfons who had run away 
from the Earl of Ejfex^^ Army, and by virtue of that excep- 
tion fome Soldiers were taken after the rendering of the 
Town, and were executed. And though the Colonel excufed 
himfelf, " As being no more concerned to Anfwer for the Ar- 
*^ tides, than every Member of the Council of War, by which 
** they were agreed ; yet it was alledgcd, *' That the Council 
*^ of War had been induced to thofe Articles, upon 
^' the Colonel's averment, that the King had feen them, and 
^* approved of them. Whereas his Majefty had never feea 
any Articles in writing, but only confented, that they Qiould 
march away with their Arms and Baggage, if the Enemy a- . 
greed to thofe Conditions. I have not known the -King more 
afflidted, than he was with that Claufe, which he call'd no lefe 
" Than giving up thofe poor Men, who out of Confcience of 
^^ their Rebellion, had betaken themfelves to his ProteSion, 
^' to be Maflacred and Murdered by the Rebels, whom they 
*' had deferted; and for the vindication of himfelf therein, he 
immediately publilh'd a Proclamation, in which he took no- 
tice of that Claufe; and declared to all the World : 

" T H A T he was not privy to, or, in the leaft degreej con- 
<* fencing to that exception, but held the fame moft preju- 
<' dicial to his Service, and derogatory to his Honour ; and . 
<* that he would always choofe to run any hazard or danger, 
<^ the Violence or Treafon of his Enemies could threaten, or 
'« bring upon him, rather than he would withdraw, or deny 
«« his Protedtion to any, who, being convinced in their Con- 
<« fcience of their difloyalty, fliould return to their Duty, and 
<' betake themfelves to his Service. And as he had referred 
*' to a Court of War, the full examination of all the particular 
" proceedings, in the delivery of that Town, that Julhce might 
<^ oe done accordingly ; fo he did declare, that he would always 
<< proceed with all feverity againft fuch, as (hould, by the like 
<< difhonourable Conditions, expofe his Subjeds, and bereave 
<< them of his Proce£lion that had returo'd to their Obedience 
<*tohim. At 

140 The Hiftory Book VII. 

At the Trjrtl, it was objeaed againft the Colond, <^Thtt 
^ the Town might have been longer defended, there being 
^^ no want of neceflary Provifion, and as much Powder, at the 
^ giving it op, as there was when the Enemy came firft before 
*Ut; for be&des the ftrft fupply, fixteen Barrels were put in 
^ during the SkirmiQi, when the King came to relieve it : 
** That feveral Colonels prefs'd very eameltly to Sally, when 
•* the King^s Forces were engaged, and that they were ex- 
*^pre(sly hindered, and forbidden by Him: That he frc- 
** quently gave his Pafs to a Woman to go out of the Town, 
**who went into the Earl of Effect's Army, and returned a* 
^ gain : That he perfwaded the Council of War to confent to 
^ the Articles, by protefting that the King had well approved 
^ them, and reproached thofe Officers who were of another 
*^ opinion; with fome other particulars of Licenfe and Paffion, 
which refle<fled more upon his Difcretion, than his Honefty, 
or Condud:. 

H E juftified himfelf ^ To have done nothing towards th6 
^^ delivery of the place^ but upon foil confideration, advice, 
^ and approbation of the Council of War : That he was in 
^' his own Confcience, and Judgment fatisfied, that the fob- 
^^ilance of the Articles were advantageous for his Majefty's 
<^ Service; and though it was true, by that lad fup^ly of Am-i 
^munition, their Store was near as much as when the Siege 
^< begun; yet it was in all but thirty two Barrels, which 
** would have lafted but few hours, if the Enerny, who had 
•* approached within little more than Piftol-lhot of fome parts 
*^ of their Works, (hould attack them in that manner as they 
^ had reafon to expeS: ; and if they had held out longer, when 
''it had appeared that the King was not ftrong enough to re* 
** lieve them , they (hould not have been admitted to fuch 
'^ Conditions : and therefore, that he believed a hazard of fo 
'^ great a concernment, was not to be run, when he well knew 
" Bis Majefty's former Refolution of flighting the Garrifon ; 
^ and that it would not be now done above a fortnight fooner 
** than was intended : That he had no knowledge of his Ma- 
**jeftyes approach, till the Forces were engaged, when a 
^ Truce was concluded, and their Hoftages in the Enemies 
** hands; and therefore, that he conceived it againft the Law 
" of Arms to make any attempt from the Town ; and before 
^ they could Sufficiently deliberate it in Council, his Majefty^s 
** Forces retir'd : That the Woman to whom he gave a Pafs, 
^ was one he often imployed as a Spy, with very good cflEeft; 
**and he did believe, the advantage he receiv'd by it, was 
** plater than (he could carry to the Enemy by any informa- 
•^tion (he could gnre : That he did perfwade the Council of 
^ War to cpnfeot to the Conditions, b^caufe be believed them 

Cf the Rehellion^ &c. 14.1 

* very profitable to his Majefty, and he had averr'd only his 
^'-Mzymfz approbation of the general Sub(hince of the Ar* 
** tides, never applied it to the Qaufe of the third Article^ 
^ which he much defir'd to have alcer'd, but could not obtain 
I* the con(ent of the Enemy. If he had been intemperate, or 
^ paflSonate to any, who were of another opinion, or had ufed 
^^any paflionate expreflion in the Debate, it proceeded only 
'^froro his Zeal to the Service, and his apprehenfion of the 
" lofs of fo many good Men, upon whom ne well knew the 
^'King much depended : That he might have committed ma- 
** ny Indifcretions, for which he defied pardon, but had not 
** feird in point of Fidelity : That by the unfortunate hurt dF 
*'theGovernour, the Command was devolv*d upon him by 
^ his right of Seniority, not any Aihbitious dcfign of his own : 
^ That he had, from time to time, acquainted S' Arthur Afton 
" with the State, and Condition they were in, and though 
** his indifpofition of Health was fuch, that he would not give 
** pofitive Orders, he fcem'd to approve of all that was done j 
^ and though, for the former realon, he refiifed to fign the 
" Articles, yet they were read to him, and he exprefs'd no 
*^ diflike of them. The truth of it is, & Arthur Afiau was 
believ'd by many, not to be in fo incompetent a Condition to 
Command as he pretended \ and that albeit his Head was fo 
much fwoln, that he might not in Perfon venture upon anv 
execution, yet his underttanding, or fenfes, were not mucn 
diftemper'd,or difcompos'd ; and that he only pofitively wav'd 
tnedling, out of diflike of the C(Hidition they were in. And 
it is true, that, when he came to Oxfori^ Jie could fpeak as 
reafonable of any matter, as ever 1 knew him before, or 

Notwithstanding all the defence the Colonel 
could make for himfelt^ and diat theire was not indeed any 
colour of proof, that he had afted any thine treacheroufly, he 
was, upon an Article " For not obeying Orders (for in this 
agitation he had received fome fuch, which he had not pre- 
cifeiy obferv'd) ^^ Sentenced to lofe his head; which judgmenr^ 
after long and great interceflion, was, in the end, remitted 
by the King: but his Regiment difpofed to another ; and He 
never reftord to that Command. And though he had been 
always before of an unblemilh'd Reputation for Honefty, and . 
Courage ; and had heartily been engaged from the beginning 
of the Troubles, and been hurt in the Service, and he ap- 
pear'd afterwards as a Voluntier, with the fame Courage, m 
the mo(t perilous Adtions, and obtained a principal Command 
in another of the King's Armies, he never recovered the mif- 
fortune and blcmiQi ofthis Imputation. And yet I mtift pro* 
fefi for my parr, being no ftrang^to what was then tUedg'd 


%4>% The Hilary Book Vll. 

and prov'd on either Party, I do believe him to have been free 
from any bafe compliance with the Enemy, or any cowardly 
declenfion of what was reafbnable to be attempted. So fatal 
are all misfortunes, and fo difficult a thing it is to play an after- 
Game of Reputation, in that nice and jealous Profi&on. 

The Inconveniences, and Mifchiefs, that refulted to the 
King from this accident, were greater than were at that time 
taken notice of ^ for from this, the Fadions in Court, Army^ 
and City (which afterwards grew very troublefome to the 
King) were dated, and took their pnginal^ great Animofi- 
ties grew between the Officers of the Army^ fome being 
thought to have been too paffionate, and foliicitous in the 
profecution of theColonel,and too much to have countenanced 
the rage and fury of Common Soldiers in demanding Juftice 
on their Officer^ for from fuch a kind of Clamour it begun. 
Others again were as much condemned for a palpable avow'd 
protedion of him, thereby to fliew their power, that a Per- 
Ibn they ^vour'd, Ihould not fufifer; andofboththefe, fome 
were more Violent than they fhould have been j which fe- 
veral inclinations equally poflefs'd the Court, fome believing 
that he was really guiky of Treachery, though not fo clearly 

Erov'd^ and therefore that, being within the Mercy of the 
.aw, upon another Article, Mercy ought to be Ihew'd to 
himj others as really fuppoiing him Innocent, and therefore 
thinking it great pity, feverely to take the forfeiture, upon 
fuch a point, as few (Officers of the Army did not know them- 
felves guilty in : Thefe fuppofing the former too full of rigour, 
and uncharitablenefs j and They again accusing the Other of 
too much lenity, and indulgence j whilft many Gentlemen of 
Honour, and Quality, whofe Fortunes were Embarked with 
the King, grew extremely jealous, that the Parliament had 
corrupted fome of the King's Officers with rewards j and that 
others had power to proteft them from punifhment, and difco- 
very ; and the Soldiers again as much incenfed, that their lives 
mult be facrificed, upon Cafual and Accidental Trefpaflcs, to 
the animoQty and jealoufy of thofe who run not the lame dan- 
gers with them. 

But thefe Indifpofitions, and Diflempers, were the eSeSts 
of the exigents of that time ( I wifh the humours had been 
impaired when the times mended) and very many who faw 
the King's Condition very low in an inftant, and believ'd the 
Rebels to be mod flourifhing, would look no farther for a 
. ^ reafon, than the lofs of Reading -^ though they had all ftill 
but the Town ; which was never intended to be kept. It is 
mod certain, that the King himfelf was fo far from believing 
the Condition he. was in to be tolerable, that, upon the news 
of die £arl of Effix^^ advance cowards OxfrrJy within four 

of the ReheUion^ Sec. a4g 

or five days after the lofs of Reading^ be once refblv'd, and 
that by the advice of the Chief Officers of his Army, to march 
away towards the North, to joyn with the Earl of New-cafile. 
And if the Earl of Effix had, at that time, but made any. 
Ihew of moving with his whole Body that way, 1 do verily 
perfwade my felf, Oxford it felf, and all the ocher Garrifons 
of thofe parts, had been quitted to them ^ but thofe fears were 
quickly compofed, by an Affiirance of the Earl's ftay at Read^ 
ing'y and that he was not in a polture for a prefenc march, and 
that his Numbers had been fhrewdly leffeny by the Siege : 
whereupon the King refolv'd to abide him, and give him 
Battle about Oxford^ if he advanced^ and, in the mean time, 
encamped his Foot upon the Down, about a Mile frem Ahmg-^ 
don I which was the head Quarter for his Horfe. 

When the Seafon of the year grew ripe for taking the 
Field, the Earl of Effex found that his too early march had 
nothing advanced his Affairs ^ the Soldiers having performed 
fo ftridt duty, and lodging upon the ground, in froft and rain, 
before Readtngyhiid produced great ficknefs and difcafes in his 
Army, which had wafted abundance of his Men , fo that he 
wanted rather another Winter Quaner to recover, and recruit 
his Men, than an opportunity to engage them in Action; 
which he found would be too often adminifter'd. He fenc 
daily importunities to the Parliament for fupplies of all kinds, 
which they were not enough ftirniflicd with to fatisfy him; 
new Divilions and Animofities arofe There, to perplex their 
Counfels. Their Triumph upon the taking ofReadhg^ which 
they had celebrated with loud feftivity, and made the City 
believe that all thofe benefits would attend it, which they 
knew would be molt gratefiil to them, appeared now, without 
any fruit; the Kinp had all his Forces and Army entire, and 
had only loft a Town that he never meant to keep, and 
which They knew not what to do with ; and was now ready 
to come into the Field, when Theirs was deftitute of health, 
and all thofe accommodations, which muft enable them to 
march : and their General, every day reiterated his complaints, 
and reproached them with the unskilfol Orders they had fent 
him, by which, againft all the Advice and Arguments he had 
given them, he was reduced to that extremity. 

Thk difrefpeftful, and abfurd breaking off the Treaty 
with the King, was urged by their Commiflionersj who • 
thought themfelves difobliged by it, and publiQi'd the King's 
gracious dilpofition, and the temper of the Council in Oxford^ 
to be different from what the Parliament defired it ^ould be 
believed. They complained of Jealoufies which had been en- 
tertained of their Integrity ; and the Earl of Northumherland 
having difcover^d as isfaid before, that Harry I4aftimha& 


344 TheHiJiory Book VII. 

' open'd a Letter, which he had writ from Oxford to his Lady^ 
took him aiide, after a conference in the Fainted Chamber 
between the two Houfes, and queftion'd him uDon ic^ and 
the other giving him fome rude Anfwers in juftiBcation of 
what he had done, the iurl Cudgeird him in that prefeacc} 
upon which many Swords were drawn, to the great reproach 
tnd icandai of the ParUament. 

These, and the like Inftances of diftradion, and confii* 
(ion, brought the Reputation of that Party low^ and made 
it look'd upon, as liice to deftroy it felf without an Enemy ^ 
whilft the King's Party^ at that diltance, feem'd to be more 
united^ and to have recover'd their Spirits, of which they 
received frequent evidence by the News of fome of their Quar* 
ters being b^at up, and many of their Men loit by the unex* 
peded Incurfions of the King's Horfe^ whereof fome Parties 
VN Night marches, and unufual Lane^, went often near Ijm^ 
amty 9^ took many Prifoners, who thought themfelves (e- 
cure, in their Houfes, and in Journeys they made ^ who were 
put> to ranfome themfelves with good Sums of Money ; fo 
that, after all thofe Mountains of promifes, and undertaking^ 
the wants were greater, and the City more importuned for 
Money, and the Parliament viGbly more necefTitated for want 
of it, then they had been before ; and inltead of di(perfing 
the King's Army, and bringing the King back to his Parlia- 
ment, a fuddain aire<3ion was given, and a vigorous execu- 
tion of that direction was begun, to draw a Line about the 
Cities of London zadlfeftminjiery and to Fortify it; left the 
King's Forces might break in upon them ; which made the 
People fufpedl the State of their Afiairs to be worfe than in 
truth it was ; yet fo far were they from any thoughts of Peace, 
and Accommodation, that the Houfe of Commons raged 
more furioufly than ever; and every day engaged themfelves 
in conclufions more monftrous, than they had yet enter'd 
upon. For the fupply of the Charge of the War, they pro- 
pofed fettling and impofing an Excife upon fuch Commodi- 
ties as might bdft bear it; which was a burden the People of 
England had hitherto reproach'd other Nations with, as a 
Mark of Slavery, and never fear'd by themfelves ; and for 
the exercife of the Soveraign Power, they refolv'd it fit to 
make a new Great Seal, to h^ always refident with the Houfes. 
But the Lords were not yet arriv'd at that preemption, but 
plainly refufed to concur with them in either. 

Whilst both Armies lay quiet, the One about Readings 
die Other about AUngdon or Oxford^ without attempting one 
upon the Other, or any Adtion, (ave fome fmall Enrerprifes 
by JParties (in which the King got advantage; as particularly 
tbe yomfg furl of ttmkm/ifhm foromacely encoumct^d a Party 


/ OftheRehelUon^ &c. i4-y 

oFHorre and Foot from NorthMmfUwy which thou^t them- 
felves ftrong enou^ to atcempc upon Bakittry : But he ha* 
ving Routed their norfe, kill'd above two hundred of theur 
Foot, and todc as many more Prifoners, rooft whereof were 
Ihrewdly hurt, the young Earl that day facrificing to the 
Memory of hii Father) the King received, from the Earl of 
Nm<:sfiUj by a ftrong Party of Horfe, a good and amde 
fupply of Ammunition jp the want whereot allMenlook'd 
upon with sreat Horrour. As foon as this was arriv'd, and the 
King had beard, that his Armies, both in the North, and 
Welt, begun to flourifh, and thoueht himfelf well provided 
to encounter the Earl of Effexy if he defired it; his Majefty 
rcfolv^d once more to try, whether the two Houfes would 
incline to a reafonable Peace; and to that purpofe fent a 
Mdfige to them by an exprels Servant of his own, in thefe 

^'SiNCE his Majefty's MeC&ge of the nth oi jifril {m'^'^H^ 
"which he conceived he had made fuch aa Overture fo^the^J^^J^ 
c< immediate disbanding of all Armies, and compofure ov^fftuf^ 
c< thofe miferable, and prefent Dillra<f^ions, by a fuii and free May m. 
reconvention of Parliament, that a perfed: and fettled Peace 
<e would have enfued ) hath in all this time , above a fiill 
«« Month, procured no Anfwer from both Houfes, hisMajeity 
<* might well believe himfelf abfolv'd, both before God, and 
<< h/my from the leaft poffible Charge of not having ufed hit 
^ utmoft endeavours for Peace ; yet, when he considers, that: 
"the Scene of all this Calamity is in the Bowels of his own 
"Kingdom; that all the blood, which is fpilt, is of his own 
"Subjeds; and that what Vi&ory foever it ihall pleafe 
" God to give him, muft be over thofe who ought not to 
"have lifted up their hands a^nft Him; when he confiders 
" that theie defperate Civil Diflenfions may encourage and 
" invite a Porreign Enemy, to make a Prey of the whole 
" nation; that Ireland is in prefent danger to be totally loft; 
" that the heavy Judgtpencs of God, Plague, Peftiience, and 
"Famine, will be the inevitable attendants of this unnatural 
" Contention : And that in a fliort time, there will be fo ge* 
" nefal a habit of Uncharitablenefs, and Cruelty, contracted 
" through the whole Kingdom, that even Peace it felf will 
"not reftore his People to their old Temper, and Security; 
" his Majefty cannot but again call for an Anfwer to that nit 
"gracious Meflage, which gives fo &ir a rife to end thefe 
" unnatural diftr^ons. And his Majefty doth this with the 
"more earneftnefs, becaufe he doubts not the condition of 
^his Armies in feveral parts; the ftrength of Horfe, Foot, 
"Artilkry, his plenty, of Ammunition (when feme Men 


%^ TheHiftory Book VII. 

^lately might conceive he wanted) is fo well known, and 
<^ underftood) that ic rouft be confefs'd, nothing but the ten-" 
^d^rnefi) and love to his People, and thofe Chriftian ini« 
^^preffions, which always live, and he hopes always (hall 
^ dwell ip his heart, could naove him once more to hazard 
**,a-r^fal. And he requires them, as they will Anfwer to 
"God, ito Himfelf, and all the World, that they will no 
"longer iiifFer their fellow Subjed&to welter in each others 
" Blood ^ that they would remember by whofe Authority, 
" and to what end they met in that Council, and fendfuch 
^ an Anfwer to his Majefty, as may open a door to let in a 
"firm Peace, and Security to the whole Kingdom. If his 
"Majeft'y (hill again be disappointed of his Intentions there- 
" in, the blood, rapine, and deftrudkion, which may follow 
^'m.EngUndy and Ireland^ will be call upon the Accounc 
" of thofe who are deaf to the motive of Peace and Ac- 

This Meffage. was received by the Houfeof Peers (to 
whom it was directed ) with all deroonftration of refped, and 
duty, and the Meflenger very civilly intended by them; 
but when they communicated it to the Houfe of Commons, 
and defired their concurrence in preparing an Addrefs to the 
King fuitable to his gracious Invitations, that Houfe was 
fo far from concurring with them, that they gave immediate 
Tie »»/«•/ Order (which was executed accordingly ) tor the Apprehen- 
ComiMns fion, and Commitment of the Gentleman who brought the 
cMMnifthe Mcflage, and declared, "That they would proceed againft 
effen^er^ " him at a Council of War, upon the Order formerly men- 
tioned, made by them when the Treaty was at Oxford^ " Thar 
"any Perfon coming from Oxford without their Generals 
" Pafs, or one from the Houfes, ihould be punilh'd as a Spy j 
to which Orders as the Peers never consented, fo the King 
had never, till this Commitment, notice of it; and Them- 
felves, after the making it, had fent feveral Mcflengcrs to 
the King, without any tbrmahty of Pafs or Trumpet. 

The Lords did what they could, publickly and privately, 
to diflwade this courfe; but they could not prevail: the 
Houie of Commons finding that the very imagination that a 
Peace might be concluded, infinitely retarded their carrying 
on the War, and made not only thofe who were yet free, 
not eafy to be drawn in ; but many who were engaged, re- 
mifs, and willing to retire; therefore they refolv'd to proceed 
with that Vigour, and Refolution, that lio reafonable Man 
fliould believe it poflible for the King to gain a Peace but by 
Subduing Them, which feem'd at leaft equally impoffible. 
To this purpofe, inilead of recuming any Aniwer to Che King's 



Of the ReheUion, &q. 24.7 

Mef&ge within three days after the receiving it, they im^ 
peached the Queen of High Treafon, " For Affiuing the King^T^ Cbm- 
*^ her Husband with Arms, and Ammunition, in the profe- '^*' 'f" 
*'cution of the War againit Them, an Attempt as unheard ^^,^ 
of among all the Ads of their Predeceflbrs, and as furpriling n^h Trtti^ 
as any thing they had yet ventured upon: Their Clergy /•». 
founded their Trumpets louder to War than ever, if it was 
poffible: and they refoiv'd, that Allembly of Divines to 
which tney had at the Treaty urg'd the King's confent, Ihould 
now meet by an Ordinance of their own, with an Addition of 
fome Members of either Houfe to that Number. 

There had been, fome Months before, a defign of Prince 
Eupert upon the City of Briftol^ by correfpondence with fome 
oiFthe chief Inhabitants of the City, who were weary of the 
Tyranny of the Parliament ; but it had been fo unskilfully, or 
unhappily carried, that, when the Prince was near the Towik 
with fuch a Party of Horfe and Foot, as he made choice o^ 
it was difcover'd, and many Principal Qtizens apprehended 
by Nathaniel Fiennes^ Son to the Lord Say^ and then Cover- 
nour of that City for the Parliament; at this time, fpecial di- 
tQ&xon and order was fent thither, '' That he (hould, with all 
^feverity, and expedition, proceed againit thofe Confpirators 
( as they called them ) iad thereupon, by a Sentence and 
Judgment of. a Council of War, Alderman Teomans^ whp 
had been High Sheriff' of the City, and Of great Reputation in 
it, and George Bouchier another Citizen of principal Account, 
were i againft all Interpoiitions his Majeily could make ) both 
hans;ea ; and all other imaginable Adts done, to let all the 
world fee that there was no way to Peace but by the Sword. 

There fell out now an accident at London^ which gave ^jf^Af 
great advantage to them in the fierce profecutionof the War, j'J'^^''^^'^ 
a difcovery of a Plot, which produced a publick thankfgiving^^^^^ ^^ 
to God for their deliverance, a wondernil Animolity againit waller, Uir 
the King, and a Covenant, and Union among Themfelves, Tomkini, 
and throughout the City a prejudice to all Moderate Men^^^f^J^^J 
who promoted an Accommodation, and a Brand upon all ^^» J*"' 
Overtures of Peace as Stratagems upon the City, and the Par- 
liament, Of this Plot, there being never fuch a formed rela- 
tion made by thofe who made great ufe of ir, that Men can 
colle<^ what the defign was, or that it was laid, r widi any pro- 
bable drcumftances, by which a fuccefs might be expected, X 
ihall briefly, and faithfully fet down all that I know, have 
hear4d9 or can reafonably conjedure to be in it: and it was 
thought by many, anda.yerr'd by others ,)fho I believe did 
Not think fo, " That I knew as much of it as, mqft , Men . 

There was of the Houfe, of Commons, one Mr IVaifcr, a 

GeQjfeman of ^ very good Fortune and J^(t^e, and of admira- 

. VpJ. U. Part. t. . PL" ' ble 


i4,8 The Hi/iorr Book VII. 

bl€ parts, and faculties of Wit and Eloquence^nd of an intimate 
Converfation, and Familiarity with thofe who had that Re* 

Imration. He had, from the beginning of the Parliament, been' 
ool^d upon by all Men, as a Perfon of very entire Afiedlions 
to the King's Service, and to the eftabliCh'd Government of 
Church and State; and by having no manner of relation to 
the Court, had tfie more credit and intereft to promote the 
rights of it. When the ruptures grew fo great between the 
King and the two Houfes, that very many of the Members 
withdrew from thofe Councils, He, among the reft, with equal 
diflike abfented himfelf; but at the time the Standard was fee 
up, having intimacy and friendfhip wit^ fome Perfons now 
of aearnefs about the King, with the King's Approbation, he 
return'd again to Lontkni where he (poke, upon all occar 
Cons, with great fharpnefs, and freedom; which (now there 
were fo few there that ufed it, and there was no danger of be- 
ing over Voted ) was not reftrain'd ; and therefore ufed as an 
Argument againft thofe, who were gone upon pretence ^ That 
^ they were not fuficr'd to declare their opinion freely in the 
^'Houfe; which could not be belieV'd, when all Men knew, 
^ what Liberty M^ fFaikr took, and fpoke every day with im- 
** punity, againft the Senle, and Proceedings of the Houfe. This 
won him a great Reputation with all People who wifh'd well 
to the King; and he was look'd upon as the boldelt Cham^ 
pion the Crown had in both iioufes ; fo that fuch Lords, aiMl 
Commons, as really defir*d to prevent the ruin of the King- 
dom, willingly^ complied in a great familiarity with him, as a 
Man refolute in their ends, and beft able to promote ihem. 
AiKJ it may be they believ'd his Reputation at Court fo good, 
that he would be no ill Evidence There, of other Mens Zeal, 
and af{e(3:ion; and (o all Men fpoko their minds freely to 
him, both of the general diflemper, and of the paflions, and 
ambition of particular Perfons : All Men knowing him to be 
•^ of too good a Fortune, and too wary a Nature, to engage him- 
ielf in defigns of danger or hazard. 

Mr Waller had a Brother in Law, one M"" nmkmf^ 
who had married his Sifter, and was Clerk of the Queen's 
Council, of very good fame for Honefty, and AbiKty. This 
Gentleman had good Intereft, and Reputation in the City, 
and converted roudi with thofe who diflikedthe [MX}ceeding^ 
of the Parlianaent, and wifh'd to live under the fame Gov^em^ 
mentthey were bom j and from thofe Citi:&ens received in- 
formation of the temper of the People, upon Accidents, id the 
publick Afl&irs. And MrW^fer, and He, with.thae confi- 
oence that ufes to be between Brethren of tbe fame good kf- 
fedions, frequently itpparted their obfitrvations, and opinions 
to each other i the one relatuig, how maoy in both^Houfea 


Of the Rehelliofi, &c. 149 

indined to peace ; and the other making the fame judgment 
upon the correfbondence he had, and intelligence he received 
from the moft fubftantial Men of Latulen^ and both of them 
tg&in communicated what one rec^iv'd from the other, to the 
Company they ufed to converfe with^ Mr H^fr imparting 
the wiih^ and power of the well afiedled Party in the City, 
to the Lords and Gentlemen whom he knew to be of the fatne 
mind^ and Mr nn^hs acquainting thofe he durit trufl: of the 
City, that fuch and fuch Lords and Gentlemen, who were of 
Q)eccd Note, were weary of thediilra(3:ion8,and would hear- 
tily, and confidently contribute to fuch an honourable, and 
honefi: Peace, as aU men knew would be moft acceptable to 
the King. And from hence they came reasonably to a con-* 
clufion, that if fome n^eans were found out to raife a confi* 
dence in thofe who wiili'd well, that they fhould not be op* 
prefs'd by the extravagant power of the defperate Party; but 
that if they would fo iar aiiift one another, as to declare theii^ 
opinions to be the fame, they fhould be able to prevent, or 
fupprefi thofe Tumults, which feem'd to countenance the di-« 
ftraj^ions 9 and the Houfes would be induced to Terms of 

I N this time the Lord Conway^ being remrn'd from Ir^ 
iamly incenfed againft the ScotSj and difcontented with the 
Parliament here, finding M' Wailer in good efteem with thd 
Earl of NoTthumterlandy and of great Friendfhip with th6 
Earl of Vortlandy he enter'd into the fame familiarity ; andy 
being more of a Soldier, in the dUcourfes adminifter'd que-* 
ftions, and confiderations, nece(&ry to be underftood by Me» 
that either meant to Ufe force, or to Refift it \ and wifli'A 
^ That they who had Interefl^ and Acquaintance in the City^ 
^^ would endeavour by a mutual corrdjpondence to inform 
^themfelves of the diftinA Afiedlions of their Neighbours^ 
^ tha^^ upcm any exigent. Men mig^t forefee whom they might 
^ cruft: and thefe difcourfes being again deriv'd by Mr J^A- 
Ur to M^ 'F9mkins^ He, upon occafion, and conference with 
his Con^nions, infilled on the fame Arguments; and they 
again converfing with their Friends, and Acquaintance (for 
cSf all this bu&nefs, there were not above three who ever fpoktf 
together) agreed, "That fome well afiedled Perfons, in every 
" Parifh, a;nd Ward, about Lomlony fhould make a lift of all 
^the Inhabitants; and thereupon to make a reafonable guefi 
'^of their feveral Afife£kions (which at that time was no harif 
fiiMg for obferving Men to do) and thence a cfomputation of 
die Strength; and Power of that Party, which was notorioufly 
^^entagainfliany Accooimodation. 

1 A M perfwaded the ucmofl projeA in this Defign Was (I 
Sgtik not what particular Mtn might intend, or wifh upon 

R A their 

^SO TheHift&ry BookVII. 

their own &ncies) to beget fuch a Cotnbination among the 
Farty well affeiSed, that mey would refufe to conform to thofe 
Ordinances of the twentieth part, and other Taxes for the 
fiipport of the War J and thereby, or by joynt Petitioning 
iQx Peace, and difcountenancing the other who Petition'd 
i^ainft it, to prevail with the nrliament to incline to a de- 
termination of the War. And it may be, fome Men might 
think of making advantage of any Cafiial Commotion, or pre- 
venting any mifchief by itj and thereupon that enquiry where 
the Magazines lay, and dilcourfe of wearing fbme diftinguifli- 
ing tokens, had been rather cafiially mentioned, than ferioully 
propofed. For it is certain, very many who were Confcious 
to themfelves of Loyal Purpofes to the King, and of Hearty 
diilike of the Parliament's Proceedings, andobferv'd the vio- 
lent, revengeful, ruinating profecution of all Men, by thofe 
of the engaged Party, were not without fad apprehenfions 
that, upon (ome Jealoufy, and Quarrel pick'd, even a general 
. Maflacre might be attempted of all the King's Friends ^ and 
thereupon, in feveral difcourfes, might touch upon fuch ex- 

Sdients, as fiiight in thofe Seafons be mod ben^cial to their 
ety. But that there was ever any fbrm'd defign, either of 
letting in the King's Army into JLondon^ which was impofli- 
ble to be contriv'd \ or of railing an Army there, and fur- 
priflng the Parliament, or any qne Perfbn of it, or of ufing 
, any violence, in, or upon the City, I could never yet feecaufc 
to believe ; and if there had, they would have publifli'd fuch 
a relation of it, after yi^WaUer had confefs'd to them, all he 
knew, had heard, or fancied to himfelf, as might have con- 
i2;ituted fome reaibnable underflanding of it ^ and not have . 
contented themfelves with making conclufions from Queftions 
that had been asked, and Anfwers, made by Perfons unknown, 
and forcing expreflions ufed by one, to relate to actions of 
another, l>etween whom there had been never the lead ac- 
quaintance, or correfpondence; and joyning what was faid 
at London to fomewhat done at Oxford^ at another time, and 
to another purpofe : for before I nnilh this difcourfc, it will 
be neceflary to fpeak of another Aftioii, which, how diflinfl; 
foever from this that is related, was woven together to make 
one Plot. 

From th^ King's coming to Oxford^ many Citizens of 
good Quality, wlK>.were profecuted, or jealoufly look'd upon 
in London^ pad refortcd to the King, and hoping, if the Win- 
ter produced not a Peace, that the Summer would carry the. 
/ King before that City with an Army, they had cntertain'd 

fome difcourfc " Of raifing, upon their own Stocks of Money 
« and Credit, !(c>me Regiments of. Foot, and Horfe, ai^d jo)?n- 
^^ing withfcove.Genttemen of K^f, who w^rc 

f "clincd 

Cfthe RebeUton^ &c. 15*1 

^ dined to fuch an undertaking : Among there was Sr Nfe&i^ 
Im Crt^y a Citizen of good Wealth, great Trade, and afi 
^'a<^ive Spirited Man, who had been lately profecuted with 
great feverity by the Houfe of Commons^ and bad thereupon 
fled firom London^ for appearing too great a Stickler in a Pe- 
tition for Peace in the City. This Gentleman induftrioufly 
preferv'd a correlpondence itill there, by which he gave the 
king often verv ufeful Intelligence, and afliired him <^Of a 
<< very confiderable Party, which would appear there for him, 
<^when ever his own Power {hould be lo near as to give 
^'them any Countenance. In the end, whether invited by 
his Correfpondents there, or trufting his own fprightly inch- 
nations and refolutions too much, and concluding that all who 
were equally Honeft, would be equally Bold, he defir'd hia 
Majefty, ^ To grant a Commiffion to fuch Perfons, whom He 
<^ would nominate, of the City of London^ under the Great 
^^Seal of Englandj in the nature of a Commiffion of Array, 
" by virtue whereof, when the Seafon (hould come, his Party 
^ there would appear in difcipline, and order ; and that this 
^ was defir'd by thofe, who belt knew what Countenance and 
^'Authority was requifite; and being trufted to them would 
^< not be executed at all, or elfe at fuch a time as his Majefty 
^^ihould receive ample fruit by it; provided it were done with 
^^fecrecy, equal to the hazard they Ihould run who were 
<^ employed in it. 

The King had this exception to it, « The improbability 
^ that it could do good, and that the failing might do hurt to 
<* the Undertakers. But the Promoter was a very Popular Man 
in the City, where he had been a Commander of the Train'd- 
bands, till the Ordinance of the Militia remov'd him; which 
rather improved, than leflen'd, his Credit; and he was very 
confident, it would produce a notable advantage to the King: 
however. They defir'd it who were there, and would not ap- 
pear without it; and therefore the King confented to it; re-' 
ferring the nomination of all Perfons in the Commiffion to 
him ; who, he verily believ'd, tad proceeded by the Inftru- 
£tion and Advice of thofe that were nearelt the concernment;, 
and for the fecrecy of it, the King referred the preparing, and 
difpatch of the Commiflion to S' Nicholas Criff himfelf, who 
ihould acquaint no more with it, than he found requifite ; fo 
without the privity, or advice of any Counfellbr, or Minifter 
of State then moft trufted by his Majefty, he procured fuch 
a Commiffion as he defir'd (being no other tnan the Com- 
miffion of Array in EngUJh ) to be fign'd by the King, and ^* 
feal'd with the Great Seal. 

This being done, and remaining ftill in his Cuftody, the 
Lady Aui'tgitejy by a Pafs, and with the confent of the Houfes, 

R 3 came 

%S^ The Hiftorjf BookVII. 

OMDe to Oxford to tranra£t the Affairs of her own Fortune 
with the King upon the death of her Husband, who was kill'd 
Ht Edge-hiUy and (he haring in few days difpatch'd her bufi- 
ififiSs there, and being ready to return, S** Nicholas CrsBf came 
to (he King, and befought him, << To defire that Lady (who 
bid a Pa6, and fo could promife her felf iafety in her Journey) 
^to carry a finall Box (in which that Commiflion ihould 
W) ^^ with her, and to keep it in her own Quitody, until s 
<^ Gentleman ihould call to her Ladyfhip for it, by fuch a 
<' token J that token, he (aid, ^ He could fend to one of the 
^Per(bns.trufted, wno ihould keep it by him, till the oppor* 
^tunitycame, in whichitmig^t be executed. The King ac* 
fordingly wiih'd the Lady Aukigneyj to carry it with greac 
dce and (ecrecy; telling her, ^It much concern'd his own 
^ Service ; and to deliver it in (uch manner, and upon fuch 
Aflurance,a8 is before mentioned : which (he did ^ and^within 
few days a&er her return to Lmdon^ deliver'd it to a Perfbn, 
wiK> was. appointed to call for it. How this Commidion was 
diicover'd, 1 could never learn : for though M^ iPaUer had the 
Honour to be admitted often to that Lady, and was believ'd 
hj Her to be a Gentleman of moflr entire AfifeAions to the 
King's Service, and confequently might be fitly truiied with 
what (he knew, yet her Ladyfhip her lelf, not knowing what 
it was (he canied, could not inform any Body el(e. 

But about this time, a Servant of M^Tomk'mSy who had 
often curforily over heard his Mafter and M' W^er difcourfe 
of the Argument We are now upon, placed himfelf behind 
t hangir^, at a time they were together j and there, whilit 
either or them difcourfed the language, and, opinion of the 
Company they kept, overheard enoueh to make him believe 
his Information, and Difcovery, woidd make him welcome 
eo thofe whom he thought concern'd ; and fo went to M' Pym^ 
and acquainted him with all he had heard, or probably ima- 
gined. The time when M' Fym was made acquainted with it, 
is not known^ but the circumdances of the publifbing it were 
iiich, as filPd all Men with Apprehenfions. It was on Ifid- 
nofday the jift oiMay^ their (biemfi Fatt-day, when, being all 
at their Sermon, in S^ Margaret'^ Church in Weflminfier^ ac- 
cording to their cuftom, a Letter or Meflage is brought pri- 
vately to Mr Vym\ who thereupon, with fome of the molt 
adtive Members, rife from their Seats; and, after a little whif^ 
pcring together, remove out of the Church : This could not 
but exceedingly aflfea thofe who (ta/d behind ; immediately 
they fend Guards to all the Prifons, as Lamhtk-Houky Efy- 
Houfe, and fuch places, where their Malignants were in Cu- 
ftody, with dire&ons "To fearch the Pnfoners j and fome 
ptber places which they thought fit fliould be fufpeOed. After 


Of the Rehellion, &c. ay j 

the Sermons were ended, the Houfes met^ and were only 
then told, ^'That Letters were incercepted going to the King 
<^ and the Court at OxfrrJ^ that expreis'd fome notable Coa>* 
^^fpiracy in hand, to deliver up the Parliament, and theQty 
.^ into the hands of the Cavaliers^ and that the time fcnr the 
^execution ofic, drew very near. Hereupon a Committee 
was appointed << To examine all Perfons they thought fit ; 
^^ and to apprehend fome nominated at that time. And the 
fame Night, this Committee apprehended M'' Waller^ and Mr 
Jttmkins ; and, the next day, fuch others as they fufpeded. 

Mr Wa LLER was fo confounded with Fear, and Appre^ 
henfion, that he confefs'd whatever he had faid, heard, thought, 
orfeen; all that he knew of himfelf, dnd all that he fufpeacd 
of others ^ without concealing any Perfon of what Degree, 
or Quality foever, or any difcourfe that he had ever, upcm 
any occaUon, entertained with them : What fuch and fuchLa^ 
dies of great Honour, to whom, upon.the Credit of his great 
Wit, and very good Reputation, he had been admitted, had 
fpoke to him in their Chambers of the proceedings in the 
Houfes ^ and how they had encouraged him to oppoi^ them ; 
what correfpondence, and intercourfe they had, with fome 
Miniflers of State at oxford ; and hoW they derived all Intel* 
ligcnce thither. He informed them, •' That the Earl of Fort* 
^^ landy and the Lord Coffway^ had been particular in all the 
^^ agitations which had been with the Citizens ; and had given 
<< frequent Advice, and Dire^ons^ how thev (hould demean 
'< themfelves ; and that the Earl oS Northumltrland^ had ex* 
" prefs'd very good wiflies to any attempt, that might give t 
<<ftop to the Violent Actions, and Proceedings of the Hou(es^ 
^^ and produce a good Underftanding with the King. 

W H E N the Committee were thut furniQi'd, they took the 
examinations of Mr Tnnkmsj and fuch other as they thought 
neceSary, and having at the fame time, by fome other means^ 
difcover'd ( or conceal'd it till this time ) that Commiffion 
which is before difcourfed of, and gotten the very Oridnal 
into their hands, they kneaded both into one Plot, and Con- 
fptracy^ and, acquainting the Houfes with fo much as they 
thou^c yet feafonable to publiQi, they declared (withoue 
naming any Lords, or other Perfons, to be intereOed in the 
defign, fave thofe only who were imprifon'd ; among whom 
the Lady AtAipuy was one : and without communicating any 
of the examinations, which, they pretended, were not to be 
common till the Confpirators were brought to Trval ) ^ That 
^ the Original of this Qonfpiracy was from the late IjomdM 
^ Petition for Pence, whicn was fpoken of about Chrtfimai 
laft in the Book Precedent ; << And that^ under pretence of 
^ Peace and Maderatiod,..t Party wa« to be ferm'd^ which 

R 4 5^fliould 

%S^ The Hffiory BookVIL 

^ fliould be able to fupprefi all opponeots, and to awe the Par- 
.^^liament : That, to this purpofe, fbme of thofe who were 
^tbe principal Movers, and Fomenters of that Petition, did 
^continue, in the Nature of a Committee, itill to carry on 
^ the defign ; That they hjeld Intelligence in both Armies, 
^ Court, and Parliament: took a general Survey of the Num- 
** bers, and AfiedHons of the fcveral Inhabitants throughout 
*^ the Wards, and Parifhes of the City, and places adjacent; 
^and diltinguifh'd all under the titles of Men aficd^ed, or 
**averfe to the King; or indifferent , and Neutral Perfons, 
*^carried only by the fuccefs, and power of the Prevailers; 
'^ That they were well intruded in the Number, and incli- 
^ nations of theTrain'd-bandsofI^iM&«; the pkces where 
.*' the Magazines were kept ; where the Commanders for the 
"Parliament dwelt; had thought of places for Rendezvous, 
" and Retreat, upon any occafion, and of Colours, and Marks 
^ of diftinftion between the different Parties. 

"That Mr IPkller and M^Tomkms were the Principal 
"Perfons employed, and trufted to give advertifement to, 
5^and correijpond with, the King's Minifters at Oxford ; and 
** receive Advertifements and Commands from thence, for the 
" compleating the work ; that they Two held conftant Iptel* 
" iigence, and Intercourfe with the Lord Falkland then Prinr 
^ cipal Secretary to the King ; and that, from Him, they re- 
'" ceiv'd the fignification of the King's pleafure; and that thofe 
" Diredtions, Counfels, and Encouragements, had been prin- 
" cipalJy fent by thofe Meflengers which had been employ'd 
** by his Majeily to the Parliament, under the pretence of 
."Peace; and, efpecially, by M^ Alexander Hamiden ; who 
"came with the laft Meflage, and was aCoufin-german to 
" Mr Waller. That the Lady Auhignejy who had been lately 
^ztOxfordj had brought thence a Cbmmiffion to them from 
" the King, by force of Arms to deftroy, kill, and Hay the 
" Forces, raifed by the Parliament and their Adherents, as 
^ Tray tors and Rebels ; and that they ha(l lately fent a Mef- 
" fage to Oxford by one Hajjhlj a Servant of the King's to ac- 
^ quaint the Lord Falkland^ that the defign was corpe to a 
^goipd perfeftion; unto which, Anfwer was return'd, that 
" they (hould haften it with all fpeed : 

"That the particulars of the Defign appear'd to be: 
^ I. To feife into their Cuffody the King's Children : 2. To 
^feife feveral Members of both Houfes, the Lord Mayor, 
fi^and Committee of the Militia, under pretence of bringing 
^ them to a legal Tryal. 3. To feife upon the Out-works, 
^ Forts, Towfer of London , Magazines , Gates , and other 
^ places of importance in the City. 4. To let in the King's 
^rorces to furprife the City , and to deftroy all thofe who 



Of the Rehellion^ Sec. isf 

•'Ihould oppofe them by Authority of the Parliament, y. By 
.*« force of Arms to refift all payments impofed by Authority 
^*of Parliament, raifed for the fupporc of the Armies em- 
" ploy'd for their juft defence, (^c. to fufpend if not alter the 
^* whole Government of the City, and, with ACGftaiyre of the 
^* King's Force, to awe, and mafter the Parliament. 

When both Houfes were awaken'd, and ftartled with this 
report, the firft thing agreed on, was, " A day of Thankfgiving 
**to God, for this wonderful delivery; which fhut out any 
^^ftiture doubts, and difquifitions, whether there had been any 
** fuch delivery : and, confequently, whether their Plot was in 
** truth, or had been fo framed. Then it was faid, "That ju|. 
<^Che deGgn was themoftdefperate, fo the carriage was the 
^moftfubtle, and among Ferlons of Reputation, and not fiiCi 
^pedted: and that there was realpn to fufpeA, many Mem*. 
«bers of both Houfes were privy to it; and therefore there 
*^ ought to be all poffible care taken to make the diftovcry 
*^ perfedt, and to unite themfelves for the publick defence : 
*^that if any part were left undifcover'd, it might prove fatal 
**to the Common- wealth. This finding a mil confent, ic 
V^as prppounded, " That a Proteltation might be drawn up, by 
" which every Member of the two Houfes might purge him- 
"felf from any guilt of, or privity in^ that Con(|)iracy; and 
^Mikewife obl^e himfelf to refift, and oppofe any fuch Com- 
*^ bination. Tney who were under the Character of Mo- 
derate Men, andufiially advanced all motions of Peace, and 
Accommodation, durft not oppofe the Expedient, left they 
fliould be concluded guilty; moft of them having had famn 
liarity with Mr Waller ^ and, no doubt, upon fundry occafions^ 
fpoken with that freedom to him, as might very well incur a 
(evere interpretation, if, upon this occafion, what they had 
faidftiould be fcann'd. And fo, before the rifing. there was*^'^*^^ 
framed by the Houfe of Commons^ a Vow and Co^nant to ^*^^^^ 
be taken by the Members of both Houfes, and afterwards byf][j^j„^* ,4^ 
the City, and their Army; for their Jealoufy was now fpread MeM^m 4 
overall their own Quarters; which Covenant, for the rare- ^•rhHmfi* 
neCs of it both in Title and Style, I think neceflary here to "^^^ 
infert in the ver^ terms ; which were thefe : 232™. ' 

j^ Sacred Fb*U}y and Covenant y taken hy the Lords and Com^ 
mons ajjemhkd in Varliament^ upon the difcovcry of th0 
late horrid and treacherous Defign^for the deftruaionaf^ 
this Farliament and the Kingdom : the 6^ ofjixnt 154,3. 

"Whereas there hath been, and now is, in this King- 
"dom, aPopifli, and Traytcrous Plot for theSubverfion of 
<^ Che true Proteftant Reform'd Religion, and the Liberty of 


%f6 TbeHiflory BookVIL 

^ the SubjeA j and, in purfuance thereof, a Popifh Army hath 
^teen raifed, and is now on foot in divers parts of this 
^Kin|dom j and whereas there hath been a treacherous and 
^ hotnd defign, lately difcover^d by die great Bleffing and efpe- 
** dal Provioence or God, of divers Perfons to joy n them - 
^'.felves with the Armies raifed by the King, and to deftroy 
^* the Forces raifed by the Lords and Commons in Pariia* 
^'ment to furprife the Cities of London and Wrfiminjhrvnixh 
•*the Suburbs; by Arms to force the Parliament ; and find - 
"ingby conftante5cpefience, that many ways of force, and 
** treachery, are continually attempted, to bring to utter ruin 
^^and deitrudtion the Parliament, and Kingdom; and that 
^ Which is deareft, the true Proteftant Religion : And that, 
^^ for the preventing and wichftanding the fame, it is fit, that 
*'all^ who are true hearted* and lovers of their Country. 
*' fhould bind themfelves each to other in a faaed Vow ana 
•* Covenant : 

*^ I A* B. in humility, and reverence of the Divine Majefty, 
« declare my hearty for row for my own Sins, and the Sins . 
" of this Nation, which have deferv'd the dalamities,. and 
'* Judgments , that now lie upon it ; arid my true intention is, 
^« by God's grace, to endeavour the amendment of my own 
^* ways ; and I do hirther, in the prefence of Almighty God, 
*^ Declare, Vow, and Covenant, that, in Order to the lecurity 
** and prefcrvation of the true Reformed Proteftant Religion, 
**and Liberty of the Subjedl, I will not confent to the laying 
^'down of Arms, fo long as the Papifts, now in open War 
** againft the ParKament, fliall by force of Arms be protected 
** from the Juftice thereof. And that I do abhor and deteft 
** the faid wicked, and treacherous defign, lately difcover'd : 
^^ And that I never gave, nor will give my Aflcnt to the cxe- 
** cution thereof, but wiU, according to my Power, and Voca- 
*' tion, oppofe and refift the iame. and all other of the like Na- 
** ture. And in cafe any other like defign fliatl hereafter come 
** to my knowledge, I will make fuch timely difcovery, as I 
** ftiall conceive may beft conduce to the preventing thereof. 
*^ And whereas I do in my Confcience believe, that the Forces, 
** raifed by the two Houles of Parliament, are raifed and con- 
" tinued for their juft Defence, and for the Defence of the 
^'true Proteftant Religion, and Liberty of the Subjedt, againft 
•' the Forces raifed by the King ; that 1 will, according to my 
^^ Power, and Vocation, affift the Forces raifed and contiued, 
^^bv both Houfes of Parliament, againft rhe Forces raifed by 
•' the King without their confent : And will likewife affift all 
^ bdier Perfons that 0uU take this Oath, in wh^t they fhall do 
^in.|)iirruance thereof j mid will nor diredljr, or indircftly, 


Of the Rehellion^ &c. %s^ 

^ adhere unto, nor fhall willinjgly aflSft the Forces raifed by 
*< the King, without the Confenc of both Houfes of Parlia- 
^ tnent. And this Vow, and Covenant, I make in the prefence 
^ of Almighty God, the Searcher of all Hearts, with a true in- 
^tention to perform the fame, as I ftiall anfwer at the great 
f^day, when the fecrets of all Hearts (hall be difclofed. 

Though many were much ftartled at this Covenant, and 
took thne to conGder of it, there being in the Preamble, and 
pofitive parr, much which very few believed, and in the pro- 
miflbry part a more direft denouncing War againft the King^ 
than had been in plain terms before avowed by them, and an 
abfolute Proteftation againft Peace, till the King was at their 
Mercy; yet the fear of being concluded guilty of the Plot, 
made them fwallow all the reft ; and the example of one pre- 
vailing with many, there was not a Member of either Houfe 
that took it not ; and being thus fettered, and intangled them- 
felves, they fent their Committee into the City, to acauaint 
them with their ** Happy difcovery, and how miraculouQy 
^*God had preferv'd them, and to engage them in the fame 
« fecred Vow, and Covenant; which was readidy fubmitted to ; Th§ /Sum 
and, by the Induftrv of their Clergy, fooner than can be ima- ^^ ^«^ 
gin'd, taken throughout that People. Then it was, with equal ^^^^ 
diligence, and folemnity, tranfmitted to their Army, that their ttwightia 
Fears of inconvenience from thence might be like wife ^urgtd^ the aty, sad 
and thence it grew the mark of diftindlion, to know their *^"»9« 
Friends and Enemies by; and whofoever reliifed to take that 
Covenant, needed no other Charge to be concluded, and pro- 
fecuted, as the higheft Malignant. 

Being this way fecure from any fiimre Qamours for Peace, 
they proceeded to try M' Tomkins ; M' Chaloner, a Citixen of i** T^y^l 
good Wealth and Credit, and moft intimate with Tomkins ; '*^ ^'ST 
Mr HamhJen^ who brought the laft Meflage from the King; To'i^i^ 
one HaJJel a Meflenger of the King's, who pafe'd often be- and Ur 
tween London and Oxford^ and fometimes carried Letters and chaloncr. 
Meflages to the Lord Fa/klanJ^ and fome Citizens, whofe 
names were in the Commiffion fent from Oxford -y bv a Coun- 
cil of War ; by whom Mr Tomkins^ and M^ Chafoner were 
Condemn'd to be hanged ; and were both, with all circum- 
ftances of feverity, and cruelty. Executed : the One, on a Gil>- 
bet, by his own Houfe in Hohom ; where he had long liv'd 
with lingular eftimation ; and the Other, by his Houfe in Com- 
bif^ near the Old Exchange. Hafel the Meflenger faved them 
farther trouble, and dy'd in PrUbn the night before his Tryal : 
And there being no <ividence againft Mr HamhJen^ but 
what Mr WMir himielf gave, they gave no judgment a^nft 
him, but kept him long after in mon^ till he dyM ; neither 


!t;8 TheUtflory Book VII. 

proceeded they Capitally againft thofe Citizens whofe names 
were in the Commiflion, it not appearing that their namei 
were ufed with cheir confent, and privity^ though the brand 
of beinfi; Maiignancs fervid the turn for their undoing ; for all 
their Eltates were feifed^ as theirs were who had been Exe- 

There is nothing clearer than that the Commiflion fent 
from Oxford by the Lady Jtuhigmy^ had not any relation to 
Che dilcourfes pafs'd between Mr jValkry Tomkinsy and thofe 
Citizens, or that they who knew of one, had not any privity 
with the other : which if they had Had, and intended uich an 
Inftirredtion, as was alledg'd, M^ Walter^ and Mr Tomkins^ or 
fome one of thofe Lords who were fuppofed to combine with 
them, woiild have been in the Commifuon. Or if the King's 
Minifters had been engaged in the confultation, and hoped to 
have raifed a Party which ihould (uddenlv feife upon the Qty, 
and the Parliament, they would never nave thought a Com- 
midion granted to fome Gentlemen at Oxford (for the Major 
part of ^e Commiilioners were there) and a few private Citi- 
zens, would have ferv'd for that work. I am ve^ confident, 
and I have very much reafon for that confidence, that there was 
no more known, or thou^t of at Oxford^ concerning the mat* 
ter of the Commiflion, than I have before fet forth, nor of 
the other, than that Mr Tamkins fometimes writ to the Lord 
Falkland (for M^* Waller^ out of the cautioufnefs of his owa 
'■ Nature, never writ word) and by Meflengers fignificd to 

him, ^^ That the Number of thofe who dcfired Peace, and ab- 
** horr'd the proceedings of the Houfes , was very confi- 
*^ derable ^ and that they refolv*d, by refuting, to contribute to 
<^ the War, and to fubmit to their Ordinances, to declare and 
^^ manifeft themfelves in that manner, that the Violent Party 
** in the City fhould not have credit enough to hinder any Ac- 
^^ commodation. And the Lord Falkland always return'd An- 
fwer, ^^ That they (hould expedite thofe Expedients, aflbon as 
*' "flight be, for that delays made the War more difficult to be 
^^ reftrain'd. And if I could find Evidence, or Reafon, to in- 
duce me to believe, that there was any farther defign in the 
thing it felf, or that the King gave farther countenance to it, I 
ihould not at all conceal it. No Man can imagine, that if the 
King could have entertain'd any probable hope of reducing 
Tjondony which was the Foraenter, Supporter, and indeed the 
Life of the War, or could have found any expedient, from 
whence he could reafonably propofc to diffolve, fcatter, and 
difperfe thofe who, under tne name of a Parliament, had kin- 
died a War againlt him, but he would have given his utmofl 
aflSftance, and countenance thereunto, cither by publick Force, 
or private Contrivance. 

* There 

Of the Reheliion, 8cc. 1^9 

There were very great endeavours ufed, to have proceed- 
ed with equal feverity againfl the Earl of Part/ami^ and the- 
Lord Conway (for the accuiation of the Earl of Northutnhr* 
Undy it was proceeded tenderly in; for chough the Violent 
Party was heartily incenfed againft him, as a Man weary of 
them, yet his Reputation was ftill vcrv great) who were both 
clofe rrifoners; and, to that purpofe, their Lordfliips and 
Mr Waller were confronted before the Committee, where 
They as peremptorily denying, as He charging them, and 
there being no other Witnefs but He againft them, the pro- * 
fecution was rather let alone than declined, till after a long 
reftraint they procured enlargement upon bayl. M' Waller 
himfelf (though confe0edly the moft guilty ^ and by his un- 
happy demeanour, in this time of his Affliaion, he had raifed 
as many Enemies as he had formerly Friends, and almoft the 
fame) after he had, with incredible diflimulation, adted fudi 
a remorfe of Confcience, that his Tryal was put off out of 
Chriftian compaflion, till he might recover his underftanding 
(and that was not, till the heat, and fury of the Profccutors, 
was reafonablv abated with the Sacrifices they had made) and, 
by drawing Vificants to himfelf, of the molt powerful Mini- 
Iters of all Factions, had, by his liberality, and penitence, 
his receiving vulgar and vile layings from them with humility, 
and reverence, as clearer Convidtions and Informations than 
in his Life he had ever had ; and diftributing great Sums to 
them for their Prayers, and Ghoftly Counfel; lo fatisfied 
Them, that They (atisfied others^ was brought, at his fuir, 
to theHoufe of Commons Bar ^ where (being a Man in trudii 
verv powerful in Language; and who, by What he fpoke, and 
in tne manner of fpeaung it, exceedingly captivated the good 
Will and Benevolence of his Hearers; wnich is the high- 
eft part of an Oratour) with fuch flattery, as was moft ex- 
adUy calculated to that Meridian, with fuch a Submiflion, as 
Their Pride took delight in, and fuch dejeAion of mind, and 
feirit, as was like to coufen the Major part, and be thought 
ferious; he laid before them ^^ Their own danger, and concern^ 
^^ment; iftheyfliouldfufier one of their own jrody, howun- 
** worthy and monftrous foever, to be tryed by the Sol- 
**diers, who might thereby grow to that power hereafteTj, that 
** they would both try ihofe, They would not be willing 
<< fliould be tryed, and for things which they would account 
^ no Crimes; the inconvenience,- and infupportable mifchief 
^ whereof, all wife Common-wealths had tbrefeen, and pre*' 
^ vented, by exempting their own Members fix>m all judg<« 
** ments but their own : He prevailed, Not to be tryed by a 
Council of War ; and thereby preferv'd his dear bought Lifei 
fo that, in trudb, he does as raudi owe the keeping bis head 


x6o TheHiftory BookVII. 

to that Oration, as catiUue did the Lofs of His to thofe of 
TuUy : and by having done 111 very well, he, by dcgrces,drew 
that refped; to his parts, which always carries fome com- 
paffion to the Perfon, that he got leave to compound for his 
tranfgreffion, and them to accept of ten thoufand pounds 
/"which their AflEurs wanted) for his liberty : whereupon he 
ibad leave to recoiled himfelf in another Country (for his 
Liberty was to be in Baniihrnentj how miferable he. had 
made qiinfelf, in obtaining that leave to live out of his own. 
And there cannot be a greater Evidence of the tneftimable 
Value of his Parts, than that he liv'd, after thi$, in the good 
ASedion, and Edeem of many, the pity of moft, and the re^ 
, proach, and fcorn of few, or none. 

These high proceedings, at Londony and in the Houies, 
were not feconded with any notable fuccefs abroad^ but it ap-» 
pear'd plainly, by the flow coming in of Monies, and more 
uow coming in of Men, that the hearts of the People were 
generally more devoted to Peace, than to the continuance of 
^ofe diitradions^ and the Earl of Ejfexy by the great decay, 
and Cicktiefs of his Army, was not, in near iix weeks, able to 
remove bomReading ; oy which many Men concluded,which 
could not be reafonably foreften, that if Reading had held out 
many days longer, he would have been compeii'd to raifehis 
$iege j aod that was the reafon the Earl gave for granting fo 
go^ conditions^ for if he could have itayed longer before 
it, he well knew, they muft have yielded on worfe terms; 
neither feared he the King would be able to relieve it. In 
the end, there being no other way to quiet the City of i>»- 
doHy he march'd towards Oxford ^ but, in truth, rather to fe- 
cure Buckingbam-Jhirey which was now infeded by the Kin^s 
Horfe, than to difquiet that place. And to that purpofe, he 

Tm Earl of &xed his head Quarter at Thame^ ten Miles ftom Oxford^ and 

Eflez uponthe very edge of the other County. 

tSS^ *• I N the beginnii^ of the War, the Army in Scotland having 

TJiame. j^^^^ ]sx&Vf disbanded, many Officers of that Nation, who 
bad fervid m Germany and in France^ betook themfelves to the 
Service of the Parliament^ whereof divers were Men of good 
ConduQ;, and Courage^ though there were more as bad as 
the Caufe in which they engaged. Of the former fort Co-^ 
lonql Hurry was a Man of Name, and Reputation, and an ex* 
oelXent Officer of Horfe, and had Commandol ^ofe Horfe 
at Edge-^iil under Balfour^,, which had preferv'd their Army 
there ^ and finding himfelf afterwards not fo well regarded, 
as, be thought, he had defierv'c^ as it was no eaiy thing to 
value that People at the rate they did fet upon themfelves ; 
and being without any ocber Afiedtion for their Service, than 
tbpi Pay indiiiQdbinitet, he reiblv'd to ({ixit, them, and to go 


Cf the Rehellion^ &c. K^i 

to the King ; in order to which, he had kept fome ccHrefpoor 
dence with the Earl of Brainford the King's General ; under 
whofe Command be had formerly ferv'd in Gimtany. Whilft 
the £arl of E/fex remained at Thames and his Army Quaner'ct 
thereabout, Hurry came to Oxford^ in the Equipage chat be- 
came a Colonel of Horfe, who had recciv'd good Pay; and 
the very next day after he came, having been verv gracioufly 
received by the King, to give oroof that he brougnthis whole 
heart with him, be went co rrince Rufert^ acquainted him 
where the Parliament Horfc lay, and how loofe they were in 
their Quarters: and to give a teitiroony of his fidelity to the 
King, he defir d to march a Voluntier with a good Party, to 
make an attempt upon the Enemy; and the Prince afligning 
a flrong Parcy for the Service, he accompanied, and conduc- 
ed them out of (he Common Road, till they came, to a Town * 
where a Regiment of the Parliament's Horfe was Quarter'd.j 
which they beat up ; and kill'd, or took mod of theOfficeis 
and Soldiers; and then fell upon tbofe other Quarters, by 
which they had paOed before, with the like fucceis; fo re* 
turn'd to Oxford mth many Prifoners, and with notable da* 
mage to thQ Enemy. 

As foon as he retum'd, he made another PropoGtion ta 
the Prince for the Attacking the Quarters near Thame i 
through which he had pafs'd, when he came to OxforJy and 
fo was well acquainted with the polhire in which tney were, 
and aflured the Prince^ ^ That, if he went about it time enough^ 
^< before there Oiould be any alteration in their Quarters, 
^ which he believ'd the General would quickly ma^e, the 
" Enterprife would be worthy of it. T. he Prince was fo well ^"^ ^^ 
fitisfied with what he had already done, that he refolv'd to ^J^f 
condua the next adventure himfelf, which he did very for- l^J^Ji 
tunately. They went out of the Ports of Oxford in xhctenmitk 
Evening upon a Saturday and march'd beyond all the Quar-X*^/* 
cers as &r afl Wnkham^ and fell in there at the farther end of ^'^* 
the Towa towards L^ndoMy from whence no Enemy was ex- 
pected, and (b no Guards were kept There. A Regiment of 
tiorfe, ajod of Foot, were Lodged there; which were cue 
ofl^ or taken Prifoners ; and all the Hcufes and a good Booty 
brou^t away. From thence they march'd backward to ano» 
tiier Quarter, within lefs tlbn two Miles of the General's own 
Quarters ; where his Men Lodged with the fame fecurity, 
l;hey had done at Wukh^m^ not expe^ng any Enemy thac 
way ; and lb met with the fame fate the others had done j 
and were all kill'd, or made Prifoners. Thus having per- 
form'd, at lead as much as thev had propofed to do, and 
being laden with Prifoners, anci Booty, and the Sun being 
oow ri&i^ the. Prince thought ic time to retire to Oxfird^ 



%6i The Hiflor/ Book Vlt. 

and give Orders to march accordingly with all convenient 
fpeed, till they fhould come to a Bridge, which was yet two 
Miles from them, where he had appointed a Guard to attend, 
CO favour their Retreat. 

But the Alarm had been brought to the Earl of Effex^ 
from all the Quarters, who quickly gathered thofe Troops 
together, which were neareft; and diredled thofe to follow 
the Prince, and to entertain him in SkirmiQies, till Hirofelf 
(hould come up with the Foot, and fome other Troops^ 
which he made all poffible hafte to do. So that when the 
Prince had almoft pafs'd a fair Plain, or Field, call'd Chal' 
grave Field, from whence he was to enter a Lane, which 
continued to the Bridge; the Enemies Horfe were difcover^d 
inarching after them with fpeed; and as they might eafily 
overtake them in the Lane, fo they muit as eafily have pu€ 
them into great diforder. Therefore the Prince refolv'd to 
expeS:, and ftand them upon the open Field, though his 
Horfe were all tired, and the Sun was grown very hoe, it 
being about eight of the Clock in the Morning in June. He 
thendirefted, " That the Guard of the Prifoners (hould make 
" what hafte they could to the Bridge, but that all the rel't 
^ (hould return j for fome were enterd the Lane : and fo he 
placed himfelf and his Troops, as he thought fit, in that 
Field to receive the Enemy ; which made more hafte, and with 
leis order than they (hould have done ; and being more in 
Number than the Prince, and conlifting of many ot the Prin- 
cipal Officers, who having been prefent with the Earl of Effexy 
when the Alarm came, ftayed not for their own Troops, but 
joyn'd with thofe who were ready in the purfuit, as They 
thought, of a Flying Enemy, or fuch as would ealily be ar- 
refted in their hafty retreat; and having now overtaken them, 
meant to take revenge themfelves for the damage they had re- 
ceived that Night, and Morning, before the General could 
come up to have a (hare in the Vidlbry, though his Troops 
were even in View. But the Prince enterain'd them fo rough- 
ly, that though they Charged very bravely and obftinately, 
TOtng many of their belt Officers, of .which the chiefeft falling, 
die reft (hew'd lefs Vigour, in a (hort time they broke, and 
fled, ind were purfued till they came near the Earl of Ej/ex's 
Body; which being at near a miles diftance, and making a 
ftand to receive their Flying Troops, and to be infbrm'd of 
their difafter, the Prince with his Troops haften'd his retreat, 
and pafs'd the Lane, and came fafe to the Bridge before any 
of the EarPs Forces came up ; who found it then to no pur- 
vbk to go farther, there being a good Guard of Foot, which 
Had, likewife lined both (ides of the fledges a good way in 
the Lane. Thus the Prince, about Noon, or Ihortly after, 


Of the keheihon^ &c. r6% 

entered Oxfird^ with near two hundred t^rifoners, fcven Con 
nets of Horfe, and foar Enfigns of Foot, with molt of the 
Men he carried from thence; few only having been kill'd in 
the Adtion, whereof feme were of Name. 

Th& Prince presented Colonel Hitny to the King with a 
great Teftimony of the Courage he had (hew'd in the Adtibn, 
is well as of his Counfel, and Condudt in the whole; which 
was indeed very dexterous, and could have been performed 
by no MsLXij who had not been very converfant in the Quar- 
ters of thoie he deftroyed. Upon which, the King honoui^dt 
him with Knighthood, and a Commiffion to raife a Regiment - 
of Horie; and every body magnified, and extolled him, as 
they ufually do a Man who hath good luck, and the more, 
becaufe he wias a Scotelhtn^nj and profefs'd a Repentance for 
haviiig been in Rebellion againlt the King, he deferves this 
Tcftimony and Vindication to be given him, againil the ca- 
lumnies which were raifed againft him, '^ As if he had broken 
*' his Truft, and deferted the Service of the Parliament, and 
*^ betrayed them to the King, which is not true. He had own'd, 
and publifh'd his difcontents long before, and demanded re* 
dre(s, and juftice, in fome particulars from the Parliament, in 
which the £arl of Effix thought he had reafon ; and wifh'd he 
might receive bxisuGdoti, fiut the Man was in his nature 
proud, and imperious; had raifed many £nemies; was a M$n 
of Licenfe, and cofmmitted many diforders of that kind. He 
was however a good Officer. in the Field; regular and vigi- 
lant in marching, and in his Quarters; which the Parliament 
thought other Men would attain to, who had fewer Vices ^ 
and therefore granted nothing that he had deiired; upoft 
which he declared, '^ He would ferve them no longer; and de- 
livered up his Commiffion to the Earl of EJpx ; and being then 
prefs*d to promife, that he would not ferve the King ; he po- 
litively reiufed to give any fuch Engagement; and after he 
had mjcd in Lonaon about a Month, and had receiv'd en- 
couragement from fome Friends in Oxford, he came thither in 
the manner iet down before. 

The Prince's fuccefs in this lalt march was very feafoo- 
able, and raifed the Spirits at Oxford very much, and for 
fome time allayed the Jealoufies, and Animofities, which too 
often broke out in (everal Fadlions to the difquiet of the King. 
It was vifibly great in the number of. the Prifoners; whereof 
many were of condition, and the names of many Officers 
were known, who were left dead upon the Field, as Colonel 
Gimter ywho was look'd upon as the beft Officer of Horfe they 
had, iand a man of known malice to the Government of the 
Church y which had drawn fome fevere cenfure upon him be- 
fore the Troubles, and for which he had (lill meditated Re- 

Vol. II. Part I. ^ S venge. 

x^^ TheHiftory BookVIL 

.venge. One of the Prifoners tak^n in the Action, faid, ^ Thst 
^^he was confident Mn HamUem was hurt, for beiawhim 
.^^ride off the Field before the Adtion was doiie, which he nc- 
'^ ver ufed to do, with his head h^uig^ng down, and reftiog 
<<his hands upop: (he. neck of his Horfe^ by which he con- 
^ eluded he was hurt. The news the next day made the Vi- 
iStory much more important, than it was thought to have been. 
,^here was full information brought of the great lofs the Ene- 
my had rufl:ain,'d in their Quarters, by which three or four 
Regiments were utterly broken and loQ, the names of many 
Officers, of the beft account, were known, who were either 
kill'd upon the place, or fo hurt as there remained little hope 
of their recovery. 

A M o N o the Prifoners, there were taken Colonel Sheffield^ 
a younger Son of the Earl of Mulgr^vey and one Colonel Beck^ 
fy a Scotcb-mssi ; who , being both vifibly wounded , aded 
their hurts fo well, and pretended to be fo ready to expire, 
that upon their Paroles neither to endeavour nor endure a 
, ' rcfcue, they were fuffer'd to reft at a private Houfe in the 

^ way, within a mile of the Field, till their Wounds Diould be 

4r^f?d, and they recover fo much ftrength as to be able to. 
render themfelves Prifoners at Oxford. But the King's Forces 
.were no fopner gone, than they found n^ns to fend to their 
jComrades, and were the next day (Irong enough , to fuflfer 
themfelves to be removed to Thamcy by a ftrong Party fent 
£rom the Earl of Effex ^ and, Ix^tween denying that they had 
promifed, and faying, that they would perform it, they ne- 
ver fubmitted themfelves to be Prifoners, as much againll the 
^JLaw of Arms, as their taking Arms was againft their Alle- 
giance. But that which would have been look'd upon as a con- 
Sderabie recompence for a Defeat, could not but be thought 
a great addition to the Vidory , which was the death of 
Mr Hamb- M' Hamhden y who, being Qiot into the flioulder with a brace of 
^T- "cm ^^'^^j which brake the Bone, within three Weeks after, died 
gra've fM^^^^ extraordinary pain j to as great a confternation of all that 
cf which be' "fty, as if their whole Army had been defeated, or cut off 
died. Many Men obferv'd (as upon fignal turns of great Aftairs, 

as this was, fuch obfervations are frequently made } that the 
^ Field in which the late Skirmiih was, and upon which Mr 
Hampden received his deaths wound, Chalgrave Field, was the 
iame place in which he had firft executed the Ordinance of 
the Militia, and engaged that County, in which his Reputa- 
tion was very great, in this Rebellion : and it was contefs'd 
l^ the Prifoners that were taken that day, and acknowledged 
by all, that upon the Alarm that Mornmg, after their Quar- 
ters were be^ten^up, he was exceeding foUicitous to draw 
Forces together, to purfue the Enemy ^ and, being a Colonel 


Of the RehellioH, &c. %6f 

cfFooity put Umfelf among thofe Horfe as a Voluntier, who 
were firit ready ^ and tbac when the Prince made a fttfid, all 
the Officers were of opinion to day till their Body came up^ 
gM He alone (being lecond to None but the General him- 
felf in the obfervance, and application of all Men) perfwaded^ 
and prevailed with them to advance ; fo violently did his &te 
carry him, to pay the MulA in the place where he had comh 
mitted the TnMiigreffion, about a year before. 

H s was a Gentleman of a good Family in Buchngbamjlmi^^ 
and bora to a&ir Formne, and of a moft civil and afikble de- 
portment. In his entrance into the world^e indulged to hii»* 
icdf all the Licenfe in Sports and Exercifes, and Company 
which were ufed by Men of the moft Jolly Converfation. A»- 
t;prwardSy he retired to a more refervVL and Melancholv Soh 
c^ty, yet preferring bis own natural Chearfblnefs, and Vhra^ 
city, and above all, a flowing courtef^ to all Men ; rtKm^ 
they whe converfed nearly with him, found him erowing itlp 
to a diOike of the Ecdefiaftical Government of the Churchy 
yet moft believ'd it rather a dillike of fome Church-men, sua 
of fome intrOducements of Theirs, whidi he apprehended 
might difquiet the publick Peace. He was rather of Reput«< 
tioninhiaown Country, than of puUkk difcourfe, or fimic 
in the Kingdom, before the bufinefs of ^p-money : but Thcft 
he grew the Argument of allTonRues, every Man enquiring 
who, and what He waiL that durft, at his own charge, fup^ 
port the Liberty, and iroperty of the Kingdom, and relcue 
his Country, as he riioug^t^ from being made a Prey to tkt 
Court. His carriage, throughout this Agitation^ was wMl 
that tare, temper and modefty, thaf thejF who watch'd him 
narrowly to jEuid fome advantage againft his Peribo, , to maM 
him leik refolute in his Caufe, were compelled to give him t 
juft Teftimony. And the Judment that was given i^oft 
faim,infinirdy more advanced ram, than the Service for wUdk 
it was given. When this Parliament begun (being return^ 
Kni^t of the Shire for the County where he iiv'd) the £y«k 
of all Men were fix'd upon him, as their Patrm FutiTy ani 
the Pilot that muft fteer uie VeOe^ through the Tem{Msfts, and 
kocks which threaten'd it. And I am perfwaded, his Powar 
and Intere^ at that tinie, was greater to do Good or Hufl^< 
than any Muf s intihc Kiii^om, or than any Man of his Raak 
hath had in aiqr time : for his Reputation of Honefty was Uflfti^ 
verlal, and his A£baioi» feem'd fo publickly guided, that M 
corrupt^ or private ends cocdd byafi them. 

H % was of that rare affiibility, and temper in Debate, toA 
of that ieeming faomility and /ubmiflion of judgment, aa if. 
he brought no opidicMi of his own with him, but a defire of 
InfotmiKtoiv and lofintffioil ; yet be had fo fiibcle a way |f 

S a . Inter* 

±66 TheEtllory Book VII. 

Interrelating, and under the Notion of Doubts, inimuating 
his Objedions, that he infufed his own opinions into thofe 
from whom he pretended to learn, and receive them. And 
even with them who were able to preferve themfelves from 
hi$ infufions, and difcern'd thofe opinions to be fixed in him^ 
with which they could not comply, he always left the Cbara* 
^er of an Ingenious, and Confciedtious Perfon. He was in* 
deed a very Wife Man, and of great parts, and poflefs'd with ^ 
the moft abfolute fpirit of Popularity, and the moft abfokitc ' 
fiiculcies to govern the People, of any Man I ever knew. For 
die firft year of the Parliament, he ieem'd rather to mode^ 
^ rate, and foften the violent and diftemper'd humours, than 

CO inflame them. But wife and difpaflion'd Men plainly dif- 
cern'd,that That moderation proceeded from prudence,and ob» 
iervation that the feafon was not ripe, rather than that he ap* 
prov'd of the moderation; and that he Begot many opinions, 
and motions^ the Education whereof he committed to other 
Men; fo ^r difguifing his own defigns, that he feem'd iel* 
dom to wifti more than was concluded ; and in many grois 
conclulions, which would hereafter contribute to defigns not 
yet fet on foot, when he found them fufficiently backed by 
majority of Voices, he would withdraw himfelf before the 
QucAion, that he might feem not. to confent to fo much vifi- 
ble unreafonablenefs;which produced as great a doubt in fome, 
as it did approbation in others, of his Integrity. What com- 
bination (oever had been originally with the Scots for the In* 
vafion of England^ and what farther was enter'd into after- 
wards in favour of them, and to advance any alteration of the 
Government in Parliament, no Man doubts was at lealt with 
the privity of this Gentleman. 

A F 1* E R he was among thofe Members accufed by the King 
of High Treafon, he was much alter'd; his nature and carri- 
itge^feeming much fiercer than it did before. And without 
.oueflion. when he firft drew his Sword, he threw away the 
ocabbard; for he paffionately oppofed the Overture made by 
the King for a Treaty from Nottingbam^ and as eminently, • 
all expedients that might have produced any accommodations 
in this that was at Oxford'^ and was principally relied on, 
to prevent any inflilions which might be made into the Earl 
lO&Effex towards Peace, or to render them ineffedual, if they 
were made ; and was indeed much more relied on by that 
. Party, than the General himfelf. In die firft entrance into the 
Troubles, he undertook theCommand of a Regiment of Foot, 
iand performed the duty of a Colonel, upon all occafions, moft 
punctually. He was very temperate in diet, and a Supreme 
Governour over all his Pa(Iions,and Afifedions, and had there- 
by a great power over other Mens. .He:was oC an Induftry 


' Oftht Rehelliou^ &c. %6^ 

mod' Vigilance not to be tired out, or wearied by the moft 
tabonomi uidof Parcsooctobeimpofedupon, by themoft 
Sobtle, orSbsup; and ofaPerfbnal' Courage equal to his beft 
Parts; fo that be was an £nemy not to be wim'd wherever 
he might have been made a Friend; and as much to be ap* 
prditaded whtt« he was fo, u any Man could deferve to be^ 
And therdfore his death was no lels pieaCing to the One Par^* 
than it was condoled in the Odier. In a word, what was iaid 
of cnnM) might well be applied to Him; << He had a Head to 
^ contrive, apd a Tongue to perfwade^ and a Hand to exe^ 
^ cute, any mifchief. His death therefore feem'd to be a great 
deliverance to the Nation. 

The Eari of Ejfisf^ Army was fo weaken'd by tbefe de* 
feats, and more by the ficlcneu that had wafted it, that it was 
not thought fiife to remain longer fo near his unquiet, ani 
reftlefi Enemies. The Fafiions, and Animofities at Limdmip 
required his prelence there; and he thought the Anny 
would be fooner recruited there, than at fo great a diftance ; T^tM 
fo that he roarch'd diredUy from Tbam^ to LMdom^ where be ^^jj^ 

found Jealoufy and Contention enough: leaving his Armyy-,^,p.|.|i,g„ 
Quarter'd about St Aiimht. WhiUt die Affiurs of the ParUtt^ m uiickmi 
sient were in this Diffamftion, the King's recovered great Rc^ m^trttrmf 
nutation ; and the Seafon di the year being fit for Adion, ill !^^^^* 
IMftontents, and Faiffious Murmurings, were adjoum'd to the ^q,^ ' ^ 
next Winter. - ^ ... . 

T H E end of the Treaty, in which We left the Chief Cobh ^jSl^^ 
manders of the c^nnfii Forces,with Commiffipners oi the other Hi^ii^- : ^ 
Weftem Counties, was l&e that in other places; fbrnotwidie- 
asndtng thofe eztracH'dinary obligations of O^bs^ ^d t^ 
ceiving the Sacrament, drcumftances in no other Treaty, the 
Parliament no fooner fait their Vote^ and Declarations to 
them (the fiune which are before mentioned upon the Tretp 
ties in Xmtkjbirty and chMirf) and fcmie Members of their 
own to overlook and perplex them, but all Peaceable Inclina- 
tions werelaid afide ; fo that ( having in die mean time indiK ,. 
ftriouQy levied Money, throughout Samerfit vad Div$My upon* 
Friends and Enemiea; and a good Body of Men) the Ni^be^ 
fore the expiration of^the Treaty and Ceflation, James chuJk^ 
Uigb the Nujor General of the Rebels, brought a Itrong Paitf 
of Horfe and Foot within two Miles di LMmafivu^ the head 
Quarter of the Omi^, and the very next Morning, the CeC- 
£ition not being determin'd till after twelve of die Qock in 
the Night, marched upon the Town, where they were not 
fufliciently provided vx diem. For though the Gominanders* 
of the cwn^ had employf4 their time, as ufaiiUy as they 
could, during the Cemtiptf^ in preparing the Gentry of thtt' 
ry and all the InhtjjtiittBr^ toiiibinittoaWeddy,TiX 

5 3 for 

%6B The Hiftorr Book VIL 

for the fiipport of that Power^ which defended them^ over 
wad above which, the Gentlemen, and Perfons of Qutlitv, 
freely brought in all their Plate to be difpofed of tothe PublicK; 
smd though tb^ fore&w, after the Committee of Parliament 
came into the Country, that the Treaty would concliide with- 
out fruit, and therefore S' Rttlfb HoptoMy and Sr BevU Grtm-* 
nM repair'd to Laumtfton the dav before the expiration of 
the Treaty, to meet any attempt mould be made upon them : 
Yet, being to Peipd, and Pay their fmall Forces out of one 
County, they had been compellM to Quarter their Men at t 
great dillance, that no one part might be more opprefs'd than 
was nece(&ry.: fo that all that was done the firlt day, was by 
the advantage of Pafles, and lining of Hedges, to keep the. 
Enemy in AAion^ till the other Forces came up ^ which they 
feafonably did, towards the Evening 9 and then the Enemy^ 
. who received great lofs in that days-Adlion, grew fo heaitr 
lefi, that in the Night they retir'd to Okmgtmiy fifteen Mik% 
from the place of their. SKirmiOL After which many fiaoaU 
SkirmiQies enfued, for many days, with various fucceis ^ fome^ 
times the C^mi/b advancing in Dtffi/§ny and then retiring a* 
gun^ for it appear'd now, that a ftirm'd Army was marching 
agaiiift them, lb hx Superior in Number, that there was no 
reafonable hope of reiiftance. 
thf'pdrf Towards the middle of iftf/, the Earl of Stamford 
s««fc>rd march'd irito Comwa/y by the North Part, with a Body of four- 
2J]JjJ[J^ teen hundred Horfe and Dragoons, and five thoubind four 
mtkm ■ hundred Foot by the Poll, with a Train of thirteen Brafs Ord- 
\Aimj. Stance, and a Morter Piece, and a very plentiful Magazine of 
Vi£hial, and Ammunition, and every way in as good an £qui<» 
page, as could be provided by Men who wanted no Moiiey ; 
' whilit the King's (inall Forces, being not half the Number, 
«nd unfupplied with every uienil thing, were at Launcefton ; 
of whom the Enemy had 10 abfolute a contempt, though they 
knew they were marchitig to them, within (ix or feven Miles, 
that the/ confider'd only how to take them after they were 
*di(peried, and to prevent their running into Fendennis Caftle 
to give diem farther trouble. To which purpofe having en- 
camped themfelves upon the flat top of a very high Hill, to 
wfaio) the Afcents were very fteep every way, near Strattony 
beii% the only part oiCornwai eminently di&fieded to the 
King's Service, they fent a Party of twelve hundred Horfe and 
Dragoons, under the Command of S' Giorge ctrndlttihy Father 
CO their Major Genend, to Bodtmn to furprife the High She-^ 
rifl^ and principal Gentlemen of the Country ; and thereby, 
.JM only to prevent the coming up of any mbre ftrength to 
ithe Kii%*a £Wty,xbut, under the Awe of fiich a power of 
Hori^ to make dirivbole Contiy nlc for cbem* This de- 


» * 

Ofthel^theUion.^c. i6^ 

figity which was not mit felFtinreafonable, proved fbrtuntce 
to the King. For his Forces which marcb'd trom Lawrceftmu 
with a refoludoft to Figfic with the Enemy, upon any dsfinf 
vantage of Place or Number ( which^ how ha2^ous fbtftt^ 
carried left danger with it^ than retiring into the County, or 
any thing elfe tluit was in their power) eafiiy now refolv'd to 
Afiault the Camp in the abfence of their Horfe^ and wifll 
this refolution, tney mirch'd on MonJ^ the fifteenth cfMsf^ 
within a Mile of tne' Enemy ; being fo deftitute of all IVovi-' 
fionsy* diat the beft Ofiicers had but a Bisket a Man a dav, for 
two cfiiys, the Enemy looking upon theflfi as their own. 

Ovf Tuefilaf the fixteentfa of JM^sy, abont five of the Clodt 
in tfaef'Moming, theydirpoTedthemielves to their work^ fanv-' 
ing flood in their Arms all Che Night. The Number of FoiMf 
was tibout two dioufand' fiMir hundred, which they divid^ 
into four parts, and agreed on their iemal Provinces. Thb,' 
firft was Commanded by the Lord JHoimm^ and 9 Uaifb Hwf^ 
ton ; who undertook to Ai&ult the Qutnp on the South fickL 
Next them, on the left' Yaxi6^ S^ Jolm BerkUfy and Sr Btvif 
Grtenfuil were to force their fm ; ^ NtcMof Shrnmn^^ waS 
Colonel Vrevaimion wbt to Affiult the North fide; and, ^ 
the left hsnd. Colonel VmMH Itf^, who was Msjor Go 
of their Foot, and Cdond ff^Hiem Qad$l^M^ were to adv 
with didr Party; each Psuty havide two Pieces of Cannd(i- 
to difoofe as they found itieceffiry : O)lonel Jobm Digty Coctff; 
mandlmg the Horfe and Dragoons, being about five hundm^' . 
flood upon a Sandy ComiMil which had a way to the Camfl^^ 
to take any advantagehe could of the Enemy, tf they Chargl^f' 
otherwife, to be firm as aRefcrve. '. j; 

Ik this manner the Fight begun; the King's Forces preiiM 
ing, with their tttmoft vfgour, thoTe four ways up die Hill^ 
and the Enemies as pb()inately defending their grdcuid. TKIP 
Fight continued with very doubtfiil fuccefs^ dll towards thfee . 
ofthe Clock in the -Afternoon ; when word was broug^ ^tft^ 
the Chief Officers of the C^fis^, that their Amrnuntdon 
fpent to left than fout Barrds of Pbwder; which (concei 
die ddeA from the Soldiers) they refolv'd could be only Ib{ 
plied ifith, Courage! an<l therefore, by Mefiengers to-oi 
another, they agr^ to advance with thdr fiill Bodies; witlMj 
out making any tnore flibt,^ till they reach'd the toprfwj 
Hill, and lo' nfl^t He iipoii even grbond widi the EtieiM^ 
idierein die OfiE^et's Gburasi^ and Refohidon, was fo ww 
fccondcd -' - --— - ^-^^^.^.^ .. . . :- •-« 


their (hot , — ^ ^ , 

ral CbifdkigL irho ofdtl^^ Battle^ fiu)ed^itt ilb part^of*) 

So!ate^]^lnff iriieri lite iir lis ^ kAi^tiMn 

...o-nsfl.; . - . S 4 ' bcrt, 

'II ,!,■*■ ** 

470 The Htftory Book VII. . 

1)er5, and the Enemy in all places gaining the Hill upon hin^ 
himfelf advanced , with a good (land of Pikes , upon thac 
Party which was led by Sr Jobn Berkley y and S' Bevil Greenvd/^ 
and Cbarg'd them fo fmartly, that he put them into diforder ^ 
Sr Bevii Greexvi/y in the (hock, being born to the Ground, 
but quickiy reliev'd by his Companion ^ they fo reinforced 
the Charge, that having kili'd moft of the Aflailants, and dif- 

Eerfed the reft, they took the Major General Prifouer, after 
e had behaved him(eljf with as much Courage , as a Man 
could do. Then the Enemy gave ground apace, infomuch as 
the four Parties, growing nearer and nearer as they afcended 
the Hill, between tbreQ and four of the Qock, thev all met 
together upon one ground near the top of the Hili^ where 
they embraced with unfpeakable joy, each congratulating the 
others fuccefs, and all acknowkdging the wonderful blSSng 
of God J and being there pofle&'d of fome of the Enemies 
Cannon, they turird them upon the Camp, and advanced to- 
gether to pertedi: the Vidtory. But the E^emy no fooner un- 
derftood the lofs of their Major General, but their hearts 
fiuled them ; and being (b refolutely prefs'd, and their ground 
loft, upon ;hc,i^urity and advantage whereof, they wholely 
depended, fome of them threw down their Arms, and others 
net^rim flfid^ di(perfing themfelves, and every Man fhifcing for him- 
^atennedr (yf. Their. GcncraJ, the Earl of Stamfordy giving the exam* 
May x5.' Ef^ ^^^ ( living ftood at a fafe diftance all the time of the 
Battle, environed with all the Horfe, which in fmall Parties, 
though it is true their whole Number was not above fix or 
fevehfcore, might have done great mifchiief to the feveral Par- 
tics of Foot , who with fo much difficulty fcaled the ftecp 
Hill) aflbon as he faw the day loft, and fome fiiy fooner, made 
all imaginable hafte to Exeter^ to prepare thep for the condi- 
tion they were fhortly to expedl. 

The Conquerors aflbon as they had gain'd the Cam^p, 
and di^erfed the Enemy, and after publick Prayers upon the 
Place, and a folemn Thankfgiving to Almighty God for their 
Deliverance and Vidlory, fent a fmall Party of Horfe to pur- 
iiie the Enemy for a Mile or two j not thinking fit to purfue 
fart;her, or with their whole Body of Horfe, left S'' George 
fhoqld return fkom Bodmin with his ftrong Body of Horfe and 
Dragoons, and find them in diforder^ but contenting them* 
felves with the Vi&ory they had obtainM upon the place, 
which, in Subftance as well as Circumfhmce, was as fignal a 
one, as hath happcn'd to either Party fince the unhappy di- 
ftradion j for on the King's Party w^re not loft in all above 
fburfcore Men j whereof few were Olficers, and none above 
dK degree of a Captain^ and though many more were hurt, 
not above tea Men dy'd afterwards pf their wounds. On the 


Of the R^helHoni ifec. x7r 

Rurliaificiit fide, aomrithftuxlifiBdieir advanoge* of grMlk^ 
and that the other were the Affiulanti, above diree hCindred 
were flam onthe place, and feventeen hundred taken Prifonem 
irith their Major. General, apd above thirty odier OflBcen; 
They took likewife all their Baggage and Tents, ill their Can* 
non, being, aa was fiud before, thuteen Pieces of Bral^Oitt- 
nance, and a Brafs Mortar-niece ; aU their Ammunition, be- 
ixig feventy Bands of Powder, and all other ibrts of Ammo- 
nition proportionable, and a very j^reat Magazine of Bisker, 
and other ^cellent Proviiions ctf vitals; which was as iea- 
fonable a Bfeflinjg as the Vidory, to thofe who, for three or 
four days before, -had fuflfer'd great want of food as weU U 
Ikep; aind were equally tired with doty and hunger. The! 
Army refted that night, and the next day, at ^natdm ; i0 
care beiiu; taken by exprefs Mefl^ers, to di^fe diie news. 
of their (uccefi to all parts of that Country, and to guard iho 
Pafles upon the River Tsmsr^ whereby to hinder the return 
of the Enemies Horfe and Dragoons. ButSr Ge^ruChudlMb 
had no fooner, with great triumph, difperfed the nig^ Sherm^ 
and Gentlemen, who intended to iMve call'd the m^ cwm* 
Mms^ according to their good cuftom, for the AflSftance of 
.the King's Pairy,. and with .little refinance encer'd BoAkum^ 
when he receiv'd the ftial News of the lols of their Camp 
and Army at StrMn$tu Upon which, with as much hafle, antf 
diforder, as fo great a conftemation could pruduce am<mp;^ 
l^eople not acquainted with the- Accidents of War, leavui|; 
many of his Men and Hodes a Prey to the Country Peopl^* 
him&UL with as many as he could get, and keep together, |)ef 
into T^im$wtb ^ and tbenc^ widiout interrupaon or bazafrf^ 

into Exitir. 

Tns Earl ofStsn^ard^ to make fats own Gondua and MiA 
fortune the left cenlur'd, induftriouOy foread abroad in aU^ 

Elaies, and confidently fent the fimie information to the Pir« 
ament, << lliat he had been betrayVi by 7^r|ii#^ OhMM%ir ; and 
^Thar, in the heat of the Battle^ when the hope of the day 
<< flood fair, he bad Voluhtarily, with a Party, run over t6 
^ the Enemy, and immediately UMrg^d the Parluiment Force^^ 
^ whidi beflbt in all Men a general apprehenfion of Treachery, 
^ the Solders fearing their Officers, and the Officers their' 
^ Soldiers revtdt ; smd thereupon the Rout enfued. Whereat'; 
file truth is, u he was a young Man of excellent Parts, and^ 
Courage, he perfovm'd the Mrt of a right good Commandei^- 
both in his Orders, and his Perfon ; and was taken Prifbner; 
in the Body of his Enemy, whither he had Charg'd with un-'- 
daunted Courage^ when there was no odier expedient in rea^ 
Xbnleft. But this fi»ndal fo widiout colour caft onhinkand' 
emertain'd widlmm credit (to liis leivicea bad nwi^ 


1E7X 'TheHiftory BookVII. 

fiom tbeitime of his Eng^g^ment to the Firluunent, he had 
ierv'd not only with fiiU abuitjr, but with notable fucceft, and 
was the only Man that had given any interruption to the 
profperity of the c^m^ Army, and in a night-skirmifh, SK 
BfMKk Down near Okmgtvwj (buck a greater terror into 
th^ and diforder'dtheni more than they were at anjr other 
time) wrou^ fo far upon the young Man^ tc^ether with the 
kind ufi^, and reception he found as a Prifoner amcmg the 
Chief Officers, who iov'd him as a Gallant Enemy^ and one 
liicetodo the King good Service if he were recover'd to his 
Loyalty, that after m bad been Prifoner about ten days, he 
fregy declared, ^ That he was convinced in his Confctence^ 
^and Judgment, of the errors he had committed; and, upon 
promue made to him of the King's Pardon, frankly omr'd to 
joya with them in his Majefty's Service^ and fo gave fome 
countenance to the reproach that was firft mofi: injuriouflycaft 
upon him. 

The truth is, he was of too good an undoftanding, and 
foo much generofity in his nature, to be afieded to the Caufe 
which he ferv'd, or to comply with thofe Arts, which he (aw 
pradiced to carry it on ^ and having a Command in Ireia^d, 
when the War firft brdo: out^ he came thence into Emglamdi 
with a purpofe to ferve the Kii^; and to that end, Inortly 
after his l{i4ajcity's coming to Oxftrdy he came thither to ten- 
tier his Service ^ but he found the Eyes of moft Men fix'd 
upon him with prejudice and jealoufy there, both for his Far 
inily's lake, which was notoriouUy difafiedied to the King, 
sind for (bme errors of his own, in that Plot, that was fo much 
^>oken of, to bring up the Northern Army to awe the Par- 
hament^ in which budnefs, being then a very young Man, 
and of a itirring Spirit, and defirous of a Name, he had ex- 
preis'd much Zeal to the King's Service, and been bu(y in in* 
dining the Army to engage in fuch Petitions, and Under* 
takings, as were not gracious to the Parliament. But when 
that difcovery was made by Mr Goring^ as is before remem* 
ber'd, and a Committee appointed to examine the Combina* 
tion, this Gentleman, wrought upon by hopes, or fears, in 
his Examination, &id much that was diftdvantageous to the 
Court, and therefore, bringing do other Teftimony with him 
to Oxford J but of his own Gonfdence, he receivM nothing 
like Countenance there ^ whereupon be returned to Londmty 
fiifficiently incenfed that be was negleded; and was quickly 
entertaiii'd, for their Weftem employment, where his neareit 
Friends were throughly engaged. But after this defeat, his 
former paffion being allay'd, and his obfervation and expe- 
rience convincing him, that the defigns of the Parliament. 
were nooiiidi as were premided, here^gn'd himfelf to thofe 


^ » p 

Of the Reheliion^&ic. x7j 

who firft conquered him with Force^ and then with Reafim 
and Civility ^ and, no doubt, was much wrought upon by 
the dircipline, and int^ty of the Forces, by whom he had 
been fubdued ^ and with the Piety, Temper, and Sobriety o£ 
Che Chief Commanders, Which indeed was moft exemplary^ 
and worthy the Caufe for which they were engaged^ the Re- 
putation, and Confcience whereoi^ had alone carried them 
through the di£Eiculties, and ftreights, with which they were 
to contend. 

This Army, willing to relieve their Friends of CamwML 
from the burden which they fuflain'd fo patiently, haften'd 
their march into Devtm-Jbire^ not throuRhly relglvM wh6» 
ther CO attack Pfymautb^ or Extitr^ or botn^ when advertifid^ 
menc came to them, by an Exprels from Oxfrrd^ ^^ That the 
^ King had fent Prince Msitruey and the Marquis of Htrtfhri^ 
^< with a very good Body of Hone to joyn with them, and tbac 
<<they were advanced towards them as far as Smerfit'Jbsr^i 
<< and that Sr WiltsMm WaOer was deiign'd by the Parliament^ 
<' to vific the Weft, with a new Army, which would receive 
^ a good recruit from thofe who elcaped from the Battle of 
^ Sirsttami So that ic was neceOary for all the ICing'a Forcea ' 
in thofe Parts to be united in a Body, aflbon as mi^cbe^here* 
upon it waa quickly refolv'd to leave fuch a Party at Sab^^ 
and ASlin$k as might defend Faithfol ccfnvkU from any In* 
curfions of Pfymmtsiy and with theic Army to march Es&ft 
ward} their number increafing daily upon the Reputation of 
cheir new wonderfiil Vidxny^ many Volunciers comii^ to 
chem ouc of DtvmtJUrf^ and very many of their Prifoneri 
profefling, diey had been ieduced, and freely.oflfeni^ co ferve 
the Kingagainft thofe who had wroogi'd both; who, being en- 
tertain'd under fome of their own coavoted Officers, bdiaved 
themfelvea afterwards with great Honefty and Courage. And 
fo makinsno longer ftay by the way, than was necemry for 
Che refreming of their Troops, the c^rw^h Armv, for thac was 
chQ flyle it now carried, march'd by ExeNr^ wnere the Earl 
of S^sm^dy with a (u6Scient Garnfon, thca was : and ftay- . 
ing only twoorcluee days co fix fmallGarriions, wberctsy chat 
Town, fiillof foar and apprehenfion, might be kept from ha- 
ving too great an influence upon to Populous a County, ad* 
vanced to Tfverf #*, where a Raiment of Foot of the P;arliar 
ment, under CokMiel fFar^j a Gentleman of thac Country, 
had fix'd themfelvcs} bcping Sr ffMam Wmlkr would be ai 
Joon with them for their roief, as the Comifb would be to 
Ibrce them ; wluch Regiment being eafily difperfed, they ftay^d 
there to exped new Orders from the Marquis of HhrffrrJ. 

When the loft of Kir aMi; was well digefted,^ the King 
uod^Qod cl^ d«cUi^ QiMKtiQn of the Earl of j;^ 


174 TheUtftory Book VII. 

flay, and that he wou^ ddier nocbe able to advance, or tioc 
ki nich a manner^ as would give hitn much trouble at Ox- 
firiy and hearing in what pro(perpu$ ftate his hopefol Party 
' m c^nmml ftood, whither the Parliament was making all hafis 
to fend Sr WUHmm Wklhtj tocheck their good fiiccefs ^ his Ma^ 
jefty refolv'd to fend the Marquis 6[ Hertford into thofe parts, » 
the rather becaufe there were many of the prime Gentlemen 
iiH^lt'flHr9^DorJk'Jbir§y^nAS9rlmJH'[birey who confidently 
undertook, if the Marquis went through thofe Counties, with 
fiich a ftrei^h as they fuppofed the King would fpare to him, 
they would in a veiy Ohort time raife (b confiderabie a Power, 
' as to oppofe any force the Parliament (hould be able to fendi - 
When me Marquis was ready for his Journey, news arriv'd 
of the great ViAory at Stratton ; fo that there was no danger 
in the Marquis's being able to joy n with that little c^nti/b Ar- 
my^ and then there would ^Ppear indeed a vifible Body wor- 
thy the name of an Army. This put fome Perfons upon de- 
finng, that Prince Mmria (who was yet in no other Qiia^ 
lity of Command, than o( a private Ccuonel of Horfe, but had 
tlm^ys behav'd himfelf with great Courage and Vigilance) 
might be likewife difoo(ed into a Command of that Army.' 
Hereupon the King amgn'd him, and his Highnefs willingly 
accepted to be Lieutenant General under the Marquis ; who 
for many reafons. bdides that he was adfaially poflefs'd of it, 
was thought fit to have the fuperior power over thofe Weftem 
Counties, where his Fortune lay, and the Eltimation, and 
Reverence of the People to him was very great. So the Prince 
and the Marquis, with Prince Msurfce% and the Earl of Car- 
Marvon's and Colonel Thomas HowsnPs Regiment of Horfe 
(the Earl being General of the Cavalry ) advanced into the 
Weft; and flaying only fome few days at Salisbury^ and after 
in Dorfii-fbirey whilfl: tome new Regiments of Horfe and 
Foot, which were Levying by the Gentlemen in thofe Parts, 
came up to them, made all convenient hafte into Snmirj'et'flnr9^ 
being defirous to joyn with the Cormifhy aflbon as might be ; 

Erefuming they Ihould be then beft able to perfed their new 
•evies, when they were out of apprehenfion of being difturbed 
by a more powerful Force. For Sf H^Uiam Waller was already 
march'd out of London^ and ufed not to ftay longer by the 
way than was unavoidably neceflary.. 

In the Marquis's firft entrance into the Weft, He had an 
unfpeakable lofs^ and the King's Service a far greater, by the 
death of M' Rogtrs^ a Gentleman of a rare Temper, and ex- 
cellent Underf&iding; who befides that he had a great In- 
tereft in theJMIarquis, being his CouGn-german, and lo, out of 
that ppntt Relation, as^well as 2^1 to the Publick, jpaflion- 
ately inclinedto*«dvince the Service^ bad a wondierful great 


Of the Rebellm, &c- %yf 

iaSueiice upon the County cfj>§r/Hj for which bctsnr'd » 
one of Che Kni^bts in Parliamenc ; aiod had fi> well defipi'd 
aU things chgr^ that P§0ii^ and Lynte (two Port Towns in 
that CcMUty, which flave me King afterwards much Trouble^ 
if He had.lird) had been undoubcediy reduced. But by his 
Death all tbofe hopes were caoceirdy the ijiirviving Gentry of 
chat Shire being, how well afield loever, (b unadlive, due 
the progreis, that was that year made there to the Kin^a ad- 
vantage, ow^d little to their Affiftance. 

About the jtniddle of ytme^ frince HUnrke^ and theMar* 
quif, with fixteen or feventeen Hundred Horfe, and abooc 
ene thou&nd new levied Foot, and feven or eight Field-Pie^ 
ces came to Cbiird^ a fair Town in S^merfetjhirty nearefl the 
edge of D9V9th{bir€ ^ where, according to order, they were 
, met by \he c^nijh Army ^ which confiited of above three 7U Ummm 
thou&nd excellent Foot, five hundred HorfCi and three hun* •/ HenM 
dred Dragoons, with four or five Field-pieces ; fo that, Offi- J^2^ 
cers and dl, being joyn'd, they might well pafs for an Army |^^|^ 
of feven thoufand Men ; with an exi^ellent Train of Artillery, Amw*/^ 
and a very fair proportion of Ammunition of all forts, and ^Oor&iii 
fo good, a Reputation, that they might well promiie them* 
felyes a quick mcreafe of their Numbers. Yet if the extraor*- 
dinary temper and virtue of the Chief Officers of thecvmn^ 
had not been much fuperior to that of their Common Soldi* 
ers, who valued themlelves high, as the Men whofe coun^ 
bad alone vindicated the King's Caufe in the Wef^ there 
ihi^t have been greater diibrder at cheir firft joyning, thaft 
could eafily have been compofed. For how msSl foeyer cfac 
Marquis's Party was in Numbers, it was (upplied with all the 
Genend Officers of a Royal Army, a General, Lieutenant 
General, General of the Horfe, General of the Ordnance, « 
Major General of Horfe, another of Foot, widiout koqpm 
ing fuitable Commands tor thofe who had done aU that was 
paued, and were to be principally relied on for what was ta 
comt. So that the Chief Officers of the C&r»j/h Army, by 
^yning with a much leis parnr than themielves, were at beft 
in the conditioj^ of Private Colonels. Yet the fame PubUck 
thoughts ftill fo abiblutely prevailed with them, tl^ thejr 
quieted all murmurings and emulations among Inferior Om» 
cers, and Common Soldiers ; and were^ with equal candour 
and eiiimation^ valued by the Prince and Marquis, who be** 
thoi^ht themielves of aU expedients, whi^ might preveac 
anyjuture mifiinderilanding. 

T A y MTON was thefirlt phice they refolv'd to vifit, bcjog 
one of the faireft, larg^ and richeft Towa in Simirfit-jiir^^ 
but withal as enunenuy a£b£ked to the Parliament, where they 
bad now.a Qamfoni nut thcgf: hafl ikit yet the fanoe Couragi^ 

• they 

\^6 The Hi/lory Book VII. 

they recx)ver'd afterwards. For the Army wiu no (ooner diinm^, 
fietr the Town, the head Quarters being at OrebarJ^ a Hoiife / 
of the fwtnumsj two miles from the Town, but the Tovira 
fent two of their fubftantial Inhabitants to Treat; whidi, 
thou^ nbthing was ccmcluded, ftruck that terror into die 
Garrifon (the Prifoners in the Caftle, whereof many were 
Men of good Fortunes, imprifon'd there as Malignants, at the 
ftme time raifing fome commotion there) that the Garriibn 
fled out of the Town to BrUgivater^ being a lefs Town but 
of a much ftronger fituation; and, with the fame panickfear, 
the next day, from thence j fi> that the Marquis was poflefi'd, 
in three days, of Tsumton^ Bruigevui$ery and Dunfiar^C^^dd^ 
fo much ftronger than both the other, that it could not have 
been forced ; yet by the dexterity of Francis Wkidtffmy who 
Wrought upon the fears of the owner, and mafter of it, NP 
Lntterely was, with as httle blood-Qied as the other, delivered 
up to the iiUng; into which the Marquis put him, that took 
it, as Governour; as he weU dcferv'd.- 

The Government d Taimtam he committed toS^^^iAi 
St4twel/y% Gentleman of a very great Eftate in thofe parts ; who, 
from the beginning, had heartily and perlbnally engs^^ 
Himfelf and his Children for the King ; and was m the hrft - 
form of thofe who had made themfelves obnoxious to the 
Parliament. The other Government* of Bru^ewstery was 
conferr'd upon Edmund. Wmdbamy High Sheriff^ the Coun- 
ty, being a Gentleman of a Fortune near the place, and of a 
good perfonal Courage, and unqueftionable Aftedbon to the 
Caufe. The Army Itaycd 2LbG\ix.<raunton feven or eight days, 
tor the fettling thofe Garrifons, and to receive Advertifements 
of the Motion, or Station of the Enemy j in which time they 
loft much of the Credit, and Reputatioii, they had with the 
Country. For whereas the Chief Commanders of the Cor- 
nifl) Army, had reftrain'd their Soldiers from all maimer of 
Licenfe, obliging them to folemn, and frequent Adlions of 
' Devotion, infomuch as the fame of their Religion, and Biici- 

« piine, was no lefs than of their Courage, and thereupon 
"Sr Ralfh JHi^^f Mr (who was generally confider'd as the General 
of that Army, though it was govern'd by fuch a Commiflion 
' ^s is before remembered) was greedily expeded in his own 
Country, where his Reputation was fecond to no Mans ^ the 
Horfe, that Came now with the Marquis, having lived under 
ft loofe Di&ipline, and coming now into plentiful Quarters, 
unvifited by an Army, eminent for their Difefiedion, were 
diibrderly enough to give the Enemy credit in laying more 
to their Charge thah they deferv'd j and by their Licenfe 
hinder'd thofe orderly Levies, which Qiould have brought in 
ft fupply ijS Money, for the regular payment of the Army. 


Of the Rehellion^ &c. x77 

This extrava^ncy produced another miichief, foroe jcalouif^ 
or (hadow ofic, between the Lord Marquis and Prince Mmm 
rice J the firft, as being better verfed in the Policy of Peacc^ 
than in the Mylteries of War, defiring to r^ulace the Soldier, 
and to rellrain Jbim from uling any Licenfe upon the Coun«> 
try, and^ the Eifbce being thought fo wholely to incline to 
tlie Soldier, that he negledted any conGderation of the Coun- 
try, and not without fome defign of drawing the fole depen- 
dence of the Souldier upon him. But here were the feeds ^ 
rather fbwn of diflike , than any viiible dilinclination pro* 
duced J for after they had fettled the Garrifons before men- 
tioned, they advanced, with Unity and Alacrity, Eailward, to 
find out the £nemy, which were gathered together in a cond* 
derable Body, within lefs than twenty Miles of them. 

Whilst fo much time was fpent at Oxford^ to prepare 
the fupplies for the Weft , and in fettling the manner of 
fending them ^ which might have been done much fooner, 
and with lefs noife; the ParHamenc forefaw, that if all the 
Weft were recover'd from them, their Quarters would by 
degrees be fo ftreighten'd, that their other Friends would 

Juickly grow weary of them. They had ftill all the Weftera 
^orts at their Devotion, thofe in Corwwal only excepted; 
and their Fleets had always great benefit by it. And though 
moft of the Gentry were engaged againft them, as they were 
in truth in many parts throughout the Kingdom, yet the Com^ 
mon People,, eipecially in the Cloathing parts of ^nmrfit^ 
Jkire^ were generally too much inclined to them. So thtc 
they could not want Men, if they fent a Body of Horfe, and 
fome Arms, to countenance them; with the laft'of which, 
they had fofficiently ftored the Sea Towns which were in their 
hands. And therefore they refolv'd, diat though they cooki • 
not eafily recruit their Army, they would fend fome Troo{>87W?«f&gS 
of Horfe, and Dragoons, into the Weft, to keen up the ^{•^meMifmaSf 
rirs of their Friends there. And for the conduct of this (er-?^- ^^^ 
vice, they made choice of Sr m/iiam Tfkl/er^ a Member oftht^'^^ 
Houfe of Commons, and a Gentleman of a Family in Kent. 'y^Armf. 

Sr Wtlliam Waller had been well bred; and, havingi^enc 
fome years abroad, and fome time in the Armies there, re< 
turn'd with a good Reputation home; and (hortly after, hav^ 
ing Married a young Lady, who was to inherit a good For<« 
tune in the Weft, he had a Quarrel with a Gentleman of tbtt 
fame Family, who had the Honour to be a menial Servant ta 
the King in a place near his Perfon; which, in that tiix^waa 
attended with Privilege and Refpedl from all Men: Thefif 
two Gentlemen difcourfing with fome warmdi togethei^, S^ Wi* 
Ham Waller receiv'd fiich provocation from the other^ thaC 
he ftruck hin. a Upw over the fiioe^ fo near the Oace'of'^^j?* 



a78 The Etflory Book VII. 

mimfter-Wallj that there were Wicnefles, who fwore, << Thatit 
^ was in the Hall it Teli^ the Courts being then fitting^ whicb^ 
according to the rigour of Law, makes it very penal ^ and the 
credit tte other h^ in the G)urt, made the profecution to 
be verv fevere^ infomuch as he was at laft compellec) to re- 
deem nimfelf at a dear ranfbm ^ the benefit wliereof, was con* 
ferr'd on his adveriary, which made the fenfe of it the more 
grievous; and this produced in him fo eager a fpirit againft 
the Court, diat he was very open to any temptation, that 
might engage him againft it; and (b concurring m the Houfe 
of Commons with all thbfe Counfels which were moft Vio* 
lent, he was employed in their firft Military Adlion, for the 
reducing of Portjmouth^ which he efieded with great eafe, as 
is remember'd before; and when the Earl of Effix had put 
the Army into Winter Quarters, he had with fome Troops, 
made a Cavalcade or two into the Weft, fo fortunately, that 
he bad not only beat up fome loofe Quarters, but bad fiir- 
pnfed a 6xt and forti&ed Quarter, made by the Lord Her* 
iert olE Jutland near (j/or^er; in which he took above 
twelve humlred Prifoners with all the Officers; being t 
number very little inferior to his own Party; which is like- 
wife particularly remembered before. So that he got great 
Reputation with the Parliament and the City; and was 
(here caU'd William the Cmqueror. And it is very true, that 
they who look'd upon the Earl of J^x as a Man chat would 
not keep them company to the end of their Journey, had 
tt^ir Eyes upon Sr William Waller ^ as a Man more for Their 
turn; and were defirous to extol him the more, that he might 
edipfe the other. And therefore they prepared ail things for 
, bis march, with fo great expedition and fecrecy, that the Mar- 
• quis of Hntford was no fooner joyn'd to xh^xornijh Troops 
, (in which time BriJiewatery and Dunftar^ and feme other 
places were reduced from the Parliament) before he was in- 
formed that S» William Waller was within two days march of 
lli^), and was more like to draw fupplies to him from Briftoly 
.and the parts adjacent, which were under the Parliament, than 
^e Marquis could from the open Country; and therefore it 
was held moft Counfeilable to advance , and engage him , 
whilft he was not yet too ftrong ; and by this means they 
(bould continue ftill their march towards Oxford ^ which they 
were now inclined to do. 

T H o u G H Sr Wiliiam Waller himfelf continued ftill at Bathy 
yet the remainder of thofe Horfe and Dragoons that efcaped 
QUt oicorwutaly after the Battle of Strattouy and fuch other as 
W^re ^nt out of Exeter for their eafe, when they apprehended 
%dieg^> jmd thofe Soldiers whafled out of Taunton^ and ^Bridge- 
wUr^wAo^ Regimdats of Che Co\xnxxf^eccbf;Alexander 



Of the Rebellion^ &c. 279 

Vofham^ Str^de^ and the other Deputy Lieutenants of the Mi- 
litia for Somerfet^ rallied^ and with the Train'd-bands, and 
Voluntier Regiments of the Country, drawn together, with 
that confidence, that when the Marquis had taken up his head' 
Quarters at SomertMy the Knemy, before break ot day^ fell 
upon a Regiment of Dragoons, quartered a Mile Ealtward 
from the Townj and gave-fo brisk an Alarm to the King's 
Army, that it was immediately drawn out, and advanced upon 
the Enemy (being the firft they had feen make any ftand be- 
fore them, hnce the Battle of Strstton) who making flands 
upon the places of advantage, and maintaining little Slarmilhes 
in the Rear, retired in ho ill order to Wells ^ and the King's 
Forces itill purfuing, they chofe to quit that City likewife; 
and drew their whole Body, appearing in number as confider** 
able as their Furfuers, to the top of a Hill, call'd MefuHp-HiVi^ 
overlooking the City of Wellsy which they had left. The day^ 
being far fpent, and the March having been long, the Mar* 
quis, with all the Foot, and Train, ftayed at Wells -^ but Prince 
Maurice^ and the Earl of Carnar'uon^ with Sr Hahh Hepton^ 
and Sr John Berkley ^ and two Regiments of Horie, refolv'd 
to look upon the Enemy on the top of the Hill j who fuflfer'd 
them, without interruption, to gain the top of the Hill level 
with them, and then, in a very orderly manner, facing with 
a large Front of their Horfe, to give their Foot and Baggage^ 
leifure and fecurity, retired together as the Prince advanced. 
This, and the natural contempt the King's Horfe yet had of 
the Eneiny, which in all Skirmiihes and Charges had beea 
hitherto beaten by them, made the Prince judge this to be 
but a more graceful running away ; and therefore follow'd 
them ferther, over thofe large Hills, till the Enemy, who 
were anon to pafs through a Lane, and a Village call'd c^ou- 
tony were compell'd, before their entrance into the Lane, to 
leave their Referve; which faced about much thinner than it 
was over the Hill^ which opportunity and advantage was no 
fooner difcern'd, as had been forefeen, but the Earl of Cat' 
narvon \^\iO always Charged home) with an incomparable 
Gallantry Charged the Enemy, and prefs'd them fo hard, thac 
he enterM the Lane with them, and Routed the whole Body 
of their Horfe, and follow'd the execution of them abova 
two miles. 

But this was like to have been a dear fuccefs ; for S' WiU- ^ 
liam Waller^ who lay with his new Army at Bath^ and had 
drawn to him a good fupply out of the Garrifon at Brifiol^ 
had diredled this Body wnich was in Somerfet^ to retire be- 
fore the King's Forces till they Ihould joyn with him, who 
had fent a frelb^ ftrong Party of Horfe and Dragoons, to affift 
their Retreat: which, by the advantage of a Hedge, had- 

Vol. li Part I. T match'd 

^9o TheHiftory Book VII. 

march'd without being difcover'd : fo that the Earl oicamar^ 
V0fy being a ftranger in the Country and the ways, purfued 
tjie iLqemy into Sr IfHUiam Wsllir's Carters, and till himfelf 
was prels'd by a fre(h 3ody of Horfe and Dragoons ^ when he 
was neceflitaced to retire in as good order as he could, and 
Cpnx the Prince, who feUow'd him, word of the danger which 
fended them. His Highnefs hereupon, with what hafte he 
Qould, drew back through the Village ^ choofing rather, with 
very good reafon, to attend the Enemy in the plain Heath, 
than to be engaged in a narrow paflage : thither the Earl of 
Qiornarvon with his Regiment came to him, broken and chafed 
by the Enemy ; who immediately drew up a large Front of 
Hprfe and Pragoons, much ftronger than the Prince's Party, 
who had only his own, and the Earl of canmrvatf^ Regi- 
ments, with iome Gentlemen Voluntiers. The ftreight, and 
sieceflity he was in, was very great ; for as he mi^t feem 
muph too weak to Charge them, (b the danger might protei- 
Uy be much greater to retire over thefe fair Hills, being pur- 
f(ied with a frefh Party much fuperior in number. Therefore 
he took a Gallant Refolution , to give the Enemy a bnsk 
Qwge with bis own Regiment upon their advance, whilit 
th^. E^arl rallied His, and prepared to iecond him, as there 
fhoukl be occafion. This was as foon and fortunately exe- 
cuted as reipiv'd j the Prince in the head of the Regiment 
Charging fo vigorouily, that he utterly broke, and routed 
that part of the Front that recciv'd the imprefliop. . But al- 
inoit halif the Enemies Horfe, that, being extended larger than 
bis Front, were not Charg'd, wheeled about, and Charg'd 
the Prince in the Rear; and at the lame time the Earl of r^r- 
Tt^rvon^ with his rallied Regiment, Charg'd Their Rear; and 
aU this fo throughly performed, that they were mingled one 
apnong the other, ana the good Sword was to decide the con* 
troverfy, their Piftols being fpent in the clofe. The Prince 
hiiopielf receiy'd'tWQ llirewd hurts in his head, and was beaten 
o9*his Hprftl; but he was prefently relieved, and carried ofif; 
and the Enemy totally routed, and purfued again by the Earl 
cfcsrudfrvm^ who had a fair execution upon them, as long 
a^.tbe light; couotenanced his chafe, and then he return'd to 
the head Qs^artjeti^ at If^J/s^ there having been in thefe Skir? 
miflies threefcore or fourfcore Men loft on the Prince's Party, 
aAd three times that number by the Enemy; the Adion be- 
iog too quick to take many Prupners. 
, At l^ei/s. the Array relied many days, as well to recover 
the Prince's. wqunds, being only cuts with Swords, as to con- 
fullL what w$» next to be done; for they were now within 
dUbnce of an Enemy thafithey knew would Fight with them. 
I'>>r S> .^/Aiyif jy^^iiApr was at Bath with his whole Army, much 


Of the Rehelhn, &c. ^6 1 

enaeafed by thofe who were chafed out of the Weft; and 
refolv'd not to advance, having all advantages of Provifions^ . 
and PalTes, till a new fupply, he every day expeded from 
lAmdoHy were arriv'd with him. On the other ficle, the Mar* 
quis was not only to provide to meet with fo vigilant an Ene» 
nw, but to fecure himielf af his Rear, that the di&fie£Hofi 
of the People behhid him, who were onj^ fubdued. not cooi* 
verted, upon the advance of Sr WMmn Watier^ might not takci 
freOi Courage. Though C^mwd was reafonably fecured,^ 
keep off any iinpredion upon it felffrom Plymouthy jajit^ 
if<m-fl>iro y/9& left in a very unfafe pofture; there being only t 
fmall Party at Columt-Jekm^ a Houie of Sr J$lm Acktantl^s ihrtt 
miles oS' Exeter^ to control the power of that City, wher^ 
Che Earl of Stamford was; and to difpute not only wkh any 
commotion, that might happen in the Coimtry, but with fiirf 
power that might arrive by Sea. Upon thefe confideratioqs^ 
and the intelligence, that the Parliament had fent dirediont 
to the Earl oi Warwick their Admiral, «To attend the Dev^m^ 
^^Jhire Coaft with his Fleet, and take any advantage he collide 
the Marquis, by the advice of the Council of War, fent y 
John Berkley back into D€v$ftfi>irey with Colonel HffmauPi 
Regiment of Horfe, to Command the Forces which were 
then there, and to raife what Numbers more he could pcrffi^ 
bly, for the blocking up that Qty, and reducing the Coun* 
ty ; and upon his arrival there, to fend up to the Army S^ 

Z'ames Hamilton's Regiment of Horfe and Dragoons ^ whicb 
ad been left in Devon-Jbire-y aid, by the Licence they tooi^ 
weakenM the King's P^rty ^ fo that by fending this reUef thtj 
Cher, he did not ieflen at all his own Numbers, yet gave ereac 
ftrength to the reducing thofe parts, as appear'd afterwards by 
the fuccefs. 

After this difpofition, and eight or ten days reft at JMb^ 
the Army generally expreOing a cheerful impatience to meet 
with the Enemy, of wnicb, at that time, they had a greater 
contempt, than in reafon they fliould have ; the Prince, and 
Marquis, advanced to Promey and thence to Bradford within 
four Miles of Bath. And how no day pafled without AdHox^ 
and very (harp Skirmiflies ; S^ William Waller having received 
from Lamdon a frefli Regiment of five hundred Horfe under 
the Command of S' Arthur Hajlerig-^ which were fo com- 
pleatly Arm'd, that they were called by the other fide the 
Regiment of Lobfters, becaufe of their bright Iron (heUSy 
with which theyMPere cover'd, being perfeft Curaiffiert: 
and were the firft feen fo Arm'd on either fide, and the firft 
that made any impreffion upon the King'a Horfe; who, beii^ 
unarmed, were not able to bear a ihock with them ; befides 
that they were fecure from hurts of the Sword, which were 

T % almoft 

a8i The Hiftory Book Vll. 

almolt the oiily ^Weapons the other wer^ furnifli'd with. 
The Conjtention was hitherto with Parties j in which the 
SucceQes were various, and almolt with equal lofles : for as 
^\WMam Wqlhr^ upon the Brll. advance from W^llsy beat up 
a Regiment of Horle and Dragoons of Sr James Hamilton% 
anddifocrfed them^; fo, withinnwo days, the King's Forces 
beat a Party of His from a Pafs near Bath^ where the Encow 
loO: two Field-pieces, and near an hundred Men. But or 
WilUam WalUr had the advantage in his groupd, having a good ^ 
Qty, well fiirnifli'd with provilions, to quarter his Army to- 
gether iq^ and To in his choice not to Fight, but upon e^^tra- 
ordinary advantage. Whereas the King's Forces muft either 
difperfe themfeiyes, and fo give the Enemy advantage upon 
their Quarters, or, keeping near together, lodge in the Field, ^ 
and endure great diltrcfs of Provifion^ the Country being fo ' 
dKaflfedied, S)ai only force could bring in any fupply or relief* 
Hlereupon, after feveral attempts to engage the Enemy to a 
Battle upon equal terms, whicn having the advantage, he wife- 
ly 'avoided^ the Marquis, and Prince AfL^i^r/^f, advanced with 
tneir whole Body to Mmrsfeld^ five miles beyond l^ath to- 
wards Oxford'^ prefuming, that, by. thi^ means, they fliould 
draw the Ei^emy from their place of ^ad vantage, his chief bufi- 
aefs being to hinder them from joyning with the King. And 
if they had been able to prefervethat temper, and had negleA- 
ed the Enemy, till he had quitted his advantages,' it i^ proba- 
ble they might have fought upon as good terms as they de- 
fired But the unreafbnable contempt they had of the Enemy, 
and confidence they Ihould prevail in any ground, together 
with the ftreightsthcy endured for want of Provilions, and 
their want of Ammunition, which was fpent as much in the 
daily Hedge Skirmifhes, and upon their Guards, being fo near 
as could have been in Battle, would not admit the patience; 
for Sr William Waller^ who was not to fiiffer that Body to 
joyn with the King, no fooner drew out his whole Army to 
Lanfdffwny which looked towards Marsfield^ but they fu£ler'd 
themfelves to be engaged upon great difadvantage. 
Tht EattU I T was upon the fitth of July when Sr William Waller^ as foon 
^Lanf- ^ it ^as light, poflefs'd himfelf of that Hill^ and after he 
wnjuy j^^ \xifon the brow of the Hill over the highway, raifed 
Bread- works with faggots and earth , and planted Canon 
there, he fent a ftrong Party of Horfe towards Marsfield-^ 
which quickly Alarm'd the other Army, and was fliortly driven 
back to their Body. As great a mind as the King's Forces had 
to cope with the Enemy, when they had drawn into Battalia, 
and found the Enen^y fixed on the tpp of the Hill, they re- 
(blv'd not to attack them upon fo great difadvantage; and fo 
retired again towardis their old Quarters : wUch Sr WMam^ 

^ Waller 

, Of the ReMlion, &c. 28 j 

Waller perceiving, fent his whole Body of Horfe and Dra- 
goons, down the Hill, to Charge the Rear and Flank of the 
Ring's Forces i which they did throughly, the Regiment of 
Cuiraffiers fo amazing the Horfe they Charg'd, that they to- 
taily routed them \ and,{iandihg firm and unlhaken themfelves, 
gave fo great terror to the King's Horfe, who had never he- 
tore turn'd from an Enemy, that no example of their OfHcers, 
who did their parts with invincible Courage, could make 
them Charge with the fame Confidence, and in the fame man- 
ner they had ufually done. However, in the end, after Sr M- 
cholas SUnning with three hundred Mufquetecrs, had fallen 
upon, and beaten their Referve of Dragooners, Prince Mau- 
ricty and the Earl of Carnarvon^ Rallying their Horfe, and 
winging them with the Corn'tlh Mufquetcers, Charg'd the Ene- 
mies Horfe again, and totally routed them ^ and in the fame 
manner received two Bodies more, and routed and chafed 
them to the Hill ^ where they ftood in a place almoft inacceC- 
fible. On the brow of the Hill there were Breaft-works, Oft' 
which were pretty Bodies of fmall fliot, and fome Canon; 
on either Flank grew a pretty thick Wood towards the decii- 
ing of the Hill, in which ftrong Parties of Mufqueteers were 
placed j at the Rear, was a very fair Plain, where the Re- 
ferve of Horfe and Foot ftood ranged^ yet the Cornijh Foot 
were fo far from being appall'd at this difadvantage, that they 
defired to fall on, and cried our, " That they might have 
•* leave to fetch off' thofe Canon. In the end, order Mras 

fiven to attempt the Hill with Horfe and Foot. Two ftrong 
arties of Mufqueteers were fent into the Woods, which flank- 
ed the Enemy ; and the Horfe and other Mufqueteers up dio , , j 
Road way, which were Charg'd by the Enemies Horfe, flul' * 

Routed j then Sr Bevil Greenvil advanced with a Partyjrif 
Horfe, on his right hand, that ground being beft for th«^-. 
and his Mufqueteers on the left; himfelf leading up hisPikec.^ 
in the middle^ and in the face of their Canon, and Small-^' 
Ihoc fi'om the Breaft-works, gained the brow of the Hill ;i^' 
having fuftain'd two full Charges of the Enemies Horfe ; but 
in the third Charge his Horfe failing, and giving grouJid, he* 
receiv'd, after other wounds, a blow on the Head with a* .,<. 

Poll- Ax, with which he fell, and many of hii Officers about ■ ^* 
him ; yet the Mufqueteers Fired fo iaft upon the Enemies^ ^^; 
Horfe, that they quitted their ground, and the two Winga, ♦ 
who were fent to clear the WockIs,' having done their Work,* 
and gain'd thofe parts of the Hill, at the fame time beat oft'- 
their Enemies Foot, and became poQefs'd of the Breaft-works ; 
and Co made way for their whole Body of Horfe^ 'Foot, and 
Canon, to afeend the Hillj which they quickly did, and' 
planted themffhres dv^tbe grtood they had woQ j the Enetny 

>^ / T 3 retiring 

-».' • 



%$4i TheHiftory BookVIL 

retiring about Demy Culverin^ (hot behind a Stone Wall upon 
Che fame Level, acid (landing m reafonable good order. 

Either Party was fufncieocly tired,, and battered, to be 
contented to (land (till. The King's Horfe were fo ihaken, 
Itbat of two thoufand which were upon the field in the morn*p 
ing^ there were not above fix hundred on the top of the Hill. 
The Eiiemy were exceedingly (catter'd too, apd had no mind 
to venture on plain ground with thofe who had beaten them 
from the Hill j fo that, exchanging only fome (hot from their 
Ordnance, they look'd one upon another till the night inter- 
pos'd. About twelve of the Clock, it being very dark, the 
flnemy made a jQiew of moving towards the ground they had 
lo(t^ but giving a fmart Volly of Smali-(hot, and finding them- 
fclves Anfwerxl with the like, they made no more noife^ 
V^hich the Prince obferving, he fent a Common Soldier to 
hearken as pear the place, where they were, as he could j who 
Jxought word, *< That the Enemy had left lighted matches in 
^ the Wall behind which they nad lain, and were drawn off 
^the Field; which was true; fo that, aflbon as it was day, 
the King's Army found themfelves pollefs'd entirely of the 
jE^ield, and the Dead, and all other Enugns of Vidtory ; Sr JViC- 
iism Waller being march'd to Bath^ in fo much dilorder and 
apprehenfion, that he had left great (lore of Arms, and ten 
Barrels of Powder, behind him; which was a very feafonable 
fiapply to the other fide, who had (pent in that day's Service, 
no le(s than fourfcore barrels, and had not a &fe proportion 

I N this Battle, on the King's part, there were more Offi- 
cers and Gentlemen of Quality flain, than Common Men ; and 
mAe hurt, than flain. 1 hat which would have clouded any 
Vidkory, and made the lofs of others lefs fpoken of, was the 
Sr Beyil death of S^ Bevil GreemHL He was indeed an excellent Per- 
jj^ for^ whofe Adkivity, Interefl:, and Reputation, was the Foun- 
^^ dation of what had been done in eornwal; and his Temper, 
and AffecSlions, fo Publick, that no accident which happen'd, 
could make any impreflions in Him ; and his example kept 
others from taking any thing ill, or at leaft feeming to do lo. 
In a word, a brighter Courage, and a gentler Difpofition, 
were never married together to make the moft chearful, and 
innocent Converfation. 

Very many Officers and Perfons of Qiality were hurt; 
as the Lord Arundel oi War dour jttxot in the Thigh with a brace 
of Piftol Bullets ; Sr Ralfh Ho^on fliot through the Arm 
with a Mufquet; S' Georgs Faughany and many others, hurt 
in the Head of their Troops with Swords and Poll- Axes ; of 
which none of name died. But the morning added much to 
the Melancholy df their Vidlory, when the fiejd w^ entirely 


Of the ReleUiorty &c. aSt 

their own. For Sr IL»lfb Hopton riding up and down the Field 
to viGc the hurt Men, and to put the soldiers in order, and 
readine(s for motion, fitting on his Horfe, ,with other Officer! 
and Soldiers about him, near a Waggon of Ammunition, ia 
which were eight Banels of Powder ^ whether by treachery^ 
or meer accident, is uncertain, the Powder was blown up^ 
and many, who ftood nearefl kili'd ; and many more maimed; 
among whom Sr Ralph Hopton^ and Serjeant Major SheUm 
were miferably hurt ; of which. Major SheUon^ who was thought 
to be in lefs danger than the other; died the next day, to thd 
general grief of the whole Army, where he was wonderfully 
belov'd, as a Man of an undaunted Courage, and as great gen- 
tlenefs of Nature. Sr Balph Hofton^ having hardly fo miidf 
life, as not to be numbered with the dead, was put into a Lit- 
ter, and then the Army march'd to their old Quarters at Marf" 
field 'y exceedingly can: down with their morning's misfortune 
(S^ Ralph Hoptim being indeed the Soldiers darling) wher^ 
they repos'd themfelves the next day, principally in care of 9f 
Ralph HoptoH'^ who^ though there were hope of his recovefy^ 
was not fit to Travel. In this time many of the Horfe, which 
had beefn routed in the morning, before the Hill was wotK 
found the way to Oxford., and, according to the cuilom 6t 
thofe who run away, reported all to be loft, with many parti* 
cular accidents, which they fancied very like to happen whefl 
they left the Field ; but tne next day brought ajpwidualad^ - 
vertifement from the Marquis, but, withal, a denre of a Re* 
giment or two of frefh Horfe, and a fupply of Ammunition ; 
whereupon the Earl of cy«tq/vr^ with his Regitnent of Horfe, 
confiding of near five hundred, was direded to advance that 
way, with fiich a proportion of Ammunition as was defir'd. 

After a days reft at MarsfiiUj it being anderftood that 
Sr HWiam Waller was ftill at Bath ( his Army having been ra^ 
ther furprifed and difcomforted with the incredible boldneft 
of the Csmt/b Foot, than much weaken'd by the Number 
flain, whidi was no greater than on the King's part) and that 
he had fent for frefh fupply froip Brifiai^ it was concluded^ 
rather to march to Oxford^ and fo to joyn with the Kmgf s Ar- 
my, than to ftay and attend the Enemy, who was fo near i&H 
fupplies : And fo they march'd towards Chippenham. Buit \^bett 
Sr WiUiaM Waller had Ineelligettce of the blov^ing up of tHd 
Powder^ of which he well knew there was fcaroeW enou^ 
before, and of the hurt it had done, he infiifed new Spirit into 
his Men ; and verily beli^v'd, that they had no Ammunitioiiv 
and that the Lois of S*^ Ralph Hoptw i whom the People todc 
to be the Soul of thait Arf&y, the otner Names bdns not fo 
much fpoken of, or fo well knowi^ and at this time believ'd 
tobe idead) woOMbtfoundin the Spirits of the Soldiers^ and 

T 4. having 

%Zi The Hiftory Book VIL 

having gotten fome frelh Men from Brificly and more from 
the inclinations of the three Counties of ^/rx, G/ocefier, and 
Somerfetj which joyn'd about Bath^ in the molt abfolute diP- 
aflfeAed parts of all three, he foUow'd the Marquis towards 
Chippenham ^ to which he was as near from Bathy as the other 
from Marsfield. 

The next day, early in the morning, upon notice that the 
Enemy was in diftancq, the Prince, and the Marquis drew 
back tne Army through- o^/js'^fti^^^w, and prefented themfelves 
in Battalia to the Enemy j 'being very well contented to Fight 
in fuch a place, where the fuccefs was to depend more on their 
Foot, who were unqueftionably excellent, than on their Horfe, 
which were at beft weary, though their OflScers were, to En- 
vy, forward and refolute. But Sr W$Uiam IValler^ who was a 
right good choofer of advantages, liked not that ground j re- 
lying as much upon his Horfe, who had gotten Credit, and 
Courage, and as httle upon his Foot, who were only well 
Arm'd, and well Bodied, very vulgarly Spirited, and Of- 
ficer'd : fo that having ftood all night in Battalia, and the Ene- 
my not coming on, the Prince and Marquis, the next day, ad* 
vanced towards the Devizes j Sr Nicholas Sianning^ with great 
Spirit and Prudence, fecuring the Rear with ftrong Parties of 
Mufqueteers ; with which he gave the Enemy, who prefs'd 
upon them very fmartly, fomuch Interruption, that S*" W/- 
liamWaUer^ defpairing of overtaking, fent a Trumpet to the 
Marquis, with a Letter^ offering a pitch'd Field at a place of 
his own choofing, out of the way. The which being eafily 
underftood to be only a Stratagem to beget a delay in the 
march, the Marquis carried the Trumpet three or four Miles 
with him, and then fent him back with fuch an Anfwer as was 
fit. There were, all this day, perpetual and fliarp Skirmifhes 
in the Rear ; the Enemy preffing very hard, and being always 
with lofs repulfed, till the Army fafely reach^ the Devizes, 

Then the cafe was altered for tbeir retreat to Oxford^ the 
Enemy being upon them with improvement of Courage, and 
improvement of Numbers \ ^Wutiam Waller having difperfed 
his Warrants over the Country, fignifying, " That he had 
V- <« beaten the Marquis, and requiring the Peo|^le "To rife in 
f* all places for the apprehenfion of his fcatter'd, anddifpers'd 
5* Troops J which confidence. Men conceived, could not pro- 
ceed from lefs than a manifcft Viftory ; and fo they flock'd 
to him as the Matter of the Field. The Foot were no more 
liowto make the retreat, the firuationof the place they were 
now in, being fuch as they could move no way towards Ox- 
ford J but over a Campagne of many Miles, where the ftronger 
In Hor^ muft needs prevail. 

' fil^RSy poH^ it was unanimoufly advifed, and confented 
♦ to. 

Of the Rehellton^ &c. ^87 

to, that the Lord Marquis and Prince Maurice fliould that 
nighc break through, with all the Horfe, to Oxford., and that 
Sr Ralph Hopton f who, by this, was fuppofed pad danger of 
death, and could near and fpeak well enough, though he could 
not fee or ttir) with the Jiarl of Marlborough^ Who was Ge- 
neral of the Artillery, the Lord Mohun^ and other good Of- 
ficers of Foot, lliould ftay there with their Foot and Canon,/ 
where it was hoped they might defend themfelves, for a few 
days, till the General might return with relief from Oxford'^ 
which was not above thirty Miles off! This refolution was 
purfued ; and, the fame night, all the Horfe got fafe away into 
the King's Quarters , and the Prince , and Marquis , in the 
morning, came to Oxford-^ by which time Sr William Waller 
had drawn all his Forces about the Devizes, The Town was 
open, without the leaft Fortification, or Defence, but fmall 
Ditches and Hedges j upon which the Foot were placed, and 
fome pieces of Canon conveniently planted. The Avenues, 
which were many, were quickly Barricadocd to hinder the 
entrance of the Horfe, which was principally apprehended. 
Sr Wiliiam Waller had foon notice of the remove of the Horfe^ 
and therefore, intending that purfuit no farther, he brougfit 
his whole Force clofe to the Town, and beleaguer'd it round ; 
and having raifed a Battery upon a Hill near the Town, he 
poured in his fliot upon it without intermiffion, and attempted 
to enter in feveral other places with Horfe, Foot, and Can- 
non ; but was in all places more refolutely refifted, and re- 
fmlfed. At the fame time, having Intelligence (as his Intel- 
igence was always moft exad in whatfoever concern*d him) 
of the Earl of Crawford^s marching with a fupply of Powder, 
according to order, after the firft Battle o^ Landfaown^ he fent 
a ftrong Party of Horfe and Dragooons to intercept him ; who ^ - 
before he knew of the alterations which had happened, and 
of the remove of the Horfe towards Oxford^ was fo far en- 
gaged, that he hardly efcapcd with the lofs of his Ammuni- 
tion, and a Troop or two of his Horfe. 

Upon this improvement of his fuccefs, S' William Waller 
reckon'd his Vidiory out of queftion; and thereupon fent a 
Trumpet into the Town to fummon the Befieged,to let them 
know, "That he had cut off' their relief, and that. their State 
*^ was now defperate ; and therefore advifed them to fubmic 
" themfelves to the Parliament, with whom he would mediate 
" on their behalf. They in the Town were not forry for the 
Overture ; not that they apprehended, it would produce any 
Conditions they (hould accept, but that they might gain fome 
time of reft by it : for the freights they were in, were too 
great for any minds not prepared to preferve their Honour at 
any rates. . When the Enemy came fim before the Town, and 


a88 TheHiftory Book VII. 


the Guards was fiipplied with Ammunition for their duty, 
there was but one hundred and fifty weight of Match left in 
the Store ; whereupon diligent Officers were diredied to fearch 
every Houfe; in the Town, and to take all the Bed-cords they 
could find, and to caufe them to be fpeedily beaten, and boyl- 
cd. By this fuddain expedient, there was, by the next morn- 
ing, provided fifteen hundred weight of fuch ferviceaUe 
Match, as very well endur'd that (harp fervice. The cornpais 
of the ground they were to keep, was fo large, and the Ene- 
my prefs'd fo hard upon all places, that their whole Body 
were upon perpetual duty together, neither Officer, or Soldier 
having any time for reft; and the adivity of the Chief Of- 
ficers was moft neceflary to keep up the Courage of the Com- 
mon Men, who well enough underftood the danger they were 
in, and therefore they were very glad of this Meflage; and 
returned, *^ That they would fend an Officer to Treat, if a Cef- 
** fation were agreed to during the time of the Treaty ; which 
was confented to, if it were Uiddainly expedited. 

On the Party of the Belicged were propofed fuch terms, as 
might take up moft time in the Debate , and might imply 
Courage and Kefolution to hold out. Sr William WaUer^ on the 
other hand, offer'd only Quarter, and Civil ufage to the Of- 
ficers, and leave to the Common Soldiers to return to their 
Houies without their Arms, except they would voluntarily 
choofe to ferve the Parliament. Thefe being terms many of 
the Officers would not have fubmitted to in the laft extreme, 
the Treaty eoded : after thofe in the Town had gained what 
they only look'd for, feven or eight hours fleep, and fo long 
time fparing of Ammunition. The truth is, S*^ VTilliam Waller ^ 
was fo confident that they were at his Mercy, that he had 
written to the Parliament, **That their work was done, and 
** That by the next Poft, he would fend the Number, and 
^* Quality of his Prifoners; neither did he imagine it poflible, 
that any relief could have been fent from Oxford-, the Earl 
of Effexj to whom he had fignified his fuccefs, and the potture 
he was in, lying with his whole Army at Thames within ten 
Miles of it. But the importance was too well underftood by 
the King to omit any thmg, that might, with the utmoft ha- 
zard, be attempted for the redeeming thofe Men, who had 
wrought fuch wonders for him. And therefore, affoon as the 
Marquis, and Prince, arriv'd at Oxford, with the fad and un- 
expected news, and relation of the dittitfs of their Friends, 
though the Oueen was then on her march towards Oxford, and 
the King haid appointed to meet her two days Journey for her 
fecurity, his Aiajefty refolv'd to take only his own Guards of 
Horfe, and Prince JR^per/'s Regiment for that expedition , and 
fent the Lord WilmvP with all the reft of the Horfe, to march 



OftheReheUion^Sicc. ^89 

that very day in which the advercifement catne to him^towards 
the Devizes ; fo that the Marquis and the Prince coming to 
Oxford on the M$nday morning, the Lord Wilmot^ that night, 
moved towards the work ^ and Prince Maurice returning with 
him as a Volunder, but the Lord Wiimot Commanding in 
Chief, appear'd, on the WeJmefday about noon^ upon the plain 
within two Miles of the Town. 

The Lord Wdmot had with him fifteen hundred Horfe, and 
no more, and two fmali Field-pieces, which he ihot ofi'to give 
the Town notice of his coming ; having it in his hopes, that^ 
it being a fair Campagne about the Town, when the fuiemy 
fliould rife from before it, he Ihould be able in fpi^ht of them 
to joyn with the Foot, and fo to have a fair Field for it; 
which would be ftill difadvantageous enough^ the Enemy be* 
ing Superior by much in Horfe, very few of'^thofe, who had 
broken away from the Devizes (except the Prince himfelf^ 
the Earl of Carnarvouj and fome other Officers) being como 
up with them, becaufe they were tired, and difperfed. The 
Enemy, careful to prevent the joyning of this Party of Horfe 
with the Foot^ and fully advertifed of their coming, drew ofi^ 
on all parts, from the Town ; and put themfelves in Battalm 
upon tne top of a fair Hill, called Roundw^i^'DGwny over 
which the King's Forces were necefTarily to march, being 
foil two Miles off* the Town ^ they within conceived it hardlj 
poflible, that the reUef, they expeSted from Oxfardj could fo 
foon arrive; all the MeQengers, who were fentto give no* 
tice of it, having mifcarried by the clofenefs of the Siege ; and 
therefore fufpedted the warning Pieces from the Plain, and 
the drawing off* the Town by the Enemy, to be a Stratagem to 
coufen the Foot from thote Pofls they defended, into the 
open Field y and fo, very reafonably, oeing in readinefs to 
march> they waited a furer Evidence, that their Friends were 
at hand y which Ihortly arrived; and affur'd them, «^ That the 
<< Prince was near and expedted them. 

I T will be eafily conceived, with what alacrity they ad- 
vanced to meet him ; but Sr Wiliidm Wklkr had purpofely 
chofe that ground to hinder that conjundijon, and advanced 
(o fait on the Lord IVilmoty that without fuch removes, and 
tra verfes, as might give his Men fome apprehenGon, that Lord % 

couW not exped: the 'Foot from the Town ; and therefore he 
put his Troops in order upon that ground to expefl: the £ne« 
mies Charge, who were fomewhat more than Mufijuet^Ihot 
off in order of Battle. 

Here Sr U^iam Waller^ out of pure Gayety, departed 
from an advantage he could not again recover; for being in 
excellent order of Battle, with ftrong win^ of Horfe to his 
Foot, tmd a good Referve placed, and his Cannon ufefiUIy 


apo TheUtftory Book VII. 

planted, apprehending ftill the conjunftion between the Horfe 

and the Foot in the Town, and gratifying his Enemy with the 

fame contempt, which had fo otcen brought inconvenicncies 

upon them, and diiceming their number Inferior to that he 

had before (as he thought) mafter'd, he marched, with his 

whole Body of Horfe, from his Foot, to Charge the Enemy; 

appointing Sr Arthur Haflertg with his Cuirafliers apart, to 

make the firft impreffion ; who was encountered by S' John 

Byron^ in whofe Regiment the Earl of Carnarvon Charg'd as 

a Voluntier; and after a fliarp Conflidt, in \<rhich Sr Arthur 

Hajlerig received many wounds, that impenetrable Regiment 

was Routed, and, in a full Career, chafed upon their other 

Horfe. At the fame time, the Lord Wilmot Charging them 

from divifion to divifion, as they were ranged, in half an 

hour, fo fiiddain Alterations the accidents of War introduce. 

The Bdttie the whoIc entire Body of the Triumphant Horfe were fo to- 

cf Round- ttllv Routed, and Difoerfed, that there was not one of them 

Zk^einSr ?^ ^^ '^^^ "P^*^ ^^^ ^^S^ fpacious Down ; every Man fhifc- 

willam . i^g for himfelf with greater danger by the Precipices of that 

Waller ii Hill, than he could have undergone by oppofmg his purfuer; 

Xwted, But as it was an imhappy ground to fly, fo it was as ill for the 

{>urfuer; and after the Rout, more perilh'd by fall and bruifes 
rom their Horfes, down the Precipices, than by the Sword. 
The Foot flood ftill firm,making (hew of a gallant ReGftance ; 
but the Lord Wilmot quickly feifed their Canon, and turn'd 
them upon them, at the fame time that the Cornf/h Foot, who 
were by this come from the Town, were ready likewife to 
Charge them; upon which their hearts failed i and fo they 
were Charged on all fides, and either kill'd, or taken Pri- 
foners, very few efcaping; the comijb retaining toofrelh a 
Memory of their late diftreflfes, and revenging themfelves on 
thofe who had contributed thereunto. Sr William Waller him- 
felf, with a fmall Train, fled into Briftol, which had facri- 
ficed a great part of their Garrifon in his Defeat ; and fo were 
even ready to expire at his entry into the Town, himfelf bring- 
ingthe firft news of his difafter. 

This glorious day, for it was a day of Triumph, redecm'd 
for that time the King's whole Affairs, fo that all Clouds that 
ihadow'd them feem'd to be difpell'd, and a bright light of 
fucceft to ftiine over the whole Kingdom. There were in 
this Battle (lain, on the Enemies part, above fix hundred on 
the place; nine hundred Prifoners taken, befides two or three 
hundred retaken and redeem'd whom they had gatheied up 
in the Skirmifhes, and purfuit ; with all their Canon, being 
eight Pieces of Brafs Ordnance ; all their Arms, Ammuni- 
tion, Wagons, Bag^e, and Viftual; eight and twenty Foot 
Enfigns, and nine Cornets j and all this by a Party of fifteen 


Of the Rehellion^ &c. 191 

hundred Horfe, with two fmall Field-pieces (for the Viflory 
was perfedl, upon the matter, before the comilhcsxcit up^ 
though the Enemies Foot were fuffer'd to ftand in a Body un- 
charged, out of ceremony^ till They came^ that thev might 
be rehreih'd with, a ihare in the Conquefl ) againft a Body of 
full two thoufand Horfe, five hundred Dragoons, and near 
three thoufand Foot, with an excellent Train of Artillery, 
So that the Cor»j/h had great reafon to think their deliverance, 
and Vidory at Roundwayy more fignaland wonderfuU than 
the oihtx ^lStr4iiton^ fiive that the firft might be thought the 
Parent of the latter, and the lofs on the King's Party was lefs; 
for in This there was (lain very few ^ and, of Name, none 
but Dudley Smithy an honeit and Valiant young Gentleman ; 
who was always a Voluntier . with the Lord Wilmoty and 
amongft the firil upon any Adion of danger. 

Besides the prefent fruit of this Viflory, the King re- 
ceive an advantage from thejealoufy, that, from thence, 
grew among the Officers of the Parliament Armies. For Sr 
William Waller heYiQv^d himfelf to be.abfolutcly betrayed, and 
facrificed by the Earl of EjpXy out of envy of the great things 
he had done, which feemM to eclipfe His Glories^ and com- 
plained ** That he lying with his whole Army within ten 
*' miles of Oxford^ Qiould fuffer the Chief flrength of that place 
*^ to march thirty miles to dcftroy him, without fo much as 
*^ fending out a Party to follow them, or to Alarm Oxford^ 
^^ by which they would have been probably recalled. On the 
other hand, the Earl, difdaining to be thought his Rival, re- 
proached the other with " Unfoldierly negledts, and want of 
<^ Courage, to be beaten by a handful of Men, and to have 
^^deferted his Foot and Canon, without engaging his own ^ 
" Perfon in, one Charge againft the Enemy. Wherever the ' 
fault was, it was never forgiven ; but from the Enmity that 
proceeded from thence , the King often afterwards reaped 
very notable, and feafonable advantages j which will be re- 
roembcr'd in their places. 

This blefled Defeat happen'd to be upon the fame day, 
and upon the fame time of tne day, when the King met the 
Queen upon the Field near Keinton^ under Edge^hilly where 
the Battle had been fought in OBober before; and before 
their Majelties came to Oxford^ they receiv'd the happy news 
of it. It is eafy to imagine the joy with which it was re«' 
ceived, all Men raifing their fallen Spirits to too great a height, 
as though they fliould now go through all the work without 
farther oppontion ; and this tranfport to either extremes wa$ 
too natural upon all the Viciifitudes of the War; and it was 
fome allay to the welcome news of the Victory to ibme Men, 
that it had been obtain'd under the Command and Condud: 


i9i The Hiliory Book VIL 

of WihMi\ who was verj much in Prince Rupert's difefteensy 
and not in any notable degree of favour with the King, but 
much beiov'd by all the good fellowfhip of the Army j which 
was too great a Body, it was now time for the Kii^s Ar- 
my, Victorious in k> nntny Encounters, to take the Field : 
upon What Enterprife, was the Queftion. This overrfirow 
iaWalhr had infinitely furprifed, and encreafed the diftra- 
diions at Lfmdtm. They had feen the Copy of the Warrants, 
which his vani|fy had caufed to be difperfed, after the A<3ion 
at Lanfikwny in which he declared, ^^That he hs^d Routed the 
^ Marquis's Army, and was in purfuit of them; and there- 
tofore Commanded the Jultices of Peace, and ConftaWes, to 
•Ogive order for the apprchcnfion of them, as th^fled jdii^ 
«* perftd J and expedted every day, that the Marquis would 
be fent up Prifoner ; and now to hear that his whole invinci* 
ble Army was defeated, and himfelf (led, upon the matter, 
alone ( for ill news is for the moft part made worfe, as the 
beft is reported to be better than it is ) brought them to their 
Wits etid ; fo that they could little advance tne recruiting the 
Earl of Effix his y\rmy ; who in his Perfon likewife grew more 
' fuUen towards them, and refented their little regard of him, 
and grew every day more converfant with the Earis oi North* 
ftmhrlamiznd I^iUnd^ and others who were moft weary of 
the War, and would be glad of Peace upon eafy terms. 
^ K?>,ff The King's Army received a fair addition, by the con- 
*^mnLr j"^"'"^ with thofe Forces which attended the Oueen^ for 
^fnamT *^^ Majefty brought with her above two thoufend r oot, well 
jheeommx Arm'd, and one thoufand Horfe, and fix pieces of Canon, 
•i/feA^rwf and two Mortars, and about one hundred Wagons. 5o that* 
Rtemn. ^g ^^j^ ^s their Majeftics came to Oxford^ the Earl of EJfex^ 
who had fpent his time about ThamCy and Aylesbury ^ without 
any Adtion after that Skirmifh in which M^ Hambden was (lain, 
fave by fmall Parties of which there was none of Name, or 
Note, but one handfome fmart conflidl between a Party of 
five hundred Horfe and Dragoons, Commanded by Colonel 
Middletmy a 5fo/f^man, on the Parliament Party, and a Re- 
giment of Horfe, Commanded by Sr Charles LucaSy on the 
King's y where, after a very Soldierly conteft, and more blood 
drawn than was ufiial upon fuch Aduons, the King's Party pre- 
vailed, returning with fome Prifoners of Name, and the 
flaughcer of one hundred of the Enemy, not without fome 
The Edti of loft of (heir own: The Earl, I fay, retired with his Army 
tiwfrlm ^'^^"? and dilhearten'd to Uxbridge^ giving over any thought 
Thainc of fighting with the King, till he (hould be recruited, with 
mith his Horfe, Nfen, and Money ; and fliffering no le(s in the calk of 
^"^^.V the People ( who began to adiime a »eat freedom in difcourfe) 
uxbridgc. £^ jj^j interpo(ing to hinder the Queeir's march to Oxford, 


Ofthekehellion^ &c. ipij 

and joyning with the King, than for fitting ftill to near Ox- 
firdj whilft the Lord HHlmot went from thence to the ruin of 
S' miliam Waller. 

After which Defeat the Lxird H^lmot retired to Oxford 
to attend his Majcfty j and the Comijh Army (for that name 
it defervedly kept ftilL though it receiv'd fo good an encreaie 
by the Marquis, and Prince's joynine with them^ drew back, 
and poflcfs'd themfelves of Bath^ which was foon quitted to 
them, upon the overthrow of Waller*^ that Garrifon being 
withdrawn to reinforce Brifial. At Bath they refted, and re- 
frelh'd themfelves, till they might receive new Orders from 
the King; who, upon full advice, and confideration of the 
State he was in, and the broken condition of the Enemy, re- 
folv'd to HMike an attempt upon the City of Brifioh to which 
Prince Buftrt was mod inclined, for his being difaopointed^ 
in a former defign ; and where there were many well affedted 
to the King's Service from the beginning, and more fince the 
execution of thofe two eminent Citizens. And the difcfteem 
generally had of the Courage of Nathaniel Fiennesy the Go^ 
vernour, made the defign to be thought the more reafenable j, 
fo the Marquis, and Prince JMaurke returned to Bath^ upoa 
agreement to appear, on fuch a day, with their whole itrength 
before Brifioly on tjhe Somerfet[hire fide, when Prince Bufert 
with the o^rd Forces would appear before it, on the Glo- 
cefier'Jhire fide. 

O N the four and twentieth of ^uly.^ both Armies fat down Briftol fi#« 
before it; Quartering their Horfe in that manner, that noxi^peg'd ky ^ 
could go out or in to the City, without great hazard of being^'*'^"'f ^"^ 
taken ; and the fame day with the aflSftance of fome Seamen, ^^ ' 
who wei^e prepared before, they feifed all the Ships that were 
in King-road 'y whidi were not only laden with goods of great 
value, as Plate, Money, and the bed fort of all Commodi* 
ties, which thofe who fufpeflicd the worft had fent aboard^ 
but with many Perfons of Quality ; who, being unwilling to 
run the hazard of a Siege, thought that way to have (ecured 
themfelves, and to haveeicaped to London i and fo were alt 
taken Prifoners. The next day. Prince Bupert came to his 
Brother, and theMarqtiis, and a general Council of df the 
principal Officers of both Armies being aflembled, it was De< 
bated, <<In what Manner, they fhould proceed, by Aflault or 
*< Approach. 

There were in the Town five and twenty hundred Foot, 
and a Regiment of Horfe and Dragoons; the line about the 
Town was finiih'd; yet in fome places the graiSF was wider, 
and deeper than in others. The Caftle within the Town was 
very well prepared, and fupplied with great ftore of Provi- 
fions to endure a Siege. The opmions were feveral : The Of- 


X94- The Htftory Book VII. 

ficers of the Cornijh were of opinion, " That it was beft to pro- 
*«ceed by way of Approach ; becaufe, the ground being very 
" good, it would in a very (hort time be done y and fmce there 
^ was no Army of the Enemy in a poffibility to relieve it, the 
^^fecureft way would be the bert^ whereas the Works were 
*^fo good, that they mutt expedl to lofe very many Men; 
"and, if they were beaten oft^ all their Summer hopes would 
<' be deftroyed ; it not being eafy, again to make up the fpi- 
*« rit of the Army for a new Adtion. Befides, they alled^d^ 
^ the well affected Party in the City, which was believ'd to 
"be very great, would after they had been clofely BeCieged 
" three or four days, have a greater influence upon the §)l- 
" dier, and be able to do more towards the Surrender, than 
** they could upon a Storm ; when they would be equally fen- 
"fible of the diforder of the Soldier, and their own damage 
"by plunder, as the other; and the too late example of the 
" executed Citizens, would keep Men from oflfering at any; 
<« infurredlion in the City. 

On the other hand, rrince Rupert^ and all the Officers of 
His Argiy very earneftly delir'd to Affault it; alledg*d, « The 
"Work to be eafy, and the Soldiers fitter for any brisk at- 
" tempt, thai^ a dull patient defign; and that the Army would 
" be tnore weakened by the latter, than the former : that the 
"City, not having yet recover'd the confternation of Sr jf^U 
" Ham Waller's Defeat, was fo full of horror, that it would make 
. " a very weak Defence : that there was no Soldier of expe- 
" rience in the Town, and the Governour himfelf not like to" 
" endure the terror of a Storm : whereas, if they gave fliem 
" time to confider, and to look long upon them with a Wall 
" between, they would grow confirm'd, and refolute, and cou- 
*^ rage would fupply the place of skill ^ and having plenty of all 
" kinds of Frovilions within the Town , they would grow 
"ftrong, and peremptory, whilft the Befiegers grew lefs vigo- 
" rous, and dilliearten'd. Thefc reafons, and the Prince's im- 
portunity, with fome infinuations of knowing more than was 
fit to be fpoken, as if fomewhat would be done within the 
Town, that muft not be mentioned, and a glorious contempt 
of danger, prevailed fo far, that it was confented to, on all 
parts, to Aflault the Town the next morning at three places oq 
the Somerfet-Jhire fide, and at three places on the Glocefier-jhtrt 
fide, at the break of day. The truth is, both opinions, with 
regard to their different circumftances, were in themfelves rea- 
fonable : for the Ghcefier-Jhire fide, where Prince Rupert was, 
might be ftorm'd, the graflf' being (hallow, and the Wall, in 
fom^ places, low, and weak^ which could not beeafily Ap- 

Eroach'd, by reafon the ground was rocky, and the Redoubts 
igh ^nd very ftroog, which overlook-d the grousid ; on the 


Of the Rehellioh\ 8cc. lyy 

other fide, the ground was very eaiy to Approach, and as iit- 
convcnient, and dangerous to' Storm, by i-eafon of a plain le- 
vel before ^he Line, i^nd^d broad and deep grafi^ and the line ' 
throughout, better flank^r'd than the other. 

The next Morning, with little other Pro vifions fit for fuchf* 
a. Work, than the Courage of the Aflailants, both Armies fell 
on. Oii the Weft Cide^ ^here the corns/h^ere^ they aflaulfed 
the Lilie in three places ; one divifion led by S^ 'Nicholas Sldh^ 
ning^ affifted with Colonel Jbhn Trevannion^ Lieutenant Co- 
lonel stings by ^ and three more Field Officers ; too great a ilum- 
berof fiich Officers to coadud: fo fmall a Party as five hun-' 
dred Men, if there had not been an immoderate difdain 6f 
danger, and appetite of glory : Another divifion j on the right 
handi was led by Coldnei BucH^ aflifted by Colonel Wagfiaffe^ 
Colbnel Bernard v^/?y, Who commanded the Regiment or 
the Lord Marquis Hertford^ with other Field Officers : And' 
the third divifion, on the left hand, led by S^ Thomas Bajpt^ 
who wad Major General of the Cornijh. Thefe three divifi- 
onsfell on together with; that Courage, and ^efolution, a^ 
nothing but death could controul j and though the middle di-' 
vjfion gdt into the gtafi^ and fb near filled it, that fomembunt- 
ed'the Wallj yet by the prodigious difadvantage of the ground, 
and the full defence the Befieged made within, they were dri-' 
ven back with agreatflaiighter; the Common Soldiers, after 
their Chief Officers were killVl, or defperately wounded, find- 
ing it a bootlefs attempt, - . 

Oi>i Prince ll»pfrrs fide, it was AflMted with equal Cou- 
rage, and almoft equal lofsj but with better fuccefs; for though" ' 
that divifion led dnbV the \^xiiGrandifini, Colonel Gene-' 
ral of the Foot, was beaten off^ the Lord Grandifon himfelf 
being hurt; and the Othc?r, led by Colonel BeVafis^ likewife' 
had no better fortune; yet Colonel Waflsingten^ withaldS 
Party, finding a place in' the Curtain ( between the places Af- 
faulted by the other tWd }- Weaker than the reft, entered, and 
quickly made room for the Horfe to follow. '> The Enemyj 
as foon ks^they faw the tirie.enter'd in bne |)lace, either Out 
of fear,; br^ by Command o^' their Officers, quit their Pofts;' 
fo that %\^ Priilce entered with- his Foot and Horfeinto thtf' 
Subui'bs ; fending for ^ne thbufand of the Cornifl^ Foot, Which 
were prefehtly fentto fecond him ; and marched up to Frome^ 
gatSy lofing many Men, arid fome very good Offic^ers,- by (hot 
from the' Walls, and Windows; infomach as all Men were 
miich ctfft down to fee>fc?ilittkf gotten with fo gf eat a iofs ; for ' 
riiey had ftill a rnorit difficult Entrance into the' Town, tharf ' 
they had yet pafled, and- where their Horle could be of tier = 
ufe to them ; when, f o the exceeding comfort of Geijerals, arid' 
Soldi€r% the Gtybtat-a'Partey^ which the Prfnce willingly 

Vol.U. Parti. U embracing^ 

t^ . Tbemji^ry Book VII, 

eflobr«dag tod getting their Hoftigi^ mto his hands, ienc 
Colonel Gerhard and ano^r Oiftcier .to the Coverofdur to 
Trf3it, The Treaty b^aa about two <9f the Clock in this af* 
cernoon, and, beifore tm at night, cbcfc Articles were agreed 
<^ md (%n'd by all Parties. 

jtisSur^ I. «Xi^4T the GovernotiT, JMff^y^/ Fknnet^ together 
'''^.'^'*^ with all the Officers both of Horfcawi Foot, npw within, 
7ui.' ^ ^^ ^'^^t *P City of Bfift^ly Caftlc, and Forts, niay march 
<(<Hit to oaorrow morning by nine of {be Ciocl^ with their 
^j6iU Anp$ 9 Bag and Btt|^e 9 provided it be their 01m 
^ Ooods : And that the Coixmofi^ Foot r^ldiers naafCh gut 
^without Arms, and the TroopefS with. their Horfes, and 
^ Swprds, leaving their other Ar<hs behind them, with a fide. 
^ Convoy to JVarmiflfr ; and after not to be molefted in their 
^ March, by any of the King's Forces, for the (pace of throe 

a. << T H A T there may be Carriages allowed and p-qvided 
^ to carry awi^ their Bag and Baggage, and fick and nurt Sol- 
** ^ers. 

^. ^ Th A T the King's Forces march not into the Town, 
<<till the Parliament Forces are noarcb'd out; which is to be 
^ at nine of the Clock. 

±. "That all Prifoners in the Qty be deliver*d up ; and 
^ cnat Qq>tain Eytrsj and Captain cmwh who weretalgen at 
**the Devrzes^ be releafed. 

5. <* That S^ John H9mer^S^ 'Mm Seymour y M*" Eimard 
^ S$9V0nsy and all other Knights, Gentlemen , Citizens and 
^ ooher Perfons, chat are now in the City, may, if they pleai^ 
^ with their Goods, Wives, and Familie^ Bag and Baggage^ 
^ have free liberty to return to their own homes, or elfe where, 
^ and there to reft in fafety, or ride, and travel with the Qo- 
^ vernour and Forces : and fuch of tiiem, and their Fami- 
ne iiesy as Ihall be left behind, by reaibn or ficknefs or other 
^ caufe^ may have liberty, fo foon as they can convqniendy, 
^ to depart this Town with fafety ; provided that all Gentle- 
^ men, and other Perfons, ihall have three days liberty to x^ 
^ fide here, or depart with their Goods, which they pleafe. 

d. **That all the Inhabitants of the City (hall be fccu- 
^ red in their Perfons, Families, and Fftates, free from piuo* 
^iiering, and all other violence, or wrong whatlbever. 

7. "That the Charters, and Liberties of this Cityma^ 
^ be preferv'd : and that the Ancient Government thereof, 
^and prefent Govemours, and Officers, may remain wA con- 
^tinue in their former condition, accordingto hisMajefty's 
^ Charters, and Pleafiire. 

8. ^THATfforawkiinglocofiveQiaMQiflllUNiDiftraAioas, 

. «thc 

1^ die quartering of Soldiers be referred or kft to the Majfcv, 
v^flnd Govemour of the ftme City for the time being. 

Ow ^Th AT all fiio^ as have oatried any Goods into €te 
^'Gaftle may bkrt free liberty co carry the hmt forth. 

lo. ^That die Foroes^ that are to in9rdioiit,akiKf to leave 
^Hie^ndthem all Gmon.^ and Amnoumtioii^ m^ their Go^ 
^ioiits^ and fuch Anxs asis before eiprefs'd. 

: Thb next fkiomiog^ (if not before) for the truth is, from 
dse tiipe that the Treaty was iA ofiePd, they in the Town 
kept no Guards^ nor ohiery'd any order ^ but their Soldiera 
nmiway to the Prince^ and many of His SokiieiB went into 
the Town) his Hig^oefe Was podelsM of brifibi^ the iBjotttif 
;then marching away. Here the tU example of ReaMvgy in 
the breach of the Attjclei, was remembered, a^ unhappily 
followed ^ for all chat Garrifoo was now here. So that they^ 
with fome Colour of right, or retaliation, and the reft, by 
Their example, uied great LicenCe to the Soldiers, who (boula 
have been llafely conduced; which reflected much upon the 
i^ino^,' chough he ufed his mmoft power tofupprels it^ and 
changed Colonel Fiifmn to be acceiSu-y co his own wrong, by 
marchiag out of the Town an hour before his ap{>oincnicnt^ 
and thereby his Convoy was not ready;, and at another Qatft 
-than was appointed and agreed on. Anid as tfae^Artides wercl 
thus unhappily violated to tbofe who went atray, fo they we^ 
HOC enough obferv'd to thoie who ftayed, and to the City It 
feif : for many of Colonel Fiennes's Soldiers caking condidooi, 
and entering with the King's Army, inftru&ed their neW 
Friends, Who were moft dii^fedied ; 10 that one whde Stre^ 
upon the Bridge, the Inhabitants whereof lay under foode 
brand of MaUgnity,. though, no doubt, there were many hcM 
neft Men among them, was almoft totally plundered; whidu 
becaufe there was biic little Juftice done upon the Trant 
igreObrs, was believ'd to be done by connivance from the 0£- 
ficdns, and more difcredited the King's Forces, and his Caufe^ 
than was then taken notice of, or difcoverU It was a BoUe 
actribuce given to the brave piirkms^ ®u$ sti^md ejji cftiirwt 
i/y Ml hofi9m nefm. I wiili I could exculethofe fwervings from 
Juftice, and Right, which were too frequendy praditifed agaibft 
Contradh, umler the notion, that they, with whom they 
were made, were Rebels, and coukl not be too ill ufod j 
when , as Che caufe deferv'd, fo it needed all the ingencnt^, 
^md int^ity, in the Propugners of it, to keep defpair from 
the Guilty, who were by much coo numerous for the Inno« 

Th is redu(3;ion of Btifi^l was a full tide of profperitv td 
the 16jBD%n and made him Mafter of thefesood City ot hii 

Ua Kipg« 

198 The Hiftcrf Book VII. 

. Kingdom^ and ^ve him the uhdifturb'd podeflion of- one df 
the richelt Counties of the Kingdom (for the Rebels had no^ 
no ftanding Garrifon, or the leaft viiible influence upon^ny 
part of Somtrfet-Jbin) and render'd Wmlis (which was before 
well afiiftedj except ksasit Towns in F9mh'9ke-fl)ire) moreAife- 
ful to him^ being treed of the fear of fir^^/, and confeqnendjr 
of the charge, that alwavs attends thoiis fears; and reA>red 
to the Trade with Brffiifl^ which was the greateft fupport of 
thofe piarts. Yet the King might very well have faid, what 
King P^rriiwr heretofore did, after his fecond Battle^ : by tht 
City ok jifiulum^ with the Romsmsy where he won the Vi- 
dory 5 ** If We win another at this. Price, We are utterly un- 
^done. And truly his Majefty's Lofs bdbre this Town, was 
ineftimable, and very hard to be repaired. I am perfwaded 
'there were Oain, upon the feveral Af&uits, of Common Men, 
but fuch as were tried and incomparable Foot, about £ve hua* 
dred^ and abundance of excellent Officers, whereof many were 
of prime Command, and Quality. 

On the cornijb fide, fellTBefides Major Kendally and many 
'Other Inferior* Officers, excellent in dieir degree; Colonel 
Bmky a modeft and a (tout Commander, and of good- expe- 
rience in W^ ; who having got over the Graf}^ and ev^en to 
ihe top of the Wall^ was knocked down 'with a Halbert, and 
perifli'd in tbe.Grafi: Sr Nicholas Sldunrntgy and Colonel yoAn 
TMvanuitmy the Life and Soul of the Cornijb Regiment, whofe 
Memories can never be enough celebrated ; who being led 
by no impulfion, butof Confcience, and their own obferva- 
tion of the ill praxftices and deiigns of the great Conductors 
(for they both were of the Houfe of Commons) engaged 
themfelves with the firft in the oppoiition^ and as foon as 
Sr Ralph Hoptony and thofe other Gentlemen came into Corur 
.waly joyn'd with them; and being both pf fmjular Reputation, 
and good. Fortunes there, the one in Pofiemon, the other in 
Reverfion afiicr his Father, they engaged their Perfbns and 
/Eitates in the Service^ rather doing great things, than afie(2> 
^ ing that it taken notice of to be done by them ; ap- 
plying themfelves to all Infirmities, and condefcending to ail 
:Capacities, for removing all obitrudtions, which accidentally 
ar()fe among thofe, who could only profpe^r by being of one 
■mind. ^ NithoiasSlanning wasGovernour oiPendennis Ca- 
ftle, upon thectedit and fecurity whereof, the King's Farty in 
that Country firft depended, and by: the Command it had of 
ithe H2jbo\j^'tii FaJmonthy was, or might be, fupplied with all 
-that was neceflary. He. was indeed a young Man of admirable 
Farts, a Iharp and difcerning Wit, a Itayed and folid Judg- 
ement, a gentle and moll obliging Behaviour, and a Courage 
fo clear .ali(i>dseffi3, as, even without the other ornaments , 


Of the Rehellion^ &c. 199 

would have render'd him very confiderable : They were both 
young, neither of them above eight and twenty, of entire 
ff iendihip to one another, and to Sr Bivil GreenvilyVihoit body 
was not yet buried ^ they were both hurt aloQft in the fame 
\ minpte, and in the fame place ^ both fliot in the thigh with: 
MuTquet 13ullets ; their bones broken, the one dying pre* 
fencly, the other fome few days after; and both had the 
Royal faaifice of their Soveraign's very particular Sorrow, and 
the concurrence qf all good Mens ; and, that which is a greater: 
ibleronity to their memories, as it fares with molt great and 
virtuous Men, whpfe lofs is better underilood long afterwards, 
they were as often lamented, as the accidents in the publick 
ASairs made the Courage, and Fidelity of the Cprnijb of greatr. 
eft (ignification to the Caufe. 

On the North fide, of Prince Ruperfs. Army ^ fell verjt 
piany- good Officers, the chief of whom was Colonel Harry 
Luusfirdy an Officer of epctraordinary Sobriety, Induftry, and 
Courage ; near whom, his excellent Lieutenant Colonel /licy/e 
was likewife hurc^ .apd died within few days, both fliot out- 
of a Wjindow after they had entered the Suk^urbs. There 
were, hurt, the Lord Vifcount Grandifin^ Nephew to the Great 
Duke of Bfickingbawy who was Colonel General of the King's 
Foot; Colonel John Beiiafisy fince Lord; Belhfis'^ Colonel 
Bernard j^floley '^ Colonel .^"^ John Oweny and ipany other 
Oflf^ccfs of name, of whon^i none of Quality died of theic 
wouiKis but the Lord Gr4r;f<9/{/^ ; whole. Ipfscan never be; 
enough lamented. Hie.V'as^a young Man: of fo virtuous a ha* 
bit of mind, that no^ temptation or provocatiotxcoi^ld corrupt 
him^ fo great a Lov.erpf Juftice, and integrity, that no exr 
ample, necef^tyy or even the barbarity of this War, could 
make him fwerve. firpm the moft.preciiq.Ruks of it j and of 
that rare Piety and Pevotiqn, thap the Coyrt, or Camp, could 
notflievif a more feultlefs Pprfon, or tp' whpifp example young 
Men-migiht more ypaibnabLy conform themfelvcs. His Per-r 
fonal Valour, and Courage :pf ^11 kinds* ( for he had fpmc^ 
times indulged fo rpuch tq the Corrupt opinion of Honour, as 
to venture himfelf in Duclp)was very erninent, inlbmuch as 
^ewasaccufedof .lxing;too Prodigal of his Perfon^ his Aflfe^ 
dtiony and Zeal,:-dnd Obedience to the King, was iiich ashje^ 
carpe a branch of that i^amily. And he was wont to fay, 
"Thatif hehad npt.undcritanding enough to know the up- 
*' riehtnefs of the Caufe, npr Loyalty* enough to inform him 
"oTtheDuty of a Subj^dt,.yjBt the very obligations of Grar 
" titudeto the King, ,on the behalf of his Houfe, were fuch, 
^^as his Life, was but a. due Sacrifice 5. and therefore, he no 
fopnerfaw the War^uinaVQidable^ thaji he engaged all his Brer: 
t(iren,afi well as himfi^iftn^'tbe i^rvice ; -aa4.' there were thcix 
. • ,; .:""'' '*" ' CJ 3 three 

three mere of tkcta in Gominan^ in the Army, where he wa0 
fe unfortunately cut ofF. 
. A s s DO K as the news of the taking dl Bfifi^l canie to the 
King at Oxfirdy after a (biemn Than|%|ivirM; to God fbr the 
Succefi, which was itnmediately and pobiickly perlbrm^d^ his 
Majeftv aflerobied his R'ivy Council, to contider how cfai* 
fircat Bleflini^ in Wair, niight be appl^d to the procuring o^ 
Sappy Peace ^ and tha; this might be th6laft Town he Ihooild 
purchafe at the price of Blood. It was evident, that, as this 
Ml Vidor^ added gf ea& luftre, aad beauty to the whole face 
i^his Affiurs, fb k would produce an equal paleneis, and be 
an ominous prefi^eto theFarliament; where thejeatoufies* 
and Af^rebenfioBS between themfelvtB^ IMU grew higher, and 
new remedies ftill propofed, which were generally thought 
Worfe than the difea(e. 

Up OK the news of the Lord Vairfkx^s being Defeated i» 
the North, which came about this time, they rcidv'd to fend 
JJ* !»• a Committee of the twa Houfes inco Sc^ianJy <^ To de(ire' 
22'^[!^^ ^their Brethren, of riiat Kingdom prefimtly to advance withi 
fitntrt inf ^ an Armv for their Relief^ which was thought fo desperate 
Scotland a Cure, that the Lords naming the Earl of Hutlandy and Lorj 
fw relief, Qf^ of j^^rkey for that Embafi^, the Earl upon indifpofitioa 
of Health procured ft releafe^ and the other, who had neveiF 
declined any einployment they would cc»ifer on him, foper^ 
emptorily refoftd to meddle in it*, tiMlf he was committed to 
the Tower ; and in the enc^ they were compelled to depute 
only Commoners to that Service : and fo S^ William yirfhyne^ 
young St Hswj Vaney and two more, alBfted with Mr Mar^ 
j&if//and Mr X^y*, two of their powerfiil Clergy, were em- 
barked in that Negotiation ; upon v^ich, they who fent them, 
were {o far from being confio^t, and fe little facisfied, thac 
•hey ihould be driven to bring in Forreigin Forces, with the 
purpofe whereof they' had fo long traduced the King, that 
there was, fome few defperate Perfons, only excepted, even a 
imiverfid defire of Peace ^ and theEarl of E^j^rnimfelf writ- 
ing to the Speaker of the Houfe of Commons, of the defc£te 
in bis Army, and of his wants of Horfe, Men and Money^ 
advifcd, "That they would' think of fendti^ fome rtafonabie 
<^ Propofitions to the King, for the procuring a Safe Peace j 
which being the firft intimation, he had* ever given to that 
purpofe, together with his femiKarity, ^d correfpondence 
with thofe Lords, who were known paflionately to cj^ire aii 
accommodation, gave them fid apprehenfions^ which were 
fencreafed by fome fevere MelBges they received from him, 
for his Vindication from the foul Afperfiens, and Calumnies^ 
ivhich were generally and pubUckly laid on him, for his un- 
a^vity after the iHnniog wmA^, whilft ete Queen marched 


Of the Rehellion^ &c. got 

fecurely to Oxfird^ tnd S"* IFIlUam Watter was deflroy'd; as if 
^He would think of fbtae wajof righcing Himfelf, ifThejr 
^ were not feofible oa His behalf. 

How to work upon thefe diicompofed humours, and to 
reduce them to fucn temper, that they might confent to the 
Kingdoms Peac^ was the Argument of the Kmg's confultft- 
tions : but by what expedient to promote this, was the diffi- 
culty. After the breach of the laft Treaty, and when the 
King had in vain laboured to revive it, and could not procure 
any Anfwer from Aerb to his ?aft MeC^es : but inftead there- 
of his Meflengcr imprifon'd, Try'd before a Council of Wat 
for his Lifej and ftiil in cuftody, and a Declaration, « That 
** whofoevcr ihouki be empldy'd by his Majefty, on any Met 
*^fige to them, without their leave, fliould be proceeded 
^agaiuft as a Spy (fo diat though they pretended to be his 
great Council, they upon the inatter now protefted againft 
any rehktion to his Majefty) headvifed with his CounciK 
" what might be fit for him to do, to leffen thtf Reverent* 
** and Reputation of them with the People :. for the fuperfti- 
tion towards the name of a ParHamenc was fo ge^ieraf , that 
the King had wifely forborh to charge the two Houfes with 
the Treaibn, and KebelHon which was raifed , but imputed 
it to particular Perfons, who were mofi vihbly and aoually 
engaged in it. Some were of opinion, "That, all the Mem- 
•* bers who ftay^ ther^, aftd fete in eitnei? Houfe, being guilty 
•^ of fo many Treafonable Ads, thereby th^ Parliament #as 
**adaaDy diflblv'd , by the fame reafon , as a Corporation, . . 
^hf great Mifdemeanour and Crnne, might forfeit their 
^•Cnarter; and therefore that the Kirig (hc^d, by his Ph> 
^damatioii, dechtre the diflbluttoii of it,^ and then cbnfider 
*• whether it were fit to call another : but this opinion was 
gbneraUy difliked, both <' Becaufe it was* conceiv'd not to be " 
Sjuft; ror theTreafott of thofe who wefepi^nt. Could not 
«* forfeit the right of thofe who were awfay; neither was it 
•^evident, that all that were prefcnt, confented to the iU that 
^ wa(s done^ aild the King's declaring a ParHameiit to be dif^ 
«(blv*d, contrary to an kSt of Paniament, was^ belieVd, 
« Would pro^^ an AS fo ungracious to thePeople^ for the con- 

* fequences of it, that the King' would be an exceeding lofcr 
«^by fuch an attempt; and that mary, in fuch a cafe. Would 
^ return thither, who out of Confcience had withdrawn firom 
•« that Aflembly. 

i N Conclufion, the advice was unanimous, « That his Ma-^ 
^]t^^ fhould dechure the Orders, and Pr0ccijdings of one or 
« botn Houfes to be void, by reafoc^* the Members did not 

* enjoy the Freedom and Liberty of Parliament^ and there- 

« foit Qsiixiif rexjairc hi» (podSid^ 

<" • \j ^ «by 

%Q% The Hifim^ : Book VIL 

f^ by them ; a^id, to that purpofe, the King had iflued his Pro^ 
clamation fix Weeks before thi$ happy turn in his Affiurs, b 
that he could not now fend a Mc^ them, as to two 
Houfes pfM^^liament, left he migik.leem to.retr^dt.his for- 
mer Judgment of them, which was concluded to b^ both re- 
j^iar and juft., Upon the w^ple matter, left his Majeily 
might be underftood to be fo n^uch elated with his good (be- 
ceues, and th^ encreafe of his flirength ,. that he aimed at no 
iefs than aperfcia Viftory, and theruinof thpfe who had in- 
cenfed him ( by which infinuatipn they who could not for- 
give themielves, endeavour'd to make all others defperate) he 
was refplv'd to publifh fuch a Deqjar^tion to the whole Kong- 
dpm, that both Houfes, and their Army, could not but take 
notice of, and might, if they were inclined to it, thence take 
a rife to make any Overtures to him towards an attonepient. 
To that purppfe, the next day after he received the afliirance 
jpf the taking of Br//?^/, his Majeftypubiifti'd this enfiiing De- 
f laratlon ^ whic)i 1 (hail enter in his own words. 

. J^ ^fl^j^y-^ J>ecUration -to all his lading Suije^tsy after 
. . Jtis Fiaories ever the Lord F^riax, im t^ Nirthy Sr Wil- 
liam. Waller r« the m^y a»d.the^akm£]of Bi^olfy bis 
J^ajijfys Forces. ■ ^ „• > 

TheKi"£y **As the grievances an^ loC[e$ of ^96 particular Perfons, 
Deciarathn « fincc thcfe nii(crable bloody di(temp'Qrs have difquieted this 
^^-^"'''^'"ipoor Kingdom, can be comparcjd to thelofs and damage 
!^< We our felf have fuffain'd, there having been no. Victory 
" obcain'd but in the Blood of our own Subjedts, nor no Ra- 
" pine or Violence committed, but to the impoverilhment and 
^^ ruin of our own People j fo, a blefTed and nappy Peace cpan-. 
*^ npt be fo acceptable and welcome to any Man, as to Us. 
^' Almighty God, to \vhom all the fecrets of our Heart are 
*' open, who hath fo often and fp miraculoufly preferv'd Us, 
^* and to whofe Ppwer alone We muft attribute the goodne(s 
f* of our prefent Condition (how unhappy foever it is with re-j 
**ference tp the Publick Calamities ) knows, with what iUn- 
*/ wiilingnefs, with what anguifli of Soul, We fubmitted bur 
?^*felf to the neceflfiry of taking up Defenfive Arms. An4 
"the World knows with what jultice .and bounty We.have, 
"repaired our Sqbjedts, for all thepreflfures and inconve- 
" niencies they had "born, by fuch excellent Laws, as would 
*^:for ever have, prevented the like ^ and with what earneftne(s 
'* and importunity We defir'd tp add any thing, for the efla- 
" bli(hment of the Religion, Laws, and Liberty of the King- 
'^dom. HoMf all the(e have, been difturbed, invaded, and 
" almoil de(troy'c^ . by Faaibn^. Seciition, and Ti^on , by 

'. '. - . ■' "^^thdfe. 

' Of the Rehellion^ &c. ^0| 

" thofe, who have neither Reverence to God, nor AfieSion 
^^ to Men, but have facrificed both to their own Ends and Am^ 
** bicion, is now fo evident, that We hope, as God hath.won- 
*^ derfuUy manifefted his care of Us, and his defence, of His 
^and Our moft jult Caufe^ fo, he bath fo far touch'd the 
^' Hearts of our People, that their Eyes are at lait open'd ta 
<^ fee how miferably they have been feduced, and to abhor 
<^ thofe Perfons, whole Malice and Subtlety had feduced them 
'^ to Difhonour Him, to rebel againft Us, and to bring much 
*' Mifery and Calamity upon their Native Country. 

"We well remember the Proteftation voluntarily made by 
** Us, in the head of that fmall Army we were Mailer of in 
'^ Septemher lafl*, to defend and maintain the true Reformed 
^^ Proteftant Religion : And if it; thould pleafe God, by his 
^' bleffing upon that Army, to preferve Us from this Rebel- 
*^lion, that We would maintain the jult Privileges and Free- 
<<dom of Parliament, and govern by the known ]Laws of the 
** "Land j for whofe Defence, in truth, that Army was only 
^^ raifed, and hath been fince ^ep.t. And diere cannot be a 
^ more feafonable time to renew that Proteftation tb^ now, 
*^ when God hath vouchfafed Us £6 tM/aj Vifiories and Suc- 
**cefles, and hath render'd thej^ower of^thofe, who feck to 
*^deftroy Us, lefs formidable than: it hath been (fo that We 
^^ihall probably not fall upder the, fcandalous imputation, 
<^ which hath ufually attended Our jMbeOa^es of; Peace, that 
** they proceed from the weaknefs of our Power, not love of 
*^ our People) and when there is more freedom in manyCoun- 
^^ticSy for Our good Subjeflb to receive true information of 
" their own, and Our Condition j the fcnowleclge ^hereof 
<^ hath been, with equal indultry^d iajpjftice^ kept trom them, 
**as othejr Adts of cruelty have been impoled on them, 

" We cio therefore declare to all the World, iatHe prefence 
'*of Almighty God, to whom Wemuft give a ftriil, account 
** of all our Profeflions and Proteftations, that We are fo far 
^^ from intenditig any alteration of the Religion eftablilh'd (as 
**hath been often fiJfly, fcandalou%, and againft' the Con- 
^'fcience.of -the Contrivers rbemfejves of that rumour fug- 
** gefted to. our People) or from the.leaft thought of invading 
** the Liberty and Property of the Subjedt, or violating the 
"juftPrivilegps of Parliament, that, We call that God to wit- 
** nefs, who hath cover d our Head in the day of Battle^ that 
«« We defire from our SouL and fliall always ufe our utmofl: 
*^ endeaMpur to preferve, and advance the true Refornq*.^ Pro- 
<^ teftant ReUgipn eftablifli'd in xhe Qiurch oif. Efgiandy in 
"which We were born, have!i&ithfiilly-liv'd-, iahd, by the 
**. grace of Qod, fliall refolutdy ; die : Tnat the prefer vation 
^^ of die yb^qf .ajod Properly i^f the Subje^ in the 'c)ue ob- 


304. The Uiftwy Book VII. 

'^fenration of the known Laws of the Land, (hall be equally 
'^ our care^ as the maintenance of our own Rights ^ We de- 
'^ firing to govern only by ehofe good Laws, which, till they 
^ were oppreis'd by this odious Rebellion, preferir'd this Na- 
^ tion happy. And We do acknowledge fhe juft Privileges 
^ of Parliament to be an edential part ofthofe Ijiws, and (rail 
^ therefore moft folemnly defend, and obferve them. So that, 
^in truth, if either Reli^on, Law, or Liberty, be precious 
•'to our Ptople, they will, by their fubmiflton to X}z^ jfsftk 
•^ with Us in the defence of tnem ; and thereby eilaUiOi tmc 
^ Peace, by which only they can flourilh, and be enjoy'd. 

** Whether thete Meiu that be profefs'd Enemies to 
" the eliablHh'd Ecdefiaftical Government, who reproach and 
^ perfecttte the Learned Orthodox Minrfters of the Church, 
** and into their places pot Is;norant, Seditious, and Schifmati- 
" cal Preachers, who vftiftr the Book of Common Prayer, and 
*^ improufly prophane Goers Worihip with their fcurrilous and 
•'fedirious demeanour, are like to advance that Reltgioo; 
^whether thofe Men, who boldly, and without the leaft (ha- 
^dow or colour of Law, impofe infiipportable Taxes and 
^odious ExcHes upon their leilow Subjeds, imprifon, tor- 
** menr, and murder them, are like to preferve tnc iJbcftf 
*'and Property of theSubjeft: and whether thofe Men, who 
** feife and poffefs themfelres of our own unqueftiofiablc Re- 
" venue, and our juft Rights, have denied us our Negative 
*' Voice, have, by force and violence, aw'd and terrifira the 
^* Members of both Houfes, and laftiy have, as far as in them 
^ lies, diflfolv'd the prefent Parliament, by driving away and 
"imprifbning the Members, and refolving the whole power 
*' thereof, and more, into a Committee of a few Men, con- 
*' trary to alt Law> Cuftom, or Precedent, are like to viiKii- 
** cate, and uphold the Privileges of Patliament, all the World 
" mav judge. 

•* We do therefore once more conjure our good Subjefis, 
*• by their memory of that excellent Peace and firm Happmeft, 
** with which it pieafcd God to reward their Duty, and Loy- 
*'alty in time paftj by their Oaths of AllegiancTe afnd Supre- 
<^macy, which no Vow or Covenant, contrived and admi- 
^•nifter'd to, and by themfelves, can cancel or evade; by 
«^ whatfoever is dear and precious to them in this life, or hoped 
<*or prayed for in the life to come, that they will remember 
*• their Duty, and confidcr their Intercft, and no longer fiiflfer 
<^ themfelves to be mifled, their Prince difhonoored , aiftl 
^* their Country wailed and undone by the malice and cunning 
*• of thofe State Impoftors ; who^ under pretence of Refor- 
<^ mation, would introduce whatfoever is monftroos and un- 
<< natural both to Religion, and Policy : But that they rather 

« choofe 

Of the Reielhon^ &c. 30 jr 

<< ehoofe cfuletly to enjoy their Religion, Property, and 
^ berty, founded and provided for by the wifdom and induftry 
^ of former times, andfecured andenlat^ed, by the bleflings 
^'upon theprefent Age, than to fpend their Lives and For- 
<< tunea topurchafe Confefion, and to make themfrives liable 
^ to rhe moft intolerable kind of Slavery, that is, to be Slaves 
^ to their Itllows Sul^edis^ who, by their prodigious, unheard 
<^ of A As of OppreHion and Tjnranny, have mven them fuf- 
^^ficienc evidence what they are to exped at their hand!. 

*< And- kt not our good People, who have been mifled, 
*^or, through want of Underftanding, or want of Courage, 
^iiibraitted themfelves tounvarFantable and diQoyal A^ons, 
^ be taught, by thefe Seducers, itet their Safety now confiilf 
•^in Def^ir; an<* that they caa only fecure themfelves for 
« the ilk they have done, by a refolute and peremptory dif- 
<• obedience^ Revenge and Blood-thirftmefs have never been 
^ imputed to Us, by thofe, who have not left either our Go- 
«^ vernment, or Nature, unexafftin'd, with the greateft Bold- 
<< nefs, and Malice. And all thofe who, fmce thofe Bloodjf 
^<diftra<5tion8, out of Confcience have returned from their evil 
<f ways to Us, hav« found that it was not fo eafy fop Theia 
" to repem as for Us to forgive. And whofoever have bee» 
«* roiflswl by chafe whofe Hearts from the beginning have de- 
^fign'd all this mifchief, and flteU redeem their pmb Crimes 
<*by their prefent Service and Loyalty, in the apprehending, 
^or oppoung (iK:h who fiiall continue to bear Arms againfk 
^ Us, and fhall ufe their utmoft endeavours to reduce (hofe 
^Mea to their due Obedience, wd to reftore this Kinedom 
^ to its wonted Pin^ee, fihali have caufe td magnify our NKrcy, 
^and to repent the Trefpafles committed agair^ fo juft and- 
^< gracious a Soveraim. Laftly, Wedefire all our good Sub- 
jeds who have realTy afifted, or really wifliM Us well, now 
^ God haeh done fiich wonderfel things for Us, vigoroufly^ to 
^endeavour to put an end to allthefe Miferies. by bringing 
*^in Meo^ Money, Plate, Hories, or Arms, to Our aid; that 
*• fo We being not wanting to Our felves, may with confi- 
*« dence expea the continuance of God's Favour, to reftore 
"Us all CO that ble£fed harmony of Aflfedions, which nwy 
^efiablifh a &rm Peace; without the fpeedy obtaining m 
^ which, thi& poor Kingdom will be utterly undone, though 
« not abfol«e^ loft. 

What efiedl this Declaration produced, at leaft what ac- 
cidient fell out (hortly after the publifliing it. We ftaK hwe 
occafion anon to remember, when We have firft reffiember'd 
ibme unfortunate Paffiges, whi^ accompanied this profpe^- 
ri^' Oft the Khi^ part ; for thfr SuniMiie of hia Cosqueft waa 


3o6 TheWtllory Book VII. 

foiflewhat Qouded, not only by the Number and Quality of 
the (lain, but by the Jealouties and Mifunderftandings of thofe 
who were alive. 1 here was not, from the beginning, that 
conformity of humour and inclinations between the Princes 
and the Marquis of Ihrtford^ 98 had been to be wifh'd be- 
tween all Perfons of Honour, who were engaged in a Qua* 
rel that could never profper but by the Union of the Under- 
taker$.' Prince Maurice^ and, on his behalf ( or rather the 
other by. his impulGon ) Prince Rupert taking to heart, that a 
Nephew of the King's fliould be Lieutenant General to the 
Marquis, who had neither been exetcifed in the profedion of a 
Soldier, nor even now pondtually Itudied the Office of a Ge- 
peral : On the other hand, the Marquis, who was of the moft 
gentle Nature to the gentle, and as rough and jefolute to the 
imperious, it may be, liked not the Prince's afliiming to him-- 
ieU more than became a LicMtenant General, and ibmetimes 
eroding Ads of \i\9 with relation to the governing, and dif^ 
poTmg the Affairs of the Country, in which he knew himfelf 
jtditufies better verfed than the Prince^ and when Br'tjlol was taken, 
2^^*J";^""^ where the Marquis took himfelf to Command in Chief, bc- 
frhcifJdof' i"g * Town particularly within his Commiflion, and of which 
ficersabaut he was betidcs Lord Lieutenant), he thought himfelf not re- 
the C9vtm^ gardfliUy enough ufed, that Prince Rupert had not only en- 
«i#«*/Biri-jg^y jjjjQ jjjg Treaty without his Advice, but concluded the* 

Articles without fo much a^ naming him, or taking notice 
that he was there. And ther^ore with as little Ceremony to* 
his Highnefs, or fo much 'as Communicating it to either c^ 
the Princes, the Marquis declared that he would give the Go- 
vernment of that City to Sr Ralph Hoft&u, Prince Rupert on 
the other l?and conceiv'd the Town won by him, being en- 
tered on that fide in which he Commanded abfolucely, and 
the Cornijlj on the other part abfolucely repulfed ^ and there- 
fore that the difpofidon of the Command and Government of 
it, wholcly belonged to him. But when he heard the Refolu- 
tioa of the Marquis concerning S' Raipff Hoptony who was 
not to be put into the Scale with any private Man, he gave 
over the defign of conferring it upon any of the pretenders ; 
and by the fame Meflenger, by whom he advertised his Ma- 
jefty of :the good Succefs, he defir'd, " That he would bcftow 
^^ihfi Government ot that City reduced by him, upon him-- 
*' felf, the which the King readily confented to j not fufpeft- 
ing any difpute to be about it. And Ihortly after an Exprefs 
arriv'd hkewifc from the Marquis, with an account of all par- 
ticulars, and that his Lordfliip had defign'd S^ Ra/ph Hoptou. 
to be Gpverpour of the new-got City. 

'TJ}BNg;^nd not before^ the King underflood what ftreight 
he w^ .ui-i. and was . exceedingly perplexed to find an Expe- 

■ ..^ ...'.I dient 

A \ : Of the Rebellion, &c. 307 

dient to compofe the difierence chat he faw would arife. He 
bad pafled his word to his Nephew, of whom he was very 
tender, and did in truth believe chat his Title to diipoie the 
Government was very jult : he had likewife a very jutt elteem 
of the Marquis who had ferv'd him with all fidelity, and bad 
clearly declared bimfelf for him, when the doing otherwife 
would have been moit prejudicial to his Majelty : and, it 
could not be denied, no Subjcdf s Affedion and Loyalty gave 
a greater Luftre to the King's Caufe, than that of the Mar- 
quis^ and that which was a circumitance of infinite Moment, 
was the nominating S^ Ealph Hopton -^ who as he was a Per- 
fon of high merit from the King, (b he was the molt gracious 
and popular to that Cit}^, and the Country adjacent^ and af- 
ter fo great fervice, and fufiering in the fervice, to expofe him 
to a refufal, was both againft the kindnefs and goodnefs of 
the King's Nature, and his Pohticjc forefight into, his* Afifairs. 
And as a prefage how various the interpretation would he 
abroad, oi whatfoever he fhould determine, he found the 
Minds and . Affections of his own Court and Council,' with 
more pailion than ordinary, ready to deliver their opinions. 
The Marquis was generally lov'd, and where he was not 
enough known to be fo, his.Intereft and Reputation in the 
Kingdom was thought of wonderful confideration in the 
King's bufinefs : and many were very much troubled to fee 
Prince Rupert, whofe aSivity and courage in the Field they 
thought very inftrumental, incline to get the poflcflion of the 
fecond City of the Kingdom into his hands, or to engage 
himfelf fo much in the Civil Government, as fuch a Command 
foberly executed muff neceflarily comprehend j and thi&as it 
were in contempt of one of the. prime Noble Men of the 
Kingdom, to which Order the Prince had not exprefs'd bim- 
felf very debonair. And thefe thoaght " The King was, by 
^Counfel and Precept, to reform and foften the Prince-sun- 
^^ derftanding and humour ^ and to perfwade him, in compli- 
"ance with his Service, to decline the Conteft, and fuffer the 
<^ Marquis to proceed in his difbofitioH, which, on all parts, 
*^ was acknowledged to be moft fitly delign'd. 

Others again were of opinion, ^* That the right ofdiC- 
^ pofing the Command to whomfoevcr he thought fit, entirely 
^* belonged to Prince l^urp^/ ^ and therefore (befides that,' the 
^ King had, by the fame Meflenger who brought the Suir,'*re- 
'^ turn'd his Confent) that he could not be realonably refufedj 
<* when he defired it for himfelf; which would take away all 
" poflible imagination of difrefpedl to S*^ Ralph Hoptouy who 
*' could not take it ill, that the Prince himfelf had taken, a- 
<^ Command, that was defigri'd to Him ; That the Eyes of 
^^ the Army were upon his Highneis, whofe name was grown 

" a ter- 

^o8 The f^(ny Book VII. 

^terror to tbe Enemy, s8 his Courage and Qmdud): bid 
^been very proiperous to the King ; and if> after fo happf 
^and glorious an acchieyement^ he iliould now receive a t^ 
^ pulfe in fo reafonable a pretence, though it would not Itf- 
^ftn his own duty or altcdty in die Service, it might have 
^ an unhappy influence upon ;his Reputation and mereft in 
^ the Army j which could receive no diminution without ap- 
^ parent damage to hia Majefty : and ' therefore, that ibms 
<< means fhould be ufed to the Marquis, to wave his Title, 
^and to CGVifent that the Prince (hould enjoy his defires : fo 
that they who were only fit to be employed to perfwade and 
titer either, Seem'd, and indeed Were, paffionately engaged 
afl^dnft the thing they were to perfwade Whereupon the 
King difcem'd that all depended upon his own Royad Wii^ 
dom ^ and therefore reiblv'd to take a Journey in his own 
Perfgn to Brifi9l^ and there to give fuch a Rule as he fliouid 
find molt neceffiiry^ to which^ he prefumed, both Perfons 
would conform themfielves, as well cordially, as obediently. 
Tb$ King That which the Kii^g pnopofed to hixnielf, was to grati- 
its u Bri- fy his Nephew with the Name, and the Marquis, by making 
•^ 7h^' ^^'^ Baf$9U enjoy the Thing: upon obliging whom the 
^nct, King's care was very particular. For though he knew his noc- 
ture, as in truth it was, moft exactly free from interrupting 
the leaft publick Service by private ends or thoughts, other 
Men would be apt to conceive and publifh a difrewed to be 
done to him, which himfelf apprehended not; and therefore 
bis Majelty was not only, in his own Princely mind, to re- 
tain a very gracious fenie of his Service, but to give Evidence 
to all Men, that he did fo. And fo after he had made a joy- 
fiil entrance into BrifioL, which was performed with all decent 
Solemnity, and ufed all kind and obliging expreifions to the 
Marquis, he defired him in private to confeot, that he might 
perform his promife to his Nephew, which he had pafled be- 
fi>rc he had any imagination that his Lordihip otherwife h^ 
determin'd of it ; without fpeaking at all of any other Title 
his Highneft had to it, but by his Kkjefty's promife. He efta- 
blifli'd Prince Rupert in the Government of Briftcly who im- 
mediately fent a Commiflion to Sr RMlph HopUn (who was 
now fo well recover'd, that he walked into the Air) to be 
his Lieutenant Govemour ; fignifying likewife to him, by a 
Confident that pafled between them, ^ That though he was 
^ now engaged for fome time, which Ihodd not be long, to 
^ keep the Superior Title himfelf, he would not at all med- 
^dle in the Government, but that he (hould be as abfolute in 
^ it, as if the Original Commiffion had been granted^ to Him. 
Sr Ralph Hopton^ who was exceedingly forry that his Name 
was at all uied, and cxpofed, u an Atfument of diSerence 


Of the Rehllio^, Sec. 30^ 

and iniruiulerftiiiiding between Perfoos of fiicb cmineot in- 
fluence upon the publick, quickly diicern'd that tfais expe- 
dient , thou|;h it feem'd pkufibly to leflen the noife of the 
Debate^ did m truth objeit him to the iiill Envy of one Party. 
For the Marquis ( who by the King's perfwaiions was rather 

?[uieted, than fiuisfied ) might, and he foreiaw would^ be per* 
waded to exped that he would refufe the Coimniffion from 
Prince Rufert, both, as he might be thought to comity in an 
Injury done to the Marquis, to whom his devotion had been 
ancient, fait, and unfhaken, and as the Command now given 
him, was inferior to what the Marquis, who had the power 
of diipolal, had conferr'd on him ^. and ib that he Cbould vin- 
dicate the Title, which the King himfelf was loath to give f 
judgment upon. He was the more troubled , becaufe he 
found that by fubmitting to this Charge, be (hould by (bme 
be thought to have deferted the Mftrquis out of -a land of 
Revenge for his having deferted the £nterprife , when be 
chofe , the laft year , rather to go into Wi^s than c^rsttw^ 
and for his deferring him again now, when he brought ^ 
new Officers to Command the Army over their Heads who 
had raifed it, and made the way for the new to conne to them. 
Whereas the firft, as is before remember'd, was done by hit 
own Advice, as well as his full Confent ; and the latter, he 
well knew, was rather to be impupedto Prince Mturkt thaa . 
to his Lordfhip, whofe kindoefs and efteem had been fver 
very real to him. On the other hand, he faw plainly, that 
if ne refiifed to receive this Commiffion, with what fpecioua 
Circumitances of Duty and SubmiOBon foever, it might pro* 
duce ( as without douot unavoidably it wguld ) notable Di^ 
fturbances and Interruptions in the King's Affiurs ^ and that, 
the Marquis, to common Underftandings, had, to Obey the 
King, declined the Conteft, and therefore that thei reviving 
it, and the mifchief that attended it, would be imputed to his 
particular Account. Befides that , he had always born an 
avow'd and dechur'd Reverence to the Queen of Bohemia and 
her Children , whom he had Perfonally and actively ferved 
in their Wars , whilft they maintain d any, and for whofe 
Honour and Keftitution he had been a Zedous and knows 
Champion. And therefore hohad no inclination to difoblige 
a hopeful Prince df that Houfe, upon whom our own hopes 
feem'd fo much to depend. He therefore refolv'd, according 
to his rare temper tnroughout this War, to let him whom 
be profefs'd to ierve , choofe in what kind he would be 
ferv d by him ; and chearfiiUy receiv'd the Commiffion from ** 

Prince BMfert ; upon which, all difcourfe, or Debate of dif- 
ference, was for the prefenc determined, what whifperings or 
nurmuringa foever remainU 


%50 TheEiftory BookVII. 

TiiE' King found it now high time to refolve, to what 
Adion next to diipofe his Armies, and that their lying itill 
fo long there ( for thefe Agitations had kept the main work 
frort) going; forward ten or twelve days, a time in that Sea<^ 
fon unfortunately loft) had more weaken'd, than refrefhed 
them ; having not lo(t more Men by ftorming the City, than 
afterwards by plundering it: thofe Soldiers, who had warm'd 
themfelYes with the burthen of Pillage, never quietly again 
fubrtiitting^-tothe Carriage of their Arms. 

The Queftion was firft, « Whether both Armies fhould 
^ be United, and inarch in one upon the next Defign? and then, 
^ What that Defign (hould be ? Againft the Firft, there were 
many Allegations. 

I : ^^Th e Condition of the Weft : Darjet-ftjire ^VkiDevon-Jbire 
^ were entirely poflcfs'd by the Enemy : for though Sr yohn 
** Berkley with a daring Party kept Exeter j and Colonel Johm 
'^ Dighy the North part ( which was notoriouQy difafieded ) 
^from joyning with Pfymautb^ which would elfe quickly have 
^ grown into an Army ftrong enough to infeft Cormval^ yet 
^ they had no place to retire to upon diftrefs ^ and all the Porta 
"upon the weftemCoafts werre Garrifon'd by the Parlia- 
^ merit, which, upon the fame of the approach of the King's 
^ Forces, and the lofs of Brifiol^ might probably be, without 
« much refiftance, reduced. 

1. "The o^rv^j Army was greater in Reputation, than 
*« Numbers; having loft many 2.Z LanfUown, and theAflault 
*' of Brtfi0ly and, by the death of their Chief (Officers, very ma- 
** ny were run away fince : befides they pretended fome pro- 
*' mife made to their Country ( which they conceived not to 
<« be enough fecured againft Plymouth ) of- returning fpeedily 
« for the reduction: of that Town ; fo that if they were com* 
" pelled to march Eaftwards, to which they were not incli- 
" ned, it was to be doubted they would moulder away fo faft, 
"that there would be little addition of ftrength by it. Where- 
"asif they march'd Weft ward, it would be no hard matter 
"to gather up thofe who were returned , and to be ftrong 
" enourii in a very ftiort time, by new Levies, for any Enter- 
" brife ftiould be thought reafonable to be undertaken. To 
which was added, " That havmg loft thofe Officers, whom 
" they lov'd and fear'd ^ and whofe Reverence reftrain'd their 
"Natural diftempers, they were too much inclined to muth- 
"ny ;' and had exprefs'd a peremptory averfion to the joyning, 
"and marching with the King's Army. And the truth is, thei» 
humours then were not very gentle and agreeable, as being 
apt to think that their prowefs was not enough recompenfed, 
or valued. For though the King aftcdted to make all pollible 
demonftrations to them, of an extraordinary high elteem he 
^ had 

Of M keheUiotti e>cc. 511 

had of their wonderful Fidelity and Courage, yet he Was able 
•to procure very little Money for them; and they had then, 
by the difcipline under whicn they^ had been train'd (whidl 
was moft regular, and full of that fobriety which promif^ 
good fortune} an honeft pride in their own Natures, a great 
difdain of plundering, or fupplying themfelves by thofe vile 
ArtSj which they grew afterwards lefs tender to avoid. 
. 5. " T H£ great number of the King's Horfe ; which was 
'*^ fo braye a Body, that when that part of it, which was joyn'd 
^Vtothe Cornijh was away, he ihbuld march with at leaft fix 
** thdu&nd Horfe, which were as many as would be able to 
^ live on any Country within a due diftance of Quartering. 

A. * L A s T L y, fome Correfpondence with the Chief Gen* 
^ tletnien of Dorjit-Jhite^ who were ready to joyn with any 
^ confiderable Party fbt the King, and had fome probable 
^ hopes, that the fmall Garrifbns upon the Coaft would npC 
<<make a tedious reiiftance. 

There was another reafon, which was not given, that if 
both Armies had been kneaded into one, Prince .A/ifiir/Vf could 
liave been but a private Colonel : but there were enough bc-r 
(ides to fatisfy the King to keep them divided ; and fo he gave 
Order to the Earl of Carnarvon to advance towards Dorcte* 
/ier (the Chief Town in that County, and one of the ipoft 
malignant in Engldnd^ where the Rebels had a Carrifon) with « 

the Horfe and Dragoons, and the next day to Prince Maurste Prina lim* 
to march after with the Foot and Cannon } his Majcfty keep- rkefntM* 
ing with him the Marquis of Hertford to attend his own Per- JJ/^'jJ' 
fon j for though he well (aw, he ihould undergo fome Incon- ]][|^^, 
veniencies, by withdrawing the Marbuis from that employ- 
ment, the opinion of the Soundne(s or his Religion, and inte- 
grity of his Jufbce,rendring him by much the moft popular Man 
in thofe parts, and was exceedingly tender of giving the leafl 
umbrage and diibifte to his Lordihip, upon whofe Honour and 
ASedtion he relied entirely, and would as foon have trufted 
his Crown upon his Fidelity, as upon any Man's in his three 
Kingdoms, yet he difcern'd plainly that the Prince and the 
Marquis would never agree together ; and that there were Per* 
fons about them, who would foment their Indifpofitions td 
each other, with any hazard to His fervice ^ and concluded, 
that he fhould fooner reduce his People by the Power of hit 
Army, than by the perfwaiions of his Counfel ; and that the 
roughnefs of tne one's Nature, might prevail more than the 
lenity and condefcenfion of the other : and therefore he fent 
the Prince on that employment; ufingall imaginable means 
to remove any trouble, or jealoufy of hi^ favour from the 
Marquis's mind ; his Majefly freely and clearly communicating 
CQihim all his Q)unfels, and the true grocmds of his Refolu- 

VoL II. Parti. X tion; 

3IX TheHiftory BookVIT. 

tion; and declarii:^ to him, <^That he would make him a 
<< Ge^ncleman of his Bed-Chamber, and Groon^ of his orqle, 
^^and that he would always have his Company and Advice 
^< atx)ut him ; with which the Marquis was iatisfied, , rather 
becaufe he refolv^d not to difobey him, than that he was wdl 
pleafed with the price of the obligations. 

And truly many wife and honed M^ were forry for the 
King's Eledlion j and though the Marquis's years, and a Ipiig * 
indulgence to his eafe, had fuperinduced a kind oi laxinels iand 
inadlivity upon his Nature, that was neither agreeable to his 

Rrimitive Conftitution, nor the great Endowments of bis 
lind (for he was a good Scholar, and bad'a good judgment) 
and le^ to the temper of this time, and the Office of a Gene- 
ral, infomuch as he often refi^'d an excellent underftaikiing 
to thofe who had a very indifierent one, and follow'd the ad- 
vice, and concluded upon the information of thof^ who had 
narrower, and more vulgar thoughts than fuited with His Ho 
nqur, and were not worthy of fucha Truft j yet they tboi^ht 
the Prince's inexperience of the Cuftoms and manners of ^^ 
iand^ and an aver&on from confidering them, muft (ubjea 
him to the information and advice of worfe Counfellors than 
the other, and which would not be fo eaGl]^ controuled : And 
I am of opinion, that if the Prince had waited on his Majefty 
in that Army, and never interpoled in any Command, not 
\ purely Martial, and the Marquis been lent with thofe Forces 
. mto the Weft with the Lord Hopton (who was now to be 
left at Brifiol to intend his health, and to form that new Gar- 
riipn j which was to be a Magazine for Men, Arms, Am- 
munition, and all that was wanted) and fome other ileady 
perfons, who might have been Aflign'd tofpecial Provinces, 
a ^eater tide of good fortune had attended that expedition* 
• XHZ next relolution to be taken, was concerning the 
King's own motion with the other Army. There was not a 
Man, who did not think the reducing of Qlocefter^ a City 
within little more than twenty miles of Brifiol^ of mighty 
importance to the King, if it might be cLone without a greac 
pxpence of time, and lofs of Men : " It was the only Garrifon 
f^the Rebels had between BriJ^ol and Lancafljire^ on the 
^' North part of Eng/audy and if it could be recover'd, his Mar 
** jefty would have the River of Severn entirely within his 
^* Command; whereby his Garrifons of Worcefier^ and Shrev}/^ 
^^kiry^ and all thofe parts, might be fupplied from Briftoi^ 
^^ and the Trade of rhat City thereby fo advanced, that thf 
^^Cuftoms and Duty might bring a notable Revenue to the 
f* King, and the Wealjh of the Qty encreafing, it might bear 
'^the greater Burthen for the War: A r^ch and populous 
<' County, which Ukbcrio rather yieldci4 O^venien^es of 


Of the kehellion^ &c(;. ^tgj 

•^Quarter^ than a (ceded Contribution (that fltohg GarrsibQ 
I '< holding not only the whole Forelt divifion, which. is a 
^ fourth part of the County of Gi^ctf/?f r^bfolQtey in obedience, 
^ but fd alarm'd all other parts, that none of the Genbry, if)oo 
^ for the moft part were well afiedied^ durft (tay at their own 
^ Houfes ) might be whokly xhe King's Qiarten^ and by hoKr 
^ much it had ofiended, and difquieted the King,* more >thin 
■ ^ othef. Counties^ by fo much the more Money inigbt be ni- 
' ^ fed upoQ them. Behdes the general weekly Gontributiom^ 
the Yeomanry, who had been moft forward and feditious, be- 
ing Tcry wealthy, and able to redeem their Delinquency at 
a high Price { iuid theie Arguments were fully preis'd bjn the 
well aSbdied Gentry of the County, who had cii*ried theni- 
felves honeftly, and fiifier'd very much by doing, fo^ and uh- 
, dertook great Levies of Men, if this Work wera firftjdone) 
, there wa&. another Argument of no leis, if not greater Mo^ 
ment thknaU the reft: ^If Ghcefier were reduced, theite 
^^ would need no Forces to be left in Waies^ and aB tbofe Sol- 
'^ diers tni^t be then drawn to the marching Army, and the 
<^ Contributions and other Taxes aiBgn'd to the [Miymeiit of 
^^it. indeed the King would have h»d a glorious, anid emirb 
partof his Kingdom, to haveoonrended with the jeflL •'- .! 
, . Ye T dl thefe motives were not thought worth the en|ag- 
ing his Army in a doubtful Seige^ whilft the Fariiaifiene mi^t 
both recdver the fear that was upon them, and confequently 
allay and compofe the diftempers ( which, if they did not 
;Wholely proceed from, were very much ftrengthen^d by tholfe 
iears^ and recruit their Army; add therefore that it was bet- 
ter to march into £>me of thblb Coundes which were moft 
opprefs'd by die Enemy,, and there Wait fuch advantage, as the 
•diixraSaon in and about London Would admipifteir. except thtre 
could be fome probable tope that Ghcefiet mi^t be got With- 
out mtioh delay. And to that purpofe there had been fecret 
agitation^ the efied whereof was hourly expeded; IThe Go^ 
yernour of that Garriibn vi%% pne Colonel Msffey^ a Soldier of 
Fortune, who had, in the late Northern Expeditions pr4^a- 
red ty>the Kibp againft S^Umi^ been an Ofl^r ^ the Kiing'^ 
Armyyundcrthe Command of Colonel ^/A4i» TJ^\ and, in 
the bc^inniiig of thefe Troubles, had been iatl);ri( with incU^ 
natioil co'ferve the King; bur finding himfelf fiot ecuMidh 
known thete, and that £h«re would be little gotten, but mk 
•Cbnifort of a good Confdence, he went to X.^#ii^ whert 
there was more Money, and fewer Officeri^ -and -iras eafilt 
«iade Lieutenant Colonel co the £arl of ^;mi»/W;^m<I being 
ipsickiy found to be a diligent and ftouc Office, and of no iU 
furtsof Converiadon to rendei: hiinfelf acceptsblip aoioogtbe 
CommQB People, was IJy' his JjBMllhip, wMl heiiKrwt iacd' 

X X the 

314 TheWiftory Book VII. 

> the;Wefty left GoVernour of that Qty of Gloceffir^ where be 

had behaved himfelf adtively, and lucceisfully. There was 

no realbn to defpair, that this Man ( not inroxicated with any 

of diofe fumes which nuide Men rave, andfrancick in the 

Ctufe) might not be wrought upon. And WilL Legy who had 

the good opinion of moit Men^ and the particular kindne(s of 

Prince JRit^/, had fent a Meflenger, who was like to pais 

without fufpicion to Giocefin^ withfuch a Letter of kindnefs 

and overture to^Msffy^ as was proper in fuch a cafe from one 

Friend to another. This Meflenger returned when the King's 

and the Army's motion was <under Debate, and brought an 

Aniwer from the Governour to Colonel Leg^ in a very high 

S^ie, and feeming to take it much unkindly, '^ That he ihoukl 

^ endeavour to Corrupt him^in his Honefty, and Fidelity, and 

[^ to perfwide him to break a Truft, which, to (ave his Life, 

<* he would never do^ with much difcourfc ^*Of his Honour, 

'^^and R^utation, which would be always dear to him. But 

^ the Meuenger iaid withal,:^. That, after the Governour had 

.ff^ven him this Letter, and fome Iharp Reproaches before 

^Company, he was brought agiin, a l^ck way, to a place 

^ where the Governour was by himfelf^ and then he told 

him, << That it was moftneceflary he fhould writefuch an An- 

^iwer as he had done; which was communicated to thofe, 

.^ who elfe would have been jealous what fuch a Meflfengdr 

. ^ ihould come to him about : but that he Qiould tell IFtt^m 

"' ^ Ltgy tfaat he was the fame Man he had ever been, his Ser- 

^vant; and that he wilh'd the King well; that he heard 

^ Prince Rupert meant to bring the Army before that Town; 

^if he did, he would defend it as well as he could; and his 

« Highnefs would find another work than he had zx.Briftol'y 

^but if the King himfelf came with his Army, and fum* 

^mon'd it, he would not hold it s^ainft Him : For it would 

**not ftand with his confcience to ^ht againft the Perfon of 

^the King; befides that in fuch a cafe, he fhould be able to 

^ perfwade thofe of the Town ; which otherwife he could not 


This Mef&ge turn'd the Scale; for though it might be 
without purpofe of being honeft, yet there great obje- 
dion againft the Kin^s marching that way with his Army ; 
fince it would be ftill m his power to purfue any other Coun^ 
feJ, without engaging before it. And it was to fome a fign 
chat he meant well, becaufe he had not hanged, or at leafl im« 
prifbn'd the Meffenger who came to him on fuch an Errand. 
Hereupon the King refolv'd for Giocejiery but not to be en- 
gaged m a Siege; and fo fent his Army that way; and the next 
dajr (having £rft fent S^ Ralph HMw ^ Warrant to create 
him Baroa Bfffm of StrMton^ in Kkmory df thebappy Bac« 
'. "' . " tie, 

Of the RtheUion\ &c. 3 if 

tie fought there ) with the remainder of his Forces march'd ikt i^Hg 
towards it. On Wednefddy the tenth of Augufiy the King^wdbw /#• 
ranged his whole Army, upon a feir Hill, m the clear View of J^J^ ^[jT 
the Ciiy, and within lefs than two Miles of it ; and then, be-^SSwwl 
ing about two of the Clock in the Afternoon, he feilt a Tnun- Aug. t«« ' 
poc with this SumtDons to th6 Town. s^43* 

• ' ' ■ ■ . •* 

^^OtJT of oar tender Compaffiixi to our City of Qlnt^ 
^ftevj aiid that it may not receive prejudice by our Army, 
^' which .We qumot prevent if We be compelled to AC&ulc 
<^ir, We are Perfonallv come before it to require the £ime; 
^' and are gracioufly pleafed to let all the Inhaoitants of, and 
<' all other rerfons withini that Gty,as well Soldiers as otheriL 
'< know, that if the;j^ ihall immediately fubmit themielves, and 
<< deliver this our (Jity to Us^, We are contented, freely, and 
<< abfolutely to pardon every one of them, without exception; 
<< and do afiUre them, in the word of a King, that riiey, nor 
<< any of them (hall receive the leaft damage or prejudice bf 
^^our Araiy in their Perfons or £ftates^ but that We wiU 
<< appoint fuch a Governour, and a moderate Garrifon to re- 
^^ ude there, as (hall be both for iht eafe and fecitrity of that 
<^City, and that whole County. But if they (hall n^edl 
*< this proSer of Grace and Favour, and compel Us, by the 
** power of Our Army to reduce that Place (which^* by the 
** help of God, We doubt not. We (hall he eafily and fhortly 
'< able to do) they muft thank diemfelves for all the Cala* 
<<mities and N4iferies mufl befall them. To this Me<&ge 
<< We expedl a dear and poGtive Anfwer, within two hours 
<^ after the publilbing hereof; and by thete prefents do give 
*^ leave to any Perfons, &fely to repair to and return from Us, 
'* whom that Qty (hail defire to employ unto Us in that bufi* 
^^ nefs : And do require all the Officers, and Souldiers of Our 
^' Arm/, quietly to fufifer them to pafs accordingly. 

W I T H I K le(s than the time prefcribed, together with the 
Trumpeter returned two Citizens from the ToWn, with lean, 
pale, (harp, and bad Vifages, indeed Faces fo ftrange^ and un- 
ufual, and in fuch a garb and pofhire, that at once made the 
mod fevere Countenances merry, and the moft chearftil Hearts 
fad J for it was impoCBble fudi Embaffiidours could bring left 
than a Defiance. The Men, without any Qrcumflances of 
Duty, or good Manners, in a pert, (brill, undiiinay'd accents 
laid, ^< They had brought an Anfwer fi^om the GoOly City of 
<^ Glociftir to the King ; and were fo ready to |ive inlolenc and 
feditious Anfwers to any Qieftion, as if their bufinefi were 
chiefly to provoke ithe King to violate his own Safe Conduft. 
The Anfwer they brouj^WM In Mniting,iii tbefe yeiy words. 

X 3 An/ft^ 

||($ . TheHiftiarj Bdok VIL 

^>ff^t \ <^ W£ the lohabitaiits, Njagiftrates, Officers, and Soldieny 

!gf^^!^'^¥rithiatbis Qarrifon oiQlmfiw^ unco. his M^jefty's gracU 

V^*^^^'<Sxm Mefl^ return this hunabte Anfwer : Th^t We do keep 

T -^'this City, according to pur .Oaths and Allegiance^ to and 

** for the ufe of his Majefty, and his Royal Pofterity : And do 

<< accordingly' conceive our feives whoiely boiind to obey 

V tbiB.Comniaiicisr of his Maieftv^ fignified by both Houfes of